Tribunal Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Page 45314

1 Tuesday, 18 October 2005

2 [Open session]

3 [The accused entered court]

4 --- Upon commencing at 9.02 a.m.

5 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, I understand there are some

6 matters that you wish to raise in the absence of the witness, or before

7 the witness comes in.

8 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Yes, Mr. Robinson.

9 THE INTERPRETER: Microphone, please.

10 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] It has to do with your decision, a

11 ruling that I received at the beginning of the break, and it wants me to

12 submit a list of witnesses to the end. And just briefly let me tell you

13 that I spent a whole week making a rigorous selection. As you know, I

14 have on my list over 1.600 witnesses, and that list is composed of, as

15 I've already informed you, of 5.000 witnesses to begin with. So bearing

16 in mind the need to reduce the time necessary, I was very rigorous in

17 making a selection. I cannot say that it is perfect. There might be room

18 for adjustment, minor ones, but having made the selection for Kosovo, I

19 still have 15 witnesses. For Croatia, I would need a total of 74

20 witnesses. And for Bosnia-Herzegovina, six -- or, rather, 106.

21 As far as the list of witnesses which I formulated as hostile

22 witnesses, that list, and I handed in that list 20 months ago, on it there

23 were 22 witnesses, and I have reduced that to just four, four witnesses on

24 that list, that is say Clinton, Blair, Clark, and Schroeder. So that

25 would make it 199 witnesses in total, and that is the bare minimum.

Page 45315

1 JUDGE ROBINSON: What is the time that you would spend with these

2 witnesses in examination-in-chief?

3 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] According to my estimates, as

4 precise as I could make them, of course, 422 hours would be the total time

5 I would need to examine those witnesses. And I handed in that list

6 yesterday, as you requested, pursuant to your ruling, because you did ask

7 me to draw up the list and to establish and determine the time necessary

8 for those witnesses. So that is the minimum, and I cannot reduce the list

9 further.

10 As you can see, I have reduced it eight times. It is eight times

11 smaller than an already reduced list, so from 1.600 witnesses to a bare

12 199.

13 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, if you are to believed you started

14 with 5.000 and then you went to 1.600, these figures, as you know, are

15 wholly realistic and don't help us in arriving at a reasonable decision as

16 to the length of time that you should have for your case, because you very

17 well know that we can't hear 1.600 witnesses. But we are just

18 receiving --

19 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Mr. Robinson, I've just told you

20 that is why I made a rigorous selection and reduced that, as I said, to

21 199 witnesses, which is quite a lot less than the number of witnesses

22 produced by Mr. Nice. Mr. Nice had over 300 witnesses here. Therefore, I

23 consider that this is very realistic, even bearing in mind all your fairly

24 firm criteria and the time constraints that you bring up.

25 JUDGE ROBINSON: Have you concluded, Mr. Milosevic?

Page 45316

1 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] I just wanted to mention another

2 thing, and that is that once again I would like to emphasise the following

3 fact: I was not clear from the very outset about the method of how, with

4 300 days which was used by Mr. Nice, the time -- my half time has been

5 reduced to 150. How does that come about? And Mr. Tomanovic asked the

6 Registrar to provide him with the records of how long each witness

7 testified for the other side, and the response that he received was the

8 following: First, it said, "I'm afraid there is no such record kept by

9 this office [In English] since it was not created at the time, nor by the

10 Registry."

11 [Interpretation] So that I'm going to persevere and raise my

12 objection again and state that that time was calculated off the bat. And

13 it affected my time, which I had to shorten. And the other letter my

14 associate received is this, at his insistence. It says the following:

15 "[In English] After consulting with the chief in CMSS --"

16 [Interpretation] I don't know what this CMSS is -- "on the matter of the

17 time used during Prosecution and Defence case, I can inform you that the

18 records kept by Registry are confidential -- so kept by the Registry are

19 confidential and therefore cannot be disclosed to the parties. Concerning

20 the same issue and upon your request, the Office of the Prosecutor has

21 been contacted to do likewise. No such records are kept in the OTP."

22 [Interpretation] So all in all, I think that when we bear in mind

23 the fact that Mr. Nice here had some 350 witnesses, then this is more than

24 a hundred witnesses less. And let me repeat: I have made my selection

25 applying very rigorous methods, and I think that I really do need to hear

Page 45317

1 and examine these 199 witnesses. 15 would be Kosovo, 74 would be for

2 Croatia, and 106 for Bosnia, and the remaining four are the ones on my

3 hostile witness list, that is to say Clinton, Clark, Blair, and Schroeder.


5 And I would once again like to emphasise, as you know already,

6 that when the Kosovo trial started there were two other indictments which

7 relate to a period of five years, and several hundred thousand pages were

8 provided me for my examination or, rather, the examination-in-chief of

9 Kosovo witnesses, and I haven't managed to get through all those pages,

10 nor have my associates yet. That is impossible. You gave me two weeks to

11 prepare the statement between Kosovo and the portion for Croatia and

12 Bosnia, and it was impossible to look through all that material either.

13 So we're faced with a situation as if somebody said you've got a heart

14 operation to do, a lege artis heart operation, go ahead and get through it

15 in half an hour.

16 So taking into account every effort that is being made to reduce

17 the time as much as possible and make the best possible use of it, I

18 really do need to examine these 199 witnesses. And I've already told you

19 the total time would be 422 hours to hear them all.

20 [Trial Chamber confers]

21 MR. NICE: I don't know if the Court would allow me to make just

22 two points, or three. I imagine they are points that the Court will have

23 in mind, but I thought they might be helpful.

24 JUDGE ROBINSON: Very briefly.

25 MR. NICE: Yes, Your Honour. The -- so far as we can calculate,

Page 45318

1 examination-in-chief for all but the largest witnesses taken so far is

2 between 7 and 10 hours. We've been going ten months. And 199 witnesses,

3 roughly five times as the many we've taken already. So looked at in

4 absolutely global terms and were things to move at the same pace, another

5 four or five years would be required for that number of witnesses taken at

6 the same time. And looked at in terms of the accused's own analysis, even

7 if he were right that 422 -- 422 hours would be all he would require for

8 examination-in-chief, I think that would come to, in itself, about eight

9 months.

10 JUDGE BONOMY: There's an odd statement in the transcript. You

11 said we've been going ten months.

12 MR. NICE: In the Defence case.

13 JUDGE BONOMY: And 199 witnesses.

14 MR. NICE: No. We've been going ten months. 199 witnesses

15 proposed for the future is roughly five times as many as we've taken

16 already, so that it's about 50 months, again just looked at in very global

17 terms.

18 JUDGE ROBINSON: Thank you, Mr. Nice.

19 Mr. Milosevic, the Chamber will set a time to consider this

20 matter. We'll set a date and perhaps have an hour at a Status Conference

21 to deal with the matters that you've raised. But let me say that you have

22 used absolutely wrong indices in arriving at your conclusions. The

23 Chamber has been very, very careful and scrupulous in working out the

24 time, and we have done it on the basis of hours so as to ensure that you

25 have the same number of hours to present your Defence as the Prosecution

Page 45319

1 had in presenting its case.

2 The second matter is that the Prosecution utilised quite

3 extensively written statements, 89(F) and 92 bis. In fact, only one-third

4 of the Prosecution witnesses were called live.

5 Thirdly, the Prosecution time, the time spent by the Prosecution

6 in its case, was enlarged by the time that you spent cross-examining

7 Prosecution witnesses.

8 I'm going to ask you to pass over to the Chamber the two letters

9 that you have from the Registry, because the Chamber does not have those

10 letters, so we can examine them. And we will announce the date and time

11 for the Status Conference to discuss these matters.

12 Let us have the witness called.

13 MR. NICE: Your Honour, the Court may know that --

14 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] May I just --

15 THE INTERPRETER: Microphone, please. Could the microphone be

16 adjusted.

17 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] 420 hours is less than 100 working

18 days, and I cannot understand that Mr. Nice says that for 100 working days

19 you would need five years. I don't understand that.

20 Rule 89(F), on the other hand, since the Chamber allowed Mr. Nice

21 to apply that Rule, mostly without an examination-in-chief, even if I

22 wanted to use it, I don't have the conditions for that. 89(F) requires a

23 great deal of time, talking to the witness, collecting all the documents,

24 and so on and so forth and their statements. So without that basic of

25 resources which Mr. May always said you would be considering and never

Page 45320

1 considered the element of time, that is just not feasible. So if we

2 eliminate that basic resource, then all the other conditions become

3 meaningless. So please bear that in mind. I think that is clear to one

4 and all.

5 JUDGE ROBINSON: Well, let us not have the discussion now. We

6 will have it at the status conference.

7 MR. NICE: And, Your Honour, we haven't been provided with the

8 list of witnesses. It was ex parte. May we have one at some stage on

9 some terms?

10 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. Let the witness be called.

11 [The witness entered court]


13 [Witness answered through interpreter]

14 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, you are to begin your

15 re-examination. And I had some comments to make about re-examination and

16 how you might re-examine this witness, and accordingly I'd expect you to

17 be as brief as possible. You may begin.

18 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. Robinson. I shall do

19 my best to be as rational with my time as possible.

20 Could this map be displayed, please, the one that Mr. Nice placed

21 before the witness during the cross-examination. May it be placed on the

22 overhead projector, because I have several questions related to that map.

23 Thank you.

24 Re-examined by Mr. Milosevic:

25 Q. [Interpretation] Mr. Janicevic, William Walker, in his statement,

Page 45321

1 said, "While I was watching that terrible site somebody who was there

2 before said there are many more corpses." And explained how, moving

3 across the dried up riverbed, he saw individual bodies, that a large

4 number were in civilian clothing and finally he came across a group of 12,

5 and so on and so forth. And he called the location a ditch, a gully.

6 Now, on the basis of this photograph, it is an aerial photograph,

7 can you identify the place that Walker referred to as gully?

8 A. Yes. According to the photographs that I saw previously and on

9 the basis of this one here, the map of Racak, the gully is here.

10 Q. Please answer simply and clearly. Could the verifiers see the

11 gully from the point they were stationed at?

12 A. The verifiers were in this location here, at this crossroads. One

13 group was there; and the second group, from 10.00 a.m., was at the

14 military police checkpoint up here; and the third group was a little

15 further off. You can't see it on this map. This group could see with

16 their naked eyes what was happening there from this location.

17 Q. All right. Can you see a square 5, number 5? It says 5 of 10,

18 and there are two arrows moving in two directions.

19 A. Yes, I can see that.

20 Q. On the left-hand side, on the legend for this aerial photograph,

21 it says that the gully is at number 5 where 23 persons killed were found,

22 and the white line is the road leading from Sadik Osmani's house. That is

23 the explanation given in the legend attached to the map. It is in English

24 on the left-hand side under number 5. It says that that is where the

25 gully lies where 23 persons were killed, and the white line is the road

Page 45322

1 running from Sadik Osmani's house.

2 A. This is the white line.

3 Q. Yes, that's right. Is there something illogical; and if there is,

4 would you explain it to us here?

5 A. Yes, there is something quite illogical. First of all, on that

6 location it is recorded that seven corpses of killed terrorists were found

7 and not 23 as William Walker claimed, because 5/10 and the two arrows, two

8 locations, seven bodies were found there. And if you add all that

9 together, take it altogether, add up the figures, it would appear that in

10 all the locations there were a total of 47 bodies of terrorists.

11 Q. Thank you. Now, in his statement Walker claims that one of the

12 verifiers said that there were more bodies, 16 -- on the 16th, and he --

13 they asked him whether he wanted to see them, and he said that he had seen

14 enough. Do you know that there were more bodies, and what does that mean

15 if there were?

16 A. Well, there is the possibility of those who prepared the scenario,

17 for this so-called scenario, had got hold of another location with another

18 number of bodies to throw all this information before the world, but quite

19 obviously the producer and director was satisfied with what he had

20 achieved with his first contingency.

21 Q. Very well. Now, in the cross-examination by Mr. Nice, you

22 answered one of his questions linked to the events in Racak and said that

23 you had operative positions in the staff of the Nerodimlje operative zone

24 itself, and I didn't -- I don't think you finished your answer, you

25 completed your answer.

Page 45323

1 A. Well, Mr. Nice interrupted me, but what I said was that we had

2 operative positions in the staff and headquarters itself of the zone, of

3 the Nerodimlje operative zone, and from there we receive the right

4 information, valid information and accurate information. For example,

5 that in the evening hours of the 15th members of KDOM were at a meeting --

6 attended a meeting in the village of Petrovo where it was decided that

7 only nine -- the bodies of only nine terrorist KLA soldiers be shown, and

8 that all the other bodies should be the bodies of civilians, that that was

9 decided.

10 Q. We won't be needing this any longer.

11 A. May I just explain something else, something I've noticed?

12 Q. Please go ahead.

13 A. May I, sir? "VJ MUP tanks" is written in this particular square.

14 I can't read this because I don't speak English. This is it. On that

15 position, there were no members of the army of Yugoslavia, there was only

16 an armoured vehicle of the police, with a certain number of policemen, who

17 protected the left wing of the unit that was surrounded. The army was up

18 here, at this location here, where the military police checkpoint was.

19 In this area here where the forest can be seen, that's where the

20 army was, not over here, where it says that the army was there. And the

21 MUP was not there at all.

22 Q. All right. Can we remove it from the overhead projector now.

23 JUDGE KWON: What kind of armoured vehicle was it that was used by

24 MUP at that time?

25 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] A combat armoured vehicle that any

Page 45324












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 45325

1 police force in the world has. An armoured combat vehicle which has a

2 machine-gun of up to 12.7 millimetres calibre, which is used in

3 emergencies. It has wheels. It doesn't have caterpillars.

4 JUDGE KWON: Thank you.

5 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

6 Q. Can you just briefly answer some other questions I have for you.

7 You said in the cross-examination that you were about 250 metres away from

8 Racak.

9 A. Yes, approximately.

10 Q. Tell me very precisely, when you came in the morning, what did you

11 see? Did you see the Verification Mission on the spot?

12 A. At two locations I saw vehicles of the Verification Mission with

13 the verifiers; the location I showed a few moments ago, and Kostanje, too,

14 which can be seen when one enters Stimlje from the direction of Urosevac.

15 And it can be seen from the yard of the police station where I was.

16 Q. All right. That's what you explained. I just want to ask you

17 something.

18 Several times during your explanations you used the word "trench"

19 or "bunker." On page 44941 of your testimony in the transcript, you

20 explain: "[In English] Between 10.30 and 1200 hours, two more terrorists

21 were killed in the middle of the village, in a bunker that we didn't know

22 about, didn't know existed, or we can -- it wasn't actually a bunker. It

23 was a shelter of some sort."

24 [Interpretation] When you use the word "bunker," do you use it in

25 a broad meaning for shelters, too, or are you only talking about bunkers?

Page 45326

1 A. I did not restrict myself to bunkers only but shelters too. After

2 all, in street fighting, any wall, any shed can be used as shelter, as a

3 bunker, anything that can protect from fire.

4 Q. All right. Could this map please be placed on the overhead

5 projector now, the one that Mr. Nice explained that he took from our

6 information.

7 On the left-hand side the killed members of the KLA are marked in

8 green, and on the right-hand side a group of civilians who survived,

9 almost all of them. He claimed that in your documents for the killed

10 persons it was established that they were KLA, and for the survivors, that

11 they were civilians.

12 Since Mr. Nice said that this is on the basis of our information,

13 do you see the red line leading to this gully?

14 A. Yes, I can see it.

15 Q. This red line, is it derived from some information of ours? To

16 the best of your knowledge, did somebody direct the civilians to go to the

17 gully?

18 A. Absolutely not. I said that I have knowledge that policemen

19 returned civilians, those who had set out in the direction where there was

20 combat operation. They certainly did not direct them to go that way.

21 Q. So that red line is not based on our information in any way?

22 A. It most certainly is not.

23 Q. Thank you.

24 A. I just noticed one more thing. May I just say one more thing in

25 relation to the previous map?

Page 45327

1 I don't know who worked on that map or who drew that map, but it

2 is done in such a way so as to suit to the purposes of the OTP. For

3 example, not a single member of the staff of the terrorists who was killed

4 was shown there. Forty-seven is the total of persons killed in combat in

5 that area. They were dealt with in order to suit someone's purposes. So

6 it's a pure forgery.

7 MR. NICE: Well, that observation is both unfortunate and

8 ill-informed. If one goes through the series of maps of which this one is

9 a part, you'll find maps that show the location of the KLA bunkers and

10 identify where the KLA members were killed. The witness shouldn't be

11 allowed to be making remarks like this, in my submission.

12 JUDGE ROBINSON: Well, we have the maps before us. We'll decide.

13 Yes, Mr. Milosevic.

14 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

15 Q. Mr. Janicevic, the anti-terrorist action in Racak, was it planned

16 in advance?

17 A. Yes.

18 Q. So it was planned in advance.

19 A. Yes, that's right. It was planned in advance.

20 Q. Was it approved by the MUP staff in Pristina?

21 A. Approved by the MUP staff.

22 Q. Was the Verification Mission informed about it?

23 A. The Verification Mission was informed about it, and they sent

24 their representatives to certain locations from which they could see even

25 the most remote parts of Racak.

Page 45328

1 Q. All right. So is there any doubt as to whether the anti-terrorist

2 action was approved, previously planned, that the Verification Mission was

3 informed, et cetera?

4 JUDGE ROBINSON: Don't answer that question. It's leading.

5 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

6 Q. All right. This mission that you said was previously planned,

7 planned in advance, did you say that it was planned at your proposal, your

8 written proposal that you had sent?

9 A. Yes.

10 Q. So to the best of your knowledge, was any action ever planned

11 against civilians?

12 A. Never.

13 Q. What was written in your proposal? What kind of action were you

14 proposing?

15 A. The proposal said that an anti-terrorist operation was required in

16 order to arrest terrorists who carried out several crimes in the area.

17 Around 25 murders of policemen, civilians, and soldiers, 25 people were

18 seriously wounded, and 35 citizens were kidnapped, out of which 14 never

19 returned home.

20 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, this is the kind of matter that I

21 raised at the end of the last -- our last session. The purpose of

22 re-examination is not simply to regurgitate evidence which was led in

23 chief. We have that evidence before us already. If there is an area in

24 respect of which you think the witness's evidence in cross-examination

25 needs rehabilitation, then you can raise that, but it's a waste of time

Page 45329

1 simply bringing to the Chamber evidence which is already before us.

2 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] All right. All right, Mr. Robinson.

3 I wanted to establish this because in the cross-examination, that is

4 precisely what had been challenged. I just wanted to draw your attention

5 to tab 6 from the Racak binder, Mr. Nice's Racak binder.

6 Mr. Robinson, Mr. Nice selectively quoted to the witness. This

7 document is in English so he quoted in English. At the beginning, it

8 says, in the second sentence, this is the 15th of January, the report of

9 the Regional Centre of 1 Prizren, the role in the incident in the area of

10 Stimlje, and I'm just going to read out this first item that was marked.

11 It says: "[In English]... word came of major engagements to the west of

12 Stimlje. DHOM opstina request that RC1 send two patrols to reinforce

13 RC5 ..."

14 Q. [Interpretation] So Mr. Janicevic, what is said here was that they

15 sent these patrols to reinforce this Regional Centre.

16 A. Yes, that's right. I said that around 10.00 either one or two

17 teams of verifiers arrived. I don't know, but I'm sure that one arrived.

18 Q. This has to do with the reinforcement of the existing team of

19 verifiers that was there?

20 A. Yes.

21 Q. Thank you.

22 THE INTERPRETER: Interpreter's note: Could the microphone of the

23 accused please be adjusted. Thank you.

24 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, please speak to the microphone,

25 into the microphone.

Page 45330

1 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Oh, all right. It was my

2 understanding that I could be heard very well. I just wanted to establish

3 this.

4 Mr. Robinson, you cannot reinforce something that was not there in

5 the first place. So the verifiers were there, and then a reinforcement

6 was sent out.

7 JUDGE BONOMY: I think, though, for the sake of completeness, it

8 should be observed that the two patrols that were sent arrived about

9 17.30, according to this record, not 10.00 as the witness has indicated,

10 so we must be taking about somebody else -- at least, he must be talking

11 about somebody else.

12 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] The point was that patrols were sent

13 to reinforce the Regional Centre. And when they arrived --

14 JUDGE BONOMY: I understand that's your point, but that's not what

15 the witness is saying. There's great confusion constantly in this case

16 about whether statements made by either you or Mr. Nice are evidence.

17 They are not. All that is evidence in the case is what the witness says

18 or the witness confirms, and you direct so much of your re-examination to

19 what Mr. Nice has said but which the witness hasn't accepted anyway, in a

20 pointless waste of time.

21 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] All right, Mr. Bonomy.

22 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

23 Q. Mr. Janicevic, you were shown here a book, "As Seen, As Told," and

24 something was quoted to you pertaining to torture in your Secretariat of

25 the Interior. On the basis of what was shown to you here, did you

Page 45331

1 establish that something like that had been seen in your secretariat?

2 A. No, never. What it says in that book, "As Seen, As Told," is

3 something that I never established, nor could I establish something like

4 that, nor did somebody report something like that happened.

5 Q. Now, since it says there that they informed the representatives of

6 the OSCE about that. Just one question: Did any representative of the

7 OSCE ever speak to you about allegations of this kind, that somebody had

8 been tortured at your police station?

9 A. No, never. In our contacts they asked why somebody had been

10 arrested, if they had been arrested, how long they would be kept, whether

11 detention was ordered. But beatings, torture, what that book says, that

12 kind of thing was never mentioned.

13 Q. No one from the OSCE ever addressed you in that way, seeking

14 explanation of this kind of incident?

15 A. Never, and I state that with full responsibility.

16 Q. Thank you, Mr. Janicevic. Just one more thing that Mr. Kwon said

17 that he was interested in in particular. You said -- or, rather, you

18 showed a criminal report against a post office worker who was charging --

19 A. Tax.

20 Q. -- taxes for leaving the country, and that he took more than was

21 prescribed. Mr. Kwon was interested in this in view of the explanation of

22 Mr. Nice that they were being charged this tax in order to leave the

23 country.

24 Could you please have this placed on the overhead projector. This

25 is an Official Gazette of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia that

Page 45332

1 publishes regulations. As you know, these are official documents. So let

2 us explain this about the tax for exiting the country.

3 If possible -- if possible, can we have it enlarged a bit, because

4 this fax is -- the print is rather small.

5 Mr. Janicevic, could you please read the date of the Official

6 Gazette first.

7 A. Tuesday, the 28th of December 1993.

8 Q. Tuesday, the 28th of December 1993?


10 MR. NICE: I have hard copies of these because of Judge Kwon's and

11 the Court's interest, and I was going to make them available at some later

12 stage. There are, I think, three documents we have stapled together but

13 if you want to see them, you can have a hard copy straight away.

14 JUDGE KWON: Translated?

15 MR. NICE: Yes, translated.

16 JUDGE ROBINSON: Thank you.

17 MR. NICE: Not the whole document translated. We selected the

18 part that appeared to be relevant for the purposes of exit tax.

19 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

20 Q. All right. Could you please just read this. On the basis of

21 what?

22 A. On the basis of Article 1866, as far as I can see, of the Law on

23 Foreign Exchange transactions.

24 Q. All right. A decision is brought.

25 A. "On paying a special tax when exiting the Federal Republic of

Page 45333

1 Yugoslavia.

2 "1: Physical persons from the country leaving the Federal

3 Republic of Yugoslavia have the duty to pay a certain tax of 10

4 Deutschmarks or the equivalent of a different foreign currency.

5 "A special tax amounting to 30 Deutschmark or the equivalent in

6 other foreign currency will be paid in another ..." et cetera.

7 Q. So can it be seen here? Is 1993 the year when sanctions were

8 imposed against our country?

9 A. Yes.

10 Q. Every citizen of Yugoslavia leaving the country pays 10

11 Deutschmark as an administrative tax for exiting the country?

12 A. Yes.

13 Q. And 30 Deutschmark, or the equivalent of 30 Deutschmark, is paid

14 for a motor vehicle.

15 A. Yes.

16 Q. Did that pertain to all citizens or did it pertain to Albanians

17 only?

18 A. All citizens of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

19 Q. The tax was -- was paid through banks, post offices, et cetera?

20 A. Yes.

21 Q. So you filed a criminal report against a post office clerk who

22 took this 10 Deutschmark for the tax and asked for even more money.

23 A. Yes, he asked for even more money to be given to him.

24 Q. So does this tax have anything to do with any kind of -- or,

25 rather, is it discriminatory in any way against any citizen of Yugoslavia?

Page 45334

1 A. It is not discriminatory in any way or against any citizens.

2 Q. When you exited the country, did you have to pay that tax?

3 A. Everybody had to pay that tax, myself included.

4 Q. Thank you, Mr. Janicevic. I have no further questions.

5 Questioned by the Court:

6 JUDGE KWON: Mr. Janicevic, you said you had not been aware of

7 this existence of this exit tax at the time of the conflict, didn't you?

8 As a policeman, you didn't know about this tax?

9 A. That's not what I said. I knew that the tax was introduced as far

10 back as in 1993 and that the decision had not been abolished in the

11 meantime. The tax was being paid.

12 JUDGE KWON: So is it your allegation that tax was collected from

13 all the people who deport -- who were transferred outside Kosovo?

14 A. I did not say that. I don't know whether all people had to pay it

15 or not. But there were no transfers from Kosovo. Those who left from

16 Kosovo left of their own free will, and they were fleeing from the

17 conflict.

18 I personally believe that most of these people did not have to pay

19 the tax, but even if they had been charged the tax, there would not have

20 been any legal restrictions in the way of that.

21 Further re-examination by Mr. Milosevic:

22 Q. [Interpretation] Just one more question, Mr. Janicevic. Did

23 anybody charge refugees this tax?

24 A. I don't think so. I never heard of any refugees being charged the

25 exit tax.

Page 45335












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 45336

1 Q. Thank you, Mr. Janicevic.

2 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Janicevic -- exhibits. We will exhibit the

3 tax document that was just presented. Is there a number for it?

4 MR. NICE: While the Court's considering that, the documents that

5 I handed in, in case it is of interest or value to the Court, is both a

6 1993 decree, a further decree of 1994, and the abolition of the tax in

7 2000. It's up to the Court whether it wants them all in or just the first

8 one, obviously.

9 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. Yes, we will exhibit all of them.

10 THE REGISTRAR: That will be D320.

11 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Janicevic, that concludes your testimony.

12 Thank you for coming to the Tribunal to give it, and you may now leave.

13 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Thank you.

14 [The witness withdrew]

15 JUDGE ROBINSON: Please call your next witness, Mr. Milosevic.

16 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] The next witness is General Djosan.

17 [The witness entered court]

18 JUDGE ROBINSON: Let the witness make the declaration.

19 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I solemnly declare that I will

20 speak the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.

21 JUDGE ROBINSON: You may sit.

22 And you may begin, Mr. Milosevic.


24 [Witness answered through interpreter]

25 Examined by Mr. Milosevic:

Page 45337

1 Q. [Interpretation] Good morning, General.

2 A. Good morning, Mr. Milosevic; good morning, Your Honours.

3 Q. Would you please introduce yourself and describe briefly your

4 education and your career.

5 A. I am Milos Djosan, retired general of the Yugoslav People's Army,

6 born on the 28th of February, 1949, in Bistrica village, Zepce

7 municipality, former Bosnia-Herzegovina. I completed my secondary school

8 in Zavidovici. After that, the Air Force Engineering Academy near

9 Sarajevo; after that, the Staff Academy of Air Force and Air Defence; and

10 after that, the School of National Defence. My title is air force

11 electrical engineer, and I have the equivalent of a Ph.D.

12 Q. Where did you serve during the war in Kosovo? What was your zone

13 of responsibility? What was the deployment of your units? And could you

14 please show us all that on the map.

15 A. During the war in Kosovo and Metohija, I was commander of the 52nd

16 Artillery Rocket Brigade of the air defence and also commander of the

17 Djakovica garrison.

18 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Could somebody please put up this

19 map from tab 1, which is an original. I hope you have it among your

20 exhibits.

21 I will provide my map because you have the smaller version. One

22 can better see on mine.

23 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

24 Q. General, my question was: What was your duty during the war in

25 Kosovo? What was your zone of responsibility, and what was the deployment

Page 45338

1 of your units?

2 You have a map behind you now and you can show us.

3 A. Yes. I was waiting for the map. I was commander of the 52nd

4 Artillery Rocket Brigade of the air defence and simultaneously commander

5 of the Djakovica garrison. This air defence brigade did not have an area

6 of responsibility on the ground, but in airspace its area of

7 responsibility completely coincides with the area of the Pristina Corps.

8 So my area of responsibility is exactly the same as that of the Pristina

9 Corps in the air. Air defence units normally don't have an area of

10 responsibility on the ground.

11 Q. I asked you to show us where your units were deployed.

12 A. The units of the brigade in the initial period until the 9th of

13 April, that is the beginning of the Kosare attack, were deployed mainly in

14 the area of Djakovica and attached to certain combat groups within other

15 units.

16 After the 9th of April, they were deployed in such a way as to

17 defend the most important elements of the combat position of the Pristina

18 Corps. Those are Djakovica, which was the command post of the brigade,

19 the Logistics Battalion, and the command of the artillery battalion. The

20 artillery battalion used to be located in Kijevo. Another artillery

21 battalion was located in the area of Gnjilane, a third one in the area of

22 Bec, and the fourth one in the area of Pristina. They had the assignment

23 to protect and defend the most important elements of the Pristina Corps'

24 combat disposition. I hope that will suffice.

25 Q. Thank you, General. So your units were deployed in the areas that

Page 45339

1 you have just shown. From what time were you there?

2 A. I arrived at Djakovica on the 15th July 1998, and from that time

3 on I had the area of responsibility as I described, and my units were in

4 the locations described from the 9th April 1998.

5 Q. Did you receive regular information about the situation in Kosovo

6 and Metohija in the areas and locations where your units were situated?

7 A. We had briefings by superior commanders, we had reporters from

8 other -- reports from other services, and we also had our own personal

9 insight into the situation after we arrived in the area. I was regularly

10 spending stints with all of my units.

11 Q. In 1998 and 1999, were there any terrorist groups in that area?

12 A. Yes, in both years, mainly in the area of Djakovica.

13 Q. So in years 1998 and 1999 while you were there, did you

14 personally, or any unit of yours, have any information about any plan or

15 idea or project to expel Albanians from Kosovo?

16 A. No. I did not have such information, and my units certainly

17 didn't because they couldn't know more than the commander did.

18 Q. In addition to being commander of the brigade, you also assumed

19 the responsibilities of the garrison commander in Djakovica when you

20 arrived there.

21 A. Yes.

22 Q. As the most senior officer in that area, you were simultaneously

23 commander of the Djakovica garrison. Did I understand you correctly about

24 that?

25 A. Yes.

Page 45340

1 Q. Tell us when, as you said, you took over command over the

2 Djakovica garrison in July, what information was available concerning the

3 activities of the KLA and the area in which Djakovica is located and the

4 various activities in that area.

5 A. I would put it this way: I arrived at Djakovica the first time

6 using the longest road through Pristina, Brezovica, and Prizren. That's

7 one of the existing four roads. All the other roads were blocked. All

8 shorter, better roads were blocked. That fact alone, that I had to take

9 the longest round-about way testifies to the situation in Kosovo and

10 Metohija at the time. Most roads were blocked. The territory itself was

11 blocked, and Djakovica, and you can say Metohija, was practically cut off

12 from the rest of Kosovo.

13 Q. Before I ask you about what happened in Djakovica in those days, I

14 think you told us you arrived there as brigade commander and garrison

15 commander, what was the ethnic structure of your units? I'm talking about

16 officers and commanding officers.

17 A. The brigade that I headed was made up mainly of Serbs, but in most

18 command positions both in the brigade command and within units there were

19 also members of other ethnic groups. I can give you an example from my

20 brigade command.

21 My assistant for information and morale, Major Vitor Zdravko, is a

22 Slovene. My assistant for logistics was Aleksandar Angelovski, lieutenant

23 colonel, a Macedonian. Chief of communications was Drago Ilic, a Croat.

24 An officer in the operations organ of the command was Nik Peraj, an

25 Albanian. An operator in the general administration section was an

Page 45341

1 Albanian, Ms. Beljuzare.

2 As for units and unit commanders, the commander of the 1st

3 artillery battalion was Major Savo, a Hungarian. His assistant or,

4 rather, deputy, was a Croat. The commander of the Logistics Battalion,

5 who was there all the time in Djakovica, was Vlatko Odak, a Croat. His

6 deputy was Ramiz Pejcinovic, a Muslim. The commander of the command

7 artillery battalion was a Croat.

8 Of course there were Serbs, too, but these people occupied key

9 positions.

10 As for the soldiers and non-commissioned officers, there were

11 people belonging to all the ethnic groups, and the soldiers were

12 predominantly Serbs, Serb soldiers.

13 Q. When you came, that is to say we're talking about July 1998 when

14 you arrived, what was the situation like in Djakovica?

15 A. In Djakovica itself at that time, there was no combat going on, no

16 combat operations. The town, in view of the blockade, was in a very

17 difficult position. Supplies -- it was difficult to come by supplies.

18 There was a general crisis of -- supply crisis, especially for basic

19 foodstuffs. However, what I noticed most when I arrived was that there

20 were a large number -- or, rather, long rows and lines of women and

21 children waiting in queues. There were no adults, or none of the adult

22 population, especially not Albanians.

23 Q. Did you have an explanation as to why there were no adult males?

24 Usually Albanians don't send their women and children to -- into town.

25 A. Terrorism was burgeoning, and it was my information and estimation

Page 45342

1 that the men, the menfolk, had mostly taken to the woods and forests in

2 terrorist groups, and there were probably those who weren't in the woods

3 but didn't dare leave their houses, either because of the revenge factor,

4 fear of retribution by extremists or for propaganda or for some other

5 reasons of fear. But that was the state of affairs as I found it in

6 Djakovica when I took up my post as command of the Djakovica garrison.

7 Q. What was actually happening in Kosovo and Metohija in the course

8 of 1998 and 1999?

9 A. In Kosovo and Metohija during those years what was happening was

10 terrorism. There was terrorism, and the worst thing was that it was

11 terrorism being expanded. And it took all sorts of forms, beginning with

12 threats, blackmail of various kinds, liquidations of loyal Albanians,

13 Serbs as well. There were attacks launched on the police, on the army,

14 and there were just no suicide bombings at that time. There was none of

15 that. That was the sole form of terrorism that did not exist.

16 Q. And who were the protagonists of those terrorist actions, to the

17 best of your knowledge?

18 A. To the best of my knowledge, they were members of the KLA

19 organisation and FARK. Those were the two military organisations which

20 had similar methods. They applied similar methods, had similar or,

21 rather, the same goals, similar methods. They differed very slightly in

22 the way in which they achieved their goals and in their ideas of realising

23 their objectives.

24 Q. You pointed out some of the characteristic activities of terrorism

25 in the book you wrote about those events, and we have brief excerpts here

Page 45343

1 from that book. It is to be found in tab 2. We have excerpts from your

2 book there. You wrote about things like that. So would you like to point

3 out some characteristic features and quotations?

4 A. Of course I can do that. I can tell you without looking at the

5 material because I'm the author of the book, but I shall read them out.

6 I'll find the excerpts myself and read them out for the benefit of the

7 rest of you.

8 JUDGE KWON: What's the title of the book, first of all?

9 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] The book is titled "The General's

10 Kosmet Road." And I am the creator of the book or, rather, the author.

11 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

12 Q. You're the general, because in the title you say "The General's

13 Road." So you are that general; is that right?

14 A. Yes.

15 Q. Could you just repeat the number of the tab, please.

16 A. Yes. It's tab 2.

17 Q. Tab 2, and in chapter 6, "The Road to Metohija" is the title of

18 the chapter, is where I think you have that first excerpt that you want to

19 quote. It says: "In the queues in front of shops there were mostly women

20 and children, and that is very rare with the Siptars. The menfolk would

21 appear in town only on the day when their pensions were being paid out and

22 other social benefits."

23 A. Yes, that's right. I can read it out, if you want to.

24 Q. Well, you don't have to because I've already read it out. It's on

25 page 81. It says the men would appear only on days when pensions were

Page 45344

1 being paid out and other social welfare benefits. So they didn't give

2 that up. They didn't mind taking that from the state. And then their

3 movements would be to the post office and then back home or back to the

4 KLA unit.

5 So that's what you recorded. Is that what you recorded on the

6 basis of your observations, or were they the observations of those you

7 came into contact and people that you commented about on the situation?

8 A. Those were my observations, but I also received detailed

9 information when taking up my duties. I looked through new documents and,

10 when taking up your duties, as a rule, the commander has to acquaint

11 himself with the situation in -- on the terrain, with his unit, the

12 experiences of the unit, the losses and casualties suffered, and generally

13 speaking, everything a commander needs to know when takes up a new post, a

14 new commander, which was what I was, so that I could take on my duties of

15 command.

16 Q. Very well, General. Let's leave that tab before you for the time

17 being, have it in front of you. And tell me this: Did anything change;

18 and if so, what changed when the Verification Mission arrived in October

19 1998, or November 1998? What changed?

20 A. When the Verification Mission arrived, nothing changed, or,

21 rather, it did not change along the lines we expected it to change. Quite

22 the contrary. What happened was there was a revival of terrorist bases.

23 There was a revival of attacks launched against the army and police.

24 Loyal citizens were being killed again, loyal Albanians, so that we had

25 events and occurrences which happened before the very eyes of the

Page 45345

1 observers themselves. And one such event happened on the 13th of November

2 in the region of Stimlje or, rather, in Dulje, where a soldier of mine

3 Demar Idanovic [phoen], was killed, and he was an escort to a military

4 column.

5 Q. Was that the event that you write about on page 101 of your book?

6 You say that the first casualties, after the arrival of the Verification

7 Mission, that is, fell.

8 A. Yes, that's right. It says that on page 101, and I can read it

9 out, read the excerpt out.

10 Q. Go ahead.

11 A. "On Friday the 13th of November, 1999, halfway -- on the road

12 halfway between Pristina and Suva Reka --" and that is in this location

13 here --

14 MR. NICE: 1999 is in error.

15 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] "At the foot of Milanovac mountain,

16 in a gorge which begins by the forester's house --" that is Sumarija Kuca

17 is the name of the place, and ends with the infamous Dulje pass -- "a

18 terrorist attack was carried out against a military column. Having

19 approached the road leading up to the gorge itself and leaving the Praga

20 and the bus, the terrorists used Zoljas and hand-held rocket launchers to

21 attack a truck in which there were soldiers belonging to the security

22 force. The rocket on that occasion pierced the tarpaulin and left a big

23 round hole there and hit Dejan Arizanovic from Sudaliste, a lance

24 corporal, and five of our soldiers were also wounded; three seriously

25 wounded and two less seriously wounded."

Page 45346












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 45347

1 Is that sufficient? Do you want me to continue?

2 Q. No, that will suffice. Thank you.

3 A. I would like to add this: That particular group, immediately

4 before the entrance into the gorge at that place where the terrorist

5 attack took place, saw the verifiers who were located in their patrol in

6 vehicles which were easily recognisable because they were orange in

7 colour, or black vehicles with an orange cover which was what they knew --

8 used and which told us that they enjoyed diplomatic status which we had to

9 respect and that we should be proper in our conduct towards them.

10 Q. Did you have any contact with the verifiers? I don't mean on that

11 particular occasion when you were attacked, but generally speaking, did

12 you have any contact at all with the verifiers?

13 A. Yes. I myself as the brigade commander and garrison commander had

14 a number of contacts with the verifiers on a number of occasions. The

15 first was on the 16th of December, 1998, when an officer came, or one of

16 the verifiers - I didn't know he was an officer - with an interpreter. He

17 came to see what was going on, and he asked to see me, of course, in my

18 unit as head of the unit to check out the state of affairs, the situation,

19 and the numerical strength of light rocket transmission systems of the

20 Strela 2M type or arrow 2M type. And that's all he was interested in,

21 these portable devices. He wasn't interested in any other vehicles or the

22 Praga or anything else, just these light rocket portable systems. And he

23 was very precise and looked at it in great detail. He looked at each of

24 the rockets and compared them to the launch mechanism, launching

25 mechanism. And only when he saw that everything was in order did he say

Page 45348

1 that we were right, that we respected what was stipulated, that the FRY

2 were in compliance with the conditions laid down.

3 Q. All right, General. Now, there's something characteristic there.

4 That particular verifier was interested only in the rocket system of your

5 brigade; is that right? Does that mean that he wasn't interested in the

6 artillery weapons that you had?

7 A. Yes, you're quite right. He wasn't interested at all in the

8 number of artillery weapons we had, that is to say the Pragas, the

9 anti-aircraft guns, missiles, rockets. That's all he was interested in.

10 And in a conversation we had, he said to me, he said, "Colleague," and I

11 asked him how come we're colleagues, and he introduced himself and said he

12 was John Pemberton, that he was a military attache, an air force attache,

13 in fact, from Belgrade, stationed in Belgrade, and he gave me his calling

14 card and said that he would be happy if I visited him when I had the time.

15 Of course, that never came to pass. The occasion never arose and there

16 was never the need.

17 Q. All right. Now the tasks of the Verification Mission need not be

18 enumerated here. They're well known to all of us. The officer verifier

19 came to your brigade, he was only interested in learning about the rocket

20 systems that you had.

21 Now, tell me this as an expert yourself: These rocket systems,

22 that is to say, did these -- could those rocket systems be used at all

23 against targets on the ground?

24 A. No. Those rocket systems at -- cannot be used against targets on

25 the ground in any event, and they cannot harm anybody who is not in an

Page 45349

1 aircraft, in a plane.

2 Q. All right. So those rocket systems that he was interested in were

3 devices which -- and weapons which exclusively are used to target planes;

4 is that right?

5 A. Yes.

6 Q. And the artillery weapons can be used for targets on the ground;

7 is that right?

8 A. Yes.

9 Q. But he wasn't interested in artillery weapons, according to what

10 you've just told us; is that right?

11 A. Yes, you're quite right.

12 Q. When did he come to see you?

13 A. He was in the unit on the 16th of December, 1998.

14 Q. So you said the 16th of December, 1998. Is that it?

15 A. Yes.

16 Q. That would be one month prior to the event in Racak, roughly

17 speaking; is that right? Thank you, General.

18 Q. Now, your headquarters were in Djakovica where you were the

19 commander of the garrison. Tell me, was this region important for the

20 terrorist forces?

21 A. The Djakovica region was the most important part and most

22 important region for the terrorist forces. The position of Djakovica

23 itself in Metohija, in the area of Metohija, is such that there are two

24 tactical axes running to Djakovica which are most suitable for an

25 aggression from the ground and from the territory of Albania. It is the

Page 45350

1 Cafa-Prusit-Djakovica axis and the Kosare-Brovina-Morina axis, and Smonica

2 too. If you gain control of this area here around Djakovica, then you

3 will have opened up the road for further action and advancement towards

4 Kosovo or, rather, towards Pec, Prizren, and so on further on.

5 So this area here is of exceptional importance because in the

6 border belt there are sufficient inhabited areas which are linked up with

7 roads, with Junik, Decani, Pec, and via this way via Djakovica, Prizren

8 and further afield towards Pristina or, rather, the territory of Kosovo,

9 generally speaking.

10 Q. Thank you, General.

11 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Mr. Robinson, is this an opportune

12 moment to take the break?

13 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, we'll take the break now. We'll break for

14 20 minutes.

15 --- Recess taken at 10.30 a.m.

16 --- Upon resuming at 10.56 a.m.

17 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Milosevic.

18 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

19 Q. General, did you know anything about the existence of some kind of

20 concerted action on the part of the terrorists and some foreign

21 representatives?

22 A. Yes. Inter alia, I wrote about that in my book. I saw that

23 Holbrooke was in Junik. I heard that some diplomats, like Hill, for

24 instance, also came to Kosovo and Metohija. I also saw and felt the

25 activities of Walker, who was also a diplomat. But I also heard of Paddy

Page 45351

1 Ashdown.

2 THE INTERPRETER: Interpreter's note: Could the witness please be

3 asked to speak into the microphone. Thank you.

4 JUDGE ROBINSON: Please speak into the microphone. Come a little

5 closer.

6 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

7 Q. General, you mentioned Paddy Ashdown. I'm going to read something

8 out to you, a brief quotation from his testimony here. It is on

9 transcript page 2483. It has to do with the cross-examination, and I'm

10 putting a question to him: "Mr. Ashdown [In English] is it customary for

11 a leader of a small -- for a leader of a small opposition party to visit,

12 some ten times, a region in which there's a war going on, in some way on

13 behalf of the government or in the name of the government? Is that

14 customary, standard practice, in Great Britain?"

15 [Interpretation] Answer: "[In English] I don't think it's

16 customary at all, and it is not what I did. I visited as the leader of a

17 political party -- as the leader of political party, on my own account, in

18 order to inform myself of what is going on. I did not visit either as an

19 envoy or on behalf of the British government ..."

20 [Interpretation] And then the transcript says: "[In English] How

21 did you come to carry a letter from Prime Minister?"

22 "The witness: On this occasion, the Prime Minister knew.

23 Indeed, it was public knowledge, Your Honour, that I was going out. He

24 asked me to convey a letter for him. I acted as a postman."

25 [Interpretation] This is his statement here, given under oath,

Page 45352

1 that he did not come as an envoy or as a representative of his government

2 or on behalf of his government, for that matter, but in his own name.

3 On this tape, which I would like to have played now, Ashdown says,

4 "Prime Minister Blair sent me out here to see everything." So in one of

5 these two statements he wasn't telling the truth.

6 Could the tape please be played now?

7 JUDGE ROBINSON: How is the witness going to help you with this

8 issue?

9 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Well, he knew --

10 JUDGE ROBINSON: I see the point you are making, but how is the

11 witness going to help you with this issue?

12 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] The witness is a highly educated

13 soldier, a major general, and I want to ask him what Ashdown was doing

14 there on that tape. And as you can see in the transcript --

15 JUDGE ROBINSON: Whether Paddy Ashdown was acting as an envoy or a

16 postman? I don't see how that is useful, quite frankly.

17 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] No. No. This is something I'm

18 doing by way of an introduction, because the transcript says what it says,

19 what I read out, and he is telling them here that Blair had sent him.

20 I want to ask the general what he was doing, from a military point

21 of view, during the time that is shown on the tape.

22 [Trial Chamber confers]

23 JUDGE ROBINSON: All right, yes. Show the tape.

24 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Please play the Ashdown tape.

25 [Videotape played]

Page 45353

1 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I cannot see the tape.

2 [Videotape played]

3 "That's an AK-47.

4 "That's his.

5 "And where did it come from? Serbia?

6 "He bought it, he doesn't know from where. He just bought it.

7 "How much can buy it?

8 "[Inaudible] military security."

9 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] The tape should be played on.

10 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, let the tape be played.

11 [Videotape played]

12 "Whose is this, yours?

13 "Kalashnikov, that's an AK-47.

14 "That's his.

15 "Where did it come from?

16 "He bought it. He doesn't know from where. He just bought it.

17 "How much can you buy it?

18 "[Inaudible] military secrets. They don't want the commanders to

19 say that they gave the weapons to somebody else.

20 "No, no, it's okay.

21 "This is a -- a caser in there. I'm sorry, I didn't mean to ask

22 him [inaudible]. Have they had many discussions on the [inaudible]?

23 "A KLA soldier. They didn't actually to this village. There's

24 always fire from the distance.

25 "From a distance.

Page 45354

1 "Yeah.

2 "Okay.

3 "Simanov [inaudible]."

4 JUDGE ROBINSON: Would you stop for a minute, please.

5 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] It's all right now. It's all right

6 now. I can see it.

7 JUDGE ROBINSON: Is the tape finished? Just from where we left

8 off, though.

9 [Videotape played]

10 "If you got any magazine I'll put a round any time you want me

11 to.

12 "That's a sniper's rifle.

13 "That's a Simanov, and this one also. 47 [Inaudible]. I'm glad

14 you know what you're doing.

15 "Should we all be in this room?

16 "And being shot by it. This is useless but this one isn't.

17 [Inaudible] There's a round up the chamber. This one, you see this one is

18 unserviceable. There are some rounds here. This one you can use straight

19 away.

20 "Knows what you want. [Inaudible]

21 "[Inaudible] used for a very long time. This one is --"

22 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, stop. I'm going to stop this.

23 Put your question. I don't think we need to see any more of this in order

24 for you to put your question. What is the question that you have for the

25 witness?

Page 45355

1 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Very well.

2 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

3 Q. I hope that you noticed, and you can see it in the transcript --

4 have you seen this tape before, General?

5 A. I did not hear you.

6 THE INTERPRETER: Interpreter's note that the witness's microphone

7 is off.

8 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

9 Q. Ashdown says here, inter alia: "You can use this one. It's good.

10 You can use it for shooting," and so on. "Be careful." So what is

11 Ashdown doing there?

12 MR. NICE: How can this witness possibly answer that question?

13 JUDGE ROBINSON: I agree. Move on. The witness can't help you

14 with that. We can see what he was doing. We'll determine what he was

15 doing. There is no profit in this line of questioning at all.

16 THE INTERPRETER: The interpreters cannot hear the speaker.

17 JUDGE ROBINSON: Sorry, I didn't hear the question.

18 THE INTERPRETER: The interpreters could not hear the question

19 because the microphone was off.

20 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

21 Q. What did you see Ashdown doing here?

22 A. According to what I saw --

23 MR. NICE: [Previous translation continues]...

24 THE INTERPRETER: Microphone for Judge Robinson, please.

25 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, I've told you to move on. It

Page 45356

1 doesn't help the case for the witness to say what he saw Ashdown doing.

2 We saw it.

3 JUDGE BONOMY: Can you tell me who did the interpretation, the

4 transcript?

5 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] My associates translated the

6 transcript.

7 JUDGE BONOMY: It has some -- it has some obvious inaccuracies in

8 it.

9 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] There is just one inaccuracy in the

10 transcript. He says, "Is it from Bosnia?" and what it says here is

11 Serbia. That's the only inaccuracy in the transcript.

12 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, let me simply identify two for you if you

13 want to consider it further. At one point the transcript says: "And this

14 one also ... 47 like that ... I knew you'd do anything ..." He actually

15 says, "I'm glad you know what you are doing."

16 And then a few lines later he describes one, according to the

17 transcript, as "unserviceable," and if you listen again you'll see him

18 describe it as "very serviceable." These are just two obvious ones, and

19 I'm sure there must be many more.

20 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Yes, but these mistakes are at my

21 detriment. Rather, they harm what I have been saying. So I thank you,

22 Mr. Bonomy for drawing my attention to this.

23 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

24 Q. General, in your career, did you act with your soldiers in the

25 same way or in a similar way when handling weapons?

Page 45357












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 45358

1 A. In this way and a similar way. What can be seen here is that

2 Mr. Ashdown is very familiar with weapons and we could say --

3 JUDGE ROBINSON: Just a minute. What is the question you're

4 putting?

5 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Whether I sometimes trained my

6 soldiers in this way, and my answer is yes.

7 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. Next question.

8 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] All right. Could this tape please

9 be admitted into evidence?

10 MR. NICE: My recollection is that it may already have been

11 produced by another witness. It certainly couldn't on the basis of the

12 questions and answers being given by this witness be produced or

13 reproduced by him.

14 Incidentally, while the tape's in everybody's mind, it having been

15 looked at before, there is no suggestion of an identity of personnel

16 between those in uniform in part 1 and those in the basement in part 2.

17 Those are two totally different bits of event.

18 JUDGE ROBINSON: Is the tape --

19 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Nobody's saying that. No. Mr. Nice

20 objected when I asked for it to be admitted, that it could not be admitted

21 because this question had not been put in cross-examination. So for

22 procedural reasons. And now I put it during my examination-in-chief in

23 order to be able to have it admitted. And in terms of comparing it to the

24 transcript, you can see that he was saying different things. And also

25 from the point of view of what he was doing here and from the point of

Page 45359

1 view of the explanation provided by the witness.

2 MR. NICE: Well --

3 JUDGE BONOMY: Two weeks ago this film was shown to us, and it led

4 to an investigation into the translation.

5 MR. NICE: But it wasn't formally produced, I understand, at that

6 time.

7 JUDGE BONOMY: All right.

8 MR. NICE: And I maintain my objection to its admission. It's not

9 admissible through this witness. I observe what the accused says about

10 the potential for inconsistency in Lord Ashdown's account of events, but

11 the accused has not taken this witness or the Court, to remind the Court,

12 to the earlier passage of evidence where Lord Ashdown explained how he

13 carried the letter from Mr. Blair and why he carried the letter and what

14 he did with it and what his instructions were, and so on.

15 JUDGE BONOMY: But is the part at the end of this transcript, at

16 least the end of page 2, accurate, do you know?

17 MR. NICE: This is the passage which we have checked and I haven't

18 yet laid my hands on the passage from CLSS. My recollection is that the

19 contentious passage, which is to be found at the foot of the second page,

20 I think, three lines up from the bottom, "It's a scandal," is not as

21 erroneous as was being put by the accused when he was -- he was suggesting

22 a different form of scandal.

23 JUDGE BONOMY: Yes, but the one I'm asking about now is the very

24 last line.

25 MR. NICE: That I haven't been able to check, I'm afraid.

Page 45360

1 [Trial Chamber confers]

2 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, we'll mark it for identification

3 pending translation. Judge Bonomy has already pointed to two areas where

4 the translation is not correct. So the best thing is to have the

5 translation done by the CLSS. So it's marked for identification pending

6 translation.

7 THE REGISTRAR: Yes, Your Honour. Can I please give D321 to the

8 binders, and tab 2 is the 2A; right? Tab 1A is pending translation, MFI.

9 JUDGE BONOMY: It's, strictly speaking, not a question of

10 translation. It's a question of obtaining an accurate transcript, and

11 there is an issue over who is the person to do that, I suppose. Is it the

12 CLSS or --? But it should be married up with an accurate transcript.

13 JUDGE KWON: And the map was admitted as well, tab 1.

14 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Milosevic, let's move on.

15 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Let me just note something.

16 Mr. Bonomy is quite right when he says that your translators should do

17 this, but I also have to say that I asked your translators to do it but

18 they didn't do it, so then I had to give it to my associates for them to

19 have it translated. So when your translators do it, it will be my

20 pleasure to read out the transcript as it is. And after all, you were

21 able to hear for yourselves what it says in the transcript.

22 JUDGE ROBINSON: Not my translators. It is the Tribunal's

23 translators.

24 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] All right.

25 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, please continue.

Page 45361

1 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Very well.

2 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

3 Q. General, you explained the importance of this axis and this area

4 where Djakovica is for various operations. Were there terrorist

5 strongholds there in that area?

6 A. Yes. Most of the terrorist strongholds were precisely in the

7 broader area of Djakovica, primarily Junik, Nivokaz, Smonica, Popovac,

8 Dobros, Rakovac, and others along the Junik-Djakovica axis.

9 Q. You've explained why these particular places were important, so

10 I'm not going to dwell on it any longer.

11 In paragraph 63(h), it says that: "Until March 1999, the

12 population of Djakovica increased considerably --" "From March 1999 ...

13 increased considerably because of a large number of internally displaced

14 persons who were fleeing from their own villages, from the deliberate

15 shelling of the forces of the FRY and Serbia during 1998, and fleeing from

16 the conflicts between those forces and the Kosovo Liberation Army."

17 Since you yourself were in Djakovica, what can you say about these

18 allegations?

19 A. These allegations are not correct. First of all, it was not

20 intentional shelling. There was no deliberate shelling.

21 Secondly, when it says "Serb forces," this is a rather undefined

22 notion. In that area there was the army of Yugoslavia and the MUP of the

23 Republic of Serbia. A few moments ago, when explaining the ethnic make-up

24 of the brigade that I commanded, I showed that these were not only Serb

25 forces. These were units of the army of Yugoslavia and the MUP of the

Page 45362

1 Republic of Serbia. As for shelling, I know for sure that there wasn't

2 any.

3 JUDGE ROBINSON: Just a minute. First you said it was not

4 intentional shelling. There was no deliberate shelling. Now you're

5 saying that you're sure there wasn't any shelling. Could you clarify

6 that?

7 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I can. Intentional shelling would

8 mean shelling without any target or provocation. As it was, there was no

9 shelling in that period because at that time, just before the NATO

10 aggression, there were no major events or incidents that would require use

11 of support equipment, support weapons.

12 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic.

13 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]. I just wish to draw your

14 attention, Mr. Robinson, that the term "deliberate shelling," or

15 "intentional shelling," is something I quoted from paragraph 63(h). I

16 quoted that to the witness.

17 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

18 Q. General, according to the information that was available to you,

19 why were the refugees leaving?

20 A. For several reasons. The main reason for them to move was their

21 fear from the activity of NATO aviation. Another cause was their fear of

22 being trapped in an area where combat would be taking place between the

23 JNA and the terrorist units. And on top of that, there was propaganda and

24 there were demands made on them to leave. It is quite certain that

25 pressure was exerted to create an appearance of a great number of refugees

Page 45363

1 and thus a humanitarian catastrophe.

2 Q. It says here in this same paragraph that the movement of

3 internally displaced people increased after 24th March 1999 when,

4 following violent expulsions in the town of Djakovica, many people

5 internally displaced persons returned from the town of Djakovica to the

6 outlying villages. Is this correct?

7 A. No. The movement of civilians started with the NATO aggression.

8 Everybody started to leave - Albanians, Serbs; everybody - with the

9 proviso that Serbs, who were far less in number, moved in a different

10 direction, whereas Albanians, who were much larger in number, started

11 moving towards Albania. But it all started at the moment when the bombing

12 started. I wrote that in several places in my book.

13 Q. In paragraph 63(i), it says that: "From on or about 24 March 1999

14 through 11 May 1999, forces of the FRY and Serbia began forcing residents

15 of the town of Djakovica to leave. Forces of the FRY and Serbia spread

16 out through the town and went from house to house, ordering Kosovo

17 Albanians from their homes."

18 Is this correct?

19 A. No. I was in Djakovica at that time, and I neither saw nor heard

20 nor received any information from my subordinates or assistants that such

21 things were happening. I saw columns moving through Djakovica, I saw that

22 some were moving towards Prizren, others towards Cafa Prusit, but I never

23 received reports from my subordinates or saw for myself that somebody was

24 forcing them to move. I think they were forced by NATO bombs.

25 Q. In paragraph 55, it says that: "Forces of the FRY and Serbia, in a

Page 45364

1 deliberate and widespread or systematic manner, forcibly expelled and

2 internally displaced hundreds of thousands of Kosovo Albanians from their

3 homes across the entire province of Kosovo ... by creating an atmosphere

4 of fear and oppression through the use of force, threats of force, and

5 acts of violence."

6 Tell me loud and clear, did you create an atmosphere of fear? Did

7 you threaten Albanians or use acts of violence?

8 A. This is certainly not true. At that time, on the eve of the

9 aggression, the army had many serious tasks facing it. It was with the

10 beginning of the NATO aggression that fighting started with terrorists and

11 our forces, so that our army and the police had the responsibility and the

12 duty to fight simultaneously against NATO aggression on the one hand and

13 against terrorists on the other hand. The terrorists who, with the NATO

14 aggression, received full fire support.

15 Q. In this paragraph 63, it says, among other things, that in certain

16 cases people were killed, many were threatened with being killed, and many

17 businesses belonging to Albanians were torched while the businesses of

18 Serbs were protected. What can you say about that?

19 A. Many businesses were set on fire belonging both to Serbs and

20 Albanians, but those fires were caused by NATO bombs. It is

21 understandable that many more Albanian businesses were hit because there

22 were simply many more Albanian businesses than Serb businesses, but that

23 depends entirely on the ratio of these two ethnic groups, their

24 representation in the total population. But one thing that is certain is

25 that it was not done by soldiers.

Page 45365

1 Q. You said the main reason why people fled was the activity of NATO

2 Air Force. Do we have in tab 3 an overview of actions performed by the

3 NATO Air Force?

4 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Could this map please be placed on

5 that board, because the general explained that he was responsible for the

6 entire airspace of Kosovo and Metohija.

7 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Milosevic, please continue.

8 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

9 Q. Show us, please, what you said on the map.

10 A. This map -- I can't hear. This map shows the deployment of units

11 of the 52nd Artillery Rocket Brigade of the air defence in two periods.

12 The first period is up to the 9th of April, 1999. We see that here. They

13 are deployed mainly in the area of Djakovica. After that, and that is

14 after the attack on Kosare, from the moment when ground invasion became a

15 certainty, my units were here as well as the supporting units of air

16 defence.

17 The 52nd Brigade was not the only one responsible in Kosovo and

18 Metohija for air defence, but in the Pristina Corps it was the only air

19 defence brigade. This is where the 52nd Brigade was until the 9th of

20 April and after that.

21 After the 9th of April, one artillery battalion, the 3rd

22 Battalion, was in Bec. The 1st Artillery Battalion was in Kijevo. The

23 4th artillery battalion was in the area of Pristina, Gracanica; and the

24 2nd Artillery Battalion was in the area of Gnjilane.

25 Pursuant to a decision by the corps commander, they were deployed

Page 45366

1 in such a way as to be able to defend all the most important elements of

2 the disposition of the Pristina Corps.

3 Q. Thank you, General.

4 JUDGE BONOMY: The question that was asked was whether this map

5 represented an overview of the activities of NATO. Now, you don't seem to

6 be dealing -- so the map doesn't do that.

7 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I can't hear the interpreters.


9 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I can hear now.

10 JUDGE BONOMY: The question you were asked was whether this map

11 showed an overview of the bombing activities of NATO. Does it show that?

12 Because that's not what your answer has dealt with.

13 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] My answer was an attempt to show the

14 disposition of troops, and I was intending to deal with the bombing

15 activities of NATO when I continue.

16 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

17 Q. All right. General, look at this map which is an overview of the

18 activities of the NATO Air Force.

19 Could you please place this --

20 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, let's be clear.

21 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation].

22 Q. -- on the board.

23 JUDGE BONOMY: Can we take it the one that's up there is not an

24 overview of the activities of NATO and that we've just wasted five minutes

25 on that question? Because that's what I've been looking for on the map.

Page 45367

1 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I will explain. This is the map,

2 but in this case we see this overview in table form and a specific display

3 deals only with Djakovica because Djakovica was the base for myself and my

4 units. For the entire territory of Kosovo and Metohija, we have another

5 map where it is shown in detail. What we see on this one is the number of

6 sorties, the type of attacks, the number of planes involved, the increase

7 of activities with time and the losses incurred as well as the bombs used.

8 But we have another map that shows in greater detail certain

9 events, certain incidents in actual places, individual places in Kosovo

10 and Metohija. Bombing activities concerning Djakovica can be shown on

11 this map, whereas the next map can be used for the rest of the area.

12 JUDGE BONOMY: Did you have anything to do with the preparation of

13 this map?

14 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes.

15 JUDGE BONOMY: When -- when was --

16 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] That's the map I prepared.

17 JUDGE BONOMY: When was it prepared?

18 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Sometime in the last month, based on

19 reports and documents that are contemporaneous.

20 JUDGE BONOMY: And how did you get access to them?

21 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] After the aggression ended, we made

22 all sorts of analyses and a lot has been published about the NATO

23 aggression. A war report was published and there were also, while it

24 lasted, daily press conferences with detailed explanations given.

25 JUDGE BONOMY: Please listen to the questions I'm asking you and

Page 45368












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 45369

1 answer the questions. How did you get access to the contemporaneous

2 documents?

3 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Most of the access that I had I got

4 through Mr. Milosevic's lawyers, but I also had access to public records,

5 public reports, analyses that were made, and finally, we had a report that

6 was the work product of the commission that analysed the effects of the

7 NATO aggression against the FRY.

8 JUDGE BONOMY: What is that commission?

9 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] It's a commission of the Office of

10 the Prosecutor that reviewed the lawsuit filed by the FRY concerning the

11 NATO aggression.

12 JUDGE BONOMY: A commission of the office of which Prosecutor?

13 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] This Office of the Prosecutor.

14 JUDGE BONOMY: And you used that report as a partial basis for

15 this -- for this document; is that right?

16 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes.

17 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

18 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] May this other map be placed on the

19 overhead projector now, please. On the board, not on the overhead

20 projector.

21 JUDGE KWON: Is that tab 46?

22 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] 46, yes, tab 46.

23 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

24 Q. General, does this map show -- or, rather, not to put the question

25 that way. Tell me what the map shows. What does the map show, and what

Page 45370

1 is designated on the map?

2 A. On this map -- this map shows the places where the NATO airstrikes

3 took place, the targets of the NATO airstrikes, which means this is not

4 the number of projectiles, this is not the number of bombs, this is the

5 number of attacks on individual places.

6 Q. So it's not numbers, it's places.

7 A. Yes, places targeted by the NATO Air Force. For example, on

8 Pristina. There were 460 attacks launched on Pristina, and on a map of

9 this kind you couldn't put 460 triangles. The number of operations and

10 the number of lethal weapons expulsed is impossible to show in graphic

11 form in this way.

12 Q. Very well, General. Let's just clear one point up: The triangles

13 indicate the places which were targeted by the NATO Air Force; is that

14 right?

15 A. Yes.

16 JUDGE ROBINSON: And does it also indicate the places where --

17 that were actually bombed by NATO?

18 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I'm sorry, I didn't hear your

19 question properly. I couldn't hear you.

20 JUDGE ROBINSON: Not the places that were targeted but places that

21 were actually bombed by NATO.

22 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes. They are places where the

23 bombs or rockets fell. They are places that were attacked.

24 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

25 Q. Very well, General. Thanks to Mr. Robinson's explanation, or the

Page 45371

1 explanation you gave him, those were places where NATO projectiles fell;

2 is that right?

3 A. Yes, projectiles or bombs or tank cannon balls and so forth,

4 targeted by the air force.

5 Q. All right. Fine. Now, since we're dealing with this topic and

6 you explained that the refugees or, rather, that the population fled

7 because of the bombing, I'm going to ask you now, bearing in mind the fact

8 that in paragraph 63.1 speaks of alleged deportations performed by our

9 forces, carried out by our forces, I am going to quote the places in their

10 order, and I'd like to ask you to point to their location on the map, the

11 ones I'm going to read out, and tell us whether the bombs fell on those

12 places.

13 A. All right. Fine.

14 Q. Point A or, rather, paragraph 63(a) is Orahovac. Show us where

15 Orahovac lies.

16 A. It's here.

17 Q. That's Orahovac.

18 A. Yes.

19 Q. All right. Fine. Now, paragraph 63(b) mentions another place,

20 and that is Prizren. Show us the Prizren area, please.

21 A. [Indicates].

22 Q. Paragraph 63(c) --

23 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, I consider this very important.

24 Can you direct us as to the dates when these places were bombed and the --

25 so that I can try to relate it to the dates of the alleged flights of the

Page 45372

1 people from those areas. Because your case, as I understand it, is that

2 the people fled following the bombing, or are you also saying that some of

3 the flights also took place simply in anticipation of the bombing?

4 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Well, Mr. Robinson, homo sapiens,

5 once the bombing starts, you can flee from bombs that have not landed on

6 your head. If they -- you have been hit by bombs, you cannot flee. So I

7 wanted us to take a look at all the places, all the different places

8 mentioned in paragraph 63 relating to deportation, under the heading of

9 deportation, so that you can see how many places there were in those

10 localities where the bombs fell.

11 For example, in the example of Orahovac and Prizren, another case

12 in point, that was where the bombing was most dense. And we'll look at it

13 date-wise, too, because it says from the 24th of March to the 12th of May,

14 and in Pristina there were 409 attacks, as the general said. Whether 409

15 attacks took place in the same area, certainly not, but in the general

16 Pristina area there were 409 sorties or attacks.

17 JUDGE ROBINSON: [Previous translation continues]... find out as

18 to whether the witness can help us as to the dates when the bombings took

19 place in these villages where there were flights. So let us continue.

20 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

21 Q. So you showed us Orahovac. According to that map of yours, were

22 there many places in that area that were bombed?

23 A. Yes.

24 Q. What about Prizren? You indicated Prizren to us. Were there many

25 places bombed there too?

Page 45373

1 A. Yes, there were 326 places that were bombed in the general Prizren

2 area.

3 Q. All right. Now, paragraph 63(c) mentioned Srbica. Show us Srbica

4 on the map. And that's where there was a lot of bombing, too; is that

5 right?

6 A. Yes.

7 Q. Paragraph 63(d), Suva Reka. Indicate Suva Reka to us, please.

8 A. Suva Reka is here.

9 Q. 63(e) is Pec. Show us Pec, please.

10 A. Here it is.

11 Q. In paragraph 63(f), Kosovska Mitrovica, point that out to us,

12 please.

13 A. Here it is.

14 Q. Paragraph 63(g) is Pristina. Show us that.

15 A. Pristina.

16 Q. Paragraph 63(h) is Djakovica. Show us Djakovica.

17 A. [Indicates].

18 Q. Paragraph 63(i) is Gnjilane. Point to Gnjilane, please.

19 A. [Indicates].

20 Q. Paragraph 63(j) is Urosevac. Show us Urosevac.

21 A. [Indicates].

22 Q. Paragraph 63(k) is Kacanik. Point to Kacanik.

23 A. [Indicates].

24 Q. That same paragraph, paragraph 63(l), is Decani. Point to Decani

25 for us.

Page 45374

1 A. [Indicates].

2 Q. Paragraph 63(m) is Vucitrn. Show us Vucitrn, please.

3 A. [Indicates].

4 Q. And that completes the list of locations under the heading of

5 "Deportation."

6 Now, all the places that you have indicated, were they the target

7 of intensive bombing and is that where there was a high bombardment

8 density?

9 A. Yes. I have drawn up a more detailed map according to the

10 different bombing periods for each month, month by month. I think that

11 you have that map.

12 Q. I hope I've found it. I hope I can find it.

13 A. Anyway, it indicates monthly periods and the exact points

14 month-by-month.

15 Q. Right. We'll deal with that in due course. But anyway, we've

16 gone through all the places mentioned in this paragraph, all the letters,

17 the paragraphs -- subparagraphs.

18 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Mr. Robinson, it would appear that

19 our forces have been accused of deportation precisely from places which

20 were most bombed. Where there was no bombing, there doesn't seem to be

21 any charges or accusations of deportation.

22 THE INTERPRETER: Microphone, please, for the accused.

23 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Right. I've switched it on now.

24 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

25 Q. General, this map, does it show the targets of NATO attacking

Page 45375

1 Kosovo and Metohija and could give us additional explanation; is that it?

2 A. Yes.

3 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] May this next map be placed on the

4 board, please.

5 MR. NICE: It's not clear to me whether this is a tabbed map or

6 not. I'm not sure if the accused would -- perhaps the accused would make

7 it clear.

8 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] This is a map which is an addition

9 to the map with the dates; is that right? It's a supplement.

10 A. Yes.

11 Q. It's a map that was drawn up, as far as I understood it -- well,

12 it was brought in yesterday because it just defines the map we've seen

13 more precisely according to date.

14 A. What we can see here is --

15 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, please go ahead.

16 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] This shows it in greater detail, the

17 periods and the different targets in Kosovo and Metohija. I have taken

18 three periods on this particular map. Had we taken every day, looked at

19 it every day, we wouldn't have been able to record all the actions on the

20 many locations.

21 For example, this colour here, the orange colour, shows the

22 operations in the first month of the NATO aggression, from the 24th of

23 March, that is, until the 25th of May. And this is where it started;

24 Djakovica, Pristina. All the places were bombed. All these places were

25 bombed both in the first month and later on throughout.

Page 45376

1 The red, the red colour, indicates the operations and targeting

2 for Easter, the greatest Orthodox religious holiday, Easter. The

3 operations were launched against Djakovica, Pristina, the orange here

4 again, and the bombing of Klina.

5 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

6 Q. And other places in mauve, in purple.

7 Now, general, you said a moment ago that the orange denotes the

8 first month and then you said from March to May. Is that a mistake or

9 what?

10 A. From the 24th of March until the 25th of April is what I meant to

11 say.

12 Q. Ah, yes. I assumed that there was an error there because you said

13 the first month and then you said May, whereas it was April.

14 A. Yes, that's right. Now, the blue, the blue colour takes us from

15 the 25th of April to the 25th of May. They are operations against these

16 blue areas. And the next period is from the 25th of May to the end of the

17 aggression.

18 Q. Very well.

19 A. And this also indicates places where depleted uranium was used in

20 the bombing.

21 Q. What colour denotes depleted uranium? I wasn't able to see that.

22 A. Well, operations of bombing with depleted uranium are --

23 Q. No. I asked what you colour on the map shows you this.

24 A. Oh, it is this sign here.

25 Q. I see.

Page 45377

1 Q. I see. This circle with the dots.

2 A. Yes, the circle with the dots.

3 Q. That is deleted uranium, when deleted uranium was used; is that

4 right?

5 A. Yes. The number of charges hasn't been shown because there are

6 300 and upwards. So it is impossible to count them all because there were

7 almost 200 to 300 charges.

8 Q. Charged from where?

9 A. From a cannon, a seven-barrel cannon and a high velocity cannon.

10 That is to say the seven-barrelled cannon is the highest velocity of

11 cannon. And in the squares, the squares shows characteristic targets

12 where civilians were killed, is a representative example. Like Luzane, a

13 bus with civilians in Kulina next to Rozaje; Meja, the refugee settlement

14 at Meja, or rather, the column of refugees in Meja on the 14th of April.

15 And further on, another attack here on a refugee Serb settlement from

16 Krajina, Maja.

17 Q. Point that out on the map, please.

18 A. Yes, I apologise. Here it is. That is Bistrazin, the Maja

19 settlement. It is a refugee settlement. This is Meja, the place where

20 they targeted Siptar refugees for the first time. This is a place called

21 Luzane, where a bus was hit with passengers in it, a civilian coach with

22 passengers. And this is another place here, Sabina Vode [phoen] or

23 Kulina, where a bus was hit with passengers from Metohija on their way to

24 Montenegro.

25 And here we have how many civilians were killed, the figures of

Page 45378

1 how many civilians were killed in Kosovo and Metohija by NATO bombing.

2 How many were killed on the roads and how many were killed in settlements.

3 This, of course, does not include the casualties and the victims that were

4 found underneath the rubble and ruins of buildings and features.

5 JUDGE KWON: General, do you by any chance know the book titled

6 "NATO Crimes in Yugoslavia, Documentary Evidence," which was published by

7 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of your country?

8 A. I've seen the book, some of it. I haven't read it in detail, just

9 in part, but I have other information and sources because I used sources

10 first of all on the basis of regular daily press conferences that took

11 place parallel to the bombardment. Whenever there was a bombardment,

12 there would be a press conference held in Pristina or Belgrade, one of the

13 press centres in those places, but yes, I have seen the book.

14 JUDGE KWON: So what you're saying now should have been contained

15 in those books.

16 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] In those books, yes, but also we

17 have more specific concrete data. I have concrete data for Djakovica, for

18 instance, on the basis of combat -- the combat diary of one of the

19 commanders of the battalion, and this reflects the situation exactly.

20 This map does not contain it all. There were many situations where the

21 communication lines were interrupted and we in Djakovica were not able to

22 inform our superiors in Pristina about what was going on about the

23 bombardment for them to be able to state that at the press conferences

24 that they gave.

25 JUDGE KWON: Thank you. Thank you.

Page 45379












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 45380

1 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] So this isn't final the number

2 either, the final count.

3 JUDGE KWON: Just for the record, those -- those books are tabs 28

4 and 29 of D275, which is marked for identification pending translation.

5 Proceed, Mr. Milosevic.

6 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Mr. Kwon, all the books were given

7 in the English language, because the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the

8 Federal Republic of Yugoslavia gave those six, or was it seven, white

9 books. They were all published in English and in Serbian.

10 JUDGE KWON: Now I remember. I was mistaken in terms of the

11 reason why it was put -- marked for identification. We'll deal with it

12 later.

13 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

14 Q. General, in view of your position, your post, the anti-aircraft

15 defence for all of Kosovo, you had daily information about NATO attacks

16 while you were there. Did you have such information or did you not?

17 A. We did. From time to time, depending on the situation on the

18 ground. Sometimes we had communications or did not have communications

19 with our subordinates and superiors.

20 Q. As for Djakovica, since you were there and you were the commander

21 of the garrison, could you personally see for yourself what places had

22 been hit?

23 A. For the town of Djakovica, yes.

24 Q. You could see it yourself?

25 A. Yes. I could see it myself, and we can prove it on the basis of

Page 45381

1 documentation that my observers of the airspace saw, and also what we had

2 reconnoitred before that.

3 Q. All right. Is this a map that shows NATO operations in the area

4 of the 2nd Battalion of the 549th Motorised Brigade?

5 MR. NICE: [Previous translation continues]... the map that's been

6 on the overhead -- on the board. Obviously it's going to be important for

7 me to have a copy of it if I am to check its reliability, if I even have

8 the potential to do so in time. I don't know how quickly we can get

9 copies of these done. It's unfortunate that such an important exhibit, if

10 it turns out to be important, comes without copies available for us. It

11 is, of course, the accused's responsibility to have it copied.

12 JUDGE ROBINSON: I was just going to inquire about that. Would

13 the Registry be able to assist in making copies of this? Well, we'll

14 inquire, Mr. Nice.

15 Yes, Mr. Milosevic.

16 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

17 Q. I don't know, General, whether -- well, it's for you to say,

18 actually, whether it would be more visible if it were placed on the

19 overhead projector. Is it better to view it that way or on the easel,

20 because it has to do with the town of Djakovica only.

21 A. We can try, as far as I'm concerned.

22 Q. And then it can be moved elsewhere perhaps.

23 JUDGE ROBINSON: Let us give a number to the one that we just saw.

24 THE REGISTRAR: That will be D321, tab 47.

25 JUDGE ROBINSON: Thank you.

Page 45382

1 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Mr. Robinson, did the previous map

2 receive a number, with the exact places that were bombed in the territory

3 of Kosovo and Metohija?

4 JUDGE KWON: We gave a new tab number following the last tab. So

5 it was given the number tab 47 of this binder.

6 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] 46 was the other map, with the exact

7 places that were bombed? 46, tab 46? Has that been admitted into

8 evidence?

9 JUDGE ROBINSON: I'm not sure whether we did 46. Court deputy,

10 can you tell us?

11 We haven't yet admitted that.

12 JUDGE KWON: The Chamber --

13 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] All right. I'm asking for it to be

14 admitted into evidence, tab 46, the map there, that is to say all the

15 places that were hit by NATO Air Force.

16 JUDGE KWON: As for these maps, we need translations for all the

17 legends and explanations. So we'll mark them for identification pending

18 that translation.

19 JUDGE ROBINSON: Are you also seeking admission of tab 3?

20 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Yes, yes, certainly. Tab 3, and tab

21 46, and now you've said that this is a new tab, tab 47. So all maps. All

22 the maps that I placed on the easel, I'm asking for them all to be

23 admitted.

24 JUDGE ROBINSON: What was the significance of tab 3? It didn't

25 seem to relate to the question of identifying areas bombed by NATO.

Page 45383

1 JUDGE KWON: Actually, the witness didn't deal with it.

2 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Tab 3 contains tables in the upper

3 left-hand corner, a detail of Djakovica, and tables on the attacks in that

4 area, what could not be displayed on the map because the numbers are

5 enormous. I think that General Djosan explained that, and he showed you

6 the intensity of the attacks, the tables, the numbers, et cetera. So all

7 that information is contained on the map.

8 [Trial Chamber confers]

9 JUDGE BONOMY: I at the moment have no idea what tab 3 is supposed

10 to demonstrate, and I have no recollection of the witness saying anything

11 about the numbers which appear on it. All I remember is him saying that

12 it could deal -- he could deal in more detail about attacks on Djakovica,

13 but you haven't asked him anything about that so far.

14 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] When explaining that map, he showed

15 all of those tables in the rectangles and where you can see the number of

16 attacks, the intensity of the attacks, et cetera, using a map of Kosovo

17 and Metohija, where you can see the deployment of his forces. And the

18 tables show the intensity of the attacks and the number of bombs that were

19 used -- or, rather, the number of airstrikes. All of that can be seen on

20 those tables, and that is precisely what he indicated. If you look at the

21 transcript, I'm sure that you'll find that.

22 JUDGE BONOMY: I am looking at the transcript, and if you can

23 assist me to identify the point, I'd be grateful.

24 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Well, we can ask General Djosan.

25 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

Page 45384

1 Q. What kind of tables are contained on the map in --

2 JUDGE BONOMY: There seems to be confusion. Some have

3 recollection of and I have none, and I'd like to be -- I don't want the

4 answers again, I want to see the answers he gave already, but I can't see

5 them. If someone can help me to identify where on this transcript he

6 deals with the tables on tab 3, then I'd like to read it.

7 Mr. Kay may be able to help, I don't know. I made a particular

8 note at the time that nothing of any relevance was taken from this

9 particular exhibit.

10 MR. KAY: Tab 3 was referred to but not dealt with is my

11 recollection.

12 JUDGE KWON: Only the position of --

13 MR. KAY: Yes.

14 JUDGE BONOMY: Only the position of the FRY forces, I think.

15 MR. KAY: Yes, not actually dealt with.

16 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, put the question to the witness in

17 relation to tab 3.

18 THE INTERPRETER: Microphone, please.

19 JUDGE KWON: Microphone.

20 THE INTERPRETER: The interpreters did not hear the question. The

21 answer was no.

22 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Could I please ask the registrar to

23 give him the table. I gave my own copy.

24 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

25 Q. General, is that the map from tab 3?

Page 45385

1 A. That's the map.

2 Q. You explained something in relation to these tables. Could you

3 please explain every table.

4 A. The upper table, the upper right-hand table, indicates the number

5 of attacks according to the type of building. It says "The total number

6 of buildings, the number of attacks, damaged buildings, destroyed

7 buildings." So the number of attacks and the effect of these attacks.

8 Now, this is subdivided according to the type of building. First

9 is industrial facilities and then power production, then infrastructure,

10 and so on. And then there's the total number. So this indicates all the

11 buildings, the facilities that were hit. Not every rocket hit a soldier,

12 and not every bomb hit a column. So it was towns that were hit the most,

13 and different settlements. And of course within these populated areas, a

14 great many civilians were killed.

15 This table here shows the increase of NATO forces from the

16 beginning of the aggression up to the end, and it shows how it developed.

17 Sometimes there were even 500 attacks per day at various facilities. This

18 is according to weeks. So it is from the 24th of March until the 30th of

19 March. There were 300 attacks.

20 Q. On the 24th of March?

21 A. Yes, and further on.

22 Q. All right. The 31st of what?

23 A. I beg your pardon?

24 Q. The 30th of March.

25 A. There were 200 attacks on the 30th of March.

Page 45386

1 THE INTERPRETER: Could the speakers please speak one at a time.

2 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. Mr. Milosevic and General, the interpreters

3 are asking you to speak one at a time.

4 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Mr. Robinson, this is very important

5 for the question that you had put in order for things to be clearer to

6 you. If in a small area like Kosovo, already on the first day, the 24th

7 of March, you have 300 attacks, and then 200 attacks on the next day, then

8 I assume that this does have an effect on the civilian population in the

9 broader area. Five hundred attacks. An attack is not just one bomb. An

10 attack implies a large number of bombs.

11 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] By your leave, an attack can be

12 successful or unsuccessful. There were attacks that did actually hit a

13 building or a soldier or a civilian, and there were attacks that did not

14 hit anybody or anything. So specifically in my reports, I referred

15 primarily to those attacks when there were effects, specifically in

16 Djakovica. Every day, every night there was some kind of firing. Most

17 often they would hit nothing. Sometimes they would hit a particular

18 facility or a soldier, or sometimes a civilian, sometimes a house,

19 sometimes the bridge, and so on. So that's what it's all about.

20 JUDGE BONOMY: General, when you say that on one day there were

21 200 attacks, does that mean that on at least 200 separate occasions a NATO

22 attacking aircraft dropped a bomb successfully, struck something

23 significant on that one day?

24 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No. No.

25 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, I'm confused, so perhaps you could clarify

Page 45387

1 it.

2 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] When there is an attack, then an

3 aircraft drops something lethal. If this falls into a forest where there

4 are no soldiers or policemen or civilians or buildings, this is still an

5 attack, but it doesn't mean that at that point in time there was any

6 effect of that attack.

7 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, I understand that, except that you did say,

8 "Specifically in my reports I referred primarily to those attacks when

9 there were effects," and what I was deducing from that was that when you

10 give a figure of 200 --

11 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes.

12 JUDGE BONOMY: -- when you give a figure of 200, that's a minimum

13 figure. There must have been on that particular day at least 200

14 occasions when a NATO attacking aircraft actually did something by

15 bombing. It may have been unsuccessful because it landed in the forest,

16 but it may have been successful, but that's what you're saying: On at

17 least 200 occasions on that one day an attack was mounted by NATO.

18 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] This table here is not a table that

19 pertains only to Djakovo -- Djakovica or only Kosovo and Metohija. This

20 table pertains to all of Yugoslavia, the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia,

21 this table here. This table pertains to the Federal Republic of

22 Yugoslavia.

23 JUDGE BONOMY: Yes. Just one moment, though, 'til I go back a

24 little. You gave evidence that on the 30th of March there were 200

25 attacks; is that right?

Page 45388

1 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No. In the period from the 24th of

2 March until the 30th of March. So this is according to weeks. Increase

3 of NATO forces by weeks of attack. So this is the week from the 24th of

4 March until the 30th of March. That was the number of attacks during that

5 week.

6 JUDGE BONOMY: No. Well, your evidence on that was that from the

7 24th of March until the 30th there were 300 attacks, and then you were

8 asked some more questions, and you went on to say, and I'm quoting exactly

9 your words as translated: "There were 200 attacks on the 30th of March,"

10 and that led me to raise the various questions I've raised.

11 So are you now trying to tell me that that is not your evidence?

12 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] What I said, that this is a table

13 according to weeks. That's the table. From the 24th of March until the

14 30th of March. In that week there were 300 attacks.

15 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

16 Q. A bit more, as we can see on the table.

17 A. Yes; 325.

18 JUDGE BONOMY: So should I regard you as withdrawing the answer

19 that there were 200 attacks on the 30th of March?

20 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I would like to hear when I said

21 that. Where did I say that, that on that day there were that many

22 attacks?

23 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, you said it this morning. It's here in front

24 of me. But can I take it that that's wrong?

25 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Maybe it was a slip of the tongue,

Page 45389

1 because all of this is by weeks.

2 JUDGE BONOMY: I understand that. It's a simple --

3 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Seven days.

4 JUDGE BONOMY: It's a simple question: Is it wrong to say that

5 there were 200 attacks on the 30th of March? Is that inaccurate?

6 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I'd have to calculate that. I would

7 have to do the arithmetic involved. Perhaps that was the case.

8 JUDGE BONOMY: So it may be right. Okay. Thank you.

9 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. Well, let us admit, then, that map. We'll

10 mark it for identification pending translation. And tab 2 as well.

11 That's the book. His book, yes.

12 And then we'll take the adjournment now for 20 minutes.

13 --- Recess taken at 12.22 p.m.

14 --- Upon resuming at 12.45 p.m.

15 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Milosevic, continue.

16 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

17 Q. General, what else do we find on that map as far as tables are

18 concerned? Could you read it.

19 A. We see an overview of registered sorties of the combat aviation by

20 countries involved and an overview of lethal weapons, projectiles used,

21 and we can see Djakovica specifically.

22 Q. What do we see on that specific Djakovica map?

23 A. We see the number of buildings that were targeted, where it says

24 18 per cent were on the territory of Djakovica. And we see the buildings

25 that were targeted during these attacks.

Page 45390












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 45391

1 So specific attacks and the number of attacks per building or

2 feature. Number of features, number of attacks per feature.

3 As I said, the number of features, number of attacks per feature,

4 and features that were targeted with the number of attacks per feature.

5 Q. How many strikes were there?

6 A. 236 strikes on 38 features.

7 Q. And the number of bombs and projectiles is larger than those

8 numbers?

9 A. Yes, of course. Depending on the type of plane and the type of

10 weapon it carries, the number of projectiles is always higher.

11 There were 12 strikes on the town itself, and then on the

12 barracks, Devet Jugovica barracks, which was in the centre, there were 13

13 strikes. Cabrat feature, 46 strikes. Installations of the reserve, 28

14 strikes. All this is in the centre of Djakovica. Furthermore, we see

15 strikes in the border area Brovina, Batusa, Molici, each of them six

16 times, one of them 18 times.

17 Q. All right, General. You showed us on the map all places that were

18 targeted by the NATO aviation, and I read out to you a list of towns

19 mentioned in paragraph 63 where some sort of deportation is claimed.

20 According to your assessment and from what we see on the map, was

21 the density of targets large in all those places?

22 A. Sometimes it's higher, sometimes it's lower. In Vucitrn, for

23 instance, it was lower, whereas Djakovica, Prizren, Pristina, Urosevac,

24 Pec, Decani, the density of strikes was extremely high.

25 Q. When you say that in Vucitrn the density of strikes was lower,

Page 45392

1 what do you mean by that?

2 A. Well, the town of Vucitrn is small, and that's why, relatively

3 speaking, there were less strikes against it. You can also calculate it

4 on the basis of number of strikes per square kilometre.

5 Q. I read out to you all the places from which there was alleged

6 deportation. Did you show us all of them?

7 A. Yes, all of them. Urosevac was hit many times, the town and its

8 suburbs. Gnjilane, Pec.

9 Q. We won't go back to all those places.

10 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] But that's the point, Mr. Robinson.

11 It transpires that, according to paragraph 64, our forces are charged with

12 deportation only from those places that were bombed. There seem to be no

13 deportation from other places.

14 MR. NICE: [Previous translation continues]... accused is going to

15 give evidence, he should be restrained from --

16 JUDGE ROBINSON: I know it's a comment, and we'll treat it that

17 way, Mr. Nice.

18 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Very well.

19 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

20 Q. General, it is alleged that on the 24th of March, 1999, the old

21 mosque in Rogovo, Bazar mosque, Hadum and the Islamic library next to it

22 were among cultural facilities that were partially or completely

23 destroyed. What do you know about that?

24 A. That is not true. The first rocket fell on Djakovica at 2000

25 hours. My operations duty officer received a report from a MUP unit that

Page 45393

1 the centre of the town was hit. I was at Cabrat at the time, which is a

2 hill overlooking Djakovica from which you can see the town as on the palm

3 of your hand. Since we had equipment that was not suited for night

4 action, we were mainly located in our shelters. After several

5 detonations, I saw from that hill that the Catholic street where the said

6 mosque was located was on fire.

7 The mobile post of the brigade was next to Marsenica house, next

8 to the hill itself, in a sheltered place at the foot of the hill. That is

9 the truth that I can tell you.

10 Q. So according to what you say, there was no activity on the part of

11 our forces.

12 A. No, there wasn't.

13 Q. You are saying that only the NATO aviation was active that night.

14 A. That night there was only action by the NATO Air Force.

15 Q. Thank you, General. It is also said that: "From the 2nd to the

16 4th of April, 1999, thousands of Kosovo Albanians living in the town of

17 Djakovica and neighbouring villages joined a large convoy, either on foot

18 or driving in cars, trucks, and tractors, and moved to the border of

19 Albania." What do you know about that? What would be the reason?

20 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, which paragraph?

21 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Let me see.

22 MR. NICE: 63(h)(i) may be right.


24 MR. NICE: (h)(i).

25 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] 63(h)(i). Then Djakovica is also

Page 45394

1 mentioned in (ii).

2 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

3 Q. Now, General, below that map is the map we discussed before we

4 reached tab 3, the one that you explained a moment ago. That one relates

5 only to Djakovica. It is still up there, although in the meantime we had

6 returned to tab 3. So we haven't looked at it at all.

7 A. Yes, that's the one.

8 Q. It's my impression, General, that the format of that map is much

9 smaller, and maybe it would be better to put it on the overhead projector,

10 because we can't see anything.

11 JUDGE ROBINSON: On the overhead projector, Mr. Usher.

12 JUDGE KWON: So it's not included in this binder?

13 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] No, it's not. It's a map that has

14 just been made.

15 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

16 Q. What does that map show, General? It's only Djakovica.

17 A. This map shows NATO action in the area of defence of the 2nd

18 Battalion of the 549th Brigade that was in the area of Djakovica. So it's

19 in this area where Djakovica is. And the map shows the places and

20 activities of NATO aviation by type of weapon used and by period.

21 According to the same principle, from the 24th of March until the

22 25th of May, from the 26th of April until the 24th of May, and from the

23 25th of May until the end. That's how we distinguish between periods; by

24 colour.

25 Q. Explain that.

Page 45395

1 A. The orange -- orange depicts action of NATO aviation from the 24th

2 of March until the 25th of April. So it includes the first day.

3 Blue shows the period from the 26th of April to the 24th of May.

4 As for lethal charges or weapons, the arrows show rockets. This

5 diamond shows one type of bomb, the circle shows a cluster bomb, this

6 shows fluorescent bombs, and the small triangle shows depleted uranium,

7 and this little truck shows action or strikes on refugee columns, and the

8 last symbol shows strikes on settlements.

9 Q. Columns or settlements?

10 A. A column was in Meja, and a settlement was in Bistrazin.

11 From this map we see that in the first month, until the 24th of

12 April, there were several strikes on the town of Djakovica, on features

13 around Djakovica, including the Devet Jugovica barracks, and several

14 features in the vicinity of Djakovica in the direction of the border.

15 We also see that, as time went on during the aggression, the

16 number of weapons increased, but it is typical that cluster bombs, regular

17 bombs, and rockets were used all the time, and only depleted uranium was

18 used solely in the later period.

19 All this information can be found in war logs and combat reports,

20 and we can take this as detailed, accurate information.

21 If, for instance, there was a break in communication and we were

22 unable to inform the corps command, which was in Pristina, in such cases

23 we were unable to report certain incidents of action, certain strikes, at

24 press conferences. This was particularly due to the fact that there were

25 many repeaters in this area, many towers and communication equipment.

Page 45396

1 This is, generally speaking, the area of responsibility of the 549th

2 Brigade, where my brigade command was also located.

3 We can also see on the map which features were targeted and how

4 the intensity grew. With the attempt to break through the line, the

5 defence line at Kosare, a large number of NATO planes carrying cluster

6 bombs were used, and that can be considered as support to the forces that

7 were trying to break into the territory of our state from the area of

8 Kosare.

9 Q. General, you have explained the intensity of action, the density

10 of strikes in particular places from which refugees fled. So what is your

11 conclusion about the main reason why people fled?

12 A. My basic conclusion is that refugees started leaving in order to

13 flee NATO action but also -- but especially in the area of Djakovica, also

14 fearing that they might be trapped in an area where forces of our country,

15 the army, and the MUP would clash with the terrorists. Plus, as I said,

16 there was propaganda. There were threats. There were people who were

17 forced to leave their homes.

18 Q. The opposite side claims that the forces of the FRY and Serbia

19 directed people to go in certain directions and then at the border took

20 away identity papers and licence plates from the people who were fleeing.

21 Do you know anything about that?

22 A. As for direction, the direction was set by the NATO aviation. It

23 was perfectly logical that people from Djakovica would go across the

24 Fatucit [phoen] pass, taking the shortest route to safety. It was also

25 normal that people from Prizren would go via Grbica, that people from

Page 45397

1 Urosevac would go via Kacanik. So it was NATO action that determined who

2 would be going where. Everybody took the shortest route to safety.

3 As for your second question, there was not a single incident that

4 I know of or that was reported to me where our army, our security forces,

5 would be taking people's identity papers. Why would they do that?

6 Q. In paragraph 65(ii), it says that the forces --

7 THE INTERPRETER: Could we have a reference, please, to the

8 paragraph?

9 JUDGE ROBINSON: Just a minute, please, Mr. Milosevic. The

10 interpreter would like an accurate reference. It's paragraph 65 --

11 MR. NICE: More likely to be 63, again, I think.

12 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] 63.

13 JUDGE ROBINSON: And what subparagraph?

14 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] (ii). (k)(ii). No, wait a minute.

15 My mistake.

16 MR. KAY: It's (h).

17 JUDGE ROBINSON: It's (h)(ii).

18 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] All right. It is (h)(ii),

19 subparagraph (ii). We have (h), then (h)(i), and then (h)(ii), et cetera.

20 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. We have it.

21 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] I don't know if you've found it.

22 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

23 Q. It says: "... the forces of FRY and Serbia launched a massive

24 attack against the Carragojs, Erenik and Trava valleys (Djakovica

25 municipality), including the remaining residents of the aforementioned

Page 45398

1 villages, in order to drive the population out of the area."

2 A. That's not true. The Carragojs valley is in the border belt, rear

3 border belt, between the communication lines of Korenica, Ibrovina

4 [phoen], and Junik, those roads, and another communication line,

5 Djakovica-Pec. And it is very important -- a very important area.

6 There's a lot of forest, wooded area, and it was a stronghold, a very

7 strong stronghold of the terrorist forces.

8 At that time, there was the danger looming that these terrorist

9 forces would be support and reinforcement to the forces which would come

10 from Kosova, penetrating into our territory. And on the other side, they

11 prevented -- on the other hand, they prevented supplies from coming in to

12 our forces who were fighting the terrorists in the area of Kosare, Morina,

13 Batusa, and so on and so forth.

14 In order to avoid this situation and avoid holding our forces

15 under siege, and at the time there was great support from NATO -- the NATO

16 Air Force at the Kosare area, the corps command took the decision to

17 neutralise the terrorists. Before that, in that same area, we had a

18 number of conflicts and clashes between the terrorists and the forces of

19 the police and army, and there were also attacks launched against the

20 civilian population.

21 So there was absolutely no question of the fact that the army of

22 Yugoslavia, or as it says here the forces of the FRY and Serbia, that they

23 launched an offensive. Quite the contrary. It was an anti-terrorist

24 operation aimed at weakening the enemy forces which were concentrated at

25 that location during that period of time, where there were three brigades

Page 45399

1 of the Siptar terrorists. And there was great danger that they would, in

2 a way, be a descent axis for the ground forces which might have succeeded

3 in reaching Kosare.

4 Q. All right. But in the same paragraph that I mentioned, it says:

5 "In Meja, Korenica, and Meja Orize, a large, and as yet undetermined,

6 number of Kosovo Albanian civilian males were separated from the mass of

7 fleeing villagers, abducted and executed. Throughout the entire day,

8 villagers under direct threat from the forces of the FRY and Serbia left

9 their homes and joined several convoys of refugees using tractors, horse

10 carts, and cars, and eventually crossed into Albania."

11 Once again, identity documents are mentioned. I don't want to ask

12 you about that, we've already discussed that issue, but what I'm asking

13 you now is about these people in Meja, Korenica, Meja Orize, in those

14 places.

15 A. Meja, Meja Orize, and Korenica are located in the Crnogorac

16 valley, and by virtue of their location, they were no less important than

17 the valley mentioned a moment ago. On the other hand, neither I nor any

18 of our people had any knowledge of anything untoward happening in the

19 sense of a crime having taken place. I was the garrison commander, and I

20 never heard at any briefing when anybody reported to me that anybody

21 mentioned any operations or crimes there, having been committed there.

22 And in addition to that, many of my officers from my brigade lived

23 in Djakovica, had lived in Djakovica for ten years, in fact, and all my

24 commanding officers were duty-bound, had the obligation to inform the

25 commander of the brigade about all events that took place. Nobody ever

Page 45400

1 informed me about anything like that nor at the briefing sessions did I

2 ever hear from anyone that an event of that kind had ever taken place. So

3 I don't believe it. I don't believe anything like that could have

4 happened.

5 Q. Right. That anything like that could have happened. Here it

6 says: "... a large, and as yet undetermined, number of Kosovo Albanian

7 civilian males were separated from the mass of fleeing villagers, abducted

8 and executed."

9 A. That is impossible. Our army and police would certainly never do

10 anything like that.

11 And the second point that remains unclear: How come that it

12 always says "civilian males"? It never mentions terrorists anywhere. The

13 terms used are never KLA members. It is never uniformed persons,

14 terrorists, that are referred to. It is not possible that they were only

15 civilian males, civilians and only civilian males, and that they alone

16 were allegedly the victims of attacks by the FRY and Serbia, or their

17 forces. Quite simply, no mention is made of a basic fact here, and that

18 is that we fought against terrorists. It was terrorists that we fought

19 against. And by the by, who was it that Paddy Ashdown spoke to during the

20 training session if they were all civilians?

21 Q. Now, this same thing, General, is mentioned in paragraph 66, the

22 same thing.

23 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic. Can I ask, was there any bombing

24 in that area at the time referred to in that paragraph?

25 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] In that area along the ridges, on

Page 45401












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 45402

1 the outskirts of the area there were bombings. Cabrat, for example, was

2 bombed a maximum number of times. Then in Meja there was an attack on a

3 refugee column. In Duzanj, in Zur, Zub, Ponosevac, on the road from

4 Brovina to Junik.

5 JUDGE ROBINSON: [Previous translation continues]... refugee

6 column.

7 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] NATO -- the NATO Air Force. I saw

8 that.

9 JUDGE ROBINSON: All right. Mr. Milosevic.

10 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

11 Q. In that same paragraph -- I'm not going to repeat what it says in

12 paragraph 63 and then is repeated in paragraph 66 about the attack on the

13 Carragojs valley with the intention that is alleged here and which you are

14 denying. Anyway, in that same paragraph, 66, the following is stated

15 that: "A large number of members of the forces of FRY and Serbia were

16 used setting up several checkpoints. Throughout the day, the villagers

17 left their homes faced with an onslaught of FRY forces and joined up with

18 some of the convoys of refugees on tractors, carts ..." and so on.

19 THE INTERPRETER: May we have a reference, please.

20 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation] So they go on --

21 JUDGE ROBINSON: Just a moment. The reference to that is 66(i).

22 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Yes.

23 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Without a doubt, there was control

24 over the territory. There was control over the roads, and that is indeed

25 the obligation on the part of the MUP, to control movement. That is not

Page 45403

1 something that is challenged. But what I want to say is this: The army

2 and the police never expelled anybody, nor did they influence the decision

3 of Albanian refugees to leave. In Djakovica, I saw many columns. They

4 weren't as large, truth to tell, as is mentioned in some media, but those

5 columns did go on foot. There were never any males in them. For the most

6 part, they were women and children.

7 Now, as far as the attack in Meja is concerned, the air force

8 strikes, I arrived there five minutes after an airstrike had taken place,

9 and I was an eyewitness myself of the event.

10 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

11 Q. Now, in that same paragraph it says: "In Meja, Korenica, and Meja

12 Orize, a large, and as yet undetermined, number of Kosovo Albanian

13 civilian males were separated from the mass of fleeing villagers and

14 abducted. Many of these men were summarily executed, and approximately

15 300 persons are still missing. Identity documents pertaining to at least

16 seven persons who were last seen at Meja ... were found on bodies exhumed

17 from a clandestine mass grave located in Batajnica ..."

18 What can you tell us about those allegations in the indictment?

19 A. Well, that seems to me to be quite unbelievable. I explained a

20 moment ago that the army and police never engaged in such activity. There

21 was simply no need for them to act that way. The army and the police

22 settled accounts with the terrorists. They clashed with the terrorists in

23 cases where they were directly attacked by them and where they had to

24 defend their units and positions.

25 All the rest, and constant mention is made of this, that they were

Page 45404

1 all males, that they were all civilian males, loses all meaning and sense

2 when we know how many, just how many terrorists there were in Kosovo and

3 Metohija. Everybody talks about them. Everybody mentions them.

4 Everybody saw them. And it is quite inconceivable that suddenly no

5 mention is made of the fact that these people were terrorists or KLA

6 fighters, whichever you -- whichever way you like to put it. It always

7 says "civilian males."

8 JUDGE BONOMY: Do you accept, or do you have knowledge of, I think

9 is the correct question, of bodies being exhumed from a clandestine mass

10 grave in Batajnica?

11 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I heard something about that. There

12 was -- it was rumoured, especially after 2001. However, I don't believe

13 it, and it seems to me quite unimaginable that somebody could have done

14 something like that.

15 JUDGE BONOMY: You don't believe that there was a mass grave?

16 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I know that it was not a mass grave.

17 Possibly someone brought in the bodies, but I know that it is not a mass

18 grave. I -- after Markale, I know of all the kinds of things that could

19 be done and could happen, and I have had experience with manipulations,

20 and I claim that they were sheer manipulations, conducted with a specific

21 intent which I'm sure you all know what it was.

22 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

23 Q. Very well. In paragraph 66(e), it says that: "On the evening of

24 the 26th of March, 1999 --" "On or about the evening of the 26th of

25 March, 1999, in the town of Djakovica, forces of the FRY and Serbia came

Page 45405

1 to a house at 134a Ymer Grezda Street. The women and children inside the

2 house were separated from the men, and were ordered to go upstairs. The

3 forces of the FRY and Serbia then shot and killed the six Kosovo Albanian

4 men who were in the house."

5 See we're dealing with the 26th of March, here, 1999. Were you in

6 Djakovica then?

7 A. Yes, I was in Djakovica at that time.

8 Q. And you were the commander of the Djakovica garrison at that time,

9 were you not?

10 A. Yes, I was the commander of the Djakovica garrison at that time,

11 and I did have talks with the president of the municipality and also head

12 of the Ministry of the Interior, and also -- well, I said that some of my

13 officers in fact lived in Djakovica and had lived there before the

14 beginning of the fighting.

15 Q. Very well. Let's just clarify this point. When you say "talks,"

16 did you have regular meetings? You were the garrison commander.

17 A. Yes.

18 Q. You just mentioned the mayor, the president of the municipality,

19 and the head of the Secretariat of the Interior. Did you have any regular

20 meetings with those leaders; civilian, police, and other leaders at the

21 level of Djakovica municipality?

22 A. Yes, we did have meetings from time to time when the need arose.

23 Q. How frequent would that have been?

24 A. Well, two or three times a week, depending on the situation. And

25 therefore we exchanged information, each other's information, and at no

Page 45406

1 point did I receive any information to that effect which would indicate

2 that anything like that was going on in town or had happened in town.

3 Q. All right. As the garrison commander, your military policemen

4 were there. You spoke to the chief of MUP, the president of the

5 municipality. Would you have had to have known if an event like that had

6 taken place? You were there on the spot. Djakovica is not New York, it's

7 a relatively small town. Would you have had to have known about it if it

8 had happened?

9 MR. NICE: Can't be said to be free of comment. Can't be said to

10 be free of leading.

11 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, reformulate the question without

12 comments and without leading.

13 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

14 Q. All right, General. You've explained this, how often meetings

15 were held at municipal level, that is to say the municipal leaders and the

16 garrison commander. Could something like that have happened without you

17 knowing?

18 A. No. That could not have happened. Something like that could not

19 have happened without me knowing about it, learning about it from the head

20 of the municipality, or from the chief of police of Djakovica.

21 Q. In paragraph 66(h) it says that: "On or about the late evening of

22 the 1st of April, 1999, and continuing through the early morning hours of

23 the 2nd of April, 1999, the forces of the FRY and Serbia launched an

24 operation against the Qerim district of Djakovica. Over a period of

25 several hours, forces of the FRY and Serbia forcibly entered houses of

Page 45407

1 Kosovo Albanians in the Qerim district, killed the occupants, and then set

2 fire to the buildings."

3 Where were you on the 1st and 2nd of April?

4 A. On the 1st and 2nd of April I was in that area. I was in

5 Djakovica but I was in Ljug Bunar, in that neighbourhood, which is right

6 next to Qerim. Ljug Bunar cannot be reached without going through Qerim.

7 As for the night in question --

8 Q. The 1st of April and the early morning hours of the 2nd of April;

9 right?

10 A. That night one of my radars was hit and two of my soldiers were

11 killed, Simbaljevic Djordje and Ivanovic Zoran. We spent the entire

12 night, most of us did, over there, trying to save the soldiers and to

13 extinguish the fire on the radar. I was there myself.

14 That night a medical team came from the town of Djakovica, also

15 fire fighters, and all of them have to go through Qerim on their way

16 there. I had a unit of mine there, platoon size, that was at the winery

17 here right behind Qerim. It's at an elevation, and they can see

18 everything from there. All of them stated that on that night they did not

19 notice anything. So the road had not been blocked. Truth to tell, there

20 was no electricity in town, nothing could be seen, but they didn't hear

21 anything either.

22 I have no knowledge whatsoever about this from relevant sources.

23 Nobody informed me about this. Nobody reported to me about this, and I

24 would have had to know had this happened.

25 Q. You've said just now that you'd have to go through this

Page 45408

1 neighbourhood of Qerim that is mentioned here in order to get to Ljug

2 Bunar, the neighbourhood that you mentioned.

3 A. Yes.

4 Q. What is the distance between Ljug Bunar and Qerim?

5 A. Five hundred metres as the crow flies.

6 Q. So you were 500 metres away from the place where it is alleged

7 that buildings were entered and residents were killed?

8 A. Yes, I was 500 metres away. This is the airport. That's what

9 it's called. And it is actually a continuation of the Qerim

10 neighbourhood. It's called Ljug Bunar, and that's where I was that night,

11 on I saw what was going on.

12 Q. So from this 500 metre distance, could you see somebody shooting,

13 torching houses in Qerim, whatever?

14 A. Quite certainly shooting and torching could have been heard from

15 that spot, but that night all of those who were with us, and there were

16 quite a few of us there when we were trying to save the radars, they all

17 stated that they heard nothing. I didn't hear anything either until I

18 read about this in Natasa Kandic's book. "Crimes in Kosovo," that's the

19 name of the book, I think.

20 JUDGE BONOMY: Twice you've said the same thing, that everyone

21 there said they heard nothing. When was it that everyone was expressing a

22 view about hearing nothing that night?

23 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] When I read this information or,

24 rather, when the commission that was established for investigating the

25 alleged crimes, when they called me to ask me about that, then I called my

Page 45409

1 subordinates, officers who were also there, because I hadn't seen anything

2 or heard anything. I asked them whether they knew anything about it, and

3 they all stated that they knew nothing. Lieutenant Colonel Odak, among

4 others, said so, commander of a battalion. Then Colonel Vukasinovic, who

5 was commander of that unit from which these killed soldiers came and also

6 whose soldiers were in that winery. When I said "everybody," I was

7 actually referring to them.

8 JUDGE BONOMY: Which commission are you referring to this time?

9 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] The commission that was established

10 in order to clarify matters after the book was published. The book called

11 "Kosovo: As Seen, As Told." I think that's the name of the book. That

12 was the first time I heard about this alleged crime. Of course, I did

13 mind, and the commission called me to ask me about this. I reacted after

14 that. I called my own officers who could have known had this happened.

15 JUDGE BONOMY: Please confine yourself to answering the questions

16 I'm asking. The commission was established by whom?

17 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I don't know who established the

18 commission.

19 JUDGE BONOMY: Who were the members of the commission?

20 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I know that members of that

21 commission were people for the most part who were professors, doctors,

22 experts from different fields. From the military there were responsible

23 officers, then retired officers, and so on.

24 THE INTERPRETER: Could the witness please be asked to speak into

25 the microphone, interpreter's note.

Page 45410

1 JUDGE BONOMY: And can you tell me when it was established?

2 THE INTERPRETER: Interpreter's note: Could the witness please

3 speak into the microphone.

4 JUDGE ROBINSON: Just a second. Just a second, please come closer

5 to the microphone and speak into the microphone. It's a request from the

6 interpreter.

7 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I personally do not know when this

8 commission was established, but I know when they invited me to come. They

9 invited me to come when the book came out. That was in 2001 or something

10 like that. I think it was the end of 2001. I think. I'm not quite sure.

11 JUDGE BONOMY: Just finally, can I take it that on the night in

12 question there is no question of there being terrorists located in houses

13 in Qerim?

14 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I don't know on the basis of what

15 you make that assumption.

16 JUDGE BONOMY: So are you saying -- well, I made the assumption on

17 the basis that you said there was no information about any activity

18 leading to deaths in Qerim, but perhaps I've misunderstood you. Are you

19 saying that perhaps there were people killed in Qerim and perhaps these

20 people were terrorists, or are you saying there was no activity there at

21 all?

22 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] What I said was that I did not have

23 any knowledge of anything having happened in Qerim. I did not say that

24 there were terrorists there. I did not say that any such thing happened.

25 I said that I had no knowledge until I read this book.

Page 45411

1 JUDGE BONOMY: That's why I asked the question the way I did,

2 which was, if I can repeat it: Can I take it that on the night in

3 question there is no question of there being terrorists located in houses

4 in Qerim?

5 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I cannot say anything about whether

6 there were or whether there were not or whether that happened. I don't

7 want to engage in guesswork. I'm just saying what I know.

8 JUDGE BONOMY: I thought from the way in which you were answering

9 questions, in view of all the discussions we've been told that you had,

10 that if there had been terrorists in Qerim, you would have known about it,

11 but am I wrong about that now?

12 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I did not say that I would have

13 known had there been any terrorists. I said that I would have known about

14 this event having happened. Of course I did not know where each and every

15 terrorist was, where every particular terrorist was.

16 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

17 JUDGE KWON: General, as for the commission you told Judge Bonomy

18 about, is it not the Commission for the Cooperation with the ICTY? Are

19 you referring to a different --

20 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes.

21 JUDGE KWON: The --

22 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes.

23 JUDGE KWON: Thank you.

24 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes, Mr. Milosevic.

25 MR. MILOSEVIC: [Interpretation]

Page 45412

1 Q. General, in that same paragraph, that is 66(h), it says that:

2 "Tens of houses were destroyed and dozens of people were killed. For

3 example, in Milos Gilic Street, number 57, forces of the FRY and Serbia

4 shot the occupants and then set the house on fire. As a result of the

5 shooting and the fire set by the forces of the FRY and Serbia at this

6 single location, 20 Kosovo Albanians were killed. Of whom 19 were women

7 and children."

8 What is your knowledge about this particular event?

9 A. In response to that, I could answer the same way I did about

10 Qerim: Had this happened, I would have known about it.

11 As for this, no one informed me about it. No one reported to me

12 about this, and I did not have any knowledge about this, nor do I believe

13 that this happened until I read it in the book that you were talking

14 about. So I certainly would have known had it happened. Somebody would

15 have informed me about this. After all, in the unit we had officers who

16 lived in Djakovica and they would have known.

17 I was absent often from Djakovica because I had units throughout

18 the area of Kosovo and Metohija, but my other organs were there, and they

19 were also responsible and they would be duty-bound to react to any event

20 that they knew of had something like this happened.

21 Q. Thank you, General. In paragraph 105, it says: "In addition to

22 the forced expulsions of Kosovo Albanians, forces of the FRY and Serbia

23 also engaged in a number of killings of Kosovo Albanians since the 24th of

24 March, 1999. Such killings occurred at numerous locations, including but

25 not limited to ..." and then a large number of villages are mentioned and

Page 45413

1 towns, including Djakovica, Meja, then Bela Crkva, Mala Krusa, Velika

2 Krusa, Djakovica, Padaliste, Izbica, Vucitrn, Meja, Dubrava, Suva Reka,

3 Kacanik. Of course you don't know about these other places but I assume

4 that you would have to know about Djakovica.

5 A. Yes. Again, I have to say that I've been answering the same

6 question several times now. I cannot believe that the question is always

7 being put in this way, "men, civilians". The MUP and the army of

8 Yugoslavia were fighting against terrorists, and when they were attacked,

9 then of course they applied force against the attackers, as envisaged in

10 the combat rules. But that there was wanton killing, that's not true.

11 Civilians were never the object or target of the members of the army or

12 police. After all, these are our own citizens. Why would the army or the

13 police kill their own citizens?

14 Q. Do you know where Racaj is?

15 A. Yes.

16 Q. Is this in the area of --

17 A. Yes, the municipality of Djakovica.

18 Q. Beqe Beqaj, a witness who testified here on the 29th of August,

19 2002, the page is now 9117 and 9116 in the transcript, he says in August

20 1998, and you said you assumed your duty in July 1998 --

21 A. Yes, the 15th of July, 1998.

22 Q. So he says that in August 1998, that is to say after you took over

23 the garrison in Djakovica, the population of Racaj and other villages

24 first leave the area of the village when the army of Yugoslavia arrived in

25 the village and in the territory of other villages. That's when they

Page 45414

1 first left the village, when the army and the police came to that area.

2 And then he says that on the 14th of April, 1999, the army and the police

3 came to the village of Racaj again, and the witness says that they ordered

4 them to leave their homes. That is page 9116 of the transcript.

5 Do you know anything about that? Is this true?

6 A. I assert that this is not true. If the population left the

7 village of Racaj in that period, that happened only if there was fighting

8 between the terrorists and our forces. At that time, there was heavy

9 fighting between the terrorist -- the terrorists and our forces precisely

10 in that area. When the anti-terrorist operation was over, the population

11 returned to their homes.

12 Q. What about April 1999? It says that yet again they came to Racaj,

13 and he says that they ordered them to leave their homes. On the 14th of

14 April, 1999, that's what he says: The army of Yugoslavia and the MUP came

15 to Racaj again and told them to leave their homes.

16 A. Civilians were leaving those areas where terrorists came and where

17 fighting between the terrorists and the forces of the army of Yugoslavia

18 was expected, or it was assumed that it could happen, or between the

19 terrorists and the MUP. And it is only natural that sensible people would

20 leave the area.

21 So fleeing from that and afraid that they would be in a war

22 situation or, rather, that they would be engulfed by the operations that

23 were indeed taking place against the terrorists, they would leave their

24 villages.

25 Q. All right. But my point is what the witness said, that members of

Page 45415

1 the army ordered the residents to leave their homes in the village.

2 A. It is quite certain that members of the army never ordered anyone

3 to leave their homes. On the contrary. It was in our interest for the

4 civilian population to be where they were. It was in our interest that

5 columns not be created, that any problems be created in the combat

6 deployment of our unit. So it was very important for us to have them stay

7 where they were.

8 JUDGE ROBINSON: Mr. Milosevic, we have to stop now. There is a

9 trial here at 2.15.

10 We will adjourn --

11 JUDGE KWON: I think you yourself should have prepared for all

12 this, but I mention two tabs from Jovanovic binder, which is 275. So that

13 those -- we didn't admit those tabs because Mr. Jovanovic is a suitable

14 person to lay foundation to the document, because he, as a Minister of

15 Foreign Affairs, he just compiled and published the book. So consider

16 overnight whether you can deal with that book with this witness.

17 JUDGE ROBINSON: Yes. We will adjourn until tomorrow, 9.00 a.m.

18 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 1.44 p.m.,

19 to be reconvened on Wednesday, the 19th day of

20 October, 2005, at 9.00 a.m.