1 Friday, 15 February 2002
2 [Defence Opening Statement]
3 [Open session]
4 [The accused entered court]
5 --- Upon commencing at 9.30 a.m.
6 JUDGE MAY: Yes, Mr. Milosevic.
7 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] I think that I have presented ample
8 arguments against the false allegation of the Prosecution that for the
9 Serb refugees from Republika Srpska and Krajina, that we had settled them
10 in Kosovo and Metohija and changed the composition of the population
11 there. I have data showing that there was a total of 5.000 refugees in
12 Kosovo from Republika Srpska and the Serbian Krajina.
13 In relation to the total number of refugees in Yugoslavia, that up
14 until the war and after Dayton reduced from 1 million to 700.000, so in
15 relation to this number of 700.000, 5.000 is less than 1 per cent. Or to
16 be quite precise, it is 0.7 per cent. And if we bear in mind that the
17 territory of Kosovo counts for 10 per cent of the territory of the
18 country, then it is quite clear that proportionately in this territory,
19 this part of the territory of the country, the number of refugees was
20 fewest, which is only logical because nobody wanted to go there and nobody
21 forced the refugees to go to a particular place. And if this figure were
22 to be compared to the total population, then even the share of 0.7 per
23 cent would become much smaller, in fact, negligible. So the entire idea
24 of the change of the population structure falls, as does the idea on
25 alleged deportations that I have already referred to, but I will come back
1 to that, too, later.
2 I can tell you that not even the terrorists expected such harsh
3 allegations. And the day before yesterday, when the Prosecution ended its
4 opening statement in regard to Kosovo there were celebration over there.
5 And in doing so, I'd like to tell you that you're only encouraging
6 terrorism that is still going on over there, but I'll come back to that
8 Let me continue now. The movement of Albanians from Kosovo was of
9 strategic importance for the Clinton Administration to win the support of
10 the media and public opinion, confirmation and justification for what they
11 were doing. The airstrikes were so fierce that at that time even in
12 Kosovo, even wild boars from the mountain of Cicavica swam over the
13 Cicavica River, something that never happened before.
14 As for the population, I wish to underline that under the threat
15 of bombs, more than 100.000 Serbs also fled to Kosovo. And this is an
16 official figure of the International Committee for the Red Cross in
17 Geneva. And if you had wanted to view the totality in a serious manner,
18 you should not have omitted this because these are figures of the body
19 responsible for refugees, and they are probably the most relevant data
20 that you should have relied on.
21 Anyway, you can look up the figures regarding Serb refugees in
22 Macedonia and you will see how things stand. And surely you have access
23 to those data as well.
24 Therefore, simultaneously with the fierce bombing, the KLA
25 terrorists forced all Albanians that did not leave Kosovo upon their
1 orders and the requests of NATO and under pressure of leaflets and
2 horrific round-the-clock bombing. So they referred to all these Albanians
3 who did not leave Kosovo as traitors because they betrayed the wartime
4 concept which should have created the illusion of an exodus of the
5 population before what you are referring to as the Serb forces. Simply
6 the allegations of Albright, according to -- of Serb deportations needed
7 to gain confirmation. And there were hundreds of cameras waiting at the
8 borders to examine the witnesses of alleged Serb misdeeds and to perform
9 that part of the media war.
10 This same thesis is one of the main tasks that need to be
11 accomplished by this false indictment, to persuade the world that Serb
12 forces performed deportation, which is a notorious lie. However, even
13 towards the end of the second month of the war, all those combined crimes,
14 the bombing and destructive ones, the media and terrorist campaigns still
15 failed to produce satisfactory results.
16 So it was decided that new and bloody and murderous messages
17 should be sent to the Albanians that they had to leave, and that is why on
18 the 13th of May, 1999, exactly one month to the day since the previous
19 massacre and destruction of the Albanian column of -- column of Albanian
20 refugees about which the public was informed yesterday, another mass crime
21 was committed.
22 For one of those crimes - I cannot tell you with precision, but we
23 will find out later whether it was the 13th of May or the 14th of April -
24 for one of those crimes of the bombing of Albanian refugees, we
25 intercepted a talk between the pilot and the command centre and broadcast
1 it on our television. The pilot says that it is not a military column,
2 that he can see tractors, peasants, civilians, and the response from the
3 command is, "Carry out your orders," and he struck at the column.
4 And so on the 13th of May, 1999, on the main road from Prizren to
5 Suva Reka, at a crossroads near the village of Korisa, which is Prizren
6 municipality, NATO forces bombed a column of between 500 and 600 Albanian
7 refugees who were returning to their homes in the village of Korisa. So
8 after two months of war they are still returning home, though you were
9 claiming that the Serb forces are forcing them out. And because they are
10 returning home, they were being bombed by the NATO Air Force.
11 In that massacre, dozens of persons were killed, and according to
12 initial reports, some 50 were killed and many more succumbed to their
13 wounds later. But this is a highly eloquent, though drastic example of
14 the suffering of people to complete the pattern that the aggressor had set
15 as an assignment and an explanation for the crimes it committed in
17 Will you please show the photographs of this crime committed
18 against Albanian refugees, on the 13th of May, 1999. Will you please show
19 photograph by photograph and not two at the same time, because you can't
20 see them well.
21 Carbonised bodies, the remains of the victims.
22 Overturned tractors.
23 This is a semi-carbonised body next to a destroyed tractor.
24 The remains of carbonised bodies of the victims.
25 These are remains of carbonised bodies of three persons in a
1 tractor-trailer, and there's hardly anything left of them to be seen.
2 Carbonised remains beneath the tractor.
3 You see the child that was killed, one of ten babies killed in the
4 column of refugees.
5 Another child from the refugee column killed.
6 Another killed child from the refugee column.
7 One of 26 children that were killed when the column of refugees
8 was bombed. One of 26.
9 Again, carbonised bodies of the victims from the column.
10 Carbonised bodies on the tractor-trailer.
11 A semi-carbonised body.
12 The same images of carbonised corpses.
13 A male victim killed during the raid on the column.
14 The body of a baby killed in the column.
15 A young boy.
16 A child, again.
17 A woman.
18 This is just the ground.
19 This is one of the children.
20 It was not possible to send a more horrific message -- the
21 Prosecutor is probably bored; I see him yawning. A more horrific message
22 could not have been sent to the Albanians who were returning to their
23 villages, that that is prohibited. Who returns will be shot at. He has
24 to pay his disobedience with his life. He has to abandon Kosovo. He has
25 to justify the previous premise that all are fleeing from the Serb
1 forces. And the Serb forces were trying to save them; they assisted them,
2 they transported them to the hospital, even to the most elite medical
3 institutions, even to Belgrade and not to Pristina and other towns in
5 I should now like to draw your attention to the fact that, in that
6 fury of failure and fiasco of the attack on Yugoslavia, and the
7 persistence with which its policy was being implemented, a special
8 characteristic of the bombing was that of inhabited areas.
9 In the south of Serbia there is a small, poor town of Surdulica.
10 Very hard-working people live there. They are known for their diligence
11 and goodness.
12 On the 27th of April, 1999, this small town of Surdulica, in which
13 there is absolutely no facility which might justify it, though there is
14 nothing that can justify the targeting of any facility in an illegal
15 aggression whereby the charter of the United Nations had been violated and
16 which was not allowed by the Security Council, whereby all the norms of
17 international law and the statute of NATO were infringed upon, cannot be
18 justified. But this is a unique crime. Please look and see how a small
19 town in the south of Serbia was totally destroyed.
20 We know from history of individual towns. We know of the village
21 in Czechoslovakia, the only one destroyed by the Nazis during the Second
22 World War, and it remains a symbol of crime. These new ones, this time so
23 many villages were destroyed that each one of them could be a symbol of
24 crime, even for those Nazi days, only many times over in this case.
25 These are the remains of Surdulica, what is left of the town after
1 the airstrikes. For instance, this is the destroyed house from which ten
2 bodies were uncovered.
3 This is the immediate vicinity of where the rocket struck. These
4 are views of the less damaged buildings which were, as you can see,
5 totally destroyed only they were not razed to the ground. And by the
6 degree of destruction it is quite visible that no one inside could have
8 These are also destroyed houses in Surdulica. Virtually one can
9 only see the ground on which they stood. They have been razed to the
11 The same thing. Here the streets and house numbers are indicated,
12 which is not relevant at this point in time for what I am saying, because
13 I'm talking about the town as a whole. You see what the remains look
14 like, as if there was nothing there anyway.
15 And this is a part of the bodies of the victims who were pulled
16 out of the rubble on that first day, because the documents date to that
18 On the 28th of April, another horrific, savage attack on Prizren
19 and Jablanica, also in Kosovo and Metohija. May we now see those
20 pictures, please. Perhaps these photographs are the best commentary.
21 They require no comment, in fact.
22 The old part of the town of Prizren where some 50 houses were
23 destroyed belonging mostly to the Romany people, the Romany ethnic group.
24 Four were killed and 20 other persons seriously injured. That was on the
25 28th of April, 1999.
1 This is another detail. It is another spot where Zuljfiri Drenis
2 died, and Zuljfiri Djula, Becir, Kasandra Zuljfiri, and Maksum Zuljfiri.
3 This is what it says on the caption. That took place on the 28th of
4 April, 1999.
5 Prizren had a mixed population, Serbian, Turkish, and Albanian.
6 In Prizren, people lived a normal life in harmony. And when I visited
7 Prizren on one occasion, everybody told me that, the presidents of the
8 political parties, all the sides, the priests and the imams and the
9 fathers, all of them. And that was precisely the impediment, that kind of
10 life in Yugoslavia.
11 This is one the corpses being taken out from the rubble. Here you
12 can see some feet. They belong to a three-year-old child, a little girl.
13 Some more destroyed houses in Prizren. Again the same thing.
14 Once again Prizren, and some Muslim houses again.
15 This is a bombed village, the village of Jablanica, on the 1st of
16 May. And some 20 houses completely destroyed, more than 50 houses in
17 ruins, people killed.
18 Here these are the houses of the Murati family that were
19 completely destroyed, and the inhabitants died, too, on the 1st of May,
20 1999. Once again the body of Ahmet Murati being taken out from under the
21 rubble, who was killed in Prizren.
22 This is a damaged mosque. It was damaged on the 1st of May, 1999,
23 in that same bombing operation.
24 The Kula settlement in Prizren that was bombed. And there seven
25 people were killed and 15 others seriously wounded, most of them
1 Albanians. About 50 houses were destroyed. And that was on the 1st of
2 May, 1999.
3 This is where the rocket hit, and so on and so forth.
4 This is the total destruction of the houses belonging to the
5 Berisha household. They were Albanians. They were all killed
6 practically, four of them on the spot, and seven were very seriously
8 Here you can see members of the police, the army, and Civil
9 Defence taking out the casualties from the Berisha household. Once again,
10 these people are saving an injured woman from the Berisha house, Meta, in
11 Prizren on the 1st of May, 1999.
12 This is a child that was killed and pulled out from under the
13 ruins, also on the 1st of May, 1999, in the Kula settlement of Prizren.
14 On the 30th of April, a house was targeted in the centre of
15 Belgrade. It was a residential building, undoubtedly so. It could not
16 have resembled any kind of administrative or official building. And on
17 the 1st of May, once again, the villages of Bitanovac and Sacevo [phoen]
18 near Kraljevo. I'm not going to show you these photographs one by one. I
19 will provide a set of photographs to save time, but in this set of
20 photographs you will be able to see the bombing of Sremska Mitrovica and
21 the corpse of a young woman. On the 2nd of May, the bombing of Valjevo.
22 Here you are.
23 These are the destroyed houses in the village of Bitanovac near
24 Kraljevo. This is a whole household destroyed. Zace, near Kraljevo. A
25 whole residential block destroyed in Valjevo on the 2nd of May.
1 Once again, a residential building destroyed, with a number of
2 apartments, also in Valjevo on that same day.
3 This is a residential building in Belgrade in a residential area,
4 but I don't think I need comment when you see that a whole homestead was
5 picked as a target in a small village, as if somebody was training or
6 playing a game and trying to see who he would hit, who he would kill.
7 On the 5th of May, at 1430 hours, which is just about the end of
8 the working day in our country, when people go home from work, a densely
9 populated area of Novi Sad was bombed. It was called the Detelinara, and
10 that was a large neighbourhood, district. The projectiles fell right next
11 to a primary school and in between residential apartment blocks and
12 completely destroyed the apartments and homes in all these residential
13 blocks in that particular street. You will be able to see photographs of
14 that, photographs of Novi Sad. And Novi Sad suffered enormous damages.
15 All the bridges in Novi Sad were destroyed. The Danube was cut off.
16 There was no -- there were no water supplies. Residential areas were
17 targeted in Novi Sad and so on.
18 On the 7th of May, between 0255 to 0425 on two occasions, that is
19 to say, during the night, in the middle of the night when people and
20 children are fast asleep, the residential part of the town of Nis and then
21 the industrial district of Nis were targeted. And the greatest
22 destruction took place in the village of Medosevac in which tens of houses
23 were destroyed and damaged. Many people were killed and wounded.
24 And on that same day, in the middle of the working day, from 11.30
25 in the morning until 11.45, just before noon, the NATO Air Force threw two
1 containers with cluster bombs, and one of them, one of these containers
2 hit the south-eastern part of the town with the medical clinical centre
3 located there. The cluster bombs were fragmented around the hospital and
4 in front of the department of pathology of the clinic, whereas the second
5 container was thrown into the heart of town, which is where the university
6 headquarters of Nis were located as well as the medical centre, a large
7 central city market which at that time of day is full of people. People
8 were killed at stalls. Then we have the Nis fortress, which was a
9 historical monument too.
10 Many people died as a result of the cluster bombs, and we will be
11 providing the public with the list. For practical reasons I'm not able to
12 bring the lists in here and read them out.
13 May we now see, please, a few photographs which will illustrate
14 Nis, what happened in Nis, Medosevac, and the bombing of Novi Sad. It
15 doesn't matter what order you take them in because I have briefly
16 explained what they are about, and I think everybody will be able to see
17 for themselves.
18 These are the destroyed houses in Medosevac. Fourteen people were
19 killed here, although there doesn't seem to be much destruction to houses
20 because the cluster bombs did their job.
21 Here we can see the remnants, remains of the cluster bombs.
22 Cluster bombs, you know, don't destroy houses, but they do kill people,
23 and they are a prohibited weapon.
24 This is the corpse of Ljiljana Spasic. She was seven months
25 pregnant and it lies at the corner and intersection of two streets. She
1 was killed there at that corner where the cluster bombs were used.
2 This is another damaged house in Medosevac. It is one of the
3 approximately 50 houses that were destroyed and damaged on the 7th of May,
5 This is a crater left by a large bomb which practically
6 incapacitated all of the residential buildings in that part of Novi Sad on
7 the 6th of May, 1999. A figure of 100 apartments is mentioned here as
8 having been destroyed or, rather, 100 families left without a roof over
9 their heads. In just that one part.
10 This is part of Djuro Molnar Street where the primary school was
11 damaged and with the residential blocks located around it and cars that
12 have been submerged by the earth.
13 The terrorisation of Novi Sad and terrorisation in general of that
14 part of Serbia is quite a specific goal, target, because in that part of
15 Serbia, 27 ethnic groups live in harmony together. There were never any
16 nationalistic conflicts or incidents, and that is why they had to be
18 On the 7th of May, at 2350 hours, the building of the Embassy of
19 the Peoples' Republic of China was targeted. In that building, the
20 building of the Chinese Embassy, diplomats were killed and journalists
21 were killed, and all the statements that were made as to the error or
22 mistakes that were made are completely untruthful.
23 First of all, they justified it by saying that it was a mistake
24 because there had once stood a military building there and they didn't
25 have an updated plan. That was a notorious lie because the Chinese
1 Embassy in the area of Belgrade was built on an open space of land. It
2 was a modern villa, palace, and many Western diplomats and spies would
3 attend receptions and various ceremonies held in the Chinese Embassy, and
4 they would take back reports about what they were given to eat for dinner
5 and what the furniture looked like in the embassy and what the teacups
6 looked like. And then they say that they didn't know where the Chinese
7 embassy was.
8 The largest number of strategic buildings that were targeted were
9 targeted on the basis of intelligence reports, and all these hundreds of
10 diplomats, all of them supplying information and intelligence linked to
11 targets just didn't simply know where the Chinese Embassy was in
13 It is quite clear, especially when we know that the attack was
14 launched directly, even without the knowledge of some other NATO members,
15 directly from the United States by planes which are only used for
16 strategic targets at long distance, it becomes quite clear that Clinton
17 wanted to go down in history as the first man to have bombed Chinese
18 territory by bombing the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade. Otherwise, when in
19 Rambouillet our legal team -- when our legal team in Rambouillet discussed
20 part of a document which the American representatives offered up, and they
21 made the remark that this was professionally very poorly done, it was
22 poorly written from the legal aspect, the answer he got, a spontaneous
23 answer, was how can you say it was so bad when it written by the same man
24 who wrote the document about the autonomy of Tibet, if you please.
25 This was no accident, just as in the case of many other things
1 related to these matters. Only somebody who is not allowed to see that,
2 or dare not see that, can believe that this is some kind of a mistake, or
3 that somebody did not know.
4 The village of Orljane, by Doljevac, I'm taking this only as an
5 example of an insane, pointless thing. They were targeting peasants who
6 were plowing their fields outside the village. Actually, it was a woman.
7 I will show you the field itself, the maize. There is nothing on this
8 picture. Only if you were to use a magnifying glass, perhaps you could
9 see something in the distance, but there is only this killed woman. This
10 was a savage game where people were targets.
11 On the 11th of May, Murino, near Plav, in the municipality of
12 Plav, in Montenegro, was hit several times, this poor, small town of
13 Murino. The population sought shelter in the surrounding areas, in
14 surrounding villages over there, as in Kosovo, over there like everywhere
15 else where bombs were falling. You will see the pictures from Murino.
16 You will see the pictures of a little boy called Daniel who, on
17 the 16th, in Vrbovac, near Vitina, was killed by a cluster bomb. On this
18 first page it seems as if somebody had shot him from a hunting rifle. He
19 is so badly hit, there are so many small wounds on his body, and on the
20 other picture you will see that his limb was blown off, his leg, and that
21 he was practically turned into an invalid.
22 I did not show you pictures of the building of the Chinese Embassy
23 or the corpses. These images were shown all over the world. I believe
24 that this is not a shortcoming in my statement, and I don't think that the
25 Prosecutor will say that I do not have proof of the Chinese Embassy being
2 Look at this field. There's nothing here and there is the killed
3 woman. They kill a village woman, working in a field, from an aeroplane.
4 Here she is. This is Doljevac on the 11th of May, 1999. The woman's name
5 is Jagoda Mladenovic. She was killed as she was plowing her field.
6 This is an example of bestiality, targeting people this way. This
7 is what the houses that were destroyed near Murino looked like, near Plav,
8 in Montenegro.
9 This is also Murino.
10 This is this small town that such a misfortune had befallen.
11 On the 18th of May, 1999, Jasenica, near Valjevo, was targeted.
12 There is sufficient evidence of that as well, photographs included; also
13 pictures of killed people. You will see Milka Krunic from the village of
14 Jasenica. She was killed in her own house. Also you will see the
15 destruction of the village.
16 On the 21st of May, in Sombor, houses. Sombor is in Vojvodina.
17 You will see more about that as well.
18 On the 21st of May, Djakovica, in Kosovo and Metohija.
19 On the 25th of May, Sabac, at 1305.
20 On the 25th of May, Nova Pazarska Banja.
21 On the 26th of May, at 8.30, the village of Radost, the
22 municipality of Orahovac, between the railroad and the Beli Drim River.
23 Again, it was Albanians that were killed. You will see the corpse of a
24 child, an Albanian born in 1988, from the village of Radost, near
25 Orahovac, among others.
1 On the 26th of May, at 2310 hours, Ralja, a village on the
2 outskirts of Belgrade. This family sought shelter at their weekend
3 cottage, at the house that they originally came from. These two children,
4 Stefan and Diana Pavlovic, were killed while they were asleep in their
5 home. You will see that as well.
6 Could you please have these photographs shown. I'm trying to show
7 these photographs set by set so that you could bear in mind what I had
8 said in connection with that.
9 This is Jasenica, near Valjevo, where Milka Krunic was killed.
10 This is a house that was destroyed on the 18th of May, 1999, in
11 Jasenica, near Valjevo.
12 This is the corpse that I have been speaking about.
13 Fifty houses in Sombor, on the 21st of May, in Vojvodina.
14 This is the street of Vuka Karadzica. The owner was born in
16 A burned house, a demolished house, on the 21st of May, in
18 You can proceed.
19 This is in Djakovica. Ibrahim Cosi, an Albanian who was killed
20 right there in his own house, you can see him here on this picture.
21 This is from Sombor. There is probably another page before the
22 previous one, but let us go on.
23 Also Sombor, the street of Svetisava. Go on.
24 This is in Sabac, when Sabac was targeted.
25 This is Nova Parzaska Banja, over 30 houses in Nova Parzaska
2 In this area near Novi Pazar, there is a population of Serbs and
3 Muslims. This is a corpse of a child, Kajtomika [phoen] Strati, from the
4 village of Kastrati, born in 1988. While he was tending to his flock
5 together with his friends, he was killed by NATO bombs. This is the
7 You can go on.
8 These are corpses of children who were killed while they were
9 asleep. This was during the bombing of Ralja, a village near Belgrade, at
10 11.30 at night. They were in their pyjamas.
11 These were destroyed houses on the 26th of May. These are what
12 the houses looked like. This is Ivanovic, whose daughter Biljana was
13 killed, and so on and so forth.
14 Yesterday I spoke to you about the destruction of a small mining
15 town called Aleksinac, where people work in coal mines, in pits. I spoke
16 of the major crime that was committed by NATO on the 5th of April.
17 On the 28th of May, that is to say, a month and a half later, or
18 perhaps even a bit more than a month and a half later, at 30 minutes past
19 midnight, again Aleksinac was attacked. As a matter of fact, with 14
20 rockets. The centre of the town of Aleksinac was hit by seven rockets,
21 and one hit the area of the municipality of Sverlig as well. And then
22 there is a list of everything that was totally destroyed.
23 Aleksinac should be shown separately. Please, could you show
24 these photographs.
25 Why Aleksinac in such a savage manner and for a second time at
1 that? That's a pointless question, because this entire war was pointless,
2 and it constitutes a crime. Those who come to kill children who are
3 asleep can hardly sleep peacefully themselves if they are human at all and
4 if they have any kind of moral sensitivity.
5 That's the corpse of Biljana Momcilovic.
6 Please go on. Please show the photographs in the same order in
7 which I gave them to you.
8 This is the point of impact where people were killed and wounded
9 on the 28th May. Spring had already started. It's green but there are no
10 more houses left.
11 Please go on. These are destroyed houses. The names of the
12 people who were killed are listed here. Husband, wife, daughter,
13 seriously wounded, killed. Sisters, et cetera.
14 This is also one of the victims from Aleksinac, Dusanka Savic,
15 killed in a neighbour's house.
16 These are also victims of the bombing of Aleksinac. Destroyed
17 houses in Aleksinac again. The dead were pulled out of the rubble. This
18 man was pulled out of the house that you saw a minute ago. Branko
19 Mitrovic is his name. Totally destroyed houses in Uzicka Street in
21 This is the 28th of May in Aleksinac. Eighty houses, most them in
22 Uzicka Street and Niska Street.
23 These are houses destroyed in Petrovaradin near Novi Sad on the
24 29th of May, 1999. This is one of the destroyed houses in Petrovaradin,
25 the settlement of Ribnjak in Novi Sad.
1 On the 29th of May, Cumurlija was bombed near Nis, and here, too,
2 you will see the ruins and the bodies.
3 On the 29th of May Cuprija was bombed again when more than a
4 hundred civilian buildings were destroyed and damaged. You will see some
5 of the points of impact of some of the projectiles on the 30th of May.
6 Family homes were bombed, and the village cemetery in the place Drvenik
7 near Raska. You will also see the houses and the cemetery. The living
8 and dead Serbs, but on these are only the dead, but both the living and
9 the dead were bombed.
10 On the 31st of May, Ripanj, a village near Belgrade. Again you
11 will see the bodies of women. Also on the 3st of May, Ripanj, destroyed
13 The 31st of May, the village of Drazevac, near Obrenovac. Again
14 women were the victims.
15 On the 3st of May, a very heavy airstrike was conducted on Novi
16 Pazar. This is the area I referred to where Serbs and Muslims lived
17 together. They are the dominant ethnic groups. And the attack was
18 against a residential part of Novi Pazar. On the first strike 11 were
19 killed and an enormous number seriously injured. I don't have data for
20 those who succumbed to their injuries later.
21 The elementary school was damaged, so was the medical centre,
22 Jedinstvo, a large number of family homes, the bus station and so on.
23 That was the worst crime that was committed in Novi Pazar since Novi Pazar
24 has been in existence in new Yugoslavia.
25 On the 8th of June, at 0015 hours, again the area of Novi Sad was
1 attacked. This time the neighbourhood of Sangaj. Because it is quite
2 obvious, as the dates indicate, residential districts and settlements were
3 always struck at night when they were sure that people were asleep inside
4 and they would get killed.
5 You can show this set of photographs, please. This is Cumurlija
6 with which this series of photographs begins. I mentioned the woman who
7 was killed.
8 This is Cuprija, the air raid of the 29th of May, 1999. One
9 hundred civilian buildings destroyed and damaged in Cuprija on that day.
10 A small town. One hundred civilian buildings.
11 This is the point of impact of one of the projectiles, again in
12 Cuprija. These are destroyed family homes and the village cemetery in
13 Brvenik near Raska on the 30th of May. This is also Brvenik in Raska on
14 the 30th of May. This is the destruction and damage of 17 tombs at the
15 village cemetery in Brvenik near Raska.
16 Next, please. This is Ripanj, a village near Belgrade, showing
17 the house in which the owner, a woman, was killed on the 31st of May,
18 1999. Her name was Slavica Stojiljkovic. Here is her body.
19 This is again in Ripanj, a house destroyed, and the names of the
20 victims. The appearance of the crater in Ripanj, a village near
22 This is Novi Pazar. This is in the vicinity of the bus station.
23 On this spot that you just saw, 11 people were killed. These are
24 destroyed houses in Novi Pazar. You see here people being pulled out of
25 the rubble. Again a view of damaged buildings where Djordje Pantovic was
1 killed in his own shop. This is the victim.
2 Golub Ratkovic, born in 1953. He is from Novi Pazar. Dragan
3 Simovic, born in 1953, also from Novi Pazar. Miodrag Nikic, born in
4 1970. Zvezdana Jajic, born in 1962, also from Novi Pazar. Simic from
5 Novi Pazar. A child, Vladan Simic's child, called Marko Simic, born in
6 1977 in Novi Pazar. Dejan Milosevic, born in 1973, from the village of
7 Saronje near Novi Pazar. The remains of Mirko Roglic, born in 1983, also
8 a victim from Novi Pazar.
9 These are destroyed houses in Novi Pazar, destroyed on the 31st of
10 May. About 40 houses were destroyed on that occasion. A close-up view of
11 some of the houses.
12 On the 20th of May, five minutes after midnight in Belgrade or,
13 rather, over Belgrade, an airstrike was carried out on the Dr. Dragisa
14 Misovic clinical hospital centre. It is a large hospital centre, one of
15 the best known in Yugoslavia. It is situated in Belgrade, as I was saying
16 in the Bulevar Mira or Bulevar of Peace.
17 The neurological clinic was struck of the clinical centre, and
18 patients were killed, of course. Patients were also killed in the
19 intensive care unit. In this strike, all the buildings within the complex
20 of the clinical centre were damaged, including the maternity ward, the
21 gynecology and obstetrics department, and the children's hospital for
22 tuberculosis and lung disease.
23 There is no one in Yugoslavia who does not know of the Dr. Dragisa
24 Misovic clinical centre. And it is also situated in the residential part
25 of Belgrade where virtually all representatives of the Diplomatic Corps
1 reside, at least as far as the ambassadors and senior diplomats are
2 concerned. I will show you a few, only a few, photographs from the
3 Dragisa Misovic clinical centre.
4 I don't think there is any point in my commenting on these
5 photographs. These are all patients from the neurological department of
6 the hospital. The patient is Zora Brkic. The pictures speak for
8 This is the surgical theatre, which was also damaged.
9 Another patient of the neurology clinic. His name was Radosav
10 Novakovik, and he was killed in the hospital.
11 This is the intensive care unit or, rather, what was left of it in
12 the neurological clinic.
13 Please proceed. This is the interior of the central part of the
14 destroyed neurology clinic and the place where the body of Branka Boskovic
15 and Radosav Novakovic were found.
16 These are all victims. Please go on.
17 This is what the destroyed neurology clinic looked like on the
18 20th of May, 1999. Again a view of the buildings of the clinical centre
19 Dr. Dragisa Misovic.
20 This is the institute for urology and nephrology and a patient's
21 room after the raid.
22 I mentioned Surdulica to you, describing it as a small town in the
23 south of Serbia that was bombed and in which people were killed and the
24 town itself virtually razed to the ground. On the night of the 30th and
25 31st of May, 1999, Surdulica was struck again, only this time it was the
1 sanitorium in Surdulica that was directly struck. It is a specialised
2 hospital for lung disease, a sanitorium, in the south-eastern part of
3 Surdulica. And the projectiles fell not only on the hospital for lung
4 patients but also a building of the old people's home and hitting
5 virtually everything in the vicinity.
6 The targeting of the sanitorium, I find it difficult to rank those
7 war crimes, to rate them in any way. You are lawyers whose speciality
8 this is, and you probably have your own idea about that, because all these
9 crimes are grave. But striking a sanitorium full of patients is something
10 that probably the person who did it should explain, and I hope he will.
11 Please be kind enough and show these few more photographs. I've
12 reduced the number of photographs of the sanitorium.
13 These are bodies on the balcony of the sanatorium building. These
14 are photographs taken immediately after the strike so that most of the
15 people were not identified.
16 The head of Dusan Manojlovic, born in 1927, it was found in front
17 of the sanatorium.
18 Stamen Rangelov, from the village of Bozica, in Surdulica, who was
19 killed in the laboratory premises.
20 The bodies pulled out of the sanatorium building. As you can see,
21 a yard full of bodies on that morning.
22 The bodies of a mother and daughter, Bosilka Malobabic and Milena
23 Malobabic. They were refugees from Karlovac.
24 These are again the bodies of victims.
25 These two were refugees from Korenica.
1 Again, victims from Duga Resa.
2 These are the bodies of the people killed in the old peoples home
3 attached to the sanatorium, and their names are listed here. They were
4 from Vladicin Han, the village of Kalemance, which is in the
6 This is again the body of a victim pulled out of the rubble,
7 Napilo Dragic.
8 Again, a victim, a woman, Bogdanka Janjanin, born in 1925, from
9 Vrhin Most.
10 Slavko Popovic.
11 Two hospitals, one after the other. As you saw, the clinical
12 centre Gragisa Misovic, and then the sanatorium in Surdulica; in the
13 former, a clinical ward, and in the latter, an old peoples home as well.
14 I have many documents about the bombing of cultural facilities.
15 But I will place this at the disposal of the public and to you. It
16 consists of 20 pages. I'd rather not read out now those 20 pages of
17 documents, but they refer to the destruction of cultural facilities in
18 Belgrade, in Nis, in Nova Pazar, in the Nova Pazar Banja or spa, in
19 Gucevo, Novi Sad, Vrdnik, Ursac, Kapaonik, Kursumlija, Balenac, Smaila,
20 Zablace, Zvetne, Priline, Svrtenik, Djunis, Krcmar, Pancevo, Grcanica,
21 Draganac, Kragujevac; a large number of facilities, almost as many as in
22 Belgrade. Decani, Goracevac, Cacak, Valjevo, Kadinjaca, Velika Hoca,
23 Sreckovac, Bustranja, Vinca, Belo Brdo, Gornja Nerodimlje, Zitoradja,
24 Smederevo, Palis, Sabac, Gazimestan, Tekeris; the villages in the environs
25 of Kraljevo, close to which such cultural monuments are to be found,
1 Cuprija, Trsnik, Mrsac. I have listed only the names of the localities in
2 which several cultural monuments were bombed, and the review consists of
3 20 pages.
4 I should now like to mention the bombing of the prison.
5 JUDGE MAY: If you're moving on to another topic, that would be a
6 convenient time for the adjournment.
7 Mr. Milosevic, how much longer do you think you're going to be?
8 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] I don't know exactly because, as you
9 know, I have no conditions to prepare in, nor do I have any assistance, so
10 I really don't have any idea how long this could take. But I assume that
11 I've covered one half, I assume I've covered a half. I'm sure I have.
12 One half of what I would like to say.
13 JUDGE MAY: Well, we shall expect you to finish this evening.
14 That will give you two days, which was the same as the Prosecution had,
15 and it seems a reasonable amount of time.
16 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] I don't think you should limit this
17 statement of mine, regardless of whether the Prosecution had two days or
18 not. After all, yesterday --
19 JUDGE MAY: We will determine -- we will determine what is a
20 reasonable amount of time for you to make a statement, as we have to have
21 regard to the amount of time taken up by this trial.
22 Yes, we'll adjourn now until half past eleven.
23 --- Recess taken at 11.00 a.m.
24 --- On resuming at 11.30 a.m.
25 JUDGE MAY: Yes, Mr. Milosevic.
1 THE ACCUSED: [No interpretation]
2 JUDGE MAY: We have no interpretation.
3 THE INTERPRETER: The microphone was not switched on for the
5 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Could you please tell me the amount
6 of time that I have at my disposal to speak.
7 JUDGE MAY: Yes. We've reflected on that. You can have the rest
8 of today and you can have until the first adjournment on Monday. That
9 will be an extra hour and a half; that will be ten hours in all.
10 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] So that means an hour and a half on
11 Monday; is that right?
12 JUDGE MAY: Yes.
13 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Very well. Then I will have to
14 shorten what I want to say, including the documents, because they require
15 a great deal more time.
16 I should like to mention the bombing of the prison in Istok
17 because I have been -- I heard here when the indictment was read out
18 that it was said that the Serb soldiers threw hand grenades and that that
19 was the way that they destroyed that particular prison at Istok, in
21 That particular prison was bombed on the 19th and 21st of May, but
22 I'll skip those photographs. I'll just show you the bare necessities.
23 But in this unfortunate indictment, it says that the Serb policemen used
24 hand grenades, whereas you're going to see a crater made in the reinforced
25 concrete, a crater big enough for a whole train column to pass through,
1 and that the crater had indented the reinforced concrete. And you'll be
2 able to see the victims. Many of the prisoners were killed; 95 prisoners
3 were killed in fact, and 196 detainees were injured.
4 Could you just show these two pieces of paper, these sets of
5 photographs. I won't be showing the others. And while you're doing that,
6 let me say that throughout the aggression the bridges were bombed, Zezelj
7 Bridge on the Danube at Novi Sad was bombed again, the Ostruznica Bridge.
8 Take a look at this photograph and the crater up there. That is
9 where the projectile made a direct hit, hitting the prison. That is just
10 one photograph.
11 Please proceed to the next one. And let anybody say that that
12 damage and demolition was caused by a hand grenade.
13 This is a pavilion where a number of prisoners were killed.
14 Next, please. This is the hallway, the corridor.
15 Next, please. These are the corpses in one of the prison cells.
16 Corpses after the bombing. You can see what it looks like. Have a look
17 here. And whether that kind of destruction can be caused by a mere hand
18 bomb, hand grenade.
19 Look at these bodies under the rubble.
20 Next, please. This is what the bombing looked like.
21 The bombing of bridges continued. The bridge at Ostruznica. I am
22 not going to show you any more photographs.
23 The Sarajevo Bridge in Grdulicka Klisura. The railway and
24 motorway bridge at the village of Toplica. You can see dead people who
25 were killed on the bridge.
1 On the 1st of May, at 1340 hours, on the main road running from
2 Pristina to Nis, at the village of Luzane, the Podujevo municipality in
3 Kosovo and Metohija by the bridge on the Lab River, that was also
4 targeted. They targeted a bus full of passengers, amongst whom many women
5 and children. The bus was hit with a direct hit and cut in two. And in
6 the bus, killed on the spot, were 39 passengers and 13 -- which means that
7 the bus was packed jammed full. The other 13 received serious injuries
8 and some succumbed to them. I can't just skip over that.
9 The bus that was targeted by NATO, killing so many civilians. And
10 already on the 3rd of May -- that was on the 1st of May, whereas on the
11 3rd of May, at Savine Vode, at 1145 to 1330 hours, missiles and cluster
12 bombs were used to target the Pec-Kula-Rozaje regional road. And another
13 bus, once again pack jammed with passenger, running between Djakovica and
14 Podgorica. The passengers were killed in that incident as well.
15 A number of people were killed, a few people were wounded, but you
16 can imagine the state those wounded people were in. But I'm going to
17 cross that out. I'm not going to show you that. I don't want to take up
18 too much time.
19 Let me just show you a few characteristic photographs. I have a
20 set of photographs showing the casualties, the victims. Two busloads in
21 the space of three days or, rather, on the 1st and the 3rd of May in
22 Kosovo and Metohija, which were targeted by NATO, all the civilians and
23 practically everybody else killed, massacred. Altogether over 100
25 There you have them. You needn't show the photographs that have
1 been crossed out because those pictures were taken from far off. Give the
2 close-up ones.
3 This is part of the bus that was destroyed on the bridge.
4 Next, please. Next, please. Next, please. These are the
5 corpses, the carbonised corpses scattered about round the bus that in the
6 hit was scattered to parts around the bridge. The corpses that are still
7 burning. Next, please. Carbonised bodies. Next, please. Once again,
8 carbonised bodies.
9 Next, please. Scattered around the road bodily remains. A male
10 body. Next, please. That was the bus conductor. Next, please. And a
11 little girl that was killed.
12 This woman was identified. Her name was Faza Andonovic.
13 Next, please. An unidentified body here, once again from the
15 Next, please. This is a passenger vehicle in the vicinity of
16 where the people were killed, and the passengers in this vehicle were
17 killed too. The car happened to be nearby. The number plates were from
18 Pec. Milovan Ceklic, he was killed.
19 Next, please. This is his daughter. Milijana was her name.
20 Next, please. That's all.
21 The railway bridge was destroyed between Belgrade and Bucarest
22 near Vrsac. I won't be showing you any more pictures of bridges. The
23 railway ridge at Bogutovac, the railway bridge running from Kraljevo to
24 Kosovo Polje. The road running from Kraljevo to Kosovo Polje. The
25 railway line -- the railway bridge on the railway line across the Ibar
1 River, the bridge across the Niseva River Nis and Velika Morava near
2 Mijatovac. Here you have on the destroyed bridge a car belonging to the
3 Romanian Red Cross with the Red Cross emblem on its roof, both on its roof
4 and both in the front of the vehicle. So two Red Crosses there.
5 The PTT post office building Uzice. The bridge at Velka Plana.
6 The bypass around Cacak. The corpses of passengers who happened to be on
7 the -- their journey. The bridge on the River Lim. On the 11th of May,
8 1999, another attack on at the very Hungarian border, Horgos, that is to
9 say the most northerly part and the bridge in Kokin Brod. The bridge in
10 Murin, the bridge in Vrbas. The overpass in Visoko near Kursumlija, at
11 the Truparske Sume area. The bridge at Vladicin Han on the 18th of May.
12 The bridge across the Jasenica River in Velika Plana near Belgrade.
13 The Cekavica bridge at the Jablanica River. The Djenova bridge
14 once again on the Jablanica River. The corpses lie beside the roadside
15 next to the bridges that were targeted, that were hit.
16 On the 30th of May, at 1305 hours and at 1315 hours in Varin the
17 bridge across the Velika Morava River was hit at a religious holiday when
18 there were several thousand people on the bridge and several hundred
19 civilians on the bridge itself who were easily visible at 1305 hours in
20 the daytime, during the day on that day. The people were killed. You can
21 see the bodies of the victims. Many victims. Just take a look at these
23 One hour later from the time of the hit they came again to target
24 again when they knew that the first aid teams were on the bridge giving
25 first aid assistance to the casualties, and they came back to kill even
1 more people. Amongst those people were -- was a girl. Her name was Sanja
2 Milenkovic. She was a mathematical genius. She was born in 1983. And we
3 have a school certificate of hers here, a school report.
4 On 29th of May, 1999. The Television Novi Sad building was
5 destroyed and completely demolished. I'm not going to show you
6 photographs because you have shortened my time, the time I have at my
8 The bombing between the 1st and 2nd of May took place of the water
9 supply system without -- which left a large part of the town of Pristina
10 without water. Most of Pristina was left with its water supply cut off.
11 And then we had the bombing of all the infrastructure. The
12 electric power facilities on the Nikola Tesla in Obrenovac electric power
13 plant, thermal power plant. Then we have the bombing of the factory of
14 Cer, Cacak. I don't have enough time to show you all those photographs of
15 the complete destruction and demolition. It was one of the largest
16 factories in Serbia, giving a livelihood to most of the citizens in
17 Cacak. Another case in point was the Prva Iska factory near Belgrade, the
18 mining and smelting basin of Bor, the sole major producer of copper in
19 Europe. That was bombed too, along with the complex of factories, the
20 Krusik in Valjevo on the 18th of May. A repeated bombing. You can see
21 the factories that were destroyed and razed to the ground. Vinacka Morava
22 in Gnjilane. That was on the 19th of May.
23 And we see the corpses of Sabija Cijan, for example from Binacka
24 Morava. Dzevat Ademi from Gnjilane, and so-and-so forth. The Mladost
25 company in Gnjilane. Once again dead bodies, both male and female. I
1 would say more female ones, actually.
2 Borovo Boreli [phoen] and Sombor on the 25th -- 21st of May. The
3 thermoelectric power plant Veliki Crnjenik at Lazarevac. I'm not going to
4 show those photographs either. The thermoelectric power plant Urbica and
5 at Obrenovac. I'm not going to show those photos either. The
6 Elektroindustriaja facilities in Nis and the Bezanijska Kosa. It's an
7 entire field the size of several football fields and Vojvodina gets its
8 electricity from there as well as the Bezanijska Kosa electric power
9 plant, which is instrumental for electricity in Belgrade. And when
10 there's no electricity in Belgrade, there's no water, there's no heating,
11 there's nothing which electricity enables us to have.
12 The centres in Sombor. All the facilities ranging from hospitals,
13 maternity wards, the water facilities and resources, passenger buses,
14 trains, all prohibited by the Geneva Conventions and Protocols and all the
15 other norms of international law; that is to say, war crimes, in fact,
16 crimes of genocide, and crimes against humanity.
17 The warehouses of fuel, all of them were bombed and destroyed, and
18 most of them created a real ecological catastrophe. This is an
19 incomparably greater damage, ecologically speaking. Much great ecological
20 damage was done to nature and the ecology, more than the factories
21 themselves and the material damage that this caused.
22 I have set this out in a very restrictive -- I have been selective
23 and had to move fast with respect to the civilian facilities destroyed in
24 the NATO aggression on Yugoslavia in which all these crimes were
25 committed. All the crimes that I mentioned a moment ago were committed.
1 Now, I'm asking you, what kind of Tribunal can you talk about if
2 you refuse to try people for all these crimes, the crimes committed by the
3 leaders and governments and army of the NATO pact countries that I
4 enumerated, that I quoted, on the territory of Yugoslavia. And you call
5 yourself a war crimes Tribunal for crimes committed on the territory of
6 Yugoslavia. Not even in the Security Council Resolution which set you up,
7 although it was unlawful in taking that Resolution, but not even in that
8 Resolution with respect to crimes in Yugoslavia are the Americans, French,
9 or anybody else exempt. And nowhere is it written that those are the
10 crimes that should be tried in Yugoslavia. And not only the ones that you
11 say were committed by the Serbs.
12 So you yourselves have interpreted your competencies and
13 authorities in terms of reference that you -- that some perpetrators of
14 crimes were exempt, but that you try only those who defend themselves from
15 attackers in their homes, and you refuse to consider those attackers as
16 being responsible and the true perpetrators. You keep repeating the fact
17 that this is a trial of the side that defended herself -- itself. And
18 thus you have defined yourself as the exponents of the side that
19 perpetrated the crimes and as accomplices in crimes against somebody who
20 defended themselves on their own territory.
21 You say that you are not trying Yugoslavia or Serbia but that you
22 are trying me personally. However, I have put forward a series of
23 arguments which you yourselves have put forward here. You have said that
24 you are going to try everyone, but you tell me I am responsible by virtue
25 of a chain of command, a command responsibility that exists in no laws.
1 That means that the armed forces of Yugoslavia whom I commanded committed
2 a crime in defending their country, in defending their people. So you are
3 actually holding a trial of a whole country here, a country that stood up
4 in defence against its attackers.
5 You are confronted with obvious forgeries here. You saw
6 everything that was on the tape played yesterday. You see that the
7 Prosecutor abides by Walker's lies which were refused. And as the
8 Prosecutor is well aware of the truth because you have seen the statement
9 given by the forensic experts from Finland, for example, Mr. [sic] Ranta.
10 She said, rather, that she handed in a report of her findings to the
11 Prosecutor, which means that the false indictment has been rigged and that
12 the truth has been hidden on purpose.
13 Not only that. Over the past two days, the Prosecution has shown
14 pictures from a camp in Bosnia-Herzegovina, but they are false images. In
15 view of the fact that the Prosecutor showed these images, I have a
16 videotape which shows that this is -- this lie is in the functions of an
17 anti-Serb propaganda, that it is rigged, that it has been mounted.
18 I don't want to enter into the question of this camp in Bosnia,
19 but I do want to say that these are false television programmes in order
20 to bear out this anti-Serb policy.
21 Now, if I think that I have enough time to play my own video
22 cassette, then you will be able to see that these pictures that we saw and
23 that the Prosecutor showed false images and photographs which have gone
24 all round the world to Satanise the Serb people because this is -- what
25 we're dealing with here is an English, let's say, journalist, if we can
1 call her that, a journalist who came to a collection centre for refugees
2 who were free. They could move around neighbouring villages, buy their
3 own food, and came there to seek refuge from the war, destructions of
4 war. And then she entered this collection centre which is -- has a wire
5 mesh around it because it was a warehouse. And then it was from this
6 warehouse that she filmed inside and talked to the detainees, and she
7 wanted to make it appear as if they were behind this wire mesh.
8 And this is a subject that was raised by the public. I will, if
9 time allows, show this videotape. If I don't have enough time, I shall
10 just hand it over to the public and then the public can become acquainted
11 with it and all the falsities. Let alone the Racak ones and the refugees
12 at Kosovo and Metohija which we have alleged to be settled. There was a
13 negligible amount of refugees there, below 1 per cent, 0-point-something
14 per cent, and so on and so forth, without enumerating all the forgeries
15 that have been used.
16 Now I'm asking the public: If the Prosecutor knows that something
17 has been rigged and is false but nevertheless uses it, can he be -- can
18 he do his duty? Judge May, I'm sure you know the British court's ruling
19 that if a Prosecutor is not executing his business properly, he must be
20 stopped from continuing it, and the abuse of due process.
21 We have been talking about justice and fairness, as far as the UN
22 is concerned, concerning the function of the Prosecutor, but let us not go
23 into that because these categories are thousands of miles away from all of
24 this. I'm just talking about plain forgeries here.
25 Of course, you also know about rulings concerning abuse of due
1 process if habeas corpus is not taken into account. I'm really surprised
2 that even the amici curiae did not react to the fact that habeas corpus
3 was not dealt with. You appointed them yourself, and they, as lawyers,
4 should know what kind of weight this kind of legal argument carries.
5 I'm addressing the public here and I'm calling upon the
6 professional public to react according to their professional conscience.
7 A lawyer does not have the right to remain silent before such drastic
8 examples of abuse of proceedings and violations of the law. I am
9 expecting you to state what you have to state in relation to the abuse
10 committed by the Prosecutor and all of this in the public eye.
11 As for these false accusations and my arguments, first and
12 foremost, as far as the truth is concerned, before the world public, I
13 should indeed avail myself of my right to cross-examine and examine
14 witnesses of all these events in view of the peace process, in view of the
15 decisions, in view of the policies and realisation of these policies,
16 notably in relation to crimes.
17 I'm going to call witnesses here and I want it to be possible for
18 me to question Clinton and Albright and Kinkel and Schroeder and Kohl and
19 Dini and Vollebaek and Kofi Annan and Sharping and Dole and the American
20 team at the Dayton Accords, and all those who were present during the
21 signing of the Paris Agreement, that is to say, everybody except for Blair
22 and Schroeder whom I did not talk to. All the rest I talked to
23 personally. I had personal contacts with all of them, of course official
24 contacts, and I discussed these matters that are at stake with them and
25 all of this is related to this.
1 As for this list of foreign witnesses, I'm going to submit this
2 through my associates when I finally compile this list. As for the list
3 of witnesses from home, I'm going to submit that when the Prosecutor takes
4 care of his business.
5 According to what you did in terms of this false accusation and
6 indictment put forth by the OTP, it seems that you are charging me with so
7 many crimes, so in addition to explaining the causes and consequences of
8 the crimes committed over my country and my people, it will be important
9 to clarify an answer to a question: How come I enjoyed general support in
10 1995, 1997 and 1998, and so on? And even now, after a decade, I am
11 charged with genocide no less in 1991, 1992, 1993, whatever, but at any
12 rate before these negotiations that were being held. And all these
13 political and material circumstances have to be taken into account.
14 I am going to indicate some more of them now and I will deal with
15 others later. Now I'm going to speak about the crimes of genocide in
16 Kosovo, committed after the security mission came; namely, KFOR, and also
17 the civilian UNMIK mission of the United Nations, or rather, after the
18 10th of June, 1999.
19 Grave crimes were committed there against humanity, the crime of
20 genocide and other war crimes. And also there is evidence of that, of
21 direct cooperation in the commission of these crimes between the occupying
22 troops - that's what they turned into - from being the Protection Force of
23 the UN, they, on the one hand, and on the other hand the KLA that
24 continued to loot, plunder, kill everybody and everything that was not
25 Albanian in Kosovo including part of the Albanians themselves.
1 Resolution 1244 from 1999 of the Security Council of the UN makes
2 it incumbent upon this mission to provide peace and security for all of
3 the inhabitants of Kosovo. However, facts have shown that KFOR did not
4 carry out its mission. These countries, through their contingents in
5 Kosovo in fact control certain sectors of Kosovo, but they are supposed to
6 provide basic protection to ethnic and religious communities in Kosovo.
7 And they are duty-bound to do that on the basis of various international
8 covenants including conventions on the prevention on any kind of
9 discrimination. They have not done this.
10 The result of their presence is 3.000, that is to say, under their
11 protection, 3.000 killed Serbs. Mostly Serbs, but other non-Albanian
12 citizens as well. Even some Albanian citizens; 2.500 were kidnapped, and
13 nothing is known about 1.300 of them. And their families are afraid that
14 they have been killed too. Most of them are Serbs. Several tens of
15 thousands of houses were burned, primarily Serb houses. Private and
16 socially owned property was taken away by force. Crimes were committed.
17 And over 360.000 Serbs and other non-Albanians were expelled and they were
18 under the protection of the United Nations. 360.000, including, for
19 example, 10.000 Croats from Janjevo, in Vitina, where they had lived
20 primarily. And then also churches were razed to the ground and holy
21 places of the Serbs.
22 We have seen a countless number of times on CNN - I'm not
23 criticising this - but a countless number of times we saw the Taliban
24 destroying the Buddha statue in Afghanistan. That is vandalism, no
25 doubt. However, under the protection of the United Nations, in the
1 presence of their troops, 107 churches were destroyed in Kosovo and
2 Mehotija. I did not see a single one of them. Not to mention abuse of
3 the kind that was committed.
4 The gravest crimes committed by Albanian terrorists occurred with
5 the benevolent attitude of KFOR, and until now, practically no
6 perpetrators of crimes over Serbs and other non-Albanians were found. For
7 example, in Ugljari, KFOR hid the massacred bodies of Serbs for months,
8 and in this way they were accomplices in these crimes. And also when the
9 relay station in Mokra Gora was destroyed, they were also involved in this
10 crime. All the crimes from the 10th of June were committed in the
11 presence of UN forces.
12 Where is the responsibility there? Do you apply the same rule to
13 them, that they knew or had reason to know? Who is going to convince
14 anyone that somebody did not know what was happening 100 metres away from
15 their base? But I'll get to that later.
16 Almost not a single provision of Resolution 1244 of the Security
17 Council of the UN was carried out. The number of killed Serbs went up day
18 after day, and the number of crimes as well. Only the day before
19 yesterday, bombs and hand grenades were thrown in a village near Kosovska
20 Kamenica. I have this written down and I'll get to that later. This
21 shows that this chain of crimes has not been cut off yet. It is February
22 2002 now and they have been there since the 10th of June, 1999.
23 Plunder, looting, terror, torchings, taking property to Albania,
24 all of that continues. Instead of protecting borders, KFOR allowed
25 several hundreds of thousands of citizens of Albania and Macedonia to
1 enter Kosmet. After that it is quite clear -- I realise I have to speak
2 slower for the interpreters. On the other hand, my time is so short.
3 I'll try to strike a balance between the two.
4 After everything, it is quite clear that the objective of NATO
5 aggression against Yugoslavia is the realisation of strategic objectives
6 of certain states which has nothing to do with the protection of human
7 rights; all of this is done at the expense of the gravest possible
8 violations of human rights. These states formed, financed, coordinated
9 and supported, until the present day, Albanian terrorist groups, and they
10 started doing that before 1998 in order to create a reason for
12 Instead of manning further the verification commission of the OSCE
13 in Kosovo on the basis of the agreement reached between Yugoslavia and the
14 OSCE on the 16th of April, up to the number of 2.000 staff numbers, that
15 was supposed to be the largest OSCE mission, in Rambouillet, in Clabere
16 [phoen], they were supposed to influence the Albanian representatives that
17 would be conducive to a reasonable agreement.
18 Yesterday I spoke to you about this, what the only difference
19 was. We insisted that also this should be based upon the principle of
20 equality of all rights of all citizens and of all ethnic communities. It
21 seems to me that this is a well-known thing throughout the world, that
22 that is the best kind of solution for such a population pattern.
23 During the aggression, in the clashes between these terrorist
24 groups and the army of Yugoslavia, they intervened on the side of these
25 terrorist groups and they were bombing the units of the Yugoslav army
1 while they were fighting these terrorist groups. They promoted these
2 people into some kind of new forces of law and order in Kosovo. And
3 finally, they have not done a thing to prevent these same groups in the
4 commission of new crimes.
5 I am not going to read further figures concerning the number of
6 persons killed. I have already said that 3.000 persons were killed. I'm
7 not going to read lists and other pieces of information about those who
8 were wounded, injured, beaten up, all of this while they were enjoying UN
9 protection. Also, I'm not going to read the number of persons kidnapped,
10 abducted. I have already said that nothing is known of the fate of 1.300
12 After all, in Kosovo, the rights of the UN have been usurped by
13 these forces just like these forces and these troops have usurped the UN
14 organisation as such when this court was established.
15 I'm not going to talk about 2 million destroyed books written by
16 Yugoslav and other authors; tens of thousands of icons and other holy
17 objects that were destroyed in Kosovo; entire factories that were
18 transferred to Albania and thrown into scrap yards.
19 Between 250.000 to 300.000 citizens of Albania and Macedonia
20 crossed the border, and all of this in the presence of the heavily armed
21 military and police.
22 We did not have law and order and peace in Kosovo, and when the
23 terrorist activity was at its height in 1998, we had that. This was
24 checked by the verifiers; this was checked by the Holbrooke mission. When
25 we increased the number of police because of terrorism, this number
1 reached 10.024. With 10.000 policemen, nothing of this could have
2 happened; with the presence of 50.000 UN troops, the gravest of crimes are
3 being committed.
4 The crime against the Serbs was not stopped. The latest
5 information I have deals with the 13th of February, when hand grenades
6 were thrown at Serbs in the village of Kolatec, near Kosovska Kamenica.
7 Already on the 12th of June, so that is the day after this
8 responsibility for the safety and security of all the citizens of Kosovo
9 and Metohija was taken over, as the Resolution says, automatic gunfire was
10 opened against the Belacevac workers.
11 On the 12th of June, Dobnice and Novo Selo were attacked, in the
12 municipality of Prizren, by Albanian terrorists. On the 13th of June,
13 they attacked Serb houses in old Kacanik. On the 13th of June, they
14 opened fire against members of the police who were in the village of
15 Ljubis, in the municipality of Orahovac, and the village of Studencani,
16 the municipality of Suva Reka.
17 On the 13th of June, in the villages of Gotovosa and Drajkovac, in
18 the municipality of Strbce, they opened fire from automatic rifles and
19 mortars against the villagers from this village.
20 On the 14th of June, in Zaskok, in the municipality of Urosevac,
21 they shot at a column of refugees. I should deal with this briefly in
22 order to save the time that I have and that you have made shorter for me,
23 but I hope that I will be able make all of those points that are
24 sufficient to illustrate all of the things that are taking place under the
25 protection of the UN in Kosovo.
1 On the 15th of June, in Urosevac, they barged into factories and
2 other institutions.
3 On the 17th of June, in Pristina, they carried out an armed attack
4 against a refugee camp.
5 On the 20th, from the territory of Albania, they attacked the
6 villages in the municipality of Dragas. Dragas is an area that is
7 populated by Muslims, by the Gorani. But Albanian terrorists cannot
8 tolerate anyone who is not an Albanian.
9 On the 28th of June, in the village of Miloseve, the municipality
10 of Pristina, again an armed attack on Serb houses, including the throwing
11 of hand grenades and bursts of gunfire from automatic rifles.
12 In June and July 1999, the territories of Gnjilane and Kosovska
13 Kamenica, major forces of the KLA were set up with about 1.000 terrorists
14 who had come from Albania. Every day, from automatic rifles and hand-held
15 rocket launchers and mortars, they opened fire every day, every day in the
16 months of June and July against Ranilo, Pasjane, Odovce, Rajanovci, Bosje,
17 in order to speed up the expulsion of the non-Albanian population, and all
18 of this permanently, day in, day out, with the presence of UN troops.
19 On the 13th of July, in the village of Movila, with bombs and
20 mortars and Molotov cocktails, they attacked Serb homes. I cannot read
21 out all the data because it is taking up my time. But I will say that
22 during the attack on the Bocic house, six members of his household were
23 tied up, the house locked and the house set on fire with a Molotov
25 On the 14th, they forced workers in Prileznica out of their
1 workplaces. On the 14th, they threw a grenade at a Serb house in
3 On the 15th of July, in Urosevac, they blew up a cafe called
5 On the 18th of July, in the area of Vitina, they carried out a
6 terrorist attack and threw hand grenades and opened fire on an entire
7 refugee column of Serbs. And at least the column should have been
8 protected by KFOR, at least the moving columns that were leaving Kosovo.
9 On the 25th of July, Albanian terrorists shelled Vrbovac inhabited
10 exclusively by Serbs in Vitovo municipality. I will skip over many of
11 these incidents.
12 On the 10th of August, in Kosovska Mitrovica, two projectiles were
13 fired at the northern part of this city inhabited by Serbs, hit buildings,
14 and attempted to enter them, and only then, after this act of violence,
15 did KFOR stop them from breaking in and causing even greater bloodshed,
16 because they saw that they wouldn't be able to do it easily.
17 On the 26th of August, in the village of Pones, in Gnjilane
18 municipality, again automatic fire was opened on citizens and Serbs as
19 they were working the fields.
20 I shall leave out things because of the time, many things.
21 On the 16th of September, in Lipljan, hand grenades were thrown at
22 Serb family homes in the immediate vicinity of the KFOR headquarters.
23 On the 22nd of September, in the village of Kmetovci, in Gnjilane,
24 they attacked with automatic rifle fire vehicles that were moving and they
25 killed a father and son that were in the vehicle.
1 On the 25th of September, in the village of Svinjare, Albanian
2 terrorists and their commanders broke in and opened fire, bursts of fire
3 in the village. And when the citizens reported this to KFOR, who must
4 have heard it because one can hear rifle fire, their patrol, instead of
5 arresting them, made it possible for the terrorists to leave.
6 On the 25th of September, bursts of fire against the Pasjane
7 village in Gnjilane municipality, once reported to KFOR, the next day they
8 intervened and they accused a Serb, Milorad Krstic, of opening fire and
9 searched his house, claiming that he was concealing weapons that had been
10 used in the attack.
11 There are more killings here that were committed. Opening fire on
12 passenger vehicles of Serbs, throwing of hand grenades, stoning a group
13 of, for instance, 154 Serb citizens, on the 27th of October, 1999, in
14 Djakovica, men, women, and children.
15 On the 28th of November, in Gnjilane, two groups of 1.000
16 extremists each in Stojana Trojica Street, inhabited exclusively by Serbs,
17 demolished 50 Serb houses. Gnjilane, in Kosovo terms, is a large town and
18 there is a KFOR headquarters there. And to demolish 50 houses in their
20 On the 29th of July, 1999, in Donja Dubica, 100 metres from the
21 administrative border of the Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija,
22 they fired at and killed a citizen by the name of Dejan Djordjevic.
23 On the 22nd of July, in Prizren, they attacked Muslims, and when
24 KFOR members arrived on the spot, they could not guarantee their safety
25 and they had to leave Prizren. And they had set fire to their house,
1 seized the vehicle of that Muslim family, money, et cetera.
2 On the 28th of July, with sticks and axes they took out Dzafer
3 Selimovski and Skender Arif, Mehmeti Ruzdi, Albanians and Muslims,
4 therefore. They beat them up and plundered them.
5 On the 15th of August, an armed attack on the Dzum in Prizren
6 municipality, inhabited by Albanians of Roman Catholic faith who were
7 celebrating a religious holiday on that day. After that the inhabitants
8 of the village of Dzum left en masse.
9 At the end of September 1999, masked Albanian terrorists broke
10 into Semso Mucevic's house, also a Muslim as you can judge by the name.
11 They beat him and his wife up and stole their property.
12 In September 1999, they set fire to the shop of Salija and Ahmet
13 Sarda, also Muslims.
14 In mid-October 1999, the villages of Lepnica and Sasovci, in
15 Vitina municipality, of Croat ethnicity, were threatened to be killed if
16 they did not move out within ten days. After that the remaining 300 Croat
17 villagers, led by the priest Nikola Duckic, of Roman Catholic faith,
18 decided to move out of Kosovo province.
19 On the 1st and 2nd of November in Gnjilane they threw five
20 grenades at apartments of non-Albanians but Muslims, all of them Muslims.
21 On the 3rd of December in the village of Orasje, Pec municipality,
22 they entered a part of the village inhabited by members of the Romany
23 ethnic minority, beat them all up and set their houses on fire.
24 On the 20th of December, in the village of Dobrocane, Gnjilane,
25 under constant threat they forced out all Romany families.
1 In mid-December 1999, also in Gnjilane, in the Presoevo Street,
2 they threw hand grenades at Romany houses, and at the beginning of
3 December, they also forced out Romanies and Muslims from the village of
5 Because of my considerable isolation, I am not able to get hold of
6 other data, but there's obvious collaboration in a common criminal effort
7 of the KFOR and the terrorists. I think what I will now add will be
8 sufficient and which you probably don't know. I draw the attention of the
9 public to this information, too, which shows that the Albanian terrorists
10 didn't have an easy time to force out 360.000 people, and what -- all the
11 other things they had to do in their savage and criminal behaviour with
12 the permission of the KFOR and the UN police, UNMIK. And I don't know
13 where the public opinion that is listening to this can believe that on
14 such a small area as Kosovo is 50.000 troops doesn't know nor has reason
15 to know of all these things that are happening.
16 I shall read out only the drastic examples of crimes committed, of
17 plunder, torching, and killing to force them out. If they had forced them
18 out in the most decent way, it would have been a crime. If 1 per cent of
19 this had been done while we were in power there, that would have been a
20 crime that would have been ringing all over the world. This was done in
21 the presence of 50.000 troops of the UN and the UN mission in Kosovo and
22 Metohija, and this is something that the whole world should know.
23 Between the 12th and the 17th in the village of Orlane and
24 Podujev, they plundered, set fire to a house and all farming facilities of
25 peasants. On the 19th, they broke into the Suncani Breg settlement, set
1 fire to apartments in several apartment blocks.
2 On the 19th in the village of Sleovo, they plundered and set fire
3 to Serb houses and forced the inhabitants to move out.
4 On the 20th, they set fire to virtually all Serb houses in the
5 municipalities of Istok and Vucitrn.
6 I'm talking about the territories of four municipalities and
7 almost all Serb houses. I'm not talking of isolated cases.
8 On the 20th of June, in the settlement of Goles, Lipljan
9 municipality, they plundered and set fire to all Serb houses. On the 22nd
10 of June, in the village of Orlovic, Pristina municipality, Albanian
11 terrorists set fire to all Serb houses and forced the villagers from the
12 village in the presence of the United Nations and under the auspices of
13 the United Nations.
14 On the 22nd of June, in the villages of Nedokovac, Nevoljani, and
15 Vrbica, Vucitrn municipality, they plundered and torched all Serb houses
16 in the presence of the protective forces of the United Nations.
17 On the 24th of June, in the village of Zegare, Gnjilane
18 municipality, they set fire to all Serb houses. During June and the
19 beginning of July, 1999, they plundered and burned down all houses owned
20 by Serbs in the Prizren settlements of Dusanovo and Potkaljaj in the
21 presence of the UN.
22 On the 28th of June in Obilic, in the Subotic settlement, Qerim
23 Abazi's house was set on fire. And he was a member of the provisional
24 executive council president of the Democratic Party of Egyptians.
25 Under the auspices of the UN, at the beginning of June 1999, 22
1 houses were set on fire in the village of Kovatin [phoen] near Kosovska
2 Kamenica and many houses in the village of Lestari and Donji Sipastica.
3 Albanian terrorists, at that point in time and in the period I have
4 mentioned, forced out of this area the entire population of other ethnic
5 groups, Muslims, Turks, Romanies, Egyptians, Croats, all of them.
6 On the 3rd of July, in the village of Milosevo, in Pristina
7 municipality, a large number of houses out of a total of 100 that were
8 there, 50 Serb families were forced to move out on the spot. I will leave
9 out all the individual cases.
10 On the 11th of July, in the village of Strmac in Kosovska
11 Mitrovica, three Serb houses. On the 12th of July, four Serb houses in
12 the village of Gornji Livoc. Sometimes the number is reduced because
13 others were torched in the previous period.
14 On the 14th of July, in the territory of Kosovska Mitrovica
15 municipality, seven Serb houses under the auspices of the United Nations.
16 On the 15th of July, in the territory of Kosovska Mitrovica, they set fire
17 to, but of course previously looted, 35 houses. On the 16th of July, in
18 the territory of Kosovska Mitrovica municipality, again they plundered and
19 set fire to 62 Serb houses.
20 As I was saying, on the 15th, 35; on the 16th, 62. And Kosovska
21 Mitrovica is one of the largest towns in Kosovo and Metohija. There is a
22 marked presence of KFOR. Can anyone say that they did not know and did
23 not see 100 Serb houses being plundered and burned down in two days and
24 nobody batted an eyelid?
25 On the 16th of July, in Vucitrn municipality, eight houses. On
1 the 17th of July, in the villages of Lubisda and Muzevine, they set fire
2 to all Serb houses and 20 Romany houses in the village of Sinaje.
3 On the 19th of July, they set fire to seven Serb houses in the
4 territory of Kosovska Mitrovica and Vucitrn under the protection of the
5 UN. On the 21st of July, 12 houses in the Kosovska Mitrovica and Vucitrn
6 municipalities. I will not read out the names of the families.
7 On the 21st of July, in Vucitrn municipality, houses were burnt in
8 the village of Taradza. Again, I will not read out the list because my
9 time is limited.
10 On the 22nd of July, again under auspices of the UN in Kosovska
11 Mitrovica municipality, 26 houses.
12 If you were to add up the figures for Mitrovica only and only the
13 figures that I have given here before the cameras and the public, you
14 would see what was done in a single town under the protection of the
15 United Nations.
16 On the 23rd of July, they set fire to an entire Serb village
17 called Klobukar in the municipality of Kosovska Kamenica.
18 In the territory of Vitina municipality in the village of Zitinje,
19 Trpeza, Pozara, Novo Selo, Grnovo, Drobez, Kabas, and Binas, with mixed
20 populations, all the Serb houses were set on fire.
21 On the 28th of July, it was discovered that Albanian terrorists
22 had completely destroyed the villages of Rudnik and Donja Strmic in the
23 village of Suvo Grlo houses were plundered and demolished and burnt. And
24 in the village of Crkolez, only three houses.
25 On the 28th of July in Prizren, they set fire to six houses under
1 the protection of the UN. In the one-time Old Prizren inhabited by
2 members of three ethnic groups, members of Albanian gangs in Urosevac
3 plundered the apartments of all non-Albanians and after that set fire to
4 80 per cent of the houses, family houses.
5 Under the protection of the UN at the beginning of August in the
6 village of Muzicane, Stimlje municipality, they plundered and set fire to
7 all Serb houses. During July and the first half of August in Gnjilane,
8 they plundered and burnt a long list of houses that I have here which I
9 cannot read out because of limited time, but all the figures will be made
10 available to both you and the public.
11 On the 4th of August in Kosovo Polje in Braca Jankovic Street
12 number 26, the terrorists set fire to the houses of Djordje, Slavko, and
13 Goran Lakusic. In order to protect his family and property, Goran Lakusic
14 resisted the terrorists, upon which representatives of KFOR arrested him
15 and took him to prison in Gnjilane.
16 A very recognisable method. He's defending his home. He must be
17 guilty for KFOR sends him to prison. It applies universally.
18 During August 1999, in Ajvalija, Pristina municipality, they
19 plundered and set fire, under auspices of the UN, 12 houses. On the 30th
20 of August, in the village of Krpimej and Lausa, in Podujevo municipality,
21 they plundered and then set fire to all Serb houses.
22 I am leaving out the cases when five, six, or seven houses were
23 plundered or burnt, but I cannot leave out when all the houses or entire
24 villages were burned down under the auspices of the UN for which this
25 Tribunal does not consider to have jurisdiction even though it is the
1 territory of the former Yugoslavia.
2 On the 31st of August, all the houses in Kabas village, Vitina
3 municipality, were burnt down.
4 Furthermore, in the presence of KFOR, Albanian terrorists threw a
5 grenade at a business premises. When the Serb resisted, KFOR members
6 arrested him and his three sons and took him to the village Trstenik and
7 held him in detention there for a week.
8 I shall leave out all the facts and figures about the enormous
9 number of forcible expulsions because particularly in urban environments
10 and particularly in Pristina, people were looted and thrown out of their
11 apartments for them to move into them. So if they needed apartments to
12 move into, they wouldn't set fire to them. They kept that property for
14 And there is a typical example in Pristina, in the Suncani Breg
15 district, which are elite areas. In block 2, five Serb families were
16 thrown out by the Albanian terrorists, and KFOR had on the previous day
17 searched their houses for weapons so that they couldn't resist. So they
18 said to them, "Look, we've searched them. You can freely move into those
20 So endless lootings, countless forcible expulsions.
21 In July, on the 11th, 12th, 14th, 16th, 19th, and the 20th, 21st,
22 and 22nd, in Pristina, in Mitrovica, in Vucitrn, and in Gnjilane, Serbs
23 were en masse thrown out of their houses, looted, and their houses moved
24 into by Albanians. The lists that are still not complete will be made
25 available to you and the public. Countless numbers of killings, plunders,
1 and forcible expulsions. So far they have set fire, plundered, and
2 illegally seized more than 50.000 Serb houses and apartments under the
3 protection of the UN, KFOR and UNMIK.
4 I will leave out acts of sabotage, the destruction of the Kosovo
5 Polje-Kosovska Mitrovica railway, the fire in the TV Pristina building to
6 prevent Serbs from coming to working there. I had photographs here, but I
7 don't have time to show them because it is more important for me to say
8 certain things than to show them.
9 But please show just these two where in the presence of KFOR Serb
10 houses are burning, and in the presence of KFOR Serb villages are
11 burning. Just these two. And then let my associates distribute these
12 others to the public information media, as I don't have a chance to show
13 them here because I have not been given enough time for that. Let them be
14 shown by those who have the courage to show the victims -- the crimes
15 committed against the Serbs.
16 This is a Serb village on fire. And here you see Serb houses
17 burning in the presence of KFOR members.
18 Because of the time, I cannot speak in detail about the
19 destruction of Serb churches, but since the arrival of the KFOR mission --
20 a church is usually a big building. A church is not usually a grain that
21 is invisible or inconspicuous. A church is usually located in the most
22 conspicuous place in a town or village. It can always be visible from
23 several hundred metres away. So it is impossible for KFOR and UNMIK not
24 to have seen all this.
25 And instead of my explanation, I should like to give you as a
1 present a book issued by the Serbian Orthodox Church, which contains a
2 list of 107 Serb churches destroyed and devastated under the auspices of
3 the United Nations. Annexed to the name of each of the churches, the
4 Orthodox has placed the flag of the country within whose area of
5 responsibility the church was destroyed.
6 Many churches date back to the thirteenth and fourteenth century.
7 They were a great cultural treasure. Perhaps there are little other areas
8 in Europe where there were so many Christian churches. There were more
9 than 1.400 in Kosovo and Metohija, including the Pec Patriarchate, the
10 Base of the Serbian Patriarch.
11 I will not read out the names of the churches, but you will see
12 what the ruins look like. I also had photographs to show what the
13 churches looked like before and what they look like now; a heap of
15 But if anyone can explain to world public opinion that it was by
16 accident that in the presence of 50.000 international troops someone can
17 destroy 107 churches in such a short period of time and destroy many of
18 them which are part of the world cultural heritage, that goes beyond the
19 scope of reason and understanding of any normal human being.
20 That is why I have said that as CNN can show us a thousand times,
21 I personally have seen at least 50 times the blowing up of the Buddhas in
22 Afghanistan to show what savagery was being done. Let them tell us the
23 kind of savages that did this and whether any of this they explained
24 anywhere near in such detail. And perhaps the Prosecutor, too, who
25 ridicules the Battle of Kosovo and St. Vitus Day can read out and find out
12 Blank pages inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French
13 and English transcripts. Pages 374 to 380.
1 what it was all about, that the battle of Kosovo was for Serbia and for
2 Europe some 613 or 64 years ago and what it meant.
3 However, from this whole overview, it is obvious that this
4 extensive crime that is ongoing and that this is criminal association of
5 the powers who committed the aggression on Yugoslavia together with
6 terrorist killers and the drug Mafia of Kosovo Albanians who today are
7 killing not only Serbs and also Albanians. Maybe you don't have the facts
8 and figures about it and are not interested in it, but this same killer,
9 Hasim Taci, whose nickname which was given to him by his friends, not by
10 Serbs, a "snake" because he poisoned his enemies, this same killer, Hasim
11 Taci, and a collaborator of NATO and Clark, it is not sure how many of
12 Rugova's associates he had killed. And he would have killed Rugova too if
13 he had not been protected by our police. And our police protected him and
14 nine members of his family and killed an assassinator who tried to jump
15 over the wall and kill him with a muffled weapon, and they were caught.
16 And I saved his life and nine-member family including a baby for whom
17 diapers were bought by our policemen. And I sent him to Italy. I called
18 up Alberto Dini by phone and asked him to send a plane in the middle of
19 the war and sent his family to Italy so that Hasim Taci should not succeed
20 in killing Rugova.
21 Well, of course, we know full well what your newspapers reported
22 about this, not to mention about the other slanderous statements which
23 don't differ anyway from those contained in this indictment.
24 So the instrumentalisation of criminals and terrorists in order to
25 destabilise Yugoslavia and then launch an aggression on my country can be
1 seen in all phases of 1998 and 1999 when the aggression finally took
2 place, and the continuation of a concerted, coordinated crime which has
3 gone on right up to the present day, the coordination -- the coordination
4 of the crime.
5 To illustrate that, could I just have this photograph shown and
6 enlarged, because you see people holding their hands clutched together
7 like this. They are Wesley Clark, Hasim Taci, Agim Ceku, killers,
8 murderers, and criminals. And this photograph symbolises the alliance of
9 an organisation commanded by Clark, Clark together with Albanian
10 terrorists in the terrain, an alliance, the consequences of which are
11 everything that I have read out to you so far.
12 Can we see it blown up, please? A larger -- zoom in on the
13 photograph, please. I think you can recognise this. Taci, Clark - there
14 they are - Agim Ceku [phoen], Michael Jackson who stated in the summer of
15 1999 that KLA had been disarmed, which was his responsibility, and then
16 that disarmed KLA continue to shoot and kill.
17 There you have it. I'm going to have that picture blown up,
18 because this is the only one I have. It has been taken out of a book,
19 actually of a little newspaper, but it does exist in colour, too. Because
20 this photograph indicates what an associated crime represents, a criminal
22 Right up until 1998, a full ten years from the time when Serbia
23 was accused for having taken over state competencies on its own territory
24 in Kosovo and Metohija, in those ten years, there were no killings
25 practically anywhere, or burnings or kidnappings or anything of that kind,
1 and nobody was imprisoned for political reasons. Even the Albanian
2 separatists and Albanian parties were free to work. All the Albanian
3 journalists were published on a regular basis. They had some 20
4 newspapers that could be bought on every corner, street corner.
5 And let me state once again not a single issue was ever banned.
6 Not a single copy, let alone issue.
7 The Albanian language stood side by side with the Serbian
8 language. It was the official language of the province. Documents were
9 published in two languages, both in Albanian and in Serbian. For all
10 Albanian children who attended state schools, tuition was in the Albanian
11 language. All the road signs and signs on public buildings and facilities
12 were bilingual. They were in Serbian and Albanian. Where in areas
13 inhabited by Turks, they were written up in Turkish and so on and so
14 forth. The Turkish, too, had their newspaper. But we're not talking
15 about the Turks. The Turks are the victims of the Albanian terrorism just
16 like the Serbs in Kosovo are.
17 The Albanians from Kosovo, like all other citizens of Yugoslavia,
18 were free to travel the world without any restrictions, including all
19 their leaders. This applied to all their leaders too. They were free to
20 travel around. Nothing ever happened to any one of them. And in the
21 middle of Belgrade they could hold press conferences and then cross the
22 street and go to have lunch in a hotel opposite, although previously they
23 had hurled slanders with respect to the state without any sanctions.
24 Nothing happened to them, and they were not even criticised for doing so.
25 There was no repression and everything was allowed except violence,
1 barring violence.
2 After Dayton, throughout the territory of Yugoslavia, there was an
3 easing of tensions. And on one occasion here, I mentioned that in my
4 assessment the nervousness and the trigger for the onslaught toward the
5 destabilisation of Yugoslavia began precisely after the summit of the
6 countries of South-eastern Europe on Crete, because that summit of
7 South-east European countries on Crete opened the road to cooperation and
8 without a doubt indicated that a peaceful solution would be applied to all
9 the problems that the Balkans were facing, and that we were having broad
10 prospects opened up in front of us, the prospects of successful cultural,
11 economic, and all other cooperation.
12 And it is at that conference that I had individual talks and
13 meetings with all the heads of state and government, amongst them the
14 Albanian Prime Minister Fatos Nano. We decided, we reached an agreement
15 to normalise relations fully, to abolish visas, to open our borders, to
16 develop trade, communication and tourism. And he himself spoke in front
17 of television cameras about this. He said it all, and this is all on the
18 record. You can read it. You can find it, records of that.
19 Unfortunately, he said that Kosovo was an internal affair of
20 Yugoslavia and this served as a trigger. It triggered off the following
21 developments: Several months later I got Kinkel's and Vedrine's letter
22 expressing their deep concern for the situation in Kosovo. I was very
23 surprised to receive the letter because there was nothing going on at
24 Kosovo at that time. On the contrary. We had talked about people going
25 back to school on a regular basis. We had signed an agreement, Rugova and
1 myself, calling for the Vincenzo Palia from the Vatican to help us in
2 reaching the agreement, and things were progressing towards peace, towards
3 understanding, towards a solution of the problems and without any violence
4 at all.
5 However, the German intelligence service -- and little is know
6 about that. Kinkel is well known as a Foreign Minister throughout the
7 world, but it is less known, less common knowledge that he is head of the
8 German intelligence service and that is the post that he fulfilled before
9 that. For any of those -- for those of you who don't know that, you
10 should know it. The German intelligence service rallied up criminals from
11 all over Europe. They were pushed to Kosovo. I don't think he'll deny
12 that, because too many people know that fact. So he's not going to bother
13 to deny it. Don't worry.
14 And all these people were sent to Kosovo to start killing. It was
15 then that terrorist activities exploded, and you will see what this looked
16 like, what happened. But before I go on to this area to show you what
17 happened, what it looked like, I'm going to read just a few quotations by
18 a German. So not a Serb. These quotations are by a German, Jirgen
19 Elzeger [phoen], the writer who wrote the book entitled "War Crimes: The
20 Deadly Lies of the German Government and Her Victims in the Kosovo
22 I just have brief excerpts from that book. Elzeger states the
23 following: A formula for all wars that happened in the former SFRY was
24 the same. And I said that to you yesterday. The main pyromaniac in
25 Yugoslavia, that fanned the flames of war in Yugoslavia, was Germany, and
1 the United States put out the fire using fuel. And it was the Germans
2 that recognised in 1991 the independence of Slovenia and Croatia. This is
3 no secret. Mitterrand complained that he was under pressure from Germany,
4 and he allowed the European Union to recognise Croatia and Slovenia ahead
5 of time, prematurely.
6 Against the will of the parties of NATO partners, the Germans
7 armed Croatian right up until 1994 to take over Bosnia-Herzegovina and
8 Krajina. Even the MIG war planes were used which belonged to the former
9 DDR. It was the Germans who Umelek [phoen] of the KLA in Kosovo helped
10 him at the beginning of the 1990s, sending him instructors from the BND
11 ranks by is the German intelligence ranks. The BND it's called. Or,
12 rather, when they allowed money to be collected in Germany, several
13 million marks were collected for these purposes. And they did that while
14 the USA, right up until March and April 1998, treated the KLA as a
15 terrorist organisation.
16 At the moment when the balance of forces changed along with
17 financial assistance from Germany and when this became a realistic factor
18 of power able to change the geographical map of the region, the USA began
19 to radically change its policy and to take the lead. After Croatia, along
20 with German assistance, successfully prepared and began to arm itself for
21 an attack on Krajina, Pentagon sounded the alarm and suddenly took the
22 lead, taking over the whole operation. That's what happened with the KLA,
24 Yesterday's edition of the Washington Times includes David Keene's
25 quotation, President of the Association of American Conservatives, who
1 claims that Clinton was involved in the storm operation when the Serbs
2 were expulsed from Croatia and that this was done by the administration.
3 The observer has written about that. And there is much more proof about
4 that. And even Holbrooke was not careful enough and wrote about it in his
6 And that's what happened with the KLA, too, with support from Iran
7 and Germany. In the summer it took control over a third of Kosovo, and
8 the Americans threw in their own terrorists. In this series of bloody
9 events, amongst the Albanian terrorists, the USA, between 1998 to 1999,
10 steered the influence -- steered influential people in the KLA.
11 I have a feeling that the interpreters are having a difficult
13 So with their assistance in February 1999, Taci's faction was
15 And as far as America is concerned, early enough on, says Elzeger
16 and I quote: " Sufficiently early on, an Albanian lobby existed in
17 American foreign policy rallied around Senator Dole, who already at that
18 time collaborated with the KLA while at the same time the American
19 government spoke about a terrorist organisation.
20 That's what happened a long time ago in Germany when the
21 Chancellor was Willie Brandt [phoen]. The BND, the German secret service,
22 gave support to its Yugoslav partner in persecuting Ustasha terrorists
23 while at the same time, as he said, the Bavarian wing the BND, under the
24 patronage of France reels of Strauss, protected these same Ustashas,
25 conspiring already at that time against the SFRY.
1 It goes on to say --
2 JUDGE MAY: Well, if you find a convenient moment, it's 1.00.
3 Would that be a convenient moment to stop or do you want to add something
5 THE ACCUSED: No, no, no. If it is time to stop, we can stop. I
6 suppose we are continuing in one hour and a half.
7 JUDGE MAY: Half past two.
8 --- Luncheon recess taken at 1.00 p.m.
1 --- On resuming at 2.30 p.m.
2 MR. KAY: Your Honours, before the accused resumes his opening
3 address to the Court, there's a matter we would like to raise on his
4 behalf at this stage and that concerns the length of time allotted to him
5 in his opening and about which he clearly feels aggrieved and has made a
6 number of remarks in his opening address. We would ask the Court,
7 although a deadline has been imposed until the first adjournment on Monday
8 morning, to perhaps consider the position that the accused is in by the
9 end of this afternoon and how he progresses through Monday before making a
10 final decision about the termination of the time allotted.
11 It's obviously an important issue for him in the presentation of
12 his defence. He's not aided by a support staff in court and that would
13 obviously have an effect on lengthening his address to the Court. And --
14 JUDGE MAY: How much time are you suggesting he should have?
15 MR. KAY: I think it's --
16 JUDGE MAY: Infinite?
17 MR. KAY: Not infinite, and I don't think the accused is asking
18 for infinite, but what he is asking for is that he be able to cover the
19 points that he seeks
20 [Trial Chamber confers]
21 JUDGE MAY: We'll look at it again on Monday.
22 MR. KAY: Much obliged.
23 JUDGE MAY: Yes, Mr. Milosevic.
24 THE ACCUSED: When can I consider then at when a time -- what
25 time is given to me?
1 JUDGE MAY: We'll see how you get on. Aim to finish in the time
2 we've suggested. See how you get on.
3 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Furthermore, in this interview,
4 Osser [phoen] said, and I said that he is the author of the book on "War
5 Crimes and German Lies in the Kosovo Conflict," he said Kinkel himself in
6 February 1998 stated that the German Federal Government, and then he
7 quotes him, that he supported Albania with a total of 1 billion German
8 marks. Not a single country got that much per capita assistance. The
9 source is FAZ of the 9th of February, 1998.
10 It was also strange that a special unit, part of IFOR was
11 stationed in Zadar for a while.
12 I'm not quoting him now, but I'm saying that it is a well-known
13 fact that Willie Wimmer, a CDU MP in the German Parliament said towards
14 the end of March, "Never before did individuals lie so thoroughly and
15 fully as during the time of the Kosovo war. That is why people lost their
17 And even according to Spiegel, the media hysteria was supported
18 and instigated by the BND, that is to say, the German secret service.
19 Eldeser [phoen] says further on in connection with Fischer or,
20 rather, Kohl's secret plan of the split Macedonia in the Federal
21 Republic of Yugoslavia what this German plan was like. Towards the end of
22 March, the German Foreign Minister said that the Albanian issue was a
23 pending one. This comes from world history. The German issue is open,
24 and that is what everybody said, all of those who did not really want to
25 have reforms in the GDR.
1 The German issue was open for as long as the Brandenburg Gate was
2 closed and this ultimately led to the unification of Germany. Therefore,
3 will Macedonia be obliterated altogether and will the Albanians be
4 united? That is to say, will there be a Greater Albanian after Fischer
5 made Albanian revanchism of a solemn nature.
6 There is one more sentence of the German Foreign Minister that
7 says that -- the International Community will not allow a forced change
8 of borders. However, if we analyse this question more precisely, we will
9 see that Mr. Fischer is not refusing the revision of borders altogether,
10 only the use of force. What happens if borders are not revised through
11 manifestation of force but through a threat of force as was the case in
12 1938 with Czechoslovakia after the Munich Accord?
13 Mr. Fischer himself recommends to the Albanians to apply Kohl ís
14 methods. Again this is his quote. The International Community is in
15 Kosovo and in the Balkans in order to show that the Albanian issue is --
16 does not have to be resolved with the agreement of the neighbours, and
17 this draws on the German issue. And this will certainly remain in the
18 memory of Prague and Warsaw who were completely left out of the 4 plus 2
19 negotiations. And if the Germans fooled Paris and London in such a way,
20 this can be read about in Attli's [phoen] memoirs and also in
21 Mrs. Thatcher's memoirs. However, what is recommended by Mr. Fischer to
22 the Albanians from the German example of 1990 is nothing else but the
23 obliteration of sovereign states. This should make the blood in the veins
24 of Macedonian politicians freeze. And Lubca Gigarski [phoen], the Prime
25 Minister spoke a week later and said openly the Macedonians cannot shut
1 their eyes before the fact that the Western democracy is creating new
2 Talibans in western -- in Europe and that nobody in Europe can be
3 convinced that the German and US governments do not know the chiefs of
4 these bands.
5 Already on the 30th of March, Fischer says in the Bundestag, and
6 this is a quotation, that one has to think about a general solution for
7 the Balkan problem because the problem of Bosnia-Herzegovina has not been
8 resolved yet or of Montenegro or the Kresovo Valley. That is actually
9 Southern Serbia, Southern Serbia and Macedonia.
10 I'm mentioning this because it is linked to historical facts that
11 I will draw your attention to. In the creation of a Greater Albania, we
12 see that Macedonia is next and then come Montenegro and Sandzak and then
13 Greece. All of them are in --
14 JUDGE MAY: Could you slow down, please, Mr. Milosevic.
15 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] All of them are on the planned list
16 of Albanian terrorists, and if the -- this already worked with NATO
17 assistance, then why would it not work even more often?
18 What Eldeser [phoen] says only confirms that Germany, after its
19 reunification, especially with questions related to Yugoslavia, continued
20 at an accelerated pace there where it was stopped by its defeat in the
21 Second World War, and then in the Second World War, a Greater Albania was
22 created as a Nazi fascist state, and I hope that nobody can deny that.
23 We should remind precisely those who struggled before against
24 Nazism and Fascism of certain historical facts.
25 From 1993 onwards, there was an ongoing activity of fascist Italy
1 against Yugoslavia. On the 7th of April, 1993, it annexed Albania, which
2 is a well known fact. The Foreign Ministry of Italy Ciana [phoen],
3 already in July 1939 gave instructions to Albanian emigres to act in
4 Eperis [phoen] and Kosovo and Metohija. He often repeated that the Kosovo
5 Albanian irredentism is, I quote, a knife aimed at the back of
6 Yugoslavia. The same year, in Rome, a bureau was opened to organise the
7 Albanian irredentist movement. In Albania, the Albanian fascist party was
8 established and on the occasion of his visit to Albania, the Minister
9 promised that the project of a Greater Albania would be implemented soon.
10 Already in the beginning of 1940, the secretary of the fascist
11 party said in Skadar [phoen] that Italy would soon annex parts of
12 Yugoslavia populated by Albanians. And in Tirana, very much a new
13 Albanian committee was established.
14 When World War II broke out, and a bit after that, when the
15 fascist forces attacked Yugoslavia and they were headed by Germany and
16 Italy, the blood-soaked implementation of the product of a Greater Albania
17 started. Podujevo, Vucitrn, and the Kosovo -- Kosovska Mitrovica
18 districts and all of Kosovo and Metohija were annexed to the fascist
19 Greater Albania. Parts of Gnjilane, the Urosevac district north of
20 Pasjani, Kacanik, Vitina, and Sirovacka Zupa were annexed to the newly
21 created greater Bulgaria.
22 Western Macedonia, including Tetovo, Gostivar, Debar, Kicevo,
23 Strugar, and Sveti Naum also came to belong to the Greater Albania.
24 The agreement of April 1941 established a demarcation line between
25 the Greater Bulgaria and a Greater Albania. The head of the puppet
1 government of Albania, at the Royal Italian Academy had a lecture about
2 the roots of Greater Albania. He visited in July Kosovo and when speaking
3 to the top Albanian people, he said in public that an effort should be
4 made to replace the Serb population in Kosovo as soon as possible, that
5 all the Serb inhabitants who had lived there from way back should be
6 considered to be immigrants and as such should be sent to concentration
7 camps in Albania. Later Serb settlers should be killed.
8 These are historical texts that I'm quoting. Once again, in the
9 project of a Greater Albania, there was no room for any other people but
10 the Albanian people. You could see this from the reality that I have just
11 described and that is now taking place in Kosovo and Metohija.
12 In four years of the government, a lot has been done. Local
13 Albanians under the protection of the occupation forces and assisted by
14 their compatriots from Albania committed many crimes against Serbs. The
15 European public does not know the proportions of these crimes. However,
16 according to the office of strategic service of the United States, the
17 Albanians, from April 1941 until August 1942, killed about 10.000 Serbs.
18 When these areas were occupied, Italy started not only ethnic
19 cleansing but also the systematic implementation of a Greater Albanian
20 cultural project and also in all other spheres of life. Serb children who
21 attended school under Italian occupation were forced to study in the
22 Albanian language. The same thing happened to children in Western
23 Macedonia. There was a mass expulsion of Serbs from Kosovo and Metohija
24 and several tens of thousands of Albanians from Albania were settled
25 there. Some historians believe that this number is about 100.000.
1 Until April 1942, on the southern border of occupied Serbia which
2 was under German rule, there were about 60.000 refugees from Metohija,
3 parts of Kosovo that came to become part of a Greater Albania.
4 After the capitulation of fascist Italy, the Germans instigated
5 the establishment of the so-called Second Prizren League in 1943. The
6 league was organised under the protection of AVR, that is to say, the
7 German military service. We can see that the BND over the past few years
8 has taken over that role, the same one.
9 Terror over the Serbs with a multitude of individual and massive
10 crimes lasted until 1943, when it started abating. As for the proportions
11 of the ethnic cleansing of Serbs from these areas in addition to a
12 multitude of other testimony is spoken of by Herman Neubaher, who was a
13 special political plenipotentiary of the Third Reich in South-east Europe
14 from autumn 1943 onwards. There is a quotation of his that says Albanians
15 hurried to expel as many Serbs as possible from the country. Local
16 strongmen will often expelled and actually they required gifts of gold in
17 order to have this done.
18 When General Nedic , who was President of the Serb quisling
19 government in that small occupied Serbia under the Germans, when he
20 bitterly addressed himself to me, I recommended urgently to the Arbanis
21 [phoen] government that these expulsions be stopped immediately. When I
22 realised that my intervention was a failure, I wanted to resign my mission
23 in Albania and that's what Neubaher says, the plenipotentiary of the Third
25 After the capitulation of fascist Italy under the German
1 occupation force, the notorious Skender-Beg SS Division was established.
2 It consisted of Albanians. And until these areas were finally liberated
3 from Nazi and fascist troops and their quislings, they persevered in the
4 project of a Greater Albania. Now these troops that are there and also
5 this new SS division which they came to call KFOR, which was actually a
6 transformed terrorist organisation, the KLA, they are doing the same
7 thing. All of this considerably changed the ethnic structure of this part
8 of Serbia and Yugoslavia and basically it was one of the most important
9 prerequisites for the successful implementation of the project of a
10 Greater Albania.
11 Let us go back to the end of 1987 and the successful summit of the
12 countries of southeastern Europe which had held peace, cooperation, and
13 stabilisation, especially the successful contact and talks between the
14 Albanian prime minister and me and his statement that the Kosovo issue was
15 an internal affair of Yugoslavia. So this alarm was sounded and it
16 started up a round of activities.
17 From then onwards an explosion of terrorism, that's the way I'd
18 like to put it, started in Kosovo and Metohija. During the entire
19 previous decade, there were very few attacks, and then only within about a
20 month's time, and from the beginning of 1998 until just before the NATO
21 aggression, 1.068 attacks were launched against individuals, citizens
22 only, that is to say, about 100 times more than in any one of the previous
23 years. And it is quite obvious that this was a turning point and that the
24 process that had started had been cut off.
25 Everybody was a target, including Kosovo Albanians, especially
1 those who were employed in the government; that is to say, people who were
2 employed in post offices, clerks who worked in government offices, et
3 cetera. This time members of the terrorist organisation KLA killed, in a
4 brutal way, 387 citizens. Out of this number, 75 were citizens -- 75
5 citizens, not 75 per cent. Seventy-five citizens were ethnic Serbs and
6 Montenegrins, and 196 were ethnic Albanians; that is to say, the Albanian
7 terrorists killed two and a half times more Albanians than Serbs in order
8 to discipline them, in order to subjugate them, in order to force them to
9 follow their policy and to behave the way they wanted them to behave.
10 Also, 15 members of other minorities were killed, primarily the Romany.
11 And in one case it was impossible to establish the identity of the persons
12 who were killed.
13 In that same period, about 200 citizens disappeared and went
14 missing or were kidnapped; half were Serbs and Montenegrins and the other
15 half were Albanians, that is, 77 Albanians and 12 of other ethnic groups.
16 In addition to these individual killings, there were various acts
17 of sabotage, planting of bombs such as in Podrevo and Kosovska Mitrovica,
18 where explosive devices were planted on marketplaces. Six were killed and
19 60 injured, again mostly Albanians, and so on.
20 Parallel with this there was an enormous number of terrorist
21 attacks on the facilities and members of the Ministry of the Interior;
22 1.642 attacks. When these are taken into consideration as well, then the
23 average for the previous year is not 100:1, that is, compared to previous
24 years. The ratio is much worse. Among these attacks, most of them were
25 attempts to kill; 163 attempted murders. And actually 241 members were
1 killed, and together with them 28 citizens, 23 wounded. Another 478
2 members of the Ministry of the Interior were seriously wounded and another
3 363 injured.
4 At the time, in that period, 246 terrorists were erected [as
5 interpreted], eight injured, and 238 killed in clashes with members of the
6 Ministry of the Interior. I will leave out the locations of these
7 incidents to make the best of the time available to me.
8 At the same time but with some delay, terrorist attacks against
9 members of the army of Yugoslavia began. Out of the 309 registered
10 attacks on members of the VJ, a large number caused the death of soldiers
11 or their serious injuries. Lists of citizens killed, members of the
12 Ministry of the Interior, of people kidnapped and missing, members of the
13 army of Yugoslavia that were killed and wounded, all these lists I will
14 submit to you and the public.
15 Only from the 1st of January, 1998, until the 24th of March, 1999,
16 when the NATO invasion started, 40 killed and missing members of the army
17 of Yugoslavia were registered. A description of the incidents in which
18 these people were killed or went missing clearly indicates that these were
19 terrorist activities in preparation of the NATO aggression on the Federal
20 Republic of Yugoslavia which followed.
21 I have here a number of warrants for convicted killers, but I
22 don't have time to go through them. Number 1 is Hasim Taci, who has been
23 convicted to a prison term for a large number of murders of Serbs and
24 Albanians; and many others on search warrants who are charged with
25 multifold and cruel killings, including Osmani Bujar who took part in the
1 formation of a terrorist unit called the Mujahedin Detachment in Kosmet,
2 Abu Bekir Sadik, which involved the participation of foreign mercenaries.
3 As a member of this terrorist unit, he took part, on a number of
4 occasions, against border guards of the army of Yugoslavia and police
5 patrols in the area of Metohija. This Mujahedin unit, Abu Bekir Sadek,
6 is, in a certain sense, also be legitimised in this day and age when the
7 whole world is being told that there's nothing more important than the
8 struggle against terrorism.
9 All this was happening even while Lugova was claiming that the
10 KLA, this terrorist KLA, was a figment of the imagination of Serb
11 propaganda, and that figment of the imagination deprived all these people
12 of their lives, that this was all the product of Serbian propaganda.
13 In the first half of 1998, the number of victims rose rapidly. In
14 the first months from February to June, the terrorists carried out 409
15 operations or an average of three daily. They didn't do as many in the
16 previous ten-year period. In 261 cases, the target was civilians. And in
17 that period only, 35 people were killed, and 29 seriously wounded; 21
18 lightly wounded.
19 The police were the target of 148 terrorist attacks. Not a single
20 government in the world - gentlemen, there is no government in the world,
21 and I don't believe that there's anyone in the public who could deny
22 this - would remain passive to such activities by armed bands which, in
23 less than two years of an armed revolt, killed 152 persons. Not only did
24 the police have to react to these frequent attacks by the police, but it
25 also undertook active operations to break up these terrorist groups and
1 gain control over the territory, especially over roads of a regional and
2 national significance which, in certain places, they tried to block and to
3 paralyse the life of the citizens and public services and generally all
4 people using those communication routes.
5 Among the first recorded attacks on the army of Yugoslavia up to
6 their offensive activities against KLA forces, almost four months went by
7 which was more than enough for an answer to be given to the question as to
8 who it is in Kosovo and Metohija that resorted to weapons, and who is it
9 that attacked whom.
10 In February 1998, the American ambassador in Macedonia called the
11 KLA a terrorist organisation, and everything would be fine if the State
12 Department did not make a correction later on. Richard Holbrooke came to
13 Belgrade with the task of saving the KLA from a complete breakup and to
14 impose a solution that would suit the interests of the US and Albanian
15 separatists. And instead of condemning the terrorist organisation like we
16 expected, and we didn't understand at the time his approach, in talks he
17 described the KLA as an autonomous political factor without which no
18 serious talks can be conducted.
19 So Holbrooke joined the other American representative, Albright,
20 and met a group of terrorists in Kosovo and conducted a talk with them
21 which was filmed by TV cameras. That was the operation when this criminal
22 organisation was taken over from the Germans by the Americans.
23 At the same time the Americans systematically prevented the
24 Security Council issuing even a formal announcement that would condemn
25 terrorism in Kosovo and Metohija. Nevertheless, in spite of that, in
1 three Security Council resolutions, you will find reference to terrorism
2 in Kosovo and Metohija.
3 In August and September 1998, the military and police forces
4 practically neutralised the KLA terrorists and their strongholds. And
5 when, in the autumn of 1998, terrorism had been neutralised, and when they
6 were handing in their weapons in tractorfuls to police stations; when the
7 local police, a separate local police had been formed in hundreds of
8 Albanian villages under our auspices and sponsorship, and we had imagined
9 it so that the Albanian villagers themselves should select local policemen
10 who would be given a uniform and a pistol from the state and everything
11 else a policeman should have to take care of law and order in his village,
12 they themselves selected their policemen. In hundreds of villages such
13 local police was established, and terrorism had been virtually totally
14 defeated, weapons had been handed in, a local police had been established,
15 and things were going back to normal.
16 And then Holbrooke came back again and his delegation. Long
17 negotiations; for 12 days I think they went on, because he demanded
18 observers, military presence, and so on. And I said to him then, "You're
19 not really interested in the Albanians at all. You have another
20 objective," and he asked me which. And I said to him, "To confirm
21 America's leading role in Europe and to confirm America's leading role in
22 NATO." And he said, "Yes, that is our interest."
23 Now, I ask the public: What does that interest mean? The
24 interests of killers in the street who slaughters a victim to take his
25 wallet, he does so out of interest. But where are the other principles on
1 which human relations are based? If every single move and every crime is
2 going to be explained by our interest, and then it is the interest of an
3 America 10.000 kilometres away, that their national interest is greater in
4 our country than our own national interest with respect to our own
5 country, who can approve that? Except out of fear, which appears to be
6 quite widespread nowadays. And people are just nodding their heads and
7 approving whatever is said from that quarter.
8 That is when sponsorship was taken over over the terrorists. And
9 a verification commission was formed, and as it was the OSCE, we trusted
10 it; but whose task was obviously to manufacture a justification for a war
11 against Yugoslavia, because the people they protected, their terrorists,
12 proved uncapable of doing it. They had been completely defeated and
13 widely condemned by the Albanian masses. The Albanian masses did not
14 accept them.
15 With the formation of that mission, and obviously encouraged by
16 such a development, the Albanian terrorists, at the end of 1998, continued
17 to commit crimes in an even more brutal and widespread manner. As a
18 result of these activities, the number of terrorist operations in 1998
19 amounted to 1.854. I'm not going to read the casualty figures; 284
20 wounded, 556 injured. Cafes were blown up. For instance, Panda, in Pec,
21 a bomb went off. Six young men were killed. These were boys who had
22 gathered to listen to music as they do in any other cafes all over
24 But let me go back to the political background. In an analysis of
25 the Republican Commission in the US Senate, already in August 1998, NATO
1 intervention had been planned already, but all that was lacking at the
2 time was an acceptable media event which would serve as a political alibi
3 for the intervention. That media event was construed on the 15th of
4 January, 1999, following a scenario which had already been tested --
5 JUDGE MAY: Mr. Milosevic --
6 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] -- in Bosnia.
7 JUDGE MAY: -- slowing down, please. We've got a message here.
8 Now, to assist you, we've just been considering the position, in
9 light of the request from the amicus over there that you have more time,
10 and to assist you today and in your preparation over the weekend, we will
11 extend the time that you have. It will be until lunchtime on Monday, so
12 you'll have another three hours.
13 THE ACCUSED: I understand that is up to 1.00.
14 JUDGE MAY: 1.00, yes.
15 THE ACCUSED: Okay, thank you.
16 JUDGE MAY: But if you'd keep in mind the interpreters.
17 THE ACCUSED: I will.
18 [Interpretation] This was a scenario tested in Bosnia. The Mrkela
19 incident is well known, and that alleged massacre was again repeated in
20 Racak. And an experienced head of mission, William Walker, experienced,
21 from Latin America, he described it as a misdeed that was never seen
22 before by the Serbs. And that was the task that the OSCE mission had, and
23 especially its leader, which justified the NATO aggression.
24 As is known, we accepted forensic experts from many countries to
25 investigate. A team of Belorussian experts came, and they are well known
1 in the world. There was a team of our own experts, who are also renowned
2 in the world, university professors. And all of them submitted their
3 findings which showed that it was quite clear that this was a terrorist
4 unit, because it was established that each of the people killed had shot
5 and fired his weapon at the police. Walker insisted on Finnish experts,
6 and we accepted them as well. And anyway, we heard yesterday the opinion
7 of the Finnish experts.
8 Unfortunately you know that this whole hullabaloo was used to
9 mount enormous accusations against the Serb forces which were unfounded,
10 because this was a conflict between a police unit, no paramilitary unit
11 whatsoever, as I heard them being described here, but a regular police
12 unit clashing with a terrorist group. And that's all. And I cannot
13 exactly cite the date, but I will find that too. Even the Albanian
14 commander in the region, quite recently in a speech, said that his
15 fighters had been killed bravely in Racak, because he realised that the
16 thing had been already utilised and why should he continue concealing the
17 bravery of his fighters, as he saw it, from his standpoint.
18 There is a large number of people during the verification
19 commission's time who were killed. More than 500 terrorist attacks by the
20 KLA were effected, and the external sponsors repeated this and armed
21 this. So it was in this period that there was ethnic cleansing of 35
22 villages, cleansed of the Serbs and Montenegrins. And it was only in
23 the -- and in the first 11 days alone of 1999, the members of the KLA
24 effected 80 terrorist attacks on the police and army of Yugoslavia, and
25 civilians as well, in which six civilians were killed, four policemen were
1 killed, and ten policemen and other citizens were wounded to some extent.
2 This all shows the situation in Kosovo and Metohija and how it was
3 used as a means to fan the flames of a crisis and to lead in that crisis.
4 We are talking about the use of terrorism in order to realise the
5 strategic goals of the USA and NATO in southeastern Europe, and the
6 example was Kosovo and Metohija.
7 Clinton's Administration, with that example, showed that they have
8 dual standards towards terrorism, depending on their own interests. For
9 them, they even changed the term terrorist. First of all, they were
10 referred to as terrorists; later on they weren't terrorists anymore. So
11 terrorists and freedom fighters depends on the profile of the victim, the
12 terms used, and what the interests are. When the victims are Americans or
13 the people they protect, then the killers are terrorists who deserve the
14 worst possible sentences. And so while the USA today in Afghanistan is
15 radically settling accounts with terrorism, in Kosovo and Metohija and
16 other regions throughout the world, they are making use of terrorism as an
17 effective weapon, an effective means of that strategy for domination.
18 When, on the other hand, the Serbs are victims, as was the case in Kosovo,
19 then, in the worst of cases, those killers were only referred to as the
20 armed Albanians. Nothing more than that. That was all.
21 While American planes transport the Al Qaeda terrorists from
22 Afghanistan to Guantanamo, chained and fettered, at the same time, of the
23 puppet regime in Belgrade, they are requesting that all Albanian
24 terrorists be freed from the prisons along with the explanation that they
25 are in fact political prisoners.
1 Now, can anyone, even if you're not a lawyer - you don't have to
2 be a lawyer, you don't have to be a judge - but people who cut heads
3 with sabres, that cut the heads off women, children, elderly persons, kill
4 postmen, Albanians, Serbs, anyone, can you call them political prisoners,
5 regardless of how much they defend their crimes were political reasons.
6 If we take the example of America, that example is the best if we
7 want to see how bad sponsored terrorism really is, and it represents the
8 greatest danger to mankind today.
9 For many years America has been applying this double-standard
10 policy, and as the attacks on New York and Washington have shown, they
11 have turned against America themselves. To include the Islamic
12 fundamentalists, the Mujahedin, in the training of terrorists of the KLA
13 in Albania has contributed to the radicalisation of their terrorist
14 actions and the application of the most vigorous methods in settling
15 accounts with members of the police and army, but also with the civilian
16 population including the Albanians themselves.
17 As to the presence and active inclusion of the training of the KLA
18 fighters and the supreme leaders of the Islamic fundamentalists, including
19 Osama bin Laden and the others, the German Depressor has written about
20 that in December 1998, and the Sunday Times wrote about it too in that
21 same year, and it was not in dispute.
22 After the destruction of the embassies, the well-known US
23 Embassies, I, together with the UN team, commented on this, and they were
24 also well aware of those facts. Actually, the presence of bin Laden in
25 Albania, there was great chaos in Albania, chaos prevailed. And the
1 support to Albanian terrorism and separatism in Kosovo and Mehotija, we
2 see the engagement of the Albanian emigres in the countries of Western
3 Europe and in the USA.
4 In America in 1986, an Albanian American Civic League was set up
5 under the presidency of Congressman Joseph DioGuardi whose task it was
6 actively to lobby on Capitol Hill for the requests and goals of the Kosovo
7 Albanians. By active lobbying, this opened the road to the Kosovo and
8 Mehotija separatists for official contacts in the American Senate and
9 Congress. Its main promoters or protagonists were Robert Dole and
10 Congressman D'Amato from New York where the Albanian community is most
12 At all events, the Albanian American Civic League made a great
13 contribution to the systematic expansion of the anti-Serb mood and the
14 satanisation of the Serb people in the American public opinion. And it
15 was the Rudafini American firm which was involved in this, which allegedly
16 discovered, and we saw yesterday something about that but nobody claims
17 that today, but allegedly they uncovered Serbian concentration camps in
18 Kosmet which never, ever existed anywhere. And it also conjured up and
19 concocted a series of propaganda and lies.
20 The Albanian drug trafficking Mafia got a lot of money for the
21 cause, and judging by everything, they have invested their money well,
22 because Kosovo today is the main centre in Europe of drugs, the white
23 slave trade, armaments and weapons trading. And all that in the presence
24 of forces which quite certainly have no chance of controlling that type of
25 activity, if they are unable to control crimes such as the burning of tens
1 of thousands of houses, the killing of civilians, the expulsions of
2 hundreds of thousands of people, the destruction of hundreds of churches,
3 and so on and so forth. And we know that the Mafia works. We know that
4 the Mafia can bribe who it needs to bribe to carry out these deeds and
5 those people who are allegedly supposed to suppress them.
6 And for a long time to come, this unfortunate situation will
7 escalate. And I'm afraid that once Europe comes to its senses and
8 realises what is going on there, it will be too late, it will be too late
9 to put things right.
10 The Albanian drug trafficking Mafia, according to the French
11 Observatoire J'Politik la Drogue, is especially versed in the drugs for
12 arms trafficking, and arms obtained in this way are given to the KLA.
13 This was a well-devised road by which the KLA were able to receive weapons
14 through their dirty businesses throughout the world, with the
15 representative of intelligence and secret services both of the West, of
16 certain Islamic countries as well.
17 In addition to weapons purchased abroad, the Kosovo terrorists
18 received weapons from the Albanian army after the breakdown of the powers
19 that be in Albania and so on and so forth.
20 I'm going to have to skip over something here because I think that
21 it's already 3.20.
22 Osama bin Laden and his Al Qaeda organisation had their fulcrum
23 and support in Albania which served as a jumping board for their
24 operations in Bosnia, in Kosovo and Metohija, and even in Western Europe.
25 And bin Laden himself, as he once said, as the head of the Albanian part
1 Fatos Klasi said was in Albania personally, and according to Klasi,
2 bin Laden's group was one of the fundamentalistic organisations who sent
3 their units to fight in Kosovo and Metohija. Bin Laden's direct
4 engagement in terrorist activities became evident when some of its members
5 were arrested and the members made statements according to which they said
6 that their associates are still at liberty and they said how they
7 recruited their members and how they armed their fighters to fight in
8 Kosovo and Metohija.
9 Amongst them there are those who are now -- who have now been
10 taken to Guantanamo base. And it would appear that the terrorists who
11 were imprisoned by the Yugoslav authorities were actually lucky, because
12 those who were not arrested but went with bin Laden to Afghanistan, now
13 have to go chain and fettered to Guantanamo, whereas the lucky ones who
14 were arrested by the Yugoslavian authorities are now being released from
15 prison as political prisoners at the request of those same colleagues of
16 theirs who purely by chance went one way whereas these others remained
17 here because they had been arrested previously. So that was the split and
18 division between them, although there's no difference between them at
19 all. Absolutely no difference between these two, the fates of these two.
20 However, because of the intensive propaganda of Albania
21 separatists, Kosovo and Metohija and the intensive media war which was
22 waged for ten years against Yugoslavia, world public opinion has gained an
23 erroneous picture of who in the southern province of Serbia exerts
24 pressure and violence. And so the -- we have the situation upside down,
25 and it is the Serbs who have been accused of effecting terror over
1 innocent victims, Albanians, curtailing their citizens and other rights.
2 However, I think that the truth is elsewhere. There are many documents
3 which testify to the roots of terrorism and violence, the violence of
4 Albanians over Serb and Montenegrin citizens in Kosovo and Metohija and
5 their militant structures. The Albanian militant structures which serve
6 the Turkish Austro-Hungarian, German, Italian, and all other occupiers and
7 oppressors in those century-old Serb lands and right to the present day as
8 they are serving the present occupier.
9 Therefore, let me go back to the work of the verification
10 commission. There were no deportations or discrimination that it could
11 have registered. It is being forgotten that in each incident that
12 occurred during the operation of the verification commission, a report was
13 drawn up because there was a state commission of the federal government
14 for cooperation with the OSCE mission. And that state commission of the
15 federal government for cooperation with the OSCE mission drew up a report
16 on each and every incident. There is not a single one testifying to this,
17 but I know that there are even decisions of German courts which rejected
18 complaints by Albanian emigres requesting asylum based on political
19 persecution in Kosovo, that said that there was no evidence that there was
20 any kind of persecution of Albanians in Kosovo, and that is why their
21 requests were rejected.
22 That was the largest verification commission ever since the OSCE
23 was founded. It consisted of 2.000 people. In addition, an enormous
24 staff of the international commission for refugees, the UNHCR, plus the
25 observer mission, plus the Red Cross staff, plus hundreds of journalists
1 accredited there, so that thousands of people were marching up and down
2 Kosovo. And nothing could be concealed from them. Even if there was any
3 such act, they wouldn't have had to make up Racak. They would have used
4 such a misdeed as a trigger for further operations. But there was no such
5 act, and that is why this conflict between a police unit and the terrorist
6 unit in Racak was used as an excuse and an allegation of Serb forces
7 against civilians. And of course that, too, was the immediate cause for
8 the so-called Rambouillet talks, and the Rambouillet talks was the pretext
9 for the criminal aggression.
10 I wish to tell the public quite openly here there were no
11 negotiations in Rambouillet. Never did the Serbian and Albanian
12 delegation meet in Rambouillet at all, not once. The American team
13 carried out its own programme, and they made certain statements
14 separately. And the entire alleged agreement from Rambouillet, which any
15 normal citizen all over the planet would see as the result of talks in
16 Rambouillet, was published in an Albanian newspaper Koha Ditore two days
17 prior to the very beginning of Rambouillet.
18 This is also a fact which it is very easy to check out. I
19 personally held that newspaper in my hands. And we all thought that this
20 was Albanian separatist propaganda, writing up some nonsense which was
21 simply something that was impossible to envisage. And Rambouillet was the
22 course for an invasion of Yugoslavia.
23 And while the talks were going on, people could see there that
24 Hasim Taci had meetings in restaurants. And they already knew what was in
25 the offing and what they were going to do. Of course, we didn't.
1 And today the Americans are demanding that all people connected to
2 terrorists should be arrested. And on that basis, Clark and Albright and
3 its other officials should be arrested immediately, because there is no
4 doubt at all with respect to them that they had deep-rooted connections
5 with the terrorists.
6 What no predecessor did before him the Democrat Clinton did. He
7 proclaimed genocide as a state policy. He said that there would be no
8 victims on their side. He proclaimed the destruction of an independent
9 and sovereign state 776 times weaker, 10.000 kilometres away from America,
10 as a target for a war without casualties. And to make it an even greater
11 absurdity, Yugoslavia had no disputes with anyone of those states, any
12 disputes of a territorial or of any other nature, nor had it attacked
13 anyone, nor was it a threat to any neighbouring state.
14 Genocide is a means that all the colonial powers in history use to
15 fulfil their interests. In both Americas, north and south, in Africa, and
16 Asia, all the colonial powers fulfilled their interests through genocide.
17 Neo-colonialism has resorted to the same instrument. The whole world
18 should hear this alarm bell ringing because the whole world is the target
19 of neo-colonialism, including the rather tired and sleepy Europe. America
20 could achieve its leading role by spreading prosperity, new technologies,
21 free trade, cultural values, and not by disseminating bloodshed and
22 suffering among hundreds of millions of people.
23 A leading world role was achieved by the strength of the sword
24 during the Roman Empire, and that is why I said in public that Clinton has
25 missed the millennium. This was a way of achieving a leading role 2.000
1 years ago and certainly not in the third millennium. Nobody will be able
2 to conceal or justify the monstrous crimes committed in NATO in the
3 Yugoslav part of the European continent at the threshold of the new
4 millennium in spite of ten years of media demonisation of Serbia, the Serb
5 people, the intensified production of a factory of lies in a media war in
6 which the global networks were misused. And even today, prior to this
7 hearing, to this trial, there were a series of stories, and when they told
8 me about them, I said they have to work hard to cover up the truth. The
9 truth cannot be covered up easily. They have to work hard, but still they
10 won't be able to cover up the truth.
11 However, by deceiving one's own public through a systematic
12 manufacturing of lies, they have actually abolished democracy for their
13 own public precisely to the extent to which they have withdrawn their
14 right to truthful information. You can have the best possible mechanism,
15 but if you feed with it lies, it cannot produce results that are humane,
16 honest, progressive, and justified in civilisational terms.
17 Those are the means of war, what the media have done to destroy
18 states and peoples which they wish to place under their control. That is
19 why it is the task of this farce of a trial to legalise the crime, the
20 proportions of which I have only partially been able to outline.
21 You have heard and yesterday I drew attention to many elements of
22 the statements that are full of untruths and which only show that this is
23 a mere stage-managing by secret services.
24 I forgot to mention yesterday. I heard here that in 1989 there
25 were a hundred dead at some demonstrations and then 27 dead. If that had
1 been so, who could have concealed that in Serbia? No one ever heard of
2 any such thing. And why are such lies being bandied about when people
3 over there simply could not believe them? The whole of Yugoslavia knew.
4 We're a small country, and the minor traffic accident is known about, not
5 to mention a hundred dead at demonstrations or 27 dead. That's something
6 no one could conceal. And anyway, they started out the statement in a
7 malicious way, using examples of tragedies that occurred in Croatia and
8 Bosnia. I don't know whether they did occur. Maybe they did. And
9 certainly they are major tragedies.
10 And all of this is tragic, and no one can deny that, but surely
11 aren't there horrific crimes in your own countries? Don't your courts
12 have anyone to try in England when somebody commits a murder or sets fire
13 to a house? Do you attribute this to the British Prime Minister by saying
14 that he knew or ought to have reason to know? I don't believe that the
15 president of the municipality in a place where some madman committed such
16 a horrendous crime which certainly did take place. Only someone who
17 doesn't know what a civil war is could say that, who doesn't know that in
18 a civil war everyone is armed, and every man who is drunk with a
19 machine-gun can kill who he likes, and that this cannot be resolved
20 individually but only by an effort to stop the war, to stop the madness,
21 to resort to law and order, to stop weapons and to normalise life. And
22 that is what we have done. We did everything we could to put an end to
23 the war. And that is why these accusations are simply proof that in fact
24 you have no evidence for your real objectives.
25 At the beginning, you said you would not talk about politics, but
1 yourselves kept talking about politics only for a whole day. On the other
2 hand, the crimes that were committed, and I spoke about them, and they
3 were committed all over Yugoslavia, and I admire those that can sleep
4 after all of that. My advantage is that I can look any one in the eye. I
5 defended my country honourably and chivalrously, and I can say that the
6 Yugoslav army and the police also defended their country honourably and
7 chivalrously and that they did not stain their honour in any way.
8 I will not go into the details, but I will present some
9 documents. However, it is quite clear what this is all about. There are
10 orders, orders proving; orders on treatment of captured terrorists, that
11 they should be treated in accordance with the provisions of international
12 war law and the Geneva Conventions; an order prohibiting burning of
13 Albanian houses, prohibiting looting abandoned houses, treatment in
14 accordance with the rules of international war law in the army of
15 Yugoslavia. The first order was issued on the 28th of June, 1998, half a
16 year before the war, when the terrorists started their activities. These
17 were orders that were respected and which were implemented by all. What
18 else can a Supreme Command do but give orders that that is how people
19 should be treated, that rules should be respected and the perpetrators
20 arrested and brought to justice?
21 The treatment of enemy soldiers, there's an order about that. The
22 perpetrators of criminal acts and the references to our own citizens or
23 members of the army or the police should immediately be taken before a
24 military tribunal. Then the question war law, collection of facts and
25 material evidence linked to crimes against humanity and against
1 international war law. And all these things, these were orders issued
2 during the war in 1999, and all these orders are in existence.
3 The order on the reception and deployment of volunteers and their
4 psychological instructions. And this was issued because there was an
5 order on not to allow paramilitary formations. Every unit had an order,
6 and all these are orders of the Supreme Command which are in existence,
7 that every paramilitary formation should be arrested and disarmed. And if
8 anyone, a citizen as a member justifies his presence in that formation
9 with some kind of patriotism and the wish to assist the country, unless he
10 committed a crime, in which case he would be sent to prison, he would be
11 sent to register as a volunteer and to be deployed in a particular unit
12 but never in groups. We never allow the formation of any paramilitary
13 formations. Paramilitary formations usually consist of looters and not
14 patriots. People who go and loot, burn, and kill the innocent.
15 The orders have to be carried out through the chain of command,
16 through the duty officers. The order on full implementation of the
17 provisions of the international law on war, an order on investigative
18 procedures, and so on and so forth. An order on strict respect of the
19 provisions of the Geneva Conventions and the law of war. And summaries
20 were prepared for senior officers. And in all the orders it says that all
21 commands and units have to familiarise themselves with these and act
23 So there is a special order here that I also mentioned, a separate
24 one, an order prohibiting the existence and activities of paramilitary
25 formations in the areas of responsibility of the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Armies,
1 the air force and anti-aircraft defences and navy. These are all the
2 armed forces of Yugoslavia. There is not a square millimetre of Yugoslav
3 territory that is not within the area of responsibility of either the 1st,
4 2nd, or 3rd Army, or the navy and the air force. But according to the
5 vertical hierarchy, the chain of command, all those structures are
6 forwarded this order that there may be no paramilitary formations. And
7 all these orders exist. So what then can you expect from a Supreme
8 Commander or head of state to do more than that?
9 I will not go on reading. There are rules on abiding by the rules
10 and regulations of war law, extending specialised assistance to units in
11 this connection, which means not just a simple order but that senior
12 officers should go on the spot to assist. In this connection, measures
13 taken by the supreme headquarters and so on, warnings regarding full
14 respect of the provisions of international law on war, directives on
15 engagement, measures taken for the judicial -- military judicial
16 authorities to act and their activities to be included in combat daily
17 reports and so on and so forth.
18 I cannot read all this here because there's too little time, but
19 you must assume that all of this exists and that it will be made available
20 to you.
21 And I heard that the authorities in Yugoslavia will not reveal any
22 military secrets because military secrets are confidential. Let them
23 reveal any military secret that accuse me or the army or the police force
24 of Yugoslavia, every order, every instruction, every directive, every
25 suggestion. That is why this is so shameful, that those orders are not
1 dead letter on paper. There is evidence that precisely pursuant to those
2 orders during the combat activities in the NATO aggression when there was
3 looting and rapings and killings committed by a soldier here and there,
4 even a lower-level officer or a policeman or a civilian, those were
5 arrested and punished.
6 And the priorities were as follows so that the bodies in charge
7 should act as accordingly: So war crimes. The letters are very fine.
8 First came war crimes against the civilian population, Article 142,
9 paragraph 1 of the Criminal Code of the SFRY. Then killing of several
10 people, Article 47, paragraph 2, subparagraph 6 of the Criminal Code of
11 Serbia. Murder, Article 42, paragraph 2. Murder and complicity in
12 murder, raping, rape out of negligence, attempted rape, robbery and --
13 JUDGE MAY: Mr. Milosevic, can you slow down.
14 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] ... grave armed robberies implying
15 killings as well. Then also grave robberies, robberies and taking away
16 vehicles. According to all of these legal grounds, people were arrested.
17 This did not remain on paper, only these orders. What else do you
18 expect? Of course if you know that there had to be such consequences in
19 the chaos of war and bombings, if this even happens, what else can you
20 expect an authority to do, a Supreme Command to do but all of this and to
21 act in accordance with these provisions? And there is proof that action
22 was taken in accordance with these provisions, and that is why this is
23 nonsensical. And that is why this farce was conceived of with some kind
24 of witnesses who come from an environment where it is admirable to lie as
25 a witness in order to tarnish the enemy. Whether lives and deaths are at
1 the hands of those who killed them or, rather, their compatriots and other
2 people, too, in Kosovo and Metohija.
3 That is why I think that this concept that I heard here is indeed
4 insulting to the average intelligence of any person on this planet. You
5 are preparing to prove here that the suffering in war is great, that
6 people get killed during the war, that people get wounded during the war,
7 that victims suffer greatly during the war. Everybody knows that. We
8 know that the best, we who had the largest number of wars in Europe.
9 However, to prove all of that here, in order to prove how great the
10 suffering of victims is only in order to evade the real issue and that
11 is: How come there was a war? How come there was this crime in
13 The whole idea I have heard here is actually an inversion of
14 arguments. That is to say, instead of dealing with the true tragedies
15 that had befallen a people and individuals. Who can deny that? So it is
16 this inverted thesis, and you cannot see the forest from the trees.
17 I personally am honoured to have defended my country from NATO
18 aggression in an honourable and chivalrous way. And their prisoners, the
19 Americans, I let them go home because I explained this by saying that they
20 were also victims of the war. They wrote letters to thank those who had
21 taken care of them. And I am honoured by the fact that they could not set
22 foot on Yugoslav soil throughout the aggression. They had experienced a
23 fiasco. However, they came after the war, under the guise of the
24 Protection Force of the UN, according to Resolution 1244, and they turned
25 into occupying troops that in collaboration with their allies, Albanian
1 terrorists, they continued their policies Kosovo, and with their puppet
2 government in Belgrade they continued with the selling of Yugoslavia.
3 Hitler had to occupy Yugoslavia first, too, in order to launch his
4 attack against Russia, and again the Albanians were his allies. However,
5 we had returned, and we shall return again. Therefore, their employers
6 should not think that they will be successful with this farce. This will
7 only increase the shame in the crime itself.
8 As for the indictment -- I mean, I'm referring to the Prosecution,
9 the opposing side. We have heard a lot about this so-called plan of a
10 Greater Serbia in this fiery speech made by the Prosecutor in order to
11 join the indictments. We heard this endless accusation of the criminal
12 enterprise to create a Greater Serbia. We heard that the intention, the
13 plan to do so was actually the threat of crimes that are being ascribed to
14 me. And when they say this, they say that in this intention of ours, to
15 create a Greater Serbia, our intention was to kill Croats, Muslims, and
16 Albanians. Not only to expel them, to kill them. And then on the basis
17 of this idea of Greater Serbian danger or aspirations or a centralised
18 Serbian state - all of these are expressions that I heard from them - or
19 this plan has aimed at the creation of such a state, I have to disappoint
20 them. They have done very poorly with this idea.
21 First of all, this idea never existed. Secondly, a Greater
22 Albania did exist, not only as an idea but it had actually come through.
23 This was a creation of Nazism and Fascism in the Second World War. And
24 then it sprang up once again over these past few years in a slightly
25 altered version with slightly altered substance and protagonists.
1 Had you known Balkan history over the past two centuries, you
2 could not have made such an error, and that is why I say that you have
3 done so poorly on that score. Greater Serbia is not a Serbian programme
4 at all. This is an expression of the Austro-Hungarian policy to take the
5 Balkans and the propoganda that served this policy. And the Serbians were
6 an obstacle to that policy. Austro-Hungarian diplomacy after the Congress
7 of Berlin in 1878 incessantly kept repeating, I quote, that they would
8 "never allow the creation of one state between Danube and the Adriatic
9 Sea," that they would "never allow the creation of a Greater Serbia or a
10 greater Montenegro." This is Gluhovski [phoen] the Foreign Minister of
11 Austro-Hungary, saying this.
12 Creating any kind of independent Serbia was considered to be a
13 major obstacle by Austro-Hungary in terms of their aspirations towards the
14 Balkans and the East. They thought that Austria had to become stronger in
15 Serbia. And it had to be, as they had put it, the master of Serbia so
16 that they could move further to the east. The -- it was Prinz Eugen
17 Savojski who tried to move through Belgrade. There is even this song that
18 the Austro-Hungarian soldiers sang of Prinz Eugen, the noble knight who
19 took the fort of Belgrade, and then he moved further down south to the
20 Varda River and the Dardanells.
21 So this was Austro-Hungarian policy, especially in
22 Bosnia-Herzegovina, that Austro-Hungary occupied after the Congress in
23 Berlin. As you know full well, they went so far as to say that whatever
24 was Serb was called belonging to a Greater Serbia, including books,
25 institutions. The Austrian diplomat Benjamin Kalay, who was the
1 occupation governor of Bosnia-Herzegovina from 1883 or, rather, 1882 until
2 1903, he wrote in a book of his about the eastern tasks of
3 Austro-Hungary. This exists in the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
4 And he said that the place of the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans
5 should be taken over by Austro-Hungary, and in order to do this, they have
6 to dominate the Danubian area and the Adriatic and from the Danube to the
7 Adriatic, and they will be capable of doing that only if they build up two
8 elements of their strategy that would be key elements. The first one is
9 establishing a system of small mutually hostile states that do not have
10 the ability to resist Austria; and secondly, narrowing down Russian
11 interests and Russian interest spheres by all means in Southern Europe.
12 So this concept of building these trench statelets, so to speak
13 was been functioning today as well. And this was supposed to serve the
14 purpose of keeping, as they called it, the balance of the Balkans; that is
15 to say, to prevent Russian expansion and to create pre-conditions for the
16 penetration of Austria towards the Bosphorus the Dardanelles, and the
17 Istanbul. So this myth of a Greater Serbia and of a danger of Serbia in
18 South-eastern Europe and in Europe in general, the foundations for this
19 were actually laid by Austro-Hungary propoganda.
20 Later interpretations between the two World Wars during the war,
21 Hitler, Mussolini, and also throughout the twentieth century, this all
22 practically builds upon these views of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The
23 Serb freedom-loving aspirations were a major obstacle on the path of
24 Austro-Hungary and Nazi Germany to establish a stronghold in the Balkans.
25 When Austria was taken out of the process of German unification and also
1 after losses in Austria. Losses in Austria and Italy had to be
2 compensated for in the Balkans and the Serb movement was the main obstacle
3 on that path. Then the occupation of Bosnia-Herzegovina came and then
4 they systematically started developing a theory on the aggressive and
5 domineering tendencies of Serbia and this danger of a Greater Serbia in
6 the Balkans. All of these are historical facts.
7 Until the nineteenth century what was emphasised all the time was
8 the danger of Pan-Slavism. And after the 1890s, the danger of a Greater
10 As for their own conquests, they were justified by the alleged
11 wishes of Serbia to conquer.
12 After the liberation Balkan wars of 1912 and 1913 - these were
13 liberation wars from the Turks, when we liberated ourselves from the
14 Turks - in Vienna it was assessed that the creation of a Greater Serbia
15 had started. Imagine that interest. Our liberation from the Turks meant
16 the creation of a Greater Serbia or its beginning and that this process
17 had to be stopped even by a major world war.
18 Austrian policies later, under the guise of preventing the
19 spreading of the danger of Serb -- a Greater Serbia, they denied
20 Vojvodina, its autonomy in 1860. They arrested Svetozar Milic in 1886.
21 Bosnia-Herzegovina was occupied in 1887. In all these ways Austria
22 carefully tried to neutralise Serb factor in the Balkans. This policy was
23 later a foundation for the genocide committed against the Serbs in World
24 War I and World War II and nowadays. This is part of that policy.
25 According to the already-mentioned Minister Gluhovski [phoen], the
1 Balkan issue can be resolved by the creation of one Greece, a greater
2 Romania, a greater Bulgaria, a weak Serbia, a small Montenegro, and
3 finally Albania. That did not exist. The Austrian Ambassador in Berlin,
4 Godfried Hanaloi [phoen], let me quote him. He says that the "pillars of
5 the Austro-Hungarian monarchy are the development and strengthening of
6 Albania as a counterbalance to the Slavs in the Balkans."
7 In a paper from 1907, it is emphasised that the monarchy, the
8 Austro-Hungarian monarchy, has to have safe borders because they used to
9 call themselves "The Monarchy." Others did not exist in their books. So
10 safe borders of the monarchy on the south. "And it is well known that we
11 will not achieve these safe borders until we bring to an end the Greater
12 Serbian dreams for the future, the creation of any kind of independent
13 Serbia constitutes a danger."
14 Safe borders meant the establishment of an independent and united
15 Albania, the maintenance of friendly ties with Montenegro and the creation
16 after greater Bulgaria with, I quote, "The proviso that they owe us their
18 That is where the explanation lies, why everything that was Serb
19 was proclaimed belonging to a Greater Serbia and aspiring for a Greater
20 Serbia and that is why genocide was carried out against the Serbs in World
21 War I and World War II.
22 But why now? Why did the Nazis create this Greater Albania? Why
23 is an effort being made now to create the same concept? Bosnia, Croatia,
24 Vojvodina, Kosovo, Greater Albania. And there is proof there of what is
25 being attempted here on that other side of this illegal courtroom, is only
1 a tool for this policy that has had a long continuity of crime over Serbia
2 and the Serb people.
3 As for everything that I have been saying, there are many books of
4 history, and what you are telling me in this pitiful indictment was
5 gathered from mere journalistic pamphlets. And the wind will blow them
6 away. They were written in order to serve the purposes of propaganda and
7 a purpose of committing a crime against the Serbian people. On the other
8 hand, the notion of a Greater Serbia never existed among the Serbs as some
9 kind of responsible programme undertaken by the government or any other
10 relevant political force.
11 I have already said once here, as I was denying this thesis of a
12 Greater Serbia by giving facts, that in the recent events of the last
13 decade of the twentieth century, that on the day when the Federal Republic
14 of Yugoslavia was established on the 28th of April, 1992, at the same
15 session where the Constitution of Yugoslavia was adopted, it was made
16 public that the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Serbia, and Montenegro do
17 not have any territorial aspirations towards any one of the former
18 Yugoslav republics.
19 As for Kosovo, the whole situation is so paradoxical and this can
20 be seen by the fact that the Albanians in Kosovo and Metohija who claim to
21 have been mistreated and persecuted for centuries have attained such a
22 level of development in Serbia that nowadays it is Pristina rather than
23 Tirana that wants to play a major role in the setting up of Albania.
24 Well, Christopher Hill told me that when we go to Yugoslavia, to
25 Yugoslav territory and when we enter Kosovo from Albania, we have the
1 impression that we have entered Disneyland. They had an independent state
2 of their own, and you see what their state looks like. What attracted
3 them to Kosovo and Metohija was this major development that they had
4 undergone and hence this project of a Greater Albanian state. And this
5 constitutes a great danger and it jeopardises the stability of all of
6 South-eastern Europe. And a greater anachronism is the tendency to create
7 at all costs an ethnically pure Albania. This is a great deficiency in
8 European logic and also the Albanian intellectual and cultural elites, but
9 this European logic has been abandoned by European politicians to have
10 embarked on the path of neo-colonialism, the new world order which is
11 working for the purpose of achieving its own objectives. These were not
12 only programmes of former colonial powers, but they also recruit
13 terrorists and mere criminals.
14 Have we come to the end of our time for today?
15 JUDGE MAY: Yes, it's 4.00. We will adjourn now and resume at
16 half past nine on Monday.
17 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 4.04 p.m,
18 to be reconvened on Monday, the 18th day
19 of February, 2000 at 9.30 a.m.