1 Friday, 4 June 2004
2 [Open session]
3 --- Upon commencing at 9.06 a.m.
4 [The accused entered court]
5 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Mr. Registrar, would you call
6 the case, please.
7 THE REGISTRAR: [Interpretation] Case IT-01-47-T, the Prosecution
8 versus General Hadzihasanovic and Amir Kubura.
9 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you.
10 May we have the appearances. Prosecution first, please.
11 MR. MUNDIS: Thank you, Mr. President. Good morning, Your
12 Honours, Counsel, and everyone in and around the courtroom. For the
13 Prosecution, Daryl Mundis, the case manager, Mr. Andres Vatter, Mathias
14 Neuner will be joining us shortly, and sitting in with us today,
15 Mr. President, is the Chief of Prosecutions, Mr. Gavin Ruxton.
16 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you.
17 May we have the appearances for the Defence.
18 MS. RESIDOVIC: [Interpretation] Good morning, Mr. President.
19 Good morning, Your Honours. For the Defence of General Hadzihasanovic,
20 Edina Residovic, myself, counsel; and Stephane Bourgon, co-counsel. Thank
22 MR. IBRISIMOVIC: [Interpretation] Good morning, Your Honours.
23 For the Defence of Mr. Kubura, Rodney Dixon, Fahrudin Ibrisimovic, and
24 Nermin Mulalic, the legal assistant.
25 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you.
1 The Chamber would like to say good morning to all those present,
2 the representatives of the Prosecution, and we'd like to take advantage of
3 this occasion to greet the Chief of Prosecutions, who is here and sitting
4 next to Mr. Mundis. We'd also like to greet the Defence counsel and the
5 accused and all the staff in the courtroom, the court reporters and the
6 interpreters, who are outside the courtroom but nevertheless with us, and
7 the security staff.
8 We're going to continue today with the hearing devoted to the
9 videotapes, but I was given to understand that Mr. Mundis would like to
10 take the floor first before we go ahead, so Mr. Mundis has the floor.
11 MR. MUNDIS: Thank you, Mr. President.
12 I've asked to briefly address Your Honours and the Defence with
13 respect to ongoing progress concerning the issues raised in the Trial
14 Chamber's oral order of 17 May 2004. We have completed several of the
15 additional tasks which the Trial Chamber directed us to do. I would ask
16 at this time, Mr. President, with the assistance of the usher, to
17 distribute some documents. These documents, Mr. President, contain known
18 and original signatures of the two accused. There are photocopies of the
19 documents available and then two folders, which I understand the Trial
20 Chamber wished to view, containing the original signatures. Once those
21 are distributed, I will briefly explain what the material that's being
22 passed out is, and there are sufficient copies for the Defence, the
23 accused, the Trial Chamber, and the legal officer.
24 Perhaps the usher could provide the two coloured folders to the
25 Trial Chamber.
1 Mr. President and Your Honours, you will note the photocopied
2 documents are -- contain actually three different documents. There are
3 sets for both of the two accused.
4 The first document, the page that's in B/C/S, is the arrest
5 warrant and order for the surrender of the accused. At the time that the
6 two accused surrendered, they signed the bottom of the arrest warrant and
7 order for surrender. The original of those documents is in the blue
9 The second page in the photocopied set is an information sheet
10 which the accused fill out at the time of their surrender in this case,
11 which also contains the handwriting of the accused. The original, again,
12 is in the folders.
13 And finally, with respect to each of the two accused,
14 Mr. President, there is a Rule 68 disclosure certificate. At the request
15 of the Rule 70 provider, the accused were personally required to sign for
16 this material. Unfortunately, I am not in a position to disclose
17 precisely what this material is; however, you will notice that both the
18 accused and their counsel signed for receipt of this Rule 70 material and
19 that was disclosed under Rule 68. And again, you have the original of
20 those receipts attached to the front of the arrest packages.
21 If there are any questions about that material, I'm happy to
22 address them. Otherwise, I'll move on to the next topic.
23 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. So you're providing
24 us with a binder with folders and the originals bearing the signature of
25 the accused, one of the accused, the arrest warrant, and the other
1 document with the signature, which will allow us to verify and see that
2 the photocopies with the signatures do in fact correspond to the original
3 signatures. So there were two sets.
4 We have two sets here for each of the accused, with the
5 signatures. With the exception of General Kubura's file, the arrest
6 warrant -- no. No, there is his signature here. It said "copy," but in
7 fact it's the original. So we do have what we need for the two accused,
8 their signatures.
9 Would the Defence counsel like to take a look at the files? They
10 are original documents. You have them. Fine.
11 Please continue, then.
12 MR. MUNDIS: Thank you, Mr. President.
13 I would simply ask if in fact these documents are going to be in
14 any way appended to the record as any kind of Court exhibits or any
15 similar thing, that they be placed under seal, particularly with respect
16 to the Rule 68/Rule 70 document, which is a very sensitive document. We
17 would ask that if in fact this is made part of the record, that these two
18 documents with the signatures be placed under seal.
19 Mr. President, as you're aware, Ms. Benjamin is currently in
20 Sarajevo. Let me take this opportunity to briefly inform you as to the
21 status of future witnesses.
22 The witness Judge Adamovic, as I indicated earlier, will be
23 available the week of 21 June. As of yesterday, there was at least one
24 and perhaps two of the archivists that Ms. Benjamin has spoken to are also
25 available that week. It is at this point our intention to schedule the
1 archivists and Judge Adamovic for the week of the 21st of June, with a
2 sufficient number of witnesses to fully engage our work efforts during
3 that week. Of course, once we have any additional statements from
4 Mr. Adamovic or any statements from the archivists, those will be
5 disclosed as quickly as possible. My understanding is that Ms. Benjamin
6 has taken those statements in both English and B/C/S so as to avoid the
7 need to have the documents translated once she arrives back here in
8 The Hague and so that the witnesses could sign the documents in their own
9 language, which should expedite matters in that respect.
10 We do as of this moment, Mr. President and Your Honours, we do
11 not have any witnesses available for next week.
12 With respect to the information concerning the intercepts, we
13 will be making that information available, I anticipate, on Monday or
14 Tuesday of next week. Ms. Karper, our former case manager, is working on
15 the missing documents, and my understanding is that she will be providing
16 some of that material to the legal officer later today. Among the
17 documents which are not yet available, of course, are those for which we
18 are awaiting translation, but my understanding is those documents should
19 be available one week from today.
20 The final issue I need to bring to the attention of the Trial
21 Chamber and the Defence concerns the order that we designate or determine
22 who would be the appropriate witnesses to authenticate the documents.
23 Late yesterday afternoon I received a spreadsheet based on the contested
24 exhibit spreadsheet that was previously provided on the 8th -- on the 19th
25 of April. Two analysts from our team have identified the likely
12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and
13 English transcripts.
1 authenticating witnesses for about 600 of the 660 contested documents. A
2 number of those documents have been withdrawn, so the number is slightly
3 less than 660. There are a few documents that we are still unable to
4 identify an authenticating witness for.
5 I regret to inform the Trial Chamber, however, that having
6 analysed the names of the individuals who are listed as authenticating
7 witnesses, the total number is 163 witnesses, which clearly is not
8 possible or reasonable for us to bring before this Trial Chamber. I will
9 also add, Mr. President, that 105 of those witnesses would be able to
10 authenticate only one document.
11 What we are attempting to do is formulate some ideas as to
12 perhaps other means to solve this problem, whether it's calling an analyst
13 or analysts from within the Office of the Prosecutor who could provide a
14 document type of analysis, in terms of the context of the documents, and
15 someone who has familiarity with the large number of documents in order to
16 determine whether or not they are authentic. Another option, of course,
17 would be to call a number of witnesses who could authenticate large
18 numbers of the documents, such as, for example, one of the witnesses that
19 was identified, we believe, could authenticate approximately 130 of the
20 documents. But I also should bring to the attention of the Trial Chamber
21 and the Defence that it appears to us that a significant number of the
22 witnesses that might be necessary for authentication purposes could be
23 Defence witnesses in this case, which might raise other issues pertaining
24 to bringing them here for the limited purpose of authenticating
25 documents. Again, we are in the process of formulating some proposed
1 suggestions on how to deal with this problem, particularly in light of the
2 fact that as Your Honours are aware, the Prosecution was not clearly put
3 on notice that authenticity would be an issue until relatively late in
4 these proceedings and certainly not at the pre-trial stage of this case.
5 I anticipate that we will file the spreadsheet containing the
6 lists, again, either Monday or Tuesday, and I anticipate appending to that
7 some proposed suggestions or ideas as to how to solve this problem, which
8 the Prosecution clearly recognises is one that is a very difficult
9 situation for the Trial Chamber and the parties.
10 That summarises the position with respect to the ongoing projects
11 pertaining to the oral order. I should also mention one final thing:
12 Your Honours had asked us to, in effect, sequence the documents to
13 determine whether it's possible to determine if documents were sent or
14 received based on the chain of the documents. That project is ongoing,
15 and I will brief you as to when that information will be available and in
16 what format it will be available as soon as I have a better idea as to
17 when that information will be available.
18 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. Thank you.
19 I'm now going to give the floor to the Defence. There were a
20 number of points that you raised and addressed. First of all, the
21 question -- we've dealt with the question of signatures. Now, what
22 remains are the hearings for June. You said that there was a week, from
23 the 21st of June is what I heard, so I assume that's from the 21st to
24 the 28th, that week, that's what you mean, that we have envisaged Judge
25 Adamovic, plus an archivist and other witnesses.
1 You told us that for the following week there is nothing that has
2 been envisaged, so between the 14th and the 21st of June, what's happening
3 during that week? That's what I'm wondering.
4 Now, as to the following week, to next week, if we don't manage
5 to complete the videotapes by the end of the day today, of course we shall
6 continue on Monday, during our Monday hearing. Now, if we do get through
7 all the videotapes today, then we won't be sitting from Monday to Friday,
8 if you say there are no witnesses. But what happens with the week after?
9 You didn't indicate anything. Theoretically speaking, it should have been
10 the witnesses we mentioned yesterday, and I don't want to say anything
11 about that in open session.
12 So I'm going to give you the floor again with respect to planning
13 and scheduling, in view of the fact that we have no hearings next week
14 because there are no witnesses, unless we continue with our business on
15 Monday, not having finished today. Now, the Court witnesses come the
16 following week, and afterwards the archivist and Mr. Adamovic and perhaps
17 some other witnesses too. Is that what we can expect and understand? And
18 in the list you have not included your -- Mr. Tauru for the famous
20 MR. MUNDIS: Mr. President, by our estimate, we have remaining
21 between 8 and 12 witnesses to testify in total. That includes the Court
22 witness, two to three archivists, Judge Adamovic, Mika Tauru, the two
23 witnesses who were the subject of the videolink decision, one or perhaps
24 two witnesses yet to be determined who will address the issue of orders,
25 transmission of orders, delegation of authority, et cetera, which the
1 Chamber has ordered us to produce. I failed to mention that we have
2 requested the Bosnian government to assist us in that endeavour, and we
3 have yet to receive a response from them.
4 As Your Honour knows, we have also previously indicated that we
5 will be making an application to add one witness in the form of the
6 investigative team leader, who will testify about efforts undertaken to
7 obtain certain records that would be of assistance or could be relevant to
8 these proceedings. That witness has yet to finalise his statement
9 primarily because he is currently in Bosnia undertaking efforts that will
10 be the subject of his proposed testimony.
11 So what we would propose, Mr. President, is that in the week
12 following the Court witness, that is, the week of the 21st, we will have
13 the two to three archivists, Judge Adamovic, and perhaps, if time permits,
14 because he normally is here in the building, our investigative team
15 leader, who of course can be called on short notice because he works here
16 in the building.
17 Then the following week, being the week of the 28th, we hopefully
18 will be in a position to call Mr. Tauru, and hopefully by that point in
19 time the issue concerning one of the videolink witnesses might be
20 resolved. We will, of course, endeavour to bring those witnesses here, if
21 their medical conditions permit, by the end of this month; if not, we will
22 have to revisit the issue of the videolinks, and then of course the one or
23 two witnesses pursuant to the Trial Chamber's order concerning the issuing
24 of orders within the ABiH.
25 So it is possible that with a bit of good luck, in terms of
1 witness availability, and moving as expeditiously as possible, that we may
2 be in a position whereby the week of the 28th of June would be the final
3 witnesses for the Prosecution.
4 As Your Honours are well aware, the Prosecution position is that
5 we are not in a position to close our case until the issue of the
6 contested documents has been resolved. I don't anticipate there being any
7 change in that position. So that if we finish with witnesses by, say, the
8 2nd of July, we would then be waiting a Trial Chamber decision on the
9 admissibility of the contested documents, and that would be the only thing
10 that would be hindering us from closing our case at that -- at that point.
11 That's about as much information as I'm able to provide, Your
12 Honours, at this point in time, but we are hopeful that we will be able to
13 complete the oral testimony of the witnesses by the week of the 28th of
14 June or perhaps into the -- the first few days of the following week.
15 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. Thank you for those
17 You also said, as far as the telephone intercepts were concerned,
18 that you would disclose the missing documents next week; that is to say,
19 the missing transcripts in both languages.
20 With regard to the documents, you said that you are establishing
21 a spreadsheet, that you are drawing up a spreadsheet and you would provide
22 us with it in the near future.
23 As far as the orders are concerned, you said that you had
24 contacted the BH government in order to obtain information about how
25 within the BH army orders might be transmitted. To this effect, you said
12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and
13 English transcripts.
1 that the Trial Chamber had requested that a witness be called who could
2 inform the Chamber about how orders were transmitted in the field and so
3 that he could inform the Chamber of all technical issues. You said that
4 you have examined this question. According to your calculations, with
5 regard to the 600 documents -- there are about 600 documents that could be
6 dealt with through this witness, if you find this witness. You said that
7 there are about 163 documents too, but only certain witnesses could
8 testify with regard to one document. You have, on the other hand, one
9 witness who could authenticate 130 documents. That's what you said.
10 But you also raised another issue, and you said that this member
11 of the military, who would come to testify here, could be considered as a
12 Defence witness, in your opinion. As a result, you have proposed two
13 solutions: Either we should hear an analyst from the OTP, or we should
14 call this witness after all. I'd like to point out that when a witness
15 makes the solemn declaration, he becomes a witness for the Court and that
16 changes many things. The witness we are requesting is one we would like
17 not to ask him questions -- one we would like to have not to ask him
18 questions about the substance but about orders. We would like to know how
19 orders are made, how they are sent; we would like to know who received the
20 orders; we'd like to know whether there were faxes, whether couriers were
21 used to transmit orders or electronic means. There's an entire series of
22 purely technical questions, and this would not make it necessary for the
23 witness to side with the Defence or the Prosecution, because this witness
24 would only be answering questions of a technical nature, and this is why
25 the question as to whether the witness might be one for the Defence, in my
1 opinion, is not a question that should prevent us from calling a member of
2 the military to testify about the procedure followed.
3 Naturally, you will continue to work on this matter. We, the
4 Judges, will discuss it and bear in mind the fact that you have suggested
5 that an analyst be called rather than a witness; although in its oral
6 decision the Trial Chamber wanted a member of the military to testify.
7 We'll bear in mind what you have said, and the Judges will discuss the
8 matter. Naturally, within the framework of the adversarial proceedings,
9 the Trial Chamber would also like to hear what the Defence's position is.
10 I will let the Defence take the floor, unless there is something
11 that Mr. Mundis would like to add.
12 Mr. Mundis.
13 MR. MUNDIS: Thank you, Mr. President.
14 Let me just attempt to clarify one point where perhaps earlier I
15 may have misspoken or may not have made myself clear.
16 There are two distinct issues that are involved with respect to
17 the authentication of the documents: The first one is the ABiH commander
18 or senior military officer who could testify about the orders, how they
19 were transmitted, and those type of technical issues. That's who the
20 Prosecution has sought the assistance of the Bosnian government, simply
21 based on the outstanding protocols whereby any currently serving member of
22 the Army of Bosnia-Herzegovina or any government official, we must go
23 through the Bosnian government prior to directly contacting such
24 individuals. That issue is, the Prosecution would submit, a separate
25 issue from the witnesses who could authenticate all of the documents, and
1 it's with respect to the authenticating witnesses that we have identified
2 163 people, which is clearly an excessive number, and it was with respect
3 to that portion that one of our proposals that we will submit next week
4 might be for an analyst within the Office of the Prosecutor to discuss.
5 We're not varying or seeking variation of your order that we call in
6 addition to that a senior member of the ABiH to explain technical issues
7 concerning orders. We clearly make a distinction between those two
8 things. It's with respect to solving the problem of avoiding 163
9 witnesses having to come in, of whom 105 would only be able to
10 authenticate one document. That's what we clearly are not going to be
11 able to do. And it's with respect to that that we will be making some
12 proposals next week that will include having an analyst or analysts
13 testify in court about the conclusions that they have reached based on
14 their professional training as analysts in evaluating the contested
15 documents and putting those documents into the context of other events
16 that have happened and the evidence that's currently before Your Honours.
17 So if I wasn't clear before, Mr. President, we are clearly making
18 a distinction between those two different, very different types of
19 evidence, one concerning authentication and one concerning the technical
20 issues of how orders were transmitted, delegation authorities, et cetera,
21 that was clearly set forth in the Chamber's oral order of 17 May.
22 Thank you.
23 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. Mundis, for
24 these explanations.
25 I'll now turn to the Defence to hear what their position is with
1 regard to all the issues that Mr. Mundis has discussed.
2 MR. BOURGON: [Interpretation] Good day, Mr. President. Good day,
3 Madam Judge. Good day, Your Honour.
4 The Defence's comments will be quite brief. First of all, I'd
5 like to thank my colleague from the Prosecution for all the information
6 that he has just provided us with, with all the information about what the
7 Trial Chamber requested that he do with regard to the admissibility of
9 The only issue I'd like to raise concerns the authentication of
10 documents and the number of witnesses that the Prosecution said should be
11 called to authenticate documents. The Defence doesn't want to cause any
12 difficulties. We would like to facilitate the Prosecution's work. We
13 suggest that we meet members of the Prosecution as soon as possible in
14 order to try and find a solution so that we can facilitate the
15 proceedings, and naturally in doing so we will try to defend the accused's
16 rights. So we suggest that we do this as soon as possible.
17 Thank you, Mr. President.
18 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. Bourgon.
19 And the other Defence team, Mr. Dixon.
20 MR. DIXON: Thank you, Your Honours.
21 Your Honours, on the point of the documents that were submitted
22 with the accused's signatures on, I did want to indicate for the record
23 that there's no objection to those documents being formally tendered. And
24 indeed, Your Honours will know when we were discussing the documents, we
25 did indicate on behalf of Mr. Kubura what his signature was on one of the
1 documents, so there's no dispute about this matter.
2 Then the other matter, Your Honours, is just with regard to
3 the -- the scheduling. If there are no witnesses available for next week,
4 we would request that the Prosecution seek as soon as possible - and I
5 know, of course, they will do this - to provide statements for the
6 witnesses who are to come the week thereafter and after that, so that the
7 time can be used, especially if the documents need to be translated, to
8 prepare for -- for those witnesses, because these would all be new
9 statements that we will be getting from the Prosecution.
10 Thank you, Your Honours.
11 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. Mundis [sic].
12 With regard to all the issues raised by the Prosecution, the
13 Defence said that on the whole they were glad to receive the information
14 provided by the Prosecution.
15 Mr. Bourgon said that as far as the authenticity of documents are
16 concerned - and naturally, he said he didn't want to obstruct the
17 proceedings but would nevertheless like to defend the accused's rights -
18 Mr. Bourgon said he would like to meet with the Prosecution in order to
19 find a solution to the question of authenticity and the question of a
20 witness who might be able to come to authenticate the documents.
21 Naturally, the Trial Chamber supports this suggestion if a consensus can
22 be reached by the parties.
23 In addition, the Defence said that they would like to have by the
24 21st of June the written statements in order to be able to prepare for the
25 testimony of these witnesses. We have more or less dealt with all these
2 Mr. Mundis, would you like to take the floor again? But I should
3 point out that after the break, we will render our decision on the
4 question of the admissibility of the two files that relate to the
5 signatures of the accused.
6 Mr. Mundis, is there anything you would like to say in response
7 to what Defence counsel has just said?
8 MR. MUNDIS: Mr. President, with respect to witness statements,
9 we of course will make those available as soon as we have them. The
10 current plan is for Ms. Benjamin to return to The Hague this weekend. I
11 would expect, therefore, certainly some witness statements, additional
12 witness statements, will be available perhaps as early as late Monday.
13 We, of course, have to enter them into our evidence system before they can
14 be disclosed, but we can certainly expedite that process, and I would
15 anticipate that by Tuesday of next week at the latest there should be some
16 statements available pertaining to the witnesses that would be coming the
17 week of the 21st.
18 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Yes. Just -- there's just
19 something else I would like to add. I forgot to mention something. This
20 is something that the Defence missed.
21 You suggested to have a chief of investigations come to testify.
22 This witness would testify about investigations independently of
23 Mr. Tauru. Naturally, this seems very suitable for the Chamber, if an
24 investigator comes to say how he worked, if he says what the mission he
25 had was, if he told us how the statements were taken, and if we can be
1 told why the documents weren't tendered with the written statements, given
2 that they were original documents. There is an entire series of questions
3 that could be raised in the course of such testimony.
4 As far as calling a chief of investigations is concerned, what is
5 the Defence's position, who will naturally be able to cross-examine this
6 witness? Mr. Bourgon.
7 MR. BOURGON: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
8 This naturally depends on the contents of the investigator's
9 statement. If we had his statement, we would know the points -- the
10 issues about which he would like to testify.
11 But there's the question of documents. My colleague mentioned
12 that the chief of investigations was in Bosnia in order to prepare
13 testimony. I don't know whether the chief of investigations is searching
14 for new documents or not, but if there are new documents that might be
15 produced by this witness, we would like to be informed about this as soon
16 as possible. Perhaps I have misunderstood this, but the fact that he is
17 in Bosnia to prepare his testimony might mean that he is searching for new
19 Thank you, Mr. President.
20 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Mr. Dixon, as far as the chief
21 of investigations is concerned.
22 MR. DIXON: Your Honour, this may assist in clarifying the origin
23 of many of these documents. But as Mr. Bourgon said, it depends entirely
24 on what the investigator does know and what he's able to put in a
1 If such a statement is being prepared - and I understand it is
2 along similar lines - it's then a matter that the Defence can review. But
3 our position would remain that with regard to the documents themselves,
4 especially the internal military documents, that we do need witnesses who
5 can authenticate the origin of those documents, as Your Honours have
6 ordered. A investigator statement might go some way to addressing that
8 Thank you, Your Honours.
9 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Yes. As far as this issue is
10 concerned, the Defence has mentioned two problems, which are important
11 ones. First of all, would this investigator testify within the framework
12 of a previous statement that he would have made? And naturally, such
13 statement should be provided to the Defence so that they can examine it.
14 But the second problem, which is also important, is would this
15 investigator be used by the Prosecution to tender new documents? The
16 Trial Chamber would like more information with regard to all these
18 Mr. Mundis.
19 MR. MUNDIS: Mr. President, Your Honours, the investigation team
20 leader is currently in Bosnia with an investigative team, again going
21 through court records and district military prosecutor's records in order
22 to hopefully satisfy the Chamber that steps were not taken by units of the
23 3rd Corps to punish the perpetrators of the crimes that are set forth in
24 the indictment. So the point is not for the investigator to return with a
25 large number of documents but precisely the opposite.
1 The team that is currently searching through, again, the court
2 archives is attempting to demonstrate that there are no such records
3 pertaining to the crimes that are set forth in the Third Amended
4 Indictment. The subject matter of that proposed testimony would be to the
5 effect that teams of investigators have again gone through the court
6 records, and there are no records indicating that the crimes in the Third
7 Amended Indictment were the subject of referrals by the 3rd Corps or its
8 subordinate units. So it's not a question of coming back with additional
9 documents; it's a question of testifying as to the lack thereof.
10 Once that mission is complete, the investigative team leader will
11 compile or finalise a statement that will set forth for Your Honours all
12 the efforts made by the Office of the Prosecutor with respect to that
13 issue, and he will then be made available to testify and answer questions
14 of the Defence and the Trial Chamber with respect to those efforts.
15 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] If the Trial Chamber has
16 understood this correctly, the investigation team leader is now in Bosnia
17 and Herzegovina with his team, and he's in contact with various courts,
18 military or civilian courts, from the time in order -- he's consulting
19 archives in order to verify whether any procedures were followed that
20 might support what is stated in the amended indictment. And having
21 completed his work, the investigator would be called, and in the course of
22 an examination-in-chief you'd question the witness about his work and the
23 conclusions he reached. This is what you have told us.
24 Having heard those explanations, I will give the floor to the
25 Defence again.
1 MR. BOURGON: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
2 Naturally, the Defence isn't surprised to hear that the
3 Prosecution is following this method, because not long ago they admitted
4 all the measures that were taken in the 3rd Corps with regard to a
5 multitude of events in 1993. So now we're looking for exceptions rather
6 than the rule. So we can understand the position of the OTP.
7 Nevertheless, we would like to underline the fact that by
8 carrying out such searches, any documents of an exculpatory nature for the
9 accused or any documents that might diminish evidence of the Prosecution
10 should be provided to us in accordance with the Rule, and according to
11 what the Prosecution has said, it is our understanding that a number of
12 documents could be provided to us on the basis of the Rules of Procedure
13 and Evidence.
14 Thank you, Mr. President.
15 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Mr. Dixon.
16 MR. DIXON: Thank you, Your Honours. I think there are two
17 separate matters here, Your Honour. The one is the investigator looking
18 at measures. And I understand there will be a statement produced along
19 those lines and an application to add that witness to the witness list.
20 And once that happens, then the Defence can respond to that new statement,
21 and as Your Honours say, if the witness is to be called, cross-examine the
22 witness on that point.
23 The other matter is whether an investigator or analyst would be
24 called to assist in the authentication of the documents, and on that point
25 my submission earlier was that our position remains that the witnesses who
1 were actually involved in the production and distribution of those
2 documents should be called as the best evidence available. But an
3 investigator or analyst may be able to assist, depending on what's in his
4 statement with the authentication process, and we have to wait to see what
5 the Prosecution proposal is before we respond to that.
6 Thank you, Your Honours.
7 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you.
8 In the light of what the Defence has just said, there is one
9 issue that stands out; it was mentioned by Mr. Bourgon. If this
10 investigator came across documents of an exculpatory nature for the
11 accused, in such a case the Prosecution should disclose these documents to
12 the Defence, pursuant to Rule 68. That's what was said.
13 Mr. Mundis, what could you tell the Defence about this matter?
14 What could you tell them about what would happen if the investigator
15 discovered material of an exculpatory nature?
16 MR. MUNDIS: Mr. President, there is -- there is no doubt such
17 material would in fact be disclosed to the Defence. And I neglected to
18 mention that earlier.
19 Let me also say in this respect that later this morning the
20 Prosecution will be seeking specific information from the Defence with
21 respect to potential Rule 68 material. And I have a letter that I will be
22 handing to both Defence counsel later this morning, perhaps during the
23 first break, that specifically addresses this issue, which is not one that
24 was unanticipated or certainly is one that we anticipated in this context.
25 And so we are actually seeking some assistance from the Defence in order
1 to actively search for material that might fall within Rule 68. But
2 certainly anything that comes within our possession will be disclosed to
3 the Defence as quickly as possible.
4 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you for these
6 The Defence will consult with the Prosecution about the matter.
7 We've spent almost an hour on dealing with these problems. We
8 could perhaps continue with the viewing of the videotapes.
9 I'll give the floor to the Prosecution now. You may take the
11 MR. MUNDIS: Thank you, Mr. President.
12 With your leave, Mr. Ruxton will now depart the courtroom, and I
13 will once again turn over the presentation of the videos to my colleague,
14 Mr. Neuner.
15 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Mr. Neuner, you may take the
16 floor. The Trial Chamber greets you.
17 MR. NEUNER: Good morning, Your Honours. Good morning, Defence
18 counsel and everybody in and around the courtroom.
19 I want to start by distributing the -- a list containing the
20 order of sequences which will be displayed. If I may ask the usher.
21 We have also, I hope, enough copies for the translators.
22 What Your Honours can see from this order list is the following:
23 That we are continuing with showing a video which we couldn't see
24 yesterday afternoon, and I want your -- I want to point your attention to
25 point 5 here on the list. This is a video about which we talked with the
1 Defence this morning again. This is the video with the ERN number
2 V0003971. It is a video which is about detention facilities in
3 Bosnia-Herzegovina allegedly held by -- or allegedly run by the ABiH or
4 associate forces. Basically it's a compilation of footage taken on the --
5 in April 2002 by Marinus Dorrestijn, who helped the Office of the
6 Prosecutor in shooting footage about all of the detention facilities
7 listed in the indictment; namely, relating to paragraph 28, paragraph 41
8 till 43 of the indictment.
9 This videotape, which would have 97 minutes of footage about the
10 detention facility, we agreed with the Defence that the audio of this tape
11 would be removed, and therefore under the condition that we say it was
12 taken in April 2002, we agreed that it is not necessary to show this video
13 in its entirety in the courtroom.
14 [Prosecution counsel confer]
15 MR. NEUNER: I can also inform Your Honours that the stills which
16 were shown to numerous witnesses by the Prosecution in the course of these
17 proceedings were always taken from this video.
18 On the video itself, when the individual detention facilities are
19 shown, there is also a kind of display, a kind of name what detention
20 facility it relates to, so that the Defence pointed that out, it is not
21 necessary to have the audio, which would also explain what detention
22 facility it is, and we agreed to remove the audio in order to tender it
23 this way so that we don't have to screen it this morning.
24 If I may move on. Under point 5.1, on the bottom of the page
25 which was just distributed, this is another video which comes from the
1 reserve list, and for the time being it is still on the reserve list.
2 This is the video with the ERN number V0004306. This video carries also
3 the PT number 1138, or the P number 63. This is a video shown to Nenad
4 Bogeljic, the witness Nenad Bogeljic, on the 28th of January of this year,
5 transcript pages 2.123 for following.
6 I checked the transcript yesterday, and Mr. Bogeljic had
7 identified four persons who received beatings in Motel Sretno prior to
8 20th of May, 1993, so four of the numerous persons or victims shown on
9 this tape have been identified already as having been in the Motel Sretno,
10 and I -- or the Prosecution wishes to leave it to Your Honours whether you
11 wish to see this video in its entirety, which is 62 minutes in its
12 duration, or the relevant excerpt would be 62 minutes in its duration; the
13 whole video would be two hours, nine minutes, but the selected relevant
14 portion would be 62 minutes. However, the Prosecution wishes to state
15 that the victims are also interviewed on this tape, and for this reason we
16 have for the time being left it on the reserve list, because there would
17 be no possibility for the Defence to cross-examine the other victims shown
18 on this tape.
19 If I can seek guidance from Your Honour in relation to this tape.
20 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] We will tell you after the
21 break what our decision will be.
22 Now, with respect to the reserve video lasting 62 minutes, you
23 say, what is the position of the Defence on that particular videotape?
24 MR. BOURGON: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
25 With respect to your first question, I would rather cede the
1 floor to my colleague representing Mr. Kubura. But I would like to make
2 certain comments with respect to the number 5 exhibit which was mentioned,
3 and we wanted to know whether that will -- exhibit will be tendered, the
4 videotape concerning the places and different places in
5 Bosnia-Herzegovina. But we should also like to mention that it is a
6 videotape which was taped in the year 2001 and that that particular
7 videotape has nothing to do with the situation and state of affairs which
8 existed in those facilities in 1993. The facilities were clearly
9 identified on that videotape, and the Trial Chamber will be able to see,
10 for example, that if a videotape is mentioned, if it was taken, that then
11 the videotape shows the name of the facility as well. And my learned
12 colleague mentioned the detention facilities. But we would like to speak
13 about the other facilities that the witnesses mentioned during their
14 testimony here possibly, and it is up to the Trial Chamber to decide how
15 they're going to characterise those locations and facilities that we can
16 see on the footage.
17 But the essential point, Your Honours, is that the agreement
18 reached between the Defence and Prosecution has to do to the audiotapes --
19 or rather, the soundtrack, the comments accompanying the videotape. And
20 we have proceeded in a similar fashion before when we had videotapes on
21 which we were able to see the consequences of the abduction of Mr. Totic,
22 and the Prosecution accepted that the soundtrack be removed. So we had
23 nothing against having the images exhibited, and we did so in a similar
24 case. So there have been cases of this kind when we object to the
25 acceptability of certain videotapes, apart from the fact that the witness
1 was already before the Trial Chamber. We were not able to cross-examine
2 him about his conception of the videotapes.
3 Then the comment that was heard in our opinion is usually the
4 main obstacle to having the tape exhibited, tendered and accepted into
6 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Mr. Dixon, thank you. Let's
7 hear you.
8 MR. DIXON: Thank you, Your Honours.
9 With respect to videotape number 5, Your Honours, the problem
10 with the audio was that there was a lot of commentary and interpretation
11 of events, and that, as Your Honour knows, is a matter that we have
12 objected to, and the Prosecution have agreed to remove those -- those
13 comments, and it's for that reason that there's no objection to the video
14 therefore being tendered with only the images, as Mr. Bourgon has said.
15 It's a matter for Your Honours whether it's necessary, therefore, to view
16 it all in public or whether that could be viewed out of court, if it is
17 then tendered into -- to evidence.
18 Your Honours, in respect of the final video, 5.1, I understand
19 that this is the entire video of which certain excerpts have already been
20 admitted into evidence, without any sound, and that was done in order,
21 once again, to avoid the commentary being made.
22 Our position would be that the Defence had the opportunity
23 then -- sorry, the Prosecution had the opportunity then, if they wanted to
24 introduce any further portions of the video, to do that through that
25 witness or other witnesses, and that the balance of the video should not,
1 therefore, now be admitted, certainly if it contains scenes of interviews
2 with witnesses where we are not going to have an opportunity to -- to
3 cross-examine those witnesses.
4 So in our submission, the relevant portions, according to the
5 Prosecution, have been admitted already through a witness, and the rest of
6 the video should -- should not be admitted, and there's no need therefore
7 to show it if it contains scenes with commentary and interviews that it's
8 going to be impossible for the Defence to test at this stage.
9 Thank you, Your Honours.
10 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Yes. As concerns the reserve
11 video, was this video on the list of exhibits, contested exhibits, or is
12 it a video -- an additional video that was not on the original list that
13 was contested? I'd like to hear your positions on that point. And if it
14 was on the list, what was its number?
15 MR. NEUNER: Your Honours, like all the videos, also this video
16 has been contested, and it has the contested number 407. The pre-trial
17 number is 1138.
18 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Yes. I did check that out just
19 now, and the number is 407. That's quite right. It was PTW 1113. But
20 anyway, thank you for clearing that point up.
21 We still have 20 minutes left. Can we go ahead with the short
23 MR. NEUNER: Yes, Your Honour. The next tape -- or an excerpt
24 from the next tape has been shown yesterday already, so I will reduce the
25 background information on this videotape because it has been given already
2 The ERN number of the tape is V0002401. For the translators, a
3 summary translation is contained in tab number 19 of the binder. 15
4 minutes -- we should be able to see the 15 minutes of the second excerpt,
5 running from 26 minutes up to 41 minutes 20 of this tape. It shows the
6 exchange of Mr. Totic, on the one hand side, and of the Mujahedin, on the
7 other hand side, in Zenica, and at the beginning also some footage of the
8 Mujahedin which are being brought to the exchange is being shown.
9 The tape will be played now.
10 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Yes. We have 15 minutes, so
11 that makes everything fine.
12 [Videotape played]
13 THE INTERPRETER: [Voiceover] What are you going to say when you
14 come to Zenica about the behaviour of these --
15 Blazo, bring it over here.
16 Are they going to come here again?
17 You wait. Wait for a while. Don't go yet. Wait.
18 Close the door.
19 Did they admit --
21 Did they admit they were guilty?
22 Stay away from the window so that they cannot see us. Keep quiet.
23 It's not on now.
24 Listen, bring me a battery. Only, take it easy so they do not see
25 what you're carrying.
1 [Arabic spoken]
2 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. The videotape --
3 the impression we gain from viewing the videotape is the following: It
4 would appear that we have a juxtaposition of sequences coming from
5 different sources, a compilation. The first source -- in the first
6 sequence, we see the Mujahedin being detained in a place with agents --
7 with guards present. It says, "HVO Dom." We see that. And we see the
8 individuals wearing white jogging attire coming out of their cells, so
9 they are being held in a facility with cells, in a building with cells.
10 And we see that they are speaking amongst themselves. They don't seem to
11 be particularly anxious. And then we see the arrival of a white truck or
13 Then we see a sequence where they are arriving at some other
14 location, and there is some Red Cross vehicles there as well as some blue
16 After that, we see another sequence, another passage, which shows
17 that it is a compilation, a collage. We see Commander Totic, embracing
18 certain individuals, probably family members, and he is getting into a
19 Red Cross vehicle.
20 And then the third excerpt has a commentary in Arabic. And
21 although we do not understand Arabic, I was able to distinguish very
22 precisely the following words: "Croatia, Zenica, commander," et cetera,
23 in Arabic. And we see on the sequence a logo; it says, "QP." It is the
24 logo on the left, so it's probably the channel broadcasting this excerpt
25 or the producer.
1 We see a number of events taking place before our eyes. First of
2 all, we see Commander Totic with some soldiers around him. Then there is
3 a sequence where we see some Mujahedin -- hostages with the Mujahedin
4 surrounded and they're entering a building -- or rather, the hotel
5 building, and we see the hostages getting into the vehicle with Totic and
6 being taken off somewhere where they'll be freed.
7 Then we have another sequence, where we see the soldiers dressed
8 in battle dress, and we see very distinctly a lance rocket insignia [as
9 interpreted]. This is visible. And we also see UN vehicles which took
10 part in the exchange. They took part in an active fashion. And we see
11 the alleged freeing of the Mujahedin, and they're all displaying their
12 happiness, and it is part of the sequence we saw yesterday.
13 So that in the roughest of terms is what we were able to see
14 viewing the videotape, and it incorporated a number of elements.
15 Would the Defence like to say anything for a few minutes before
16 the break, or would you prefer to do it after the break?
17 MR. BOURGON: [Interpretation] Perhaps five minutes,
18 Mr. President.
19 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. We'll do that after
20 the break, as it is now time for our break.
21 We'll have our break, and we'll resume at 11.00.
22 --- Recess taken at 10.32 a.m.
23 --- On resuming at 11.05 a.m.
24 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. We'll now resume.
25 But before we start viewing the videos, the Trial Chamber will
1 render a number of decisions that regard various issues.
2 First of all, with regard to the videotape 5.1, the so-called
3 reserve tape, the Trial Chamber believes that it is not necessary to show
4 this tape. The decision concerning the viewing of this videotape will be
5 taken at a later date, but we for the moment are not authorising the
6 broadcasting of this tape.
7 As far as tape 5 is concerned, which relates to the detention
8 facilities, this was a tape made in 2001, the Trial Chamber -- in 2002.
9 The Trial Chamber notes that there was an agreement reached between the
10 Prosecution and the Defence, and they agreed that the tape should be
12 In order to save time, the Trial Chamber believes that it would
13 be best not to show this 97-minute tape. The Trial Chamber will view it
14 themselves. So tape number 5 will not be shown today.
15 In addition, questions about the transcripts of the Dusina and
16 Vares tapes were not dealt with yesterday. These are tapes that were
17 produced in other cases, and their transcripts form part of the record of
18 other cases. At this point in time, the Trial Chamber is of the opinion
19 that the Defence should have these transcripts in their possession, and it
20 is for the Prosecution to provide the Defence with these transcripts.
21 Once the Defence has these transcripts in its possession, they will inform
22 the Trial Chamber of all the questions that arise as a result of an
23 examination of these transcripts, and they will inform the Trial Chamber
24 of the useful questions that they would have put to the witness had the
25 witness been present. Once the Trial Chamber has heard the Defence's
1 point of view and the point of view of the Prosecution in the light of the
2 Defence's comments, the Trial Chamber will then deliberate. The Trial
3 Chamber will then render a ruling.
4 And the last issue I'd like to address: As far as next week is
5 concerned, as we have said, no witnesses have been scheduled for next
6 week, so there won't be any hearings. But given that a number of
7 questions -- a number of issues have to be raised with the Trial Chamber,
8 and in particular the question of the archivists and other problems, the
9 Trial Chamber believes that on Wednesday at 9.00 we should have a hearing.
10 So we will only have a hearing on Wednesday. During this hearing, we'll
11 take stock of the situation and deal with all the issues that have not yet
12 been solved.
13 And finally, the last question that has to be dealt with - and
14 the Trial Chamber has just deliberated about the matter - concerns the
15 signatures. The Trial Chamber has decided to admit into evidence the two
16 files compiled by the Prosecution, who have one file, number 1, which
17 contains documents bearing the original signatures of the accused General
18 Hadzihasanovic. I will now ask the registrar to give us an exhibit number
19 for this document.
20 And the second file contains documents bearing the original
21 signatures of Mr. Kubura. So I will also ask the registrar to provide me
22 with an exhibit number for the second file.
23 I'm going to provide these files to the registrar now, and you
24 will give me exhibit numbers for these files.
25 [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]
1 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] These documents will be given a
2 P number, and in addition they will be under seal.
3 THE REGISTRAR: [Interpretation] Mr. President, the first file
4 that relates to Mr. Hadzihasanovic will be number P113, under seal; and
5 file number 2, which relates to the accused Kubura, the number will be
6 P114, under seal.
7 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] These are then the decisions
8 that the Trial Chamber has rendered.
9 We will now continue with the viewing of the videotapes that
10 remain to be seen and which are referred to in the spreadsheet provided a
11 while ago.
12 Before we do so, the Defence should inform us of their position
13 with regard to the video that we saw before the break.
14 Mr. Bourgon.
15 MR. BOURGON: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
16 The comments concerning the last tape that we viewed -- first of
17 all, my comment concerns an observation of the Trial Chamber about what
18 was seen in the tape. The Trial Chamber noted that we saw Mujahedin in a
19 building which seems to be a place where there were cells. I think it's
20 important to point out, Mr. President, that we don't know whether the
21 people we saw in the video were in fact Mujahedin. We have certain
22 information and evidence concerning these persons, naturally if the
23 individuals we saw are the individuals mentioned by the witnesses in the
24 course of these proceedings. Those would be my preliminary remarks.
25 Mr. President, although we see in the first sequence the inside
1 of a building and then we see the outside and a white van people are
2 entering, although we see this, we don't know where the site is nor do we
3 know who the people are who appear at that site. Similarly, we don't
4 know, as the Trial Chamber has pointed out -- we can't see the guards in
5 charge of these people, if there were any such guards; and also, the
6 question is if there were any guards, the video must have been made with
7 their agreement. So there's a number of questions that haven't been
8 answered, and we only have a minimum of information in relation to the
9 first sequence.
10 As far as the second sequence is concerned, Mr. President, we can
11 see a Red Cross vehicle in the sequence. Naturally, we don't know whether
12 the Red Cross was actually present. We can see some blue helmets, but we
13 do not know where this site is. All we can do is imagine that perhaps
14 this is the site referred to as the site which was one of the meeting
15 places, but we have no information about this.
16 As far as the third site is concerned, naturally the Trial
17 Chamber concluded that we were able to recognise a site in front of a
18 hotel in Zenica. We have already had the opportunity of seeing this site
19 in the past when evidence was presented. But the people we see in the
20 video, yet again there is only one person among them whom we can
21 recognise, and this person is Mr. Totic. Naturally, we can see two
22 individuals dressed in white, which might lead us to believe that these
23 individuals are EU Monitoring Mission representatives, but we do not know
24 their identity.
25 There is perhaps another person that we might think we know; it's
1 the first person who seems to be getting out of a UN vehicle, and this
2 seems to be a person who appears in a photograph that was tendered into
3 evidence through the last witness. Namely -- this would be a Mujahedin.
4 We might think that this person is a Mujahedin.
5 These comments on the third sites in these -- on the three sites
6 in these three sequences show that we don't have enough information to use
7 this video in any way as evidence in these proceedings. Naturally, the
8 question of the source is still one that we have to ask ourselves about.
9 We don't know what the source is; we don't know when it was made; we don't
10 know when the sequences were filmed; we don't know when the video was
11 compiled; and we do not have any witnesses who would be able to come to
12 authenticate this material or to describe at least the scenes depicted in
13 the video. Even the witness Totic, who has testified before this Chamber,
14 was not able to describe anything other than the site where apparently he
15 met people whom he recognised, and he wasn't able to say anything, apart
16 from the time when he was in Zenica. He wasn't able to say anything about
17 people leaving a building to enter a vehicle.
18 As far as the English text is concerned, which we were provided
19 with under tab 19, when comments come from people who are actors in the
20 tape, naturally the Defence can listen to what these people say and they
21 can bear this in mind, but any other comments that appear in the
22 transcript - and for example, in line 37.56 we have a description
23 according to which an EU monitor supervises the transfer of Totic from a
24 Mujahedin vehicle to a UN vehicle - this commentary, Mr. President, is a
25 commentary made by someone whose identity is unknown. Was it by someone
1 from the Prosecution? We do not know how this commentary was added to the
2 line 37.56.
3 And, Mr. President, another comment was added to the tape. It's
4 not even a part of the tape. It seems that they say that there was a
5 Mr. Mahmuljin and Alagic who assisted, who were present at a gathering of
6 Mujahedin, and there were words spoken in Arabic. This part is not part
7 of the video; it's a different sequence. And we don't know why at 48.17,
8 this line, this comment appears. We do not know the source of this
9 comment. And for these reasons, Mr. President, we believe that this is
10 evidence that is being suggested but it does not have sufficient
11 reliability to allow the Judges to draw any conclusions, and it cannot
12 assist the Judges in determining matters that are in dispute in these
14 Thank you, Mr. President.
15 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. Bourgon.
16 The other Defence team.
17 MR. IBRISIMOVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
18 Apart from the comments set forth by Mr. Bourgon, there is
19 nothing we would like to add.
20 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you.
21 Very well. I will give the floor to the Prosecution again, if
22 the Prosecution would like to respond to what the Defence has just stated.
23 The Defence has pointed out that in their opinion nothing in the
24 cassette, nothing in the tape allows one to say that the people we see
25 coming out of this facility, in which there are cells, and the people who
1 are liberated are Mujahedin. That is the Defence's interpretation.
2 Nothing allows us to claim that these individuals are Mujahedin.
3 Would the Prosecution like to respond, or shall we start viewing
4 the next video?
5 MR. NEUNER: Your Honours, I could make a brief comment.
6 First of all, the Prosecution has never alleged that we would
7 know the source, or we have made it quite clear from the beginning that
8 this -- these excerpts just being shown, that we don't know the
10 Since these Mujahedin in the detention facility before the HVO
11 Dom sign is being shown have full beards, it is practically impossible to
12 make a comparison between the stills drawn from the faces when they are in
13 the detention facility and later on at the exchange.
14 With regard to the scene shown from Mr. Totic, the witness Totic
15 has stated that this was at the prisoner exchange or at the way [sic] in
16 the vehicle to the prisoner exchange, which took place in Zenica on the
17 17th of May, 1993. However, during the proofing and before we realised
18 that since he was just part on one side of the exchange, he certainly was
19 not in a position to testify about the other side of the prisoner
20 exchange, meaning the Mujahedin. He even, while the exchange was taking
21 place, was not meeting this group at all. For this reason, we made, while
22 the witness Totic was here in front of Your Honours, we made the decision
23 not to show the full sequence.
24 Finally, I want to say we fully agree with the summary made by
25 Your Honours immediately after the tape has been shown, and we would now
1 proceed with the next video screening.
2 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] We have taken note of what you
3 have just said.
4 Mr. Bourgon.
5 MR. BOURGON: [Interpretation] Mr. President, very briefly.
6 I would just like to point out that as far as the individuals are
7 concerned in the video, if these are people who appear in a photograph,
8 the only witness who was heard before this Chamber was the last witness,
9 who said that these were members of the mission; they weren't Mujahedin,
10 he said. We can say that they appear to be foreigners in Bosnia, but the
11 witness said that they were involved in a mission. He said they weren't
12 Mujahedin. There's a distinction to be made.
13 Mr. President, when Mr. Totic testified, as far as I can
14 remember, he did not mention that before he was liberated he met people
15 close to him, which is in the manner depicted in the cassette. We don't
16 know whether this is the same event or another event.
17 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you for all these
18 explanations provided by both sides, by both parties.
19 We should now continue with the viewing of the videos. I'll give
20 the floor to the Prosecution, who will inform us about the video that we
21 are now going to view.
22 MR. NEUNER: The next sequence is taken from the same tape, so I
23 will not give additional information on the author, the source or
24 submitter of the tape, and the manner in which it was received, because
25 this was done earlier.
1 The sequence is undated, and it is short, about three minutes.
2 The first 30 seconds relate to another excerpt, and basically in the
3 copying process the first 30 seconds were just copied with this as a kind
4 of security matter to -- in order to -- we always start to show a few
5 seconds -- a few seconds before the actual sequence.
6 The video as such is of bad quality. What can be seen on the
7 upper left-hand side is a "QP," a symbol "QP," which is basically the
8 same -- or points to a kind of TV station from the same -- which is --
9 this excerpt is taken from the same excerpt like the previous one. And
10 the Prosecution believes this is the video footage about the Battalion
11 Jihad. There are some flags or a kind of poster shown on which the Arabic
12 word and below in the letters "Battalion Jihad" are written.
13 The sequence will be played now.
14 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you.
15 We'll discuss it later.
16 [Videotape played]
17 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. This tape, which
18 lasts for several minutes, is the continuation of the video that we saw a
19 while ago, since the logo is the same.
20 There is a commentary in Arabic. It's a pity that we didn't have
21 the English translation of this commentary in the Arabic language.
22 We can see some soldiers who apparently don't have any insignia
23 on them. And in one of the first sequences we can see three lines and
24 there are eight men in each line, so there's a minimum of 24 individuals.
25 I counted the number of lines.
1 I heard the word "Mujahedin" in the Arabic language. I would
2 like to draw this to the attention -- I would like to draw your attention
3 to this. If you desire, if the Defence desires that we review the
4 cassette, we can do so. The commentator said the word "Mujahedin."
5 There are a number of benches and tables in the video. This is
6 certainly a place where the people ate. They are lined up in three lines.
7 In each line, there are eight individuals. There are apparently some
8 officers who are observing the -- or other people who are observing them.
9 Then there is a march that is not very organised. The soldiers
10 are marching in all directions and they cry out, et cetera. We can see a
11 sort of a large or long flag with inscriptions which we could not see or
12 read. And we can also see in the background a wood -- a wooden house.
13 That's what we could say about the video we have just seen. Is
14 there anything the Defence would like to say?
15 MR. BOURGON: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
16 The first remark is this: We do not know who the people are whom
17 we see on the videotape. We do not know what the location is. We don't
18 know whether we're in Bosnia or in another country, not even that. And
19 there is a sequence where it seems that there are some superior officers
20 sitting down on a bench looking at something. We can see quite clearly
21 that it is a collage. Now, whether they were facing the three columns or
22 whether they were somewhere else, we can't tell.
23 The word "Mujahedin" was heard in the commentary in Arabic. Now,
24 the word "Mujahedin" is applied almost everywhere in the world and there
25 are Mujahedins everywhere, so where this was, we still don't know. It was
1 no indication.
2 Then there was the flag. We saw something that looked
3 like "Jihad." Of course, Jihads are waged all over the world, so that
4 doesn't point to the exact location either. And in the absence of a
5 witness to explain to us what this is all about, the Defence really
6 doesn't see how this video can be useful to the Chamber at all, to help
7 you decide and reach your decisions.
8 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. Bourgon.
9 What about the other Defence lawyers. Mr. Ibrisimovic?
10 MR. IBRISIMOVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. Chairman.
11 Mr. President, we have no further comments.
12 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. Would the
13 Prosecution like to respond to the remarks made by the Defence, with
14 respect to the fact that there's no date, there's no location cited, and
15 all the other incertitudes that were quoted?
16 MR. NEUNER: Your Honours, the Prosecution could proceed as such
17 that we view the next and even the following sequence, which are more or
18 less drawn from the same event. The next sequence is a little bit longer.
19 This sequence was just two minutes, and the next is about five minutes.
20 It's of worse condition. However, it shows, again, the flag. And the
21 third sequence is also drawn from the same event. We could also make a
22 comment now, but we could reserve it for later.
23 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Well, if you group your
24 comments in a general manner, we can hear them after the sequences.
25 MR. NEUNER: So we are continuing. The next videotape is
1 V0001737. As I said, it's the longest sequence, running from one hour
2 30 minutes till one hour 35 minutes, about five minutes from a tape which
3 has a duration of two hours and 43 minutes.
4 I also said it had a bad or worse image, a bad image. At the
5 beginning, we have, again, the previous -- previous footage about other
6 events. We see, again, these soldiers, eight soldiers standing next to
7 each other, but the relevant sequence is the event, where again the flag
8 is being shown.
9 The submitter of -- okay, the author of this tape is also
10 unknown. It was submitted to us by Bozo Pavlovic. And we will show the
11 video now.
12 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well.
13 [Videotape played]
14 [Arabic spoken]
15 THE INTERPRETER: [Voiceover] The future is uncertain.
16 People from the whole world have united.
17 We are extreme. We are extremists.
18 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] This part of the tape follows on
19 from the videotape that we saw a moment ago, with the same people present.
20 We can see a banner where it says "Brigada Jihad," that is
21 legible, "Brigada Jihad" on the banner. And then there is a speech being
22 delivered by someone. We don't know who that someone is, of course. Is it
23 a religious leader? Is it a military leader or somebody else? We cannot
24 know that.
25 Facing the soldiers who could be new recruits or young recruits
1 there are other people sitting down, some of them in military uniform, and
2 everybody is listening to a speech being delivered.
3 As to the location, we can see that behind the location there is
4 a hill and there are trees on the hill. It is not winter; that is
5 obvious. Maybe it is spring and maybe it is summer, but certainly not
6 winter and certainly not autumn.
7 So those are basically the observations that one can make having
8 viewed that excerpt.
9 Mr. Bourgon, would you like to make your observations at this
11 MR. BOURGON: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
12 Just very rapidly. What we can see having seen the videotape:
13 It is a collage, once again, a compilation of different scenes, a
14 juxtaposition. So that conclusion is drawn on the fact that there are a
15 certain number of people in one sequence and then more people in this
16 following one or less people in the following. There are certain people
17 in uniform towards the end who weren't there at the beginning. So we
18 don't know whether it was the same meeting or a different rally. But once
19 again, we can't say who the people are or who the people are declaring
20 themselves as extremists, and we don't know at what point in time the
21 meeting is taking place. Is it prior to the period mentioned in the
22 indictment, after it, during it, or whatever? We have no clue as to that,
23 Mr. President.
24 Thank you.
25 MR. IBRISIMOVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
1 Just a comment I would like to make. The Prosecution said there
2 were banners where it says "Jihad." We could see -- he called them flags,
3 but we can see that it is just a white sheet held by two or three
4 individuals and that on it it says "Jihad Brigade," as you yourself,
5 Mr. President, rightly noted a moment ago.
6 Thank you.
7 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you.
8 Let's continue. And the Prosecution will give us its global
9 response, general -- in general terms.
10 MR. NEUNER: Your Honours, the next excerpt is taken from the
11 videotape V0003764. This is an excerpt from the full tape called "Martyrs
12 of Bosnia, Part 1." We have made additional efforts to try and identify
13 the originator, or at least the distributor of this tape. We could make
14 this information available if Your Honour is interested in it.
15 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] I think the best thing we can
16 do is to view the excerpt first, and then we'll see later on what we --
17 what needs clarifying.
18 MR. NEUNER: The sequence will be played now.
19 [Videotape played]
20 THE NARRATOR: [In English] Wahiudeen, Mutazu Billah, and
21 Husaamudeen, went to Bosnia to initiate the Jihad efforts there. Wahiudeen
22 met Sheikh Abu Abdul Aziz Azeez [phoen] in Bosnia. Abu Abdul Aziz gave
23 Wahiudeen responsibility for the military operations of the Mujahedin, due
24 to what was known of his ability and experience in this field. He began
25 to think about how to undertake and carry out the Jihad in Bosnia, through
1 an organisation controlled by the Sharia, and by the fact that he was one
2 of those holding a position of responsibility in the Mujahedin Battalion.
3 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. That was a very
4 brief excerpt in which we could see and hear the commander, Egyptian
5 commander, Wahiudeen, and he was extolling the name of a combatant, a
6 martyr. We saw his photograph, his picture, and we were able to observe
7 that there were certain persons sitting down on benches, and we were
8 wondering whether those are the same benches we saw in the previous
9 sequence. Perhaps the Prosecution will tell us about that. But as we saw
10 people sitting down on benches, we felt we had seen the benches
12 The excerpt was very short. And having said that, Mr. Bourgon,
13 would you like to make any comments?
14 MR. BOURGON: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
15 First of all, the comments I would like to make would be with
16 regard to the additional evidence made by my learned colleague of the
17 Prosecution. We were given the information by the Prosecution this
18 morning concerning the tape itself, and we think that that type of
19 information comes under evidence and that it cannot just be supplied in
20 that way by the Prosecution. If the Prosecution would like to discuss the
21 material they handed over to us this morning, we would have other comments
22 to make.
23 Once again, all I can say is we don't know who the people on the
24 video are, we do not know if the shots of the two people - one with the
25 name Wahiudeen; the other man does not have a name - whether -- where they
1 are. We do indeed see benches, and we are ready to accept that they were
2 the same benches from another sequence, from the previous sequence. But
3 once again, where are we? Who are these people? And what is the date?
4 Thank you, Mr. President.
5 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. The rest of the
6 Defence counsel.
7 MR. IBRISIMOVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President. We
8 have no comments.
9 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Fine.
10 Now, the Prosecution has indicated that since yesterday you
11 engaged in some research, and it would appear that within limits, within
12 certain frameworks, you are able to be more specific and give us the
13 specifics about who made the video or any other useful information. So
14 the Defence has just said that it would also like to present its
15 viewpoint, which is quite legitimate and normal.
16 But having said that, would the Prosecution like to tell us
17 anything more, give us some more elements about the videotape?
18 MR. NEUNER: Your Honours, just a question of clarification. You
19 want to have more elements about the videotape as such or about the
20 potential source, originator, or distributor? I didn't understand
22 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] If the Defence contests the
23 videotapes founded upon the fact that we don't know the source, we do not
24 know who produced it, et cetera, so anything that you could tell us on
25 that would just help and be of assistance to the Chamber to decide whether
1 they can be tendered into evidence or not. So if you do know any of these
2 elements and can tell us, please do so. The Defence will respond, and
3 then we will weigh up the opinions presented by the two sides and make our
4 own ruling as to admissibility.
5 MR. NEUNER: So, Your Honours, I will then start with some
6 general remarks and talk, then, briefly about the potential source,
7 originator, or distributor of the last excerpt, the last tape which was
8 shown. Did I understand this order correctly, that you want to proceed in
9 this order? Thank you.
10 Just generally, at this point in time the Prosecution is not in a
11 position to state the exact location. The Prosecution is also not in a
12 position to give the exact date. The Prosecution believes it is a
13 gathering in 1993, probably in August or September 1993. The reason for
14 this is that the commander, Wahiudeen, which is identified or encircled in
15 the last sequence, died subsequently, as Your Honours have heard yesterday
16 in the -- from the -- during the broadcasting of the tape V0003764, one --
17 the same tape, it was announced that the Commander Wahiudeen died in
18 combat and that his daughter would be five years old, and Your Honours
19 concluded yesterday that this would be about 1998 or that it could be
20 possible that the daughter -- that the video was taken in 1998.
21 What the Prosecution intends to do - we have tried it, but due to
22 the bad quality of the tapes; a first attempt failed - we will make
23 available stills of this flag which has been shown, the flag which shows
24 the Arabic on the upper part and the words "Brigada Jihad" on the lower
25 part. We intend to draw stills from this section, and the Prosecution
1 also intends to draw a still from the scene which was shown on all three
2 tapes where Wahiudeen was sitting or encircled in the last sequence. And
3 the Prosecution intends to ask witnesses who will appear about their
4 knowledge, about either Wahiudeen or the person sitting on the left-hand
5 side of Wahiudeen. It's the Prosecution's position that the person
6 sitting on the left-hand side of Wahiudeen is General Alagic, who was at
7 the time the commander of the OG Bosanska Krajina.
8 With regard to the Defence position that the video could have
9 been taken everywhere in the world, we just heard our translators - I
10 think it was the second sequence - one of the translators translated the
11 word, I think, "extremist" or something from the Bosnian to the English
12 language, so this still doesn't prove that the sequence itself was taken
13 in Bosnia, but it is at least an indication that this didn't happen, let's
14 say, in Afghanistan or any other place in the world.
15 With regard to the potential origin of the third tape, 37 --
16 V0003764, which was called "The Martyrs of Bosnia, Part 1," the
17 Prosecution would like to go into closed session.
18 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Mr. Registrar, may we go into
19 private session, please.
20 [Private session]
12 Pages 8639 to 8649 redacted, private session
25 [Open session]
1 THE REGISTRAR: [Interpretation] Mr. President, we are in open
3 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] I turn to the Prosecution. But
4 before giving them the floor to continue with the videotapes, in looking
5 at the general lists, the spreadsheet of all the videos, the Judges have
6 noted that there are videotapes that have not yet been broadcast. So the
7 question is: When do you expect to show them? These are the numbers:
8 2898, 2414, 2911, 1468, 2629, 2781, 2895, 1676, 3270, 1440, and 1790.
9 So we'd like to know how you intend to proceed. Do you intend to
10 show them? That's my first question. And secondly, when? The best time
11 would be to continue next week, into Monday. As I said, there will be no
12 sittings next week because of the absence of witnesses, so could you
13 inform me of what you intend to do. How far have you come in your
14 thoughts on showing those videotapes?
15 [Prosecution counsel confer]
16 MR. NEUNER: Your Honours, just one question for clarification:
17 The numbers you have referred to, I -- do I understand this correctly that
18 these are V000-numbers and then the four digits following?
19 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Yes, that's right. The last
20 digits, the figures on the index for the transcripts. I began with 2818,
21 but it says number 6; 2414 is number 7; 2911 is 9; 1468, 11; 2629, 12; and
22 the following are the numbers that followed; 2781, 2898, 1676, 1421, and
23 1729 -- 22. So I think they're in the binder.
24 MR. NEUNER: Thank you for this clarification, Your Honours.
25 With regard to the question you asked, the Prosecution would have
1 at the end of this day announced the decision or would have been prepared
2 not to show these videos, but from your question I understand that Your
3 Honours would like to see excerpts from these videotapes? Is this
5 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Inasmuch as those videotapes
6 were asked to be introduced into evidence, you asked them to be tendered,
7 so if that is the case - and this was challenged by the Defence; the
8 Chamber gave a ruling saying that we would make our final decision after
9 having seen in open session publicly those videotapes - and there are two
10 main groups, one requiring agreement between the parties - that is to say,
11 we decided not to show them or show them; the others we decided need not
12 be shown - but there is an outstanding number which in the Chamber's
13 opinion should be viewed.
14 MR. NEUNER: Your Honours, this is certainly possible, and we are
15 prepared at any point in time to show excerpts -- relevant excerpts from
16 these sequences.
17 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. Since we have
18 another 40 minutes left approximately, we're going to continue, and we'll
19 continue again on Monday. So we'll be continuing on Monday.
20 Having said that, let's proceed.
21 MR. NEUNER: The next video is the last one from Block 3. It is
22 from the videotape V0001737. The Prosecution, based on the information
23 about the video -- or from the video itself, is not in a position to give
24 the exact date about this sequence; however, it is a conversation or an
25 interview with two Mujahedin or two males who look like Mujahedin talk
1 about the incorporation of a unit sitting in a tent, and this unit can be
2 the El Mujahed Unit. This sequence is four minutes of duration, running
3 from 0055 minutes 06 until 0059 minutes 05. And since an excerpt from
4 this tape has been shown today already, I cannot -- or I don't need to, I
5 believe, to provide more information about the submitter and so on, since
6 this has already been done.
7 The sequence will be shown now.
8 [Videotape played]
9 [Arabic spoken]
10 THE INTERPRETER: [Voiceover] Brother, what do you think about the
11 Unit Mujahedin?
12 In my opinion, as far as the unit is concerned, God willing, that
13 Allah will take care that this unit survives. However, communism is still
14 in the Bosnian Government, is prevailing, to weaken us, to destroy us.
15 However, God willing, we, the Bosnian people, to fight for the advantages
16 of Islam, we might need time to establish that because we lived with
17 communism for 50 years, and before that we were under Germany,
18 Austro-Hungary, I don't know what else, so it was an unhealthy system to
19 live in. These are all problems that are present in Bosnia and among this
20 people. With other's help, the Bosnian people has come to their senses.
21 With other's help, they started fighting in 1992, and to fight for this
22 unit, the Mujahedin, and that the people are sympathetic towards the unit
23 and that they have started to believe in this unit, in its achievements,
24 as if they knew that every soldier is fighting in the name of Allah, that
25 he is not fighting for this and that, that he is doing that for some-that
1 he is not doing that for some personal benefit. In the name of Allah and
2 the Sharia.
3 [Arabic spoken]
4 THE INTERPRETER: [Voiceover] To believe in Allah, the only creator
5 and in his almightiness, to rely upon him. I would suggest them not to
6 turn to the West and not to rely upon the West, that it's all an illusion,
7 an obvious illusion of their people who have come here and who are giving
8 us minimumhelp. It is obvious that they want to stir up contention among
9 Muslims. I would suggest to them to be on good terms with each other, to
10 look for the cognition, to look for the truth, in order to teach faith to
11 those who do not know it. Thank you.
12 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. This excerpt --
13 about this excerpt, we can say the following: That it -- the scene takes
14 place in a tent, that there are four individuals sitting down who are
15 answering somebody, whom we cannot see a priori. Of those four, three
16 wear battledress. And it is not -- it is with interest that we can note
17 that one of them -- or next to him there is a machine-gun which is resting
18 beside him. In the background - we see this very briefly - that there is
19 a library of some kind with books in it and lots of video cassettes as
20 well, a certain number of video cassettes at any rate. And it is true
21 that all this could be photographed more precisely.
22 Then there's a flag, a banner with an inscription on it in
23 Arabic. The Chamber cannot, of course, translate the inscription on the
24 banner, because it's in Arabic. And there were exchanges between the
25 person asking questions and replying. The soldiers there speak about
1 matters which are either political or military, and we are able to hear at
2 one given point in time one of the soldiers saying that there were
3 problems but that people were beginning to have more sympathy for them.
4 And one can deduce that between the Bosnian-Herzegovinian government and
5 themselves there were problems to address. That was more or less what one
6 could deduce from listening to the soundtrack of the tape and the
7 conversation going on between the individuals speaking.
8 Would the Defence like to comment?
9 MR. BOURGON: [Microphone not activated]
10 THE INTERPRETER: Microphone, please.
11 MR. BOURGON: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
12 Once again, we don't know who these people are. We do not know
13 where those people are. And especially we don't know what point in time
14 the conversation is taking place. The conversation in itself does not
15 allow us to draw any conclusions, with the absence of a date in
16 Bosnia-Herzegovina, and to draw any other conclusions. Anything that we
17 can say is circumstantial, with respect to the links between the Bosnian
18 government and one of these units.
19 So, Mr. President, once again, we do not see how this exhibit can
20 be used, unless we have a witness come into the courtroom to explain to us
21 who those people are and the general context of the events taking place,
22 the conversation taking place.
23 Thank you, Mr. President.
24 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Thank you.
25 MR. IBRISIMOVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
1 Apart from the comments presented by Mr. Bourgon himself, we have
2 nothing to add. No observations from our part.
3 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well.
4 Would the Prosecution like to respond or would you prefer to
6 MR. NEUNER: Your Honours, the Prosecution would just add one
7 detail to the summary just given by you. We observed also two hand
8 grenades standing in this -- on the shelf of this library.
16 I just see my colleague from the Defence on his feet.
17 MR. IBRISIMOVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you. I think this
18 particular witness testified under protective measures. We can check that
19 out. So may this be stricken from the record if that is so.
20 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well.
21 Mr. Registrar, if the witness did indeed enjoy protective
22 measures, then please have this struck from the record.
23 We will put that right.
24 MR. NEUNER: Thank you very much.
25 The person handed the tape over on the 21st of February, 1997
1 to -- excuse me, this must be an error here. I will submit this
2 information later, but -- at what date it was handed over. But it was
3 handed over to an investigator of the Tribunal, Ms. Racine Manas. The
4 tape has a duration of 37 minutes, and it should be shown in its entirety,
5 which is not possible given the advanced time, but we will stop, with the
6 permission of Your Honour, at quarter to 2.00.
7 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] We could go on perhaps for a
8 few extra minutes. That is feasible, thanks to the obliging interpreters,
9 we can continue for a few minutes beyond the time limit.
10 MR. NEUNER: One last information for the interpreter. The
11 transcript is contained in tab number 9 of the binder, and we will -- we
12 will show the sequence right now.
13 [Videotape played]
14 THE INTERPRETER: [Voiceover] Brajkovici, have been present in --
15 the Croats have been present in these areas since the eleventh century.
16 Before the Muslim-Croatian conflict broke out, exactly 5.700 Croats lived
17 in these areas. They lived in eight villages with 1.128 households. The
18 largest village is Grahovcici, with 276 households; then Cukle, 225
19 households; Brajkovici, 180 households; the village of Susanj, 158
20 households; Dolac-Bila, 65; Konjevic, 110; then there is Ovnak, with 58
21 households; Misonica, with 15; Miletici, 20; then there is the village of
22 Podovi, with 86 households; and the village of Orasac, 35 households.
23 Right in this shot we can see the village of Donje Cukle, the
24 hamlet of Alibasici. Now we can see the hamlet of Softici. This hamlet
25 is inhabited by Bosniaks, Muslims. You can see that the village is
1 intact, it has not suffered any damage.
2 Now, in this shot we can see the Hamlet of Babici, and the house
3 belonging to Franjo Kolenda in the left-hand corner. In the middle, we
4 can see Mirko Babic's house. Then in the lower part of the screen there
5 is the little facility that has been torn down; that's Zeljo Babic's
6 house. Here in this shot we can see Ante Babic's house.
7 Once again, the hamlet of Softici, up above Gornje Cukle, where
8 some 30 Croatian families used to live; the village of Orasac, 35 families
9 lived there before the war. This large facility was built in 1993. It
10 was built by Mujahedin and they used it as a barracks. Until 1994, the
11 village was intact, but when Mujahedin had to leave the village, they
12 destroyed it. No one lives in the village of Orasac at the moment.
13 Another shot showing the village of Orasac in it. Once again, we
14 can see the facility that the Mujahedin of the Muslim unit of El Mujahed
15 used as a barracks. We can see that other houses have been destroyed,
17 Donje Cukle, the hamlet of Alibasici. Now, this scene shows
18 precisely the houses belonging to Franjo Stojak, Ante Stojak, Jako Stojak,
19 Ilija Stojak and their sons. All the houses were destroyed during the
20 first three days, on the 8th, 9th and 10th of June, 1993.
21 This is the other part of the village where the family name was
22 Jankovic. Drago Jankovic's house, his father Relja's house. This large
23 facility here is the local school, it was also destroyed on the 8th of
24 June,1993. I can't see in whose way that got.
25 Zlatko Tomic's house, in the upper corner. We can see the village
1 chapel, which was built in the 17th century. It meant a lot to these
2 people. Masses used to be held here before establishing--before the
3 Parish Church was built. Once again we can see the village school that
4 was destroyed on the 8th of June,1993.
5 These people have the status of refugees. They mostly live in --
6 in the towns of Central Bosnia, in Vitez, in Busovaca. Many of them are
7 still in Western Europe, in America and Canada, I mean, in third world
8 countries, in the Republic of Croatia. They intend to come back here. A
9 large number of them have registered to come back. No one lives in the
10 village of Cukle at present, except for several Bosniak families, Muslim
11 families from Western Krajina and Eastern Bosnia.
12 Once again, this is -- we can see nobody but these are the Mrkonja
13 houses, Franjo Mrkonja's house up there. We can see the slopes of Vlasic.
14 Now on the screen we can see the villages of Gornje Maljine and
15 Donje Maljine. Gornje Maljine were inhabited by the Croats. Maljine was
16 burned and demolished on the 8th of June, 1993. In this village, on the
17 slopes of this mountain, the most horrific crime was committed against
18 Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and on June the 8th,1993, 36 Croats were
19 shot there, they were soldiers of the HVO, women and old people. The name
20 of the exact location is Bikose, and their bodies have not been found to
21 this day.
22 Most of the families from Gornje Maljine, Croatian families, have
23 emigrated all over the world. They have the status of refugees in the
24 countries of Western Europe, in the Republic of Croatia, in Slovenia. A
25 number of them live in the towns of Central Bosnia, in Vitez, in Busovaca,
1 in Novi Travnik, and they are going to come back.
2 Once again we can see Bikose. The interesting thing about this
3 parish is that it is situated in the territories of two municipalities.
4 The villages of Konjevici and Susanj are in the municipality of Zenica;
5 whereas, the other villages are in the territory of the Municipality of
7 Once again we can see the hamlet of Softici, where Bosniak
8 families, Muslim families live. You see, the village is intact. Not a
9 single house has been destroyed.
10 We are going towards Ovnak. Out there in the distance you can see
11 Ovnak, and the mountain of Lisac is up above.
12 Now in this shot we can see Gornji Brajkovici, the houses
13 belonging to Matija Matkovic and Jozo Matosevic. Behind them is Niko
14 Matosevic's house that was destroyed. There is Ivica Babic's house and
15 the houses of Stipe Kolenda and Vlado Babic.
16 Here we can see Tomo Babic's house, as well as Marinko Suman's and
17 Slavko Miskovic's houses, Novo Naselje, Ovnak, which is a part of the
18 village of Grahovcici.
19 Once again, we can see the village of Cukle, the parish church of
20 Brajkovici, which was built in 1879. The steeple that we can see, or on
21 the steeple is a cross that was torn down on the 8th of June, 1993. The
22 church suffered minor damage, but it was restored last year.
23 What we see right now are the foundations of a burnt-down house,
24 belonging to the late Ante Klaric, an old man in his seventies, who did
25 not want to leave his home as the Muslim forces attacked this parish. He
1 stayed at home, and unfortunately he was killed. These are the
2 foundations of the stable. Once again we can see the foundation of the
3 house. The body of the late Ante Klaric was found a month after he had
4 been killed, in a well, in front of a house belonging to his cousin Stipe
5 Klaric. Later on we are going to give you a shot of that well too. Ante
6 was buried in the local graveyard, which is called Bogus [phoen].
7 These are the houses belonging to Ante's cousins. Now we can see
8 the house of his younger cousin, whose name is Ante Klaric, then the
9 houses of Stipe Klaric, Mate Klaric. This restored house belongs to
10 Ante's cousin Drago Klaric. It was restored several days ago by a Dutch
11 donation organisation El Soldateris. You see, it's all been destroyed,
12 demolished. It all happened in a day.
13 Once again we can see the parish church. There we cannot see the
14 cross on the steeple.
15 The village of Brajkovici; Zarko Viskovic's house; the house
16 belonging to Zarko's brother Marjan, to his brother Nenad, to their sister
17 Kata. It has also been burned. Once again, a shot showing the Viskovic
18 brothers' house; Mate Klaric's house here. We can see the well that Anto
19 Klaric's body was found in in front of his cousin Stipe's house. Drago
20 Klaric's house.
21 And deeper in there you can see the village of Grahovcici. We are
22 going towards Ovnak. Gornji Brajkovici, the houses belonging to Ivica
23 Babic, Vlado Babic, and Pero Babic.
24 Now we can see the house of Niko Matosevic, which was demolished
25 and burnt, but about a month ago it was blown up. This was reported to
1 Travnik MUP, but the perpetrators have not yet been found. This is one of
2 many cases of a repeated devastation and destruction of houses.
3 Vlado Babic's house, Frano Matosevic's house, Bozo Tustonja's
4 house, and Zarko Radic's house, Zarko's brother house, and his cousin Ante
5 Radic's house. Then we have Stipe Bilic's house, which he built for his
6 son, Nikola. Unfortunately, Nikola was killed. Zvonko Kolenda's house,
7 which he built a year or two before the war. You see, it's been
8 demolished and looted. In the background are the houses belonging to the
9 Barac brothers, Niko, Vinko and Frano. Tomo Babic's house, where a shop
10 used to be. Here we can see once again Marinko Suman's house, where the
11 Trenk cafe and bar used to be located, the place where young people
12 gathered, and there was also a local supermarket. The house was looted
13 and demolished.
14 Slavko Miskovic's house, it was built one year before this
15 terrible war. You see, the house has been looted and demolished. In the
16 background, we see the houses belonging to Ivica Kolenda, Marko Pesa,
17 Matija Kafadar, Ivica Pesa, Stanko, sons Niko, Bozo. the house belonging
18 to Ivica Kafadar and his son Mirko, also known as Dzilda. Nikola
19 Kafadar's house; you see, there it reads: "7th Muslim Brigade". Houses
20 belonging to Nevenka Miskovic, Ivo Vuleta.
21 The local cemetery of Ovnak. This is where they buried the old
22 people from the village of Susanj who had been killed. Right here 18 old
23 people from the village of Susanj were brought here and killed on the 8th
24 of June, 1993. Reportedly they were supposed to be soldiers of the HVO.
25 They were elderly people between the ages of 65 and 80, and their last
1 names were mostly Markovic and Vidosevic.
2 In the background you can see the village of Susanj. We are
3 entering the new part of the village of Grahovcici, a new settlement.
4 Marijan Radic's house, the house belonging to Ante Babic and his brother
5 Jozo, the house belonging to Drago Radic and his brother Fabo; Zivko
6 Barbic's house; Stipe Jandric's house; the house belonging to the Jandric
7 brothers, Zvonko, Tomo, Franjo and Drago - Dragan; a recently restored
8 house belonging to Fabijan Dzaip. Also, recently restored house of Franjo
9 Filipovic, also known as Foltin.
10 Now we are moving towards the central part of the village of
11 Grahovcici. On the screen we can see the picture of Pero Filipovic, Anto
12 Matosevic and Anto's sons. The houses have no roofs; they have been
13 burned and looted. As I said, the village of Grahovcici is the largest
14 village in the parish of Brajkovici and the largest village in the Travnik
16 In this shot, we can see the hamlet of Radici and the houses of
17 Vinko Radic, Jozo Radic, Marko Cuturic. In the background are the houses
18 of the Musanic family, the house belonging to Tomo Perkic and his brother,
19 Sarafin Perkic; Anto Matosevic's house, Ante's father's house, Drago, it
20 has been demolished and burnt. Once again, we can see Marko Cuturic's
21 house, Franjo Cuturic's house.
22 Now we can see the local cemetery of Svib. Most of the
23 gravestones have been destroyed. They were destroyed in 1993, in 1994,
24 and even in 1995 cases of demolishing tombstones were registered.
25 We are moving towards the centre of the village. The house with
1 the red roof is Tomo Cuturic's house. It was restored recently. In the
2 background you can see the Grahovcici open cast mine. Then, there are the
3 houses of Jozo Cuturic, Luko Jadrinic, Luko's son Franjo, and again the
4 open cast mine in the background. Right next to the open cast mine, an
5 underground mine was opened, a shaft mine for excavating coal, and as a
6 result the village is being undermined. That is a huge problem for the
7 people from the village. Massive landslides and tectonic disturbances
8 were been caused, and when the time comes there are slim chances that they
9 are going to be able to build anything in this village. Somebody has been
10 doing it deliberately and is still doing it. People tried to stop this
11 excavation any way they could, but it is difficult to solve this problem.
12 In this shot, we can see the houses belonging to Tomo Cuturic,
13 Sreco Cuturic, his brother Ante, the houses belonging to Tomo Cuturic and
14 another man with the same name, to Drago Cuturic, Vito Palavra; the houses
15 belonging to Ante Cuturic and Ivica. this part of the village was mostly
16 inhabited by people whose last name is Cuturic. They were close
17 relatives. We can see the local school, which was built in and was also
18 burned on the 8th of June, 1993.
19 Once again, we can see the house of Ante Matko, Ante Cuturic, also
20 known as Antic. These red roofs, the hamlet of Barbici. These houses
21 were restored a short while ago, and the repair work is still in progress.
22 The work is being done by the donation organisation El Soldateris. The
23 Dutch and French governments are the ones who provided donations to
24 restore these houses. The house belonging to Tomo Barbic, Zarko, Silva.
25 That's what we see.
1 Here you can see the local cemetery of Vinisce, one of the oldest
2 cemeteries, oldest Catholic cemeteries in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
3 Now we can see most of the parish territory. Once again, the
4 Parish Church of St. Peter and St. Paul in Brajkovici. Brajkovici and
5 Susanj are the only villages in the Parish that have not been vandalised.
6 Grahovcici fared worst; all the houses were destroyed. The extent of
7 destruction of each house is 80 to 100 per cent.
8 Once again, the local cemetery of Vinisce, where there is a
9 Bogumil tombstone from -- dating back to 1011, and the village was named
10 after it later on. It was named after Mihovil Grahovcic, who was buried
11 in this cemetery.
12 Drago Sikalo's house. Now we can see Pero Jandric's house, and
13 beyond there is the hamlet of Babici. You see, everything has been
14 demolished. The house with the red roof has been restored recently by the
15 Dutch government; as well as this second one and the third one.
16 The entrance to the village of Grahovcici, the hamlet of Milika
17 and the house belonging to the Filipovic family.
18 Then we come to the hamlet of Ovnak and the house belonging to the
19 Jandric brothers and the Radic brothers.
20 Now we can see from a different angle again the hamlet of Otici
21 and the houses belonging to the Bilic brothers, Slavko, Karlo and Ante.
22 All families with the second name Bilic lived here; the houses belonging
23 to Drago Bilic, then Zorko Bilic, Vesko Bilic, Ante Bilic; they are
24 brothers. The house belonging to their cousin Stipe Bilic, Stipe's son
1 Once again, from a different angle, the houses belonging to Drago
2 Bilic, Zorko, Ante. The houses belonging to Vesko Bilic, Fabo Jandric. On
3 the hill we can see a house, a house again, and it belongs to Vesko Bilic,
4 and another shot of the house belong to Drago and Zorko Bilic, from a
5 different angle this time. The same image from a different angle.
6 Restoring is going to take a lot of funds. It all has to be built from the
7 foundations upwards.
8 Here we see Stipe Bilic's house and in the background his son's
9 house, Pavo. The large house belonging to Niko Bilic and his son. One of
10 the oldest cemeteries, Catholic cemeteries in Bosnia and Herzegovina, we
11 can see the chapel that was destroyed and demolished. These Bogumil
12 tombstones date back from the tenth and the eleventh centuries. Most of
13 the tombstones have been destroyed, not only in the cemetery of Vinisce
14 but also in the Sviba cemetery and the Sikalo cemetery, in all the
15 cemeteries, in fact, in the Parish of Brajkovici. 80 per cent of the
16 tombstones have been destroyed. The only cemetery that remained intact is
17 the Ovnak cemetery, which passes right next to the Travnik-Zenica road.
18 Now we can see the gravestone of the Pavlovic family, you can see
19 when she was buried, when she died, in 1966. I can't see how she could
20 possibly have been in the way of those who destroyed it. See Pero Barbic,
21 buried in 1976, and the same thing applies to him. Once again, their
22 gravestones have been demolished, a cross broken. The same thing happened
23 to this gravestone.
24 This is the gravestone of the Barbic family. It says, "Mijo
25 Barbic, killed -- or rather died in 1962. Veronika Barbic, died in 1963."
1 As I have already said, this same situation is with the cemeteries in
2 the parish of Brajkovici, and as I've said, the shaft mine for coal
3 excavation in the village of Grahovcici. Behind the open cast mine the
4 mining infrastructure stands. This shaft mine was opened with the sole
5 purpose of causing tectonic disturbances there and to prevent the people
6 from returning. The Croats in this region call it a "political coal
7 mine". A lot has been done to stop this, but there is someone more
8 powerful behind this project.
9 Another shot of the central part of the village. In the background
10 we see the hamlet of Radici. Stipe Sikalo's house, also destroyed; it was
11 burnt on the 8th of June, 1993. Vito Palavra's house.
12 We are repeating the same shot, the central part of the village,
13 mostly the houses of the families with the same surname, the surname of
14 Cuturic, Sreco, Tomo, Ante. All these people have registered to come back
15 here and they are certainly going to return. However, the problem now is
16 to solve the problem with the coal mine in Grahovcici. That has to be
17 dealt with.
18 This is the local school. I hope that children will attend their
19 classes here again. Perhaps as early as the next year.
20 JUDGE ANTONETTI: [Interpretation] Very well. We're going to have
21 to end there. Just a very quick sentence before we adjourn. The tape is
22 of excellent quality. It was made in winter with sunlight, which allows
23 us to see the whole very well. The general scene is a desolate landscape.
24 All the villages are mentioned by the commentator. Their names are
25 mentioned; Ovnak, Susanj, Grahovcici, Cukle, Maljine, and so on. And the
1 narrator identifies the houses one by one and gives us the names of the
3 It appears that several houses but very few have been restored;
4 otherwise, all the rest are in a state of destruction and demolition on
5 the -- there are no people in the videotape, and the feeling one gets in
6 viewing this videotape is that all the villagers have left, because you
7 can't see a single person. There's some -- one element furnished by one
8 of the witnesses. He said that when you are up on one hill, you can see
9 all the other hills, which means that the person filming, thanks to the
10 zoom lens, can zoom in on the different villages, and they are five to ten
11 kilometres, at a distance between each other of five to ten kilometres.
12 As far as the Judges can see, it is a village with a Mujahedin
13 barracks that we see on the screen. And as the commentator said, it was
14 abandoned or destroyed, but we can actually see a building of several
15 storeys which sort of sticks out from the general landscape where there
16 are no other similar constructions, houses constructed that way. And
17 certain houses were under recent construction.
18 There were destroyed and damaged churches as well and cemeteries
19 where the tombstones and crosses were destroyed.
20 So that is a very brief overview of what the -- we saw on the
21 videotapes and what will be recorded on the transcript.
22 I'm afraid we can't go on. It's already 2.00. On Monday I will
23 be giving the floor to the Defence counsel, and they'll have the whole
24 weekend to prepare their observations and comments for us on Monday.
25 So we reconvene on Monday when we shall see the remaining tapes
1 played to us by the Prosecution. And I'm sure we're going to finish those
2 on Monday.
3 As I said, we won't be sitting on Tuesday; we will be sitting on
4 Wednesday; and I don't think we'll be sitting either on Thursday or
5 Friday, but we'll reconvene on the following Monday.
6 I apologise to the staff for asking them to stay on, but we wish
7 to complete this -- these documents and to express what we've seen.
8 The meeting is adjourned until Monday.
9 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 2.01 p.m.,
10 to be reconvened on Monday, the 7th day of
11 June, 2004, at 2.15 p.m.