1 Thursday, 9 June 2011
2 [Open session]
3 [The accused entered court]
4 --- Upon commencing at 9.09 a.m.
5 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] The Court is in session. Good
6 morning everyone in and around the courtroom. I'd like to greet the
7 Defence, General Tolimir, Mr. Gajic, the OTP, Mr. Vanderpuye, and his
8 associate, and all the people assisting us in and around this courtroom.
9 As you may have noticed, the Presiding Judge is not here today.
10 He is away for medical reasons.
11 Mr. Gajic.
12 MR. GAJIC: [Interpretation] Apologies, Your Honour. Mr. Tolimir
13 is having some technical problems with his headphones. He is not
14 receiving any sound.
15 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Very well. The usher will check
16 what the matter is.
17 MR. GAJIC: [Interpretation] It's been solved, Mr. President. We
18 apologise for this interruption.
19 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Very well. Thank you.
20 I said that, pursuant to Rule 15 bis of the Rules of Procedure
21 and Evidence, the Trial Chamber is satisfied that it can sit as is fit,
22 pursuant to the Rules of Procedure and Evidence, and in light of the
23 seniority of the Judges here, I have the honour to be the Presiding Judge
24 today. We shall continue with the examination-in-chief of the Prosecutor
25 this morning, Mr. Vanderpuye, but prior to that, we shall bring the
1 witness in the courtroom, and we need to move into closed session.
2 Registrar, please, closed session.
3 [Closed session]
14 [Open session]
15 THE REGISTRAR: We're back in open session, Your Honours. Thank
17 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Thank you very much.
18 We are in open session once again.
19 Good morning, Witness. Witness, Zoran Malinic, let me remind you
20 that the statement you gave yesterday to tell the truth and nothing but
21 the truth, the solemn declaration that you gave today, still applies
23 WITNESS: ZORAN MALINIC [Resumed]
24 [Witness answered through interpreter]
25 JUDGE MINDUA: I shall give to the floor to the Prosecutor,
1 Mr. Vanderpuye, for the rest of his examination-in-chief.
2 Mr. Vanderpuye, you have the floor.
3 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you very much, Mr. President. Good
4 morning to you, Your Honours. Good morning, everyone.
5 Examination by Mr. Vanderpuye: [Continued]
6 Q. And good morning to you, Mr. Malinic. We had yesterday P663B, I
7 believe, which was the intercept in e-court.
8 MR. VANDERPUYE: If I could continue with that, please. And if
9 we could please go to the next page in the English, and I think we stay
10 on the same page in the B/C/S. It's a bit difficult to see here. Okay.
11 Q. I had begun asking you, sir, about the conversation that
12 continues with Beara and Zoka, and you will notice in the middle of the
13 page in the English, and I think just about the middle also in the B/C/S,
14 you'll see a reference to, "About 500." It says:
15 "What's new?"
16 Beara says:
17 "What's new?"
18 And the answer is:
19 "Well easy, there are about 500."
20 After that, you'll see that Beara says:
21 "Excellent, man."
22 Zoka says:
23 "At least it looks like 20. One group got through during the
24 night up there, behind our backs."
25 The reference to the group that got through during that night, is
1 that a reference to the night of the 12th, into the 13th of July?
2 A. If this conversation took place at quarter past 10.00, as it says
3 here, I suppose it happened the previous night, between the 12th and 13th
4 of July, 1995.
5 Q. All right. So from this intercept, it's clear that there were
6 groups moving through that area on the night of the 12th, at least into
7 the 13th.
8 A. Yes.
9 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] General Tolimir.
10 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Mr. President, I'd like to greet
11 all those present and may peace be in this house and these proceedings
12 completed in keeping with God's will and not my own.
13 I'd like to greet Mr. Malinic and wish him a pleasant stay.
14 When this document was shown to him yesterday, he said that he
15 couldn't see people in Kasaba because it was 8 kilometres away. Now we
16 have another reference here. There's a mention of a night and some
17 people who went behind someone's back. Is it a group from Kasaba or some
18 other group? It seems that things got mixed up here during this
19 electronic intercept. It seems now he's -- it's not clear whether he is
20 talking about Kasaba or Konjevic Polje.
21 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Mr. Vanderpuye.
22 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you, Mr. President.
23 I think that the answer that the witness has given is clear,
24 given the context in which this intercept arises. We have before us the
25 transcript from yesterday. The conversation began with Mr. Lucic,
1 Captain Lucic, the witness's deputy. The conversation specifically
2 concerned 400, as Beara put it, balijas, in the area of Konjevic Polje,
3 and this is simply the continuation of that same conversation. So I
4 think the context is clear from the intercept itself. And certainly if
5 General Tolimir wants to know more about the intercept, he's welcome to
6 do that when he cross-examines the witness.
7 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] General Tolimir.
8 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
9 I apologise to Mr. Vanderpuye. I don't want to ask the witness
10 anything at all about this intercept. I just asked the Prosecutor, given
11 the fact that he is tendering documents about two locations, one of which
12 was 8 kilometres away, and the other was Kasaba. Did he do this on
13 purpose, or does one conversation stem from another?
14 This is what I wanted to ask the Prosecutor, not the Prosecution
16 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Mr. Prosecutor, perhaps we could
17 have more information on the part of the witness, because I believe that
18 he took part in this conversation.
19 MR. VANDERPUYE: That's correct, Mr. President. And that's
20 exactly where I'm going with this document. But it takes a little time
21 to get there. I can't do it instantly in one question. And that's the
22 reason why I've asked the questions in the order and in the sequence that
23 I have. If I can proceed, maybe we can clarify this as we go.
24 Q. Sir, you see here a reference to 500. This is immediately after
25 Beara gets you on the line. He says:
1 "Hi, Zoka."
2 And then it says:
3 "What's new?"
4 And you say:
5 "Well easy, there are about 500."
6 You see that in the intercept? Should be about midway through.
7 A. I can see it.
8 Q. And then I asked you about this reference here to one group got
9 through during the night. First let me ask you, at about 10.00 in the
10 morning, what was the estimate that you got from the people that you sent
11 out earlier that day as to how many people were in the vicinity in the
12 hills that were coming down to surrender? You said you sent three people
13 out and they brought back prisoners, and they told you that they were a
14 large group of soldiers, I believe you said, in the hills.
15 How many did they tell you were there, around that time?
16 A. I'd like to correct something you said. You said I sent out
17 three soldiers, and yesterday I said I had sent a group of five soldiers,
18 if I remember correctly, who came back with three prisoners.
19 It was around 6.30 or 7.00, although I can't recall exactly when
20 I sent the group out and at what time the prisoners were brought in; that
21 is to say, the first three prisoners brought to the barracks. The
22 assessment of the first group I sent to reconnoitre was that there were
23 many, as many as several hundred along that route. They saw them
24 crossing the road between Konjevic Polje and Nova Kasaba.
25 Q. So what you see here are 500, is that inconsistent with what you
1 were told by the five -- or one of the five soldiers that you sent out
2 earlier that morning?
3 A. It is not inconsistent with it. They said there were several
4 hundred. If this conversation took place at 10.15, as recorded here,
5 this entails a different situation. It's a different time in relation to
6 the time I received this original piece of information. If that group at
7 6.30 or 7.00 in the morning on the 13th said that there were several
8 hundred, then the time we are discussing, at 10.15, is already a
9 different time and the number of people may well have changed in that
11 Those were all assessments. It was impossible, due to the
12 terrain they were in, to see how many exactly there were. It was also
13 because of the direction from which the forces of the 28th Division came.
14 It was for that reason that we -- we could not assess how many forces
15 they had at their disposal during their breakthrough to Cerska.
16 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] One moment, Mr. Prosecutor.
17 Registrar, I believe that the document we have on the screen
18 should not be broadcast. Is that right?
19 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, that correct. This document is
20 confidential and should not be broadcast. Aside from that, it can be
21 discussed in the courtroom. Thank you.
22 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Very well. So this document may
23 be displayed on the screen inside the courtroom but not broadcast. Thank
25 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you, Mr. President.
1 Let's go to the next page in the English, please. And I think we
2 will have to go to the next page in the B/C/S also.
3 Q. You see at the top of the page in the English:
4 "They're close to 200."
5 And that immediately follows a remark about Konjevic Polje.
6 Beara says:
8 And then he says:
9 "About 200, right, got through?"
10 And you say:
11 "Yes, yes. And it's like, like they're in groups of five to six
12 or four."
13 And he says:
14 "Uh-huh, okay."
15 Do you see that, first of all, in the intercept?
16 A. Yes.
17 Q. And does it comport with your memory, your recollection of the
19 A. Could I be allowed to read the part before and immediately after
20 this so as to have the entire context and to be able to provide a more
21 precise answer?
22 Q. Let's do that then. We'll go to the previous page in the
23 English. And I think we'll probably be on the same page in the B/C/S.
24 But you can see this conversation unfolds after there's a
25 reference to the group that goes through during the night.
1 Beara says:
3 And then it says -- there's an unclear part where you say:
4 "Forces to come, so we could resolve this problem ..."
5 He says:
6 "Yes, yes."
7 And then there's some colloquy that's unheard.
8 And you say:
9 "... they're killing ..."
10 And he says:
11 "Well excellent. Just let them continue ..."
12 You say:
13 "That's it. That's the situation ..."
14 And then it says:
15 "Bye ..."
16 He says:
18 And you say:
19 "Konjevic Polje."
20 And then it continues, as I've just mentioned, about the 200
21 getting through in groups of five, six, and four, that we see on the next
23 Does that help put things in context for you?
24 A. Perhaps we should continue.
25 It says:
1 "Well, I am going to tell those in Zvornik."
2 I suppose it meant that, to my left, I had set up a blockade line
3 with the forces I had available, but it did not close the gap. And there
4 was still an area that was not covered to my left, if I faced the enemy;
5 that is to say, between Nova Kasaba and Konjevic Polje. That area was
6 not cut off. And it was because of that that such groups could freely
7 get through. That is how I understand this part of the conversation.
8 I apologise. When you were reading a moment ago, when you
9 mentioned what I said, not killing but killing themselves, and there are
10 many wounded. And then Beara asked me, What? They're killing each
11 other? And I didn't receive that part of the intercept, at least not in
12 my language.
13 Q. Okay. Let me show you another intercept.
14 MR. VANDERPUYE: That's P2205.
15 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] General Tolimir.
16 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
17 I apologise. While we still have this intercept on the screen,
18 Mr. Vanderpuye should clear something up. Now we have a third situation
19 in one conversation. First, it was Konjevic Polje, then Nova Kasaba, and
20 now it seems we have a third person participating. So is this a
21 compilation of three conversations or are these the same collocutors all
22 the way through?
23 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Yes, Mr. Prosecutor, I believe
24 this is an important clarification.
25 MR. VANDERPUYE: Yes, Mr. President.
1 At the beginning of the intercept we can see clearly that the
2 collocutors are Beara and Captain Lucic. They're denoted and L and B,
4 In the middle of the conversation, Beara asked to speak to Zoka.
5 Zoka is the nickname for Zoran Malinic, the commander of the military
6 police battalion of the 65th Protection Regiment. And what I've just
7 gotten through asking the witness about is the conversation, and you'll
8 see that that is denoted as Z -- this part of the conversation, the
9 collocutors are denoted as Z and B, respectively, Zoka and Beara, and
10 you'll see that from the end of the intercept. So I think the
11 collocutors are quite clearly denoted in the intercept. The transition
12 point is very clear because Beara says:
13 "Let me talk to him."
14 And then it says:
16 And it's on the second page in the -- in the English, and then
17 Zoka gets on the line. And he says:
18 "Hi, Zoka."
19 So it is very clear that the collocutors have changed at that
20 point and then we have this whole conversation about 500, 200 that have
21 gotten through, some that have gotten through that night and the fact
22 that some of them are killing each other and that Beara says:
23 "Excellent, let them continue."
24 So I think it's very clear and the intercept speaks for itself.
25 I should add also that the intercept is in evidence and that the
1 person who took the intercept offered evidence before this -- before this
2 Tribunal, before this Court. And if there was any question about the
3 sequence, the collocutors, the context of the intercept, I'm certain that
4 General Tolimir would have addressed those issues in the
5 cross-examination of that witness.
6 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] I believe you are satisfied with
7 the Prosecutor's answer, General Tolimir?
8 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
9 It does not satisfied me, because I did not receive an
10 explanation who the participants in this part of the conversation are,
11 when they say that they were killing each other. Is this the same
12 conversation also recorded at 10.00, or subsequently?
13 In any case, I don't want to affect the further course of the
14 Prosecutor's examination.
15 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] That's precisely what I was about
16 to say. If you so wish, you can address this again during your
18 Mr. Prosecutor, I have a question for you. Regarding page 8 of
19 the transcript. I noticed that the witness said, on line 11 through 14,
20 on page 8 of the transcript that in his language, the intercept states
21 that Colonel Beara purportedly said, Let them kill each other and kill
23 There is a difference between the text in B/C/S and the text in
24 English. Can we ask the witness to read this out so that we have a
25 translation of it.
1 MR. VANDERPUYE: Yes, Mr. President. Let me see if I can find
2 the exact point in the B/C/S.
3 It should be on page 2 of the B/C/S, and it's just above where it
4 says Konjevic Polje, which is about, looks to me about 12 or 13 lines
5 down. And we can start probably around line -- line 2 where it says,
6 "Yes, yes" in the intercept.
7 Q. If can you read that out, Mr. Malinic, perhaps that will --
8 A. Yes, certainly.
10 "Yes, yes."
11 Then Zoka or Zoran:
12 "Because I can't."
13 Then Beara:
14 "Well, yes. It's a clear thing."
15 When we have three dots, these are probably parts that were
16 inaudible or that were not recorded, so not the entire context is in the
18 Then Zoka:
19 "Because here and then ... they are killing themselves. There
20 are many wounded."
21 And then Beara:
22 "What? They're killing each other?
23 Then no answer by Zoka, or, rather, there are three dots,
24 probably not recorded.
25 And then Beara says:
1 "Uh-huh," which means I must have explained something.
2 And then Zoka says:
3 "Killing," with three dots before and after.
4 Then Beara:
5 "Excellent. Let them continue like that. Fuck it."
7 "That's it. That's how it is. That's what the situation is. I
8 am, then three dots."
10 "Bye then."
11 That's the part of the conversation.
12 Should I continue?
13 Zoran: No answer.
14 MR. VANDERPUYE: I don't -- is that satisfactory, Mr. President,
15 or ...
16 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Yes, that's fine, unless one of
17 the parties would like to add something to this.
18 Thank you, Mr. Vanderpuye.
19 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you, Mr. President.
20 What I'd like to show the witness is P2205.
21 And just for the Court's information, the previous exhibit that I
22 showed, P663, what I showed was P663B, there is also a P663A which is a
23 handwritten or notebook version of this intercept. And the passages that
24 the witness has just referred to are, in fact, reflected in the
25 transcript of the handwritten intercept. So we have two different
1 translations of two different documents reflecting exactly the same thing
2 but the translations are somewhat different.
3 Q. Here we have an intercept, sir, that's recorded at 10.15 at the
4 bottom of this page in English. And can you see here that it refers to
5 Major Malinic, the commander of the 65th Protection Motorised Regiment
6 Armoured Battalion, and it says that he and Colonel Pero Salapura, VRS
7 security service, are at the football field in Kasaba village. It says:
8 "18 kilometres to the north-west of Srebrenica where they are
9 receiving the arrested Muslims. There are around 500 prisoners there at
10 the moment. As for the weapons, around 30 machine-guns were confiscated.
11 General Mladic is currently in Bratunac."
12 Were you with -- first of all, do you know who Colonel Salapura
13 is, or was, back in July 1995?
14 A. I apologise. Before I answer your question, you said around ten
15 machine-guns but the B/C/S version says around 30 machine-guns.
16 Q. Thank you. I believe I said 30 and maybe the transcript doesn't
17 reflect that.
18 In any event, do you know who Colonel Salapura is or was back in
19 July 1995?
20 A. Colonel Salapura was at the command, or, rather, the Main Staff
21 of the VRS. And according to my knowledge, he was discharging the duty
22 of the security officer. He was the chief of security service, to be
23 more precise.
24 Q. Were you with him on 13 July 1995, as indicated here in the
1 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Mr. Gajic.
2 MR. GAJIC: [Interpretation] Mr. President, on page 13, line 6, it
3 says, "He was the chief of security service." I think that the witness
4 said "intelligence service."
5 [No interpretation]
6 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] That's what I heard in French
8 Let's ask the witness to clarify.
9 Witness, please, who was Colonel Salapura in July 1995?
10 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] According to the information I had,
11 Colonel Salapura was the chief of intelligence service at the VRS
12 Main Staff.
13 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] There we have it. Thank you.
14 The Prosecutor.
15 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you, Mr. President.
16 Q. Let me ask you again, Mr. Malinic. Were you with
17 Colonel Salapura, as is indicated here, on the football field at around
18 10.00 on 13 July 1995?
19 A. It's highly probable that Colonel Salapura was in the Nova Kasaba
20 sector. Whether he was at the barracks or at the football field, this is
21 something I cannot confirm with certainty. But I would pay -- point your
22 attention to this. I cannot talk with Colonel Beara at 10.15 from my
23 office, because I only had a telephone at my office at the school, and
24 be, at the same time, when I'm talking with Colonel Beara at the football
25 field, at 10.15 hours. It can be either one or the other. I could not
1 have been in two different places at one and the same time.
2 Q. Did you see Colonel Salapura in and around that area? You said
3 that the school was 300 metres away from the football field. That's not
4 a very large distance. Did you see Colonel Salapura around 10.00 on the
5 13th of July 1995? And when I say "around 10.00," I don't mean 10.02 or
6 10.05. I mean 10.00.
7 A. I'm sorry. It says here the 13th of July, 1995, at 1015, 924.
8 And on the basis of this document, I'm answering to your questions. I
9 apologise if I did something wrong. I said that there is high
10 probability that Colonel Salapura was at Kasaba. Whether he was at the
11 barracks or on the football field, that is something I cannot confirm
12 with 100 per cent certainty and say, Yes, he was for sure at 10.00 in
13 Kasaba or on the football field and that I met him and talked to him. It
14 is highly probable that in the course of the 13th of July, he was in the
15 Nova Kasaba sector. But at what time, I'm not sure I could say that with
16 100 per cent certainty, what the time was.
17 Q. Okay. I'd like to show you P105.
18 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Mr. Gajic.
19 MR. GAJIC: [Interpretation] Mr. President, I would just ask the
20 Prosecutor for an explanation. As Exhibit P2205 in the Serbian version
21 only contains one paragraph but in the English version, I have just
22 checked in e-court, it has much more text.
23 Could we just have an explanation for the record what this is
25 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Mr. Vanderpuye.
1 MR. VANDERPUYE: I don't know if Mr. Gajic is referring to the --
2 I think you're referring to the translation of the document that's in
3 evidence? I believe the reason for it is because this translation
4 applies to more than one intercept, and so you see the translation of
5 other intercepts in addition to the intercept that's in the B/C/S. And
6 the one that I'm drawing the witness's attention to, specifically, is the
7 one at 10.15, as he pointed out, which corresponds to the B/C/S
8 translation -- I mean the B/C/S transcript on the left side of the -- of
9 the screen.
10 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Yes, Mr. Gajic, that -- we are all
11 able to see this on the screen.
12 In the English, we see an intercept at five minutes past 9.00 and
13 another one at 10.15.
14 In B/C/S, on the left-hand side of the screen, we can also see
15 the conversation that took place at 10.15 and that is what we have been
16 focussing on.
17 What do you think of this?
18 MR. GAJIC: [Interpretation] Yes, Mr. President. I just wanted to
19 have this clarified for the record so that later on there wouldn't be any
20 problems during the use of this exhibit and when presenting final
21 arguments or for any other purpose.
22 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Fine, thank you. That's been
24 Mr. Vanderpuye.
25 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you, Mr. President.
1 I'd like to show the witness P105. Yeah, okay. And if I could
2 focus just in the middle of this map. We have to go down, please.
3 That's right where the circle is, and the arrow. Yes, please. If you
4 can blow that area up. And it will have to be a little bit bigger, right
5 there. And let's move the screen -- let's centre the arrow part of it a
6 little bit more. That's it. And we'll blow up that point where you are
7 right now, blow that up a little bit. Yeah. Okay. And if we could just
8 see the top part of the screen a little bit better. That's -- a little
9 bit more. Thank you.
10 Q. Do you recognise what you see in front of you now, Mr. Malinic?
11 And if you don't, that's okay. I have another map I can use.
12 A. No. I see that this shows the combat operations and the
13 breakthrough from encirclement. I can judge that by the position of the
14 blue arrow and the blue and red lines. It's an attempt of units to break
15 through but who this is, that's something I cannot clearly read what area
16 this is from the map because the place names are not legible.
17 Q. I will show you another map in just a moment. We have evidence
18 in this case, as you -- as you probably can guess, that this was the
19 direction that the column took out of Srebrenica.
20 What I'd like to do is show you 65 ter 1463 so that we can focus
21 on the left side of this screen where that arrow is a -- in a little more
22 detail, which I think would be helpful to orient us all to this -- to the
23 context of your testimony.
24 MR. VANDERPUYE: So if I could show the witness, please,
25 65 ter 1463, we'll find that same area.
1 If we could just focus now on the bottom right-hand corner where
2 the arrow is once again. A little bit bigger. All right.
3 Q. Let us know if we need to blow that up a little bit more. But,
4 Mr. Malinic, can you now orient yourself to the area that's depicted
6 A. This is sufficient. Excellent.
7 Q. At the top of the screen, you can see an area that's marked
8 Konjevic Polje. There's an intersection there.
9 A. Yes.
10 Q. And can you tell us what roads intersect there, to your
12 A. To the right, or to the east, the road leading from
13 Konjevic Polje leads in the direction of Bratunac. And the road which is
14 leading to the south from the intersection is the road which leads from
15 Konjevic Polje in the direction of Nova Kasaba and Milici. And the road
16 leading to the north from Konjevic Polje leads in the direction of
18 Q. I may have you mark this -- in fact, I'd like you to mark this
19 map. But can you indicate on here, if you can see first, where the
20 football pitch is, and where the school is. Are you able to see those
21 locations on this map? Or approximately, those locations.
22 A. I think so, yes.
23 Q. Then I'd like you to mark them, please. With the help of the
24 usher, we'll arrange for that to be done.
25 A. I would say that the football field is this.
1 Q. If you could mark that with number 1 for the football field next
2 to the circle you've drawn.
3 A. [Marks]
4 Q. And if you could mark the school with the number 2.
5 A. Perhaps a bit more to the south. Can we erase this or ... I went
6 a bit to the north from the school. Because I cannot really figure how
7 this pen works and whether I can erase it. Erase this one, too, please,
8 because we'll then see ... fine.
9 Q. All right. Let's try again.
10 A. This is the football field.
11 And number 2 is the school.
12 Q. Can you indicate with the number 3 where you dispatched these
13 five soldiers that came back with the three prisoners early in the
14 morning on the 13th, as you've previously described.
15 A. Before the stream, the direction of the breakthrough, and then,
16 later on, the biggest number of prisoners who were arrested, it was here,
17 on this axis and in this direction. From the woods, the stream is to the
18 right. This is the area where the first prisoners were captured and
19 where, during the day, the biggest number of soldiers of the
20 38th Division surrendered themselves.
21 Q. We have in the record "the 38th Division." Do you mean the
22 28th Division? That's number one.
23 A. Yes, the 28th, I apologise.
24 Q. The second is, could you indicate or mark the line that you've
25 drawn here showing the axis of where those soldiers were sent with number
1 3, so that we have it in the record.
2 A. The red line which I last drew shows the direction in which the
3 Muslim forces from the 28th Division were moving. There was a path that
4 was several metres wide because they probably went in a column, several
5 of them moving abreast, and this is the direction that they were moving
6 in, towards Radanj and further on in the direction of Cerska. And the
7 line of blockade, because you asked me where the group was sent, and to
8 show where the first three, or, rather, the first five were went, was
9 that you in mind?
10 Q. Yes. I just want you to mark the map with a number 3 where they
11 were sent.
12 A. They were sent to this line, which I just marked. They left the
13 barracks. Whether they went along the road, that's something I cannot
14 tell you. Or perhaps they went along the Jadar river which flows below
15 the school. From this point in time, I cannot say any more which road
16 they took to reach the place, where the units of the 28th Division were
17 crossing the road.
18 Q. Are you saying you're not able to mark it, or -- all I want you
19 to do is put number 3 on the map where it was that you told them to go.
20 That's all.
21 A. No, it was a misunderstanding, I'm sorry. I thought you wanted
22 me to mark the path along which they moved. This is why I said I'm not
23 sure whether they took the Jadar river valley or whether they took the
25 Q. Thank you for that. That's no problem.
1 MR. VANDERPUYE: Mr. President, I would like to tender this
2 marked exhibit.
3 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] The map as annotated by the
4 witness is admitted, Registrar.
5 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honours, the map marked by the witness under
6 65 ter document 1463 shall be assigned Exhibit P2275. Thank you.
7 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Thank you very much.
8 Mr. Vanderpuye.
9 MR. VANDERPUYE:
10 Q. Yesterday, you were asked a question by Presiding Judge earlier
11 in your testimony about the direction or what road it was that these --
12 that the column took. You said that they crossed a road. And the
13 Presiding Judge asked you what road they had crossed.
14 Can you tell us on this map which road you were referring to?
15 A. It was the road from Konjevic Polje to Nova Kasaba, which is
16 marked with a red line. Should I mark it in any way or ...
17 Q. Yes. That would be helpful, actually.
18 A. Now it's blown up.
19 Q. It will be helpful if you mark the area on the road that they
20 crossed. That would be, I think, more useful. So you don't have to mark
21 the whole road but just mark the spot or the area on the road that they
23 A. [Marks]
24 Q. If you could place a number 1 next to that, that would be helpful
25 as well.
1 A. [Marks]
2 Q. Thank you very much.
3 MR. VANDERPUYE: Mr. President, I'd like to tender this marked
4 exhibit as well.
5 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] This document is admitted.
6 Mr. Registrar.
7 THE REGISTRAR: Your Honour, 65 ter 1463 marked by the witness in
8 court for the second time shall be assigned Exhibit P2276. Thank you.
9 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Thank you very much.
10 Mr. Vanderpuye.
11 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you, Mr. President.
12 I'd like to show the witness P857 -- I'm sorry, P858.
13 Q. Do you recognise what we have on the screen in front of you now,
14 Mr. Malinic?
15 A. Yes. This is a shot of the stadium or, rather, the football in
16 Nova Kasaba.
17 Q. And in the middle of the field, can you tell us what that is?
18 A. In the middle of the field are the prisoners from the
19 28th Division.
20 Q. And what -- and that's a square shape, is it, that we can see in
21 the picture? Or a rectangle?
22 A. Yes, yes, it looks more like a rectangle than a square.
23 Q. And then we can see a long rectangle, almost a line, to the left
24 of that square, or those prisoners, in the photograph. Can you tell us
25 what that is?
1 A. As far as I can remember, these were the people from Milici and
2 the surrounding area who had come to see the soldiers who were now POWs.
3 Q. And is it your recollection that these people that came to see
4 the soldiers were lined up? Because they appear to be lined up in this
6 A. No, no one lined them up. They probably sat down like that
7 themselves so that they could see and possibly recognise some of the
8 persons who were among the prisoners. That is my assumption.
9 I know that there were quite a few of them. I'm not sure what
10 the number was, but there were many who had come to see who were the
11 imprisoned soldiers. Because many of them knew people from the area.
12 Perhaps they worked in the same places before the war, because the
13 majority of them worked at the mine in Milici.
14 Q. Do you exclude the possibility that the people that are lined up
15 in a long rectangle on the left that you believe are civilians or
16 bystanders from Milici? Is it possible that those are also prisoners?
17 Do you exclude that possibility?
18 A. I believe I would exclude that possibility. The prisoners were
19 brought to the pitch from the eastern side, looking at the map. I don't
20 see any logic in why they would be in -- lined up in this western part.
21 This is an possibility that these were people who were still
22 supposed to be registered and identified, since the location where they
23 were registered was -- I'm sorry, I touched the screen again. The place
24 where they were registered was among the trees. We can't see it here.
25 That's why I say that there is a possibility that this line of people may
1 also be prisoners.
2 Q. All right. Let me show you P857.
3 And here we have a slightly larger perspective of this area. And
4 what I want to focus you on, if I can, and perhaps have you mark it, is
5 the following: Were the prisoners, first of all, secured by your unit at
6 the football field?
7 A. Yes. My unit was in the area between the hill, just behind the
8 school, and down to the stream I marked on the first map, where the main
9 point of breakthrough of the division forces was. That was the area
10 secured by my soldiers.
11 Q. And in securing the football field, approximately where were your
12 men positioned, inside the pitch and along its perimeter? Can you give
13 us an indication of where they would have been, or, were, rather.
14 A. Since I had very few soldiers at my disposal, I used a minimum
15 number of them, which could still provide efficient security for the
16 unit. That security detail was on the side. Perhaps we can zoom in on
17 the left upper corner. Perhaps we could see where a white vehicle was.
18 Q. Are you able to see the vehicle that you were talking about on
19 this -- in this frame?
20 A. Yes.
21 Q. All right.
22 A. I see the vehicle. But I can't tell whether it's a BVP, that is
23 to say, a combat vehicle of the military police with a mounted
24 machine-gun. In any case, it was supposed to cover this area of the
25 field. It could engage any part of the field without putting any of my
1 soldiers in danger.
2 On the other hand, if we look at the road next to the woods,
3 there were also a few soldiers there who provided security. That is how
4 I used a minimum of forces to cover the entire field area.
5 Q. Let's mark this photo then.
6 MR. VANDERPUYE: Maybe we can zoom out a little bit so that we
7 can mark both areas.
8 Q. First, can you find the area where you had the BVP vehicle and
9 mark that with a number 1.
10 A. I am not sure that this is the combat vehicle, but, in any case,
11 it was located in this corner.
12 And the few soldiers I mentioned were in this area, just in front
13 of the prisoners.
14 Do you want me to mark that location with 2?
15 Q. That's correct. And those indicate these three dots.
16 How many soldiers did you have there, by the way?
17 A. It's deleted now?
18 Q. All right. We'll try it again, I think.
19 Okay. Thank you. How many soldiers did you have in the area
20 that you've marked number 2, if you could just tell us for the record?
21 A. At location number 2, I can't tell you precisely how many, but
22 three to five, at the most.
23 And next to the APC, there was a member of the crew who manned
24 the machine-gun, and probably the driver.
25 Q. Were there -- oh, there's one other thing I'd like you to do.
1 Could you mark the direction of Konjevic Polje with an arrow; the
2 direction of Milici with the other arrow. Of the road.
3 A. [Marks]
4 Q. And could you put the letter M for Milici; and K/P for
5 Konjevic Polje, please.
6 A. [Marks]
7 Q. Okay. Other than the men that you had in position number 2 and
8 position number 1, did you have any other men in the area securing the
9 football stadium, or the prisoners, from the other sides; that is, the
10 side where the stream is, or the river, to the north, or to the south.
11 A. I had those soldiers who were part of the blockade line, who were
12 facing the members of the division arriving from the hills. They were
13 deployed along the line that was there to prevent the breakthrough of the
14 28th Division forces.
15 Q. All right. Well, what I'm referring to specifically is the
16 stadium itself, or the pitch. You've indicated position 1 and 2, and I
17 want to know if there's any -- if there were any other soldiers in that
18 immediate vicinity securing the field itself and the prisoners inside it.
19 A. They were not part of the security, but in this corner, facing
20 Konjevic Polje, which is closer to the arrow marked with K/P, this is
21 where the medical station was set up to administer first aid, if needed.
22 It was manned by medical personnel, and, as such, they were not part of
23 the security detail that was there to guard the prisoners.
24 As for the part where I placed the number 2, marking the group of
25 soldiers, there was a table with one officer and one soldier who were
1 registering the prisoners. Every prisoner had to come up to the table
2 with his or her ID, and then they were included in the list of those
3 captured by the officer.
4 Now, whether there were any other soldiers next to the table
5 keeping order, that is something I can't say with any precision. I can't
6 say whether there was one or two or no one, primarily because we were
7 able to control the prisoners from the outside.
8 Q. If you could just mark the exhibit with the number 3 where you've
9 indicated the medical personnel were.
10 A. [Marks]
11 Q. Thank you.
12 MR. VANDERPUYE: Mr. President, I'd like to tender this marked
14 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Just a moment, please,
15 Mr. Vanderpuye.
16 Just before that, I would like to ask a clarification, a
18 Witness, on page 26 of the transcript, line 9, you said that
19 prisoners had IDs on them and they were showing them to an officer and a
20 soldier. Were you able to see that ID, or at least a few of these IDs?
21 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes, I was. I wasn't there
22 throughout the period at the stadium, but when I was, I could see the
23 following: Anyone who had any identity document or something that could
24 identify them, handed those over so that their particulars could be
25 entered in the list that was drawn up by the officer. Those who did not
1 have any documents on them simply stated their first and last name and
2 basic information, and a remark was made that they did not have any ID
3 and were thus not identified by documents.
4 In other words, not all those who were captured had such
5 documents which could confirm their identity.
6 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Thank you very much.
7 Now, based on those ID documents, was it possible to see if they
8 were civilians or soldiers?
9 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] It was impossible to see whether
10 someone was a civilian or a soldier based on an ID alone.
11 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Thank you very much.
12 Mr. Registrar, the Prosecutor requested to tender document -- the
13 document as marked by the witness. So it will be tendered.
14 [Trial Chamber and Registrar confer]
15 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Actually, very well, to be very
16 clear, Mr. Registrar, the document will be admitted.
17 THE REGISTRAR: 65 ter document -- apologies, Your Honours.
18 Exhibit P857, marked in court by the witness, shall be assigned
19 Exhibit P2277. Thank you.
20 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you. I think we still have it up on the
22 Q. And just before we go to the break, I wanted to ask you,
23 Mr. Malinic, to the bottom of the right of the screen, or the right
24 corner of the screen, I should say, we can see some vehicles down there
25 which appear to be buses. If we zoom out a little bit, we can see some
1 more on the road.
2 Does that comport with your recollection of the events on
3 13 July at around that time, around 2.00, 1400 hours?
4 A. I suppose those were the buses transporting civilians from
5 Srebrenica to Kladanj. I don't know if it happened at 2.00 exactly
6 because they were transporting them throughout the day. I don't know
7 what time of day it was exactly. We didn't pay much attention to it, as
8 we did not believe it was an important piece of information to have, to
9 know exactly at what time a bus passed by.
10 In any case, it is clear that there were civilians on board those
11 buses who were being transported from Srebrenica to Kladanj. They were
12 escorted by the officers and soldiers of UNPROFOR.
13 Q. All right.
14 MR. VANDERPUYE: Now is a good time to break, Mr. President. I
15 think it's the break time.
16 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Very well. Thank you,
17 Mr. Vanderpuye. Indeed, we shall take a break until 11.00.
18 The session is adjourned.
19 --- Recess taken at 10.31 a.m.
20 --- On resuming at 11.01 a.m.
21 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] The Court is back in session.
22 Mr. Vanderpuye, you have the floor.
23 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you very much, Mr. President.
24 Q. Mr. Malinic, just before we broke, you mentioned that there were
25 civilians on board the buses that we could see in the photograph. I
1 think that is P857. And that these buses were being escorted by officers
2 and soldiers of UNPROFOR.
3 You are aware, of course, that that wasn't continuous, those
4 escorts weren't continuous, throughout the 13th of July; right?
5 A. No, I wasn't aware of the fact that those escorts did not
6 continue throughout the 13th of July.
7 On the buses, passing by the stadium, I believe there were also
8 UNPROFOR officers and soldiers in each and every bus.
9 Q. All right. You remember being approached by a DutchBat officer
10 by the name of Egbers that day who reported to you that he and his
11 colleagues had been stopped along the road and divested of their
12 equipment, don't you?
13 A. Lieutenant Egbers arrived with three or four vehicles in the
14 battalion barracks, asking to see an officer to discusses some problems
15 he had encountered during that day.
16 Q. Mm-hm. And those problems related to equipment being taken from
17 UNPROFOR officers and their inability to escort the buses; right?
18 A. The equipment that was taken from them -- well, I can't recall
19 exactly what equipment it was. But he asked that we draw up a list of
20 all that equipment. We did that, and the copy of the list was given to
21 Lieutenant Egbers. The other copy remained in the MP battalion. I
22 promised to inform my superiors with -- or about the incident and that we
23 will do our utmost to have the equipment returned to them. That is why
24 Lieutenant Egbers was a given a copy of the list of equipment.
25 I can't recall what equipment specifically it was. I do
1 remember, though, that they arrived in three or four Mercedes vehicles in
2 the barracks, that they had their weapons with them, and that they bore
3 the insignia, the white insignia of the UN. He said that the equipment
4 that was taken away --
5 THE INTERPRETER: Interpreter's correction.
6 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I don't know whether the equipment
7 that was taken was taken from his group or the group that was at the
8 observation point.
9 In any case, if that document is still in existence, we could see
10 what equipment it was and if it in any way affected their ability to
11 escort the convoys with civilians.
12 MR. VANDERPUYE:
13 Q. How long did they stay at the barracks, Mr. Malinic?
14 A. Lieutenant Egbers stayed in the barracks with his soldiers two or
15 three days. During their stay, in addition to the list of equipment he
16 provided, he asked that I secure escort for him to Potocari, where the
17 UNPROFOR command was, or the command of his unit. During their stay in
18 the barracks, the weapons were kept by the UNPROFOR soldiers. They also
19 had communication means, probably by satellite. I know that because
20 during that period of time, Lieutenant Egbers was able to communicate
21 with his base in Split, according to the information he provided to me.
22 When he received an approval from his command, although I don't know if
23 it was the command in Split or the one in Potocari, that he may leave, he
25 Q. How did he leave, and his men, Mr. Malinic?
1 A. He and the group he headed went on board a military police APC.
2 They were taken as far as Potocari.
3 Q. And what happened to the Mercedes vehicles that they arrived in,
4 Mr. Malinic?
5 A. The Mercedes vehicles remained in the barracks.
6 Lieutenant Egbers received a certificate stating that the vehicles were
7 to stay in the barracks. The reason for that was their security. It was
8 his request that I should escort him with my soldiers to Potocari.
9 However, due to the fact that there was still combat, I was unable to
10 secure an escort for him who could guarantee safety to him and his
11 people, so as to prevent any harm coming to them en route to Potocari.
12 In the part where we were and further afield to Konjevic Polje,
13 which is to my left, there was combat. Under such circumstances, I could
14 not guarantee their safety. I could not guarantee that fire would not be
15 opened --
16 Q. I asked you what happened to the Mercedes. And I think you've
17 answered that. I'm running out of time so I'm going to try to be as
18 specific as I can with my questions, and it would be helpful if you could
19 be specific with your answers, too.
20 Were you aware that Egbers was stopped at gun point before he
21 came to your barracks?
22 A. No.
23 Q. Did you contact your superior, in relation to the complaints that
24 Egbers gave you?
25 A. Yes.
1 Q. Who did you contact?
2 A. I informed my superior at the command of the Protection Regiment,
3 and that was Lieutenant-Colonel Jovo Jazic. He probably relayed this
4 information to the Main Staff command and informed them that at the
5 barracks in Nova Kasaba there was a group of UNPROFOR members.
6 Q. Did Colonel Beara come in response to this?
7 A. As for issues relating the presence of Colonel Beara, there are
8 various views and opinions. According to what I remember, I'm not
9 100 per cent sure that Colonel Beara was present at the barracks, but it
10 is highly probable that he was; in particular, considering the situation
11 that the unit was in.
12 Q. Let me show you P526.
13 MR. VANDERPUYE: 526B.
14 [Trial Chamber and Registrar confer]
15 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] This document should not be
16 broadcast, please.
17 MR. VANDERPUYE:
18 Q. This is an intercept, sir, that's from the 13th of July, 1995.
19 You can see the time indicated here as 1445 hours and it's between two
20 individual who are not named. 1, and 2, they are designated
22 I'd like to show you, or, first, we can see just generally it
23 talks about the area of Konjevic Polje. We can see that at about the
24 fifth entry or sixth entry in the intercept itself. And it talks about
1 "The column is on both sides and those buses have stopped in
2 Zvornik. They can't pass."
3 And then we can see the conversation continues, and 1 described
5 "It is a madhouse. Some of them want to surrender, some won't."
6 And then:
7 "There is shooting among them and our guys are capturing them."
8 Does this fairly reflect your recollection of what was going on
9 in the area that you indicated on the map, in Konjevic Polje and
10 Nova Kasaba and so on, at about that time, on that date?
11 A. Yes, yes. It was crowded. There was a lot of combat, a lot of
12 shooting, many explosions; also members of the 28th Division who
13 surrendered themselves.
14 Q. Let's go to page 2 in the English, and the bottom of this page in
15 the B/C/S.
16 And we can see here an entry that refers to you. It says:
17 "This Malinic down there, he called Major Savcic. He says he
18 does not know how long this commotion here is going to last and it's not
19 possible to get through. And here ... up there, I have," and it appears
20 to be a radio set, "when they said two buses, then they also ordered four
22 With respect to the reference to you having called Major Savcic,
23 is that accurate? Does it reflect your recollection?
24 A. I don't know who Major Savic is. I do not know him or I cannot
25 recollect now who Major Savic would be. In the unit and at the commend
1 of the 65th Regiment, there was no Major Savic.
2 Q. Did you call Lieutenant-Colonel Savcic? Savcic, not Savic.
3 A. Yesterday during the examination, I said that I did not know
4 where Lieutenant-Colonel Savcic was, and I did not have his number. From
5 this point in time, I cannot recollect whether I called
6 Lieutenant-Colonel Savcic and talked to him at the time indicated here.
7 There is a possibility that we talked on the phone several times
8 during the day, but whether it was at this time, I cannot tell you with
9 any certainty.
10 Q. Okay. And let me just ask this one other question: As part of
11 the military police battalion, did you have a communications company, a
12 communications unit?
13 A. According to the establishment, there was a communications
14 detachment which was a part of the military police battalion.
15 Q. You said "according to the establishment." What I would like to
16 know is: In fact, was there one there, or one that was operating in the
17 area of Nova Kasaba, or communications personnel in the area of
18 Nova Kasaba, on 13th of July, 1995?
19 A. Yes. When I said that according to the establishment, we had a
20 communications squad. This squad was operational and it was part of the
21 military police battalion. In the Kasaba sector, we had a code, and we
22 also had a radio relay piece of equipment which was used for
23 communication with the command of the 65th Protection Motorised Regiment.
24 THE INTERPRETER: Interpreter's correction: The unit is a squad
25 rather than a detachment.
1 MR. VANDERPUYE:
2 Q. And in order to reach the command of the regiment or other units,
3 you would have gone through or used the communications squad that was
4 available to the battalion command; yes?
5 A. The communications squad had a primary task of taking care of the
6 radio relay piece of equipment which was outside of the school complex.
7 It was positioned on a hill above the school, and it had to meet certain
8 technical criteria. The place where it was had to have certain technical
9 characteristics so that communication could be established.
10 In the process of establishing communication with the command of
11 the 65th Protection Regiment, communications soldiers were not necessary.
12 You would simply dial the number on a telephone set and you would reach
13 the person you wanted to talk to at the regiment command.
14 Also, the squad, that is to say, one or two soldiers, were in
15 charge of the code. They were specially trained soldiers who had to meet
16 certain security criteria to be allowed to work on the code because that
17 was a key that they were handling.
18 Q. Thank you. Let me show you P125. Oh, wait a minute. Let me
19 show you P411. B. P441B.
20 THE REGISTRAR: This is a confidential exhibit and should not be
21 broadcast. Thank you.
22 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Sir, this should not be broadcast.
23 MR. VANDERPUYE: 411B, please.
24 Q. This is another intercept which I'm sure you've seen before.
25 It's timed at 1405 hours. And it's 13 July 1995 also.
1 And it refers to the football pitch. And then it says:
2 "Brother, don't take anyone. I'll send you an urgent telegram
3 now. Don't take anyone" --
4 A. I'm sorry, but I can't see that. I don't have that.
5 Q. Okay. I think we've got it now and it starts at the bottom of
6 the page.
7 Do you see it now? It's at the very bottom of the screen and
8 you'll see the frequency of 254.300, and then it says "pravac ji
10 Can you see it now, Mr. Malinic?
11 A. Yes, yes.
12 Q. And this intercept, you can see, is timed at 1405 hours between X
13 and Y; they're unknown.
14 And X says:
15 "Where is that?"
16 Y says:
17 "Here at the football pitch."
18 And X says:
19 "Is it visible?"
20 Y says:
21 "It is."
22 X says:
23 "Brother, don't take anyone. I'll send you an urgent telegram
24 now. Don't take anyone."
25 And it says:
1 "Put out of sight. Maybe."
2 And then it says:
3 "I'll end you the telegram now and explain it to you."
4 Y says:
5 "Go ahead."
6 And X says:
7 "Secure it well and you'll get it now in the telegram."
8 First of all, do you know what this is about?
9 A. No. This telegram, or, rather, this conversation, is something
10 that is presented to me for the first time now.
11 Q. You sure about that?
12 A. Yes.
13 Q. All right. When you were interviewed back in December of 2005, I
14 believe you were shown this particular telegram. And it's on page 16 of
15 the English. If you want, I will put the B/C/S up for you.
16 But let me just read what it says. It says in the question:
17 "Okay. Now it's very clear that the two people speaking on this
18 intercept are talking about the soccer field, and one person is saying,
19 'Do not accept any more. I'll send you a telegram and explain.' And
20 shortly after this, we know that the telegram was sent, in fact, I have
21 the original with me. But before we get on to that, do you recall this
22 conversation? Did you take part in it?"
23 And your answer was:
24 "I really can't tell you anything about it."
25 Do you remember that?
1 A. No.
2 Q. All right. For the record, it's transcript page 16, line 18 --
3 rather, line 12 through 17 in the -- 12 through 18, I'm sorry, in the
4 English; and page 14, line 31, through page 15, line 32 in the B/C/S. I
5 can put it up on the screen. But I don't think it's necessary at this
7 Let me show you P125.
8 This is a document, Mr. Malinic, that I'm quite sure that you've
9 seen before. You can see this one is timed at 1400 hours, which is close
10 in time --
11 A. Yes, this one, yes.
12 Q. Which is close in time to the intercept I just showed you. And
13 it states -- well, first of all, the title says it is IKM forward command
14 post of the 65th Motorised Protection Regiment at Borike. And it says
15 that it is to the commander of the Main Staff, to the assistant commander
16 for morale, religious, legal affairs of the Main Staff, and to the
17 commander of the military police battalion of the
18 65th Protection Regiment.
19 That would be you, yes? At least by title.
20 And it is entitled: "Procedure for treatment of prisoner of war"
21 and recounts that there are over a thousand members of the -- former
22 28th Division of the so-called BH Army captured in the area of Dusanovo
23 and then it says "(Kasaba)." Is that the area in which your units were
24 situated on 13 July 1995?
25 A. Yes.
1 Q. And you can see here at the very bottom of the screen, it says,
2 "Delivered, 1510 hours, 13 July 1995." And type-signed by
3 Commander Lieutenant-Colonel Milomir Savcic.
4 Were you shown this document before?
5 A. Yes, I was shown this document.
6 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] General Tolimir.
7 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
8 I would ask Mr. Vanderpuye to say where the signature of
9 Mr. Savcic can you found on this document, because he said that there was
10 a facsimile of the signature. I don't see it and I wish to see it. So
11 can that be noted, please?
12 MR. VANDERPUYE: Yes, this appears to be a translation issue.
13 What I said was it is typed-signed. It is a typewritten name of
14 "pukovnik," Lieutenant-Colonel Milomir Savcic. It says Komandant, on top
15 of it, and I think you can probably see it on the screen in front of you.
16 That's what I referred to when I said "type-signed."
17 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] It is quite clear that the
18 document was typed.
19 MR. VANDERPUYE: It is, however, signed on the left-hand side of
20 the document, and I believe the Trial Chamber has received the evidence
21 concerning the signature of the individual who -- well, of that
22 individual and the circumstances relating to that.
23 Q. Mr. Malinic, can you tell us about this document?
24 A. Can we just zoom in a little bit more so that I can read it once
25 again, if that's all right.
1 I have read it. I can say the following about this document: I
2 can see that it was addressed to the commander of the Main Staff of the
3 Republika Srpska army for his information, then to the assistant
4 commander for morale, religious, and legal affairs of the Main Staff of
5 VRS for his information, and the commander of the military police
6 battalion, "order."
7 So this document is an order for me. It says at the beginning
8 that there are more than 1.000 prisoners, members of the 28th Division.
9 Assistant commander for security and intelligence affairs of the
10 Main Staff of the VRS proposes the following measures.
11 I think that if you look at one and the other structure, it
12 cannot be an order, and the assistant commander for security and
13 intelligence affairs of the Main Staff proposes the following measures.
14 If it's an order, it just states what needs to be done.
15 In my opinion, the assistant commander for security and
16 intelligence affairs of the Main Staff of the VRS can propose measures to
17 the Main Staff commander, rather than to Lieutenant-Colonel
18 Milomir Savcic. Primarily because the assistant commander can give
19 advice and can say what he would do, but in a document which is entitled
20 as an order, he cannot say that the assistant commander for security and
21 intelligence proposes the following measures.
22 I cannot see from this whether this is an order for me to do that
23 or if it's a proposal. If I look at it as a superior officer, if we then
24 have a look at the categories: "Prohibit access to all unauthorised
25 individuals filming and photographing of prisoners."
1 I could do that.
2 Number 2:
3 "Prohibit traffic for all United Nations vehicles en route
4 Zvornik, Vlasenica until further notice. Re-route them via Zvornik,
5 Sekovici, Vlasenica and back."
6 I could not do that. Because if Lieutenant-Colonel Savcic sent
7 this telegram, he knew where I was and that I could not close down this
8 road because Zvornik is mentioned here. So with a part of my unit, I was
9 supposed to be stationed in Zvornik in order to be able to carry out this
11 Number 3:
12 "Commander of the military police battalion shall take measures
13 to remove war prisoners from the main Milici-Zvornik road. Place them
14 somewhere indoors or in an area protected from observation from the
15 ground or the air."
16 If this is an order that I received, then, as a subordinate
17 officer, I would have to act in accordance with the order.
18 All prisoners who were at the stadium at 1400 hours remained
19 there until their departure; that is to say, until the arrival of
20 vehicles and their transport.
21 If I had received this order and had not carried it out, then a
22 criminal report should have been filed against me because I had not
23 carried out the orders of my superior.
24 And, finally, the commander --
25 THE INTERPRETER: Can the witness please slow down when reading.
1 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Once the commander --
2 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Witness, could you talk a little
3 bit slowly, please, so that the interpreters could interpret precisely
4 what you are saying and that this can be recorded in the transcript.
5 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I apologise. Do I need to repeat?
6 MR. VANDERPUYE:
7 Q. I don't think so. I think we've gotten what you've said so far.
8 But you just need to slow down so that the interpreters can have a chance
9 to interpret what you say to those of us who don't speak your language.
10 Let me ask you this question, Mr. Malinic: You're saying that if
11 you had received this order, then you would -- you did not discharge it.
12 Is that the gist of it?
13 A. No. I say that if I had received it, I would have had to carry
14 it out, or else my superior would have filed a criminal report against
15 me, asking why I had not carried out the order.
16 As I explained that the prisoners had remained at the football
17 field until their arrival of buses and their transport, I either did not
18 act in accordance with this order or never received this telegram.
19 I am an officer who esteems and honours my superiors. At least I
20 was like that. I carried out orders. It is impossible that I received
21 this telegram and did not carry out the order.
22 Q. Are you saying that the order is not legitimate?
23 A. I am not saying that the order is not legitimate. I read it from
24 the beginning, and it is my conclusion that either things were not done
25 properly or the document was not drafted properly, but it was not in
1 keeping with standard practice of publishing or issuing orders.
2 If you look at the format of the telegram itself, any educated
3 officer who has ever issued a single order would tell you that an order
4 may not look like this and not in this form. That's what I'm trying to
6 I won't discuss whether the signature of the commander is there
7 or not. You can all see that it is not there. I will not try to dispute
8 that fact.
9 There's another thing. The fourth point which I did not complete
10 where it says that the battalion commander, upon receiving this order,
11 will get in touch with General Miletic and acquire additional
12 explanations and seek verification of whether what was proposed by the
13 commander of the Main Staff was correct.
14 In other words, this order should have been approved by the
15 commander of the Main Staff. It turns out that this document did not
16 have the force of an order until it was approved. In other words, these
17 were just proposed measures. In an order for implementation needs to be
18 approved by the commander of the VRS Main Staff.
19 Q. Did you contact General Miletic?
20 A. In all likelihood, during the 13th, I did speak to
21 General Miletic. It seems he was the only general in the Main Staff
22 command post. And the other officers from the Main Staff Command,
23 starting with the commander, as well as the Chief of Staff, were outside
24 the area of the command post. They were somewhere in the field.
25 We probably spoke. If you're trying to ask me whether we
1 discussed this or something else, such as General Miletic inquiring about
2 the situation in Nova Kasaba, then I'd say that there's a high
3 probability that we did talk. I don't know, though, why I, as the MP
4 battalion commander, would need to get in touch with General Miletic by
5 communication means when, at the command post of the
6 65th Protection Regiment, was -- that command post was 2- to 300 metres
7 from the command post of the Main Staff, and Jovo Jazic was there, who
8 was the Chief of Staff of the 65th Protection Regiment.
9 Q. All right, Mr. Malinic. I don't want to belabour the point, and
10 I guess I should put this up.
11 It is 65 ter 2781, which is your statement. And we'll have to go
12 to page 19 in the English and page 18, I believe, in the B/C/S.
13 While that's coming up, do you recall being asked about whether
14 you thought this particular document, that is, P125, was legitimate or
16 Do you remember being asked that?
17 A. You mean in 2005, when I provided the statement in the office?
18 Then, yes, I think so.
19 Q. At line 21 through 28 in the English, and 18 through 26, I
20 believe, in the B/C/S, you were asked, first, does this, the document, in
22 "Does it look legitimate, authentic to you?"
23 That was the question.
24 And your answer is:
25 "If it was sent by the forward command post, I don't know why it
1 would be in any other archive," because the investigator told you it was
2 recovered from the Drina Corps archive. "If it is an original, I say it
3 again, it has to be signed. It has to be a stamp on the copy that
4 arrives through code. There is no stamp and signature on that copy. On
5 the original, it has to be signed and stamped. Every order has to
6 contain information as to who drafted it, who typed it. It we do this by
7 initials. On this document, I don't see it, so I can't tell you what the
8 status of this document is. One can conclude for what I have [sic] just
9 said, no, it's not."
10 Meaning, no, it's not legitimate or authentic. Is that what
11 you're saying here today, or are you saying something different?
12 A. Today, I analysed the document in all its parts. I believe we
13 came to the conclusion that it is not an order but, actually, a proposal
14 that needed to be approved by the commander of the Main Staff. I read it
15 carefully today. I don't know how much attention I paid to those details
16 when I provided my statement to the ICTY office in Belgrade. At that
17 time, I probably focussed more on the elements necessary for a document
18 to be an order. I tried to approach it from this technical standpoint,
19 and, now, I focussed on that part of the order which includes the
20 addressee and whether it was a full-fledged order or a proposal.
21 There's another thing I stressed, which is it should be in the
22 archives of the regiment and not in the archives of the Drina Corps,
23 because it is not stated anywhere that this message or this document was
24 to be sent to the command of the Drina Corps. So one needs to ask one's
25 self how this would ended up in a place where it was not to be sent in
1 the first place. I, as an officer, do not understand that. Maybe
2 somebody picked it up from a unit, and we can see that it was addressed
3 to the commander of the Main Staff, assistant commander for morale and
4 religious affairs, and to the MP battalion commander of the
5 65th Protection Motorised Regiment. If there were four addressees on the
6 list and yet it surfaced at a fifth location, then we have a problem: Is
7 this a valid document or not?
8 That is why I raised that issue in 2005, in all likelihood.
9 Q. In fact, in 2005, you discussed a number of the provisions in the
10 document, of the items that are listed 1 through 4, didn't you?
11 A. Sorry, could you repeat your question?
12 Q. In the item -- in the exhibit, rather, there are a number of
13 items that are listed. You went through a couple of them just a few
14 moments ago; items 1 through 4. You discussed those during the course of
15 your interview as well, in 2005; correct?
16 A. That is possible. It is possible that I discussed the points in
17 2005. I didn't look at the whole text. You directed me to the part
18 where I discussed the technical characteristics. I didn't look into what
19 I said then, if I talked about the various items of the order at that
21 Q. All right. You did read your statement before you started
22 testifying here; yes?
23 A. Yes, I did. I read it in your office on Tuesday.
24 Q. Did you ever discuss this document with Milomir Savcic? That is,
25 either before your interview or after your interview.
1 A. In the past ten years, I seldom met Lieutenant-Colonel Savcic. I
2 don't know if we discussed this. Actually, I cannot see -- say with
3 100 per cent certainty whether we discussed this document or not. I
4 can't be certain either way.
5 Q. All right. Now, you mentioned in the last ten years. Let me ask
6 you maybe this way: In the last ten years, had you discussed this
7 document with Mr. Savcic, what would be the reason for that? Why would
8 you have discussed this document with Mr. Savcic?
9 A. It's a hypothetical question. Why would I discuss it? And my
10 answer is hypothetical. I don't know if I did or did not. If I did,
11 hypothetically if I did, it was probably because something surrounding
12 this document was discussed during his interview with the Prosecution.
13 Now whether I was able to assist in any way in this, that is
14 something I don't know. I don't see any reason or the sense of this
15 order. I don't know why it is so important. Maybe my perception is too
16 narrow, but I don't see anything in this order that would be wrong. In
17 this proposal/order, I don't see anything that has to do with the time
18 and area of combat operations that be would wrong. All armed forces in
19 the world work the same way.
20 There was one illogical thing which struck me at the time, and
21 that was that the road in the area of combat operations not be cut off or
22 have it sealed. It was illogical to have people recording videotaping
23 POWs --
24 Q. I just asked you whether or not you discussed it with Mr. Savcic.
25 If your answer is you don't remember, you might have, could have, or
1 would have, that's all I want to know.
2 Are you saying that you don't recall discussing this document
3 with Mr. Savcic in the last, say, ten years?
4 A. I said already that I don't remember discussing this document
5 with Colonel Savcic in the past ten years.
6 Q. Let me ask you this: You indicated on -- just a moment.
7 When I showed you P857 - I believe that was the aerial image of
8 Nova Kasaba football field with prisoners on it - you indicated that a
9 column of individuals that we can see on that photograph might have been
10 lined up to provide identification. Did you make lists of these
11 prisoners that were in the custody of your unit on the football field at
12 that time, on the 13th of July, 1995?
13 A. Yes. A list was drawn up. Perhaps not of all the prisoners, but
14 at least 90 per cent or 95 per cent of them. There was a list of those
15 who were captured and placed in the field.
16 Q. And why wasn't that list completed?
17 A. I'm not certain whether the percentage was 90, or 100, or 98. If
18 there is a possibility that the list is incomplete, one reason for it
19 could be that the buses used to transport those captured soldiers arrived
20 before the prisoner list was completed. I mentioned that as a
21 possibility, not as my knowledge or 100 per cent truth. Maybe all of the
22 prisoners were listed, although I'm not sure.
23 That would be my answer.
24 Q. Did you -- yes, Mr. President.
25 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Mr. Prosecutor, as it is midday
1 now, past midday, you have used up almost three hours and 45 minutes, if
2 I'm not mistaken. Maybe Mr. -- the Registrar might have more precise
3 information. I do not want to put you under pressure, but I believe that
4 it is time for you to complete your examination-in-chief because you
5 required three hours. So please finish earlier.
6 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you, Mr. President. I'm doing my best,
7 and I'm trying to ask very specific, directed questions, and I'm hoping
8 to persuade the witness to give me very specific and directed answers,
9 and I think that may help to speed things up.
10 I have, essentially, two areas that I'd like to cover with this
11 witness, and I'm hoping that they will be brief.
12 Q. Sir, you mentioned that you had been involved in making list of
13 these prisoners. You said 90 per cent, and then you said that it could
14 be 100 per cent and you're not sure. Do you have any recollection of the
15 process of listing the prisoners being interrupted at any point?
16 A. The process, or the order, I didn't personally participate in the
17 listing of prisoners, but I did order that all prisoners should be
18 listed. The rules of service of the military police regulates that all
19 those brought into custody need to be identified by best means available.
20 By the same token, my order was in keeping with the rules of the military
21 police, which is that all prisoners should be listed.
22 Now, whether the process of listing those prisoners was
23 completed -- well, it began a few hours following the capture of the
24 first group, and it went on until the soldiers were put on the buses; the
25 prisoners, that is. I cannot say with any certainty whether they were
1 all listed because their bringing in was not completed by 6.00 p.m.
2 In between 6.00 p.m. and the time the prisoners boarded the
3 buses, there may still have been some of them coming in. In other words,
4 the process was not completed at a certain point in time. The process of
5 capturing soldiers lasted up to the moment when they -- they began
6 boarding the buses. I don't know whether they were all listed. I don't
7 even know whether the process was interrupted at any point.
8 Q. Thank you, Mr. Malinic.
9 A. I cannot say with any certainty.
10 Q. That's all I want to know. If you know it's interrupted, can you
11 tell us, and if you don't know, you can tell us that, too.
12 I think it will save some time if you can respond directly to my
14 Did you tell Colonel Keserovic -- you want to say something?
15 A. Yes. We could say that the process was interrupted when the
16 commander of the Main Staff arrived in the area of the football field and
17 when the commander of the Main Staff, General Ratko Mladic, addressed the
18 prisoners. Prior to his arrival, I was not at the stadium, at the field.
19 When General Mladic arrived, I was informed by way of radio that he had
20 arrived and I went there. I arrived a few minutes later.
21 Now whether the process was interrupted, yes, during the time he
22 was addressing the prisoners who were in the field at Nova Kasaba.
23 Q. Did you tell General, or, rather, Colonel Keserovic - then - on
24 or around the 16th or 17th of July that the process was interrupted when
25 General Mladic said that there was no need to make lists because the
1 prisoners would be going home?
2 A. I don't remember having said that to General Keserovic.
3 Q. Are you saying you don't remember specifically saying that to
4 General Keserovic, or you don't remember what you said to
5 General Keserovic?
6 A. I don't remember what I said to General Keserovic, because it was
7 16 years ago, and I don't remember how the conversation went. I only
8 know that General Keserovic came with the task of unifying the activities
9 of those units in the area of Kasaba, Konjevic Polje, Bratunac in order
10 to have a search of terrain conducted. He came there with an intention
11 to unify the -- unify or co-ordinate the activities of those units who
12 were in that part of the theatre.
13 Q. Were your units among those involved in the action, which
14 General Keserovic came to, as you say, unify? The activities that you
15 referred to just a moment ago.
16 A. The combat operation of terrain search is one of the most complex
17 ones. My unit was along the same blockade line that had been set up on
18 the 13th of July, 1995. Its task was to remain there until the search of
19 terrain was completed. The principal forces used to search the terrain
20 had to include the Bratunac Brigade and perhaps some other unit, but I
21 don't know.
22 The terrain search, in my view and my conclusion which is what I
23 informed the superior command, was that it was not completed. It was
24 simply stated that the terrain search was completed after a certain
25 period of time, but I don't know whether it was one, two, or three days
2 As for General Keserovic's stay in the area of my battalion, as
3 far as I recall, was a very short one. I think he spent most of his time
4 focussing on the Bratunac Brigade, which was supposed to carry out the
5 search; while the other units involved were deployed along the blockade
7 Q. And yours was one of those units; is that right?
8 A. My unit was part of the blockade line, at the same location at
9 which it had been since the 13th of July, 1995. No other special task
10 was received by us, in terms of the terrain search. We remained where we
11 were. In military parlance, there were those units who were part of the
12 blockade and those units searching the terrain. As far as I know, that
13 unit was supposed to have been the Bratunac Brigade. I don't know
14 whether any other units participated in it.
15 General Keserovic, who, at the time was a lieutenant-colonel, was
16 supposed to co-ordinate the work of all those units that were in the
17 field at that time; that is to say, starting with the blockade line and
18 up to the units executing the search.
19 Q. Mr. Malinic, do you know whether prisoners were captured as a
20 result of those -- or that search of the terrain?
21 A. Whether anyone was captured during the search of the terrain,
22 because, as far as I know, this was taking place from the 16th or the
23 17th until about the 20th, because in such an extensive area it cannot be
24 completed in just one day.
25 I don't know whether anyone was taken prisoner during the search
1 of the terrain. I noted that it is my opinion that the search of the
2 terrain was not even carried out as it should be done. The units which
3 were doing the search of the terrain were supposed to come and link up
4 with units which were engaged on the blockade. When that is done, then
5 such a search of the terrain is completed.
6 However, as this link-up of the units which were in charge of
7 searching the terrain did not link up with units who were in charge of
8 the blockade, and I primarily mean my own unit when I say that, my
9 personal opinion is that the search of the terrain was never completely
10 done. Whether anyone was taken prisoner during the process or not, this
11 is something I couldn't tell you.
12 Q. Well, that's my question.
13 A. I tell you, I do not know.
14 Q. Let me just ask you a question and try to answer the question.
15 Don't save it for last. Try to answer it first.
16 Are you aware of the fact that this Trial Chamber has evidence
17 before it that as many as 200 prisoners were captured, and some
18 children were captured, during the sweep of this terrain?
19 A. No.
20 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Mr. Tolimir.
21 THE ACCUSED: [Microphone not activated]
22 THE INTERPRETER: Microphone, please.
23 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
24 The witness already answered that he does not know this. I would
25 ask Mr. Vanderpuye not to ask questions that are leading the witness
1 which include something that he knows but just ask them in such a way
2 that the witness should only state what he knows or does not know. Thank
4 MR. VANDERPUYE:
5 Q. Have you heard that as many as 200 prisoners were captured,
6 including some children during the course of the sweep of the terrain?
7 Have you heard that before coming here to testify today?
8 A. No. This is the first time I hear that during the search of the
9 terrain anyone was taken prisoner.
10 I noted that no one from the Bratunac Brigade or any other unit
11 which participated in the search of the terrain did not come out to the
12 blockade line where my unit was positioned.
13 Q. Thank you.
14 MR. VANDERPUYE: For the Court's reference, I'm referring to the
15 testimony of PW-052, a 92 bis witness. And specifically pages 8702
16 through 8703 of the Popovic trial transcript.
17 Q. Let me ask you very briefly, Mr. Malinic: During the period of
18 time that your units were securing the prisoners at Nova Kasaba stadium,
19 were you aware of, or did you hear about, any abuses of the prisoners?
20 And, in particular, did you hear that one of the prisoners was shot and
21 killed there at the stadium?
22 A. As for the abuse of prisoners, there was none of that, as far as
23 I know. They were brought to the football field where they had to sit.
24 They were given water, and food was ordered for them through the
25 president of the Milici municipality. I think it was primary bread
1 because they supplied us with that as well.
2 Q. All right.
3 A. And as for killings, the killing of one prisoner, this is
4 something I heard of. And it did happen at the stadium when the prisoner
5 attacked a soldier who was a member of the military police battalion.
6 That was the only instance when someone lost his life, but it
7 wasn't at anyone's whim. It was a question of self-defence.
8 Q. Very well, Mr. Malinic.
9 MR. VANDERPUYE: I would just, for the record, refer the
10 Trial Chamber to the evidence of PW-16, and, in particular, I think that
11 is admitted in this case as P1762, transcript reference 3024 through
13 Q. Let me just ask you this, Mr. Malinic, so we can conclude.
14 Are you aware of graves, mass graves, in the area of Nova Kasaba
15 between where your unit was stationed and the intersection that were
16 exhumed, containing the bodies of several prisoners?
17 A. No, I'm not aware of that.
18 Q. Very well, Mr. Malinic. I have no further questions for you on
20 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you, very much, Mr. President. I
21 appreciate your indulgence.
22 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Thank you very much,
23 Mr. Vanderpuye. Thank you for finishing your examination-in-chief.
24 We still have ten minutes before the break, so I would like to
25 ask Mr. Tolimir if he wishes to start his cross-examination at this
2 Mr. Tolimir.
3 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] I can start, or perhaps it would be
4 best to take the break now and then finish everything as part of one
5 session. Thank you.
6 [Trial Chamber confers]
7 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Mr. Vanderpuye, I believe that
8 this is a good idea. Mr. Tolimir's proposal is convenient, isn't it?
9 Right. So we will now take a 30-minute break. We shall
10 reconvene at 12.50.
11 The hearing is adjourned.
12 --- Recess taken at 12.20 p.m.
13 --- On resuming at 12.52 p.m.
14 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] We're back in session.
15 Witness, you will now be cross-examined by the accused,
16 General Tolimir. He will be the one asking you questions.
17 I'm absolutely certain that you will answer calmly and
18 courteously, as you did when the Prosecutor put his questions to you. So
19 he has the right to put questions to you, according to the
20 Rules of Procedure and Evidence.
21 General Tolimir, you have the floor. But before that, I believe
22 you said that you needed three hours, if I'm not mistaken. So please try
23 to do what you can; try to do your best. I don't want to put any undue
24 pressure on you. I did not put too much pressure on the Prosecutor
1 So thank you very much.
2 Mr. Vanderpuye.
3 MR. VANDERPUYE: Yes, Mr. President.
4 I know that we will not finish today, I don't expect that we
5 will. I did want to alert the Court that our next witness will not be
6 ready in any event to proceed until Wednesday, so I just wanted to let
7 you know that so it is not a surprise come Tuesday, depending on when
8 General Tolimir completes his cross-examination and if there's any
9 re-direct examination, that there may be a small gap between that and the
10 next witness.
11 [Trial Chamber and Registrar confer]
12 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Mr. Vanderpuye, I understood what
13 you said, and I don't know how much General Tolimir will need for his
14 examination or cross-examination, but I imagine that if he needs the same
15 amount of time you used, we would have to -- we won't finish today so we
16 would have to continue on Tuesday, because Monday is a day off, it's a
17 United Nations holiday. I believe you are right, because you are saying
18 yes, nodding.
19 So if we do not finish today, Mr. Witness, Mr. Zoran Malinic, you
20 will have to stay with us here in The Hague and until next Tuesday. You
21 are a very important witness. You saw that the Prosecutor went over the
22 time that was given to him. I imagine that you understand that.
23 So, Mr. Prosecutor, I imagine that Witness PW-057 won't be able
24 to come before Wednesday. Is that what you said? If we do not finish on
25 Tuesday with the witness that we have here today. Is that correct?
1 MR. VANDERPUYE: Yes and no. It is correct that the witness
2 won't be ready until Wednesday. But that's independent of when this --
3 the current witness finishes. If he finished for example, early on
4 Tuesday, then I expect there will be a gap, unfortunately, until the next
5 witness. That what I was trying to express. Obviously if the current
6 witness is not completed on Tuesday, then we'll just start later with the
7 next witness, on Wednesday.
8 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Very well.
9 Does the Defence wish to add any comment?
10 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
11 I would ask us to move on to cross-examination of this witness.
12 Perhaps we might finish today, if he provides short answers, so he
13 wouldn't have to wait until Wednesday here, because he has other things
14 to do. So if you allow me, I would try to do that. Thank you.
15 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Very well, General. I thank you
16 for your efficiency and I hope that it will -- you will be efficient, as
17 you said. So you have the floor.
18 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Thank you. Once again, may there
19 be peace to this house. I greet everyone present and I hope that this
20 day of trial and the entire proceedings may finish as God wishes and not
21 as I wish.
22 Cross-examination by Mr. Tolimir:
23 Q. Please, as we speak the language, please have a look at the
24 screen and do not start speaking before the cursor stops. And please
25 also try to answer briefly to my questions. Thank you.
1 Mr. Malinic, my first question is this: Who did you hand over
2 the war prisoners from the football field to and who transported them and
3 where, if you know?
4 A. In the afternoon, or, rather, in the evening on the 13th of July,
5 buses came along to the football field. The prisoners, the soldiers,
6 boarded the buses, and, from what I learned later, the buses then went to
7 Bratunac. Whether someone who was the leader of the convoy and who
8 brought the buses, I cannot say with certainty whether that was the
9 person who received the prisoners and took them on.
10 Q. Thank you. In the afternoon, on the 13th, was there a TV crew
11 present, and did it do some filming of the prisoners and the activities
12 at the football field, as you said during examination-in-chief?
13 A. I received an order from Lieutenant-Colonel Jazic on the 13th,
14 saying that TV crews which will film the prisoners would come to the
15 sector of Nova Kasaba in the sector of the football field and that it was
16 not necessary to do any checks of these TV crews, because the filming of
17 POWs and the whole situation in the Nova Kasaba area had been approved by
18 the Main Staff. I think that there were three crews and that someone
19 from the press centre of the VRS was leading the group which came to film
20 the soldiers.
21 During the filming of the POWs, they had complete freedom. They
22 could talk to the prisoners, interview them, shoot all the details at the
23 stadium so that, as the battalion commander, or, rather, the commander of
24 the part of the unit that was present there at the time, I was unable to
25 prevent or block or guide the TV crews in any way so that they would film
1 anything according to my scenario rather than their own. They had
2 complete freedom, in other words. I'm not sure whether the TV crews were
3 there at the time moment when the Main Staff commander came to the
4 football field in Nova Kasaba. It's highly probable that they were, and
5 that they also filmed General Mladic's address to the prisoners, but I
6 cannot say this with 100 percent certainty.
7 Q. Thank you. As for your soldiers who watched the news on TV that
8 evening, could you hear from them whether the football field in
9 Nova Kasaba was on the news and whether everyone was informed, both the
10 local and the international public, that the prisoners from Nova Kasaba
11 and the football field would be exchanged?
12 A. There was no TV signal received in Nova Kasaba. So that to your
13 question whether the soldiers watched the TV, I cannot answer in the
14 affirmative. The entire unit was on the positions. So even if we had
15 been receiving the signal and had the TV programme, they could not have
16 watched it because they were engaged in carrying out combat operations.
17 Q. Thank you. And can it be supposed that if filming was allowed on
18 the 13th, and if Jazic announced it to you on the 13th, if you allowed it
19 to be done on the 13th, did these journalists who were filming that keep
20 the information for themselves or did they inform the public about it?
21 Thank you.
22 A. General, I am not aware of what the further activities of the
23 journalists and TV crews were after they had filmed what they did.
24 Therefore, I cannot tell you anything about their further activities and
25 whether it was broadcast, whether it was published in the media, or any
1 other information about that. I could not learn anything about that, or
2 watch that.
3 Q. As you were informed that you should allow the media
4 representatives in, and as they were there and as they freely talked to
5 the prisoners, as you told us, tell us, whether the POWs were registered
6 at the time? Were lists of them being made? And could the media
7 representatives and the POWs communicate freely?
8 A. During the visit of the TV crews to the football field, the POWs
9 were being listed and the TV crews had the right to talk to them and film
10 all the details they, as journalists, were interested in.
11 Q. Thank you. In accordance with that, did you register all the
12 POWs in accordance with the service rules on registering and listing the
13 POWs once they were captured?
14 A. During the registration of the POWs, we worked in accordance with
15 the service rules. Whether we registered all the POWs as I noted when
16 answering one of the Prosecutor's questions, I'm not certain whether all
17 POWs were registered, and I cannot claim and say with 100 per cent
18 certitude, that all POWs who were at the football field were listed and
20 Q. Thank you, Mr. Malinic. On page 43 of today's transcript, in
21 line 3, Mr. Vanderpuye asked you whether you contacted General Miletic.
22 My question is this: Did you discuss the alleged telegram which
23 you were supposed to receive from Savcic with Mr. Miletic, or did you
24 discuss other problems and issues because he was at the operations
25 centre? Thank you.
1 A. A lot of time has passed since 1995. Many events from my
2 military career and my personal life have been such that I do not
3 remember, first of all, whether I talked to General Miletic and, if so,
4 what we talked about. If we did, whether we discussed the telegram or
5 the situation in the territory of Nova Kasaba, I cannot say anything
6 about this.
7 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] P125, please.
8 MR. TOLIMIR: [Interpretation]
9 Q. Once it comes up on the screen, I'm showing it just for the
10 record so that we could show what we are talking about.
11 You will see on the screen what the Prosecutor showed you.
12 I'm only interested in the following. Did you receive a telegram
13 which was supposed to have the contents that this typed document but
14 unsigned and unregistered document has? Thank you.
15 A. From what I know, and from this point in time, I cannot say
16 either yes or no. I don't remember if I received this telegram.
17 Q. As you see the telegram now and as you were an officer a long
18 time, could the soldier who is in charge of decoding receive a telegram
19 which has not been registered and which is not signed, if one were to
20 investigate a crime, would you ask these questions to the decoder: Why
21 did you receive a telegram which has not been signed and which has not
22 been registered? Would he be allowed to do that?
23 A. According to the rules on correspondence, the decoder should not
24 receive any document which is not signed and which was sent by code
25 because anyone could write a document and then sign someone else or
1 include contents which have nothing do with the person who is sending
2 that, whether he would be held criminally responsible or not, this is
3 something I wouldn't know. I don't know enough about soldiers and
4 officers who are in charge of working with codes, so this information
5 could rather be provided by people who were serving in the communications
6 units and who were in charge of encryption.
7 Q. Thank you. As a policeman, if you had seen such a telegram which
8 is typed up but has not been sent by a teleprinter, what would you say in
9 your report? Was it sent to a unit which perhaps may have perished
10 because it never received this? If someone submitted to you a paper like
11 this without perforated tape that would show that it was sent by a
12 teleprinter, what would you write in your report? Thank you.
13 A. I would write that a document is of doubtful origin and that
14 there is no confirmation that the document was really sent for coding.
15 Q. Thank you. So as not to waste any more time, on page 32, the
16 Prosecutor asked you whether you knew that Egbers had come to see you and
17 that when he came to see you, he stood there at gunpoint?
18 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Can we please show document P1143.
19 Q. So that we could see how guns were pointed at him when he came to
20 see you.
21 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] P1143, please. Thank you.
22 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Mr. Prosecutor.
23 MR. VANDERPUYE: Thank you, Mr. President. I do object to
24 General Tolimir's question in the sense that it mischaracterises the
25 question that I put to the witness. I did not tell the witness that
1 Egbers came to him and he was at gunpoint. I said he was stopped at
2 gunpoint before he came to him. And that's an important issue, I think,
3 and it's an important fact for General Tolimir not to misrepresent to the
5 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Yes, General Tolimir. Would you
6 say that what you've just said reflects the -- what is written on
7 page 32, that you've just mentioned?
8 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] I will read out what I wrote down
9 in my notes:
10 "Did you know that Egbers, before seeing you, was held at
12 This is what I noted down. I don't know whether I wrote
13 everything correctly. But that's what I heard.
14 In any case, whatever Mr. Vanderpuye said, I accept it.
15 MR. TOLIMIR: [Interpretation]
16 Q. Let's look at paragraph 162, please. Before that, I need to say
17 that this is an interview given by Egbers in 1997.
18 Let's look at paragraph 162. Page 18, paragraph 162. The second
20 Apologies, my mistake. P1145, page 5. This is Egbers's
21 statement, because I wanted to refer to both documents.
22 So as not to waste any time, let's have a look at what Egbers
23 says in paragraph 145.
24 We can see his statement. Let's look at the penultimate
1 "On return, Lutke and I were stopped by Bosnian Serb soldiers. I
2 saw a barracks ahead. A soldier pointed a gun at our vehicle. He
3 ordered me to get out. I saw some ten of our men who had accompanied a
4 convoy at the barricade. A soldier noted my name next to the road where
5 the others were who had also been escorting a convoy. I asked to speak
6 to a responsible officer. An hour later, I was taken to a small school."
7 My question is this: Is it customary for check-point soldiers to
8 stop all those approaching, with weapons, because they don't know if
9 someone is an UNPROFOR member until that person shows their ID, or if
10 someone else just put on a UN uniform?
11 A. The rules of manning check-points is regulated either by the
12 rules of service or separate order. And the basic rule is that if a
13 check-point was set up, then there must be a specific task, due to which
14 the check-point was set up and what the tasks of those manning it are. A
15 check-point may serve different functions. First and foremost, it is
16 usually to control vehicles and persons moving along a certain route.
17 And military policemen are authorised to check the IDs of all those
18 stopped at the check-point. They can also search them.
19 Q. Thank you, Mr. Malinic. Let us correct my mistake from before.
20 Let's look at P1143, which is Egbers's interview, paragraph 145 we saw a
21 moment ago.
22 In the preceding paragraphs, he described how he came to see you
23 in that particular facility. Then he says that some orders must have
24 been issued by your battalion to take care of the UN personnel and I
25 asked him --
1 THE INTERPRETER: Could the accused please specify where he is
2 reading from.
3 THE ACCUSED: [No interpretation]
4 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] General Tolimir, General Tolimir,
5 could you tell us from where exactly you are reading? This would
6 facilitate the task of the interpreters. Could you just tell us from
7 where, from which position in the text you are reading.
8 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] I was reading paragraphs 145 and
10 MR. TOLIMIR: [Interpretation]
11 Q. The quote is:
12 "I did have that impression. At a certain point, that school was
13 attacked by the Muslims, two Muslims. I think no more than that [sic]."
14 A. I apologise, I did not understand your question because I was
15 busy reading.
16 Q. Thank you. My question is this: Was the school attacked while
17 the UNPROFOR members were in it, as Mr. Egbers said?
18 A. Yes. Immediately following their arrival in the barracks, there
19 was an attack by the Muslim forces on the school, or the barracks, where
20 some officers and soldiers were. That is where the UNPROFOR soldiers
21 were at that moment as well, when the attack began.
22 Q. In paragraph 149 that we see here, the question was:
23 "Was it really a suicide attack by these two men?"
24 And in paragraph 150, he says:
25 "Yes, indeed. Or they thought, Let's first shoot a little and
1 then get away quickly. That is also possible, of course. We don't know
2 that. Well, I don't know anything else about that."
3 My question is this: Did you repel the attack and did you protect
4 the UNPROFOR members and the unit that was in the facility?
5 A. General, I think what we read before that is also important,
6 which is that Lieutenant Egbers assessed that these were two Muslim
7 soldiers who attacked the school with small-calibre weapons. I don't
8 know why he concluded there were two, and if he actually saw them,
9 because the area where the attack came from was in the woods, and he had
10 no possibility of seeing anyone from where he was. He simply couldn't
11 see the situation.
12 As for his statement that I took two prisoners and pushed them in
13 front of me, is a lie. He said himself that he didn't participate in
14 that skirmish. He returned and did not take any active participation.
15 And, yet, a flew lines before that, he said that I was pushing the two
16 prisoners in front of me as a human shield, without participating in the
17 action. It's nonsensical. First of all, I don't know where his
18 assessment comes from that these were two Muslims firing at the barracks
19 and that they had small-calibre weapons.
20 Also, you asked me about this part, where he says that he didn't
21 know if it was a suicide attack or an actual attempt to break through the
22 blockade line at that location.
23 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Excuse me, please. I did not want
24 to interrupt the witness, but I wanted to tell the French booth that I
25 can no longer hear the French interpretation. I haven't heard it for a
1 while, so I don't know if it can be corrected.
2 You may continue, Mr. Tolimir.
3 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.
4 Could we please have P857. We have seen it today. It's a
5 satellite image, number 2 of Kasaba. I don't know what its exact number
6 is that it was admitted under.
7 We can see it now.
8 MR. TOLIMIR: [Interpretation]
9 Q. My question is this: In these yellow circles, is that people who
10 are inside?
11 A. Yes, I think so.
12 Q. Do you know the size of the pitch, or can you tell us how many
13 people could have been there at 2.00 p.m.?
14 A. If I look at the size of the pitch and the size of the two
15 rectangles, it would be my conclusion that at the pitch in Nova Kasaba at
16 2.00 p.m., there were up to 3- or 400 prisoners. By means at the
17 disposal of this Tribunal, I'm pretty certain that an accurate
18 calculation could be made as to the number of prisoners, if we take into
19 account the size of the rectangles and compare that to the size of the
20 pitch. I believe it can be precisely determined what the number of
21 prisoners was. We can even measure the pitch as it is today, so as to
22 know what its exact size is and compare that to the size of the two
23 rectangles. I believe that it would be a calculation that could be as
24 high as 95 per cent accurate as to the number of people in Kasaba on that
25 day at 2.00.
1 Q. So as not to have to calculate that, can you tell us how many
2 prisoners boarded those buses, since they were all registered? Actually,
3 the military police unit carried out their registration.
4 A. I cannot be precise how many prisoners were put on the buses on
5 the 13th of July in the afternoon. But I think the number was between
6 1.000 and 1.200.
7 As for the lists of captured soldiers, they were handed over to
8 the regiment command. It is clear on those lists who the people captured
9 were, when they were captured, and whether they had any documents with
10 them or not, personal documents.
11 Q. Thank you. Since you mentioned the regimental command, can you
12 tell us whether the command was familiar with the incident in which one
13 of the prisoners was killed in -- on the field?
14 A. Yes. The regimental command was informed of the incident, when
15 the prisoner was killed at the field in Nova Kasaba.
16 Q. Thank you. Since we have 15 minutes left, let me ask you this,
17 which is something I forgot to ask you about Egbers.
18 Did he leave the Mercedes vehicles behind or did you seize them
19 from him?
20 A. Mr. Egbers received an approval from his superior command to go
21 back to the base in Potocari. In order to protect his personnel from
22 being exposed to any gun-fire along the way, it was for that reason that
23 he came to my office. He gave me the keys to the vehicles, and just
24 before leaving, and before he brought the keys, he personally received a
25 rifle from me as a souvenir so that he would remember his stay in
1 Nova Kasaba.
2 Something else I wanted to say about Lieutenant Egbers. Since he
3 was constantly in touch with his command, it might be useful to try and
4 locate any conversations he had with his command and the reports he sent
5 on the 13th, 14th, and 15th of July. He had an overview of the entire
6 situation at that time. Based on his statement, and I can see he gave it
7 on September 2, 1999, which is four years later, I think the most
8 credible source would be to check his reports to his command while he was
9 in Nova Kasaba.
10 Q. Thank you. Since you just said that, I now need to go back to
11 P1143, which is Mr. Egbers's statement. He mentions the very fact in
12 paragraph 162, paragraph 2, and paragraphs 163 and 164. We can see it
13 here. In paragraph 142, he says -- we're reading from the sixth line in
14 paragraph 145.
15 THE INTERPRETER: Could the accused please provide exact
17 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] My mistake. Paragraph 162; 162,
18 not 145.
19 THE INTERPRETER: The interpreter in the French booth apologies.
20 There seems to be a technical problem. It's not working.
21 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Thank you. We can see it now in
22 the English but not in the Serbian.
23 MR. TOLIMIR: [Interpretation]
24 Q. We can see --
25 [French on English Channel]
1 MR. TOLIMIR: [Interpretation]
2 Q. Paragraph 2 of paragraph 162, "In my view," et cetera, "I knew
3 the situation," I'll skip that:
4 "I had driven along the road. I knew what there was along that
5 road. I was worried about the safety of my own troops. I proposed once
6 again exactly that we all go in an armoured vehicle of the Bosnian Serbs
7 and that we disable the two vehicles and leave them behind. Franken gave
8 us permission for this."
9 In paragraph 163 the question is:
10 "Did you get Franken personally on the line?"
11 Paragraph 164:
12 "Yes, it was Franken himself. But that went via Satcom. You
13 type it in."
14 My question is this: Did I quote correctly, and is what
15 Mr. Egbers said correct, which is that he disabled the vehicles and
16 handed you the keys?
17 A. He only took the communication equipment from the two vehicles.
18 I don't know much about it because their technology was very up to date
19 and much more modern than ours. In any case, he took that equipment with
20 him and the vehicles were not disabled. They functioned properly. When
21 the UN forces were leaving Potocari, no one came back for those vehicles
22 because they were handed over to me and a certificate -- a receipt was
23 issued against it. Later on, the vehicles were used for the needs of the
24 battalion and the 65th Protection Regiment.
25 Q. Thank you. At page 51 of yesterday's transcript of the 8th of
1 June, in line 12, you say that you were transferred to Serbia via
2 Klagenfurt, and then to Sarajevo after you escaped from Varazdin. Can
3 you explain that situation to us, and were you transferred or expelled to
4 Slovenia and Austria, and in what way were you returned to your home
5 country through different countries?
6 A. When I was taken prisoner at the Trinaesti Maj Barracks, where I
7 was serving in the military police battalion as the assistant commander
8 for morale, together with a group of other officers from the military
9 police, these were four officers from this service. Two soldiers who
10 worked in the military police service, and one lieutenant with two APCs,
11 I think that these were the BVP M80 type. That was the composition of
12 the group in the barracks. The barracks had been moved out, but as the
13 Yugoslav People's Army, we had received an order not to surrender any
14 army facility to anyone. Once we were captured by the ZNG troops, they
15 kept us at a hunter's lodge, or a mountaineer's lodge, where they
16 questioned us and where our former colleagues from state security
17 interviewed the officers. People were taken out to be shot, but it
18 turned out that these were not actual executions by firing squad but that
19 this was just a stage show.
20 After several days through Ormoz, we were transported to
22 Q. [Microphone not activated]
23 THE INTERPRETER: Microphone for the accused, please.
24 Overlapping speakers. We cannot interpret at this rate.
25 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Thank you. I just wanted to have
1 the witness say for the record from which country were they transported
2 to Slovenia. Thank you.
3 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] May I continue?
4 MR. TOLIMIR: [Interpretation]
5 Q. Yes, please.
6 JUDGE MINDUA: [No interpretation]
7 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I think it was the crossing at
8 Ormoz where state security forces of Slovenia immediately came and
9 continued to question the soldiers and officers who were transported
11 It lasted for one or two days, and those had been my colleagues,
12 up until the previous day, in military police and who had joined the
13 Slovenian police, took part in the questioning. As my acquaintance is
14 from Slovenia, I called him, and in his vehicle from Ormoz, he took me to
15 the boarder with Austria, where, in Austria, I got on a plane and I came
16 to Sarajevo, and after that, I returned to Belgrade. There was no
17 possibility of having other transport because the whole road was blocked.
18 You couldn't travel overland in the direction of Bosnia or Serbia because
19 all roads had been closed down. This was the only possibility to reach
21 MR. TOLIMIR: [Interpretation]
22 Q. Thank you. But you have not answered my question. As a member
23 of the Yugoslav People's Army, once you were captured in Vukovar in
24 Croatia, were you exported to a foreign country, and did you return to
25 your home country from that foreign country later on?
1 A. I'm sorry, I think it was wasn't Vukovar but, rather, Varazdin.
2 Yes. The answer is yes.
3 Q. Thank you. On page 51, you also talked about those who were
4 killed in the hospital in Sarajevo, those from your unit. Can you tell
5 us whether you know what was the total number of those who were killed,
6 both in Dobrovoljacka Street and in the other location which you
7 described? Thank you.
8 A. I can say how many dead from the detachment there were. That
9 happened on 2nd of May, 1992. And as for the incident in
10 Dobrovoljacka Street, that was on the 3rd of May, 1992. Perhaps I could
11 quote or, rather, tell you from my memory what the media carried; that
12 there were more than 40 dead on the whole, taking both the 2nd and the
13 3rd of May. I mean the dead members of the JNA in Dobrovoljacka Street
14 and at Skenderija.
15 Q. Thank you. Please tell us whether you were also attacked in
16 Croatia by forces who were not constitutionally legitimate and legalised
17 as armed forces at the time. Did the same thing also happen in
18 Bosnia and Herzegovina, and was the JNA attacked by paramilitary
19 formations in these two republics?
20 A. As I worked in Croatia, when I discharged the duty as the
21 military police battalion commander, we had much co-operation with their
22 anti-terrorist unit which was attached to the Croatian MUP. As they
23 could do not do some exercises, like shooting from a helicopter which was
24 part of their training, then they did this exercise together with members
25 of my unit at the Slunj training ground. At the time, in Croatia, great
1 pressure was excerpted on members of the military police. Officers were
2 offered money to cross over to them and train their army, which was being
3 established but which was not legitimate and it was not legal. They
4 offered money. If you refused -- just for you to leave the JNA and leave
5 Croatia. Some officers, whether it was due to pressure because of their
6 families which live there, accepted such deals. I was personally
7 threatened in Varazdin that they would kill my family because they knew
8 where I lived and where my family was.
9 I experienced such things from people I had worked together with
10 until recently. Such things also happened in Bosnia and Herzegovina,
11 once the unit went there. In the beginning, our main task was to set up
12 a military police -- or, rather, the military police battalion, and the
13 protection regiment had the task to form mixed patrol units with the
14 local MUP which functioned in the beginning. Later on, the police split
15 along ethnic lines, and such units no longer existed; I mean, the joint
16 patrol units no longer existed in the city. There was sporadic shooting
17 in Sarajevo, sporadic fire from various sides. And, as for the outbreak
18 of war, the 22nd of April can be taken as the date, as 12 people were
19 killed by Muslim forces when they were attacked in the area of the Hotel
20 Srbija. The Yugoslav People's Army got involved, and the first units
21 which came out to the ground came out into the territory of Ilidza
22 municipality. This is what I know about the outbreak of the war there.
23 There are many issues that we could also discuss in relation with
24 this, but I think that -- I'm not sure whether time will allow us to do
25 that, to discuss the incidents where the attacks on the JNA occurred.
1 Q. [No interpretation]
2 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Thank you, Witness.
3 General Tolimir, I realise that it is 13 hours and 47 minutes, so
4 we will undoubtedly not be able to finish today, since we have no more
6 I assume you haven't finished. Please put your microphone on
7 because I can't hear you.
8 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Mr. President, I tried to speed up,
9 to finish my examination so that the witness wouldn't sit here and wait
10 for a week. So if you would allow Mr. Vanderpuye to ask additional
11 questions, I think I did not move out of the framework of
12 cross-examination so that the witness wouldn't have to wait. I have no
13 further questions. I just need to ask the witness, because he said that
14 he was falsely accused of certain crimes, if he wanted to tell us
15 something about that. Because it is my duty to ask him this. And, if
16 necessary, we might move to -- do you agree that by 12.00 Mr. Vanderpuye
17 should finish, if I could reduce my cross-examination to 45 minutes, then
18 he might reduce his additional re-examination to 15 minutes and then we
19 might release this witness. Thank you.
20 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] General Tolimir, why are you
21 finishing your cross-examination now, since you still have enough time,
22 and you have not had or used your three-hour allotted time? You feel you
23 wish to end your cross-examination now. Is that right?
24 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] That's right, Mr. President. I
25 believe that we should finish everything today so that the witness would
1 not have to wait another five days for another 15 minutes. This is what
2 I did, and I don't mind it if you don't mind. Thank you.
3 I would just ask one additional question and then I would end my
4 examination. I would just like to give the witness a chance to answer
5 that one question.
6 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Go ahead and put your additional
7 question, in that case.
8 MR. TOLIMIR: [Interpretation]
9 Q. My additional question is this: Do you feel any need to say
10 anything about false accusations which were made against you earlier and
11 which caused you certain problems? If you don't wish to do that in open
12 session, we might move to private session. Thank you.
13 A. In the statement which I gave at the ICTY office in Belgrade, I
14 said everything, because the Prosecutor, or, rather, the investigator,
15 told me that I had committed a war crime and why did General Krstic point
16 his finger at me as someone who had committed a war crime. I answered
17 that that was not a question for me, but, rather, for General Krstic.
18 Namely, what were the reasons why he mentioned not just me but also the
19 unit which I commanded, and what made him say that. Was it the position
20 where we were, shifting the burden of guilt to a unit which was not part
21 of the Drina Corps? Maybe that was the reason for justifying his own
22 activities. I really couldn't say what his reasons for that may have
23 been. I was very surprised by the fact when it was mentioned in the
24 media. I had no opportunity, nor did this Tribunal ever call me before
25 2005 to give any sort of statement about the events which took place in
1 the relevant period in Nova Kasaba. I do have my opinion about all this,
2 but I rather wouldn't state it here before the Tribunal. It's a personal
3 matter which remains such. I wouldn't like to state any
4 counteraccusations against anyone or blame anyone for incidents that I do
5 not know much about and that I'm not certain about.
6 That is it.
7 Q. Thank you so much, Mr. Malinic. Thank you for coming here. God
8 bless you. Thank you for coming here, and I wish you happy return home.
9 A. Thank you, too. I wish you much health, a long life, and I hope
10 you will manage to defend yourself by using arguments before this
12 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Mr. President, this is what the
13 Defence had to ask this witness. Perhaps he could be re-examined here so
14 that he could go home and wouldn't have to wait another five days for 15
15 minutes. Thank you.
16 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Thank you very much, Mr. Tolimir,
17 for your cross-examination.
18 Mr. Prosecutor, do you have any additional questions?
19 MR. VANDERPUYE: Mr. President, I do have a few questions, and I
20 see that we've got about -- we're overtime, actually, I think. And the
21 nature of the examination is relatively short, which I don't think it
22 would be worth keeping him here for a long time to deal with. This is
23 unfortunate, because General Tolimir had estimated three hours, I think,
24 which obviously would have required the witness returning, in any event,
25 whereby, I would be able to conduct a, at least, effective re-direct
1 examination. But I don't think I can do that in this amount of time.
2 So I leave it to your discretion. I don't know what the
3 witness's schedule is like to determine whether or not he should continue
4 on Tuesday. If his inclination is that he has to leave and he can't be
5 here Tuesday because of family commitments, work commitments, or some
6 other reason, and that's fine with the Court, then I will abide by that.
7 But, otherwise, I would like to ask him just a few questions.
8 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] How much time would you need to
9 ask those questions?
10 MR. VANDERPUYE: I don't think much more than five or ten
11 minutes. Obviously it depends on the length of his answers. But not
12 more than five or ten minutes. But I see that we don't have that,
14 [Trial Chamber confers]
15 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Mr. Witness, could you be here on
16 Tuesday once again, because ...
17 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] If need be, and if I have to, I'll
19 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] General Tolimir.
20 THE ACCUSED: [Interpretation] Mr. President, once you allow me to
21 leave, I wait for Radovan Karadzic, because he stays up until 3.00 p.m.
22 every day. So if only ten or 15 minutes are needed, can't we prolong
23 this for ten or 15 minutes to save something for the Tribunal and so that
24 this man wouldn't have to stay here another five days because there would
25 be a five-day break? This is why I tried to speed up my examination.
1 JUDGE MINDUA: [Interpretation] Very good. Well, as you can see,
2 the Chamber is made up of two Judges today. We cannot continue because
3 Judge Nyambe has other arrangements that should begin very soon.
4 Therefore, we have to adjourn and we will resume on Tuesday.
5 The session is adjourned.
6 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 1.56 p.m.,
7 to be reconvened on Tuesday, the 14th day of June,
8 2011, at 2.15 p.m.