1 Tuesday, 3 March 2009
2 [Open session]
3 [The accused entered court]
4 --- Upon commencing at 8.57 a.m.
5 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Groome.
6 MR. GROOME: Yes, Your Honour. Thank you. Good morning.
7 Your Honour, last Wednesday on the 25th of February, I brought to
8 the Chamber's attention the Milan Lukic Defence team's non-compliance
9 with the Chamber's order of the 27th of January, 2009, to disclose the
10 identifying information of their witnesses.
11 I requested that the Chamber order them to fully comply before
12 the start of court on Thursday the 26th, and the Chamber ordered
13 precisely that at transcript page 4809.
14 The Defence did not comply with that order. Further, our
15 correspondence since that order was issued seeking to remind them of the
16 order has gone ignored. The Milan Lukic Defence has ignored our
17 correspondence, has ignored two direct and clear orders of the Court. I
18 submit this is a very, very important matter. I bear the burden of
19 establishing that these witnesses do not raise a reasonable doubt, a task
20 that is very difficult to discharge when I do not know with any certainty
21 who in fact they are.
22 I now ask the Court to direct the Milan Lukic Defence by the
23 start of the second session this morning to provide the Prosecution with
24 a list of all remaining witnesses with the biographical information
25 ordered by the Court. If they fail to comply, I ask the Chamber not to
1 allow them to call any additional witnesses until they have complied with
2 the Chamber's previous orders.
3 It undermines the integrity of this trial to proceed in the face
4 of the Defence's utter disregard of its procedural obligations and its
5 flagrant failure to abide by clear directives of the Chamber.
6 JUDGE ROBINSON: Now, this relates to what particular witnesses?
7 MR. GROOME: Your Honour, we have not received the dates of
8 birth, the father's name, the mother's name, the place of birth of many
9 of the remaining Defence witnesses. I need that information to do some
10 investigation, to make requests of governments with respect to whether
11 these people have any criminal convictions. All of that takes some time,
12 and as I said last week, Your Honour, as yet I've not yet had to ask the
13 Chamber to defer cross-examination, but I fear the time is coming when I
14 will not have heard back or will not have the results of any of our
15 investigative efforts. I will be asking the Chamber to postpone the
16 cross-examination until we can complete it. This is information that we
17 should have had prior to the start of the Defence case. We are now about
18 midway through the Defence case, and we still have not been provided this
20 JUDGE ROBINSON: So what you want would be the dates of birth of
21 the witnesses, the father's name, the mother's name, the place of birth.
22 Mr. Alarid, why haven't you provided that? It seems to me to be
23 a monumental task.
24 MR. ALARID: Well, Your Honour, with some witnesses it has been,
25 and we have given the Prosecution all information within our control.
1 Accordingly, people that we're not able to get confirmation on, these
2 sort of tangential witnesses that were out there and possibility, we've
3 not gotten, so -- our remedy would be not to call them because, of
4 course, if we don't have the control or ability to get this simple
5 information and kind of cooperation, then they probably wouldn't be a
6 very good witness for this court. So, grand scheme of things, that may
7 affect the number of witnesses we ultimately present, but I cannot give
8 what I do not have the ability to get through other means.
9 JUDGE ROBINSON: So your basic response is that you have given
10 the Prosecution all that you have?
11 MR. ALARID: Yes, sir. Yes, sir.
12 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Groome, he has given you all that he has.
13 MR. GROOME: Your Honour, it seems to me -- I mean, they are
14 witnesses that the Defence intends to call. I mean, they've interviewed
15 these people. Why were these questions not asked of these people when
16 they were interviewed? It's a basic obligation. If Mr. Alarid is saying
17 now that he may decide not to call some of these witnesses, then I think
18 I'm also entitled to know that because I have people assigned to be --
19 that are presently working on the statements, on the witness list that's
20 been provided by the Defence. Mr. Alarid knows now that he's not going
21 to call them. Why waste our time with this?
22 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Alarid, have you decided that you will not
23 call these witnesses?
24 MR. ALARID: Your Honour, I'm on the verge. I mean, I can't
25 delay the Court. I can't necessarily get things, especially from the
1 distance of the Balkans. That is a problem. There are witnesses we had
2 never interviewed. That is Mr. Groome's point, but that's also been my
3 point this entire time. And along those lines, Your Honour, we did make
4 a filing this morning, though, that I think gives the impetus of the
5 Court -- of the information the Court wanted as to why the investigator
6 of the OTP would further -- add further to the court proceedings, and
7 we'll be asking for that, and namely we filed our notice of surviving
8 victims that we have located and that we have found, and I've
9 personally --
10 JUDGE ROBINSON: In respect of the witnesses that you have
11 interviewed --
12 MR. ALARID: Yes.
13 JUDGE ROBINSON: -- have you provided that information?
14 MR. ALARID: Yes, sir yes, sir.
15 JUDGE ROBINSON: Because you really ought to have gotten that
16 information, and in respect --
17 MR. ALARID: Yes, sir. We've provided everyone that we intend to
18 call, Your Honour. Yes, sir.
19 JUDGE ROBINSON: In respect of the witnesses you have not yet
20 interviewed, I understand you to be saying that --
21 MR. ALARID: Yeah, the only ones that we would not be able to
22 provide, and it's also based on our response, was the pending subpoenas.
23 You know, there's police officer that needs to come per a subpoena and so
24 forth. We don't have the ability, really, to interview, nor would that
25 really be in the nature of what we would get in anticipation of trial.
1 So the subpoena is outstanding. We wouldn't be able to get those, i.e.,
2 Risto Perisic, Branimir Savovic. To be honest, I mean, I guess we could
3 do some research on Google to find that out, but that would be the extent
4 of my ability to find that information.
5 JUDGE ROBINSON: Well, that may be what you have to do.
6 MR. ALARID: Okay.
7 MR. GROOME: Your Honour, rather than leave it at this kind of
8 vague, well, there are some witnesses that won't be called, could I ask
9 then that the Chamber direct Mr. Alarid to inform us in written form what
10 witnesses have been previously noticed that he now knows he will not be
11 calling so that I can cease work that's being done in preparation for
12 those witnesses. It seems like a basic courtesy, but if it requires a
13 court order, I would ask for it.
14 JUDGE ROBINSON: I'll do that. Mr. Alarid, in respect of the
15 witnesses that you have previously noticed, inform the Prosecution which
16 of those witnesses you will not be calling.
17 MR. ALARID: Yes, sir.
18 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Alarid.
19 [Trial Chamber confers]
20 JUDGE ROBINSON: Let us move to private session.
21 [Private session] [Confidentiality partially lifted by order of Chamber]
11 Pages 4902-4903 redacted. Private session.
23 JUDGE ROBINSON: This has been reviewed by my Chamber, and the
24 view is that the evidence is very sparse. What I would do is when the
25 witness comes in, I will question the witness.
1 MS. SARTORIO: Your Honour, I'd like to be heard, though --
2 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Ms. Sartorio.
3 MS. SARTORIO: -- before the witness comes in just because
4 there's some major points that need to be made.
5 First of all, on the face of the motion it's unclear what they
6 are asking for. In one paragraph, they are asking for name identity
7 redaction only, but then at the end when they ask for the relief, they're
8 asking for a face and voice distortion; so, number one, it's unclear.
9 Two, this is grossly untimely. This Court has ordered that the Defence
10 has to provide two weeks' notice if they're going to file motions for
11 protective measures, that we have an opportunity to investigate and
12 respond. They have known about this witness since the very beginning.
13 He has been on his list since the beginning. They filed an amended
14 65 ter summary in January, so presumably they had spoken with the witness
15 then in order to file an amended summary. Moreover, this witness has
16 been here for probably close to a week, and they have never indicated in
17 any way, shape, or form that this witness wanted protective measures.
18 Now they come in on the eve of trial and ask for protective measures, and
19 I won't go into the real and objective standard that Your Honour has
20 articulated in previous decisions, but it's our position that they have
21 not met that burden. For instance, they say that the witness is fearful,
6 JUDGE ROBINSON: It seems to me that his former membership must
7 be a factor. It would draw attention to himself.
8 MS. SARTORIO: Well, every witness who comes in here, Your
9 Honour, has attention drawn to himself.
14 (redacted) And
15 furthermore, drawing attention to one's self, that's going to happen with
16 any witness who walks in here and testifies, whether he has had any type
17 of threats, any type of -- any reason to believe that drawing attention
18 to himself is going to cause any harm to himself or his family, and he
19 hasn't articulated that, (redacted) I'm
20 this, I'm that. It doesn't -- he hasn't articulated it under the
21 standard that is required to get protective measures in this court.
25 (redacted) All witnesses in these cases have a certain amount of fear and
1 apprehension, but in order to be granted protective measures which
2 prevents the public and other witnesses from hearing this person's
3 testimony, there has to be a particular, articulable, measurable,
4 objective fear, and we just don't have that here. Again, they've raised
5 the issue of the Bakira Hasecic. This Court has already refused to
6 acknowledge that that has any merit. Her demonstrations or what-not have
7 no merit to claim for protective measures. So we would agree, and again,
8 I wanted to put on the record the timeliness issue as well as our
9 argument that where we agree that the evidence is very scant, and unless
10 the witness can articulate a specific fear, then we would request that
11 the protective measures be denied.
21 (redacted) the protection of his colleagues and former colleagues.
22 JUDGE ROBINSON: Let me hear from Mr. Alarid in response.
23 MR. ALARID: Well, Your Honour, I mean, I think the initial
24 threat to the sanctity of the testimony is the horrible tabloidesque
25 media coverage that this case gets in Bosnia specifically. And so we can
1 anticipate that the information of this gentleman would be blasted across
2 Bosnia the minute that this court session ends. So that is a foregone
3 conclusion. (redacted)
1 MR. GROOME: Your Honour, that's possible, but it hasn't been
2 articulated by the Defence. I mean, as of Friday when this witness was
3 scheduled to testify, he needed no protective measures. Now over the
4 course of the weekend, I mean, I'm interested in learning what has
5 happened over the weekend that has now caused him to have concern for his
6 safety. One of the things mentioned in both applications is that a
7 Defence witness has been named -- a protected Defence witness has been
8 named in the Bosnian press. I think that's a very serious matter. I
9 would ask Mr. Alarid to please specify or provide for the Court and for
10 the Prosecution the actual newspaper article where a protected Defence
11 witness was -- the name was -- the identity was compromised and divulged.
12 That's somewhat not directly related to what we're talking about now, but
13 I do note that the Prosecution certainly takes it very serious that
14 anyone would violate a protective measure of the Chamber and would
15 support any effort to investigate the matter.
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: Well, let us just deal with the application that
17 is before us. I'm going to consult with my colleagues.
18 [Trial Chamber confers]
19 JUDGE ROBINSON: All right. On the basis of the submissions that
20 have been made, the Chamber will grant the witness's pseudonym, but not
21 face and voice distortion. Let the witness be called.
22 Mr. Alarid, in respect of the order that I made earlier that you
23 are to provide the Prosecution with a list of the witnesses that you are
24 not calling, I will further order that that be done by the end of this
25 week. That's Friday.
6 [Open session]
7 THE REGISTRAR: We are in open session, Your Honours.
8 JUDGE ROBINSON: Let the witness make the declaration.
9 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I solemnly declare that I will
10 speak the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth. Thank you.
11 WITNESS: WITNESS MLD23
12 [Witness answered through interpreter]
13 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Alarid.
14 MR. ALARID: Thank you, Your Honour. Your Honour, may we go into
15 private session for the pseudonym sheet.
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
17 [Private session] [Confidentiality partially lifted by order of Chamber]
19 Q. Now, before we get into the background information with regards
20 to this, when were you first contacted and by whom for the Milan Lukic
21 Defence in hopes of you testifying here in court today?
22 A. It must have been in December, anyway, before new year, in
24 Q. And who did you meet with?
25 A. With Danny.
1 Q. But with regards to the nature of your testimony, did we meet
2 here in The Hague on a couple of occasions?
3 A. Yes, we did.
4 Q. Now, sir, could you please state for the record your ethnicity?
5 A. I'm a Serb.
6 Q. And without revealing the exact location of your address, could
7 you tell us what municipality you live in?
9 Q. And could you also tell us where you lived in 1992?
11 Pages 4913-4914 redacted. Private session.
15 Q. Did you serve your compulsory military service with people of
16 other ethnicities and religions?
17 A. Yes.
18 Q. How did you get along with other people of other ethnicities and
19 religions in the military?
20 A. We got a long excellently. I had a friend from Zagreb. We were
21 inseparable. (redacted)
4 [Open session]
5 THE REGISTRAR: We are in open session, Your Honours.
6 MR. ALARID:
7 Q. Now, in 1992, where were you when the -- when you first remember
8 hostilities beginning in and around Bosnia?
9 A. I was in my village of Gornja Dubova, and we took positions at
10 Panos to protect the Serbian villages, but that's when the war had begun
12 Q. Well, can you tell me, in 1992 were you mobilised into the forces
13 of Visegrad?
14 A. Well, it was kind of -- we organised ourselves in the countryside
15 to protect ourselves.
16 Q. How were you mobilised officially, can you tell us, and when were
17 you mobilised?
18 A. Well, the late Tomic told me to come -- I don't know when it was.
19 The Uzice Corps -- corpus came, the Uzice Corps came, and then I was --
20 but I don't remember when the -- these summons was actually handed to me.
21 Q. Well, you indicate that: "The late Tomic told me to come ..."
22 How did -- tell me who this late Tomic is.
23 A. The late Tomic was the commander of the SUP, the public security
24 station at Visegrad.
25 Q. Can you state his full name, please?
1 A. Dragan Tomic.
2 Q. And how did he tell you to come?
3 A. Well, he had fled to Panos. All the Serbs had left toward the
4 border with Serbia, and I said that I was supposed to go to Uzice to
5 work, but I wasn't sure what would happen, whether they would really hire
6 me, and he said to me, Doesn't matter, you will always have work here,
7 I'll give you a job. When the Uzice Corps came, he went to town and
8 invited me to come and see him, and that's when I joined the reserve
9 police force.
10 Q. And as you joined the reserve police force, tell me how that came
11 about. What did they do to make it official?
12 A. Well, he told me to be shaven and to turn up at 7.00 in the
13 morning, and that was that. It was on the day when we met. It was
14 around noon, and he said to me that I should come again at 7 a.m.
15 Q. And when you returned, were you given a uniform? Were you issued
16 any equipment?
17 A. Yeah, we did get a uniform, but it wasn't much. It was a very
18 greenish colour. It was -- it had some stripes.
19 Q. Were you immediately given a uniform?
20 A. Yes, on that day. Actually, on the following day when I
21 returned, I got my uniform around noon.
22 Q. And could you explain for the court, please, the functioning and
23 structure of the reserve police in Visegrad at that time?
24 A. It was organised like the army. There were check-points. We
25 would be at Brodar for ten days without relief, and we went wherever we
1 were ordered to go.
2 Q. And what kind of instructions or training did Commander Tomic
3 give you on how to do your job as a reserve police officer?
4 A. Well, I don't know. There wasn't any kind of training, really.
5 No training. They send you to some place to be on watch, or we would
6 spend seven days in a wood as recon or something like that.
7 Q. I might have asked you this already, but how old were you at this
8 time in 1992?
9 A. Around 22.
10 Q. And how did it make you feel at this time being in the reserve
11 police officer corps? Did you feel that you could lose your life in this
13 A. Well, yes, of course I did.
14 Q. And can you tell us what other kind of uniforms the reserve
15 misused during your time in that capacity?
16 A. We also had camouflage uniforms, but they were not necessarily
17 all the same.
18 Q. And why not? Why weren't they all the same?
19 A. Well, sometimes we would get 20 uniforms at a time, and then
20 there would be another batch, and they would not be exactly the same.
21 Most of them were camouflage uniforms, though.
22 Q. Did any of the soldiers actually procure their own uniforms
23 because of the shortfalls that were official?
24 A. Yes, they did. Even I got a uniform from Serbia. Toward the end
25 of the war, a friend sent me that uniform.
1 Q. Now, what kinds of badges or emblems were you issued upon being
2 mobilised to the police of Visegrad?
3 A. I am not sure at what time that was. There was a ribbon which
4 read "milicija."
5 Q. And of these patches -- or was it a patch or an emblem? You said
6 ribbon, but that may be the translation.
7 A. It was -- it was sewed upon our uniform, and I took it to my
8 sister-in-law to do that for me.
9 Q. Are you saying that it was your responsibility to sew on your own
10 patches and emblems?
11 A. Yes, it was.
12 Q. And ultimately how many uniforms did you have in all?
13 A. I had several, four or five, maybe. Not of that kind; they were
14 different. But they were very similar, all of them.
15 Q. And with regards to official emblems or patches, were there
16 always enough for everyone within the reserve police?
17 MS. SARTORIO: Objection, Your Honour. I think this calls for
18 speculation. Whether this man was in charge of handing out patches, I
19 believe he should lay some type of foundation before asking this broad
21 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Alarid. Lay a foundation.
22 MR. ALARID: Yes.
23 Q. MLD23, did you have an understanding as to the availability of
24 official patches?
25 A. I don't quite understand the question. The availability of
2 Q. Were there enough patches to go around for all the reservists, as
3 far as you know?
4 MS. SARTORIO: Objection, Your Honour. Again, this calls for
6 MR. ALARID: As far as he knows, Your Honour.
7 JUDGE ROBINSON: Wait a minute. Do you know whether there were
8 enough patches, Witness, for all the reservists?
9 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Most probably not.
10 JUDGE ROBINSON: That's your answer? That most probably not --
11 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I'm sure there were not enough.
12 JUDGE ROBINSON: All right. Thanks.
13 MR. ALARID:
14 Q. Now, can you tell us again about the first uniforms that were
15 worn by the Visegrad police. What colour were they?
16 A. The first uniforms were camouflage uniforms.
17 Q. Were there any blue uniforms issued to anybody?
18 A. For sure, until they were able to procure camouflage uniform, but
19 those were more like firefighters' suits. They weren't any good for --
20 but whoever already had a camouflage uniform was allowed to wear it.
21 Q. What about any hats? Were there any official hats at this time?
22 A. Yeah, we got blue berets, but we only wore it for a short while
23 because when they got wet, they would shrink and you could no longer wear
24 them. So we wore them only for a very short time.
25 Q. And as a reserve police officer, were you required to go into
1 combat situations?
2 A. Of course.
3 Q. And how were these blue hats -- how would they effect you being
4 in combat?
5 A. No. In no way.
6 Q. Now, would there be occasions where full-time legitimate members
7 of the law enforcement of the police of Visegrad would have different
8 uniforms from one another?
9 A. Could you repeat that.
10 Q. Would it be uncommon for various members of the law enforcement
11 of the police of Visegrad to have different uniforms from one another?
12 MS. SARTORIO: Objection, Your Honour. This calls for
14 MR. ALARID:
15 Q. So far as you observed, sir?
16 A. No, they did not wear different uniforms. You mean as if we were
17 divided into groups so that one group would wear one kind of uniform and
18 another group a different kind of uniform? I'm not quite clear what you
20 Q. No, I mean just people using whatever uniform they had available.
21 MS. SARTORIO: Objection, Your Honour. This is a leading
22 question, and, again, it's very broad. He can ask the witness what he
23 saw but not this kind of question. It's speculation.
24 JUDGE ROBINSON: You do appear to be leading, Mr. Alarid.
25 MR. ALARID: I'll try not to, Your Honour.
1 Q. Would there be occasion where people of the same group would
2 simply wear different uniforms that they had available to them?
3 A. Yes.
4 Q. And when you were mobilised, what kind of weapon were you issued?
5 A. At first, an automatic rifle. Sorry, semi-automatic rifle, the
6 long one.
7 Q. Was there any point in time where you were issued a different
8 one, a different rifle?
9 A. Yes.
10 Q. And what was that?
11 A. Automatic rifle with a folding stock.
12 Q. Do you remember what kind of automatic rifle, the model or make?
13 A. I've forgotten. I used to know, but I've forgotten.
14 Q. Now, you may have touched on this a little bit, but what kind of
15 specific duties made up your official duties as a reservist assigned to
16 the police in Visegrad in 1992?
17 A. Well, sometimes I would stand guard for one stint outside the SUP
18 in Visegrad, or I would work at the check-point or anywhere they sent me,
19 or I was told to go and hand call-up papers to someone.
20 Q. And would you consider this an ordinary day, or what would an
21 ordinary day be like in your service?
22 A. Well, maybe fighting would cause casualties. Somewhere somebody
23 would be killed. We would be sent to pull them out or pick up the
24 bodies. You never knew what duty you would be given.
25 Q. Well, what kind of threats did you endure on a daily basis from
1 what you considered the enemy forces at that time?
2 A. All kinds of threats. The moment you got into the car and
3 travelled on the road, you could die. You could get killed. You could
4 step on a mine. We moved everywhere, walked through the woods anywhere.
5 Q. And that was going to be my next question as to how you got
6 around normally between your various assignments and duties?
7 A. Well, when you were given orders, you had to go wherever you were
8 sent. We would sometimes pass through a minefield and then discover it
9 only on the way back.
10 Q. And in terms -- you said that sometimes you would be in a car.
11 What kind of cars did you use as part of the reserve police?
12 A. All kinds.
13 Q. And did you have any official vehicles in the police force at
14 that time, official marked police units?
15 A. Two cars, perhaps, maybe three service cars, but service cars
16 were later taken away and taken to Gorazde or Sarajevo - I don't know -
17 when the Muslims took over.
18 Q. Explain that a little more. What cars were taken away, and when?
19 A. When they were withdrawing towards Gorazde, they took with them
20 those service cars, whatever they could get their hands on. Late Vidoje
21 once went to Gorazde and retrieved one of these cars, and one was later
22 found somewhere outside a place called Moremiste.
23 Q. We'll get to Vidoje in a second, but did you ever receive any
24 written instructions from the police station or police commanders about
25 what you were to do on a given day?
1 A. No.
2 Q. How did the commanders tell you what to do on a given day?
3 A. Well, we would be put on a list for a certain duty, depending on
4 who the leader was. If we were going into action, there would be one of
5 us appointed as the leader.
6 Q. What was the worst assignment you had during the war?
7 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Alarid, where is this evidence taking us to?
8 MR. ALARID: Well, Your Honour, it's our position that Mr. Lukic
9 was part of the reserve police force when initially mobilised. This is
10 to give you a picture considering he is the only police officer that
11 we've brought as to give the Court a picture as to what the structure
12 was, the ordinary duties, as we've not presented any testimony prior to
13 this day. He is the one witness we are bringing in.
14 JUDGE ROBINSON: Ms. Sartorio, are you challenging the fact that
15 Mr. Lukic was a part of the reserve police force?
16 MS. SARTORIO: Yes, Your Honour, we are.
17 JUDGE ROBINSON: You are? You are challenging that?
18 MS. SARTORIO: Yes, Your Honour. Yes.
19 JUDGE ROBINSON: Okay. All right. Thanks. Yes, go ahead.
20 MR. ALARID: Thank you, Your Honour.
21 Q. I think I asked you, what was your worst assignment as a reserve
22 police officer during the war?
23 JUDGE ROBINSON: But, Mr. Alarid, is this evidence helping to
24 establish that he was?
25 MR. ALARID: Well, Your Honour, just from a foundation
1 perspective, I think it gives the Court the vantage point of seeing that
2 the duties of a reserve officer blurred with those of a regular foot
3 soldier and back and forth again, and I think that's really what I'm
4 trying to establish. If that's -- if I've already made that point, Your
5 Honour, I can move on.
6 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
7 MR. ALARID: Move on or made the point, or both?
8 JUDGE ROBINSON: Well, I'm not answering the question whether you
9 made a point.
10 MS. SARTORIO: Yes, Your Honour, and I would object to Mr. Alarid
11 speaking on the record about what he believes his evidence is in front of
12 the witness especially.
13 JUDGE ROBINSON: That's inevitable, Ms. Sartorio.
14 MS. SARTORIO: Well, I think it's suggesting answers to the
15 witness, Your Honour.
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: Proceed.
17 MR. ALARID:
18 Q. Can you recall your worst day in the war in 1992?
19 A. My worst day, perhaps, was when we were pulling out the dead,
20 those first two or three victims from Medjedja.
21 Q. Tell the Court a little bit, and I know it may be difficult, but
22 tell the Court a little bit about those kind of duties.
23 A. We had been for five or six days up there at Donja Lijeska.
24 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Alarid, I'm having some difficulty. I
25 understand that you want to establish that Mr. Lukic was a member of the
1 reserve force, and this witness, as I understand it, is to tell us
2 something about the reserve force.
3 MR. ALARID: Yes, and --
4 JUDGE ROBINSON: But what does all this have to do? I mean, what
5 is it -- now you are having him telling us about his worst day. What's
6 the importance of his worst day?
7 MR. ALARID: Your Honour, I don't know how the Court chooses to
8 assess the credibility of a witness, but there comes a point in time
9 where I think that the Court needs certain details about a man and what
10 he does in order to make that assessment. If I've completed that, I can
11 move on.
12 JUDGE ROBINSON: I don't want to hear about his worst day. Speak
13 to another matter.
14 MR. ALARID:
15 Q. How did your duties as a reserve police officer compare had you
16 been a reserve soldier in the army or member of the Territorial Defence?
17 MS. SARTORIO: Objection, Your Honour. Calls for speculation.
18 JUDGE ROBINSON: First, ask him if he knows about the duties of a
19 member of the Territorial Defence.
20 MR. ALARID: Well, I could ask him this, Your Honour:
21 Q. MLD23, were you ever mobilised into the regular army as opposed
22 to being a reserve police officer, or did you stay there the entire time?
23 A. I was mobilised into the army.
24 Q. And when were you mobilised into the army?
25 A. 1993. Towards the end of 1993.
1 Q. And what were you mobilised into the army to do?
2 A. I drove a Praga vehicle. I actually charged the weapon, although
3 my military specialty is driver.
4 Q. And how did the duties of the reserve police compare to the
5 duties of the army members that you were serving with?
6 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
7 MS. SARTORIO: Objection. Your Honour, I think that the question
8 -- he could ask his duties but not just duties in general. I don't
9 believe that a proper foundation has been laid for such a broad
10 speculative question.
11 JUDGE ROBINSON: He has had experience in both.
12 MS. SARTORIO: That's my point. He can ask about his experience,
13 but he is asking about everyone's experience, and I don't think that
14 enough foundation has been laid if he wants to ask that question.
15 MR. ALARID: I'm trying to get done here.
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: Just ask him about his experience.
17 MR. ALARID:
18 Q. How did your experiences in the army compare with your
19 experiences and duties with the reserve police?
20 A. A reserve policeman went to the battle-field just as soldiers.
21 We could spend ten days in a stint on an elevation or maybe a link-up
22 with one another if it was a longer front-line. We differed in no way
23 from soldiers. We had to go anywhere they sent us. We couldn't refuse
25 Q. Now, when you were mobilised by Commander Tomic, did you learn of
1 other persons similarly recruited by him such as yourself?
2 A. I did.
3 Q. What kind of [microphone not activated] ... being mobilised by
4 Commander Tomic in this manner?
5 A. He was looking for younger men, able-bodied, hard-working.
6 Q. A little bit earlier in the examination, you mentioned a Vidoje.
7 Who is Vidoje, and what's his last name?
8 A. Vidoje Andric.
9 Q. And how do you know Vidoje Andric?
10 A. He was our commander, our commanding officer. He led us in
11 action. He would take over from Tomic. He would take orders, and he
12 would say 15 of us are going to some hill or elevation. We would be
13 issued with weapons and ammunition. We would appoint a team of scouts,
14 flanks. We would decide on the formation, but he -- in any case, he was
15 the leader, not all the time but most of the time. He was the second man
16 next to Tomic.
17 Q. And how would you describe Vidoje?
18 A. He was good man, a brave fighter, indomitable. He had no fear.
19 He was quite able, capable of running into enemy lines, and he was a very
20 strong man. He had no fear at all.
21 Q. What was Vidoje's calling before the war started?
22 A. I don't know. I know he worked in the Varda company. He was an
23 athlete. He did Karate, had a black belt, but just before the war I
24 think he was out of work. But I'm not sure about his training.
25 Q. And do you know in what manner Vidoje was mobilised when the war
1 started, and by whom?
2 A. I don't know. He was mobilised before the war.
3 Q. And in addition to sometimes commanding your unit, what other
4 kinds of duties did Vidoje Andric have within the Visegrad police?
5 MS. SARTORIO: Objection, Your Honour. Again, I don't believe he
6 has laid a foundation how this man knows so much about another person.
7 JUDGE ROBINSON: It's either he knows or he doesn't know. Can
8 you tell us what other duties Vidoje had in the Visegrad police? Do you
9 know? We don't want to you speculate. Speak from your knowledge. Yes?
10 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Vidoje was Tomic's guard. He
11 always accompanied Tomic. He was even appointed as escort once to
12 Velibor Ostojic, but he refused. He stayed where he was.
13 MR. ALARID:
14 Q. And what other persons were also part of Tomic's guard?
15 A. There was Vidoje Andric, then Mladen Andric, and Milan Lukic.
16 Q. And you said that Vidoje had been recruited as the body-guard for
17 Velibor Ostojic. How did you know that?
18 A. He told me. He said, I can't bear waiting for him in the car
19 when he is sitting somewhere. I hate sitting outside in the car like a
20 dog. It's no job for me. That's what he told me.
21 Q. And who was Velibor Ostojic at that time?
22 A. Some sort of minister at Pale. I don't know exactly what.
23 Q. And with regards to Milan Lukic, what was his role in the police?
24 A. His role in the police was to go out and hand out call-out
25 papers, whatever they told him to do. He was in their entourage. That
1 day they were killed, they had spent the night all together in Okrugla.
2 I know about that because I had left that evening and he stayed, and the
3 next morning those men were killed.
4 Q. Well, let's back up a little bit, and you say they were killed.
5 Who was killed and when?
6 MS. SARTORIO: Objection, Your Honour. They are getting into
7 non-noticed -- they're getting into alibi evidence at this point.
8 There's nothing in the witness's 65 ter summary about what I believe this
9 event they're going to get into. There has never been any notice given
10 to us that he is going to testify about that incident.
11 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Alarid.
12 MR. ALARID: Well, one, that's not true. We're not having him
13 testify as to what I think Ms. Sartorio is implying, and if you'll let me
14 get a little bit more into it, that he was just about to answer, I think
15 you'll understand.
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: Well, let's hear the evidence first.
17 MR. ALARID:
18 Q. You say they were killed. Who was they?
19 A. Dragan Tomic, Vidoje Andric, and Mladen Andric.
20 Q. How were Tomic and Vidoje and Mladen killed, and when?
21 A. On the 19th of July at Okrugla. They were driving across a
22 bridge. There had been some wounded up ahead of them where the army
23 lines were, and they were going to pull them out. The road was blocked.
24 There was a log across the road, so they stopped, and there were two
25 mines laid one on top of another. The car was blown up 500 metres in the
1 air. The man Vidoje remained lying in the back seat, and Tomic was still
2 giving signs of life. They took him to the hospital, but he could not
4 The tyre actually got stuck right in the place where the -- where
5 the mine was, and the tyre kept running in place and if that hadn't
6 happened, maybe they would have managed to simply slip by, but they got
7 stuck instead.
8 Q. Now, you said a little bit earlier on direct exam that they were
9 together the night before they died. Who is "they," and explain that.
10 A. There were a number of troops above the road in those houses, and
11 Milan Lukic was with them for sure.
12 Q. And where were you that night?
13 A. The night -- that night we were supposed to move and go around to
14 surround the enemy troops, and we went to an elevation called Granje.
15 There were seven or eight of us. We stayed the night in a man's house,
16 and that morning the action started, there was no resistance. We didn't
17 meet with any resistance, and in the mean time somebody gave us the
18 message that these men had been killed, and we gave up on the action. We
19 went down to Dobra to the police check-point. On the way, we saw the
20 car. The people who are standing around told us who had happened. We
21 were so sorry they had got killed.
22 Q. Now, Dragan Tomic was the commander of the Visegrad police at
23 that time to July 19th. Who was the commander after Tomic?
24 A. I think for 15 days there was no commander. We didn't have a
25 commander. I don't know for how long, until the return of Milan
2 Q. And who was the chief of the Visegrad police in 1992?
3 A. Risto Perisic.
4 Q. And what was Dragan Tomic's occupation prior to the outbreak of
5 the war, if you know?
6 A. He was commander of the Secretariat for Internal Affairs.
7 Q. And can you tell the Court about what type of automobiles were
8 used with the Visegrad police in 1992?
9 A. All kinds of cars, some Muslim cars that had been abandoned, some
10 service cars belonging to companies, sometimes a truck, sometimes a
11 Mercedes or a van if there were more of us. It didn't matter. There
12 were all sorts of cars, Lada Nivas, off-road vehicles, civilian cars.
13 Q. Can you explain to the Court why private civilian cars were used
14 and mobilised by the police?
15 A. Because there had not been enough cars. We had nothing to drive.
16 Many cars were taken away.
17 Q. And you had told us a story about your own personal vehicle at
18 this time. Can you repeat that to the Court, please?
19 A. I can. I used to have a Lada that my father had bought me. I
20 had left it standing because I had no petrol, and I found it the next
21 time taken apart, all the wires broken. I could not start it, and a man
22 eventually helped me start it, and later on when I went away for 10 to 15
23 days on stints --
24 JUDGE ROBINSON: Witness, please stop. Mr. Alarid, I'm getting a
25 little impatient with all of this evidence which doesn't seem to me to be
1 very relevant to the primary purpose for which this witness is here. As
2 I understand it, that purpose is to establish that the accused Milan
3 Lukic was a member of the police reserve.
4 MR. ALARID: Well, and Your Honour, the only reason I digressed
5 with that point was because to establish the -- or to refute the
6 Prosecution's theory regarding the civilian vehicles that have been
7 alleged to have been part of the crimes, and I was going to move on after
8 that very question.
9 JUDGE ROBINSON: What are you moving on to, because, remember,
10 you have brought him here for a specific purpose.
11 MR. ALARID: Well, Your Honour, you'll see. I am moving right to
13 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
14 MR. ALARID:
15 Q. Do you recall what kinds of cars were the ones used by Commander
16 Dragan Tomic?
17 A. He got the better cars. I can't remember specifically. We had
18 no more than two or three white and blue proper police cars. The rest
19 had been taken away. So we had to use Muslim cars that had been
20 requisitioned or company vehicles.
21 Q. Now, with respect to Dragan Tomic, did you have occasion to see
22 him in the company of Vidoje Andric and Milan Lukic?
23 A. Yes, I did.
24 Q. And with regards to those occasions, when you saw these persons
25 together, how would they be dressed?
1 A. Combat fatigues. In camouflage.
2 Q. And would you have occasion to see other persons in their
3 company, and can you name any of those people?
4 A. I don't know. I can't remember who else was there. I on
5 occasion was with them in their company.
6 Q. Well, with occasion -- this other third -- I'm trying not to lead
7 you, so with regards to any third persons in this company, did you know
8 whether they were members of any organisation or structure within
10 A. No, they didn't belong to any other organisation.
11 Q. Were they ever in the company of members of the police force?
12 A. I did not understand this question.
13 Q. Well, just in terms of who they associated with, did Tomic,
14 Andric, and Lukic associate with other members of the police force other
15 than yourself?
16 A. Well, with us, who else would they socialise with?
17 MR. ALARID: Your Honour, I believe it's time for the break.
18 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, I think you are correct. We'll take the
19 break for 20 minutes.
20 --- Recess taken at 10.22 a.m.
21 --- On resuming at 10.48 a.m.
22 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Alarid.
23 MR. ALARID: Thank you, Your Honour. With the Court's
24 assistance, we would like to call up 65 ter number 5 1D 21-0482.
25 Q. Can you -- the copy is not of the best quality, but can you
1 recognise what is on the screen in front of you with the pictures?
2 A. Fallen soldiers, soldiers fallen in the war.
3 Q. Do you have an understanding as to where this book is from and
5 A. I don't know.
6 Q. Now, looking at the first page of the book, do you recognise any
7 soldiers, or, excuse me, police officers on this list as being killed?
8 You may have to pan down. Okay. Go ahead.
9 A. I know Vidoje Andric.
10 MR. ALARID: And with the Court's assistance, could we get a
11 marker to mark the page.
12 Q. And, sir, if you could please circle the person you know as
13 Vidoje Andric.
14 A. [Marks]
15 Q. And is there anyone else -- go ahead.
16 A. I know Dusko Andric as well.
17 Q. Will you please circle Dusko.
18 A. [Marks]
19 Q. Anyone else from this -- what you are able to see on the screen
20 in front of you? Who else?
21 A. Do you mean who in the police or whether I knew anyone? Should I
22 encircle all of those I knew?
23 Q. You have a blue pen with you, and let's circle anyone that's in
24 the police in blue first. And if we scroll down, do we lose the -- okay.
25 A. I don't know anybody else, only those two. I know some other
1 people, but I'm not sure whether they were in police. Maybe they were
2 for ten days, but I can't remember exactly.
3 Q. Well, please put a VA for Vidoje Andric next to his photograph.
4 A. [Marks]
5 Q. And if you could, please circle anyone else that you do know on
6 this page and how you know them.
7 A. Mico Indzic [phoen] was the first victim. He was killed at
8 Glavica. Then Dragan Filipovic, I know him as well.
9 Q. Now, with regards to Vidoje Andric, is his date of death and
10 information correct?
11 A. It is.
12 Q. And I apologise, I interrupted you. You were circling other
13 names and telling the court of your knowledge of them.
14 A. Well, I was in the action that aimed at retrieving their bodies.
15 Dusko Andric, he was a relative. Then another Andric had been killed 40
16 days before. I took part in both actions to retrieve the bodies. I
17 spent a night at the -- during the second action.
18 MR. ALARID: Now, could the court assistant please just scroll
19 down to see the photos, and save this, please.
20 Q. And before we move on, right next to Vidoje Andric, who is that?
21 A. To his right, you mean?
22 Q. Yes, to the right.
23 A. That would be Vlatko Trifkovic. He -- killed at the beginning of
24 the war. He was burnt in a car at a bend towards -- I heard they were
25 ambushed. They were all killed. Their bodies were burnt in the car, and
1 some soldiers tried to put the fire out with bottles of water.
2 Q. Now, looking at the date --
3 A. Trifkovic.
4 Q. Now, looking at the date of death, is that your understanding of
5 when that occurred?
6 A. I can't recall the date.
7 MR. ALARID: And could we, with the Court assistance, circle Mr.
8 Trifkovic before we save and move on.
9 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Am I supposed to circle him?
10 MR. ALARID:
11 Q. Yes, please. One second.
12 A. [Marks]
13 MR. ALARID: And do we have to re-circle Vidoje Andric? We saved
14 it? Okay. And could we save this page, as well, and move to the next
15 page, and we would introduce this page into evidence with both writings.
16 MS. SARTORIO: Your Honours, just for the record, this is a
17 document that Mr. Cole attempted to introduce in evidence last week, and
18 it was objected to by Mr. Alarid as there being no lack of foundation or
19 authenticity of the document. So we'll note that for the record, and we
20 have no objection to its admittance if we are able to then call it up on
21 cross-examination and question the witness about other entries.
22 MR. ALARID: And, of course, my objection on that day, Your
23 Honour, was lack of foundation through that witness had been improperly
24 established. I would argue that we've established sufficient foundation
25 for him to identify the photographs and mark the exhibit, and we have no
1 objection to calling it up.
2 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
3 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, the first version will become
4 Exhibit 1D 115, and the second, 1D 116, Your Honours.
5 MR. ALARID:
6 Q. And, sir, this is at the bottom of that page because we couldn't
7 see it all as we zoomed on the document. Do you recognise anyone at the
8 bottom of this page before we move on?
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
17 THE REGISTRAR: As Exhibit 1D 117.
18 MR. ALARID:
19 Q. And this is the next page in the book, and with what you can see
20 on the screen, we'd ask you with that same pen to mark anyone that you
21 know and explain to the Court as you are marking how you know them and
22 were they in the police.
23 A. Pero Kovacevic was not in the police, but he was killed at
25 Q. Okay, and anyone else?
1 A. Let me take a look at the others. The photograph is not of high
2 quality. Miodrag Mucelja, I was there where he got killed between
3 Pijevica and Drinsko. We have the same birth year, and we knew each
4 other from school, before the war, of course.
5 Q. Anyone else before we move on?
6 A. Let me take a look at the remaining four. This one was killed at
7 Moremiste, as well, by the name of Goran Radjen. It's possible at the
8 very outset, but I am not sure.
9 Q. Okay. Is that all on this page so we can save and tender it into
11 A. I know Stevo Draskovic as well. He was killed towards the end of
12 the war. He was ambushed at Kaostice, as it's stated here.
13 MR. ALARID: Okay. Could we save, and after saving could we
14 tender this marking into evidence and pan down to the lower part of the
16 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit 1D 118, Your Honours.
17 MR. ALARID:
18 Q. With these remaining six photographs, was there anyone that you
19 recognise, and were any of them in the police?
20 A. I know this old man. I think he was killed on the bridge. Milan
21 Krsmanovic was his name. Radomir Nikitovic, I think he was killed at
22 Moremiste, but it's stated here that he was killed at Visegrad on the
23 25th. Maybe I'm mixing him with somebody of the same name, but the one
24 that I knew used to sport a mustache.
25 MR. ALARID: Okay. Thank you. Could we tender this into
1 evidence, and I'd ask the Court for a redaction. Page 41, line 16. The
2 description tends to identify the witness. Specifically states: "He
3 married my mother's sister, and I was at his funeral."
4 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
5 MR. ALARID: And could we then tender this bottom into evidence,
6 as well, and move to the next page.
7 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
8 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit 1D 118, and I understand that
9 Exhibits 1D 115 through 1D 118 have to be under seal.
10 MR. ALARID:
11 Q. And moving on with these pictures on this page, can you identify
12 anyone else, and if so they are in the police, please let the Court know.
13 A. Jovo Samardzic, he was in police at the very beginning.
14 Q. Okay. And who else?
15 A. Mladen Andric was in police. He got killed together with Vidoje
16 and Tomic.
17 Q. Anybody else on this page?
18 A. Allow me a minute to take a look. Slavisa Knezevic, he was from
19 Kragujevac. I know when he was killed, but I am not sure whether he was
20 registered with the police.
21 Q. Okay. Thank you. Could we -- anyone else before we move on?
22 A. Radivoje Nikitovic. He was killed at Moremiste. He worked in
23 the military department before the war. He had a rank, but I'm not sure
24 which rank he held.
25 MR. ALARID: Could we save and tender this into evidence, Your
2 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
3 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit 1D 119 under seal, Your Honours.
4 MR. ALARID: And could we pan down to the bottom of the page to
5 examine the remaining photographs.
6 Q. And looking at the remaining six photographs on this page, do you
7 recognise anyone else, and if so, please explain whether they were in the
8 police or not.
9 A. This is Savic, but Mladen or Mladjo, I knew him. He was killed
10 at Moremiste together with Dusko, but he wasn't a member of the police.
11 MR. ALARID: Thank you. Can we mark and tender this into
13 Q. Is there anyone else on this page before I move?
14 A. I don't know. Well, I know this Coric, but I didn't know him
16 MR. ALARID: Thank you. We'd tender this into evidence and ask
17 that the next page be put on, please.
18 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit 1D 120, Your Honours.
19 MR. ALARID:
20 Q. And the same questions for this page, if you could locate anyone
21 that you know and tell us whether or not they were in the police.
6 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
7 MR. ALARID:
8 Q. And before we move on, I'd like to emphasise number 55 at the
9 upper left-hand corner. Is that true that that says that -- and what's
10 his name again, number 55? I apologise.
11 A. Goran Zecevic.
12 Q. And based on your understanding, he died in Kopito, June 20th,
13 1992; is that fair?
14 A. That's -- well, I'm not sure when exactly he was killed, most
15 probably since they stated such a date, but I can't recall the date
16 exactly. But I knew him. I knew him well, really well.
17 Q. And with regards to the location of Kopito, referring to the fact
18 that Trifkovic was killed on June 13th in Kopito, was that a hot area or
19 a place of heavy fighting, the Kopito region?
20 A. Yes. Fierce fighting, everything across the Drina was a
21 difficult area, up all the way to Sjemec and at Crvenka, people got
22 killed along that road, and we advanced as far as Sjemec, which is
23 Rogatica municipality, and he was -- he hailed from that area.
24 Q. Before we move on, is there anyone else on this page that you
25 recognise, either 68, 69, or 70?
1 A. I don't recognise anybody else.
2 MR. ALARID: Thank you. We'd tender this into evidence and move
3 down to the bottom of the page.
4 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
5 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit 1D 121, Your Honours. Under seal, Your
6 Honours. I apologise.
7 MR. ALARID:
8 Q. Please review the remaining six photographs and names on this
9 page and tell me who you recognise and whether or not they were in the
10 police or not.
11 A. Dragan Tomic. He was in the police.
12 Q. Please circle Dragan Tomic, and tell the Court for the record
13 what number he is as well.
14 A. It's number 72.
15 Q. And based on your personal knowledge, is the information on this
16 entry correct as to the date and time and place of death?
17 A. I think so, certainly for Tomic. Tomic and Andric were killed on
18 the same day.
19 MR. ALARID: Thank you. Could we tender this into evidence and
20 move to the next page, please.
21 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
22 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit 1D 122, Your Honours, under seal.
23 MR. ALARID:
24 Q. And please review this page, these 12 photographs, and mark any
25 ones that you recognise as well as indicate whether or not they were in
1 the police.
2 A. I can't see the first one, and I can't read what it says. I knew
3 this one, but I can't remember everyone who was in the police because we
4 may have been some 200 at the beginning, and then depending on their
5 military training they would be sent elsewhere, so I don't -- such as to
6 drive a tank or something.
7 Q. Well, and just to clarify that point, how long were you mobilised
8 in the reserve police before you were re-assigned?
9 A. You mean before the war? Before the war, I wasn't with the
10 police at all.
11 Q. No, I meant after the war.
12 A. I was in the reserve forces in 1992 and 1993, and later on I was
13 a soldier in the army.
14 Q. Thank you. Anyone else you recognise on this sheet and whether
15 or not they were in the police, please?
16 A. Milan Simsic, my immediate neighbour from a village, but he
17 wasn't with the police. I was in the village when he was killed. I
18 don't remember the date. It says here the 6th of August. That's
19 certainly correct.
20 MR. ALARID: Thank you. Could we please mark and tender into
21 evidence and move down to the bottom of the page.
22 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
23 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit 1D 123 under seal, Your Honours.
24 MR. ALARID:
25 Q. Please review these last six photographs and tell us whether you
1 know them, and were they in the police?
2 A. I knew this one, Stanimirovic, but I don't remember if he was in
3 the police. Of these people, I only know Stanimirovic.
4 MR. ALARID: Thank you. We'd please mark and tender into
5 evidence and move to the last page.
6 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
7 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit 1D 124 under seal, Your Honours.
8 MR. ALARID:
9 Q. Now, this is a little more difficult because there's no
10 photographs to assist you, but let's do the best we can with what we have
11 and see if you can recognise someone or some of the names on this final
12 list and whether or not you knew them to be part of the police, if you
14 A. Stanko Pecikoza -- oh, I shouldn't have. No, I won't circle
15 that. Stanko Pecikoza was the founder of the SDS party. Should I circle
16 him? Or the number?
17 Q. Certainly. And for the record, that's number 124.
18 A. Tosic, Salvo Tosic, he worked at a gas station. He got killed,
19 but I don't remember exactly when.
20 Q. That's fine. Anyone else before we tender this into evidence and
21 move on?
22 A. Mile Vjeljovic, I believe he died. When we went to Gorazde, I
23 believe that later on he died in Banja.
24 Q. Was he a member of the police?
25 A. I believe he was on the list of the SUP maybe, but I wasn't there
1 when he was taken there, and he couldn't survive. At the beginning, he
2 was with the police, but I'm not sure that he was on their list.
3 Q. Anyone else that you might recognise?
4 A. Milenko Cosovic, he was also killed at Moremiste.
5 MR. ALARID: Thank you, and we would tender this final page of
6 the book of dead into evidence.
7 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
8 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit 1D 125 under seal, Your Honours.
9 MR. ALARID: And next, I would ask the Court's assistance in
10 calling up 1D 22-0537.
11 Q. And after you've had a moment to take a look at the photograph,
12 do you recognise the people that are in this photograph?
13 A. Yes, I know both of them.
14 Q. And please describe for the record who the people are and also
15 indicate, because we are on a transcript, who is on the right and who is
16 on the left in the photograph.
17 A. On the left is Vidoje Andric. He has a bulletproof jacket; and
18 on the right, there's Milan Lukic.
19 Q. And looking at their uniforms, is this consistent with the type
20 of uniforms that members of the reserve police would wear in Visegrad at
21 this time?
22 A. Yes.
23 Q. And can you make a comment on the patches that are present in the
24 photograph and on the uniform?
25 A. I can't see them well, but I could have put any sort of patch on
1 my uniform. Whoever found -- whoever liked something could have put it
2 on their uniform, anything at all. The moment this was blown up, I think
3 I saw that one of the patches said "milicija," but now I'm not sure,
4 speaking about Vidoje. It may have been sewn on his uniform. At the
5 time, the patches said "milicija." He wore this bulletproof jacket all
6 the time, and he had a black belt, and he always worked on his fitness.
7 And the partisan company produced us some plates, up to a centimetre in
8 strength, and he put them in his bulletproof jacket. He always wore it.
9 We even tried to shoot a 7.9-millimetre bullet at it, and it wouldn't --
10 it couldn't pierce the jacket. It was bulletproof from the front and
11 from behind also.
12 Q. And thank you. Can you comment on the vehicle that they are
13 sitting on?
14 A. I don't know. I really can't say. It must have been one of the
15 vehicles that were registered for the SUP. Actually, it wasn't a real
16 registration. It was just a sheet of paper. The vehicle may have had
17 regular licence plates, but a document was issued stating that the
18 vehicle was being used by the SUP. It -- this may be a Passat or a Lada.
19 Even Tomic later on drove the better cars, and we would get the worse
20 cars when we were sent to the field.
21 MR. ALARID: Now, can we pan back on the photograph, please.
22 Q. Just looking at the surroundings in the neighbourhood, can you
23 tell the Court whereabouts this photograph was taken?
24 A. This is -- was taken when -- along the road when you go to --
25 from Nova Mahala toward the gas station, the Ina [phoen] gas station.
1 That's the first entry to the right. I'm not sure whose houses these
2 exactly are, or, rather, I couldn't tell you for each individual house to
3 who it belongs. There was a warehouse there, a furniture warehouse.
4 Q. Now, is it true that the Visegrad police used these kind of
5 uniforms at the time in 1992?
6 MS. SARTORIO: Objection, Your Honours. It's a leading question,
7 and I believe he's --
8 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, that's leading.
9 MR. ALARID:
10 Q. Is this -- are these uniforms consistent with the kinds that
11 would be worn at that time?
12 A. Yes, they are. I also had one just like this, maybe two. Later
13 on, I would have as many as four or five because uniforms get dirty, so
14 you change because when you return from action, you are all dirty and
15 covered with mud and wet.
16 Q. Can you comment on the type of weapons that they have in their
18 A. These are automatic rifles. I also had one like this.
19 Q. And that's what I was going to ask you. Are these the same or
20 similar that were normally issued to the police at this time?
21 A. Yes. Well, you couldn't move around without a rifle.
22 Q. And just looking at the photograph, they have their arm -- or at
23 least Milan has his arms around Vidoje. How would you characterise
24 Vidoje and Milan's relationship at this time in 1992?
25 A. They were good friends. They hung out together. They would go
1 to actions together. They would provide a security for Tomic.
2 Q. Thank you. And it's been alleged that --
3 A. He was the number two man right after Tomic.
4 Q. And there's been evidence led in this case surrounding the name
5 of a group called the White Eagles. Did you have any knowledge of this
6 group known as the White Eagles?
7 A. Yes, I do have information.
8 Q. And what do you know about the White Eagles in Visegrad at this
9 time in early 1992?
10 A. Both Muslims and Serbs ran from them. Nobody dared oppose them.
11 So it was better to get out of their way. They even took the rifle off
12 my buddy. He didn't dare oppose them. They gave him a better rifle.
13 They took him one of these and gave him one with a wooden butt, and they
14 said, We need one of these with a folding stock, and gave him another.
15 He didn't dare say no because he was afraid of getting killed. So it was
16 better to get out of their way so that you don't run into them.
17 MR. ALARID: And, Your Honour, before I move too far afield, we'd
18 like to introduce the photograph into evidence.
19 MS. SARTORIO: Your Honour, we have no objection, but we do want
20 to note for the record that this photograph was disclosed just -- very
21 late, was disclosed to us just recently.
22 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Ms. Sartorio. We'll admit it.
23 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit 1D 126, Your Honours.
24 MR. ALARID:
25 Q. And I don't know if the transcription made it -- or that -- but
1 my counsel -- co-counsel heard that you said they would kill one another,
2 i.e., being the White Eagles. What did you mean by that?
3 A. I don't know what they were like, whether they used to drink or
4 take drugs, but nobody dared oppose them.
5 Q. Who was the leader?
6 A. They could even take your car and drive it away without you
7 opposing them. You couldn't oppose them; otherwise, you would get
9 Q. And who was the reputed commander of these people known as the
10 White Eagles?
11 A. There was talk of a guy called Charlie. I don't know who that
12 was, probably an ex-officer of the JNA.
13 Q. And where were these people known as the White Eagles housed in
15 A. For a while at Banja and at the Visegrad hotel.
16 Q. And at any time during your being a member of the reserve police
17 force, did the White Eagles ever operate jointly with the Visegrad
19 A. No.
20 MR. ALARID: May we go into private session, Your Honour.
21 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
22 [Private session] [Confidentiality partially lifted by order of Chamber]
4 Q. Now, when is it the first time that you actually got to know
5 Milan Lukic on a better basis than just being an acquaintance?
9 Q. And at any time later, did you get to know him better than that?
10 A. Well, I did meet him. I had -- used to have a drink in his cafe,
11 in his inn.
12 THE INTERPRETER: Could the witness please repeat. We lost the
14 JUDGE ROBINSON: Witness, please repeat what you just said. The
15 interpreter didn't hear it.
16 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Well, the question was how I met
17 him. I got to know him better later. I was at his inn, and we would
18 meet on the street, (redacted)
8 Q. And can you tell the Court about Risto Perisic's role in Visegrad
9 in 1992?
10 A. Risto Perisic was a chief of the SUP. He was the number one man,
11 and right below him there was Tomic. He was number two.
11 Pages 4953-4957 redacted. Private session.
25 [Open session]
1 THE REGISTRAR: We are in open session, Your Honours.
2 MS. SARTORIO:
3 Q. Now, sir, in your direct testimony, you mentioned that Vidoje
4 Andric was mobilised before the war. What did you mean by this?
5 A. It was not before the war. How could it be before the war?
6 Q. That's why I'm asking you because at page 32, line 4, that's what
7 you said. So if you could clarify what you meant, that would be helpful.
8 When was he mobilised?
9 A. The same time as I, maybe a few days before. He left town
10 together with Dragan Tomic to Panos when the Uzice Corps arrived.
11 Q. Now, when you refer to mobilisation, I guess I'm confused. Is
12 one mobilised into the army, into the VRS and then assigned to the
13 police, or is one mobilised and seconded? Can you please explain to us
14 what it means to be mobilised and then to end up being a member of the
15 reserve police?
16 MR. ALARID: Your Honour, we would object only for clarification
17 purposes as the last two lines of the witness's answer were not placed
18 into the transcript. I defer to my counsel as to -- but otherwise ask
19 the witness to repeat.
20 JUDGE ROBINSON: You are saying that the last two lines -- the
21 last two lines of his answer?
22 MR. IVETIC: That's correct, Your Honour. The last two points
23 that he made in B/C/S are not reflected in the transcript. I do not know
24 whether they were translated into English or not for the persons
25 listening on the English channel. I'm on the live feed, so I listen to
1 both English and --
2 JUDGE ROBINSON: Okay. Well, then, I'll just put the question to
4 The question that was put to you was:
5 "That's why I'm asking you because at page 32, line 4, that's
6 what you said. So if you could clarify what you meant, that would be
7 helpful. When was he mobilised?"
8 What was your answer to that, please, Witness? I'll tell you
9 what is on the transcript. It says:
10 "The same time as I, maybe a few days before. He left town
11 together with Dragan Tomic to Panos when the Uzice Corps arrived."
12 Did you say anything after that?
13 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] From Panos. He left from Panos.
14 He was in the rear closer to Serbia, and I was -- I was at my village.
15 JUDGE ROBINSON: Thank you. Now, would you just repeat your
17 MS. SARTORIO: Yes. It's off the screen, but I will just repeat.
18 Q. The next question, sir, which follows from the question about
19 mobilisation is I would like you to explain to us how one becomes
20 mobilised, if one is mobilised first into the army and then seconded to
21 the reserve police for certain operations, or I'd like you to explain to
22 us how one is mobilised and then becomes a member of the reserve police.
23 A. What do I know? I mean, they hand out call-up papers. I did not
24 in fact get a call-up paper. I was just hired by Dragan Tomic, and he
25 started assigning me to various tasks. Some other people who were in the
1 police with me, and we were many, did get call-up papers. And then in
2 the police, they formed some platoons - I don't know exactly how it
3 worked - which was the 1st Company, which was the 2nd Company. Some
4 people had been trained to handle a Praga or a tank, but they had already
5 been mobilised into the police, and we were really short of people.
6 Everybody was running away to Serbia. They wanted to keep them there,
7 and they assigned them according to their military evidentiary specialty,
8 you go to operate a tank, you go to man a mortar, because we need those
9 trained people. You couldn't put somebody to operate a mortar or a Praga
10 just like that without training. That's how they went to various
11 assignments, and companies were set up. I don't know how these people
12 who were up there in the authorities handled it. I don't know the exact
13 number, but we were quite a few of us. Then these companies were formed,
14 but many of our men ran away across the border, passing through all the
16 Q. So is it fair to say that the reserve police, the units of the
17 reserve police was part of the Army of the Republika Srpska at this time?
18 A. Yes, they were.
19 Q. Now, could one be a member of a regular military unit and then
20 also be a reserve police officer?
21 A. No, that was not possible.
22 Q. Could one be a reserve police officer and then -- for a certain
23 period of time and then be called up and be mobilised into a unit for a
24 particular military operation? Was there flexibility between the units
25 in the police?
1 A. Possibly.
2 Q. Can you be a little bit more detailed? What do you mean by
3 "possibly"? Can you tell us when that would happen?
4 A. Well, that happened with the police. I mean, I have no clue how
5 these companies were formed then. At that point, much fewer people
6 remained in the police. Many of them went into the army. I was not
7 allowed to go without leave. It's very difficult to explain to you how
8 things worked in the war. It was complicated. Those who don't know from
9 inside wouldn't believe it.
10 Q. Well, in fact I'm one who doesn't -- I don't know from the
11 inside, and I don't believe that the Judges do either. That's why I'm
12 asking you to try to explain it to us. How did it work?
13 A. Well, could you ask me a specific question?
14 Q. My specific question was, someone could be recruited into the
15 reserve police force, such as yourself, and then at some point be
16 mobilised into a unit to participate in a particular operation with a
17 military unit. That could happen, couldn't it?
18 A. Well, how shall I explain this to you. If he transferred to the
19 army, he couldn't return back to the police, but we all went together
20 into action: the police, the army, there was no distinction. The
21 artillery would be behind us. We would be going in various groups, one
22 group from here, one group from another side to the same hill to the same
23 objective, and we were all attacking together. The police was hand in
24 hand on the same level as the army, the same uniform, the same
1 Q. So during combat, during a combat operation or during some other
2 type of operation, you would know who was a reserve police officer and
3 who was in the military because, as you testified on direct, everyone
4 wore whatever uniform they could find. So is that -- do you agree with
6 A. All of them wear camouflage uniforms. For awhile, I had a scouts
7 uniform that I had gotten from Serbia. It had a sort of net here for IC
8 devices so they don't catch you. I mean, I swapped uniforms with one
9 man, and I was allowed to wear that uniform no problem.
10 JUDGE ROBINSON: But do you agree with what the counsel has put
11 to you, specifically that during a combat operation or some other type of
12 operation, you wouldn't know who was a reserve police officer and who was
13 in the military?
14 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I wouldn't know. I wouldn't know,
15 and you wouldn't be able to distinguish unless you happen to know the man
16 next to you, but in actions where the reserve police and the army worked
17 together, you wouldn't know just looking at the person whether they were
18 the army or the police.
19 MS. SARTORIO:
20 Q. Now, can you tell us the difference. We've been speaking about
21 reserve police officers. Was there such a group of permanent police
22 officers in Visegrad?
23 A. You mean those who had been in the reserve police even before the
24 war, from before the war? Well, let me think. Tomic, Niko Vujicic,
25 Sredoje Lukic, and Veljko Planicic, perhaps. Then the policemen from
1 Gorazde, the refugees joined in, but when exactly they arrived, I don't
3 Q. So when you say those who had been in the reserve police even
4 before the war, well, they wouldn't be called the reserve police, would
5 they? Wouldn't there just be a police department of Visegrad?
6 MR. ALARID: Objection, calls for speculation. The witness has
7 testified as to his terms within, and he would be speculating as to
8 things before the war other than his general knowledge. As such, I would
9 say asked and answered.
10 JUDGE ROBINSON: I don't agree. He seems to have a basis for
11 providing the answer. Please answer, Witness.
12 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Could the question be repeated.
13 MS. SARTORIO:
14 Q. The question was, when you say those who had been in the reserve
15 police even before the war, they wouldn't be called the reserve police,
16 would they? Wouldn't they just be the police department of Visegrad?
17 A. No. Even before the war, they were the reserve police. I don't
18 know in what way they were activated back then, but they were reserve
19 policeman even before the war, but I was not among them.
20 Q. Now, there were about six police administrations within the
21 Visegrad police department; is that correct?
22 A. I don't know what kind of administrations you are talking about.
23 There was one administration. The chief was Tomic. I don't know
24 anything about six administrations.
25 Q. So it's your testimony that all reserve police officers -- did
1 you have just one building that you reported to?
2 A. Yes.
3 MR. ALARID: And Your Honour, we would ask for a clarification of
4 the record. Page 67, line 16, it's our position that he mentioned both
5 Chief Tomic and also mentioned Perisic. Thank you. Excuse me, line 12,
6 I'm sorry, being the question.
7 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Ms. Sartorio.
8 MR. IVETIC: Your Honour, just one quick point. I don't know
9 which is the proper transcript to look at, but on the centre monitors
10 it's line 12 of page 67, but on our private monitors it's line 16. There
11 seems to be a discrepancy of a few lines.
12 MS. SARTORIO: I'll move on. It can be corrected after --
13 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, I would think so.
14 MS. SARTORIO: Thank you.
15 Q. So can you tell us then approximately how many reserve police
16 officers there were in this administration in May and June of 1992?
17 A. Quite a few. I don't know the exact number. There should be
18 some records, maybe up to 200, maybe more. I don't know the exact
20 Q. And how do you know that there were 200 or maybe more if you
21 didn't -- if you haven't seen any list? How did you know that?
22 A. Well, I know roughly. We couldn't all gather there at the same
23 time. Some men were at Brodar, others were at other locations, but we
24 would run into each other. We know from the talk and sometimes we would
25 sit together and talk and share stories, who had been where, because it's
1 from this number of men that later companies and platoons were formed,
2 and fewer of us remained on the reserve police force attached to the SUP.
3 But even if -- sometimes there could be one single officer on duty
4 remaining in the building because all of us would be raised for an
5 incident to go out in the field and respond.
6 Q. When you say later companies and platoons were formed, when
7 later? When were these companies and platoons formed?
8 A. Sometime in May, beginning of May. Now, who decided on these
9 companies, they had on record everybody's military specialty, who had
10 gotten what kind of training in the army. I was a driver. If they had
11 needed a radar man, I could not have remained on the reserve police force
12 because I would be assigned to a radar, if we had had one.
13 Q. Thank you, sir.
14 A. Because I had received training during my military service to
15 operate a radar mounted on a vehicle.
16 Q. So when you said that "... later companies and platoons were
17 formed ... fewer of us remained on the reserve police force ..." then you
18 mentioned later when I asked you specifically when, you said that was
19 sometime in May. So that's your testimony that some men in May, as early
20 as May were being assigned to platoons and other military units; is that
22 MR. ALARID: And I would object as to I believe it misstates the
24 MS. SARTORIO: I disagree.
25 JUDGE ROBINSON: What do you say is the evidence, Mr. Alarid?
1 MR. ALARID: Your Honour, I believe the problem is the vagueness
2 in relation to -- this witness I believe was responding to when they
3 first started being formed into platoons, and then Ms. Sartorio changed
4 the point, and I think it's confusing the matter.
5 MS. SARTORIO: Well, I don't believe it's confusing, Your Honour.
6 I asked a specific follow-up question from a specific answer he gave, and
7 then he gave another answer.
8 JUDGE ROBINSON: Ask the question again, and the witness will
9 answer it.
10 MS. SARTORIO:
11 Q. Sir, I asked you -- you said that there were fewer police
12 reserves because platoons and units were being formed. Is that your
14 A. That's correct, yes.
15 Q. And then I asked you, When were these platoons and units being
16 formed, and you said in May; is that correct?
17 A. That's correct I think.
18 Q. So as early as May, they were --
19 A. I don't know which date in May, but I know it was then.
20 Q. Okay. So as early as May, there were some reserve police
21 officers that were being mobilised into military units; correct?
22 A. That's correct.
23 MS. SARTORIO: Now, I'd like to ask you a little bit about --
24 first, a question about the exhibit, the photographs that you were shown
25 by the Defence, and I'd like to call up ERN 0213-2844, which -- it was
1 marked for identification 246 last week. And I'd like to go to page 4,
2 if possible.
3 Q. Sir, I'd like you to look at --
4 MS. SARTORIO: If you could - yes - zoom in on number 59.
5 Q. Could you tell us what the name of this person is next to number
6 59, what his name is and when he was born and from where and when he was
8 A. You mean below or ...
9 Q. Number 59. If you could just tell us what this says.
10 A. It says Stefan Grujic, born in 1940, born in Koritnik, killed
11 28th of August, 1992, at Klasnik.
12 Q. Sir, this photograph is the same as all the other photographs
13 that you testified to at length on direct examination; is this correct?
14 A. You mean photographs or the list? I did not understand the
16 Q. Sorry, that was my fault. You looked at several photographs from
17 this document on direct examination; correct?
18 A. Yes, that's correct.
19 Q. And the other photographs that you looked at, all the information
20 with regard to those photographs was correct?
21 A. They are supposed to be correct. Nobody would indicate something
22 incorrect on a tombstone or on a memorial about the dates of killing. I
23 don't know. Maybe those who had been captured, maybe their date of death
24 is not known at all. Who knows.
25 Q. But you have no reason to question any of the information that is
1 contained in this document because you testified to a lot of it on
2 direct; correct?
3 A. You mean to challenge the veracity? There was no need, I think.
4 I suppose the information is correct.
5 MS. SARTORIO: Your Honour, we ask that this page be marked as an
6 exhibit, introduced in evidence.
7 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
8 MS. SARTORIO:
9 Q. Now, sir, you -- sorry.
10 JUDGE ROBINSON: Ms. Sartorio, I believe --
11 THE REGISTRAR: Document P 246 will become an exhibit.
12 JUDGE ROBINSON: I think we have to break now.
13 MS. SARTORIO: Okay. Thank you.
14 --- Recess taken at 12.21 p.m.
15 --- On resuming at 12.54 p.m.
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Ms. Sartorio.
17 MS. SARTORIO: Thank you, Mr. President.
18 Q. Sir, I'd look to ask you a couple of questions about the incident
19 in Kopito where Mr. Trifkovic was killed. Now, on direct examination you
20 said that soldiers tried to put the fire out with a bottle of water. Do
21 you remember saying that?
22 A. I wasn't there, but there was talk about that. I heard it from
23 somebody who was there. They had no mortal remains to bury, and I saw
24 that car, it was bent out completely and had stayed there for a long
1 Q. Do you recall who told you that the soldiers tried to put the
2 fire out with a bottle of water?
3 A. Ziga. I can't remember his exact name. I saw his name on the
4 list. He used to work in Sarajevo. He goes by the family name of
6 Q. And was he a part of any unit during this time, the time of the
8 A. He was a reserve policeman. Whether he was that at that time or
9 in the military, I don't know. He used to be in the reserve police force
10 but not -- I don't know until which point. He had come in his car, and
11 what they tried to do was to put out the fire, but the people had been
12 killed and dead already. He told me that we pulled some water bottles
13 from the cars and tried to put the fire out so that the bodies would no
14 longer burn.
15 Q. Okay. But when you said that he told you that soldiers tried to
16 put out the fire, can you tell us where those soldiers were from?
17 A. Well, he hailed from there, from Kocarin, to the left of that
18 road. Whether he came from one side or the other side, I don't know. I
19 don't have any idea. Most probably they pulled them out, those bodies.
20 Q. All right. Now, with regard to some vehicles that were used by
21 the reserve police, it's true, isn't it, that Commander Tomic, when he
22 was killed, he was with Mr. Andric. They were in a white car; is that
24 A. I don't know. I can't recall the colour of the car.
25 Q. Now, is it true that the police, reserve police force used to use
1 cars or rent cars from a company called Granite; is this true?
2 A. I don't know which companies they took vehicles from. It's
3 possible. From companies -- there were Muslim cars, as well, that we
5 Q. And that's my next question. On direct examination at page 36,
6 you said Muslim cars had been requisitioned. Do you recall saying that?
7 A. Yes.
8 Q. Why only Muslim cars? Why not Serb cars?
9 A. There were Serb cars most probably.
10 Q. But it's your testimony that it was mainly nice cars that were
11 requisitioned; is that true?
12 MR. ALARID: Objection, misstates the evidence. He made that
13 statement with regards to Tomic.
14 JUDGE ROBINSON: Well, just reformulate the question.
15 MS. SARTORIO:
16 Q. Sir, was it your memory and your experience that the reserve
17 police officers when they requisitioned cars from Muslims or Serbs, that
18 they tended to requisition cars that were better cars, newer cars than
19 old clunkers?
20 A. Well, they could have been older. They were useful for us to go
21 uphill on the non-tarmacked roads, on dirt roads. There were off-road
22 vehicle, Lada Niva. There were older and younger cars. We used very bad
24 Q. Sir, I'm going to ask you if you know a number of people, and if
25 you do know them, in what capacity did you know them? Did you know a
1 person by the name of Mijo Mitrosinovic?
2 A. I know him.
3 Q. And how do you know him, from where?
4 A. Well, he was in the intervention company. After the war, we
5 worked our companies were next-door -- our companies were next-door to
6 each other. I informally knew him during the war.
7 Q. And you said he was in the intervention company. Can you please
8 explain for us and the Chamber what you mean by intervention company?
9 A. Those who went into combat action to capture a summit,
10 irrespective of where they came from.
11 Q. Would this be considered a type of special unit?
12 A. No. It wasn't special. It wasn't special. Well, we would go on
13 the same task. We would -- they would come from a different part, or
14 they would be split into two groups together with us, and it depended on
15 our arrangements, who was going take which route to the desired goal.
16 But we were together.
17 Q. Okay. And the next person is Radomir, otherwise known as Raso,
18 Simic. Do you know a person by that name?
19 A. Simic, what was his first name? Or was his first name, I'm not
20 sure, Raso or Ramo?
21 Q. Raso or Radomir. Simsic, excuse me.
22 A. I used to know a Simic who got killed at Soline. I'm not sure
23 whether it was the name of the place, Soline.
24 JUDGE ROBINSON: You are talking about Simsic?
25 MS. SARTORIO: Yes. My pronunciation is the problem here. I'll
1 repeat. The last name is pronounced Simsic. Simsic.
2 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Simsic, you mean. I don't know
4 MS. SARTORIO: Okay. Did you know a person or do you know a
5 person by the name of Dusko Vasiljevic?
6 A. No.
7 Q. Ljubisa Vasiljevic?
8 A. No.
9 Q. Jovan Lipovac?
10 A. No. Where is that Jovan from?
11 Q. Well, if you know someone a person by the name of Jovan Lipovac,
12 you can tell us.
13 A. I used to know somebody short, very short. This is how I
14 remembered him. But I didn't know him well.
15 Q. And where did you know him from?
16 A. I would notice him on the battle-field. I don't know whether --
17 when I saw him last, but he is stuck in my memory.
18 Q. But in your memory you saw him on the battle-field when you were
19 on the battle-field; correct?
20 A. Yes.
21 Q. Now, do you know a person or did you know a person by the name of
22 Dobrosav Lipovac?
23 A. No.
24 Q. And the last person is Zoran Mitrosinovic?
25 A. I know him. He works in the same company as I.
1 Q. And how did you know him?
2 A. Yes, yes. I didn't know him when it all started, but I met him
3 afterwards. I never went into combat action with him. Now I know him
4 well. We work at the same company. We sit around drinking coffee
5 together, but I don't know when I really met him.
6 Q. And since you know him now, do you know what he did during the
8 A. Well, he would go to the battle-fields just as any other
10 Q. Do you know what unit or group he was a member of when he went
11 into battle?
12 A. I think he was in that intervention unit. I'm not sure how it
13 was labelled then, but it was the intervention company. He would go into
14 combat action, that's for sure.
15 Q. Now, I would like to ask you some questions about the White
16 Eagles that you testified to about on direct. You mentioned that both
17 Muslims and Serbs ran from them. Now, how is it that you knew about the
18 White Eagles?
19 A. Well, one had to get out of their way.
20 Q. And what kind of uniforms or what did they wear that made you
21 recognise them as White Eagles so that you could get out of their way?
22 A. I don't know -- they wore camouflage fatigues, whatever they had.
23 One would wear a sajkaca cap, another would sport a beret. They didn't
24 have uniform uniforms.
25 Q. So they wore the same uniforms as other units that were engaged
1 in combat; correct?
2 A. Similar. Similar.
3 Q. Now, do you know if they had an insignia of a white eagle
4 anywhere on their uniform?
5 A. I can't remember. There were some insignia, but I'm not sure
6 what kind of insignia they were. On the -- wherever they were attached
7 on their uniform, I can't recall really.
8 Q. Could you recall if there was any insignia on the cap that they
9 were wearing or the, as you called it -- well, it's not in the
10 transcript, something on their head. Was there an insignia on whatever
11 they wore on their head?
12 A. They wore some, but I'm not sure what kind of insignia those
14 Q. Well, I guess then I'm a little confused about how you could get
15 out of their way if you're not able to tell us what there was about them
16 that you would notice in order to get out of their way.
17 A. Well, we were more or less all acquainted with one another. We
18 knew that they were in Visegrad. They stood out. People would say, If
19 they are in the hotel, don't get near them, get out of the way.
20 Q. Did you know that Vinko Pandurevic was the commander of the White
22 A. No, he wasn't. I think he wasn't, but I'm not sure. I don't
24 Q. Did you know --
25 A. They --
1 Q. Go ahead and finish, please.
2 A. I can't remember what I was about to say.
3 Q. Did you know Vinko Pandurevic?
4 A. Slightly.
5 Q. In what capacity did you know him? How did you know him?
6 A. I saw him once at Brodar while we were there.
7 Q. And when you saw him, what were you doing? What was he doing?
8 A. We were there --
9 MR. ALARID: Objection, this goes beyond the scope of direct
11 MS. SARTORIO: Your Honour, this is our case. We are allowed to
12 put our case to the witness.
13 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. Answer the question.
14 MS. SARTORIO:
15 Q. Do you remember my question, sir?
16 A. Yes, I was at Brodar. There, this was the furthest that we could
17 advance. This was our battle line. I was on a hilltop above the Drina
18 river. We used to bivouac there and sleep there, and these were our
19 forward lines.
20 Q. So when you saw Vinko Pandurevic, you were engaged in an
21 operation; is that correct?
22 A. No, no, no. We were manning this front-line.
23 Q. Was he and his unit manning the front-line with you?
24 A. No. His unit was there, yes, some ten men. I didn't know who
25 commanded them. I saw them form a line and being addressed, but I didn't
1 see who. We never were mustered into lines. I was just manning a
2 hilltop above the Drina river.
3 Q. Now, did you know any of these some ten men?
4 A. I knew a person by the name of Karaklic.
5 Q. Was this person a member of the White Eagles?
6 A. No -- Beli Orlovi were not at Brodar, or White Eagles were not at
7 Brodar at all.
8 Q. So what unit was Vinko Pandurevic a part of?
9 A. Well, he was the commander.
10 Q. The commander of what unit, sir?
11 MR. ALARID: Objection, calls for speculation, asked and
13 JUDGE ROBINSON: How does it call for -- both of you come from
14 the same jurisdiction, and you have this "asked and answered" thing.
15 What is the speculation here? It seems to me -- was he a member of the
16 White Eagles. Either he knows or he doesn't know. If he doesn't know,
17 he says he doesn't know.
18 What is the answer?
19 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No, he wasn't.
20 MS. SARTORIO:
21 Q. My question, though, was you said: "Well, he was the commander."
22 Was the commander of what, sir?
23 A. Troops. Those companies, I don't know how they establish them.
24 There were 10 people or 20 people to a platoon. I don't know. I don't
25 know whether Company 1 was deployed, Company 2. I don't know how they
1 categorised them. I never saw any lists of those troops. People were
2 deployed as per orders that they were given.
3 Q. Can you tell us if you -- can you tell us if you remember the
4 names of any members of this group, the White Eagles?
5 A. No.
6 Q. Did you remember seeing --
7 A. Maybe they sported nicknames, but I can't recall any of them. I
8 had never known their names.
9 Q. Did you ever see them carrying a banner?
10 A. I can't recall. Maybe, but I can't recall.
11 MS. SARTORIO: Could we please -- the court officer please bring
12 up Prosecution's Exhibit 229.
13 Q. Sir, have you ever seen this banner before?
14 A. No.
15 Q. Had you ever seen this skull and cross-bone on any banner or any
16 clothing worn by any person in the reserve police or the military?
17 A. No. I don't know about the military, but not in the reserves
18 police. Maybe somebody would sport a badge. There were 10, 20 types of
19 different badges. People would wear badges of all sorts, as far as their
20 fancy took them, but I can't recall seeing this one.
21 Q. But as far as you are concerned, no one on the police wore a
22 skull and cross-bone on their uniform, did they?
23 A. I can't recall that.
24 Q. Now, do you recognise the caps or the hats that these gentleman
25 are wearing?
1 A. I recognise them, yes.
2 Q. And from where do you recognise them?
3 A. Well, the one is sajkaca. Older people would wear such caps, the
4 sajkaca cap in my village. Elderly people sported that headgear.
5 Q. And is that the gentleman who is on the left as you look at the
7 A. Yes, the sajkaca-wearing gentleman.
8 Q. When you say that older people would wear such cap in your
9 village, is this person -- does this person look -- when you say the
10 older people in the village, are these people that were out in their
11 fields working, or where would you see these people?
12 A. Both going into town or working in the field, maybe an older
13 sajkaca that would be worn if they were working around the household,
14 maybe a newer one would be worn to town, either dark green or blue. In
15 recent years, they wouldn't wear them as frequently as in the olden days.
16 Even today, older people wear sajkacas in my village.
17 Q. But sir, it's quite clear from this picture that this gentleman
18 isn't working around the house. Would you agree with me?
19 A. No, he is not working around the house.
20 Q. And can you tell us what the banner says?
21 A. With faith in God -- and then I can't make out the bottom, maybe
22 freedom. The rest cannot be made out. With faith in God, freedom or
23 death. It could be freedom or death. Something like that.
24 Q. And did you know any group that used this saying as their motto?
25 A. I don't know.
1 MS. SARTORIO: This photograph may be put away.
2 Q. Now, sir, as a former reserve police officer, are you aware that
3 between April and August of 1992 that the group the White Eagles were
4 committing crimes in and around the municipality of Visegrad?
5 A. I don't know. People used to say that they did, but I didn't see
6 it with my own eyes, so I can't tell you anything about that. The people
7 talked that they did.
8 Q. Did people talk about any other groups committing crimes against
9 Bosnian civilians during this time-period?
10 A. No.
11 Q. Okay. So just this one group, is that your testimony? Or were
12 there other groups?
13 A. That one group of White Eagles was there.
14 Q. Now, sir, with regard to Milan Lukic being a member of the
15 reserve police force, are you aware that on the 27th of October of 1992,
16 Mr. Lukic told the Serbian authorities the following. He says:
17 "I have been on the front in Visegrad and its surroundings since
18 10 April 1992. I am a command commander of the group called the
19 Avengers, initially known as the Obrenovac Detachment. The group has
20 between 20 and 50 men and is under the command of the Visegrad
21 Territorial Defence, and I'm directly subordinate to Vinko Pandurevic."
22 Did you know that Milan made this statement?
23 MR. ALARID: And we would object to that in terms of hearsay,
24 lack of foundation.
25 JUDGE ROBINSON: The objection on the ground of hearsay, as you
1 know, doesn't hold water here, Mr. Alarid.
2 Were you aware that Milan Lukic had made such a statement,
4 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I don't know.
5 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, next question.
6 MS. SARTORIO:
7 Q. Sir, if he had made this statement, could you be mistaken that he
8 was a member of the reserve police forces?
9 A. What do you mean being mistaken to believe that he was in the
10 reserve police force?
11 Q. Well, if he made the statement that he was what I just told you
12 he was, as part of the group The Avengers, if he said that and that's
13 true, then are you mistaken that he was part of the reserve police
15 MR. ALARID: Your Honour, we would object in clarification of the
16 transcript. The translation did not pick up his description of his --
17 Milan Lukic's association with Tomic and Andric. That is not referenced
18 in the transcript.
19 MS. SARTORIO: Your Honour, I object to, again, coaching the
20 witness, whatever --
21 MR. ALARID: We can play the tape.
22 MS. SARTORIO: The tape will speak for itself later on. You can
23 file your motions objecting to the transcript at another time.
24 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. Thank you. Please proceed.
25 MS. SARTORIO:
1 Q. Sir, can you answer my question whether you might be mistaken
2 that Milan Lukic was part of the reserve police forces?
3 A. No, I'm not mistaken.
4 Q. Sir --
5 JUDGE ROBINSON: Ms. Sartorio, is membership of one group
6 incompatible with the other?
7 MS. SARTORIO: Is that a question for me? I'll ask the witness
8 that question, and I believe I covered that on direct. Does Your Honour
9 want me to ...
10 JUDGE ROBINSON: You don't have to follow it up.
11 MS. SARTORIO: Okay.
12 Q. Sir, did the police -- were they regularly assigned sniper rifles
13 with silencers?
14 A. No. But you could carry or bring a sniper rifle if you go into
15 action. But why carry it about every day, because those rifles are
16 heavy. But if you are a good marksmen, then you can bring a sniper
18 MS. SARTORIO: Could I ask the court officer to please bring up
19 photograph 0644-6594. And if you could bring it up and then zoom in as
20 much as possible, please.
21 Q. Sir, do you recognise the men in this photograph?
22 A. I recognise the one on the right.
23 Q. And who is that?
24 A. Milan Lukic.
25 Q. And you don't know the person on the left; is that correct?
1 A. I don't know him.
2 Q. So you didn't know this person to be a member of the reserve
3 police force, did you?
4 MR. ALARID: Objection, calls for speculation. He answered the
6 MS. SARTORIO: I'll rephrase it, Your Honour.
7 Q. Sir, you said you didn't know this person. Had you ever seen
8 this person in any meetings or activities with the reserve police forces?
9 A. I do not remember. I may have, but I don't remember his looks.
10 Q. Now, sir, the picture of Milan Lukic, is this how you remember
11 Milan Lukic looking in 1992?
12 A. I have never seen him wearing this sort of cap.
13 Q. Okay. But other than the cap, his face, is that how you remember
15 A. It's been quite awhile. I don't know. It's been 17 years since
16 the beginning of the war.
17 Q. Right. But you recall him giving you a cigarette in May. So all
18 I'm asking you is did this look like Milan when you knew him during the
20 A. But now I can't see what kind of uniform he is wearing in this
21 picture. He seems to be -- have a beard. I've never seen him with a
22 beard, and he is wearing obviously camouflage pants, but this is a
23 civilian jacket or something.
24 Q. Okay. But can you tell me what you think his approximate age is
25 in this photograph?
1 MR. ALARID: Objection, calls for speculation.
2 JUDGE ROBINSON: He can say --
3 MR. ALARID: Irrelevance.
4 JUDGE ROBINSON: He can say what he thinks his approximate age
6 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I know that he was born in 1967, so
7 I don't have to guess. I know when he was born.
8 MS. SARTORIO:
9 Q. So does he look about 24, 25 in this photograph to you?
10 A. Well, I don't know.
11 Q. Okay. Sir, now, is this the type of cap --
12 A. This is a black and white photograph, so you can't really see him
13 all that well.
14 Q. Now, is this the type of hat that was routinely worn by reserve
15 police officers?
16 A. No.
17 MS. SARTORIO: Your Honour, I ask that this be admitted into
18 evidence, please.
19 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
20 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit P 249, Your Honours.
21 MS. SARTORIO: Now, I'd like the court officer, please, to bring
22 up 1D 98.
23 MR. CEPIC: In the meantime, just for the record could we have
24 Exhibit number. Sorry.
25 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit P 249.
1 MR. CEPIC: Thank you. My apologies for this -- [microphone not
3 JUDGE ROBINSON: Nice to hear from you now and then, Mr. Cepic.
4 You are like a forgotten man.
5 MR. CEPIC: Thank you, Your Honour.
6 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
7 MS. SARTORIO:
8 Q. Okay. Could we just focus in on the top photo first, please.
9 Sir, did you know a person by the name of Dragutin Dragicevic?
10 A. No.
11 Q. How about a person by the name of Djordje Sevic did you know a
12 person by that name?
13 A. No.
14 Q. As far as you recall, you never knew these men as part of the
15 reserve police officers, did you?
16 A. I didn't.
17 Q. Do you know any of the men in this photograph?
18 A. I know Mijo.
19 Q. And which one is Mijo?
20 A. The one on the right.
21 Q. The one with the -- looks like a type of a cap and he's got --
22 well, they all have beards, the one on the right as you look at the
23 photograph; correct?
24 A. Yes.
25 MS. SARTORIO: Now may we look at the photograph on the bottom,
2 Q. Sir, can you tell us if you recognise anyone in this photograph,
3 and if so, tell us whom you recognise.
4 A. I know Milan, Mijo, and Mitar, three of them.
5 Q. When you say Mijo, I need to ask you, do you know the last name
6 of Mijo?
7 A. Mitrosinovic. I'm not sure about his first name, but we all
8 called him Mijo. We knew him by the name of Mijo, Mitrosinovic.
9 Q. And could you describe for us, since we have a transcript here,
10 where Milan is either standing or kneeling down? Can you tell us where
11 he is in this photograph?
12 A. He is standing on the left.
13 Q. Okay, on the far left he is standing. Can you tell us who is
14 next to him?
15 A. It's Mijo.
16 Q. And as far as you are concerned, you don't know any of the other
17 men in this photograph; correct?
18 MR. ALARID: Objection, misstates the evidence. He indicated a
20 MS. SARTORIO: Oh, sorry.
21 Q. Could you tell us Mitar, the full name, please, and then describe
22 for the record where Mitar is. What is Mitar's last name?
23 A. I don't know his last name. He is the one standing on the right.
24 That's Mitar. His last name may be Mitrosinovic, but I'm not sure.
25 MS. SARTORIO: I'd like to make it clear because it's going get
1 confusing. May we assist the witness in marking the photograph.
2 Q. Sir, could you please circle the head of Milan Lukic and put ML
3 next to the circle?
4 A. [Marks]
5 Q. Okay. And then, sir, could you circle the person that you knew
6 as Mijo and put -- I believe you said his last name is Mitrosinovic, so
7 put MM?
8 A. [Marks]
9 Q. Okay. Now, could you also do the same for the person you
10 identified as Mitar, circle his head, please, and just write "Mitar" next
11 to him.
12 A. [Marks]
13 Q. Now, sir, how did you know -- from where did you know this person
14 named Mitar?
15 A. I knew him because he only had one eye, so -- it was a small
16 town, you know, so that everybody knew people with ... and his brother
17 got killed, so everybody knew these facts.
18 Q. Was he a member of the reserve police force?
19 A. No.
20 Q. And does this look like the same hat that we saw Milan wearing in
21 the previous photo when he is sitting on the couch?
22 A. Yes, it looks that way.
23 Q. Now, I'd like to admit this photograph in evidence, Your Honours.
24 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
25 THE REGISTRAR: Exhibit P 250, Your Honours.
1 MS. SARTORIO:
2 Q. Now, I want to ask you a few more questions about this
3 photograph. Do you see the person kneeling down in the middle. He has
4 -- is one of the three men kneeling. He's in the middle, and he's the
5 only one with a beard. Do you see him?
6 A. I do.
7 MS. SARTORIO: Could we move up to the photograph at the top of
8 the page.
9 Q. Now, sir, do you see this same person in this photograph?
10 A. I'm not sure if this is him.
11 Q. The person in the middle?
12 A. Yes.
13 MS. SARTORIO: Well, we'll go back down to the picture at the
14 bottom, please.
15 Q. Sir, if I told you that the person who was kneeling in the middle
16 has been convicted of war crimes along with Milan Lukic in Belgrade court
17 in 2005, did you know that?
18 MR. ALARID: Objection, relevance, calls for speculation.
19 JUDGE ROBINSON: I can't see the objection to it. But let me ask
20 Ms. Sartorio, how do you plan to get in evidence in relation to this that
21 would be relevant?
22 MS. SARTORIO: I'm just asking if he knows that, and we will be
23 introducing the judgement if we haven't already. It will be introduced
24 in our case. I'll withdraw the question, Your Honour. I'll withdraw the
1 So this document was marked, was it not? Yes. Okay. We may
2 remove this from the screen, and may the court officer please bring up
3 P 230.
4 Q. Sir, do you recognise the person in this photograph?
5 A. Yes.
6 Q. And who is it?
7 A. Milan Lukic.
8 Q. Now, is Milan Lukic wearing a typical uniform worn by a reserve
9 police officer?
10 A. I may have had one just like that. He is only in shirt sleeves,
11 but a jacket goes with this shirt.
12 Q. Okay.
13 A. As far -- I mean, to the extent it can be seen here.
14 MS. SARTORIO: May I have one moment, Your Honour, for a second
15 to consult with my colleague.
16 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes.
17 [Prosecution counsel confer]
18 MS. SARTORIO: Okay. This document may be removed from the
20 Q. Now, sir, I'm going to ask you some questions now about some
21 other members of the reserve police force. Now, I believe you mentioned
22 these persons on direct, but Dragan Tomic was a member of the police
23 reserve forces; correct?
24 A. No.
25 Q. What was he a member of, then?
1 A. Well, he was the commander of the police station, and that's what
2 he was before the war. He can't be a reserve police officer if he is a
3 police chief.
4 Q. All right.
5 A. He was on active police duty. I believe that he graduated from
6 some kind of school.
7 Q. Thank you. I stand corrected.
8 And Vidoje Andric, was he a member of the reserve police or a
9 member of the regular police?
10 A. Vidoje Andric was a member of the reserve police.
11 Q. And what about Risto Perisic?
12 A. He was chief, but I don't know how that was all agreed. He was a
13 teacher of Serbian, and later on he became chief.
14 Q. And how about Boban Simsic, Simsic? He was a member of the
15 reserve police force; correct?
16 A. He was but not all the time. Later on, he was transferred to --
17 I don't know which company. At first he was at Prelovo, and then he went
18 elsewhere and got transferred to a company.
19 MS. SARTORIO: May the court officer please bring up
20 Prosecution's Exhibit 209.
21 Q. Sir, can you tell us what the title of this document is?
22 A. You want me to read it all out? Serbian Republic of
23 Bosnia-Herzegovina, Ministry of the Interior, Trebinje Security Services
24 Centre, public security station Visegrad; the 1st of August, 1992; a list
25 of permanent staff and reserve forces of the police; payment of wages for
1 June 1992 permanent staff.
2 Q. It says permanent and reserve staff, does it not?
3 A. Yes. It says permanent -- it says permanent staff, but then at
4 the second mention of permanent staff, there is no mention of reserve
5 forces. Up there, yes, but I'm now looking at the heading with item
6 number 1, marked 1, but the overall title does mention reserve forces of
7 the police.
8 MS. SARTORIO: Thank you. Your Honours, my understanding is this
9 document was admitted under seal, so I'm not sure why, but -- we could
10 not publish the document to the public, but I think the questions can be
12 Q. Sir, just to run through this quickly, you see number 1 on this
13 first list is Risto Perisic; correct?
14 A. Yes, I can see him.
15 Q. And do you see number 7 is Dragan Tomic?
16 A. Yes.
17 Q. And number 13 is Sredoje Lukic?
18 A. Yes.
19 Q. Did you know that Sredoje Lukic was a member of the police
20 reserves also?
21 A. No, he was not in the reserve police. I didn't know him at all.
22 When he was captured, everybody heard of him. It was all over the
23 television by the hydro power-station, the dam.
24 Q. Okay. He was a member of the police prior to the war, wasn't he?
25 A. I didn't know him then, but I believe he was.
1 MS. SARTORIO: Could we go to the second page, please.
2 Q. Now, what does it say at the top of the second page?
3 A. "Reserve police force." Or you mean the second page?
4 Q. Yeah, you just said what I asked you, at the top of the page.
5 MS. SARTORIO: Could you move over so the witness can see the
6 numbers, please? Would it be possible? Well, we can't see it on the
7 screen either.
8 JUDGE ROBINSON: This will be the last question, Ms. Sartorio.
9 MS. SARTORIO: Okay. Just --
10 Q. Sir, do you see number 2 is Vidoje Andric?
14 Q. And number 35 is Boban Simsic; correct?
15 A. Yes, it says Boban Simsic.
16 Q. Sir, you don't see the name Milan Lukic anywhere on this document
17 that is about payment of wages for June 1992, permanent and reserve
18 police forces, do you?
19 A. I don't know why he isn't on the list. Who knows when the list
20 was made. If this were the original list, he certainly would have been
21 on the list, if the list had been made at that time.
22 Q. Well, sir, you see the first page of the list it says 1st of
23 August, 1992, does it not?
24 MR. ALARID: Objection, lack of foundation, lack of personal
1 MS. SARTORIO: He could look at the first page of the document.
2 MR. ALARID: But he can't establish authenticity of it because he
3 never generated it nor did he ever see it.
4 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Alarid, I don't understand these objections.
5 Just a minute, please. Just a minute. I don't understand the
6 objections. The first page show the first page, and you are saying the
7 witness can't comment on it because the authenticity can't be
8 established. Is that your point?
9 MR. ALARID: Well, yes, Your Honour -- well, no --
10 JUDGE ROBINSON: Well, Wouldn't that be apply to all the other
11 questions that have been asked about it?
12 MR. ALARID: Exactly, Your Honour. The issue is this, is he has
13 answered the question, he has given his answer as to his speculation with
14 regards to it, and the Prosecution is putting to him something that then
15 now demands the authenticity of the document. His understanding is one
16 thing, but confirming the document as to when it was generated or
17 otherwise is a different thing. It's then offering the document for the
18 truth of the matter asserted.
19 MS. SARTORIO: Your Honour --
20 JUDGE ROBINSON: But he is not being asked to authenticate the
21 document. What was your question, Ms. Sartorio?
22 MS. SARTORIO:
23 Q. Well, the question was, sir, I'd asked you about various people
24 whom you said were part of the police or the police reserves, and those
25 six names including your own are on this list; correct?
1 A. Yes, my name is on the list.
2 Q. And Mr. Simsic's name is on the list; Mr. Andric's name is on the
3 list; Mr. Tomic's name is on the list; correct?
4 A. Yes.
5 JUDGE ROBINSON: And Milan Lukic's name is not on it, and it is
6 for the Trial Chamber now to deduce what we wish from that.
7 MS. SARTORIO: Thank you, Your Honour.
8 JUDGE ROBINSON: We will adjourn and resume tomorrow.
9 MR. GROOME: Your Honour, there's just an urgent matter if I
10 could bring to the Chamber's attention.
11 JUDGE ROBINSON: Very quickly.
12 MR. GROOME: Very quickly. I need to go into private session,
13 Your Honour, to raise it.
14 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. Okay.
15 [Private session]
8 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 1.50 p.m.,
9 to be reconvened on Wednesday, the 4th day of
10 March, 2009, at 2.15 p.m.