Tribunal Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Page 15218

 1                           Monday, 19 August 2013

 2                           [Open session]

 3                           [The accused entered court]

 4                           --- Upon commencing at 10.11 a.m.

 5             JUDGE ORIE:  Good morning to everyone in and around this

 6     courtroom, after quite a while of absence and recess.

 7             Mr. Registrar, would you please call the case.

 8             THE REGISTRAR:  Thank you and good morning, Your Honours.  This

 9     is case number IT-09-92-T, the Prosecutor versus Ratko Mladic.

10             JUDGE ORIE:  Thank you, Mr. Registrar.

11             We had a delayed start due to technical problems.

12             Is the Prosecution ready to call its next witness?

13             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Yes, good morning, Your Honour.

14             JUDGE ORIE:  We are in closed session?

15                           [Trial Chamber and Registrar confer]

16             JUDGE ORIE:  I'm informed that the indication in the courtroom of

17     whether we are in closed or in open session is not properly functioning

18     and that we were in open session for all of the time, despite the little

19     monitor telling us that we were supposed to be in closed session.

20     Mr. Vanderpuye?

21             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you.  Again, good morning, Mr. President

22     and Your Honours.  We are ready to call the next witness.  I wanted to

23     advise the Chamber that I had estimated one and a half hours to examine

24     this witness.  Having reviewed the materials quite carefully, it appears

25     to me quite clear that I will not be able to examine him in that period

Page 15219

 1     of time so we would be asking to revise the estimate.  I'll do my best to

 2     cut and trim as I go, and I will hopefully be able to advise the Chamber

 3     more precisely how long I will be able to -- I will be examining him by

 4     the end of the first break.

 5             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Well, let's then wait and see what the new

 6     estimate will be.  May I take it that your witness is Mr. Dusan Janc?

 7             MR. VANDERPUYE:  That's correct, Mr. President.

 8             JUDGE ORIE:  Could the witness be escorted into the courtroom.

 9             Meanwhile, I use the time for the following.  On the

10     26th of July, Defence has filed a request for an additional 30 days to

11     file its response to the Prosecution's motion to admit evidence from the

12     bar table concerning the Foca municipality.  The Chamber granted this

13     request informally on the 30th of July and now takes the opportunity to

14     put on the record that the new deadline for the response is the

15     26th of August.

16                           [The witness entered court]

17             JUDGE ORIE:  Good morning, Mr. Janc.

18             THE WITNESS:  Good morning.

19             JUDGE ORIE:  Before you give evidence, the Rules require that you

20     make a solemn declaration, the text of which is now handed out to you.

21     May I invite to you make that solemn declaration.

22             THE WITNESS:  I solemnly declare that I will speak the truth, the

23     whole truth, and nothing but the truth.

24                           WITNESS:  DUSAN JANC

25             JUDGE ORIE:  Thank you, Mr. Janc.  Please be seated.  You are

Page 15220

 1     already.  You'll first be examined by Mr. Vanderpuye.  You'll find him to

 2     your right.  Mr. Vanderpuye is, as most likely you'll be aware of, is

 3     counsel for the Prosecution.

 4             Please proceed, Mr. Vanderpuye.

 5             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.  Good morning again.

 6     Good morning to everyone.

 7                           Examination by Mr. Vanderpuye:

 8        Q.   And good morning to you, Mr. Janc.

 9        A.   Good morning.

10        Q.   Just so that we can get started correctly, could you state your

11     name for the record.

12        A.   My name is Dusan Janc.

13        Q.   Just so that you can provide a little bit of background for the

14     Chamber, could you tell us what your current employment is?

15        A.   Currently I'm with the Office of Internal Oversight Services,

16     this is a United Nations office, and I'm based in Nairobi.  I'm an

17     investigator.

18        Q.   How long have you been in that particular assignment?

19        A.   I've been in Nairobi since 1st of August, 2011.

20        Q.   I'd like to acquaint the Chamber with a bit of your professional

21     background.  Can you tell us how you began your career?

22        A.   I joined the police force of the Republic of Slovenia in 1993 as

23     a police officer.  After a year I was promoted to a criminal investigator

24     at the police station.  Then in 2000 I was promoted to a criminal

25     investigator at the regional level where I -- when I deal -- dealt with

Page 15221

 1     organised crime.  Between June 2003 and 2004, I was -- I spent a year in

 2     European Union Police Mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina as an advisor to

 3     criminal investigation department of the Republic of Srpska, and then I

 4     returned back to my national police forces in Slovenia.  And on 1st of

 5     June, 2006, I joined the ICTY Office of the Prosecutor as an

 6     investigator.

 7        Q.   In your experience in your national jurisdiction, what kinds of

 8     investigations did you conduct or participate in, what kind of crimes

 9     other than, I assume, organised crimes?

10        A.   I did investigate all sorts of crimes from minor criminal

11     offences like thefts, fraud, and this kind of crimes when I was at the

12     police station level, and then when I joined the criminal organised crime

13     department I was in charge of more serious crimes including smuggling and

14     acts of terrorism and also a part of homicide department crimes.

15        Q.   And in your assignment as an advisor in the RS, Republika Srpska,

16     what specifically did you do?

17        A.   European Union Police Mission, EUPM, was a mentoring and

18     monitoring mission in Bosnia-Herzegovina so it was advisory role to the

19     criminal investigation department of the Republika Srpska, in terms of

20     how to perform the professional duties in a properly manner.

21        Q.   Was that in relation to all types of criminal investigations or

22     certain -- certain specific ongoing investigations?

23        A.   It was related to all crimes.

24        Q.   When you joined the Office of the Prosecutor at the ICTY in 2011

25     as an investigator, what was your assignment?

Page 15222

 1        A.   As soon as I joined the Office of the Prosecutor, I was attached

 2     to the team of Srebrenica investigation and I've been involved with this

 3     investigation throughout my career here.

 4        Q.   And that would have been five years from 2006 to 2011, is that

 5     right?

 6        A.   Correct, five years and two months.

 7        Q.   Were you involved in the investigation of what specific cases?

 8     Rather, let me rephrase that.  What specific cases were you involved in

 9     the investigation concerned?

10        A.   So they -- as I told it was investigation related to the events

11     which occurred after the fall of Srebrenica.  But if you're asking me

12     about the cases, the trial cases.

13        Q.   Which cases, yes.

14        A.   Yeah.  This was -- first when I joined it was Popovic case,

15     Popovic et al case.  Then I was involved with the Tolimir case, and I did

16     testify also in Karadzic case last year, and now I'm testifying in this

17     case.

18        Q.   Okay.  And during the course of your involvement in these -- in

19     the Srebrenica investigation for the five years that you were with the

20     Office of the Prosecutor, what types of materials did you review, did you

21     investigate, research, that kind of thing?

22        A.   You mean in general?

23        Q.   In general.

24        A.   It was all sorts of material which was collected over the years,

25     also which was collected during the time I spent with the Office of the

Page 15223

 1     Prosecutor.  So which basically mean documentation obtained during the

 2     year, evidence on different sorts of criminal activities, then witness

 3     statements, documents provided to the OTP through different requests for

 4     assistance, all -- various types of internal documents like documents

 5     produced by different investigators on investigations itself, which means

 6     basic reports, analyses on findings, so these are the type of evidence

 7     I've been reviewing.

 8        Q.   Did you undertake any missions to the field and, in particular,

 9     in respect of the grave sites that are alleged to be part or related to

10     the crimes charged in the Srebrenica events?

11        A.   Yes.  I did visit grave sites back in -- if I'm not mistaken, in

12     October or November 2007.  At that time, I visited with my colleagues all

13     the grave sites known at the time, either being already exhumed or not,

14     and were related to Srebrenica events.

15        Q.   Now you mentioned that you testified in the Popovic, Tolimir and

16     Karadzic cases respectively and you're now testifying in this case.  Did

17     you prepare reports in the context of the testimony -- your previous

18     testimony?

19        A.   Yes, I did.

20        Q.   Did you prepare a report in relation to -- well, rather, what did

21     you -- what did your report concern in respect of your testimony in those

22     cases?

23        A.   My report is actually an update on Dean Manning's report.  It's

24     actually called "Update to the Summary of Forensic Evidence - Exhumation

25     of the Graves and Surface Remains Recoveries Related to Srebrenica."

Page 15224

 1        Q.   Did you -- when was the first iteration of that report, in

 2     relation to what case would that have been?

 3        A.   I prepared my first report for Popovic et al trial, that was back

 4     I think in 2008 -- sorry, it was March 2009.

 5        Q.   Okay.  And did you prepare any report in respect of the Tolimir

 6     case?

 7        A.   Yes, I did my update of that Popovic et al trial report, and then

 8     after that, I prepared an update of Tolimir report for Karadzic report,

 9     for Karadzic trial, and now recently in June 2013 I again prepared an

10     update of the Karadzic report.

11        Q.   Okay.  Did you ever prepare a report in relation to the Perisic

12     case?

13        A.   Yes, I did.  That was a short update on specific topic.  I did

14     prepare a report for that case but I have never testified in that case.

15        Q.   Okay.  Now, you indicated the title of your present report as it

16     concerns the Srebrenica investigation and the summary or update to the

17     summary on forensic evidence.  In the preparation of the series of

18     reports or I'll refer to it as a project, as it were, did you receive any

19     kind of assistance in terms of preparing the report or drafting it or

20     revising it, and that is any one of them, either from the beginning, back

21     in 2009, to any iteration of it up to the one that you have prepared for

22     this case?

23        A.   Yes.  As for my recent report I'm now testifying about, I did it

24     on my own from the very beginning up until the end.  Except for the

25     charts which were created -- or actually, let's put it differently, which

Page 15225

 1     were prepared by military analyst but I created them manually but just

 2     they were then drafted in a special software by military analyst.

 3     Before, for other three reports I think -- or for the first two reports

 4     I prepared, I did receive an assistance from my -- our criminal

 5     intelligence -- criminal analyst, sorry, and she created the spreadsheets

 6     for DNA connections so that's what the -- that's the assistance I

 7     received over the years.

 8        Q.   Aside from that assistance would it be fair to say that you

 9     developed, created the report independently?

10        A.   Yes, independently.

11        Q.   And in respect of the report that you prepared for this case, can

12     you tell the Chamber when it was come completed?

13        A.   It was completed on 28th of June, 2013.

14        Q.   Before I bring it up on e-court, I just want to ask you if you

15     could briefly outline for the Chamber what the main purpose or purposes

16     of this particular report is?

17        A.   The purpose of this report is to update the Trial Chamber on

18     latest findings and facts regarding the Srebrenica-related victims, so to

19     update the number how many of those victims have been so far identified,

20     where they were located, in which mass graves, and how many graves.  And

21     then to update the Trial Chamber on the surface remains which were found

22     over the years, to update Trial Chamber with number and with the places

23     where those remains were found, and also to update Trial Chamber on the

24     latest findings regarding the DNA connections between those graves.

25        Q.   Okay.  And we will get into that in just a moment.  But before we

Page 15226

 1     do, can you tell the Chamber what generally the sources of information

 2     were that you relied upon in order to produce your report?

 3        A.   Yes.  The main source I used was DNA, the recent DNA report on

 4     match -- their match reports, matching reports to Srebrenica-related

 5     victims and that one was provided to the OTP in April this year.  So this

 6     was the main source which I was using in my report in order to find the

 7     recent and latest numbers on identified individuals from -- from the

 8     graves or surface remains found in relation to Srebrenica events.  Apart

 9     from that, I've been also using documentation which was provided by the

10     BiH authorities, namely by the BiH state prosecutor and cantonal

11     prosecutors and also BiH Institute on Missing Persons.  So these are, I

12     think, the three main sources which I've been using in order to prepare

13     my recent update.

14             JUDGE MOLOTO:  May I just ask, Mr. Vanderpuye.  Mr. Janc, by whom

15     was the DNA report supplied to the OTP?

16             THE WITNESS:  According to my understanding, as it was the case

17     before, the DNA report was supplied to the OTP by the ICMP, International

18     Commission on Missing Persons, which is based in Sarajevo.

19             JUDGE MOLOTO:  Thank you very much, Mr. Janc.

20             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Your Honour.

21        Q.   In respect of the documents you received from the BiH

22     authorities, did you review any court files, court records, in relation

23     to your assessment and production of the report and the data related --

24     the data related in it?

25        A.   Yes, I did.  Many of them I did review.

Page 15227

 1        Q.   Did you have an opportunity to review any records concerning the

 2     identification of Srebrenica-related victims produced by PHR, Physicians

 3     for Human Rights?

 4        A.   Yes.  Also those documents, I was able to review.

 5        Q.   And are those documents referred to or referenced in your report?

 6        A.   Yes, they are.

 7        Q.   What I'd like to know is, are the sources of most of the

 8     information that you considered and reviewed in preparing your report

 9     identified in the report itself either by ERN number or by title or some

10     other means?

11        A.   Yes, they are.  Most of them are referenced in my report with ERN

12     numbers.

13        Q.   And the documents that are referenced in your report, were they

14     documents that you personally reviewed or are they adopted from, perhaps,

15     Mr. Manning's report or some other source?

16        A.   Most of them I reviewed it myself and some of them were adopted

17     from Dean Manning's report.

18        Q.   Given your experience as an investigator, both here and

19     domestically, do you consider that the information that you used to

20     prepare your report is reliable and accurate?

21        A.   Yes, I can say it's reliable and accurate.

22        Q.   You've indicated that one of the reasons that you undertook to

23     update your previous report was to bring current the number of

24     Srebrenica-identified individuals.  First of all I want to clarify

25     something, if I can, with you.  When you say "identified," can you tell

Page 15228

 1     the Chamber what you mean by that, in terms of your analysis of the DNA

 2     records provided by the ICMP?

 3        A.   Yes.  And the term "identified," I also specified in my report.

 4     It was in footnote number 3, which basically means that identified are

 5     the individuals who have been matched to -- whose DNA profiles have been

 6     matched to the missing persons so it means we have identified individuals

 7     by name and also the individuals who has unique DNA profiles which is the

 8     minority of them, which is only 142.  For the purposes of this report,

 9     I included those 142 unique DNA profiles as well.

10        Q.   You indicated earlier, just a minute ago, rather, that one of the

11     documents that you relied upon that came from the ICMP concerned the DNA

12     match list.  Did you rely on any documentation from the ICMP concerning

13     unique DNA profiles to which no name had yet been matched?

14        A.   Yes, I did.  Upon my request they provided the OTP in June this

15     year the latest unique DNA profile list.

16        Q.   Is that the information that you relied upon in terms of

17     assessing the number of unique individuals as shown by these discrete DNA

18     profiles indicated in the ICMP documentation that you reviewed?

19        A.   Yes.

20        Q.   In terms of the numbers that you were able to assess in preparing

21     your report, is there any reason you can give or provide the Chamber for

22     why there should be changes in the number of identified individuals with

23     respect to, say, established graves over periods of time?

24        A.   Yes.  The identification process is ongoing by the ICMP in

25     Bosnia, and as the time passes, new identifications are done by the ICMP,

Page 15229

 1     as well as new mass graves are still recovered and exhumed over so many

 2     years -- after so many years in Bosnia-Herzegovina which are related to

 3     Srebrenica events.  So accordingly, the number of identified individuals

 4     is growing, is raising over the years, and that's obviously also -- also

 5     the case in my recent report where you can see that the number of

 6     identified individuals raised, if you compare it against my latest

 7     report -- my previous report, sorry.

 8        Q.   Hopefully I'll be able to pull that up in e-court quite shortly,

 9     but in terms of any specific grave, what changes have you observed in

10     relation to the number of individuals that you've been able to identify

11     or -- year over year?  Have they consistently gone up, have they stayed

12     the same in some instances, have they gone down in some instances?

13        A.   Yes.  Both, I would say.  In respect to my report you will find

14     one and the other.  First of all I would like to clarify that some of

15     the -- or most of the primary and secondary graves known to the ICTY have

16     been already exhumed.  Actually, those known at the beginning along

17     Cancari Road, Hodzici Road, Liplje, those have been exhumed completely

18     and most of those individuals have been already identified.  But what

19     happened is that, when I was reviewing the recent ICMP data, I also found

20     instances where the number, numbers would decrease by, for example, one

21     individual.  For example, in my previous report it would be certain

22     number of individuals and now I found there is one individual less

23     identified in that grave.  So I checked what was the reason behind and I

24     found these reasons and we can go over them.

25        Q.   Okay.  Before I actually get to the report and show you those

Page 15230

 1     specific entries, in terms of the updating the grave sites, the

 2     Srebrenica-related grave sites, in this particular report, did you

 3     encounter any new information showing additional grave sites that were

 4     not the subject of your previous report?  And just so that we are clear,

 5     the previous report was the one that was completed when?

 6        A.   Yes, my previous report was completed in January 2012.

 7        Q.   In relation to what case?

 8        A.   In relation to the Karadzic trial.

 9        Q.   Okay.

10        A.   And, yes, in comparing those two reports, we have two new mass

11     graves included in my recent report.  One is Zalazje 2 and the other one

12     is Kaldrmica 2010.  And then we have also -- I've also included I think

13     several for individual graves.

14        Q.   Okay.  And in terms of updating the information contained in your

15     previous report through this one completed in 2013 for this case, were

16     you able to determine or update any artefact evidence that is referred to

17     in your report, specifically blindfolds and ligatures?

18        A.   In my previous report I referred to the artefact and ligatures,

19     the number of those ligatures and blindfolds found in mass graves.

20     Reviewing my report recently, I realised that I haven't updated this

21     number for my report, I mean this case, and so when I'm referring to the

22     number of blindfolds and ligatures, for example, found in Cancari-related

23     graves, this number is not correct because it's higher than what is

24     stated in my report.

25        Q.   Okay.  And in terms of -- I don't want to go into the specifics

Page 15231

 1     of those numbers, but can you tell us roughly how the new numbers relate

 2     to what is reported in your -- what is set out in your report?  Is it

 3     substantially many more blindfolds and ligatures?  Slightly more?  If you

 4     could give the Chamber an idea of what the difference is between the

 5     actual numbers and what is reported in your -- what is set out in your

 6     report?

 7        A.   It is more -- it's difficult to say right now if it is slightly

 8     or significantly more but I can give you the total.  In graves related

 9     to -- mass graves related to Srebrenica event, there were 774 ligatures

10     found and 593 blindfolds found.

11        Q.   And are you able to compare that to what the totals would have

12     been or are, rather, in your 2013 report?

13        A.   Not from -- from the top of my head, it would be difficult.

14     I would need to go through my report.

15        Q.   Okay.

16             JUDGE ORIE:  Is it by the hundreds or is it by the tens of

17     ligatures and blindfolds that have been added but not yet incorporated in

18     your report?

19             THE WITNESS:  Yes, Your Honour, just a second.  I will tell you

20     exactly.  For example, I have written for Cancari Road mass graves, for

21     example, that around 340 ligatures and 60 blindfolds were found in these

22     secondary graves.  And now we have -- we have a total number of -- for

23     ligatures would be 276 plus 313, and for blindfolds would be, in total,

24     113.  So it's a kind of double number.

25             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  So that's a significant number added.  Would

Page 15232

 1     that be only true for the Cancari Road mass graves or would that -- a

 2     similar thing happen in relation to other graves?  I don't need the

 3     details but if you say, "Yes, I remember that in that grave we found

 4     quite a substantial number of ligatures" or --

 5             THE WITNESS:  Yes, I would say yes, but the highest number is for

 6     sure for the Cancari Road-related graves.

 7             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Please proceed, Mr. Vanderpuye.

 8             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

 9        Q.   Now I know also that you mentioned in your report the criteria

10     that you used in order to determine whether a given grave or a given

11     individual is associated with the Srebrenica crimes, but could you just

12     tell us, in a nutshell, how it is you made the determination when you

13     went through the data provided by the ICMP or FCMP or other sources, how

14     you made a determination that either a grave or an individual was

15     associated with the Srebrenica crimes?

16        A.   Yes.  The list which is provided by the ICMP is related to -- to

17     the victims of Srebrenica events.  So they provided us a list which

18     includes only those victims, and for the purposes of my report, then

19     I reviewed, analysed and modified -- not modified but gave in a proper

20     order those data.  Yes.

21        Q.   Okay.  What about in the case of a unique DNA profile, one

22     that -- to which a name cannot be associated?  How would you or how did

23     you attribute that unique DNA profile to the Srebrenica events, if, for

24     example, it hadn't been matched to a name that had been reported missing

25     in relation to those events?

Page 15233

 1        A.   Yes.  Those unique DNA profiles were provided only for the mass

 2     graves, primary and secondary, which we know are related to the fall of

 3     Srebrenica.  For example, in secondary grave on Cancari Road we would

 4     find only individual which were related to the fall of Srebrenica, so it

 5     was reasonable to ask the ICMP if they can provide also the profiles of

 6     human remains or DNA profiles for which have not yet been matched to the

 7     missing persons.  So that's why I was able to determine that individuals

 8     which have not been identified and they are coming from the same

 9     secondary or primary grave as the majority of the individuals or which

10     have been already identified, that they are indeed Srebrenica-related.

11        Q.   The number of unique DNA profiles provided by the ICMP, has that

12     remained consistent throughout the various iterations of your project,

13     the various reports that you've drafted, concerning the number of

14     identified individuals?

15        A.   The number of identified -- of unique DNA profiles drops

16     significantly in relation to my last -- my previous report.  Right now we

17     have only 142 unique profiles.  Before it was I think around 270

18     [Realtime transcript read in error "2700"].  The difference is that those

19     130 have been now identified and we have names for those 130 which were

20     in my previous report still unique DNA profiles.

21        Q.   We have in the record here at page 16, line 17, the reference

22     here that you said around 2700.  Is that correct or did you say around

23     270?

24        A.   Yes, it's a mistake.  I said it was 270.

25        Q.   Thank you for that clarification.  And you said 130 of those have

Page 15234

 1     been identified.  Did those identified, those identified previously

 2     unknown DNA profiles come out of graves that were previously established

 3     to be related to Srebrenica?

 4        A.   Yes, correct.

 5        Q.   All right.  What I'd like to do is just to go over, just very

 6     briefly before I pull up your report, what the structure of it is.  So if

 7     you could just tell us how is it set out, what does it contain and what

 8     is comprised of?  Just very briefly.

 9        A.   Yes, it has four sections.  It's a report itself of six pages

10     long.  Then I have four annexes, annex A, B, C, and confidential annex D.

11        Q.   Annex A, what does that contain?

12        A.   It contains the actual graves, exhumations, when they were done

13     and how many individuals were found in particular graves.  So far

14     identified.

15        Q.   Okay.  What about annex B?

16        A.   Annex B contains conclusions or findings on surface remains.

17        Q.   What about annex C?

18        A.   Annex C includes the DNA connections which I found.

19        Q.   And annex D, you said that it was confidential.  What does that

20     contain?

21        A.   Correct.  Annex D is a confidential part because it includes the

22     list of individuals by names which I found on the ICMP data and because

23     this list is confidential, provided to the OTP under restriction, that's

24     why this annex is confidential.

25        Q.   All right.  I'd like to bring that up just for a moment so we can

Page 15235

 1     take a look at -- so the Chamber can see what it looks like.

 2             MR. VANDERPUYE:  It's 65 ter 30170.  It should not be broadcast,

 3     please.  There we have it.

 4             As you can see it indicates confidential annex D.  If we can go

 5     to page 2 of this exhibit.

 6        Q.   Page 2 of the exhibit indicates graves, mass, smaller and

 7     individual graves.  Does that correspond to your report?

 8        A.   Yes, correct.

 9        Q.   And in respect of these graves, are they organised -- rather, the

10     individuals that are related to these graves, are they organised in this

11     confidential annex?

12        A.   Yes, they are.

13        Q.   Okay.  If we could just go to page 3, I'll start off with this

14     one, which refers to Cerska.  Page 4 will indicate some of the

15     information that you organised.

16             MR. VANDERPUYE:  If we can just go to page 4, please.  Okay.

17        Q.   Without reading the names, can you tell us what we are looking at

18     here?  What information is this, where did it come from and what does it

19     show?

20        A.   So this information is coming from the ICMP list.  It is slightly

21     modified for the purposes of my report.  And these are the number or the

22     names of individuals which were found in Cerska grave.

23        Q.   Now, this continues for several pages.  Off the top of your head,

24     do you know how many individuals were recovered from the Cerska grave?

25        A.   I think it's 149.  Yes, correct, 149.

Page 15236

 1        Q.   Okay.  Let me take you to e-court page -- let's go to e-court

 2     page 18.  This concerns, as we can see, Orahovac 1, Lazete 1.  And if we

 3     can go to the next page, we should see similar data; is that correct,

 4     Mr. Janc?

 5        A.   Yes.

 6        Q.   Have you provided this data for each identified individual

 7     associated with Srebrenica graves that are set out in your report?

 8        A.   Yes, I did, and they are all part of this confidential annex D.

 9        Q.   Okay.  In the interests of time I'll move on, but is there any

10     other information contained in confidential annex D, other than

11     specifically identified individuals from Srebrenica graves?

12        A.   Yes, there is.  You will also find the unique DNA profiles, the

13     individuals which I have taken into consideration from those unique DNA

14     profiles.  Also there are individuals which have been identified prior to

15     the ICMP -- prior to their commencement of the DNA identification process

16     in November 2001.  We have 33 individuals which have been identified

17     before that.  They are also included in this list.  And you will also

18     find individuals which I have used for the purposes or -- of the DNA

19     connections.

20        Q.   Thank you.

21             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Mr. President, I would seek to tender this annex

22     under seal at this time.

23             JUDGE ORIE:  Annex to a report without the report or just a

24     separate --

25             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Yes, the report is coming just next.  It's my

Page 15237

 1     next document.

 2             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, because usually you start with the basis and

 3     then with annexes to that basis.

 4             Mr. Ivetic.

 5             MR. IVETIC:  No objection.

 6             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Registrar?

 7             THE REGISTRAR:  Yes, Your Honour.  65 ter number 30170 will be

 8     Exhibit P1982, under seal.

 9             JUDGE ORIE:  And is admitted under seal.  Please proceed.

10             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

11             If I could please have in e-court 65 ter 30169.

12             Mr. President, I'm not sure if this is a technical problem but I

13     would advise the Court this is a remarkably slow-loading document and I

14     have a hard copies of the report that I could provide the Chamber and the

15     parties.  Maybe that might expedite things.

16             JUDGE ORIE:  It seems that there is an error when looking at the

17     whole of the document.  That's what Mr. Registrar tells me.  And when I'm

18     trying to open the whole of the document, it reads, "An error occurred

19     while loading the image, error code 1004."

20             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Perhaps I can then distribute the hard copies,

21     although I think for the sake of the record, it would still complicate

22     things, but I do have it and perhaps that's the better way to do it.

23     With the Court's leave I could have the usher perhaps retrieve them and

24     distribute them.

25             JUDGE ORIE:  That's for the time being the best solution.  At the

Page 15238

 1     same time, of course, we would like the e-court problem to be resolved.

 2             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Does the Chamber have copies of it?

 3             JUDGE ORIE:  We have received copies.

 4             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Mr. Ivetic, do you have a copy?

 5        Q.   Mr. Janc?

 6        A.   Yes.

 7        Q.   Okay.  Well, then I'm going to refer to page 1 of the document,

 8     ERN X024-0734.  Do you recognise what you have there, Mr. Janc?

 9        A.   Yes, this is my report.

10             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Ms. Stewart reminds me to a record of the

11     e-court page.  The e-court page for this will be page 1 in e-court.

12        Q.   Thank you for your answer, Mr. Janc.

13             MR. VANDERPUYE:  What I'd like to do then is to go to the second

14     page of this document, ERN ending 0735 which would be page 2 in e-court,

15     and I have a couple of questions regarding that.

16        Q.   At paragraph 1 it's clear you set out what the purpose of your

17     update is, consistent with your testimony today.  And you refer to a

18     number of documents that your report is intended to update including

19     Dean Manning's 27 November 2007 report; is that correct?

20        A.   Yes, correct.

21        Q.   Okay.  And at paragraph number 2, beneath the heading,

22     "Srebrenica victims identified via DNA and other mass graves," you

23     provide certain numbers, not ERN numbers but figures, for the number of

24     identified individuals, and here you indicate that your examination at --

25     this is the third line in that second paragraph, indicates that at least

Page 15239

 1     6023 individuals recorded as missing have been identified.

 2        A.   Yes, through DNA.

 3        Q.   And you have footnoted there under footnote -- I think it's

 4     number 3, what you mean by identified?

 5        A.   Yes, correct.

 6        Q.   Okay.  And that includes these unique DNA profiles; is that

 7     right?

 8        A.   Yes, those 142.

 9        Q.   Okay.  In addition, at paragraph 3, you mention the

10     33 individuals relative to the examinations by PHR and as reported by

11     ICRC; is that right?

12        A.   Yes, correct.

13             MR. VANDERPUYE:  If we go to the next page of the document, ERN

14     ending 0736, and that's going to be --

15             JUDGE MOLOTO:  May I just make an interjection.  At paragraph --

16     that second paragraph that deals with the number 33, I -- do we need to

17     correct it to say Committee for the Red Cross instead of the Right Cross?

18             MR. VANDERPUYE:  I think you're right about that, Your Honour.

19     That is a clear mistake.

20             JUDGE MOLOTO:  Thank you very much.

21             MR. VANDERPUYE:

22        Q.   If we go to the next page, ERN ending 0736 should be page 3 in

23     e-court, we can see a -- first of all, a reference to your confidential

24     annex D, which has now been admitted, right at the top of the page and

25     then we can see a table.

Page 15240

 1        A.   Yes.

 2        Q.   And what I'd like to do is to just go very briefly through that

 3     table and have you explain what it shows specifically.

 4             MR. VANDERPUYE:  So Ms. Stewart advises me that she can show the

 5     PDF version -- ERN of the PDF version of the report in Sanction if that

 6     might be easier for the Chamber to follow or easier for the Defence to

 7     follow.

 8             JUDGE ORIE:  We have hard copies now so therefore there is no

 9     need to have an additional copy before us.

10             MR. VANDERPUYE:  All right.

11        Q.   Mr. Janc, first of all, we can see here a number of graves that

12     actually continues on to page should be 5 in e-court --

13             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Vanderpuye, I've forgotten that it could be

14     useful for the public because this is not confidential, so therefore if

15     it could be shown, that would be preferable.

16             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

17             JUDGE ORIE:  We have it already.

18             MR. VANDERPUYE:  We do, okay.

19        Q.   I was saying that this table continues on to ERN page 0738, which

20     should be page 5 correspondingly in e-court, so what I'd like you to do

21     is just describe for us what we have here.  It says "mass and other

22     graves."  You have some in that page bolded and some that aren't.  Could

23     you just explain that for the Chamber?  There is a footnote to that

24     effect but I think it's important to have that as a matter of record.

25        A.   Yes, correct.  This is the first count when I put the name the

Page 15241

 1     mass graves which were exhumed and those bolded ones were exhumed by the

 2     ICTY and those which are not were exhumed by the BiH authorities.

 3        Q.   Why was it that the case that some were exhumed by the ICTY and

 4     others exhumed by the BiH authorities, first; and second, when did the

 5     transfer, if there was one, occur?

 6        A.   Yes, exactly.  The authority to exhume, to further process with

 7     the exhumation activities was transferred to the BiH authorities by the

 8     ICTY sometimes in 2000, 2001.  Before that, the ICTY exhumed all the

 9     primary graves and some of the secondary graves.

10        Q.   I'd like to draw your attention to the entry for Orahovac 2,

11     Lazete 2 in parentheses.  First of all, why do we have entries here in

12     parentheses under the names or associated with these -- with the various

13     mass graves in some instances and in some instances not?

14        A.   Yes.  For example, for Orahovac 1, Lazete 1, I'm not quite

15     certain anymore, but as you can see, the site code, which is assigned to

16     the mass grave before the exhumation is started, every exhumation site is

17     assigned a site code and in this case, it was Lazete 01, and I assume

18     because in this case, we have an exhumation site in Lazete area whereas

19     the prisoners were kept in Orahovac school.  Later on, we can see for

20     Cancari Road we also have some names in brackets, for example, for

21     Cancari Road 4, we have Kamenica 4.  And in this case it's because the

22     Cancari Road 4 was given a name, a site name by the ICMP -- by the ICTY,

23     and when exhumed, it was renamed by the BiH authority to Kamenica 4.

24             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Vanderpuye, I'm looking at the clock.  I think

25     we started at ten minutes past so would it be a suitable time for a

Page 15242

 1     break?

 2             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

 3             JUDGE ORIE:  Then could the witness first be escorted out of the

 4     courtroom.  We take a break of 20 minutes, Mr. Janc.

 5             THE WITNESS:  Thank you.

 6                           [The witness stands down]

 7             JUDGE ORIE:  We will resume at 11.30.

 8                           --- Recess taken at 11.11 a.m.

 9                          --- On resuming at 11.32 a.m.

10             JUDGE ORIE:  Could the witness be escorted into the courtroom.

11             Meanwhile, I use the opportunity, first of all, to inform the

12     parties that there will be no court hearings in the week of the

13     7th of October, 2013, and that we will not sit on the 14th of October.

14     That was already explored with the parties earlier.

15                          [The witness takes the stand]

16             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, Mr. Vanderpuye, you may proceed.

17             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Mr. President.  I'm on my

18     feet just to also inform the Chamber that having looked at the material,

19     I think I'll need about an hour over my initial estimate to complete

20     Mr. Janc's evidence.

21             JUDGE ORIE:  Which would mean that you need another one hour and

22     a half.

23             MR. VANDERPUYE:  About.  Thank you, Mr. President.

24             JUDGE ORIE:  Please proceed.

25             MR. VANDERPUYE:

Page 15243

 1        Q.   All right.  You were just referring to, I think, a Cancari Road

 2     grave which is at the bottom of the screen, if we could go down the page

 3     a little bit we might be able to see a bit more clearly what you were

 4     referring to, and in these entries we can see a number of parenthetical

 5     grave names and site codes.  You indicated that that was the result of

 6     the site code.  Who was responsible for establishing site codes relative

 7     to these exhumations?

 8        A.   It is the exhumation team on the ground.

 9        Q.   And where we have a difference, for example, Cancari Road 4

10     renamed or named Kamenica 4, and we can see the site -- corresponding

11     site code of CR04 and then in parentheticals, KAM04ZVO, who was

12     responsible for that?  Would that be the ICMP -- the ICMP, the BiH

13     authorities, the ICTY --

14             JUDGE ORIE:  Before we continue, could I inquire whether there is

15     any dispute about these names referring to the same site, so

16     Cancari Road 4 being the same as Kamenica 4.

17             MR. IVETIC:  I believe we've had evidence of that so there is no

18     dispute as far as I know.

19             JUDGE ORIE:  So why ask who and why and -- I mean, apparently two

20     systems did exist.

21             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Yes, I just thought it would be important to

22     explain it since it's not explained in the document itself.  But I

23     understand the Chamber has a good understanding of it so I'll move on

24     from that, Mr. President.

25        Q.   What I'd like to do, Mr. Janc --

Page 15244

 1             MR. VANDERPUYE:  And let me just inquire, so that I maybe can

 2     even go faster, whether or not the Defence disputes any of the

 3     information relative to the name of the site, the site code or the

 4     exhumation date as indicated in the report.  And If we don't have any

 5     dispute there, I'll just go straight to the numbers.

 6             MR. IVETIC:  There is no dispute as to that information.

 7             JUDGE ORIE:  Thank you for this cooperative attitude.  Please

 8     proceed, Mr. Vanderpuye.

 9             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Mr. President.

10        Q.   Mr. Janc, I initially had directed your attention to Orahovac 2,

11     Lazete 2, if we could go up the screen just for a second, and we'll see

12     it as the -- looks like the fifth entry from the top.  What I want to

13     refer you to particularly is the number of individuals that are

14     identified here as you've indicated in January 2012 and April 2013.

15     You'll see here that in January 2012, 189 individuals you've indicated

16     were identified, and a year later, in April 2013, we have 188.  Can you

17     explain that?  Very briefly.

18        A.   Yes.  I looked up into this issue and I found that in

19     January 2012, I counted a unique DNA profile which was provided to us by

20     the ICMP, and then in April 2013, or with the latest data provided by the

21     ICMP, I didn't find that case, that individual being still the main case,

22     on their list.  So what I found is that -- but we haven't been talking

23     about this main and reassociation as yet so I will try to explain as

24     briefly as possible.  What happened is, in the meantime, there was a new

25     case identified -- or, actually, individual was identified in Cancari

Page 15245

 1     Road 6 grave and that was attributed as a main case.  So what happened

 2     there is that the case which I counted before as being -- as main case in

 3     Lazete 2, as unique DNA profile, that case became reassociation to the

 4     main case in Cancari 6.  So if you go down you will see you have increase

 5     in number for Cancari Road 6, so because we have now few cases, including

 6     this one, more in Cancari Road 6.  Why that happened, I don't -- it's

 7     difficult to explain to me because it was change done by the ICMP.  So

 8     one before it was a unique as a main case, and now it's a reassociation

 9     to a main case.

10        Q.   All right.  And in fact we can see Cancari Road 6 reflects a

11     change from 2012 to 2013 of 183 to 185 identified cases; is that correct,

12     sir?

13        A.   Yes, that's correct.  So and I have to explain that in 2012,

14     I haven't included that same individual into the Cancari Road 6 counting

15     because it wasn't there.

16        Q.   All right.

17             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Let's go to the next page, please, it's

18     ERN ending 0737, which should be page 4 in e-court.  All right.

19        Q.   And here what we have, I would just direct your attention to

20     Cancari Road 12 where we can see also a decline in the number of

21     identified individuals, and Liplje 2.  Cancari Road 12 is the second

22     line, second entry, and Liplje 2 is about a third of the way down, also

23     in bold.  Is the explanation for the decline in the number of identified

24     individuals relative to those two graves between 2012 and 2013

25     attributable to similar circumstances that you've just addressed with

Page 15246

 1     respect to Orahovac or Lazete 2?

 2        A.   Yes, first of all, I would like to correct myself explaining

 3     before the reason for Lazete 2 but that was actually what was explaining

 4     was the reason for Cancari 12, that's what happened there.  For Lazete 2

 5     we have a different problem.  That was my mistake.  For Lazete 2 I

 6     counted one DNA unique profile twice in my previous report, so

 7     I excluded that individual now so that's why we have a drop of one

 8     individual.  Then the biggest drop we have for Liplje 2.  So it's for --

 9     for two of those cases it's more or less the same issue because the main

10     case which two other grave site, and in one case, there was a typo

11     mistake by the ICMP.  Instead of Liplje 2 it should be Liplje 4.  So we

12     will see, for example, for Liplje 4, you have increase in number.

13        Q.   And that -- so the record just reflects it, that reflects a

14     change from 289 identified individuals to 292; is that correct?

15        A.   Yes, correct.

16        Q.   All right.  Let's go to the next page, which summarises your

17     findings.  And that's ERN ending 0738.  Let me see if I have my count

18     right.  That should be page 5 in e-court for the record.  What I'd like

19     to do is to take you down - yeah, we have it - to your totals.  Here you

20     have a category for graves, surface remains, others, and then identified

21     individuals.  And this is year over year from 2012 to 2013.  So with

22     respect to the number of identified individuals from Srebrenica-related

23     graves, what is the total?

24        A.   Yes, you can see the figure here it's 6056.

25        Q.   And previously, as you indicated, does this include unique DNA

Page 15247

 1     profiles of individuals that have not been yet associated with a name?

 2        A.   Yes.

 3        Q.   And is that by virtue of the fact that those DNA profiles came

 4     from Srebrenica-related graves or from -- or based on some other reason?

 5        A.   Yes, it's based on that they are coming from the

 6     Srebrenica-related graves.

 7        Q.   The category for surface remains indicates a total number of

 8     individuals identified of 756.  First, can you explain to the Chamber

 9     what you mean when you say "surface remains" and specifically what

10     surface remains are included in the total that you have here?

11        A.   I've included in my report a special section under annex B where

12     I am talking about the surface remains.  These are human body -- body

13     parts or the entire bodies which were found on the ground, not buried,

14     over the years and collected by the BiH authorities, and when identified,

15     when the identification process was done it was revealed that they were

16     also Srebrenica victims.

17        Q.   So these are named -- or, rather, DNA profiles recovered from the

18     surface or from shallow graves that have been DNA-matched to named

19     individuals by the ICMP; is that right?

20        A.   Yes, correct.

21        Q.   Have you identified or, rather, associated any unique DNA

22     profiles of individuals who have not been matched to a name by the ICMP,

23     uniques, so to speak, have you counted them among any of the surface

24     remains that you've indicated here?  Any of the 756 surface remains, do

25     those include unique DNA profiles without names?

Page 15248

 1        A.   No, it doesn't because it would be very difficult to determine

 2     that these are indeed Srebrenica-related victims because in the area

 3     where the surface remains were collected, there were also instances that

 4     individuals from other events have been found and identified so --

 5     because here we have a different story that it is with mass graves where

 6     you can say because the majority or all individuals which were identified

 7     from certain mass graves were indeed Srebrenica victims, with surface

 8     remains it's not the case, so that's why we cannot use unique DNA

 9     profiles for this specific purpose.

10             JUDGE FLUEGGE:  Mr. Vanderpuye, may I ask a question at this

11     point in time?

12             Mr. Janc, please help me with the following.  On page 29,

13     lines 19 and 20, you said, I quote, "When the identification process was

14     done, it was revealed that they were also Srebrenica victims."

15             Can you elaborate a little bit further?  How were you able to

16     make this -- to reach that conclusion?

17             THE WITNESS:  Yes, Your Honour, these are individuals which are

18     found on the ICRC missing list of individuals after -- of individuals

19     related to the fall of Srebrenica and also you find them as such on the

20     ICMP list.

21             JUDGE FLUEGGE:  Have you any information that they were not

22     combatants, were not killed during combat?

23             THE WITNESS:  You know, what I am providing here in my report is

24     in relation to surface remains, these are individuals which were found on

25     the ground.  The cause of their death might be -- may vary.  So some of

Page 15249

 1     them certainly died in combat.  Some of them were executed, we have

 2     evidence on that.  Some of them simply committed suicide, we have

 3     witnesses talking about that, so the cause of their death is, of course,

 4     different.

 5             JUDGE FLUEGGE:  Thank you very much for that clarification.

 6             THE WITNESS:  Thank you.

 7             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Your Honour.

 8        Q.   Related to that topic, Mr. Janc, let me ask you about the next

 9     line in your report which concerns others.  You've indicated here

10     "others, Srebrenica-related, Kozluk surface" --

11             JUDGE MOLOTO:  "Serbia-related" it's written.

12             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Your Honour, indeed.

13        Q.   Kozluk surface and Godinjske Bare.  And that refers to year over

14     year, you've come up with 37 identified individuals for 2012 and 2013.

15     What I want to ask you about specifically is your inclusion of Kozluk

16     surface and Godinjske Bare in this category of "others" as distinguished

17     from surface remains which you've indicated in the line just above.

18             JUDGE MOLOTO:  Before we answer that, Mr. Vanderpuye, is it

19     indeed Serbia or is it Srebrenica?  Should it be Srebrenica?

20             MR. VANDERPUYE:  You are correct, it is Serbia.

21             JUDGE MOLOTO:  It is Serbia.

22             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Yes.

23             JUDGE MOLOTO:  And that Serbia is not an incorrect thing?  Okay.

24     Thank you very much.

25             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you.

Page 15250

 1        Q.   Mr. Janc, can you explain to the Chamber why it is that you

 2     included Kozluk surface remains in this special category of "others"

 3     rather than the "surface remains" category that's indicated above where

 4     you found 756 individuals?

 5        A.   Yes, I separated them because it's -- the way they are found and

 6     the place they are found does not coincide with surface remains which

 7     I included into -- under the section -- under the annex B.  When we will

 8     go over that you will understand what I'm talking about because I'm

 9     referring to specific areas where those surface remains were found.  But

10     in case of Kozluk surface, they were actually found adjacent to the mass

11     execution site on the arena - on the Drina River embankment and actually

12     when they were found, they were on surface but it's not really known

13     why -- whether or not when they were placed there, these bodies, whether

14     or not they were covered with soil and then over the time Drina River

15     surfaced them.  So that's why, because they are very close to the

16     execution site and they may be related to that particular execution,

17     that's why I placed them separately and I haven't counted them along with

18     other surface remains.

19        Q.   What about the Godinjske Bare?

20        A.   Yes, the Godinjske Bare victims are related to the special

21     incident execution which the Prosecution has the video about, so those

22     six victims are related to that specific event.  And it's -- because it's

23     far away, actually, it's from Srebrenica, that's why I placed them in

24     section "others," and they are also found on surface.  Actually they were

25     never buried, these bodies.

Page 15251

 1        Q.   Okay.  And thank you.  I was just about to ask you that.  So we

 2     have here a total that you've indicated, year on year, from 2012, 6716

 3     individuals identified --

 4             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Mladic, please remain seated if you consult with

 5     counsel.  A brief consultation is okay.  Could you please remain seated.

 6             Please proceed, Mr. Vanderpuye.

 7             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Mr. President.

 8        Q.   Okay.  I was just asking you about the totals that you have here,

 9     6716 for 2012 versus 6849 for 2013.  Is that right?

10        A.   Yes, correct.

11        Q.   That represents all the identified individuals related to

12     Srebrenica according to your analysis of the information provided to you

13     by the various authorities, the ICMP, the FCMP, the Bosnian Missing

14     Persons Institute and having reviewed exhumation records --

15             JUDGE ORIE:  There seems to be a technical problem, as far as the

16     audio is concerned.

17             Mr. Mladic, can you now hear us again?  Oh, is the -- one second,

18     if you want to speak you should switch on your microphone.  There seems

19     to be something with your screen?  Is that --

20             THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] The screen has a problem with me

21     and I have a problem with the screen.

22             JUDGE ORIE:  We'll try to get you together again.  If the usher

23     is able to fix it, then it's fine.  Otherwise a technician should assist.

24             The problem being fixed apparently, we can continue.  Please

25     proceed.

Page 15252

 1             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

 2        Q.   Let me see if I can find my question.  Yes.  I was asking you

 3     about the totals that you indicate in your report here at page 5 in

 4     e-court, ERN ending 0738.  The total that I see is 6849, 6849

 5     DNA-identified individuals; is that correct, Mr. Janc?

 6        A.   Yes.  Identified individuals and it includes all those three

 7     groups - graves in total, surface remains in total, and others in total.

 8        Q.   Okay.  Now, you indicated that for Godinjske Bare in particular

 9     there was a video that the Prosecution had, no doubt one that you were

10     aware of, considering your role as an investigator with the OTP.  Can you

11     tell us what that video concerns?

12        A.   Yes.  It concerns the killing, execution of six Muslim men,

13     victims of Srebrenica, and the execution is done by the Skorpions Unit

14     from Serbia.

15        Q.   Do you know approximately when that happened and what its

16     relationship is to Srebrenica?  Other than the apparent DNA

17     identification of the victims.  In other words, is there other

18     information corroborating the DNA identification that you encountered?

19        A.   It happened after the fall of Srebrenica.  I'm not sure anymore

20     about the exact date but roughly around 20 of July, if I'm not mistaken.

21     That's when the execution happened in the area of Godinjske Bare, and we

22     know that the victims were identified by their relatives, as well not

23     only DNA identification, helped identify them.

24        Q.   Okay.

25             MR. VANDERPUYE:  I'd like to go to the next page, if I could,

Page 15253

 1     that's ERN ending 0739, and it will be page 6 in e-court for future

 2     reference.

 3        Q.   And just ask you a couple of questions about your methodology as

 4     you have here indicated.  Okay.

 5             In terms of the analysis that you conducted of the DNA data that

 6     was provided to you by the ICMP, can you tell us specifically, describe

 7     specifically what you did with it in order to arrive at the numbers that

 8     are indicated on the previous page concerning identified individuals?

 9        A.   Yes.  There was many steps to be taken with this spreadsheet

10     which has more than 16.000 entries and I had to consider each entry in

11     order to come to a conclusion how many individuals have been identified

12     so far, so in order to do that I had to organise, reorganise them, review

13     them properly and then to collate them in a proper order.  So -- and the

14     end product, for example, is one of the spreadsheets which we have been

15     just previously looking at for Cerska graves.

16        Q.   Yes.  All right.  And that was contained in confidential annex D;

17     is that right?

18        A.   Correct.  And I have to say that there were two different

19     methodologies used.  For example, for counting individuals to find how

20     many of them have been so far identified or in particular grave site,

21     that was different than when I was doing analysis on the DNA connections

22     between the sites.

23        Q.   [Microphone not activated] Okay.  Let me ask you -- let me

24     first --

25             JUDGE FLUEGGE:  Microphone.

Page 15254

 1             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you.  Thank you.

 2        Q.   Let me first direct you to confidential annex A.  We'll see that

 3     at ERN ending 074, should be page 7 for everyone's benefit, and then the

 4     next page, page 8, ending 0741, is where we actually see some of the

 5     substance there.  First of all, you've already given us a basic synopsis

 6     of what this confidential annex contains.  And this first entry we can

 7     see concerns Cerska and you make a number of representations concerning

 8     this particular grave, including specific references to materials that

 9     you analysed by ERN number.  Is this typical of the entries that you --

10     or, rather, the contents of the report in this particular annex?

11        A.   Just a small correction first.  Annex A is not a confidential

12     annex.  It's without any restriction.  But to answer your question, yes.

13     This is a kind of an example how it looks like throughout the report.

14     For example, we have details about when and where this -- when the grave

15     site was exhumed, where it was located, and then how many individuals

16     have been identified so far.

17        Q.   All right.  Just let me put on the record very quickly, just for

18     the Chamber's benefit and -- you have entries concerning mass grave

19     sites, which as we've just seen is on page 2.  There are entries relating

20     to smaller graves at page 28; is that correct?

21        A.   Yes, correct.  Those are graves which include up to ten

22     individuals found in a grave.

23        Q.   There are also entries for individual graves which begin at

24     page 31?

25        A.   Correct.

Page 15255

 1        Q.   And there are entries for others, as you've just described

 2     previously, which begin at page 32?

 3        A.   Yes.

 4             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Vanderpuye, you were referring to the hard copy

 5     page numbers of annex A and not to e-court numbers.

 6             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Yes.  I'm just about to do that if --

 7             JUDGE ORIE:  Well, if you, I think -- I think there are 7 pages

 8     preceding annex A so I take it that in e-court you just deduce 7 from the

 9     numbers you mentioned.

10             MR. VANDERPUYE:  It's a bit tricky.

11             JUDGE ORIE:  You add -- as a matter of fact you add 7 to it and

12     then you are at e-court pages, I take it.  Let's not spend too much time

13     on it.  It's -- the texts speak for themselves and what you asked is so

14     clear that --

15             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Mr. President.  What I'd

16     like to do then is I'd like to jump ahead.  It should be page 33 and 34

17     of this annex which should correspond to page 39 and page 40 of the -- in

18     e-court.  So if we go first to page 39 -- page 33.

19             JUDGE ORIE:  When I earlier said that you should add 7, of course

20     you should add 6 instead because it starts at 7 for annex A.  Please

21     proceed.

22             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thanks very much, Mr. President.

23        Q.   Page 33 -- at page 33 you have an indication that says:

24     "Breakdown of identified individuals per mass execution site."  And what

25     I'd like to do then is to go to the next page, which would be page 40 in

Page 15256

 1     e-court, page 34 on the document.

 2        A.   Yes.

 3        Q.   Do you have that in front of you?

 4        A.   Yes.

 5        Q.   What we have here is a table?

 6        A.   Correct.

 7        Q.   And just tell us what this table is intended to reflect.  We have

 8     execution site, you can see in the first column, primary, secondary mass

 9     grave in the second, and the number of identified individuals.

10        A.   Yes.  The evidence show which secondary graves are related to the

11     primary graves and we also have evidence on execution site for -- related

12     to those primary graves.  And what I wanted to do here, you know, to

13     present to the Trial Chamber and to give an overview of how many

14     individuals have been found in different graves, it's actually just an

15     extract from previous pages, to give an overall number of individuals

16     which were found in those graves and related secondary graves and

17     corresponding execution sites.

18        Q.   All right.  I just want to explore two issues with you with

19     respect to this table.  We will need to go to the next page, which will

20     be page 35 in the hard copy, page 41 in e-court, and go to the bottom of

21     the page so we can look at your totals here.  You've indicated here all

22     sites totals, 5.624 individuals identified across these graves, which of

23     course is different from the total that you have at the beginning of your

24     report, should be page 5 of your report in both e-court and in the hard

25     copy, indicating a number of 6.056 for Srebrenica-related graves.  So the

Page 15257

 1     first issue is why is there a difference between what's shown here and

 2     what's shown in your report at page 5 with respect to identified

 3     individuals from Srebrenica graves?

 4        A.   Yes, what I included here are only the graves which were

 5     disturbed, primary graves which were disturbed and related secondary

 6     graves.  The graves which were not disturbed, for example, Cerska or

 7     Ravnice -- and actually Ravnice is included because it relates to

 8     Kravica, but, for example, Cerska hasn't been disturbed grave, it's not

 9     included here.

10        Q.   Thank you for that explanation.  If I can just go back now to

11     page 34 very quickly, I want to ask you a couple of questions.  Here, as

12     among the graves connected -- or, rather, that it's a secondary grave

13     connected with Glogova 1 and 2 and Ravnice -- or, rather, Glogova at

14     least 1 and 2, you have just about midway through there a grave called

15     Bljeceva 1 where you've indicated there have been 47 Srebrenica-related

16     identified individuals that were recovered.

17        A.   Yes.

18        Q.   All right.  So with respect to that particular grave, are you

19     aware that that particular grave has also been associated with the

20     deposition of remains of individuals killed in 1992?

21        A.   Yes.  I'm very well aware of that fact.  It's actually a mixed

22     grave.

23        Q.   And with respect to that mixed grave, how is it that you

24     determined that 47 individuals, the remains of 47 individuals recovered

25     from that grave were in fact Srebrenica related rather than related to

Page 15258

 1     the events of 1992?

 2        A.   Those 47 individuals appear on the Srebrenica-related missing

 3     list and that's why I have included them into this counting.

 4        Q.   When you say the "Srebrenica-related missing list," to what

 5     document are you referring, or documents?

 6        A.   It's the ICRC missing list and also the ICMP list of DNA

 7     identifications.

 8        Q.   Did you have an opportunity to review any documentation from the

 9     ICMP concerning the exhumation of Bljeceva 1?

10        A.   Yes, I did, their summary report on that exhumation.

11        Q.   I'd like to show you 65 ter 25519 and maybe we can go very

12     quickly through that.  All right.  I think we have it now.  Do you

13     recognise what we have in e-court, Mr. Janc?

14        A.   Yes, that's the report on Bljeceva 1.

15        Q.   This is the report that you reviewed in relation to determining

16     the number of identified individuals contained in your report?

17        A.   Yes.

18             MR. VANDERPUYE:  I'd like to go to page 2 and it should be page 2

19     in both the English and B/C/S.

20        Q.   And we can see under letter A, an indication as to the alleged

21     site origin and it refers to Glogova and Redzici.  Are you familiar with

22     those particular sites?

23        A.   Yes.  With Glogova more than with Redzici but I know both sites.

24        Q.   Where is Redzici, if you know, relative to Glogova or relative to

25     any other city or municipality the Chamber might be otherwise familiar

Page 15259

 1     with?

 2        A.   I think Redzici is close to Bratunac, closer than Glogova.

 3        Q.   You can see right at the end of this section A, it indicates

 4     seven deposits within the grave possibly from two mass graves.

 5        A.   Yes.

 6        Q.   Okay.  And in reviewing this report, did you note entries in it

 7     concerning the Bosnian authorities' representation as to the origin of

 8     the remains contained within Bljeceva 1?

 9        A.   Yes, there are such indications, yeah.

10        Q.   And do those entries, to your knowledge, suggest that there were

11     deposits both from Glogova and from Redzici?

12        A.   Yes.

13        Q.   To your knowledge, do those entries relate to the deposition of

14     those remains from both 1992 and from 1995?

15        A.   Yes, correct.  Not only that, it's also my understanding that

16     they were both -- both exhumed -- re-exhumed about the same time and

17     filled, filled up in this Bljeceva 1 grave.

18             MR. VANDERPUYE:  What I'd like to do is go to page 4 in the

19     English -- bear with me for just a moment.  Yes, it's page 4 and then we

20     will have to go to page 5.  And then it will be page 10 and 11 in B/C/S.

21     In particular, I draw your attention to paragraphs 10 and 11 of this

22     document.  At the bottom of page 4, you'll see that there is a recitation

23     about the information that was provided to the ICMP by the Federal

24     Commission of Missing Persons.  And if we go to page 5 in the English, at

25     this point, you'll see that it makes a reference to victims allegedly

Page 15260

 1     killed in 1992 --

 2             JUDGE FLUEGGE:  We are not on the right page in B/C/S, yet.

 3             MR. VANDERPUYE:  We are not indeed.  The B/C/S page I think I

 4     said was page 10 and 11.  B/C/S page 10 and 11, English pages 4 and 5.

 5             JUDGE ORIE:  What we see now is far further down in the document

 6     so -- in paragraphs we are -- it's paragraph 27.  Whereas we are supposed

 7     to look at 10 and 11 paragraph.

 8             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Bear with me, I'm sorry, Mr. President.

 9             JUDGE ORIE:  I think the English page is right.

10             MR. VANDERPUYE:  It's just the B/C/S page.  Bear with me one

11     moment, I'm sorry.  We're going to go to page 5 in the B/C/S.  My

12     mistake, 5 and 6 in the B/C/S, paragraphs 10 and 11 respectively.

13             JUDGE ORIE:  There we are.

14             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Your Honours.

15        Q.   At paragraph 11, there is an indication that --

16             JUDGE FLUEGGE:  Next page in B/C/S.

17             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you.

18        Q.   There is an indication that into the recovery, some three weeks

19     into the recovery, there was a change observed by ICMP field staff who

20     were then informed by Bosnian authorities that the deposits in the grave,

21     the lower deposits in the grave, I should say, originated from Glogova

22     and that the upper deposits remained to a primary mass grave in Redzici,

23     Bratunac.  Is that consistent with your -- first of all your recollection

24     of this particular document and other information that you reviewed as to

25     the origins of the deposits that were made in the Bljeceva 1 secondary

Page 15261

 1     mass grave?

 2        A.   Yes, it did.

 3             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Mr. President, I'd like to tender this document

 4     if I could.

 5             MR. IVETIC:  No objection.

 6             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Registrar?

 7             THE REGISTRAR:  65 ter number 25519 will be Exhibit P1983,

 8     Your Honours.

 9             JUDGE ORIE:  P1983 is admitted into evidence.

10             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

11             JUDGE MOLOTO:  If I may ask a question, Mr. Vanderpuye, before we

12     go further.  This relates to the report of the witness and annex A, the

13     totals that you asked about the difference between 6849 -- or 6056 and

14     5624.

15             Mr. Janc, you explained the difference by saying that Cerska is

16     not included in annex A.  Do you imply thereby that Cerska is included in

17     the report?  And if so, could you help me find it in the report.

18             THE WITNESS:  Your Honour, just a second.  When I was talking --

19     when we were talking about the breakdown table, that's where I was

20     testifying that I haven't included those graves in those breakdown table,

21     that I only included the primary graves which were disturbed.

22             JUDGE MOLOTO:  May I interrupt you?  My colleague Judge Orie has

23     helped me find Cerska.  Thank you so much.

24             THE WITNESS:  Thank you, Your Honour.

25             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Your Honour.

Page 15262

 1        Q.   Mr. Janc, actually following up on His Honour Judge Moloto's

 2     question and your response, is that the same reason why the Bisina grave,

 3     which is referred to at page 26 of your annex A, is not included in the

 4     table that you've just referred to?

 5        A.   Yes, correct.

 6        Q.   And in relation to the Bisina grave or graves, did you review

 7     forensic reports or records concerning its exhumation?

 8        A.   Yes, I did.

 9        Q.   What I'd like to show you, just in the interests of time, is

10     65 ter 18710.

11             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you.  I think we've got it now.  It is

12     rather faint in the B/C/S, but it's there.

13        Q.   Do you recognise this document?

14        A.   Yes, I do.  It's a photo documentation.

15        Q.   And it refers to, in particular, a grave site marked BIS01SEK?

16        A.   Yes, that grave site, site code was designated to Bisina.

17        Q.   And to what does it correspond?  Where is the Bisina grave to

18     your recollection, if you can recall?

19        A.   Bisina grave or Bisina area is above Sekovici, a few kilometres

20     uphill.

21        Q.   Did you review this particular document in -- well, in preparing

22     your report?

23        A.   Yes, I did.

24        Q.   And to your knowledge, does it -- is it consistent, that is, the

25     number of bodies indicated here, is that consistent with the information

Page 15263

 1     you came across in the ICMP data which you reviewed concerning this

 2     particular grave site?

 3        A.   Yes, it is.  You will see from the record itself that they found

 4     39 bodies, and that's exactly how many bodies have been so far identified

 5     by the ICMP.

 6        Q.   Okay.  Thank you.

 7             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Mr. President, I'd like to tender this document

 8     as well.

 9             MR. IVETIC:  No objection.

10             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Registrar?

11             THE REGISTRAR:  65 ter number 18710 will be Exhibit P1984,

12     Your Honours.

13             JUDGE ORIE:  P1984 is admitted into evidence.

14             MR. VANDERPUYE:

15        Q.   Okay, Mr. Janc, I want to ask you about another grave, a smaller

16     grave, as you've indicated.  And there are two.  One is at, let's see, I

17     have it as page 34 and 35 in your report.

18             MR. VANDERPUYE:  So let's get that back up, that's 65 ter 30169.

19     And it's page, let's see, 27 on the hard copy and it should correspond to

20     page 33 in e-court.

21        Q.   Just so you know what I'm referring to in particular is the

22     Sandici grave.  You've indicated it as a primary mass grave.

23        A.   Yes.

24        Q.   Okay.  And with respect to that grave, did you similarly have the

25     opportunity to review information as concerns its exhumation?

Page 15264

 1        A.   Yes.

 2        Q.   What I'd like to show you is 65 ter 18723, please.

 3             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Registrar informs me that we get similar error

 4     messages, although I do not, Mr. Registrar, so perhaps try it again?

 5     But perhaps for English because I see in e-court that for the -- let me

 6     have a look.  It seems to be that -- at least I do not find an English

 7     version into e-court, which reminds me of something that was observed --

 8                           [Trial chamber and Legal Officer confer]

 9             JUDGE ORIE:  There is another suggestion.  I think you asked for

10     187810, is that -- and should we look at 18710?  Is that P1984?

11             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Mr. President, I don't believe so.  I think I --

12     no, 18710 was the one I just offered into evidence.

13             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, okay.  And now we are at 18723?

14             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Yes, that what I've -- or maybe I've --

15             JUDGE ORIE:  Let me see whether we have -- that is materials

16     concerning exhumation related to the fall of Srebrenica in July 1995, and

17     it seems to -- I don't see anything in e-court, as a matter of fact,

18     which could be shown to either ourselves or -- that is what I find.

19             MR. VANDERPUYE:  All right.  We have some technical problems so

20     I'll just move on.  I think it would be better.

21             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, please do so.

22             MR. VANDERPUYE:

23        Q.   Let me just confirm with you, Mr. Janc, just so that the record

24     is clear, did you have an opportunity to review the exhumation record of

25     the cantonal court in Tuzla relating to the exhumation of the Sandici

Page 15265

 1     grave?

 2        A.   Yes, I did.

 3        Q.   Okay.  And did it confirm your understanding of the number of

 4     bodies recovered, the location of the bodies that were recovered, and is

 5     it consistent with your understanding of the investigation as concerns

 6     the Srebrenica events?

 7        A.   Yes, 17 bodies were recovered from that mass grave.

 8        Q.   Okay.  And just so the record is clear, at page 27 in your report

 9     you've indicated the Tuzla Cantonal Court file relating to case number

10     1137/04 in support of your conclusions; is that right?

11        A.   Yes.

12        Q.   Okay.  One quick question about another grave.  And that concerns

13     the Potocari graves.  Let me tell you where that is in your report.  You

14     should see that, I believe, at page 34 of e-court, I believe, and -- bear

15     with me a second and I'll give you the number on your report.  It begins

16     at 28 and then it goes into page 29 of the report, ERNs ending 0767

17     through 0768, and you refer to a number of smaller graves, Potocari, it

18     says 2006, at the bottom of the page, 2007 and 2012.  On the next page,

19     that's page 29 of your report, you indicate three.

20        A.   Yes.

21        Q.   One for each of the years I've just mentioned.  In respect of

22     these particular graves, the review -- did you review the exhumation

23     materials and data concerning them?

24        A.   In respect to Potocari 2006 and 2007, yes, but not in respect to

25     Potocari 2012.  It was not available to me.

Page 15266

 1        Q.   With respect to the exhumation data that you reviewed concerning

 2     Potocari 2006 and 2007, can you relate the information concerning those

 3     graves to any other evidence concerning deaths that may have occurred in

 4     Potocari or did in fact occur in Potocari, relative to the fall of

 5     Srebrenica?

 6        A.   Yes, we can say because these bodies from those two graves were

 7     recovered in a meadow called Rabin near Potocari, and this is the meadow

 8     which is described by the DutchBat personnel as being -- as witnessing

 9     execution at that spot.

10        Q.   Okay.  You mean in that same meadow?

11        A.   Yes, it's the same meadow.  And I have to add here that Potocari

12     2006 and Potocari 2007 graves, they are related, they must be related

13     between each other because body remains of one individual were found in

14     both graves.

15        Q.   Okay.

16             JUDGE ORIE:  Could I ask you, you said, and I'm reading from the

17     transcript, "the meadow which is described by DutchBat personnel as

18     witnessing execution at that spot."  Did you intend to say one execution

19     or executions?

20             THE WITNESS:  I don't recall it anymore but as I still recall

21     there might be many -- not many but several.  So I'm not sure is it one

22     or several, but what I know is that they are talking or describing the

23     same area, the same meadow, because I was able to review their drawings

24     about where this incident or incidents took place.

25             JUDGE ORIE:  Thank you.  Please proceed.  While -- when I say

Page 15267

 1     that, Mr. Vanderpuye, I think it's better to take a break first.

 2             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Okay, Mr. President.

 3             JUDGE ORIE:  Could the witness be escorted out of the courtroom.

 4                           [The witness stands down]

 5             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Vanderpuye, half an hour left after the break.

 6     That would be the two and a half hours.

 7             MR. VANDERPUYE:  That's right, Mr. President.  I'm doing my best.

 8     There obviously have been some technical issues but I think I'm pretty

 9     close to on time.

10             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, one of the technical issues, I noticed that at

11     least in e-court I didn't find any English version of a certain document.

12     If that's the case, then I would be surprised if it's the e-court system

13     which removes English versions or whether it has not been uploaded in the

14     way it should have been uploaded.

15             We take a break and we'll resume at five minutes to 1.00.

16                           --- Recess taken at 12.34 p.m.

17                           --- On resuming at 12.57 p.m.

18             JUDGE ORIE:  Could the witness be escorted into the courtroom.

19             Meanwhile, I'll deal with one of the three Defence requests for

20     extensions to respond which were all filed on the 12th of August.  The

21     one I'm dealing with is the request for an extension of 14 days to

22     respond to the Prosecution 92 quater motion for Predrag Radic to commence

23     after the Chamber's decision on the witness's addition to the 65 ter

24     witness list.  The Chamber notes in this regard that its decision on the

25     addition of the witness is pending and should be delivered soon.  The

Page 15268

 1     Chamber hereby grants the Defence request to respond within 14 days after

 2     that decision is delivered.

 3             Mr. Vanderpuye you may proceed.

 4                          [The witness takes the stand]

 5             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

 6        Q.   Good afternoon, Mr. Janc.  What I wanted to show you was

 7     65 ter 06368.  6358, sorry.  And this is in relation to the entry -- or,

 8     rather, your findings concerning the Potocari graves 2006, 2007, 2012, as

 9     indicated in your report.

10             THE INTERPRETER:  Could Mr. Vanderpuye kindly speak into the

11     microphone, please?

12             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Vanderpuye, you're invited to speak into the

13     microphone.

14             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

15             Do we not have this document in e-court also.

16             JUDGE ORIE:  I see a document on my screen at this moment, but

17     let me have a look.  Oh, that was another one.  I see two documents which

18     I think the English -- but in B/C/S there seems to be something pretty

19     different from what we see in the English.

20             Mr. Vanderpuye, I do not know what you're --

21             MR. VANDERPUYE:  There should be an attachment to the document.

22             JUDGE ORIE:  You know the numbers.  It's your --

23             MR. VANDERPUYE:  The number that I have, 0 -- ERN X021-7675.

24     That's what we should have in front of us relating to the exhumation of a

25     Potocari grave in a field described by the witness.

Page 15269

 1             THE INTERPRETER:  Would the counsel please speak into the

 2     microphone.

 3             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Ms. Stewart informs me the pages are out of

 4     order.  It's page 5, is it?

 5             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, and again you're invited to speak into the

 6     microphone for the interpreters to be able to hear you.

 7             JUDGE FLUEGGE:  Or you can use the other microphone while dealing

 8     with the documents and discussing with Ms. Stewart.

 9             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Your Honour.  I'll do that.

10             JUDGE ORIE:  We have at this moment -- you said they are out of

11     order.  It looks as if we have now the same page in English as we have in

12     B/C/S.

13             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Yes, we do, I believe so.  Thank you,

14     Mr. President.

15        Q.   Mr. Janc, did you review this document in relation to your

16     findings concerning the Potocari grave exhumed in 2006?

17        A.   Yes.

18        Q.   Does it reflect the location that you indicated just a moment ago

19     as to where the -- where the bodies or remains were recovered in relation

20     to where the bodies or remains were observed by DutchBat personnel?

21        A.   Yes, it does.

22        Q.   And further to your evidence regarding the -- your recollection

23     of what the DutchBat personnel observed, is it the case that -- is it

24     your recollection that that personnel indicated that they saw an

25     execution or that they saw what was left of an execution?

Page 15270

 1        A.   I can't recall that, sorry.

 2        Q.   So you're not sure one way or the other?

 3        A.   No.

 4        Q.   Okay.

 5             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Mr. President, I'd like to tender this document.

 6             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, now, you said everything was out of order.

 7     Let's first try to establish how the 26 pages in B/C/S correspond with

 8     the two pages in English.  Because in English it says it's an explanation

 9     of photographs, and it appears that in the B/C/S version all the

10     photographs are -- or at least some photographs are attached.  Let's

11     first have a look.  In the B/C/S, the first page is a sketch, the second

12     page is a cover page from a series of photo documentation, it is on

13     page 5 in the B/C/S apparently that we find the same as we find in page 1

14     in the English and that page 5 covers both pages 1 and 2 -- page 5 in the

15     B/C/S covers the pages 1 and 2 in the English version.

16             Now, what would you like to have in evidence, Mr. Vanderpuye?

17     Only the explanation or also the photographs attached and the sketches

18     attached?

19             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.  I would just like to

20     have the explanation.

21             JUDGE ORIE:  Just the explanation, so that would require anyhow a

22     separate upload of page 5 of the B/C/S version and then accompanied by

23     the -- what are now the pages 1 and 2 of the English version.  Now,

24     having dealt with all of this, I'd like to hear after this clarification

25     whether there is any objection against admission.

Page 15271

 1             JUDGE MOLOTO:  Just for my clarification, Mr. Vanderpuye, do you

 2     want us to see the explanation of the photographs without seeing the

 3     photographs themselves?  And what is that explanation going to be telling

 4     us if we can't look at the photographs.

 5             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Your Honour.  The reason

 6     why I've asked just for the explanation is that the explanation provides

 7     the location where the remains recovered which I think can be identified

 8     on the map evidence that we have before the Chamber already and further

 9     corroborates what the witness has identified in his report as the

10     location where, in fact, the exhumation occurred and the bodies were

11     recovered in 2006.  I'm not sure that the photographs add much to that

12     except to show the remains themselves.  They do, you're correct, show --

13     provide some indication of the location, such as a picture of the field

14     itself and some houses but I don't think it adds much --

15             JUDGE MOLOTO:  Thank you so much.  I hear now you saying the

16     explanation explains the location where the bodies were recovered.  So if

17     that is the explanation and it doesn't explain the photographs, that's

18     fine.

19             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Yes, it's just to establish the location.

20             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  And also that an exhumation took place there.

21     That appears to be the core of what you want to present.

22             No objections?  Then Mr. Registrar would you reserve a number for

23     what is now pages 1 and 2 in the English version of 65 ter number --

24     could you repeat the number, Mr. -- 06358 and to upload the corresponding

25     B/C/S pages from the -- which is only one page, by the way, it's page 5

Page 15272

 1     of the B/C/S version.

 2             THE REGISTRAR:  Yes, Your Honour, that will be Exhibit P1985.

 3             JUDGE ORIE:  Once uploaded, P1985 will be admitted into evidence.

 4             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.  Ms. Stewart informs

 5     me that it will be uploaded with 65 ter 6358A, just so that we can make

 6     sure that it corresponds to the correct exhibit.

 7             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  With the same translation as with the full

 8     document.

 9             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Mr. President.

10        Q.   Mr. Janc, I'd like to take you to annex B of your report.

11             MR. VANDERPUYE:  I have it as beginning at page 42 in e-court and

12     it should be for the Chamber's --

13             JUDGE ORIE:  It's page 36.

14             MR. VANDERPUYE:  That's right.  So if we could just go to page

15     37, which would be --

16             JUDGE ORIE:  No, when I said at page --

17             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Page 42 in e-court.

18             JUDGE ORIE:  When I said page 36, annex B starts with new

19     numbering.  So apart from the cover page, it is page 2 of annex B which

20     corresponds with the e-court page number you just mentioned.

21             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Mr. President.  It should

22     be e-court page 43.  All right.  I think we have it now on the screen.

23        Q.   You analysed these surface remain data; is that correct?

24        A.   Yes, correct.

25        Q.   And that was provided to you by whom?

Page 15273

 1        A.   By the BiH Institute on Missing Persons.

 2        Q.   And in what form was this information provided to you or what

 3     information did you review?

 4        A.   Initially in 2008 they provided spreadsheets with all

 5     exhumations, actually collections of these surface remains which they

 6     have carried out since 1996.

 7        Q.   Okay.

 8        A.   Along with that we also requested that they provide graphical

 9     presentation of where those surface remains were collected.  And after --

10     sorry, for the purposes of my report, subsequently I requested an update

11     of these data because every year there is -- there are additional

12     collection of the surface remains and every year I requested a new table

13     for subsequent years so we have a complete data, what has been collected

14     from the surface since 1996 up until the June 2013.

15        Q.   What I'd like to ask you is about your numbers.  Here you've

16     indicated that your analysis established that there were 756

17     Srebrenica-related individuals and that there were 1033 surface remain

18     cases.  If you could just explain to the Chamber what that means, were

19     there 1033 individuals of which 756 were Srebrenica-related individuals?

20     What exactly does that mean and what's the difference between a case and

21     an individual?

22        A.   The BiH Institute on Missing Persons, they are referring to what

23     they collect on ground as cases.  What does it mean in reality, you know,

24     it might be one bone, one part of human remain, or the entire body, so we

25     don't really know exactly what they have collected.  Is it the entire

Page 15274

 1     body or, you know, is it just part of the body because over the years,

 2     one can imagine that body have decomposed and many body parts are only

 3     found, not the complete bodies.  But what happens is then they are sent

 4     to the ICMP and after the identification is done, we'll get the actual

 5     individuals which have been identified from those body remains.

 6             So what does it mean?  You know, one case can represent, I mean,

 7     in reality more than one individual or quite opposite, you know, more

 8     cases can represent only one individual.  We won't really know in reality

 9     what is it, how many individuals is indeed covered with this 1033 surface

10     remain cases which have been collected.

11        Q.   How did you come up with 756, then?

12        A.   Those are the individuals which have been so far identified from

13     those cases, and the names can be found on the ICMP list which was

14     provided to us, and what I was looking at, what was -- what I was trying

15     to find, to locate inside their spreadsheet is actually the site code.

16     It's the system of how they collect the surface remains and how they

17     record their findings is similar as to the exhumation of the mass graves,

18     so for every single location, for every single body part or case, they

19     will assign a site code, and if I see that in the ICMP data certain site

20     code, I will know exactly that that site code is related to surface

21     remains because that is information which were provided to us as such.

22        Q.   Thanks for that explanation.

23             If we could just go to page 3 in annex B which should correspond

24     to page 44 in e-court, we can see a little bit about what you're talking

25     about, in terms of the site codes.  And if we go to the following page,

Page 15275

 1     it should be page 4, we can see additional areas -- oh, oh.  I think we

 2     have a computer problem.  But anyway --

 3             JUDGE ORIE:  We still have the hard copy and if the electronic

 4     version could be reactivated, it would be appreciated, especially for the

 5     public.  Please proceed.

 6             MR. VANDERPUYE:

 7        Q.   If we can go to the following page, ERN ending 0778, we can see

 8     the additional areas that you mentioned as from which surface remains

 9     were recovered.  The Pobudje region was on the previous page.  Here we

10     have the Baljkovica area, Snagovo area, and now you have other areas

11     which go on to the following page, page 5 of your annex.  In relation to

12     these various areas, did you receive information directly from the BiH

13     authorities concerning the recovery of these surface remains for each

14     area?

15        A.   It's -- actually it's me who grouped these surface remains in

16     these four different areas but, yes, I'm getting this information from

17     documentation which was provided to us by the BiH institute.

18        Q.   I'd like to show you two things while we are on this topic.  One

19     is 65 ter 6363.

20             THE INTERPRETER:  The counsel is again kindly asked to use the

21     microphone for the sake of interpreters.

22             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Vanderpuye, it's now the third time that the

23     interpreters ask to you speak into the microphone.

24             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.  I'll keep that in

25     mind.

Page 15276

 1             JUDGE ORIE:  Or use the other one, adjust it and -- because it

 2     appears that you're talking in the direction of the other microphone.

 3     You switch off the one, switch on the other one, adjust it to where you

 4     are ...

 5             MR. VANDERPUYE:  I'll do that, Mr. President.

 6             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 7             MR. VANDERPUYE:  I'm standing right in front of it at this

 8     moment.

 9             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, that's fine.  Yes, I suggested that you use the

10     other one but if insist on using this one, then you should really stand

11     close to it.

12             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Okay.  Is this better?

13             JUDGE ORIE:  That is what I had on my mind when I made that

14     observation.

15             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Mr. President.  I

16     appreciate that.

17        Q.   Mr. Janc, do you recognise what we have in front of us here?

18        A.   Yes, this is one of the maps which was provided to us by the BiH

19     institute in relation to the surface remains.

20        Q.   Did you have an opportunity to review that in relation to the

21     preparation of your report?

22        A.   Yes, of course.

23        Q.   And what does it depict?

24        A.   This particular map depicts the location where the surface

25     remains were located or collected in the year of 1996.

Page 15277

 1        Q.   Is this the only map that was received in relation to the

 2     location where surface remains were recovered by the BiH authorities?

 3        A.   No.  There are more maps.  They go -- we have them up until 2008,

 4     for each year one, and then the overall map.

 5        Q.   Okay.

 6             MR. VANDERPUYE:  If I could go to page 23 in this exhibit.

 7             JUDGE ORIE:  I have a 16-page exhibit which --

 8             MR. VANDERPUYE:  ERN 1606, 05451606, 14, thank you.  Okay.

 9        Q.   Can you tell us what this shows, Mr. Janc?

10        A.   Yes.  This is the distribution of surface remains collected by

11     the BiH authorities over the years.  So this is the overall map I was

12     just talking about, covering all the years between 1996 up to 2008.

13        Q.   The location of these surface remains, is that consistent with

14     your understanding of the movement of the column out of the Srebrenica

15     enclave immediately following its collapse?

16        A.   Yes.  The majority of it, it's consistent, apart from those few

17     surface remains cases which were found outside the route, you can see

18     some on south and some towards the west, so the other areas are

19     consistent.

20        Q.   And these cover the four areas, roughly, that you indicated in

21     your report?

22        A.   Yes, correct.

23        Q.   Okay.

24             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Mr. President, I'd like to tender this document

25     as well.  It actually contains --

Page 15278

 1             JUDGE ORIE:  What you showed is page 14 of that document when you

 2     referred to the ERN number.  That's at least -- I'm not opposing

 3     anything.

 4             MR. VANDERPUYE:  That's correct.

 5             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, it was page 14 of -- yeah.  Any objections?

 6             MR. IVETIC:  None, Your Honour.

 7             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Registrar?

 8             THE REGISTRAR:  65 ter 06363 will be Exhibit P1986, Your Honours.

 9             JUDGE ORIE:  P1986 is admitted into evidence.

10             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

11        Q.   Mr. Janc, I want to take you to annex C of your report.

12             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Vanderpuye, just to be sure, you first asked for

13     page 23 of that exhibit.  I then pointed that there were 16 pages.  Then

14     you gave an ERN number and you apparently added 14, and that was a

15     reference, then, to the page number, the e-court page number of this

16     document, so instead of page 23, it's now page 14, what we looked at.

17             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you for clarifying that --

18             JUDGE ORIE:  And the whole of the document now is admitted into

19     evidence.  Please proceed.

20             MR. VANDERPUYE:

21        Q.   Mr. Janc, I wanted to take you very quickly to annex C of your

22     report which concerns the DNA connections.

23        A.   Yes.

24        Q.   Just bear with me a moment while I switch around here so I can

25     give you the page.  I have it as page 47 in e-court and, let me see, that

Page 15279

 1     would be --

 2             JUDGE ORIE:  Annex C starts at an unpaged cover page and then the

 3     next page starts with DNA connections, which is page 2 of the hard copy

 4     of annex C.

 5             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you very much, Mr. President.

 6        Q.   And what I'd like to ask you, Mr. Janc, first of all, is this:

 7     What is -- what do you mean, first of all, by a DNA connection; and

 8     secondly, what is this particular annex intended to show?

 9        A.   Yes, DNA connection is when human remains of one individual were

10     found in two different graves, being either in two different primary

11     graves or being in primary and secondary grave or in two different

12     secondary graves.  And what this table or this section is intend to show

13     is the connection between those graves.

14        Q.   Does the table establish anything by -- in terms of primacy, in

15     terms of whether something is a primary grave or a secondary grave or

16     even a tertiary grave based upon the DNA links between those graves

17     alone?

18        A.   Not really.  The DNA connections will just show us that there is

19     a connection, strong connection, between those graves.  The information

20     about which grave is primary or secondary will be found in other

21     documents like exhumation reports and findings during exhumations.

22        Q.   You explained a little bit earlier in your report your

23     methodology in terms of counting the number of DNA connections or links

24     between graves as you've described it.  Did you take into consideration,

25     in terms of that analysis, the data provided by the ICMP with respect to

Page 15280

 1     the reassociations of DNA profiles among the graves?

 2        A.   Yes, of course, and this is the only way you can find the

 3     connections between the graves, so you have to take into consideration

 4     both main cases and reassociations which will tell you that certain body

 5     parts, human remains, found in different graves will be part of one

 6     individual.

 7        Q.   Did you evaluate other evidence in terms of establishing whether

 8     or not, or expressing whether or not, the grave that you analysed were

 9     primary, secondary or --

10        A.   Yes, I did.  Also other forensic evidence, artefacts, and

11     everything.

12        Q.   And is that set out in this particular annex?

13        A.   In this particular annex will only get information on the actual

14     number of connections between the graves.

15        Q.   Okay.

16             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Vanderpuye, needless to say, that you've used

17     already that half an hour after this break.

18             MR. VANDERPUYE:  You're correct, Mr. President.  I'm on my last

19     section and I hope to be done with Mr. Janc quite quickly.  There are

20     three charts that I want to show him so that he can explain them to the

21     Chamber and that will be --

22             JUDGE ORIE:  I must say in relation to the last part, the DNA

23     connections, some of the questions confused more than the -- confused

24     what is perfectly clear in the table itself.  The table itself only

25     establishes that in the number of cases indicated, that body parts were

Page 15281

 1     found in one grave and another grave belonging to the same person.  That

 2     said in one line and all that is primary and secondary, of course that's

 3     not what the table says which is clearly -- is obvious from the table

 4     itself.

 5             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Yes, Mr. President, you're right about that --

 6             JUDGE ORIE:  Okay, then let's proceed at this moment.

 7             MR. VANDERPUYE:  -- but there are charts at the end of this

 8     particular section which do reflect those designations which I'm just

 9     going to now.

10             JUDGE ORIE:  Fine.  Please proceed.

11             MR. VANDERPUYE:

12        Q.   First let's stop at page 5, Mr. Janc.  So that we can see how you

13     calculated the totals.  That's ERN ending 784.  We see here that you have

14     designations for primary to primary, primary to secondary, secondary to

15     secondary, and then total execution sites, secondary graves, for a total

16     of 1001?

17        A.   Yes.

18        Q.   Is that reflected in the charts that you prepared in relation to

19     this section?

20        A.   Yes, correct.  It is.  In this table and in charts.

21        Q.   All right.

22             MR. VANDERPUYE:  What I'd like to do then is to go to the charts

23     and hopefully I'll be able to get a page number because it runs -- the

24     pagination disappears for a while.  The ERN number is 0808.  All right.

25        Q.   We are at chart number 1 in your report.  Can you tell the

Page 15282

 1     Chamber what this is intended to reflect?

 2             MR. VANDERPUYE:  And we can -- maybe we can blow it up and go

 3     from one side to the other so it's a little bit easier to see.

 4             THE WITNESS:  Just -- I don't have anything on my screen and the

 5     chart I have in front of me is not in colour so if you're going to --

 6     talking about colours, I would need that picture.  Okay.  Yes.  Thank

 7     you.  Now I can see it.

 8             Yeah, this is the overall chart of all the DNA connections I was

 9     able to establish reviewing the ICMP data.  In the top of the chart you

10     have primary graves and underneath you have related secondary graves to

11     those site and how many connections between primary and secondary sites

12     have been established.  So then you have different colours, for example,

13     for squares in green, they are -- they are the graves, mass graves,

14     exhumed by the BiH authorities.  Those in brown colour are those exhumed

15     by the ICTY.  So this is the overall chart.  Then we have specific charts

16     for every single primary and second -- related secondary graves.

17             MR. VANDERPUYE:

18        Q.   So, for example, if we start at the left we have the Branjevo

19     Farm.  You indicate Pilica in parentheses and Kozluk.  And then you've

20     established that, for example, in Branjevo there are 43 cases that relate

21     to a number of secondary mass graves, both exhumed by the ICTY and by the

22     BH authorities.  And in the case of Kozluk, there are 113 such cases

23     linked to those group of secondary mass graves; is that right?

24        A.   Yes, correct.

25        Q.   Okay.  And that's how you would read this particular chart and

Page 15283

 1     understand it?

 2        A.   Correct.

 3        Q.   There are also diagonal lines that appear to connect secondary

 4     graves to secondary graves that are related to the primary graves of both

 5     Branjevo and Kozluk?

 6        A.   Yes, correct.

 7        Q.   And that would be here depicted as , for example, between

 8     Cancari 11 and Cancari 5, and Cancari 4 and Cancari 9; is that correct?

 9        A.   Yes, correct.

10        Q.   I just want to make sure that we've understood how to read this.

11     If we can go over to the far right - thank you - we can see a combination

12     of graves here that are interrelated, Glogova 1 and Glogova 2 --

13        A.   Yes.

14        Q.   -- are both primary graves --

15        A.   Correct.

16        Q.   -- that are linked by DNA?

17        A.   Yes.

18        Q.   Can you explain that?

19        A.   So obviously body parts of one individual were found in two

20     different primary graves, which mean that they were deposited into the

21     primary graves as such in different pieces.  So one individual has been

22     already in different body parts have been already taken from somewhere to

23     this execution site -- to this primary grave.

24        Q.   All right.  And in relation to both of these graves, there are

25     several secondary mass graves that you have indicated.  From left to

Page 15284

 1     right, we see there are 63 cases from Glogova 1 and 15 cases linked to

 2     Bljeceva graves, the Budak graves.

 3        A.   Yes.

 4        Q.   And then 12 cases and 43 cases from Glogova 2, is it, that are

 5     linked to the Zalazje mass graves, and the Zeleni Jadar mass graves; is

 6     that right?

 7        A.   Yes, Glogova 1 or Glogova 2.  It's not obvious from this chart

 8     but it will be from the subsequent charts.

 9        Q.   Okay.  And also Kravica warehouse is directly linked to the

10     secondary mass graves at Zeleni Jadar?

11        A.   Yes, correct.  We have a direct DNA link between Kravica

12     warehouse and Zeleni Jadar 2 because body parts of one individual were

13     found in secondary mass grave Zeleni Jadar 2, and at Kravica warehouse

14     execution site there was a tooth of that individual found.

15        Q.   Okay.  Thank you.

16             MR. VANDERPUYE:  I'd like to go to the next chart very quickly.

17     This one I think we can make a little smaller so we can fit both on the

18     page.  That seems fine.

19        Q.   Mr. Janc, can you tell us what we are seeing here?

20        A.   This is the broken down chart per execution site and now we have

21     actually the overview of how -- how many connections is found related to

22     particular execution site and actually primary grave and secondary grave.

23        Q.   Okay.  And that's for both -- here in this case it's for both

24     Branjevo and Pilica -- Branjevo, Pilica and Kozluk; is that right?

25        A.   Yes, correct.

Page 15285

 1        Q.   Between these two --

 2             JUDGE ORIE:  Could I ask one question?  The relatively low

 3     numbers of primary graves and secondary graves in the previous picture or

 4     here the execution site and the various graves, often if a primary grave

 5     is -- when the bodies are taken out and moved elsewhere, that means that

 6     most likely there is only a limited number of DNA material left behind in

 7     the primary grave, or at the grave site.  Is that well understood?  And

 8     does that explain why sometimes the numbers are relatively low of the DNA

 9     matches?

10             THE WITNESS:  Yes, correct.  That's exactly what happened there

11     because, you know, you have a relatively small number of human remains

12     left in the primary grave.  But you -- you can see from this chart that

13     you have in some cases really high number of cases between secondary

14     graves because individuals were taken to secondary graves, and in two of

15     them you can find or even one individual can be found in three different

16     graves.  So that's why you have more connections between secondary graves

17     than --

18             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, because most of the bodily remains remained in

19     those secondary graves, and often after some damage of being torn apart

20     in various secondary graves, if I understand your testimony well.

21             THE WITNESS:  Yes, Your Honour, you're perfectly right.

22             JUDGE ORIE:  Thank you.  Please proceed, Mr. Vanderpuye.

23             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

24        Q.   Two questions I want to ask you in relation to this particular

25     chart.  The first is, at the very bottom of the screen we can see a DNA

Page 15286

 1     connection between two secondary graves to both Branjevo military farm,

 2     Pilica and Kozluk --

 3        A.   Yes.

 4        Q.   -- which the Chamber has received evidence are independent

 5     primary mass grave sites.

 6        A.   Yes, correct.

 7        Q.   So I'd like to ask you if you were able to provide an explanation

 8     as to how it is that you would have a DNA connection between secondary

 9     graves related to independent, separate primary mass grave sites.  The

10     second part is for an explanation as to why Liplje 2, although is a --

11             JUDGE ORIE:  Could we perhaps -- or are the questions so related

12     that we cannot understand the answer to the first question.  Let's take

13     them one by one.

14             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

15             JUDGE ORIE:  The first question is about the horizontal link

16     between the Kozluk and Branjevo cases.

17             THE WITNESS:  Yes.  We have to understand that those two primary

18     graves have been re-exhumed at about the same time, and according to my

19     understanding from the investigation itself, the same transport means

20     have been used during reburial operation.  So in this case, it might be

21     easily that this is contamination, that some body parts from one

22     particular primary grave have remained on the truck while there has been

23     exhumation, exhumation of the other primary graves.  That's one of the

24     possible conclusions why these appeared as such.  And the same would be

25     the case for when you started this question for Liplje 2, connection

Page 15287

 1     between Liplje 2 and Cancari 3, it might be the same kind of explanation.

 2             MR. VANDERPUYE:

 3        Q.   Thank you for that explanation.  It obviates the need for my

 4     second question.  If we could just go to the next chart, Mr. Janc.

 5             JUDGE ORIE:  That was the third one, the last one,

 6     Mr. Vanderpuye?

 7             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Well, there are actually five.  Perhaps I can go

 8     to the last one and that might be more efficient because this

 9     incorporates some of the previous findings, although it is, as you can

10     see, a somewhat --

11             JUDGE ORIE:  Do it as you wish but I expect you now to put

12     focused questions to the witness and what we can see and read is there,

13     what needs an explanation as with the last few questions certainly

14     assists.  And could you please finish within the next five to seven

15     minutes.  Please proceed.

16             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

17        Q.   All right, Mr. Janc, we are now at chart 4C.  And this concerns

18     Glogova 2 and Glogova 1.  First of all, what am I looking at here?  What

19     do we see?

20        A.   As with previous charts this is just a -- as you can see a

21     network of connections between primary grave Glogova and related

22     secondary graves.  So that's how many connections have been established

23     between those primary and secondary graves.

24        Q.   All right.  So there were no connections that you were able to

25     establish between Glogova 1 and either Bljeceva 1 or Bljeceva 2?

Page 15288

 1        A.   Yes, correct.  There is only connections established between

 2     Glogova 2 and Bljeceva 1 and Bljeceva 2.

 3        Q.   Okay.  And the blue lines that we see between them represent

 4     exactly what?

 5        A.   These are connections between the secondary graves.

 6        Q.   And are these subsumed in the previous charts, particularly chart

 7     4B, and 4A, which preceded this one?

 8        A.   Yes, correct.  Chart 4A would represent only the connections

 9     between primary and secondary graves, and the chart 4B would represent

10     only the connections between those secondary graves and this is the

11     overall chart of both together.

12        Q.   In terms of the -- in terms of the designation of a primary --

13             MR. VANDERPUYE:  I'm sorry, Mr. Ivetic.

14             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Ivetic.

15             MR. IVETIC:  I apologise for the interruption.  But I'm advised

16     that my client would like to use the facilities, the restroom, and was

17     asking to be excused for that.

18             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, he is excused.  Does he want us to wait or

19     could we continue?

20             MR. IVETIC:  We can continue.

21             JUDGE ORIE:  We can continue.  Then, Mr. Mladic is excused for a

22     moment.  Please proceed.

23             MR. VANDERPUYE:

24        Q.   In terms of the designation of primary and secondary graves that

25     we see here depicted in this section, should we take it that that

Page 15289

 1     designation derives from other information that is not shown in this

 2     particular section of which you were made privy or had a chance to

 3     review?

 4        A.   Yes, correct.

 5        Q.   And does the evidence as presented in your report with respect to

 6     the DNA connection that you were able to establish corroborate or is it

 7     consistent with the other forensic evidence that you reviewed concerning

 8     what graves relate to which?

 9        A.   Yes, it is perfectly consistent with previous findings.

10        Q.   Did you find any inconsistencies in the data that you reviewed

11     versus the other forensic data such as artefacts, anthropological issues,

12     that you reviewed concerning the exhumations of these graves?

13        A.   No.

14        Q.   Did you describe these graves or the relationship of primary and

15     secondary graves in a map that you prepared in relation to your previous

16     testimony?

17        A.   Yes, I did.

18             MR. VANDERPUYE:  If I can just show you, and this will be my last

19     exhibit, Mr. President, 65 ter -- before I do that let me just tender --

20     yes, let me tender the report.

21             MR. IVETIC:  No objection to the report but there is no B/C/S

22     translation.

23             MR. VANDERPUYE:  It will be MFIed, I understand, but the

24     translation is still pending, Mr. President, with your leave.

25             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Registrar, the number assigned?

Page 15290

 1             THE REGISTRAR:  65 ter number 30169 will be MFIed P1987, pending

 2     B/C/S translation.

 3             JUDGE ORIE:  And keeps that status until we have received in

 4     e-court the translation.

 5             MR. VANDERPUYE:  If I could show the witness, please,

 6     65 ter 19929.

 7        Q.   Do you recognise this map?

 8        A.   Yes.

 9        Q.   Is this the map -- is this the map that you prepared in order to

10     depict the relationship of primary and -- primary mass graves, secondary

11     mass graves and so on, based on the information that you reviewed in

12     connection with your report?

13        A.   Yes, correct.

14        Q.   If we could just zoom in at the top of the map, we can see a

15     number of arrows and directions and groups of certain graves.  Are all of

16     these graves represented in your current report, your -- the one that you

17     completed in June?

18        A.   Yes.

19        Q.   Okay.  And if we can go down the page, we can see yet another

20     series of arrows and graves.  Are all of these graves contained in your

21     current report?

22        A.   These and a few more.

23        Q.   Okay.  And so there are graves that are referred to in your

24     report that are not contained in this map?

25        A.   Yes, because this is an earlier map which would correspond with

Page 15291

 1     my earlier reports.

 2        Q.   Does this map depict in general terms the movement or direction

 3     of bodies, remains, from the main mass grave sites, the disturbed mass

 4     grave sites referred to in annex A, to the secondary grave sites?

 5        A.   Yes, correct, correct.  This is what the red arrows are showing

 6     us.

 7        Q.   And that's accurate to date?

 8        A.   Yes.

 9        Q.   Okay.  Thank you.

10             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Mr. President, I would like to tender this

11     document, 65 ter 19929.

12             MR. IVETIC:  No objection.

13             MR. VANDERPUYE:  And that will conclude my direct examination

14     with your leave, Mr. President.

15             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  The number to be assigned, Mr. Registrar.

16             THE REGISTRAR:  Exhibit P1988, Your Honours.

17             JUDGE ORIE:  P1988 is admitted into evidence.

18             MR. VANDERPUYE:  Mr. President, Ms. Stewart informs me that

19     I should inform the Court that 65 ter 6358A, P1985, has now been uploaded

20     to e-court.

21             JUDGE ORIE:  And therefore where it was assigned the MFI status,

22     it is now admitted into evidence under the number, Mr. Registrar, you had

23     provisionally assigned was?

24             THE REGISTRAR:  Exhibit P1986, Your Honours.

25             JUDGE ORIE:  P1986 therefore is now admitted.

Page 15292

 1             JUDGE FLUEGGE:  No, P1985 is the correct number.

 2             THE REGISTRAR:  P1985, that's one page of 65 ter 06358.

 3             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Then P1985 is admitted into evidence.  P1986

 4     was already admitted into evidence.

 5             Then I wonder whether it would not be wiser to take the break now

 6     and that you start your cross-examination after the break, Mr. Ivetic.

 7             I had forgotten that we lost half an hour in the beginning, a

 8     little bit over half an hour.  If we could continue for the next

 9     25 minutes, Mr. Ivetic, or would you like to ...

10                           [Defence counsel confer]

11             JUDGE ORIE:  We'll continue?

12             MR. IVETIC:  We can continue, Your Honours.

13             JUDGE ORIE:  Then, Mr. Janc, you will now be cross-examined by

14     Mr. Ivetic.  Mr. Ivetic is a member of the Defence team of Mr. Mladic and

15     you'll find him to your left.

16             THE WITNESS:  Thank you.

17             JUDGE ORIE:  Please proceed.

18             MR. IVETIC:  Thank you, Your Honours.

19                           Cross-examination by Mr. Ivetic:

20        Q.   Good day, Mr. Janc.

21        A.   Good day.

22        Q.   Mr. Janc, apart from testifying before the Tribunal as a witness

23     for the Prosecution in several cases relating to Srebrenica, have you had

24     occasion to testify as a witness, whether fact or expert, in any other

25     proceedings?

Page 15293

 1        A.   You mean before the Tribunal?

 2        Q.   Before or after.

 3        A.   I testified before the national court in Slovenia.

 4        Q.   In terms of that prior testimony before the national court in

 5     Slovenia, did you use any of the similar methodology or reporting styles

 6     as in the reports that you have testified for in front of the Tribunal?

 7        A.   It's difficult to say that I've used the similar or same

 8     methodology because the cases were different, of different types, what

 9     I've been investigating then and what's been investigating here.

10        Q.   Okay.  In relation to your time spent at the Office of the

11     Prosecutor of the Tribunal, did your duties include interviewing

12     witnesses and potential suspects for ongoing cases?

13        A.   Yes.

14        Q.   Were any of these interviews related to the case against

15     General Ratko Mladic, that is to say, related to the indictment against

16     General Mladic?

17        A.   I would say yes because they were related to the entire

18     Srebrenica investigation and they would be related to your client as

19     well.

20        Q.   Thank you, sir.  While you were employed with the Office of the

21     Prosecutor, were you ever tasked with assisting in the drafting or

22     amending of any indictments?

23        A.   No.

24        Q.   Were any of the investigations that you took part in while at the

25     Office of the Prosecutor related to verifying any claims of ethnic Muslim

Page 15294

 1     victims who had been killed by fellow ethnic Muslim forces in Srebrenica,

 2     either in the enclave itself or during the march of the Bosnian Muslim

 3     column of men to Tuzla after the fall of Srebrenica?

 4        A.   No, I don't think so.

 5        Q.   Now I want to ask you about a different topic.  Are you familiar

 6     from your work of a military and civil protection concept in the former

 7     SFRY called sanitisation of the terrain in English or "asanacija terena"

 8     in B/C/S?

 9        A.   Yeah, I heard about that concept, yes.

10        Q.   Would you agree with me that this concept would involve the

11     obligation to clear from a former combat zone or battlefield all

12     artefacts of a battle including weapons, munitions, debris, and

13     biological remains, whether human or of animals, and in the case of human

14     remains, bury the same?

15        A.   I'm sure it includes some of those but I cannot really affirm it

16     includes everything.

17        Q.   Okay.  We have had some testimony of another witness in these

18     proceedings, RM306, who testified that pursuant to the legal obligations

19     of the SFRY Law on Civil Protection - and this can be found at transcript

20     page 11464 through 11465 - the bodies and remains recovered by asanacija

21     would be buried in communal or mass graves rather than individual graves.

22     Does this accord with your knowledge of asanacija in the SFRY system?

23        A.   I can't really say it -- it's -- I don't really have knowledge

24     about specific term, what would include.

25        Q.   Fair enough.  Now, I want to ask you just briefly about the time

Page 15295

 1     period of June 2003 through June 2004, while you were in the European

 2     Police Mission to Bosnia as an advisor to the criminal investigations

 3     department of the Republika Srpska MUP in Banja Luka.  Did any of your

 4     work as an advisor at that time involve any investigations by the RS MUP

 5     in Banja Luka relating to Srebrenica?

 6        A.   No.

 7        Q.   Now I want to take some time to inquire about the work that you

 8     did in preparing your report.  In relation to the material that you read,

 9     you identified witness statements and other -- I think you referred to

10     some sort of internal reports that were prepared.  First of all, could

11     you identify for us, when you referred to internal writings or memoranda,

12     what are you referring to?

13        A.   Yes, this was a question when I was asked what kind of documents

14     I have been in general reviewing while working for the OTP and one of

15     those records would be also these internal records, so you would find,

16     for example, spreadsheets on conducting investigations, various note to

17     files or this kind of internal correspondence or internal investigative

18     documentation I was referring to.  But in terms of my report, for

19     drafting my report, whatever I have used, I have referenced it in my

20     report.

21        Q.   Okay.  Now, in relation to the witness statements that you would

22     have reviewed to come to conclusions, did you -- let's put it this way,

23     the witness statement that you read, did they comprise a percentage of

24     the available statements relating to the events in Srebrenica or were

25     they all of the available statements relating to Srebrenica?  Is there

Page 15296

 1     any way you could identify for us what portion of the totality of the

 2     statements you would have reviewed or had access to for purposes of doing

 3     your work?

 4        A.   I did have access to all of those statements, or at least to

 5     those who -- which were not restricted.  And even if they were

 6     restricted, if they were related to Srebrenica events I would get access

 7     to those.  So the total number, I don't know how many of them I have

 8     reviewed but it might be quite many in the period of five years.

 9        Q.   In relation to those that you did review, were these selected by

10     someone else for you or were they all ones that you selected to review

11     for whatever reason you selected them?

12        A.   It was mainly selected by me.  You know there were definitely

13     instances where someone would ask to you review a certain statement for

14     certain things, but if I'm focused on my report now it was, you know,

15     basically selected by me, especially when I was trying to establish or

16     verify certain facts, yes, that's what I've been doing.  So I've been

17     trying to locate them myself and to review them myself.

18        Q.   Thank you.  Now, you've also identified here today, and I believe

19     each of your reports makes clear that they are a continuation of the work

20     of Mr. Dean Manning.  Did you have any communications with Mr. Manning

21     for purposes of performing your work and preparing these reports as a

22     continuation of the work that he did?

23        A.   I had had a contact with him, I'd say personal contacts perhaps,

24     I think, two times in my life so far.  So first time when he came here in

25     2007 to prepare his update for Popovic trial, at that time, we did

Page 15297

 1     discuss the issues but for -- just because I was curious of what he had

 2     been doing and what he had achieved and everything.  That had nothing to

 3     do with my report which I drafted later, and at that time I was talking

 4     to him I didn't even know that I would be tasked to do that.  So for the

 5     second time, I think I saw him after he finished his testimony in one of

 6     the cases and we just briefly chatted but not about the report, so

 7     I haven't received any kind of directions or anything from him.

 8        Q.   Thank you.  Now, did you just take the work of Mr. Manning as a

 9     finished product and work from there or did you go back and actually try

10     to double check or verify any of the work of Mr. Manning arising from his

11     reports?

12        A.   There were certain verifications needed, but not -- not many,

13     I would say, because it's -- my report is focusing, you know, on numbers,

14     itself, and connections and surface remains, and this is the area, let's

15     say, surface remains, which I modified in terms of what he concluded in

16     his earlier reports so because he didn't have enough information

17     available in respect to that portion of my report.

18        Q.   I'd like to now move on to another one of the sources that you

19     cited, the ICMP reports.  In relation to those -- excuse me, I should say

20     lists.  In relation to the ICMP lists, did you undertake to perform any

21     investigation of the identifications that were made by ICMP?

22        A.   Yes.  In some cases, yes, you know.  In majority of cases, no,

23     but in some cases yes, I did do a kind of investigation, when there was a

24     kind of a situation which would not be consistent with findings in -- in

25     our investigation.  And I detected some cases in their list, in their

Page 15298

 1     earlier lists, where they would identify individuals as being related to

 2     Srebrenica and they were actually -- and actually they were not.

 3     Actually they were victims of some other incidents from 1993, 1992, and

 4     in their subsequent updates which they provided to us, they actually

 5     removed those individuals from the list.  Some of them were identified by

 6     themselves but, yes, there were such instances but, you know, there were

 7     a small number of such cases.

 8        Q.   In relation to those instances where you did check and you did

 9     find errors of how ICMP identified these individuals and how your own

10     investigations identified these individuals, did you contact ICMP?  Did

11     you have a role in the subsequent lists that changed that information?

12        A.   I'm quite sure, you know, I'm not certain but I'm quite sure that

13     this information was forwarded to the ICMP and they rechecked their list

14     and they reverified these facts.  But nevertheless, if I identified such

15     individuals, I haven't included them into my report.

16        Q.   Now, you also identified various BiH authorities as being a

17     source for your reports and I want to just clarify the -- you did not in

18     direct examination include the BiH Ministry of Defence.  Can we conclude

19     from that that you did not consult with the Ministry of Defence of the

20     BiH for purpose of generating your reports?

21        A.   Not me personally, no.

22        Q.   And the decision not to consult the BiH Ministry of Defence, was

23     that a decision that you reached by yourself or was it a decision reached

24     by someone else at the Prosecution?

25        A.   No.  There was no -- it's not about decision here.  It's about

Page 15299

 1     the need.  Because I did know that at that time there were inquiries made

 2     at the Ministry of Defence by our demographics unit and I did get

 3     information from their side about what they have been provided with.

 4        Q.   Okay.  In the course of your work in preparing your reports, did

 5     you have occasion to review any of the Defence demographic expert

 6     submissions from either the Popovic or any of the other cases that you

 7     were involved in at the ICTY?

 8        A.   Yes, I think I did review them, yes.

 9        Q.   As part of your investigative work and in preparing your reports,

10     did you have occasion to take into account casualties that may have

11     occurred as part of the Bosnian Muslim column of men that left Srebrenica

12     in July 1995 and attempted to break through the Serb lines to get to

13     Tuzla?

14        A.   Yes.

15        Q.   Could you tell me what kinds of sources did you consult to gain

16     information about the casualties that occurred to members of the Bosnian

17     Muslim column of men that attempted to break through to Tuzla?

18        A.   Yes, various sources.  You know, there we have several statements

19     about those casualties, what happened to certain individuals breaking

20     through.  Then for the purposes of my report, one of the main sources

21     was, of course, the data on surface remains because many of them were

22     just left behind, and this is one of the main sources.  Also, there were

23     sources, some witnesses, some expert witnesses, testified in this

24     courtroom saying about the rough numbers of those casualties.  So I did

25     take into consideration those sources, yes.

Page 15300

 1        Q.   Thank you, sir.  I'd like to now review something from one of the

 2     prior cases that you testified on with you.

 3             MR. IVETIC:  If we could have 1D1196 in e-court.  That should be

 4     the 4 May Popovic transcript, and if we can have the page 27 in e-court,

 5     which should correlate to transcript page 33593 of that case's

 6     transcript.

 7             THE INTERPRETER:  Kindly slow down for the interpreters.  Thank

 8     you.

 9             MR. IVETIC:  I will endeavour to do so.

10        Q.   Sir, I'd like to ask you, from line 9 onward, to follow along

11     with me as I go over this prior testimony of yours.

12              "Sir, I'm going to ask you a couple of preliminary questions.

13     First, I'd like to know, is it fair to state that the number of missing

14     persons includes the people who have perished as a result of land mines,

15     suicide, or the result of legitimate combat engagements in your analysis?

16             "A.  Yes, most probably, yes.

17             "Q.  Do you know what number that is?

18             "A.  No, I don't know the exact number, but I would say most of

19     the cases are related to the surface remains.

20             "Q.  Okay.  With the -- including the surface remains, do you

21     know of any evidence - because I know you've read as your addendum, I

22     think, reflected various witness statements and other documents and

23     testimonies in this case - do you know that the number resulting from

24     combat engagements, suicides, and land mines is roughly anywhere from

25     1.000 to 2.000?

Page 15301

 1             "A.  No, I can't say.

 2             "Q.  Would be reasonable in your view?

 3             "A.  Closer to 1.000, perhaps not to 2.000."

 4             And now, sir, first I have to ask you if you can confirm that

 5     this transcript selection appears to accurately depict your answers to

 6     these questions?

 7        A.  Yes.

 8        Q.   And are the answers as reflected given truthful so that you would

 9     so testify again today if asked the same questions?

10        A.  Yes.

11        Q.   Okay.  Now, if we could turn to the next page of this transcript,

12     so it's page 28 in e-court, correlating to transcript page 33594, I would

13     like to revisit the questions and answers there beginning at line 1 with

14     you.

15             "Q. Here is what Mr. Butler said -- you know who he is; right?

16             "A.  Yes, I know.

17             "Q.  He testified on the 23rd of January, 2008, and it starts on

18     page 20212.  And we had a little discussion about that with him, but

19     particularly on page 20251, on lines 12 through 14, for my learned

20     friends, in discussing legitimate combat engagements with respect to the

21     Bosnian Muslim military column that was going through Susnjari and trying

22     to make it through Kladanj and Tuzla, he says, quote, in answer to my

23     question:

24             'Yes, sir.  I mean, I think the 1.000 to 2.000 number would be

25     reasonable with respect to the combat casualties, starting, you know,

Page 15302

 1     from 12 July through the life span of the column which is effectively

 2     18 July.'

 3             "A.  Yes.

 4             "Q.  Do you agree or disagree with Mr. Butler's military

 5     analytical assessment that the casualties as a result of the military

 6     column was anywhere from 1.000 to 2.000?

 7             "A.  Based on the information we have now, I still think it's

 8     closer to 1.000.

 9             "Q.  Okay.  And that's based on what, sir?

10             "A.  Based on the identifications we have for surface remains,

11     which is 648 now."

12             First of all, sir, does this excerpt appear to accurately depict

13     the answers that you gave to these questions in the Popovic case?

14        A.   Yes.

15        Q.   Can you tell me if those answers were truthful so that you would

16     so testify again today?

17        A.   Yes.

18        Q.   Now, just to clarify, the Mr. Butler that was discussed in this

19     transcript, is this the person, a military expert, whom you had

20     referenced today without giving his name as being one of the sources for

21     the investigation that you undertook?

22        A.   Yes.

23        Q.   And you seem to rely here on the number of identified surface

24     remains for your lower estimate of closer to 1.000 killed in the column.

25     Would you agree with me, looking at the surface remains, that -- that

Page 15303

 1     there are about 300 that have not been identified by DNA?

 2        A.   300 of what?

 3        Q.   Surface remains, recovered surface remains.  Or surface remain

 4     cases, I should say.

 5        A.   It's difficult to say how many because we don't know how many --

 6     actually we do know.  I did a statistic on that and I will tell you.  For

 7     756 individuals, it was -- I think it was 1.1 case needed for one

 8     individual to be identified.  So, for example, if you have 1100

 9     individual cases, that would mean - this is again statistically

10     speaking - around 1.000 individuals.

11        Q.   So the question that I have for you, then, is your definition of

12     casualties from the column is almost exclusively, then, those that are

13     qualified as surface remains; is that accurate?

14        A.   Not necessarily but mostly yes.  Because what we have in other

15     graves, there are evidence that these are people who has suffered from

16     the executions.  And then we have the section where we have 756 people

17     found on the surface, and of course there is still I think around

18     800 individuals who are still missing, not being found or exhumed, and

19     identified, so we don't know what happened with those 800.  So it may be

20     that they are one day found on the surface and they will be included into

21     that counting but it may also be that they will be found in mass graves.

22             JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Ivetic --

23             MR. IVETIC:  Yes, Your Honour.

24             JUDGE ORIE:  -- I'm looking at the clock.  I think it's time for

25     us to adjourn.

Page 15304

 1             But before doing so, Mr. Janc, we would like to see you back

 2     tomorrow morning at half past 9.00 -- one second, please.

 3             JUDGE MOLOTO:  Sorry.

 4                           [Trial Chamber confers]

 5             JUDGE MOLOTO:  Mr. Janc, at page 83, line 8, you are recorded as

 6     having said:  "So, for example, if you have 1100 individual cases, that

 7     would mean - this is again statistically speaking - around 1.000

 8     individuals."

 9             THE WITNESS:  Yes.

10             JUDGE MOLOTO:  Did you say 1100?

11             THE WITNESS:  No, it's 1.000.  For example, if you have 1.000

12     identified individuals and for one individual, statistically speaking, by

13     now it's 1.1 case needed so it will -- it means that 1.000 individuals

14     will occupy 1.100 cases.

15             JUDGE MOLOTO:  Okay.

16             JUDGE ORIE:  If I understand you well that means that if you have

17     1100 cases, that there would be a hundred of those cases which could be

18     linked to a hundred of the remaining cases which would reduce the total

19     number of persons to 1.000, there being 100 double countings due to two

20     cases referring to one person?  Perhaps I have not been very clear.

21             THE WITNESS:  Yes, you know, it's again statistically it's

22     difficult to say how many of them have not yet been tested but still,

23     yes, statistically speaking, you need 1100 cases for 1.000 individuals.

24             JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Then having verified this, we would like to

25     see you back tomorrow morning at 9.30.  I would like to instruct you that

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 1     you should not speak or communicate in whatever way with whomever about

 2     your testimony, whether that is testimony you've given today or testimony

 3     still to be given tomorrow.  You may follow the usher.

 4             THE WITNESS:  Yes, I understand, Your Honour.  Thank you very

 5     much.

 6                           [The witness stands down]

 7             JUDGE ORIE:  Meanwhile before we adjourn, and seeking the

 8     indulgence of all those assisting us, I'd like to very briefly deal with

 9     a few matters.  I really keep it short.

10             The Defence has requested an extension of 60 days to respond to

11     the Prosecution's motion to admit evidence from the bar table concerning

12     the SRK and VRS materials related to the siege of Sarajevo.

13             The Chamber notes in this regard that while the motion concerns a

14     large number of documents, most are only one or two pages in length.  The

15     Chamber therefore grants the request in part, allowing an additional

16     30 days to respond and hereby sets a new deadline of the 13th of

17     September.

18             The Defence has also requested an extension of 21 days to respond

19     to the Prosecution's 32nd motion to admit evidence pursuant to

20     Rule 92 bis, and as a preliminary matter, the Chamber notes that although

21     the Defence motion makes a single reference to a requested deadline of

22     the 4th of October, the Chamber considers this to be a typo, since the

23     remainder of the motion refers to a 21-day extension which would make the

24     new deadline the 4th of September.  After considering the relative length

25     and the complexity of the Prosecution's motion, the Chamber hereby grants

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 1     the Defence request for a 21-day extension and sets a new deadline of the

 2     4th of September.

 3             The last issue I will deal with.

 4             On the 15th of August the Defence filed a motion for an extension

 5     of the deadline to respond to the Prosecution's 11th motion to add

 6     documents to the 65 ter exhibit list.  The Chamber notes that the Defence

 7     motion appears to mistakenly request both an extension of 30 days, with a

 8     deadline of the 16th of September, and an extension of 60 days with a

 9     deadline of the 14th of October.  The Chamber is seeking clarification

10     from the Defence on this matter before we will be able to decide.

11             MR. IVETIC:  Can we let you know first thing in the morning,

12     Your Honour?

13             JUDGE ORIE:  First thing in the morning and then you'll have to

14     wait for a decision until we have received that information.

15             Then we will adjourn for the day and we'll resume tomorrow, the

16     20th of August, at 9.30 in the morning, in this same courtroom, III.

17                           --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 2.21 p.m.,

18                           to be reconvened on Tuesday, the 20th day of

19                           August, 2013, at 9.30 a.m.