1 Thursday, 21 October 2004
2 [Open session]
3 [The accused entered court]
4 --- Upon commencing at 2.20 p.m.
5 JUDGE ORIE: Madam Registrar, would you please call the case.
6 THE REGISTRAR: Case number IT-00-39-T, the Prosecutor versus
7 Momcilo Krajisnik.
8 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you, Madam Registrar.
9 Good afternoon to everyone in and around the courtroom.
10 Mr. Hannis, is the Prosecution ready to continue the
11 examination-in-chief of their present witness?
12 MR. HANNIS: We are, Your Honour.
13 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Then I ask Madam Usher to escort the witness
14 into the courtroom. At the same time, I use the opportunity to first of
15 all, and I'm now addressing the Defence, to express that it's my
16 understanding that considerable progress has been made in the meetings
17 with the Registry as far as communication and electronic media is
19 [The witness entered court]
20 JUDGE ORIE: And that there's still one thing over, that is, the
21 laptop of Mr. Krajisnik in court. And I only wanted to convey to the
22 Defence that the Chamber will further pay attention to that aspect. So in
23 order to resolve that as well.
24 MS. LOUKAS: Thank you, Your Honour.
25 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Then, Mr. Pasic, I apologise for dealing with
1 other matters when you entered the courtroom. Good afternoon. May I
2 remind you that you're still bound by the solemn declaration you've given
3 at the beginning of your testimony. Yes.
4 Then now Mr. Hannis will continue the examination. Please
5 proceed, Mr. Hannis.
6 MR. HANNIS: Thank you, Your Honour.
7 WITNESS: ELVEDIN PASIC [Resumed]
8 Examined by Mr. Hannis: [Continued]
9 Q. Good afternoon, Mr. Pasic. When we left off yesterday, I believe
10 we had just gotten to the point where your parents had decided to leave
11 Vecici and they decided it would be best if you went with the group that
12 your father was going with. And as I recall, you told us there were
13 approximately 500 to 700 people in the group that you were travelling
14 with; is that correct?
15 A. That's correct, sir.
16 Q. And do you know how many people were in the group that your mother
17 was going to go out with?
18 A. I don't know the total, but later on I found out that put into our
19 buses from Grabovica the total of buses was 13 buses, all the civilians
20 from Vecici.
21 Q. And do you know approximately how big the buses were, how many
22 people were held on each bus? Were they full-size buses?
23 A. I would say 50 to 60 people in them.
24 Q. So could you tell the Court, please, then how you left Vecici in
25 the group you went with. What time did you leave, and how did you go, and
1 where were you heading?
2 A. Around 8.00 that night, when my father decided to take me to the
3 safe place, Travnik, we left Vecici with a group of people. It was big.
4 We were heading towards Jezica. It's the hill. And across to Travnik.
5 Around 1.00 that night, we were approaching Jezica when we were ambushed
6 by the Serbs for the first time, and as a result of ambush, two people
7 died, Ahmet Zec and his son. I don't know his name.
8 The group was separated in two, and I remember my father -- it was
9 chaos, when he pushed me under this big tree and told me to stay there
10 when this firing started.
11 Approximately it lasted for 20, 30 minutes, and I didn't move.
12 Then later he came back and he says -- he was calling my name: Elvedin,
13 Elvedin, where are you? And I came out and he says: We have to move, we
14 have to move. We were attacked.
15 Then we joined this little group of people and we find out that
16 other group left somewhere else. And then he says -- we found out that
17 two people died and we need somebody to bury them and we need volunteers.
18 At that time people were so afraid to go, and I know that two people left
19 from that group, same group I was in. They took the bodies and buried
20 them under a tree, just pushed them under the tree and covered them with
22 The same night, around 5.00, we joined the other group. We found
23 each other. And we decided to walk, and we entered this open area. It
24 was a field, clear. We were so tired and wet from the rain that we
25 decided we're going to stay there and get some rest. I was so thirsty, I
1 remember I told my dad: I need some water. Can you find me some water.
2 He went out and he got me some water. And he -- when he came back, people
3 running around and saying: We need to -- somebody needs to get up and go
4 form the line, or go in the woods, look for Serbs. Nobody volunteered.
5 Everyone was laying down. Nobody didn't care. Everyone just wanted to
6 get some sleep.
7 Then soon after that, we find out that the Serbs were surrounding
8 us once again, and somebody just said: Get up, get up. We have to move
9 now. And when we got up, that's when we were right in the middle of
11 I remember 15 to 20 men, young men, decided to stay and fight
12 against Serbs. I followed my dad, and we were on this hill. We were
13 going down the hill. Bullets were flying everywhere. In this group, we
14 had a guy who knew the path towards Travnik. His name was Besim. He was
15 from Vecici.
16 There was a river dividing two hills. We were going down a hill
17 and I had a huge coat, big coat. It was soaking in water. And I told my
18 dad, I said: I can't move. I have to take this off. And he said: You
19 have to move, we have to follow him. And I took my -- I said: I have to
20 take it off. It's too heavy. And we stopped there, and when we stopped
21 there we heard big bombs, mines exploded down there, you know, of this
22 group in the river.
23 Then he says: We have to move now. When we got there, ten people
24 were dead from land mines. And this Besim guy who knew the path, he had
25 his both legs blown off. And he was calling somebody to help him out, but
1 we were so afraid, we had to cross that river, move on to the next side of
2 this hill. Approximately 200 people of us all together.
3 We paused for a minute there. We wanted to gather all together,
4 figure out what we're going to do now. At the same time, we heard Serbs
5 calling on megaphones: Balija, you have to surrender now. If you
6 surrender, you're going to survive. If you don't, you're all going to
7 die, and then they started laughing. That was big chaos. People didn't
8 know where to go.
9 In this group I remember hodza from Vecici. He was with us when
10 he said -- his favourite saying was: Child, children, let's pray. We
11 gathered all together and we prayed there. He said -- they decided what
12 we going to do when this guy got up, he says: We're going to surrender.
13 And people were just at that time -- didn't know what to do and we started
14 walking towards this tunnel approximately 15 -- 50 to a hundred metres
15 long. It was wide. We entered there, and this guy, Zec, he was in
16 Vecici. I remember him, seeing him when we were walking through the woods
17 contacting somebody, and I was telling my dad: That guy is talking to
18 somebody. Every time we stop he goes underneath a tree and then he pulls
19 out -- I'm sorry. He pulls out -- he pulls out this microphone or - I
20 don't know - radio and then he starts talking. And I was telling my dad:
21 That guy is talking to somebody. And he says: No. You just keep on
22 moving. We have to move.
23 And then he was the one who jumped in when we were in the tunnel.
24 He says: Don't worry anything. We're going to surrender. He took his
25 shirt. He's a white shirt and he ripped it off, used a branch and walked
1 out of the tunnel. And he left with this one guy. And he was gone for 15
2 minutes. When he came back, he says: Oh, everything is fine. We just
3 need to surrender. They guarantee us we're going to live.
4 When we were coming out of this tunnel we noticed the snipers on
5 both the ends -- the end and beginning of this tunnel. There was no way
6 for us to escape. And as we were coming out this tunnel, they told us:
7 Whoever had weapons, raise your -- put the weapons above your head. And
8 just walk slowly.
9 Q. How many people were still in your group by the time you got
10 inside this tunnel, if you know?
11 A. When we got inside this tunnel, we had approximately 200 people.
12 Q. And when you came out, did those with weapons lay the weapons
14 A. Yes. They told us: Weapons on left-hand side. When we -- some
15 of the guys were holding weapons, they told us: Put the weapons on
16 left-hand side and all your gold, money, anything that you have, put it on
17 the right-hand side. And I remember my mom gave it to my father, all the
18 money, because they were hoping -- and we were hoping that we going to go
19 to the Travnik, be safe. And she gave all the money that she had to him,
20 and the gold.
21 So I seen -- when I was passing this -- you know, because we were
22 walking one by one, slowly, I've seen a lot of money, mainly Deutschmarks,
23 and gold, on the right-hand side.
24 Q. And did they tell you what would happen if they found anything on
25 anybody after you had gone and laid down weapons and valuables?
1 A. They told us: You have to leave everything. If we find a needle,
2 we're going to kill you.
3 Q. After you all had done this, where did you go or where were you
4 directed to go?
5 A. As we were coming to this open area, I noticed Serbs were coming
6 out of the trenches and they were celebrating, firing in the air. They
7 told us to lay down on this muddy ground. One by one we were faced down
8 like this. We lay down and that's when I noticed -- we heard trucks
9 coming with more soldiers. And they told us: Lay down. If anybody gets
10 up, we're going to kill you, we're going to shoot you. I know it was
11 muddy and raining that day, and we approximately were staying there for
12 two hours, faced like this.
13 Q. Was your father with you in this group that came out of the
15 A. Yes. My father was there. My uncle, my cousins, my neighbours,
16 and I also saw Hamida's husband, Elvir Lihovic, who was there ten metres
17 above me in that line-up that we were laying down.
18 Q. And Hamida was your sister and Elvir is your brother-in-law?
19 A. That is correct.
20 Q. Before I go on with this, I want to follow up on something with
21 Elvir. You mentioned that your sister had lived in Dabovci. Am I
22 pronouncing that correctly?
23 A. Dabovci, that is correct.
24 Q. And were you aware of what had happened in Dabovci before this
25 event in Vecici and Grabovica? Were you aware of what had happened in
1 that village? Did your sister or brother-in-law tell you about that prior
2 to this time?
3 A. When we got to Vecici, we wanted to see Elvir Lihovic, my mom,
4 because we heard when we were in Garici that horrible things happened at
5 Dabovci. But we wanted to hear from him because he was the only one who
6 survived from the men Dabovci. I was in the room when he was -- he told
7 my mom everything what happened, that one day these mad soldiers, Serbian
8 soldiers walked in the village and told all the men in Dabovci together
9 all -- gather them all together and took them outside the village into one
10 vacant house or -- where they shoot them all and burned this house. I
11 know -- and he told us how -- my mom asked him: How did you survive? He
12 said his friend who lived right next to him, he says when they lined them
13 up -- when they start shooting at his friend jumped on him and hugged him.
14 That's how -- pushed him on the ground and he survived there. After they
15 shoot them all, he says they threw bomb, hand-grenade in this room where
16 they were all killed. And also they -- he says later on they burned it,
17 and when they left, they broke the window when he escaped to Vecici.
18 Q. Do you remember him telling you what kind of building they were in
19 where they were shot and where it was burned?
20 A. The building was for cattles.
21 Q. Now, when you were on the ground, lying face down, after you had
22 surrendered, how long did you stay there, approximately?
23 A. Approximately two hours.
24 Q. And what happened during those two hours?
25 A. During these two hours, Serb soldiers were telling -- picking
1 out -- they started picking out people from this group and asking
2 questions. I remember I could recognise them by the voice. I couldn't
3 see him, but he was my neighbour, Mustafa, when they told him: Get up.
4 And they asked him questions: Who is in charge? Who is your commander?
5 And he says: Besim. So where is Besim? He says: He got killed from
6 mines, and they start laughing. He says: Why don't you call him, start
7 calling him. So he was there for 10, 15 minutes calling Besim, his name.
8 There were also calling people and saying just saying: Okay. You
9 were the snipers, you were shooting our soldiers, and they were beaten. I
10 remember also hodza from Vecici. I can recognise his voice because his
11 favourite voice was: My child. Anything that he was saying, he was
12 saying "my child." They started beating him because they were saying:
13 You hodza, you're responsible for this.
14 They beat up my father. He was laying right next to me when they
15 told him: Get up. And they just started beating him. Most of the people
16 never came back to the group but he did. He came back and he was
17 screaming and calling my name. He says: Are you okay, are you okay? I
18 said: Yeah, I'm fine. They told us if anybody gets up we're going to
19 shoot you. Don't turn around. And I remember my uncle was -- he was
20 shaking. He says: When they started with these trucks that they were
21 parked on our right-hand side, they were coming and we were face down, and
22 I remember my uncle saying: They're going to run over us. They were
23 coming close to the group. And if anybody gets up, they shoot you.
24 Q. Do you remember if there was -- if there seemed to be any system
25 to how they were picking people out of the group?
1 A. No. I know that they were just picking people. As they were
2 coming in the trucks, more and more soldiers were just picking people from
3 the ground.
4 Q. Do you remember hearing if they asked your father any questions
5 when they had him get up?
6 A. I remember saying something about boots. Where did you -- I heard
7 saying: Balija, where go did you get that boots? And he was saying:
8 These are my boots. I was a hunter. They were saying: No, no. You
9 killed our soldiers. You got our boots from him. He says: No. I was a
10 hunter. And they started beating him. I can hear him in the background
11 screaming. But he did came back to this group.
12 Q. So after about two hours, what happened?
13 A. They told all the women and children: Get up and start walking.
14 Q. Did you get up at first?
15 A. At first I refused, because I didn't know where we're going. And
16 my father was -- he told me: Get up. Get up. And I says: No. Then my
17 uncle says: Get up. You'll survive. And I was the last boy who got up
18 from that group. They told us: When you get up, don't look around. Look
19 in front of you. If you look around, we're going to shoot you.
20 Q. Where did you go from there?
21 A. I got up. I saw hodza. He was the only one who was faced this
22 way. He was all in blood. I didn't see if he was moving or anything. I
23 noticed he was all in blood. They told us to walk slowly and then at one
24 time they told us to run and lay down and get up, towards Grabovica
1 Q. When you say hodza was laying "this way," you mean he was face up
2 as opposed to everybody who was still face down?
3 A. That is correct.
4 Q. How far did you have to walk to get to the Grabovica school?
5 A. I don't remember how far, but I know that we were going through
6 the village and people were waiting outside, and mainly civilians and old
7 people, spitting on us. I don't remember the distance.
8 Q. What was the ethnicity of Grabovica village, if you know?
9 A. All Serbs.
10 Q. And what happened to you during the walk through the village to
11 the schoolhouse?
12 A. Like I mentioned, when we were walking, we had civilians spitting
13 on us, and I remember this, when this lady, female soldier, was walking by
14 and she said: Does anybody got a match? Because she was holding a
15 cigarette. And nobody didn't want to respond. She said: What's the
16 matter, balija? Oh, that's right. You don't have anything now.
17 And then they offered us a few times -- they told us to run, and
18 lay down, crawl, and get up, three or four times, until we reached the
20 Q. And who was escorting your group to the school?
21 A. Serb soldiers.
22 Q. How many women and children were there in this group that you were
23 going to the school with, approximately?
24 A. Approximately ten women, five to six boys, and I know we had
25 injured guy who was carried with this female. He lay on the mine, and he
1 was probably approximately - I don't know - 20 years old. And when he got
2 up from the group, they told him: You're old enough to get up. We asked
3 boys and females. And he was like -- they told him that -- he landed on
4 the mine and they did -- they told him just to walk. I remember he was in
5 that group with us too.
6 Q. What happened once you arrived at the school?
7 A. When we got there, we were lined up on back yard where I guess
8 students used to play basketball. And it was getting kind of dark, still
9 raining, when this guy, accompanied with two, I guess, bodyguards, came
10 towards us and introduced himself, but I don't recall his name. And he
11 asked us -- he told us: Good evening. And he had some kind of hat with a
12 light on, similar to a miner's hat. I remember seeing that. And he was
13 in camouflage uniform. He told us that we're going to spend the night in
14 the school and that nothing is going to happen to us, that tomorrow two
15 buses will arrive and take us to Vrbanjci with the rest of the refugees
16 and go safe to Travnik area. And he also says: All the men who left
17 over, they're going to pay for this.
18 Q. Did he say what "this" was that they were going to pay for?
19 A. I remember him saying: They're going to pay for all this.
20 Q. How was this man dressed? Was he in civilian clothes or uniform?
21 A. He was in camouflage uniform.
22 Q. Did he have any kind of insignia or rank?
23 A. I noticed insignia and also I noticed on his shoulders he had
24 stars and ...
25 Q. What did they do with you, women and children then?
1 A. They took us to the school, and this school, in a classroom. The
2 school had -- I call it two levels, the ground level and the top. They
3 put us in this classroom. We were sitting there with two armed soldiers,
4 sitting in a teacher's desk. One of then them was later on a guy who was
5 captured in Vecici. He was fully armed. He was sitting in front of us
6 and saying: Yeah. I was in Vecici. I was captured there. And then when
7 he turned around, he saw this young girl who he recognised later on that
8 started talking that they were going to school together. She was
9 originally from Skender Vakuf. And he told her, he says: What are you
10 doing here? She said -- she started crying: I visited my family in
11 Vecici and that's how I ended up. He said: Don't worry. Nothing's going
12 to happen to you. He brought her water, candy, and they offered us water
14 Q. The men in your group that had been left behind lying on the
15 ground when you went to the school, did you see them again?
16 A. Around 10.00, 11.00 that night, I know it was really raining
17 outside, really hard, when we -- we were looking through the window. We
18 saw a man coming, walking in front of the trucks. That's the only way we
19 saw them is just because they had these lights, and they were in front of
20 trucks tied up, like this.
21 Q. When you say "like this," can you describe where you saw them tied
22 so it appears on the transcript. We can understand what you're --
23 A. They had -- they were tied with the wire around their wrists.
24 Q. And these were the older men in your group that had been in the
1 A. That is correct.
2 Q. What happened with them at that time?
3 A. We heard them going upstairs into a classroom, and later on Serbs
4 offered whoever wants to see their relatives, that they can go, raise the
5 hand, and that we were free to go. I remember Hajrija Dugonjic who was
6 married to the guy who was in Vakufci. She was the first one who wanted
7 to go, and she was accompanied with two armed soldiers, took her upstairs.
8 She saw -- when she came back, she told us she saw her husband beaten up,
9 black and blue, and that he gave her a sign. So she asked him: Everybody
10 there, she somehow -- he got her sign saying at that time everyone was
12 Q. Did anyone else in your group of women and children go up to see
13 the men?
14 A. This gal from Skender Vakuf, she went upstairs to see her
15 relatives. She came back and she was crying. She was saying the same
16 thing, that they were all safe. I didn't want to go because when they --
17 when I was lying down with my father, they were asking him questions about
18 boots and they also asked him: Do you have anybody in this group? And he
19 says: -- At that time he says no. So that's why I didn't want to go,
20 because I was afraid if I show up and if they see him, he might get killed
21 or I might get killed. Nobody else, just two gals went upstairs to see
22 them and nobody else did.
23 Q. What happened the next morning?
24 A. Next morning, soldiers came in and they told us that we have to
25 leave. Buses arrived. We've seen them through the windows. He says --
1 the soldier told us: Walk slowly to this fence. There was a little fence
2 as you go school, and they're you're going to stop all together, and we're
3 going to let you walk one by one, slowly. We're outside. Two rows of
4 women and children were waiting outside for us, kind of formed a gauntlet
5 where we had to go through, and he told us -- I remember clearly him
6 saying: If you survive this, you will survive. They were holding axes,
7 wooden sticks, pitchforks, and waiting for us to walk through. Everyone
8 refused to go first, and I remember I was pushing towards this back fence.
9 And this boy who was going to school with me, approximately my age. He
10 says: I'll go first. And he started walking. As he got to the middle,
11 somebody hit him so hard that he just fell and hit his knees. He couldn't
12 move. He started crawling. Then he was -- as he was crawling, he was
13 beaten in the back with the hands. And as we were passing by, everyone
14 was trying to grab him and kind of push him towards these buses. There
15 were approximately 100, 200 metres away from us. I was the last one who
16 left the school, and I was beaten in my back. I was trying to rush
17 through, but they told us: If you start running, we're going to shoot
18 you. So I was about to reach the bus when this woman in a black --
19 dressed in black grabbed me and pushed me on the road.
20 Q. Take your time.
21 A. She was holding a knife. She said: Let me kill this little
22 balija because two of my sons died in Vecici. I was trying to get away,
23 but she was so strong. Then this soldier who was standing right next to
24 the door pushed her aside and literally grabbed me and threw me in there,
25 in the bus, and closed the door.
1 Q. Do you want to take a short break?
2 A. They closed the door, and somehow the buses didn't stop right
3 away. And all these angry people that were waiting outside. They came
4 around the buses, and they were spitting, throwing stones approximately
5 for 15 minutes. They told us not to look around, outside. We might get
6 hurt. I was laying down like this in front of seats, and all of a sudden
7 buses stopped -- started, and we turned around and somebody from the
8 second floor school...
9 Q. And the second floor was where the men had been taken the night
11 A. That's correct.
12 Q. Did you ever see your father again after that?
13 A. No, sir.
14 Q. Or your brother-in-law?
15 A. Nobody from that group.
16 Q. Do you remember about how many people were on the one bus that you
17 got on?
18 A. Approximately 15 to 20 of us.
19 Q. And you say there were two buses?
20 A. That is correct.
21 Q. Okay. During the time that you stayed at the school that night,
22 in addition to the group of women and children that you were in, did they
23 bring in any other women and children during that time?
24 A. No, sir.
25 Q. Okay. Where did you go once the buses started and left Grabovica
2 A. They told us we're going to Vrbanjci, where we're going to
3 accompany 11 or 10 more buses, civilians from Vecici and surrounding
4 villages, and that we're going to go to Travnik.
5 Q. And when you got to Vrbanjci, what happened?
6 A. When we got there, they told us not to get out, and buses were
7 already loaded, and I guess they were waiting for us. Approximately 12 to
8 13 buses total, and we left.
9 Q. Where did that convoy of 12 or 13 buses go from Vrbanjci?
10 A. We went across Vlasic Brdo to Travnik, and that's when we
11 actually -- they topped us at Smetovi and told us to get out. That's when
12 I met my mom, actually -- when I saw my mom.
13 Q. Where was she?
14 A. She was in the buses in front of us.
15 Q. And after you got off the buses, where did you go?
16 A. I remember when we got off the buses, they told us to go. It was
17 just chaos. All the civilians were just one huge group of people, going
18 towards Travnik. And as we were walking, I remember seeing a lot of
19 clothes, bags, leftovers, I guess, from the people before us who crossed
20 there, who were going through there. It was hard to see roads. We were
21 actually walking on the clothes. And as we were walking, I remember
22 seeing masked soldiers jumping from the side of the road and asking for
23 anything, money, gold, once again, stripping everybody, looking for money
24 and gold. That happened like three or four times until we finally reached
25 the end of it and the Bosnian side. An army was waiting for us.
1 Q. After -- once you got to the Bosnian side, did you have a chance
2 to talk with your mom about what had happened to her, where she had gone
3 after you left Vecici, and how she ended up being on a bus in the same
4 convoy as you?
5 A. I remember when we got to Travnik in this school, gymnasium
6 school, she was surprised to see me. She said: What are you doing here?
7 Aren't you with Dad? I said: Something horrible happened, I said. We
8 all surrendered. She said -- she started crying and everybody asked: So
9 what happened, what happened? And we told them that we were attacked and
10 we had to surrender and that Serb soldiers told us: As long as we
11 surrender, we're going to be fine. And she -- I asked her how -- what
12 happened with you? Did anybody get hurt? She said: No. That night when
13 we left Vecici, the following morning, they just walked all the civilians
14 from Vecici straight across the bridge to Vrbanjci with white flag and
15 they surrendered.
16 MR. HANNIS: I would like now to show the witness an exhibit. And
17 I'm not going to show him the next one I had on the list, which was a
18 Crisis Staff document. But I want to show a November 4th combat report.
19 The English is ERN 00892564.
20 THE REGISTRAR: It will be Prosecution Exhibit number P351.
21 MR. HANNIS: Thank you.
22 Q. Mr. Pasic, I just want to read a part of the first paragraph and
23 ask you a question about it.
24 MR. HANNIS: For the record, this is a combat report from the
25 1st Krajina Corps command to the Srpska Republika Army Main Staff dated
1 4 November and its number is 44-1/458.
2 Q. Paragraph 1, information on the enemy says: "Green Berets pulling
3 out of Vecici village fell into our ambush. 40 of them were killed during
4 the clash, and another 20 members of the so-called BH army were captured.
5 Another 150 members of Green Berets, mostly women and children,
6 surrendered in the evening hours."
7 My question for you, Mr. Pasic: Were you a member of the Green
9 A. No, sir.
10 Q. Did you carry any weapons or engage in any fighting during this
11 whole time you've been telling us about?
12 A. No, sir.
13 Q. How about your mom or any of the other children and women in the
14 group you were with?
15 A. No, sir.
16 Q. Thank you.
17 MR. HANNIS: I next would like to show the following exhibit,
18 which is also a combat report from the 4th of November. The ERN of the
19 English is 00892575.
20 THE REGISTRAR: It will be Prosecution Exhibit number P352.
21 MR. HANNIS: Thank you.
22 Q. And Mr. Pasic, I want to direct you to the second paragraph under
23 number 2. And the number of this report is 44-1/459. The second
24 paragraph reads: "In the area of Kotor Varos, there was a clash between
25 members of Muslim forces and our units because of the refusal to negotiate
1 on moving out of the Vecici village area. About 40 Green Beret members
2 were killed and about 200 were captured. A brutal massacre of the
3 captured members of the Green Berets started because of the wounding of
4 four and killing of one soldier of the Kotor Varos Light Infantry
6 Was there any other group of soldiers that size leaving the Vecici
7 village area at that time other than the one that you were with, if you
9 A. I don't know.
10 Q. Do you have an opinion as to whether or not this refers to your
11 father's group?
12 MS. LOUKAS: Your Honour, I would object to that question. The
13 witness answered "I don't know" in relation to the last question, and I
14 don't think that Mr. Hannis's question can take the matter any further.
15 MR. HANNIS: Let me ask a different question, Your Honour, if I
17 JUDGE ORIE: Please do so. And before the witness answers that
18 question, if Ms. Loukas would have an objection, that would come first
19 before the answer.
20 Mr. Hannis, please proceed.
21 MR. HANNIS: Thank you.
22 Q. You told us when you left the village with your father's group,
23 that that included most of the fighters, as I understood; is that correct?
24 A. That is correct.
25 Q. And your mother remained behind and walked out of the village with
1 a group of women and children?
2 A. That is correct.
3 Q. Was there any third group out of Vecici village?
4 A. No, sir.
5 Q. Thank you.
6 MR. HANNIS: We can set that document aside, and I want to ask you
7 about one more.
8 The next document, if we can give it a number. This is a combat
9 report dated the 5th of November, and the English ERN is 01906052.
10 THE REGISTRAR: Prosecution Exhibit number P353.
11 MR. HANNIS:
12 Q. And, Mr. Pasic, I want to direct you to paragraph number 4. Let
13 me read a little bit and ask you a question. It says: "The situation in
14 Kotor Varos municipality is still very complex. After they refused to
15 return the weapons and surrender to the Army of Republika Srpska, Muslim
16 extremists from the village of Vecici attempted to fight their way through
17 towards Travnik. In the clash against the Army of Republika Srpska,
18 following the death of one soldier and wounding of several others, more
19 than 150 extremists died in combat."
20 At the time you left the Grabovica school, when the soldiers --
21 the men from your group were up on the second floor, were they already
23 A. Yes, sir.
24 Q. And bound with wire on their wrist?
25 A. That is correct.
1 Q. Not engaged in combat at that time?
2 A. No, sir.
3 MS. LOUKAS: Your Honour, I'm loath to object, of course, but that
4 little last series of leading questions should be avoided by the
6 JUDGE ORIE: Mr. Hannis, the question whether people bound by
7 their wrists and disarmed were engaged in combat is rather a comment than
8 a question.
9 MR. HANNIS: I understand, Your Honour. I have no further
10 questions for this witness.
11 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Loukas, are you ready to start cross-examination
12 or would you, in view of the time, we'd still have perhaps first have a
13 break. Perhaps -- I don't know whether the witness would prefer to have
14 an early break and then be cross-examined by counsel for the Defence, or
15 whether you'd prefer to continue for another half an hour. I don't know
16 how much time you would need, Ms. Loukas, approximately.
17 MS. LOUKAS: Your Honour, in fact, my cross-examination won't be
18 that long, but I think in view of the emotional nature of the evidence in
19 chief, it might be appropriate for a short break before I proceed with my
21 JUDGE ORIE: Let's ask the witness.
22 We could have a break now for approximately some 20 to 25 minutes
23 and then you'll be cross-examined by Ms. Loukas. But if you'd prefer to
24 continue now, then we could do that as well. Could you tell me what your
25 preference is.
1 THE WITNESS: Your Honour, can we continue, please.
2 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
3 Ms. Loukas.
4 You'll be cross-examined by Ms. Loukas, who is counsel for the
6 Ms. Loukas, you may proceed.
7 Cross-examined by Ms. Loukas:
8 Q. Good afternoon, Mr. Pasic.
9 A. Good afternoon.
10 Q. Now, Mr. Pasic, you've obviously been through a lot and your
11 evidence, I think, has been very emotional for you. I can indicate that
12 I'll keep my cross-examination as short as possible, and hopefully most of
13 the questions I'll be asking you are capable of a very short yes or no
14 answer. Do you understand?
15 A. Yes.
16 Q. Now, I think you gave a statement back in December 2000 in
17 relation to the matters that you've given evidence of?
18 A. I'm sorry. Can you repeat that?
19 Q. Yes. You gave a statement in December 2000 in relation to the
20 matters that you've been giving evidence of yesterday and today?
21 A. Yes.
22 Q. And that's a statement, obviously, that's true and accurate?
23 A. Yes.
24 Q. And you were given an opportunity at the time you gave the
25 statement to read through it and make any corrections if they were
2 A. Yes.
3 Q. And when coming to The Hague on this occasion to give evidence,
4 obviously you went through the statement with the Prosecutor, Mr. Hannis?
5 A. That is correct.
6 Q. And he gave you an opportunity to correct the statement if there
7 were any need to correct it?
8 A. Yes.
9 Q. Now, I just want to take you through some matters that are
10 contained in your statement, very briefly. Obviously, you gave your
11 statement very carefully, and of course you gave your evidence yesterday
12 and today very carefully. But there's just a couple of matters from your
13 statement that didn't come out in full, and I'd just like to take you
14 through them. Are you with me?
15 A. Yes, ma'am.
16 Q. Now, would you prefer the English copy or the B/C/S copy?
17 A. English copy.
18 MS. LOUKAS: Your Honours, I have other copies of the English
19 statement and the B/C/S statement, but there may not be any need. I just
20 propose to read out small sections.
21 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
22 MS. LOUKAS: I can have them ready and available.
23 JUDGE ORIE: Perhaps it could be -- if we have two copies, one to
24 be put on the ELMO, the other for the witness, both two English copies, so
25 that everyone can follow it and that the witness has a copy, which is
1 easier than --
2 MS. LOUKAS: Certainly, Your Honour. I do have additional copies
3 if Your Honours --
4 JUDGE ORIE: It depends. It also depends on whether the
5 Prosecution considers that anything is taken out of context.
6 MS. LOUKAS: Indeed, Your Honour.
7 JUDGE ORIE: -- Need more, if not, we do not hear from the
8 Prosecution, we'll just do it as you suggested.
9 MS. LOUKAS: Thank you, Your Honour.
10 JUDGE ORIE: Madam Usher, instruct her which page to put on the
12 MS. LOUKAS: Yes, certainly, Your Honour.
13 Q. Now, firstly, just going to page 3 of the statement, and that
14 would be the paragraph fourth from the bottom of page 3. Do you see the
15 paragraph I'm talking about, Mr. Pasic?
16 A. Yes, ma'am.
17 Q. And do you notice a sentence there in about the middle? It
18 says -- this is in reference to that meeting that occurred in your house
19 around the time of Bajram in 1992. And this sentence -- these two
20 sentences here: "They verbally started to count names of persons who had
21 weapons. My father was a hunter and owned a licenced hunting gun."
23 A. That is correct.
24 Q. Now, just going on the page 4 of your statement. This is about
25 your arrival in Bilice, which was the -- a Croat village. And just the
1 portion contained in that last paragraph there: "It was well organised
2 and the locals had dug trenches around the village in preparation to
3 defend themselves against a Serb attack. When we arrived in the village,
4 I saw around 50 armed men in the trenches, around 15 to 20 of them wearing
5 camouflage uniforms and wore some Croat symbols. The others were in
6 civilian clothes."
7 That is, of course, correct?
8 A. Yes, ma'am.
9 Q. You go on to say there that: "Most of the men carried hunting
10 guns; however, some had automatic weapons too. When we arrived in Bilice,
11 all military-aged men from my village, including my father and brother,
12 were already there."
14 A. That's correct.
15 Q. Additionally, if you go down a little further in the paragraph,
16 the sentence commencing: "During this one-month period some military-aged
17 men from Hrvacani assisted the Croats." Correct?
18 A. That's correct.
19 Q. And you also go on to mention there that: "The others from our
20 village went in the direction of Vecici," and they included your father,
21 your brother; Nihad Pasic, your cousin; Sefik Pasic, your uncle;
22 Mehmedalija Pasic, another of your cousins; Sakib Pasic, another of your
23 cousins; Ibrahim Pasic, a cousin; Mustafa Pasic, a cousin; Redzo Pasic, a
24 neighbour; and his son Jasmin Pasic. Alija Pasic, a neighbour; his four
25 brothers, Refik, Alija, Fazil, and one whose name I don't recall but I
1 know he was one of the persons killed in Vecici. Muradif, son of Murat
2 Dugonjic" -- sorry. Am I going too fast? "And many others whose names I
3 don't recall now. This group consisted of around 50 men."
5 A. That's correct.
6 Q. Now, just going on to page five of your statement, just down to
7 the third-last paragraph, and you're dealing there in your statement with
8 when you came back to your village and in fact to your own home and saw
9 that it had been destroyed. You indicated there in the I think third-last
10 paragraph, the last sentence: "I believe Serb friends of my brother who
11 had gone to school with him and knew that my brother was in the military
12 did this." Correct?
13 A. That's correct.
14 Q. Okay. Now, just in relation to page 6 of your statement, the last
15 paragraph there, you're dealing with coming to Garici. Do you see that
16 paragraph that I'm talking about there?
17 A. Yes, ma'am.
18 Q. And you there refer to a woman who was -- I think you've indicated
19 there -- I think this was a Serb woman in the village, and I think you've
20 given evidence of this nature today. But the situation was that the --
21 this distraught woman who approached, the soldier told her to move away;
23 A. That is correct.
24 Q. From what you could see, he was trying to protect you in that
25 instance; correct?
1 A. That is correct.
2 Q. Now, moving on to the next page, page 7. That's the last sentence
3 of the first paragraph. This is at the time that you were staying in the
4 house of Atif Agambegovic. You stayed in this village, you state in the
5 statement, for about a month. And you also indicate there in that last
6 sentence that: "This was around July 1992." And you state there that:
7 "During this period my father or brother did not visit us." Correct?
8 A. That is correct.
9 Q. Now, just moving on to the next page, at page 8 of your statement.
10 You're referring there to some days spent in Vecici, where you were in the
11 cellar, and then you're referring there to your father coming back. If
12 you look at the third paragraph there, this is in relation to that
13 discussion about whether you should stay with your mother or go with your
14 father. What you have there is: "They discussed the option of whether I
15 should stay with my mother and go to Travnik with the convoy or instead
16 accompany my father and the other fighters who were going to attempt to
17 escape through the woods." Correct?
18 A. That's correct.
19 Q. Now, you've also I think given evidence yesterday and today that
20 in terms of the numbers of people who left, it was 500 to 700 people,
21 mainly men, three females, and 15 boys; correct? That was the evidence
22 that you gave in court yesterday, just before we finished. Do you recall
24 A. I said approximate.
25 Q. Of course, approximately, yes. Now, there in your fifth paragraph
1 on page 8, you indicate, of course, that the group was quite big, and you
2 also indicate there that it comprised of all the fighters and some
3 children and about ten women; correct?
4 A. That's correct.
5 Q. Now, just going to page 9 of your statement. And this is
6 something you gave evidence of today. This is the second-last paragraph
7 on page 9. You referred to this officer and you referred to it in this
8 statement as well. It's the last part of your second paragraph from the
9 bottom, in relation to the officer at Grabovica school. This officer was
10 in camouflage uniform. Do you see the portion of your statement that I'm
11 talking about?
12 A. Yes, ma'am
13 Q. "He said: Hey, how are you doing. Then he told us his name,
14 which I don't recall. Then he said," and this is the quote you have in
15 your statement: "You women and children will go to the school and then
16 tomorrow you will go to Travnik. I guarantee that nothing will happen to
17 you." Then he continued: "You have no guilt whatsoever. You'll go to
18 the school, but your fighters will pay for whatever happened. He then
21 A. That's correct.
22 Q. And you also refer in that very last paragraph to -- this is the
23 second sentence, two or three later -- "Two or three hours later our
24 fighters were also brought to the school and the group of fighters were
25 taken upstairs." Correct?
1 A. That is correct.
2 Q. Okay. Now, just going to the very last page of your statement.
3 Again, this is a reference to at that stage when you were trying to get on
4 the bus, and this woman said that she was trying to kill you. And she
5 said: "My two sons were killed at Vecici." You remember that portion, of
6 course. And it was the situation that the soldier actually came and
7 pushed the woman aside so that you could get on the bus; correct?
8 A. That is correct.
9 Q. And again, from what you could see, the soldier was trying to
10 protect you; correct?
11 A. Yes. Correct.
12 Q. Okay. Now, just going to your stays in these various villages
13 that you've given evidence of. It's correct, is it not, that those
14 villages, and I include in that Cirkino Brdo, Hanifici, Garici, and
15 Vakufci, those -- and please, if my pronunciation is not conveying the
16 names, please let me know. But it's your understanding, is it not, that
17 those villages in the local area that gave up their arms and signed the
18 loyalty oaths, that they would not fight with the Serbs, those villages
19 were actually safe for the people who lived there; correct?
20 A. That is correct.
21 Q. You also gave some evidence of having heard about some people
22 being killed at a hospital. This was something that you'd heard. Do you
23 recall the bit of evidence that I'm talking about?
24 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, if we could have a page reference. I
25 don't remember mentioning a hospital.
1 MS. LOUKAS: Well, actually, I don't have the --
2 JUDGE ORIE: Is it yesterday's transcript? Then we could search
3 for the word "hospital" and see whether there's any "hospital" in it. One
4 second, please.
5 MR. HANNIS: Now that you say that, Your Honour, I think there was
6 with regard to -- he was talking about events in Vecici, when a group of
7 Serbs broke through the lines and then I think he mentioned the hospital.
8 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. We'll find that.
9 MS. LOUKAS: Yes, Your Honour. It's page --
10 THE INTERPRETER: May counsel please speak into the microphone.
11 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Loukas, you're invited to speak into the
13 MS. LOUKAS: Yes. It's just a little difficult because the laptop
14 is a long way from the microphone. But I could use this microphone.
15 Q. The bit of evidence I'm talking about, Mr. Pasic, is -- yes, I
16 think this was information that you'd heard from others that they entered
17 the village, they broke the line, they got there and they burnt 30 houses
18 and killed everyone that was there and even a hospital that we know.
19 Because my cousin was in the hospital and he survived from the hospital
20 when they came to kill everybody, and he was telling us how everything --
21 Do you see the portion that I'm talking about? Do you recall
22 giving that evidence?
23 A. I remember now.
24 Q. Now, obviously it's correct that you don't have any idea about
25 what was going on immediately, no direct knowledge, of course, no direct
1 knowledge about what was going on immediately before they were killed;
3 A. I'm sorry. Can you -- can you rephrase that question, please.
4 Q. Certainly. I'm happy to do that. What I'm dealing with here is
5 you understand the difference between something that you --
6 THE INTERPRETER: Can counsel kindly speak into the microphone.
7 MS. LOUKAS:
8 Q. -- something you saw for yourself, as opposed to something you
9 heard from someone else; correct?
10 A. Yes.
11 Q. You understand that distinction? And that's the distinction that
12 I'm making there. So it's a relatively simple question, and it's just
13 that you have no direct knowledge as to what actually occurred in relation
14 to that incident; correct?
15 A. That's correct.
16 JUDGE ORIE: You mean by the incident, the hospital?
17 MS. LOUKAS: The hospital incident, Your Honour, yes.
18 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
19 MS. LOUKAS:
20 Q. Now, I think you also indicated earlier in your evidence yesterday
21 that when you were in your village that you saw some Serb soldiers, and
22 one particular Serb soldier seemed to be very agitated and was saying:
23 There is no place for you here. But the -- you said the other soldier was
24 very kind and asked you nicely: What are you doing here?
25 Do you recall that part of the evidence?
1 A. Yes, I remember saying it.
2 Q. And in fact, I think that he offered you two soldiers so that you
3 could go to Garici; correct?
4 A. That is correct.
5 Q. And one of those soldiers who accompanied you in fact tried to --
6 well, in fact did protect you from an angry Serb woman; correct?
7 A. That's correct.
8 MS. LOUKAS: Now, Your Honour, I just need to check something from
9 today's transcript, and I just need ten seconds to do that, if I may.
10 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
11 MS. LOUKAS:
12 Q. Mr. Pasic, just in relation to some questions that the Prosecutor
13 asked you today. Do you recall being asked this question in relation to a
14 document that you were shown: "Was there any other group of soldiers that
15 size leaving the Vecici village area at that time other than the one that
16 you were with, if you know?" And your answer was: "I don't know."
17 That's at page 20 of the transcript today, for the benefit of Your Honours
18 and the Prosecution, and that's in reference to Prosecution Exhibit number
20 Now, you remember that question and answer, Mr. Pasic?
21 A. Yes.
22 Q. And later on, Mr. Hannis, a few questions later, asked you this
23 question: "Was there any third group out of Vecici village?" And your
24 answer was: "No, sir."
25 Do you remember that answer, those two answers?
1 A. Yes.
2 Q. Now, I take it, in essence, that what you're saying there is that
3 you actually don't know; to your knowledge, there wasn't, but you don't
4 know for certain. I guess that's basically the import of what you're
5 trying to get across there; is that correct?
6 A. What I'm trying to say: In the group that I was with 200 people,
7 when we got ambushed, I don't know what happened on that hill. I don't
8 know how many people left there. I know 15 to 20 people, armed soldiers,
9 young boys, decided to fight Serbs. Like I mentioned before, that long
10 group, I don't know what happened to the rest of the people, but the group
11 that I was in, we left towards Grabovica. I don't know what happened up
12 there. First of all, we thought everyone got killed.
13 Q. Okay. So that's basically your answer in relation to that aspect
14 of your evidence; correct?
15 A. Correct.
16 MS. LOUKAS: No further questions, Your Honour.
17 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you, Ms. Loukas.
18 Mr. Hannis, is there any need to put any further questions to the
20 MR. HANNIS: No, Your Honour.
21 JUDGE ORIE: Mr. Pasic, I have a few questions to you, some of
22 them just being requests for clarification
23 Questioned by the Court:
24 JUDGE ORIE: You just answered a question of Ms. Loukas, saying
25 that you did not observe yourself the incident at the hospital of which
1 you told us and which you learned about through your aunt. Your testimony
2 about the hospital is embedded in what you said you observed from
3 Cirkino Brdo, when Vecici was attacked. You said that you saw 30 houses
4 burned. And you told us about using binoculars. You observed the burning
5 of those houses when the forces entered Vecici yourself, even if at a
7 A. That is correct, Your Honour. We were -- at that time I remember
8 clearly that was I believe third day of the air striking when we were at
9 Cirkino Brdo. As I mentioned before, we watched them entering Vecici
10 village from that side. It was clear to see it, because there was an
11 opening and when they entered the village, we saw the smoke coming from
12 the houses, and later on firing started, and like 20 to 30 minutes later
13 on we saw them coming, running through the field back to Vrbanjci. And
14 that's when we noticed that -- we were crying. As a matter of fact, I was
15 right next to my mom. She was crying and saying: Oh, my god. They're
16 going to kill them all.
17 JUDGE ORIE: And could you see from that distance that these were
18 Serb soldiers?
19 A. With the binoculars, clearly.
20 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you. Then I have one question in relation to
21 the arms. You told us that you had to disarm when you left the tunnel,
22 when you surrendered. Could you give us an indication on what type of
23 weapons there were, and also the quantities. Because you testified that
24 at an earlier stage, that there was hunting rifles and a few automatic
25 weapons. That was a few stages before that. What kind of weapons were
1 still available to the group when you left that tunnel?
2 A. As I mentioned before, Your Honour, my dad was a hunter, and I
3 remember he had a gun and a hunting gun. When we left that tunnel, mainly
4 with pistols, I remember that, and hunting guns, and I believe a few
5 automatic weapons. When they -- I did not see them, but once the men,
6 they rised them up in the air, that's when I saw them. And my dad, I
7 remember seeing him putting the gun on the left-hand side. That's what
8 they told us, to put them down.
9 JUDGE ORIE: Could you tell us: Did all men, apart perhaps from
10 the children or the boys, did they all carry arms?
11 A. No, sir.
12 JUDGE ORIE: Would you tell us approximately what percentage. Was
13 it one out of two, one out of four, one out of six?
14 A. I would say, in my opinion, out of 200 people that were in the
15 tunnel, no more than 15 to 20 had weapons.
16 JUDGE ORIE: Could you also tell us what weapons the Serb soldiers
17 had who you were ambushed by?
18 A. I remember when we were coming out of tunnel, we found a mistake
19 and a M-48 was used to -- they were firing above our heads. Four of them
20 sitting in the trench. I remember that clearly. Mainly automatic
21 weapons, and also hand-grenades. Because when we were on this side of the
22 hill they were above us, because we could hear them talking on the
23 megaphone. They started throwing hand-grenades down because they saw us
24 coming, and as a matter of fact I believe they knew that we were going to
25 go this way because like I mentioned we had a guy who was collaborating
1 with them.
2 JUDGE ORIE: Then a question of a totally different nature. I
3 noticed that going back to this period of your life, of course, made you
4 very emotional. Did you ever receive any professional help in overcoming
5 what you experienced at that time?
6 A. No, sir. But I know, last night, these past two nights I've been
7 dreaming again, and even my wife, you know, saw me jumping. It's hard
8 when you go back and experience that. I know I was really sick first two
9 months when we escaped to -- I had that truck in my mind every time I go
10 to bed and I'd wake up: They're going to run over us. I had that picture
11 in my mind and it was hard to get it out of it. But, you know, life now
12 moves on, and I'm in America, you know, busy life. And every time I go
13 back to this and start thinking about this, it brings back a lot of
14 memories and I have nightmares.
15 JUDGE ORIE: So you never received any psychiatric or
16 psychological treatment. Do you take any medication in order to suppress
17 those bad moments?
18 A. No, Your Honour.
19 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you very much for these answers. Do they
20 trigger any need for further questions by the parties?
21 MR. HANNIS: No.
22 MS. LOUKAS: No.
23 JUDGE ORIE: Mr. Pasic, as I told you before, of course the
24 Chamber has observed how emotional it was for you to go back to a period
25 of your life and to testify about it, just as you also explained in the
1 answer to my last question. The Chamber very much appreciates that you
2 came, that you testified, that you answered the questions of both parties
3 and of the Bench, and we wish you a safe trip home again, and also
4 strength, because what you testified about, if you have gone through such
5 an experience, you need strength for the future. Thank you for coming.
6 THE WITNESS: Thank you, Your Honour.
7 JUDGE ORIE: Madam Usher, could you please escort Mr. Pasic out of
8 the courtroom.
9 [The witness withdrew]
10 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Before I ask Madam Registrar to assist us, I
11 would have one procedural issue I'd like to raise, which doesn't take me
12 any more than two or three minutes. We could do that after the break. We
13 could read some 92 bis statements into the transcript. Are there any
14 other issues we would have to discuss?
15 MS. LOUKAS: Well, no, Your Honour. There is a procedural issue
16 that I would wish to raise, but it's an issue that I can raise after the
17 break. And I note the time. I think it's -- it is the time for the
19 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. It's the time for the break now. I just
20 wondered if it was just a matter of two minutes and if we would not have
21 to come back, then of course we could deal with it. But we have still so
22 much on our agenda that we'll have a break now.
23 We'll adjourn until a quarter past 4.00.
24 --- Recess taken at 3.51 p.m.
25 --- On resuming at 4.20 p.m.
1 JUDGE ORIE: Mr. Hannis, perhaps we first start with the most
2 recent matters, and that is, exhibits in relation to Mr. Pasic.
3 Madam Registrar, could you assist us, please.
4 THE REGISTRAR: P349, photograph of a damaged mosque. P350 and
5 350.1, extraordinary session of the War Presidency. P351 and P351.1,
6 combat report to Srpska Republica, number 441/458. P352 and 352.1, combat
7 report to Republika Srpska army, number 441/459. P353 and 353.1, combat
8 report to the Main Staff dated 05 November 1992.
9 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you. Any objections? Ms. Loukas.
10 MS. LOUKAS: Yes, Your Honour. There's no objection to the
11 documents that have been indicated. I will just place one matter on the
12 record, and that is that there is a translation issue in relation to one
13 of the documents. That's P350. And Ms. Cmeric has already conveyed the
14 particular aspect that's in dispute to Mr. Hannis.
15 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. So we'll -- Mr. Hannis.
16 MR. HANNIS: Yes, Your Honour. I have been given that document,
17 and just based on my review of it, I think the changes suggested by the
18 Defence are correct, even though it is a CLSS translation. The same word
19 in B/C/S is translated different in one place and it seems to me it would
20 make sense to use the same English word in all places it appears. We
21 will --
22 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Unless of course sometimes the context asks for
23 different translations, but I'll leave that to you and the CLSS. So I
24 take it you'll finally make up your mind and that you'll provide us with a
25 new copy of 350.1.
1 MR. HANNIS: I will, Your Honour.
2 JUDGE ORIE: You may have noticed that Madam Registrar has
3 shortened a bit the description of the exhibits. Not on paper, but she
4 reads as far as necessary in order to identify the documents as unique
5 documents, and you'll find very often a bit broader description on paper
6 as we're used to.
7 So then 349, 350, without translation, and then 351, up to and
8 including 353, including translation, are admitted into evidence. And we
9 get a new translation of 350, which then will bear the number 350.1.
10 Yes, Ms. Loukas. There was another procedural issue you'd like to
12 MS. LOUKAS: [Microphone not activated].
13 THE INTERPRETER: Microphone for the counsel.
14 MS. LOUKAS: Always having issues with the microphone, I must say.
15 Your Honour, Your Honours, just in relation to the statement of
16 the witness who just completed his evidence that I used in
17 cross-examination, Your Honours, I propose to tender the statement, in
18 view of the fact that there were significant areas that I did
19 cross-examine on.
20 MR. HANNIS: I have no objection, Your Honour.
21 JUDGE ORIE: No objection. I take it, Ms. Loukas, that wherever
22 you've drawn the attention of the witness to the parts, that's where the
23 most important parts for the Defence.
24 MS. LOUKAS: Indeed, I have, Your Honour. Indeed, I have.
25 JUDGE ORIE: The others, although then in evidence, are not the
1 most important ones for the --
2 MS. LOUKAS: Precisely, Your Honour. I have the relevant
3 documents here in both English and B/C/S.
4 JUDGE ORIE: Madam Registrar, that would be?
5 THE REGISTRAR: D30.
6 JUDGE ORIE: D30, thank you. And the original is English. Is
7 there a B/C/S translation for it? That would then be D30.1. So that
8 Mr. Krajisnik can read it in his own language. Ms. Loukas, if you would
9 allow me just to make one short comment on the cross-examination. As you
10 may have noticed, when you were about to object, you did not really object
11 against Mr. Hannis. I told Mr. Hannis that some of the questions were
12 rather comment than a question to the witness. Well, asking the witness
13 to confirm that his testimony was what it was is also a comment to the
14 extent that you indicated, that it's an important part of the testimony of
15 the witness which is of course just as much I would say comment. Rather,
16 it doesn't bring anything new. There was no need to stop you and you
17 stayed within limits, but if the parties could refrain from putting by
18 their own means the emphasis on what the testimony is, then -- and
19 otherwise, one could even ask ourselves whether the parties could not say
20 of major importance for us is that and that and that part. It's nothing
21 else if you asked witness: Is that what you said? Yes, that's what I
22 said. Okay. And of course the Chamber is aware that that's of importance
23 for the Defence. Every piece of the testimony is important for the
25 MS. LOUKAS: I think I'll have to reread what Your Honour said
1 before I can agree entirely.
2 JUDGE ORIE: Some parts you said: Was this your evidence? Then
3 you repeated it literally, and the witness said yes.
4 MS. LOUKAS: Oh, I see.
5 JUDGE ORIE: These were mainly issues the Chamber can imagine
6 needs some special emphasis as far as the Defence is concerned. Yes. So
7 that's to that extent it's mainly -- it's not asking a question to a
8 witness but it's underlining the answer he gave already at an earlier
9 stage of his testimony.
10 MS. LOUKAS: This is in relation to the Prosecution or to the
12 JUDGE ORIE: Both.
13 MS. LOUKAS: Oh, I see.
14 JUDGE ORIE: Both. You did it as well. That's why I try to make
15 you share the -- no. You did it a couple of times, just asking: Was this
16 your testimony? Yes, this was my testimony. There could be hardly any
17 doubt on whether that was his testimony, just as, well, the one issue
18 where I said it was rather comment than a question to the witness.
19 So --
20 MS. LOUKAS: I think I understand now, Your Honour. It's a
21 generalised observation for both Prosecution and Defence.
22 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
23 MS. LOUKAS: I understand that.
24 JUDGE ORIE: If I was not clear enough, then at least you
25 understood it by now.
1 Is there --
2 MS. LOUKAS: There was a procedural issue I indicated, Your
4 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, please.
5 MS. LOUKAS: Your Honour, just in relation to an issue that from
6 the Defence perspective has arisen particularly in relation to two of the
7 witnesses called this week, for example, and it's a matter that I feel is
8 appropriate to put forward a Defence perspective in relation to the
9 procedures that are being adopted by the Prosecution. If one looks, for
10 example, at Witness 144, the protected witness, his evidence was dealt
11 with via 89(F). This was a witness who, Your Honour, in -- and I won't go
12 into the nature of his position or of his evidence, of course, but this
13 was a witness that one might have expected, and it would be appropriate to
14 be called in terms of a -- on a viva voce basis. If one looks at the
15 witness that we have just dealt with today, Mr. Pasic, that was a witness
16 that could have been dealt with on an 89(F) basis or even conceivably on a
17 92 bis basis because the witness has given evidence previously, rather
18 than bringing the witness all the way from his current country.
19 Now, Your Honour, but I guess the main issue is the use of 89(F),
20 where the Prosecution is exercising its discretion in relation to the use
21 of 89(F). And for my part, I place before the Court the Defence's
22 concerns in relation to the use of 89(F). The last witness, in my
23 submission, would have been appropriate for 89(F) and need not have gone
24 through his -- obviously very emotional evidence in this way, whereas the
25 previous witness, Your Honour, in light of the nature of his evidence,
1 would have been appropriate for viva voce testimony, in my submission.
2 And I do place that marker there, and it is an area on which the Defence
3 submits that the Trial Chamber should give some guidance to the
5 JUDGE ORIE: And would you have any suggestion for that guidance?
6 Because giving guidance is one, but ... I mean, because for one witness
7 you say it should not have been 89(F), for the other it should have been.
8 So guidance goes in two direction. Would you have any criteria in your
10 MS. LOUKAS: Well, Your Honour, obviously the criteria go to the
11 significance of the evidence in relation to what are the major issues in
12 this case. And quite clearly, the sort of evidence given by the last
13 witness, if we are to use the 89(F) procedure, is the sort of evidence
14 that might be appropriate for an 89(F) procedure, whereas we would submit
15 the sort of evidence given by 144 is not appropriate for 89(F), if one
16 makes the comparison. And it was quite a stark example this week, and
17 from the Defence perspective we wish to place that before the Trial
19 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Especially you draw our attention to the
20 significance of the --
21 MS. LOUKAS: Indeed, Your Honour.
22 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. We'll consider whether the Chamber will give
23 some guidance as you requested to the Prosecution. We'll take some time
24 to discuss it.
25 MS. LOUKAS: Indeed, Your Honour.
1 The other aspect, of course, is in relation to the reading of
2 92 bis summaries. One of the summaries proposed to be read today relates
3 to the transcript, that is, Mr. Adil Draganovic, a witness from
4 Sanski Most, who was dealt with under 92 bis. Now, Your Honour, there was
5 the -- the significance of this is, of course, that this is not merely
6 meant to be a summary of a statement, but what is put forward by the
7 Prosecution is transcript from previous testimony. And in those
8 circumstances, Your Honour, I would submit that it's incumbent upon the
9 Prosecution to also include a summary of the cross-examination.
10 Just prior to Your Honours coming into court I raised this issue
11 with both Mr. Gaynor and Mr. Hannis, because I said I objected to the
12 reading of a summary of this nature when the material -- I mean, if these
13 summaries are for the information of the public so that they know what
14 sort of information is being tendered, where there's transcript being
15 tendered, to merely summarise the evidence in chief, Your Honours, is in
16 my submission inadequate.
17 JUDGE ORIE: Mr. Hannis, if we want to inform the public about -
18 or Mr. Gaynor - about what is in evidence, would you agree that testimony
19 given in cross-examination would just be as important as in chief?
20 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, that's difficult for us to judge which
21 portions of cross-examination should be summarised. One thing that we do
22 do in looking at the cross-examination in a transcript and deciding what
23 to put in our summary is that if an answer given or an explanation given
24 in cross-examination, then cuts down from something that was said in
25 direct examination, we're not going to put that direct examination
1 statement in the summary. But I propose to Ms. Loukas that perhaps they
2 want to write a cross-examination summary. Because I don't know that I'm
3 going to be able to do a satisfactory job for the Defence of summarising
4 what they think is important in the cross-examination.
5 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. But it's, of course, we'll leave out from the
6 summaries what's totally unimportant, but I think that -- first of all,
7 the summaries could be relatively short. I was about to give an
8 indication on what was the subject of the testimony. And isn't it true
9 that counsel always should be aware of what is very important for the
10 other party? So I would not accept that counsel were not in a position to
11 see what the other party considers to be important. But again, these
12 summaries are provided to the other party before being read in court. So
13 if there's any need to introduce a specific element of the
14 cross-examination, I take it that then the Defence will indicate so.
15 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, we would like to do that. I know with
16 this particular witness that if I were on the Defence side, I suppose one
17 point I would want to make about this witness is that there are some
18 issues that bear on his credibility. For example, there were some
19 allegations about his behaviour as a judge at some point in time. That
20 might be important. But I don't know if that's something that needs to go
21 in the 92 bis summary.
22 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. But, of course, this raises another matter, and
23 that is to what extent the summaries should reflect -- perhaps it should -
24 specific issues, questions raised in view of the reliability of that
25 witness. Of course, that's very difficult to summarise that, because you
1 quickly would come to a point where you are taking position on whether a
2 certain answer is an indication of unreliability or not. We'll give it
3 some thought, and perhaps for the witness just discussed, perhaps the
4 parties could sit together so that that statement would not be read or, if
5 they have already agreed upon it, that it could be --
6 MR. HANNIS: In that event, Your Honour, perhaps we won't read
7 this one today and save it for a later occasion?
8 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. And see whether the suggestions of the Defence
9 could be followed.
10 Ms. Loukas, is there --
11 MS. LOUKAS: Yes. There's one further remaining procedural
12 matter. Your Honours will recall on the last housekeeping day, on the 4th
13 of October, I raised the issue of the diary of a witness who gave evidence
14 in late May of this year. And it was indicated by the Prosecution that
15 they were in possession of that diary and had been in possession of that
16 diary, for some time, and had not conveyed it to us. In the
17 circumstances, Your Honour, I can indicate that on the 8th of October we
18 received in court, and by e-mail, a statement of the relevant witness in
19 relation to the diary. I would convey to the Court the Defence's dismay
20 that something -- the statement, in fact, is dated the 2nd of July. Your
21 Honour, that sort of delay in informing the Defence is entirely
22 unacceptable. The fact is that the witness in question gave a declaration
23 in relation to his -- sorry. The investigator, sorry, gave a declaration
24 in relation to the diary in Banja Luka on the 3rd of June.
25 This sort of delay in conveying information to the Defence - that
1 is, from June and July until October - is, as I've indicated, Your Honour,
2 unacceptable from the Defence perspective.
3 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. That's not the diary that still had to be
4 copied, or is it?
5 MS. LOUKAS: Your Honour, it's a diary that was to be conveyed to
6 the Tribunal.
7 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. I think -- but it first had to be copied.
8 Isn't that -- or am I now confusing two diaries?
9 MR. HANNIS: I think there's another diary you're thinking about.
10 JUDGE ORIE: Okay.
11 MR. HANNIS: This is one that we have now provided the B/C/S -- a
12 copy of this witness's diary to the Trial Chamber.
13 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Mr. Hannis, the objection by the Defence is
14 mainly about delays in delivering messages to them.
15 MR. HANNIS: Yes, Your Honour. And I have to take responsibility
16 for that.
17 JUDGE ORIE: So you accept the criticism as justified?
18 MR. HANNIS: Yes, Your Honour.
19 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Because --
20 MR. HANNIS: We're all engaged in --
21 JUDGE ORIE: Your previous answers you take responsibility but it
22 was not clear yet for what exactly. So the Defence -- the Prosecution
23 accepts the criticism and I take it also will take care that it will not
24 happen again.
25 MR. HANNIS: I will, Your Honour. As you recall, at that time we
1 were all engaged in other matters that were keeping us very busy as well.
2 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Apologies accepted. I understood it as
4 MS. LOUKAS: It's important to be gracious at moments like these,
5 Your Honour.
6 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you, Ms. Loukas.
7 Then any other procedural issue?
8 MR. STEWART: Well, I have something, Your Honour. I'm perfectly
9 happy for Mr. Hannis to go first.
10 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, while we had time I was going to try and
11 suggest we go through some exhibits on some previous witnesses, but --
12 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. You're talking about 200 until 203 or not yet?
13 MR. HANNIS: No. Still not ready on that one, Your Honour.
14 Mr. Margetts's witness earlier in the week, 144, there were still a couple
15 of matters. And for the witness from October 5th, KRAJ 191,
16 Mr. Medanovic, his exhibits.
17 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Okay, Mr. Stewart.
18 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, I haven't been here all week. I knew
19 you were missing me, and of course the other way around as well, Your
20 Honour, naturally. But I've actually come for a specific purpose.
21 Your Honour, I see my client of course in the course of this week,
22 and particularly I went with Ms. Cmeric to see him this morning. And
23 there is a practical issue, Your Honour, which I hope the Trial Chamber
24 can help with. I mentioned it to Mr. Hannis just before we came into
25 court. For the last two or three weeks, I think it is or something like
1 that, we've been having discussions with the Registry in connection with
2 the possibility of some members, not very many, but some members of the
3 team of investigators out in Republika Srpska, Bosnia and Herzegovina,
4 coming to The Hague to have discussions with Mr. Krajisnik and of course
5 with members of the Defence team. It's clear that Mr. Krajisnik can't go
6 to them.
7 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
8 MR. STEWART: From a practical point of view, it's also
9 exceptionally difficult for the Defence team to find time to go to them as
10 well. This is not been easy because there are all sorts of policies and
11 practices and restrictions and so on, some of which have been very
12 helpfully and very flexibly treated in relation to this situation. So
13 that in principle, we do have approval for investigators to come and see
14 Mr. Krajisnik out at the UN Detention Unit. But of course that raises the
15 question of when.
16 This discussions has been going on for some time. Mr. Krajisnik,
17 with justification, we submit, is extremely anxious that this should
18 happen as soon as possible, and we would have liked to set it up a little
19 while ago, but there have been all sorts of hoops and hurdles and so on.
20 So it's in a sense a little overdue anyway. This morning we considered
21 and looked at what were the possibilities, and I should preface this, Your
22 Honour, by saying we got to -- carts to come before horses and so on. We
23 haven't got a confirmed date for the investigators to come, but we believe
24 that they are pretty flexible and available at reasonably short notice.
25 So I can't say we have a date. But, Your Honour, we do have a date in
1 mind which I mentioned to Mr. Hannis, which I now raise with the Trial
2 Chamber. And another point, I should mention it, it is not possible for
3 the investigators to go and see Mr. Krajisnik at the weekend.
4 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
5 MR. STEWART: That might not be totally satisfactory anyway. It's
6 a dead issue because it's simply not possible. It has to be during the
7 week. I hope that Your Honours will see that from a practical point of
8 view, for that to happen while the Trial Chamber is sitting on the case is
9 also not really feasible. The hours they're left in the day and the
10 energy left in the day and then the investigators are here in The Hague
11 while Mr. Krajisnik is in court. So from a practical point of view, time
12 is --
13 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, I do understand.
14 MR. STEWART: -- needed to do so. So Your Honour --
15 JUDGE ORIE: You had a date in your mind.
16 MR. STEWART: Yes. Cutting to the chase, Your Honour, as we say:
17 Specific dates that we did have in mind, subject to confirming, but we're
18 reasonably confident about that, would be Thursday, the 4th, and Friday,
19 the 5th of November. And there are a number of different reasons which
20 would seem to fit together in a positive way, including the fact that --
21 and this I sprung it on Mr. Hannis a few minutes ago, but it seems that
22 that also doesn't probably cause major disruption in terms of scheduling
23 and witness availability as far as the Prosecution are concerned. And it
24 does fit in as well as any other dates in a practical way and is quite
25 soon. It's probably as soon as realistically can be managed without
1 disruption to the Trial Chamber and everybody else. So, Your Honour, we
2 do need to double-check, of course, that they could come that date.
3 Otherwise there would be no point.
4 But that's the position, Your Honour, and that's in principle our
6 JUDGE ORIE: Mr. Stewart, two questions arise: The first one is
7 whether it -- because we're quite close to that date, whether it would
8 cause major problems to the Prosecution. If so, we'll have to see what to
10 The second question is that these are two days that we're supposed
11 to sit in court. Would the Defence agree that perhaps at a later stage
12 during a period where we were supposed not to sit, that we have two
13 additional days then so that it's budgetary neutral, as they say nowadays,
14 I think.
15 MR. STEWART: Well, Your Honour, with -- I was very much hoping
16 that Your Honour wouldn't take that attitude because this is --
17 JUDGE ORIE: I'm not taking an attitude. I'm just asking a
19 MR. STEWART: Well, all right. I beg your pardon, Your Honour, if
20 I was -- all right, I withdraw that. Your Honour is asking the question
21 then. With respect, Your Honour, it's -- it fits in with the case but it
22 is extra work, Your Honour. We really would strongly urge the Trial
23 Chamber not then to try balance it with those days which are -- they're
24 less than is needed, Your Honour, anyway.
25 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. You'll understand in a couple of minutes from
1 now on why perhaps I put this question at this moment. But so I do
3 Mr. Hannis, have you already considered the 4th and 5th of
5 MR. HANNIS: Mr. Stewart did speak to me about this during the
6 break. We do have witnesses scheduled for that week. Whether it's a
7 major problem, it's always a problem because, you know, the witnesses
8 react a certain way when they are scheduled and then they are rescheduled,
9 and it has a cumulative effect. But it's less of a problem on those two
10 days than some other days would be. But again, we would ask to consider
11 the possibility of having this meeting during a time when we weren't going
12 to sit anyway. But I don't know what the rest of the Defence's schedules
14 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Because the -- I would say the days that would
15 first come into the mind of the Chamber might be the -- just the week
16 after that. 4th and the 5th are a Thursday and Friday, you said?
17 MR. STEWART: Yes, they are, Your Honour.
18 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. The Friday the 12th is a UN holiday. Of course
19 we would not sit -- if you would delay it for one week, it would fall well
20 within the one sitting weeks.
21 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, we discussed this this morning with
22 Mr. Krajisnik. All I can say, I speak for Mr. Krajisnik, but I do
23 certainly pass on his views. His reaction to -- in fact, I had suggested
24 that following week first of all as a possibility, but Mr. Krajisnik's
25 reaction was extremely negative, to a further delay of a week. And in
1 fairness to Mr. Krajisnik, well, of course, I should above all be fair to
2 Mr. Krajisnik, Your Honour.
3 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
4 MR. STEWART: But in fairness, this is an issue which has been
5 already boiling along for several weeks while we tried to get the
6 practical aspects sorted out. So -- and Your Honour, it's quite a
7 tight -- Mr. Krajisnik wishes to have quite a lot of time with the
8 investigators. It's quite a time-consuming matter for us, the Defence
9 team, to participate in this exercise as well, and we are, Your Honour,
10 faced with a really very heavy programme of witnesses coming up. I don't
11 really submit there could be any serious argument about that. So I'm
12 urging Your Honour to help us as much as possible in relation to the
13 timetable and the dates and the availability of days.
14 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
15 MR. STEWART: May I mention while I'm on my feet, Your Honour.
16 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
17 MR. STEWART: It's slightly linked to this, although it's a
18 separate point. It's this: That we hope that in all the planning and the
19 scheduling by the Prosecution - in fact, we invite the Prosecution to have
20 regard to this - that something could be borne in mind which may not be
21 sufficiently appreciated until one actually comes across it in practice,
22 which is this: For example, we have a witness coming up, if he is in fact
23 allowed to give evidence at all. But we have a witness coming up later in
24 November, subject to an application to give evidence. If he does, there
25 is total of 235 pages of transcripts of interviews with that witness.
1 There's another witness scheduled for the next few weeks who has
2 130 pages of transcript, and then there's another one who is scheduled, if
3 he comes at all, to come rather later in the new year, but 200 and
4 something pages. But several hundred pages of interviews. Mr. Krajisnik
5 only has available to him in relation to those the English transcript and
6 the B/C/S audiotape. And we discussed this with him this morning as well.
7 Mr. Krajisnik is quite clearly, according to our assessment, under
8 enormous pressure in relation to this case, and is already staying up well
9 after midnight in order to work on this matter, and he has to be in court
10 for five days and travel backwards and forwards. A rough calculation,
11 Your Honour, is we believe, as best we can judge, interviews probably go
12 at broadly the same pace as court proceedings. Court proceedings seem to
13 produce about 20 pages of transcript an hour. So 235 pages of transcript
14 of interviews is 10 or 11 hours of audiotape for Mr. Krajisnik to listen
15 to. Just listening through once. And he comments, by the way, that
16 sometimes the quality is not terribly good so it is really rather tiring.
17 But if Mr. Krajisnik then has got to listen to 11 hours of B/C/S audiotape
18 just once before he even goes back, or pauses to make any notes, or to
19 think about it or to work on it, this is extremely burdensome for him, and
20 we would remind Your Honour the decision has already been taken. But
21 bearing in mind also that Mr. Krajisnik has to deal with transcripts only
22 by listening to audiotapes, because the decision is that he does not have
23 available to him B/C/S transcripts. This is an enormous burden, and any
24 scheduling of witnesses simply has to take account of that. And it's --
25 of course I'm sure the Prosecution are aware in general terms that some of
1 these matters have to be dealt with in this way, but it's only actually by
2 discussing then with Mr. Krajisnik and hearing his description of exactly
3 how he has to work and how long it takes and how much time it takes that
4 one does get the full picture of potentially how enormously burdensome and
5 exhausting this process can be.
6 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
7 MR. STEWART: I think I've said enough really to indicate the
8 nature of the difficulty, Your Honour.
9 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. I think it's quite clear the point, the issue
10 you pointed out.
11 Well, first of all, the days off. Of course, the Chamber also
12 noted that sometimes the examination of a witness takes less time than the
13 scheduled. That happens. Not only this week, but it happened before as
15 So therefore, we gain some time now and then. I'd rather first
16 hear from the parties whether 4th and the 5th would be chosen in such a
17 way that it would cause not too many problems. I did already understand,
18 Mr. Hannis, that it might not cause insurmountable problems. And of
19 course the Chamber would have to consider whether or not to ask
20 compensation, as you wouldn't like, but of course we have to consider it.
21 I put the question to you. Perhaps the Chamber would also like to know
22 more about what exactly is the difference between the 4th and the 5th of
23 November and the 12th, which is a UN holiday, and the 15th until the 19th
24 of November, which is the following week, in which we're not sitting
1 MR. STEWART: Well, Your Honour, I can help a little bit on that.
2 So far as the difference between the 4th and the 5th, and let's say the
3 11th and the 12th are concerned --
4 JUDGE ORIE: Well, I would rather think about the 12th and the
5 15th -- or 15th and 16th, yes.
6 MR. STEWART: Well, may I take it in steps, Your Honour --
7 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
8 MR. STEWART: -- first of all. So far as the difference --
9 because I'll deal with that matter as well. So far as the difference
10 between the 4th and 5th and 11th and 12th are concerned the difference is
11 in effect a week.
12 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
13 MR. STEWART: That's it. I mean, it isn't really any more than
14 that because there's no -- in principle there's no greater difficulty. In
15 a sense we use up, if you like, the UN holiday. That may -- I haven't
16 checked this, Your Honour. That can present considerable difficulties as
17 far as access at the UNDU is concerned. So that is something to bear in
18 mind. It's not the easiest of days.
19 I should also say, Your Honour, that planning with two counsel
20 dealing with the process, this schedule of witnesses is not easy, so a
21 great deal of planning has already been done in relation to particular
22 days and weeks, some weeks ahead. But the concern on Mr. Krajisnik's part
23 that a week is a week is a legitimate concern. And we feel it as well, as
24 his Defence team, that really the sooner we are well overdue to get to
25 grips with what's been done and the work that's been done and the material
1 in Pale and elsewhere.
2 So we support Mr. Krajisnik's view that a week earlier is a good
4 So far as the following week is concerned, Your Honour, well, we
5 have -- it is then very disruptive for the Defence, in a way that is
6 probably on balance considerably more disruptive than any consequences
7 of 4th and 5th. We have to then do all kinds of rescheduling and
8 replanning. It's not impossible, but it's very disruptive, both within
9 the Defence team and beyond the Defence team to all sorts of other people.
10 But, well, if we have to do it, we have to do it. But, Your Honour, the
11 witnesses coming along after that break are very heavy witnesses. And
12 when Your Honour says a day is saved, the fact we're not sitting tomorrow
13 saves, if you like, a Loukas day; it saves Ms. Loukas a day in court,
14 because we can rarely afford for both of us to be in court anyway, and
15 Your Honour will notice that we hardly ever are. So it saves a Loukas
16 day. It doesn't save a Stewart day as it happens because I wasn't coming
17 anyway tomorrow.
18 JUDGE ORIE: Of course it also saves Mr. Krajisnik day.
19 MR. STEWART: It does save Mr. Krajisnik's day, of course. That
20 goes without saying, Your Honour. But in relation to the investigators,
21 the important thing, and Mr. Krajisnik's concern is that the investigators
22 should come.
23 But Your Honour I just mention it -- I've mentioned it before.
24 This is a lot of time for us to be involved in the visit of the
25 investigators as well. So we have all the other tasks anyway. Be -- it's
1 not really -- it doesn't solve our problems, Your Honour, to have those
2 two days as non-sitting days and just treat them as the equivalent of two
3 other days when we might not have sat but sit instead. Because this is an
4 extra task for us.
5 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. I do understand your point.
6 Mr. Hannis, would it be possible that you provide the Chamber with
7 a little bit more insight on the scheduling for the coming weeks and also
8 flexibility and where you expect to be a bit shorter? Because we have to
9 consider either 11 -- as alternatives if we would agree with 4, 5, we'd
10 see what inconveniences or what risks that would take -- would bring.
11 We'd also consider perhaps the 11th and 12th as alternatives, and also
12 some days in the week of the 15th to the 18th of November. But we'd like
13 to have a bit more insight then in what this would cause in terms of time
14 but also in terms of witnesses that would have to stay over for a weekend
16 MR. HANNIS: Thank you, Your Honour. With regard to the week of
17 November 1st through the 5th, we had three witnesses scheduled who are all
18 coming from the Balkans basically. And they are all talking about the
19 same municipality. So that was part of the reason to have them come that
20 week. We had anticipated that based on how things are going faster than
21 we've been estimating earlier in the trial, that we might have to try and
22 find a fourth witness to fill that week.
23 So if we don't use a fourth --
24 JUDGE ORIE: For how much time were they scheduled in chief, these
25 three witnesses?
1 MR. HANNIS: 11 and a half hours.
2 JUDGE ORIE: 11 and a half hours.
3 MR. HANNIS: And with 60 per cent --
4 JUDGE ORIE: Would bring us to approximately 18. Well, no. To
5 20. And that's approximately what we would consider a full week.
6 MR. HANNIS: Right.
7 JUDGE ORIE: So if you are looking for a fourth witness, of
8 course, we -- at least you could consider to refrain from that. And --
9 MR. HANNIS: So if we were to use --
10 JUDGE ORIE: If the 11 hours would be brought back to, well, let's
11 say to 8 plus 6 -- plus 4, would be 12 hours, and if we work efficiency,
12 we might be able to do that in three days, which would then create perhaps
13 some extra time without any need to ask for further compensation.
14 Could perhaps the Defence and Prosecution consider whether they
15 think it would be possible to hear these three witnesses scheduled for the
16 1st until the 5th of November with all discipline which the parties always
17 show to have to deal with it in three days, so the 4th and 5th would
18 become available. That's something to be considered.
19 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, that's extremely disruptive. We're
20 getting to the point where the Defence would rather say forget it. We'll
21 just cope with the situation because -- and Mr. Krajisnik will just have
22 to not come to court for a couple of days. Because this is --
23 JUDGE ORIE: What we see is that at the present pace, we're going
24 through witnesses a bit more quickly, and I take it that the Defence was
25 about to prepare for three witnesses to be heard in court during five days
1 for that week.
2 MR. STEWART: Yes, Your Honour. May I say that we prepare in a
3 way that we also have to decide who is doing which witnesses. Your
4 Honour, this is an area where the relative small size of the Defence team,
5 in terms of the numbers of counsel available, which is only two of us, is
6 pretty significant, Your Honour. We have to do very careful planning
7 about who does which witness, on what days. Of course we allow for the
8 fact that witnesses go a little bit quicker. We make estimates. But
9 there's a -- it's quite often it's the position is that a particular
10 witness is being brought for a particular day, and we know that, and that
11 is actually important to us in terms of planning. If we didn't know that,
12 the planning which is already difficult would often become absolutely
13 impossible. It's -- I'm not too -- I should say, Your Honour, I'm not too
14 sanguine in any case about simply being able to squeeze witnesses into
15 fewer days we had in mind. Your Honour, I can assure Your Honour if we
16 felt we could do that, routinely and normally, we would do it anyway. We
17 don't have particular incentive or need to be stretching witnesses.
18 JUDGE ORIE: No, of course.
19 MR. STEWART: It just can't be done sometimes.
20 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, that's not what I am asking. I was just trying
21 to find out whether saving some time on the examination of witnesses in
22 court, which would save two days, either Loukas time or Stewart time, I do
23 understand that there is some -- that there are some -- it would certainly
24 not be easy to reschedule all your preparation activities, but it would --
25 well, let's say two days counsel time and two days time of Mr. Krajisnik
1 not being in court as well, and -- because you are very much opposed
2 against the idea of finding compensation. Of course, we'll not sit any
3 days extra at another time. But of course it creates other problems. I'm
4 aware of that.
5 Let me say the following: We have a few suggestions now on our
6 table. That is, either the 4th or the 5th, without any compensation, and
7 still to be seen what happens during that week. Three witnesses, two
8 witnesses. At least not a fourth witness.
9 Then we have an option to the 11 and the 12th. I haven't heard
10 about the schedule of that week. I also do understand that the 12th would
11 not be a good day because during UN holidays, as you suggested, there
12 might be no possibility of visitors going to the UN Detention Unit.
13 So that might not be a good solution.
14 Then we have an option of having these investigators to come in
15 the week of the 15th until the 18th of November, which was not very much
16 welcomed, as I understand, especially not by Mr. Krajisnik. I'd like the
17 parties to sit together and to see what these options, what would be
18 possible, and whether you could come to any agreement. If not, of course,
19 the Chamber will have to decide whether we'll seek compensation for not
20 sitting, if it would be the 4th and the 5th of November, or that we would
21 say: No. The investigator should preferably come on the week of the 15th
22 until the 19th of November.
23 So I will ask you to reconsider your positions and to see what
24 solution could be reached at. If there's no solution next Monday or
25 Tuesday, then the Chamber will give a decision.
1 MR. HANNIS: We'll meet together and discuss and maybe we can
2 propose something to you tomorrow, Your Honour. I thought as we were
3 talking now of one other possibility, next week has been a difficult week
4 to estimate because -- to estimate because the witness we have coming on
5 Tuesday is a witness who is appearing with regard to a subpoena and
6 there's an issue about whether or not he may be a hostile witness, and it
7 might take a little longer to do his examination-in-chief. Mr. Stewart
8 and I talked about that briefly during the break.
9 There may actually be a little more time next week where we can
10 move up maybe one of the witnesses from the 1st through the 5th of
11 November and put him in at the end of next week. Perhaps the short
12 three-hour witness from Novi Grad that we had scheduled for, I think the
13 2nd and 3rd of November, we could do on Thursday and Friday of next week.
14 Because Friday the only thing we have is the cross-examination by
15 videolink, and I believe that's not going to take very long.
16 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. I do see, Mr. Hannis, that you come up with
17 even another option that might bring us a solution. Of course, I haven't
18 heard your response. I don't -- we don't have to hear it now right away.
19 But if you could sit together and see whether you could find any solution
20 for the problem as far as the 5th and -- 4th and 5th of November is
21 concerned. The Chamber will seriously consider that. And that's where we
22 are at this moment.
23 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, I just reiterate that of course one of
24 the things I have to do straight away, haven't had a chance to do since
25 the discussion this morning, is just double-check the availability of the
1 investigators to come on those dates, because I don't want to waste
2 everybody's time without checking that as soon as I possibly can, which I
4 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, of course. And perhaps if you introduce that in
5 your conversations with Mr. Hannis. And if they would say we are only
6 available on the week of the 15th of November, we'll hear from you.
7 MR. STEWART: Yes, indeed, Your Honour. Yes, of course.
8 JUDGE ORIE: Okay. This issue has been sufficiently dealt with
9 for this moment. We'll hear from the parties at a later stage.
10 Any further issues? Mr. Hannis, procedural ones?
11 MR. HANNIS: Nothing other than what I mentioned earlier, Your
13 JUDGE ORIE: Then I have two additional procedural issues I'd like
14 to raise, one of them in open session, the next one in private session.
15 The Chamber has given it some thought on what the perspectives in
16 this case are, and the Chamber is inclined to issue a scheduling order
17 which would cover the whole of the trial. Of course, it would be not very
18 detailed. The Chamber has considered the matter and has identified a few
19 data which might be important for such a scheduling order, one of them
20 being that the average examination-in-chief of witnesses at this moment is
21 about three hours, each witness; that procedural issues are consuming
22 around 15 per cent of court time. The Chamber would very much like this
23 to be reduced. That the cross-examination is, until now, calculated at
24 about 60 per cent of the examination-in-chief, although frequently takes
1 The Chamber also understands that it might be difficult for the
2 Defence to give an estimate on how many witnesses they would call if they
3 would have to present their case. That would mean that, assuming that
4 after the case presentation by the Prosecution, 98 bis motion would be
5 filed, just an assumption. I don't know whether -- you don't have to
6 express any view at this moment, Mr. Stewart. But let's assume that's now
7 and then what happens, isn't it? And if that motion would not be fully
8 granted, then that would mean that the Defence would have to present its
9 case. And experience learns us that the case presentation of a Defence
10 case usually does take 60 per cent or less of the time Prosecution case
12 So that's an assumption. The Chamber is fully aware of that.
13 These are some basics, to some extent assumptions, to some extent data
14 gained by experience, that the Chamber has used to draft a provisional
15 calendar for the year 2005, 2006, which is there for discussion. It
16 would -- just to give you a short outline. It would include the close of
17 the Prosecution case late April, 22nd of April. It would also include
18 that during the months January until March, we'll not sit during three
19 weeks. Then in -- I'll hand it out to you soon. We have a date set then
20 for when the 98 bis motion should be filed, if the Defence intends to do
21 that, how much time would then be given to the Prosecution and when you
22 could expect a decision on such a motion, if it would be filed. This also
23 makes clear that the purpose is not only to impose a time schedule upon
24 the parties but that the Chamber includes itself in this, I would say,
25 disciplinary exercise, disciplinary to say in the terms of discipline
1 rather than disciplinary as it's often used as far as the legal profession
2 is concerned.
3 Then it continues with what would happen if such a motion, if
4 filed, would not be fully granted, what kind of schedule there would be
5 then and what this would mean for the timing of the close of the Defence
6 case, final briefs, closing arguments and when the judgement to be
8 I hand it out to the parties. It's one A4. Parties are invited
9 next week at an appropriate moment to spend together with the Chamber half
10 an hour on the issue. That would mean that each party can comment on it
11 or make any suggestions, whatever observations the parties would like to
12 make, ten minutes each. And then we have another round of each five
13 minutes. So in half an hour the Chamber gets a clear impression of what
14 position the parties would take in view of such a provisional calendar.
15 That would then probably result in a scheduling order.
16 That's it.
17 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, could I ask a practical matter at this
19 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
20 MR. STEWART: I think it's some weeks ago, I'm not making a big
21 issue of this, some weeks ago I asked the Prosecution, I think I
22 approached Mr. Harmon direct, actually, but I asked the Prosecution if
23 they would just give us information which I assume they must have, on the
24 progress of their case, the number of witnesses that had been heard, how
25 many hours, that --
1 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Until now, we have out of approximately 100
2 scheduled witnesses, we have heard I think 39 or 40. So approximately 60
3 per cent to be left. So there we are. And I think the Prosecution
4 examination-in-chief took until now close to 130 hours. And on the basis
5 of the use of 89(F) and 92 bis, the Chamber has observed that the balance
6 between the time in court and out of court is a bit different from what it
7 was and has taken that into account as well while drafting this
8 provisional calendar. The Chamber also has considered how much time it
9 approximately takes, and on average, every six weeks in court, so time to
10 sit, not weeks of, six weeks allows us, on the basis of witnesses, three
11 of each three hours in chief, allows us to hear some 20 witnesses in six
12 weeks, sitting time.
13 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, my request was in effect a simple and
14 innocent one. I think at some point I sent an e-mail to both the
15 Prosecution and the Trial Chamber, because I suppose that either or both
16 would have the necessary information, and in fact of course I know that
17 the Trial Chamber has the information, because I've seen bits of paper
18 with figures and schedules and markings and so on. My request in effect
19 was, whether it comes from the Prosecution or the Trial Chamber, since
20 this is actually simply not tendentious, but it is just data, if there are
21 printouts, if there is information, which I believe there is, that can be
22 produced, that just shows -- I think it's the sort of data which the Trial
23 Chamber is working from. Please may we have it, because the more
24 information we've got -- because actually what we had had in mind over the
25 last two or three weeks was that we were considering what we could propose
1 by way of constructive scheduling. It's the Trial Chamber's primary
2 responsibility, of course. But if we could have as much as this data
3 which presumably can be run off somebody's computer. That would be
4 extremely hem. It's just factual, isn't it? It's --
5 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, it's factual. I don't know whether everything
6 is computerised. I can tell you that approximately for the remaining 60
7 witnesses, or perhaps 62, 63, that number could still vary as well, we're
8 not quite sure about that, we have taken into account approximately 18
9 weeks of time sitting in court to hear those witnesses. That's more or
10 less in the schedule. Which would bring total examination-in-chief of
11 Prosecution witnesses to approximately 300 hours. And on the basis of
12 what I just said, that would mean some for examination-in-chief of Defence
13 witnesses - of course we do not know that number yet - is calculated at
14 approximately 200 hours in court.
15 MR. STEWART: Indeed. Your Honour, with respect to, all I had in
16 mind was probably the more actual information we have -- the point was
17 really we could do it ourselves over hours and hours. I didn't want
18 Ms. Cmeric, for example, to have to do work that has already been done
19 within the Trial Chamber or the Prosecution.
20 JUDGE ORIE: But whatever information you would need, tell us. Of
21 course, we have given here on this provisional calendar. You see what the
22 result is.
23 MR. STEWART: I see the result, Your Honour. Yes, indeed.
24 JUDGE ORIE: What not to sit, how many weeks not to sit, at what
25 date we would expect what to happen. Of course, the schedule for this
1 year is already clear to the parties. One week of November, I think
2 another two weeks off in December. Not sitting the week of the 10th of
3 January. I think we have a late start. That's the second week of 2005.
4 If there are any questions, please -- perhaps the best thing to do
5 is to put them to Mr. Zahar of Chambers.
6 MR. STEWART: Yes, indeed, Your Honour. Perhaps communicating, if
7 I may, because Mr. Harmon in fact is responsible, Mr. Harmon knows what
8 I'm asking for because he has said he will give it to me, and I realise
9 everybody's got work to do. I think my point is that given what the Trial
10 Chamber is now asking us to consider, please, the sooner then Mr. Harmon
11 and his team can now give me the information which we've been discussing
12 over the last few weeks --
13 JUDGE ORIE: I would suggest that you --
14 MR. STEWART: -- I can actually use it.
15 JUDGE ORIE: I would suggest that you either first address
16 Mr. Zahar who is very much involved in this exercise.
17 MR. STEWART: Certainly, Your Honour. That's a very helpful
18 suggestion and we shall do that.
19 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you. Well, that's -- then we have I think the
20 statistics on how much time that was used until now. It's all there. So
21 it could be -- I mean it's just a matter of computing time.
22 There's one procedural issue I'd like to raise but in private
23 session. Could we turn to private session.
24 [Private session]
11 Page 7335 redacted. Private session.
11 Page 7336 redacted. Private session.
11 Page 7337 redacted. Private session.
22 [Open session]
23 JUDGE ORIE: Since there seem to be no further procedural issues
24 to be raised at this moment, we would conclude for the day.
25 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, we had proposed going through the
1 exhibits for a couple of witnesses.
2 JUDGE ORIE: I do agree.
3 MR. HANNIS: We could read 92 bis summaries or we could save that
4 for spare time next week.
5 JUDGE ORIE: I don't know whether we have any spare time next
6 week. So the Chamber would prefer to have the 92 bis statements read into
7 the transcript, to the extent they are available, and not still be subject
8 to debate between the parties. Yes.
9 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, I don't know which matter you want to
10 proceed with first. All these outstanding exhibits related to
11 Mr. Medanovic.
12 JUDGE ORIE: Oh, you'd first deal with them.
13 MR. HANNIS: And they were Exhibits 309 through 312, I believe.
14 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Madam Registrar, could you assist us.
15 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit P309, 92 bis package. Exhibit P310, map,
16 ethnic composition of Kljuc. P311, photograph of post office and
17 community centre. And P312, photograph of Manjaca Detention Centre, dated
18 30 August 1992.
19 JUDGE ORIE: Any objections?
20 MS. LOUKAS: There's no objection, Your Honours.
21 JUDGE ORIE: Then Exhibits 309 up until and including 312 are
22 admitted into evidence.
23 Then we still have the exhibits of Witness 144. Is that --
24 Mr. Margetts.
25 MR. MARGETTS: Your Honour, the statement has been redacted in
1 accordance with the Court ruling, and we have that to distribute and
2 replace the other statement now.
3 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. That's under seal.
4 Ms. Loukas, you've seen the new redacted version. No objection?
5 MS. LOUKAS: No objection, Your Honour.
6 JUDGE ORIE: Madam Registrar, then we have new versions of
7 P Exhibit?
8 THE REGISTRAR: P325, under seal.
9 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
10 MR. MARGETTS: Your Honour, in regard to Exhibit P330, the Defence
11 raised an objection. I forwarded after court last night an e-mail to the
12 Defence relating to this document, indicating that it had been seized by
13 the Office of the Prosecutor on the 27th of February from the archives of
14 the CSB in Banja Luka. I have some further information --
15 JUDGE ORIE: This year, Mr. Margetts?
16 MR. MARGETTS: Sorry. 27 February 1998.
17 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
18 MR. MARGETTS: I have further information that that seizure on
19 27 February 1998 was conducted in accordance with a search warrant and
20 that the document arrived at the evidence vault of the Office of the
21 Prosecutor on the 9th of March, 1998. The document purports to be a
22 National Security Centre Banja Luka report, and so its seizure from the
23 CSB archives is consistent with its purported origin. I haven't received
24 a response from the Defence as yet to that further information.
25 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Loukas, are you already in a position to respond
1 and tell us whether your objection stands? Because then I would say the
2 seal and the signature remain, but ...
3 MS. LOUKAS: Well, there is still that issue, of course, Your
4 Honour. So my objection still stands.
5 JUDGE ORIE: And is it your position that such a document, if
6 without seal and signature, is not a document that could be admitted into
7 evidence? I mean, I do understand that if a document is signed, that this
8 certainly adds to -- at least could add to the probative value of the
9 document, just assuming that it's not a false signature, et cetera. But a
10 document with signature is more than a document without. But --
11 MS. LOUKAS: Indeed, Your Honour.
12 JUDGE ORIE: As far as admissibility is concerned.
13 MS. LOUKAS: On the question of admissibility, Your Honour, of
14 course, in terms of the Rules of the Tribunal relating to evidence, the
15 Tribunal can inform itself in any way it sees fit, and the traditional --
16 often the traditional Rules of Evidence are dealt with differently here.
17 So the question now becomes one not so much of admissibility but of
19 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
20 [Trial Chamber confers]
21 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Loukas, the matter having been reduced now from
22 admissibility to weight, which is not an unimportant matter, I want to
23 stress that.
24 MS. LOUKAS: I like to think it's very important, Your Honour.
25 JUDGE ORIE: There's no reason not to admit into evidence
1 Exhibit P330. So it's admitted.
2 MS. LOUKAS: Your Honour pleases.
3 JUDGE ORIE: Any further issue.
4 MS. LOUKAS: Oh, of course there's also the translation, Your
5 Honour, the translation of that particular document.
6 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. There were problems about the translation. So
7 I said P330. P330.1 not being included until any problem in respect of
8 translation is resolved.
9 MS. LOUKAS: I can just indicate further in relation to
10 translation, Your Honours will recall that I placed on the record that
11 there were translation issues that Ms. Cmeric had identified, significant
12 translation issues. And the delineation of which particular translation
13 issues they were was conveyed by Ms. Cmeric to Mr. Margetts, and the
14 Prosecution is now fully aware of them.
15 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Mr. Margetts, will we hear --
16 MR. MARGETTS: Yes, Your Honour. We will refer back to CLSS
17 and --
18 JUDGE ORIE: And then you will inform the Chamber. And that would
19 then include 330.1.
20 MR. MARGETTS: Yes.
21 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. So only P330, the original of this document, is
22 admitted into evidence.
23 Any further procedural issues?
24 MR. HANNIS: No, Your Honour, other than reading in some of these
1 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, of course.
2 MR. HANNIS: I don't know if you want to do that after a break.
3 JUDGE ORIE: It seems as if there's some ...
4 [Trial Chamber confers]
5 JUDGE ORIE: Any further issues as far as the Defence is
7 Mr. Krajisnik, no issues?
8 Okay. Then we'll read into the -- let me just have a look at what
9 time we are. Yes. Could you please start reading some 92 bis, and we'll
10 see -- perhaps we might -- if we come to the next break and we're not
11 finished yet, we might leave the others for next week. But could you give
12 it a start, Mr. Hannis.
13 MR. MARGETTS: Your Honour, I'll commence with 92 bis summary for
14 a Sanski Most witness, Mr. Besim Islamcevic. That's KRAJ 040.
15 This witness is a Muslim from Podbrijezje in Sanski Most
16 municipality. He attended a number of meetings as a Muslim
17 representative, with Serb authorities, in Sanski Most in 1992.
18 In March and April of 1992, the witness observed soldiers wearing
19 olive-drab coloured uniforms unloading rifles from two olive-drab coloured
20 JNA trucks. He saw the rifles being distributed to Serb inhabitants.
21 The witness observed people wearing Serbian Defence Forces, that
22 is, SOS, insignia in Sanski Most town destroying Muslim shops and
24 After the Serb authorities in Sanski Most asked for Muslims to
25 surrender their weapons, the witness handed in a pistol.
1 The witness and others heard that the Serb authorities intended to
2 evacuate the Muslim population of Podbrijezje. In the second half of June
3 1992, the witness and other Muslim representatives requested a meeting
4 with Vladimir Vrkes, president of the SDS in Sanski Most. At the meeting,
5 the Serb representatives explained the steps to be taken to organise the
6 evacuation of Muslims from Podbrijezje. Evacuation procedures included
7 signing a document which transferred all of the signer's property to the
8 SDS. The witness and other Muslims signed a loyalty oath to the Serb
10 On 27 July 1992, the witness's father-in-law was in an ambulance
11 marked with a visible red cross, on his way to a regular dialysis
12 appointment when the ambulance was stopped by three Serb soldiers. The
13 soldiers asked for any Muslim patients to come out of the ambulance. The
14 patients complied and were taken away. They remain missing. That night,
15 Podbrijezje was attacked. The witness heard shots and saw burning stables
16 and roofs. The next day, the witness told Vrkes about the attack. Vrkes
17 dismissed it as a "fake attack."
18 Some time after this, the witness met again with Vrkes. Vrkes
19 asked the witness to tell him the content of text which the witness, as a
20 Muslim representative, intended to present at a subsequent meeting with UN
21 representatives in Topusko, the subject of which was the reasons the
22 Muslim population had for wanting to leave Sanski Most.
23 The witness read to Vrkes the text he planned to present at the
24 Topusko meeting. It summarised the situation in Sanski Most at the time.
25 In the text, the witness pointed out that up until that time, good
1 relations had existed between Muslims and Serbs, but then 26 mosques in
2 Sanski Most were destroyed. The witness also stated that the Serb
3 authorities were not in a position to ensure security for property, to
4 provide education, to ensure the right to work, to pension schemes, and
5 medical care; in short, the witness was clear that the survival of the
6 Muslim population in Sanski Most was now under threat. After the witness
7 finished reading, Vrkes totally rejected the witness's draft statement and
8 amended it as he saw fit.
9 On 19 August 1992, the witness attended the Topusko meeting as a
10 representative of the Muslim people in Sanski Most. The witness travelled
11 to the meeting with Vrkes, along with others. En route, between the
12 borders of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia, Vrkes said, "Soon there
13 will be no border here. All this will be one. All this will be Serb
15 At the meeting, the witness presented his revised text to the
16 assembly. Sergio de Mello, the UN representative, asked the Muslims to
17 stay behind at the end of the meeting. The witness told de Mello that
18 there was a lot of disturbance in Sanski Most, such as lootings and
19 destruction of religious buildings and everything else that had been
20 redacted by Vrkes from the speech the witness gave during the meeting.
21 The witness reported two major attacks on the Trnovo and Hrustovo local
22 communes. A large number of civilians had been killed in Hrustovo.
23 De Mello replied that he knew about Hrustovo. De Mello also stated that
24 the UN would not assist in the movement of the population of Sanski Most.
25 The witness describes the obligations of the Muslims to pay
1 outstanding taxes and utility bills and to receive certificates from banks
2 to prove that they had no outstanding debts before the Serb municipal
3 authorities would issue certificates permitting them to leave Sanski Most.
4 The witness describes convoys of Muslims that he saw leaving
5 Sanski Most. None of them left voluntarily, although they were forced to
6 sign papers that stated otherwise. One convoy consisted of 1.080 Muslim
7 refugees from Mahala who had taken refuge in Podbrijezje after Mahala was
8 shelled and set afire. The Serb army and the chief of police rounded up
9 the 1.080 people, expelled them from Podbrijezje. Another convoy
10 consisted of Muslim citizens from part of the right bank of Sanski Most.
11 In early September 1992, the witness and other Muslim
12 representatives met with Vrkes and members of the Serb Crisis Staff. They
13 determined that they would not -- need at least 15 to 20 buses to evacuate
14 the Muslims from Sanski Most.
15 The witness describes --
16 Sorry. This was a mistake. They would need at least 15 to 20
17 buses. Apologies.
18 The witness describes the convoy of lorries and buses carrying
19 approximately 2.500 people, which left Sanski Most, escorted by civilian
20 and military police, on or about 2 September 1992. The Muslims were not
21 leaving voluntarily; they were leaving in order to save themselves and
22 their children.
23 The witness describes his meeting with Karadzic and Rasula on
24 25 September 1992 in Banja Luka. Karadzic encouraged the witness to help
25 the Serb authorities to establish themselves. Karadzic explained to the
1 witness that the Serbs would wage war and that the Muslims would work.
2 Karadzic explained that, after a Serb state was established, those who
3 wanted to remain and work would be allowed to remain, and those who did
4 not would be allowed to leave. Karadzic told Rasula: "Let them work and
5 we will wage war."
6 Throughout the rest of 1992, the witness and other Muslims who
7 remained in Sanski Most performed work duty tasks assigned to them by Serb
8 authorities, including the removal of rubble from sites of destroyed
10 That is the end of the summary.
11 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. I take it that it would be time for another
12 summary to be read, or two short ones.
13 Mr. Hannis.
14 MR. HANNIS: Yes, Your Honour. We have some short ones, and for
15 the sake of the court reporter, I'm going to go out of order and the next
16 one I'm going to read is a witness from Brcko, with protective measures.
17 This is Witness KRAJ 220.
18 JUDGE ORIE: And the protective measures were?
19 MR. HANNIS: This was a witness from the Jelisic case and the
20 protective measures were carried over from that case, Your Honour.
21 JUDGE ORIE: He was -- pseudonym, Madam Registrar? Could you
22 please check. Because witnesses who have testified -- no. It's 92 bis,
23 of course.
24 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, he had a pseudonym in the Jelisic case
25 and we requested a pseudonym in this case as well.
1 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. That's the only protective measure. Please
3 MR. HANNIS: Thank you. This witness was taken from his home in
4 Brcko by Serb soldiers on 6 May 1992 to the Laser bus company and detained
5 there for two days until transferred to Luka Camp. There were
6 approximately 400 Muslims and Croats detained at Luka while the witness
7 was there. Goran Jelisic said he was the boss at Luka.
8 Goran Jelisic killed several civilian detainees between 8 May and
9 18 May 1992 at Luka. The witness personally saw two of those killings.
10 He had to carry a number of dead bodies and clean up the area where the
11 killings took place. He saw piles of dead bodies and notes that a number
12 were thrown into the Sava River.
13 The witness was later taken to Batkovic camp and detained there
14 until he was exchanged on the 12th of October, 1992.
15 JUDGE ORIE: The summary said on or about the 12th.
16 MR. HANNIS: On or about 12 October, 1992. Correct, Your Honour.
17 JUDGE ORIE: Yes.
18 MR. HANNIS: That concludes that summary. Do you want to take a
19 break or ...
20 JUDGE ORIE: I think as a matter of fact if you could read another
21 one, we'll then finish for the day.
22 MR. HANNIS: I will read another -- I will read another one from
23 Brcko. Witness with a pseudonym. This was KRAJ 436. The witness
24 provides evidence of killing and sexual assault in June 1992, when she was
25 aged 13 years.
1 On 21 June 1992, the witness and her family were asleep on the
2 ground floor of her house. A group of soldiers identified themselves
3 as "the police" and ordered the door opened. The family complied and the
4 soldiers came into the house. All of the soldiers were in uniform and
5 were armed. The witness saw a soldier beat and then shoot her
6 grandmother, killing her. The witness was taken out of the house and told
7 by the soldiers that the remainder of her family had also been executed.
8 This information later turned out to be incorrect, but the witness
9 believed that the rest of her family had in fact been killed.
10 The witness was then forced to get into a car with a member of the
11 Bosnian Serb forces. During the drive, the man told the witness, "You
12 have to blame your Alija for this." The man took the witness to an
13 apartment in Brcko, where he detained her for two or three days. At the
14 apartment, the man sexually assaulted the witness several times.
15 That concludes this summary, Your Honour.
16 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you, Mr. Hannis.
17 We'll then conclude not only for the day but for the week as well.
18 We'll not sit tomorrow. I wish the Defence a lot of strength in mastering
19 the EDS system, CaseMap and LiveNote because that's on your programme for
20 tomorrow as far as I understand.
21 MR. STEWART: I've already done it, Your Honour.
22 JUDGE ORIE: So Ms. Loukas is the victim for tomorrow. Yes.
23 Well, I see both Mr. Krajisnik and --
24 MR. MARGETTS: Your Honour, I just wish to bring to your attention
25 that Mr. Krajisnik --
1 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, Mr. Krajisnik.
2 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] For a moment there I thought you had
3 forgotten about me, Your Honour. I would kindly like to address the Trial
4 Chamber, but in a closed session, in relation to an item that you referred
5 to a moment ago where you turned into a private session as well.
6 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. We'll turn into private session. I at the same
7 time look at the clock. We might not have any more than five to seven
9 [Private session]
11 Page 7351 redacted. Private session.
11 Page 7352 redacted. Private session.
11 Page 7353 redacted. Private session.
11 Page 7354 redacted. Private session.
18 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 6.05 p.m.,
19 to be reconvened on Tuesday, the 26th day of
20 October, 2004, at 2.15 p.m.