"Amendments to the Rules of Procedure and Evidence"
27 April 2001
By decision of the Judges at an Extraordinary plenary session of the International Tribunal held on 12 April 2001, the following Rules of the Rules of Procedure and Evidence ("Rules") are amended:
2 English and French
Rule 6 English and French
Rule 7 bis English and French
Rule 17 English and French
Rule 18 English and French
Rule 20 English and French
Rule 22 English and French
Rule 23 English and French
Rule 24 English and French
Rule 25 English and French
Rule 26 English and French
Rule 27 English and French
Rule 28 English and French
Rule 30 English and French
Rule 40 bis English and French
Rule 45 English and French
Rule 55 English and French
Rule 59 bis English and French
Rule 62 English and French
Rule 65 bis English and French
Rule 65 ter English and French
Rule 73 English and French
Rule 73 bis English and French
Rule 73 ter English and French
Rule 74 bis English and French
Rule 90 English and French
Rule 90 bis English and French
Rule 124 English and French
Practice Direction IT/143 has also been amended, the new text of which appears in the Annex to this document.
Where possible, the amendments have been highlighted in the text of this document.
Pursuant to Sub-rule 6 (D), these amendments shall enter into force seven days after the date of issue of this official document, i.e., on 4 May 2001. Document IT/32/Rev. 20 will be issued in both languages as soon as possible.
The full texts of the amended Rules are set out in the Annex to this document.
Chair of the Rules Committee
twenty-seventh day of April 2001
At The Hague
(A) In the Rules, unless the context otherwise requires, the following terms shall mean:
Ad litem Judge: A Judge appointed pursuant to Article 13 ter of the Statute;
Permanent Judge: A Judge elected or appointed pursuant to Article 13 bis of the Statute;
[N.B. The definitions appear in alphabetical order in paragraph (A) of the Rule]
Amendment of the Rules
(A) Proposals for amendment of the Rules may be made by a Judge, the Prosecutor or the Registrar and shall be adopted if agreed to by not less than ten permanent Judges at a plenary meeting of the Tribunal convened with notice of the proposal addressed to all Judges.
(B) An amendment to the Rules may be otherwise adopted, provided it is unanimously approved by the permanent Judges.
(C) Proposals for amendment of the Rules may otherwise be made in accordance with the Practice Direction issued by the President.
(D) An amendment shall enter into force seven days after the date of issue of an official Tribunal document containing the amendment, but shall not operate to prejudice the rights of the accused or of a convicted or acquitted person in any pending case.
Non-compliance with Obligations
(A) In addition to cases to which Rule 11, Rule 13, Rule 59 or Rule 61 applies, where a Trial Chamber or a permanent Judge is satisfied that a State has failed to comply with an obligation under Article 29 of the Statute which relates to any proceedings before that Chamber or Judge, the Chamber or Judge may advise the President, who shall report the matter to the Security Council.
(B) If the Prosecutor satisfies the President that a State has failed to comply with an obligation under Article 29 of the Statute in respect of a request by the Prosecutor under Rule 8, Rule 39 or Rule 40, the President shall notify the Security Council thereof.
(A) All Judges are equal in the exercise of their judicial functions, regardless of dates of election, appointment, age or period of service.
(B) The Presiding Judges of the Trial Chambers shall take precedence according to age after the President and the Vice-President.
(C) Permanent Judges elected or appointed on different dates shall take precedence according to the dates of their election or appointment; Judges elected or appointed on the same date shall take precedence according to age.
(D) In case of re-election, the total period of service as a Judge of the Tribunal shall be taken into account.
(E) Ad litem Judges shall take precedence after the permanent Judges according to the dates of their appointment. Ad litem Judges appointed on the same date shall take precedence according to age.
Election of the President
(A) The President shall be elected for a term of two years, or such shorter term as shall coincide with the duration of his or her term of office as a Judge. The President may be re-elected once.
(B) If the President ceases to be a member of the Tribunal or resigns from office before the expiration of his or her term, the permanent Judges shall elect from among their number a successor for the remainder of the term.
(C) The President shall be elected by a majority of the votes of the permanent Judges composing the Tribunal. If no Judge obtains such a majority, the second ballot shall be limited to the two Judges who obtained the greatest number of votes on the first ballot. In the case of equality of votes on the second ballot, the Judge who takes precedence in accordance with Rule 17 shall be declared elected.
(A) The Vice-President shall be elected for a term of two years, or such shorter term as shall coincide with the duration of his or her term of office as a permanent Judge. The Vice-President may be re-elected once.
(B) The Vice-President may sit as a member of a Trial Chamber or of the Appeals Chamber.
(C) Rules 18 (B) and (C) shall apply mutatis mutandis to the Vice-President.
(A) If neither the President nor the Vice-President can carry out the functions of the President, these shall be assumed by the senior permanent Judge, determined in accordance with Rule 17.
(B) If the President is unable to exercise the functions of Presiding Judge of the Appeals Chamber, that Chamber shall elect a Presiding Judge from among its number.
(A) The Bureau shall be composed of the President, the Vice-President and the Presiding Judges of the Trial Chambers.
(B) The President shall consult the other members of the Bureau on all major questions relating to the functioning of the Tribunal.
(C) The President may consult with the ad litem Judges on matters to be discussed in the Bureau and may invite a representative of the ad litem Judges to attend Bureau meetings.
(D) A Judge may draw the attention of any member of the Bureau to issues that the Judge considers ought to be discussed by the Bureau or submitted to a plenary meeting of the Tribunal.
(E) If any member of the Bureau is unable to carry out any of the functions of the Bureau, these shall be assumed by the senior available Judge determined in accordance with Rule 17.
[N.B. Former paragraphs (C) and (D) now become paragraphs (D) and (E)]
Plenary Meetings of the Tribunal
Subject to the restrictions on the voting rights of ad litem Judges set out in Article 13 quater of the Statute, the Judges shall meet in plenary to:
(i) elect the President and Vice-President;
(ii) adopt and amend the Rules;
(iii) adopt the Annual Report provided for in Article 34 of the Statute;
(iv) decide upon matters relating to the internal functioning of the Chambers and the Tribunal;
(v) determine or supervise the conditions of detention;
(vi) exercise any other functions provided for in the Statute or in the Rules.
Dates of Plenary Sessions
(A) The dates of the plenary sessions of the Tribunal shall normally be agreed upon in July of each year for the following calendar year.
(B) Other plenary meetings shall be convened by the President if so requested by at least nine permanent Judges, and may be convened whenever the exercise of the Presidents functions under the Statute or the Rules so requires.
Quorum and Vote
(A) The quorum for each plenary meeting of the Tribunal shall be ten permanent Judges.
(B) Subject to Rules 6 (A), (B) and 18 (C), the decisions of the plenary meetings of the Tribunal shall be taken by the majority of the Judges present. In the event of an equality of votes, the President or the Judge acting in the place of the President shall have a casting vote.
(A) Permanent Judges shall rotate on a regular basis between the Trial Chambers and the Appeals Chamber. Rotation shall take into account the efficient disposal of cases.
(B) The Judges shall take their places in their new Chamber as soon as the President thinks it convenient, having regard to the disposal of part-heard cases.
(C) The President may at any time temporarily assign a member of a Trial Chamber or of the Appeals Chamber to another Chamber.
Reviewing and Duty Judges
(A) On receipt of an indictment for review from the Prosecutor, the Registrar shall consult with the President who shall designate one of the permanent Trial Chamber Judges for the review.
(B) The President, in consultation with the Judges, shall maintain a roster designating one permanent Judge as duty Judge for the assigned period of seven days. The duty Judge shall be available at all times, including out of normal Registry hours, for dealing with applications pursuant to paragraphs (C) and (D) but may refuse to deal with any application out of normal Registry hours if not satisfied as to its urgency. The roster of duty Judges shall be published by the Registrar.
(C) All applications in a case not otherwise assigned to a Chamber, other than the review of indictments, shall be transmitted to the duty Judge. Where accused are jointly indicted, a submission relating only to an accused who is not in the custody of the Tribunal shall be transmitted to the duty Judge, notwithstanding that the case has already been assigned to a Chamber in respect of some or all of the co-accused of that accused. The duty Judge shall act pursuant to Rule 54 in dealing with applications under this Rule.
(D) The duty Judge may, in his or her discretion, if satisfied as to the urgency of the matter, deal with an application in a case already assigned to a Chamber out of normal Registry hours as an emergency application. In such case, the Registry shall also serve copies of the application and of any order or decision issued by the duty Judge in connection therewith on the Chamber to which the matter is assigned.
(E) During periods of court recess, regardless of the Chamber to which he or she is assigned, the duty Judge may:
(i) take decisions on provisional detention pursuant to Rule 40 bis;
(ii) conduct the initial appearance of an accused pursuant to Rule 62.
The Registry shall serve a copy of all orders or decisions issued by the duty Judge in connection therewith on the Chamber to which the matter is assigned.
Appointment of the Registrar
The President shall seek the opinion of the permanent Judges on the candidates for the post of Registrar, before consulting with the Secretary-General of the United Nations pursuant to Article 17, paragraph 3, of the Statute.
Transfer and Provisional Detention of Suspects
(A) In the conduct of an investigation, the Prosecutor may transmit to the Registrar, for an order by a Judge assigned pursuant to Rule 28, a request for the transfer to and provisional detention of a suspect in the premises of the detention unit of the Tribunal. This request shall indicate the grounds upon which the request is made and, unless the Prosecutor wishes only to question the suspect, shall include a provisional charge and a summary of the material upon which the Prosecutor relies.
(B) The Judge shall order the transfer and provisional detention of the suspect if the following conditions are met:
(i) the Prosecutor has requested a State to arrest the suspect provisionally, in accordance with Rule 40, or the suspect is otherwise detained by State authorities;
(ii) after hearing the Prosecutor, the Judge considers that there is a reliable and consistent body of material which tends to show that the suspect may have committed a crime over which the Tribunal has jurisdiction; and
(iii) the Judge considers provisional detention to be a necessary measure to prevent the escape of the suspect, injury to or intimidation of a victim or witness or the destruction of evidence, or to be otherwise necessary for the conduct of the investigation.
(C) The order for the transfer and provisional detention of the suspect shall be signed by the Judge and bear the seal of the Tribunal. The order shall set forth the basis of the application made by the Prosecutor under paragraph (A), including the provisional charge, and shall state the Judges grounds for making the order, having regard to paragraph (B). The order shall also specify the initial time-limit for the provisional detention of the suspect, and be accompanied by a statement of the rights of a suspect, as specified in this Rule and in Rules 42 and 43.
(D) The provisional detention of a suspect shall be ordered for a period not exceeding thirty days from the date of the transfer of the suspect to the seat of the Tribunal. At the end of that period, at the Prosecutors request, the Judge who made the order, or another permanent Judge of the same Trial Chamber, may decide, subsequent to an inter partes hearing of the Prosecutor and the suspect assisted by counsel, to extend the detention for a period not exceeding thirty days, if warranted by the needs of the investigation. At the end of that extension, at the Prosecutors request, the Judge who made the order, or another permanent Judge of the same Trial Chamber, may decide, subsequent to an inter partes hearing of the Prosecutor and the suspect assisted by counsel, to extend the detention for a further period not exceeding thirty days, if warranted by special circumstances. The total period of detention shall in no case exceed ninety days, at the end of which, in the event the indictment has not been confirmed and an arrest warrant signed, the suspect shall be released or, if appropriate, be delivered to the authorities of the requested State.
(E) The provisions in Rules 55 (B) to 59 bis shall apply mutatis mutandis to the execution of the transfer order and the provisional detention order relative to a suspect.
(F) After being transferred to the seat of the Tribunal, the suspect, assisted by counsel, shall be brought, without delay, before the Judge who made the order, or another permanent Judge of the same Trial Chamber, who shall ensure that the rights of the suspect are respected.
(G) During detention, the Prosecutor and the suspect or the suspects counsel may submit to the Trial Chamber of which the Judge who made the order is a member, all applications relative to the propriety of provisional detention or to the suspects release.
(H) Without prejudice to paragraph (D), the Rules relating to the detention on remand of accused persons shall apply mutatis mutandis to the provisional detention of persons under this Rule.
Assignment of Counsel
(A) Whenever the interests of justice so demand, counsel shall be assigned to suspects or accused who lack the means to remunerate such counsel. Such assignments shall be treated in accordance with the procedure established in a Directive set out by the Registrar and approved by the permanent Judges.
(B) A list of counsel who, in addition to fulfilling the requirements of Rule 44, have shown that they possess reasonable experience in criminal and/or international law and have indicated their willingness to be assigned by the Tribunal to any person detained under the authority of the Tribunal lacking the means to remunerate counsel, shall be kept by the Registrar.
(C) In particular circumstances, upon the request of a person lacking the means to remunerate counsel, the Registrar may assign counsel whose name does not appear on the list but who otherwise fulfils the requirements of Rule 44.
(D) If a request is refused, a further request may be made by a suspect or an accused to the Registrar.
(E) The Registrar shall, in consultation with the permanent Judges, establish the criteria for the payment of fees to assigned counsel.
(F) Where a person is assigned counsel and is subsequently found not to be lacking the means to remunerate counsel, the Chamber may make an order of contribution to recover the cost of providing counsel.
(G) A suspect or an accused electing to conduct his or her own defence shall so notify the Registrar in writing at the first opportunity.
Execution of Arrest Warrants
(A) A warrant of arrest shall be signed by a permanent Judge. It shall include an order for the prompt transfer of the accused to the Tribunal upon the arrest of the accused.
(B) The original warrant shall be retained by the Registrar, who shall prepare certified copies bearing the seal of the Tribunal.
(C) Each certified copy shall be accompanied by a copy of the indictment certified in accordance with Rule 47 (G) and a statement of the rights of the accused set forth in Article 21 of the Statute, and in Rules 42 and 43 mutatis mutandis. If the accused does not understand either of the official languages of the Tribunal and if the language understood by the accused is known to the Registrar, each certified copy of the warrant of arrest shall also be accompanied by a translation of the statement of the rights of the accused in that language.
(D) Subject to any order of a Judge or Chamber, the Registrar may transmit a certified copy of a warrant of arrest to the person or authorities to which it is addressed, including the national authorities of a State in whose territory or under whose jurisdiction the accused resides, or was last known to be, or is believed by the Registrar to be likely to be found.
(E) The Registrar shall instruct the person or authorities to which a warrant is transmitted that at the time of arrest the indictment and the statement of the rights of the accused be read to the accused in a language that he or she understands and that the accused be cautioned in that language that the accused has the right to remain silent, and that any statement he or she makes shall be recorded and may be used in evidence.
(F) Notwithstanding paragraph (E), if at the time of arrest the accused is served with, or with a translation of, the indictment and the statement of rights of the accused in a language that the accused understands and is able to read, these need not be read to the accused at the time of arrest.
(G) When an arrest warrant issued by the Tribunal is executed by the authorities of a State, or an appropriate authority or international body, a member of the Office of the Prosecutor may be present as from the time of the arrest.
Transmission of Arrest Warrants
(A) Notwithstanding Rules 55 to 59, on the order of a permanent Judge, the Registrar shall transmit to an appropriate authority or international body or the Prosecutor a copy of a warrant for the arrest of an accused, on such terms as the Judge may determine, together with an order for the prompt transfer of the accused to the Tribunal in the event that the accused be taken into custody by that authority or international body or the Prosecutor.
(B) At the time of being taken into custody an accused shall be informed immediately, in a language the accused understands, of the charges against him or her and of the fact that he or she is being transferred to the Tribunal. Upon such transfer, the indictment and a statement of the rights of the accused shall be read to the accused and the accused shall be cautioned in such a language.
(C) Notwithstanding paragraph (B), the indictment and statement of rights of the accused need not be read to the accused if the accused is served with these, or with a translation of these, in a language the accused understands and is able to read.
Initial Appearance of Accused
Upon transfer of an accused to the seat of the Tribunal, the President shall forthwith assign the case to a Trial Chamber. The accused shall be brought before that Trial Chamber or a permanent Judge thereof without delay, and shall be formally charged. The Trial Chamber or the Judge shall:
(i) satisfy itself, himself or herself that the right of the accused to counsel is respected;
(ii) read or have the indictment read to the accused in a language the accused speaks and understands, and satisfy itself, himself or herself that the accused understands the indictment;
(iii) inform the accused that, within thirty days of the initial appearance, he or she will be called upon to enter a plea of guilty or not guilty on each count but that, should the accused so request, he or she may immediately enter a plea of guilty or not guilty on one or more count;
(iv) if the accused fails to enter a plea at the initial or any further appearance, enter a plea of not guilty on the accuseds behalf;
(v) in case of a plea of not guilty, instruct the Registrar to set a date for trial;
(vi) in case of a plea of guilty:
(a) if before the Trial Chamber, act in accordance with Rule 62 bis, or
(b) if before a Judge, refer the plea to the Trial Chamber so that it may act in accordance with Rule 62 bis;
(vii) instruct the Registrar to set such other dates as appropriate.
(A) A Trial Chamber or a permanent Trial Chamber Judge shall convene a status conference within one hundred and twenty days of the initial appearance of the accused and thereafter within one hundred and twenty days after the last status conference:
(i) to organize exchanges between the parties so as to ensure expeditious preparation for trial;
(ii) to review the status of his or her case and to allow the accused the opportunity to raise issues in relation thereto, including the mental and physical condition of the accused.
(B) The Appeals Chamber or an Appeals Chamber Judge shall convene a status conference, within one hundred and twenty days of the filing of a notice of appeal and thereafter within one hundred and twenty days after the last status conference, to allow any person in custody pending appeal the opportunity to raise issues in relation thereto, including the mental and physical condition of that person.
(A) The Presiding Judge of the Trial Chamber shall, no later than seven days after the initial appearance of the accused, designate from among its members a permanent Judge responsible for the pre-trial proceedings (hereinafter "pre-trial Judge").
(B) The pre-trial Judge shall, under the authority and supervision of the Trial Chamber seized of the case, co-ordinate communication between the parties during the pre-trial phase. The pre-trial Judge shall ensure that the proceedings are not unduly delayed and shall take any measure necessary to prepare the case for a fair and expeditious trial.
(C) The pre-trial Judge shall be entrusted with all of the pre-trial functions set forth in Rule 66, Rule 73 bis and Rule 73 ter, and with all or part of the functions set forth in Rule 73.
(D) (i) The pre-trial Judge may be assisted in the performance of his or her duties by one of the Senior Legal Officers assigned to Chambers.
(ii) The pre-trial Judge shall establish a work plan indicating, in general terms, the obligations that the parties are required to meet pursuant to this Rule and the dates by which these obligations must be fulfilled.
(iii) Acting under the supervision of the pre-trial Judge, the Senior Legal Officer shall oversee the implementation of the work plan and shall keep the pre-trial Judge informed of the progress of the discussions between and with the parties and, in particular, of any potential difficulty. He or she shall present the pre-trial Judge with reports as appropriate and shall communicate to the parties, without delay, any observations and decisions made by the pre-trial Judge.
(iv) The pre-trial Judge shall order the parties to meet to discuss issues related to the preparation of the case, in particular, so that the Prosecutor can meet his or her obligations pursuant to paragraphs (E) (i) to (iii) of this Rule and for the defence to meet its obligations pursuant to paragraph (G) of this Rule and of Rule 73 ter.
(v) Such meetings are held inter partes or, at his or her request, with the Senior Legal Officer and one or more of the parties. The Senior Legal Officer ensures that the obligations set out in paragraphs (E) (i) to (iii) of this Rule and, at the appropriate time that the obligations in paragraph (G) and Rule 73 ter, are satisfied in accordance with the work plan set by the pre-trial Judge.
(vi) The presence of the accused is not necessary for meetings convened by the Senior Legal Officer.
(vii) The Senior Legal Officer may be assisted by a representative of the Registry in the performance of his of her duties pursuant to this Rule and may require a transcript to be made.
(E) Once disclosure pursuant to Rules 66 and 68 is completed and any existing preliminary motions filed within the time-limit provided by Rule 72 are disposed of, the pre-trial Judge shall order the Prosecutor, upon the report of the Senior Legal Officer, and within a time-limit set by the pre-trial Judge and not less than six weeks before the Pre-Trial Conference required by Rule 73 bis, to file the following :
(i) the final version of the Prosecutors pre-trial brief including, for each count, a summary of the evidence which the Prosecutor intends to bring regarding the commission of the alleged crime and the form of responsibility incurred by the accused; this brief shall include any admissions by the parties and a statement of matters which are not in dispute; as well as a statement of contested matters of fact and law;
(ii) the list of witnesses the Prosecutor intends to call with :
(a) the name or pseudonym of each witness;
(b) a summary of the facts on which each witness will testify;
(c) the points in the indictment as to which each witness will testify, including specific references to counts and relevant paragraphs in the indictment;
(d) the total number of witnesses and the number of witnesses who will testify against each accused and on each count;
(e) an indication of whether the witness will testify in person or pursuant to Rule 92 bis by way of written statement or use of a transcript of testimony from other proceedings before the Tribunal; and
(f) the estimated length of time required for each witness and the total time estimated for presentation of the Prosecutors case.
(iii) the list of exhibits the Prosecutor intends to offer stating where possible whether the defence has any objection as to authenticity.
(F) After the submission by the Prosecutor of the items mentioned in paragraph (E), the pre-trial Judge shall order the defence, within a time-limit set by the pre-trial Judge, and not later than three weeks before the Pre-Trial Conference, to file a pre-trial brief setting out :
(i) in general terms, the nature of the accuseds defence;
(ii) the matters with which the accused takes issue in the Prosecutors pre-trial brief; and
(iii) in the case of each such matter, the reason why the accused takes issue with it.
(G) After the close of the Prosecutors case and before the commencement of the defence case, the pre-trial Judge shall order the defence to file the following:
(i) a list of witnesses the defence intends to call with:
(a) the name or pseudonym of each witness;
(b) a summary of the facts on which each witness will testify;
(c) the points in the indictment as to which each witness will testify;
(d) the total number of witnesses and the number of witnesses who will testify for each accused and on each count;
(e) an indication of whether the witness will testify in person or pursuant to Rule 92 bis by way of written statement or use of a transcript of testimony from other proceedings before the Tribunal; and
(f) the estimated length of time required for each witness and the total time estimated for presentation of the defence case; and
(ii) a list of exhibits the defence intends to offer in its case, stating where possible whether the Prosecutor has any objection as to authenticity.
(H) The pre-trial Judge shall record the points of agreement and disagreement on matters of law and fact. In this connection, he or she may order parties to file written submissions with either the pre-trial Judge or the Trial Chamber.
(I) In order to perform his or her functions, the pre-trial Judge may proprio motu, where appropriate, hear the parties without the accused being present. The pre-trial Judge may hear the parties in his or her private room, in which case minutes of the meeting shall be taken by a representative of the Registry.
(J) The pre-trial Judge shall keep the Trial Chamber regularly informed, particularly where issues are in dispute and may refer such disputes to the Trial Chamber.
(K) The pre-trial Judge may set a time for the making of pre-trial motions and, if required, any hearing thereon. A motion made before trial shall be determined before trial unless the Judge, for good cause, orders that it be deferred for determination at trial. Failure by a party to raise objections or to make requests which can be made prior to trial at the time set by the Judge shall constitute waiver thereof, but the Judge for cause may grant relief from the waiver.
(L) (i) After the filings by the Prosecutor pursuant to paragraph (E), the pre-trial Judge shall submit to the Trial Chamber a complete file consisting of all the filings of the parties, transcripts of status conferences and minutes of meetings held in the performance of his or her functions pursuant to this Rule.
(ii) The pre-trial Judge shall submit a second file to the Trial Chamber after the defence filings pursuant to paragraph (G).
(M) The Trial Chamber may proprio motu exercise any of the functions of the pre-trial Judge.
(N) Upon a report of the pre-trial Judge, the Trial Chamber shall decide, should the case arise, on sanctions to be imposed on a party which fails to perform its obligations pursuant to the present Rule. Such sanctions may include the exclusion of testimonial or documentary evidence.
(A) After a case is assigned to a Trial Chamber, either party may at any time move before the Chamber by way of motion, not being a preliminary motion, for appropriate ruling or relief. Such motions may be written or oral, at the discretion of the Trial Chamber.
(B) Subject to paragraph (C), decisions rendered during the course of the trial on motions involving evidence and procedure (including, without limiting the generality of this Rule, orders and decisions under Rule 71, Depositions, and denials under Rule 98 bis, Motion for Judgement of Acquittal) are without interlocutory appeal. Such decisions may be assigned as grounds for appeal from the final judgement.
(C) The Trial Chamber may certify that an interlocutory appeal during trial from a decision involving evidence or procedure is appropriate for the continuation of the trial. If such certification is given, a party may appeal to the Appeals Chamber without leave.
(D) Decisions on all other motions are without interlocutory appeal save with the leave of a bench of three Judges of the Appeals Chamber which may grant such leave
(i) if the decision impugned would cause such prejudice to the case of the party seeking leave as could not be cured by the final disposal of the trial including post-judgement appeal;
(ii) if the issue in the proposed appeal is of general importance to proceedings before the Tribunal or in international law generally.
(E) Applications for leave to appeal shall be filed within seven days of the filing of the impugned decision. Where such decision is rendered orally, this time-limit shall run from the date of the oral decision, unless
(i) the party challenging the decision was not present or represented when the decision was pronounced, in which case the time-limit shall run from the date on which the challenging party is notified of the oral decision; or
(ii) the Trial Chamber has indicated that a written decision will follow, in which case the time-limit shall run from filing of the written decision.
[N.B. Former paragraphs (B) (slightly amended) and (C) become paragraphs (D) and (E).]
A) Prior to the commencement of the trial, the Trial Chamber shall hold a Pre-Trial Conference.
(B) In the light of the file submitted to the Trial Chamber by the pre-trial Judge pursuant to Rule 65 ter (L)(i), the Trial Chamber may call upon the Prosecutor to shorten the estimated length of the examination-in-chief for some witnesses.
(C) In the light of the file submitted to the Trial Chamber by the pre-trial Judge pursuant to Rule 65 ter (L)(i), the Trial Chamber, after having heard the Prosecutor, shall set the number of witnesses the Prosecutor may call.
(D) After commencement of the trial, the Prosecutor may, if he or she considers it to be in the interests of justice, file a motion to reinstate the list of witnesses or to vary
his or herthe decision as to which witnesses are to be called.
(E) After having heard the Prosecutor, the Trial Chamber shall determine the time available to the Prosecutor for presenting evidence.
(F) During a trial, the Trial Chamber may grant the Prosecutors request for additional time to present evidence if this is in the interests of justice.
(A) Prior to the commencement by the defence of its case the Trial Chamber may hold a Conference.
(B) In the light of the file submitted to the Trial Chamber by the pre-trial Judge pursuant to Rule 65 ter (L)(ii), the Trial Chamber may call upon the defence to shorten the estimated length of the examination-in-chief for some witnesses.
(C) In the light of the file submitted to the Trial Chamber by the pre-trial Judge pursuant to Rule 65 ter (L) (ii), the Trial Chamber, after having heard the defence, shall set the number of witnesses the defence may call.
(D) After commencement of the defence case, the defence may, if it considers it to be in the interests of justice, file a motion to reinstate the list of witnesses or to vary
itsthe decision as to which witnesses are to be called.
(E) After having heard the defence, the Trial Chamber shall determine the time available to the defence for presenting evidence.
(F) During a trial, the Trial Chamber may grant a defence request for additional time to present evidence if this is in the interests of justice.
Medical Examination of the Accused
A Trial Chamber may, proprio motu or at the request of a party, order a medical, psychiatric or psychological examination of the accused. In such a case, unless the Trial Chamber otherwise orders, the Registrar shall entrust this task to one or several experts whose names appear on a list previously drawn up by the Registry and approved by the Bureau.
Testimony of Witnesses
(A) Every witness shall, before giving evidence, make the following solemn declaration: "I solemnly declare that I will speak the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth".
(B) A child who, in the opinion of the Chamber, does not understand the nature of a solemn declaration, may be permitted to testify without that formality, if the Chamber is of the opinion that the child is sufficiently mature to be able to report the facts of which the child had knowledge and understands the duty to tell the truth. A judgement, however, cannot be based on such testimony alone.
(C) A witness, other than an expert, who has not yet testified shall not be present when the testimony of another witness is given. However, a witness who has heard the testimony of another witness shall not for that reason alone be disqualified from testifying.
(D) Notwithstanding paragraph (C), upon order of the Chamber, an investigator in charge of a partys investigation shall not be precluded from being called as a witness on the ground that he or she has been present in the courtroom during the proceedings.
(E) A witness may object to making any statement which might tend to incriminate the witness. The Chamber may, however, compel the witness to answer the question. Testimony compelled in this way shall not be used as evidence in a subsequent prosecution against the witness for any offence other than false testimony.
(F) The Trial Chamber shall exercise control over the mode and order of interrogating witnesses and presenting evidence so as to
(i) make the interrogation and presentation effective for the ascertainment of the truth; and
(ii) avoid needless consumption of time.
(G) The Trial Chamber may refuse to hear a witness whose name does not appear on the list of witnesses compiled pursuant to Rules 73 bis (C) and 73 ter (C).
(H) (i) Cross-examination shall be limited to the subject-matter of the evidence-in-chief and matters affecting the credibility of the witness and, where the witness is able to give evidence relevant to the case for the cross-examining party, to the subject-matter of that case.
(ii) In the cross-examination of a witness who is able to give evidence relevant to the case for the cross-examining party, counsel shall put to that witness the nature of the case of the party for whom that counsel appears which is in contradiction of the evidence given by the witness.
(iii) The Trial Chamber may, in the exercise of its discretion, permit enquiry into additional matters.
[N.B. Former paragraph (G) now becomes paragraph (H).]
Transfer of a Detained Witness
(A) Any detained person whose personal appearance as a witness has been requested by the Tribunal shall be transferred temporarily to the detention unit of the Tribunal, conditional on the persons return within the period decided by the Tribunal.
(B) The transfer order shall be issued by a permanent Judge or Trial Chamber only after prior verification that the following conditions have been met:
(i) the presence of the detained witness is not required for any criminal proceedings in progress in the territory of the requested State during the period the witness is required by the Tribunal;
(ii) transfer of the witness does not extend the period of detention as foreseen by the requested State.
(C) The Registrar shall transmit the order of transfer to the national authorities of the State on whose territory, or under whose jurisdiction or control, the witness is detained. Transfer shall be arranged by the national authorities concerned in liaison with the host country and the Registrar.
(D) The Registrar shall ensure the proper conduct of the transfer, including the supervision of the witness in the detention unit of the Tribunal; the Registrar shall remain abreast of any changes which might occur regarding the conditions of detention provided for by the requested State and which may possibly affect the length of the detention of the witness in the detention unit and, as promptly as possible, shall inform the relevant Judge or Chamber.
(E) On expiration of the period decided by the Tribunal for the temporary transfer, the detained witness shall be remanded to the authorities of the requested State, unless the State, within that period, has transmitted an order of release of the witness, which shall take effect immediately.
(F) If, by the end of the period decided by the Tribunal, the presence of the detained witness continues to be necessary, a permanent Judge or Chamber may extend the period on the same conditions as stated in paragraph (B).
Determination by the President
The President shall, upon such notice, determine, in consultation with the permanent Judges, whether pardon or commutation is appropriate.