to the Rules of Procedure and Evidence"
23 December 2002
By decision of the Judges at the Twenty-seventh plenary session of the International Tribunal held on 12 December 2002, the following Rules of the Rules of Procedure and Evidence of the International Tribunal ("Rules") are amended:
|Rule 2 – definition of "State"||English and French|
|Rule 15 (C) and (D)||English and French|
|Rule 15 bis (A), (C), (D) and (E)||English and French|
|Rule 28 (C) & (D)||French only|
|Rule 43||English and French|
|Rule 51 (A)||English and French|
|Rule 54 bis (C)||English and French|
|Rule 65 bis (C)||English and French|
|Rule 68||French only|
|Rule 72 (E)||English and French|
|Rule 75 (C) and (H)||English and French|
|Rule 94 bis (B)||English and French|
|Rule 116 bis (A)||French only|
Where possible, the amendments have been highlighted in the text of this document.
Pursuant to Rule 6 (D), these amendments shall enter into force seven days after the date of issue of this official document, i.e., on 30 December 2002. Document IT/32/Rev. 26, incorporating both these amendments and those contained in IT/210, will be issued in both languages as soon as possible.
The full texts of the amended Rules are set out in the Annex to this document.
Chair of the Rules Committee
twenty-third day of December 2002
At The Hague
(i) A State Member or non-Member of the United Nations;
(ii) an entity recognised by the constitution of Bosnia and Herzegovina, namely, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republika Srpska; or
(iii) a self-proclaimed entity de facto exercising governmental functions, whether recognised as a State or not;
Disqualification of Judges
(A) A Judge may not sit on a trial or appeal in any case in which the Judge has a personal interest or concerning which the Judge has or has had any association which might affect his or her impartiality. The Judge shall in any such circumstance withdraw, and the President shall assign another Judge to the case.
(B) Any party may apply to the Presiding Judge of a Chamber for the disqualification and withdrawal of a Judge of that Chamber from a trial or appeal upon the above grounds. The Presiding Judge shall confer with the Judge in question, and if necessary the Bureau shall determine the matter. If the Bureau upholds the application, the President shall assign another Judge to sit in place of the disqualified Judge.
(C) The Judge of the Trial Chamber who reviews an indictment against an accused, pursuant to Article 19 of the Statute and Rules 47 or 61, shall not be disqualified for sitting as a member of the Trial Chamber for the trial of that accused. Such a Judge shall also not be disqualified for sitting as a member of the Appeals Chamber, or as a member of a bench of three Judges appointed pursuant to Rules 65 (D) or 72 (E), to hear any appeal in that case.
(D) (i) No Judge shall sit on any appeal or as a member of a bench of three Judges appointed pursuant to Rules 65 (D) or 72 (E) in a case in which that Judge sat as a member of the Trial Chamber.
(ii) No Judge shall sit on any State Request for Review pursuant to Rule 108 bis in a matter in which that Judge sat as a member of the Trial Chamber whose decision is to be reviewed.
(i) a Judge is, for illness or other urgent personal reasons, or for reasons of authorised Tribunal business, unable to continue sitting in a part-heard case for a period which is likely to be of short duration, and
(ii) the remaining Judges of the Chamber are satisfied that it is in the interests of justice to do so,
those remaining Judges of the Chamber may order that the hearing of the case continue in the absence of that Judge for a period of not more than five working days.
(i) a Judge is, for illness or urgent personal reasons, or for reasons of authorised Tribunal business, unable to continue sitting in a part-heard case for a period which is likely to be of short duration, and
(ii) the remaining Judges of the Chamber are not satisfied that it is in the interests of justice to order that the hearing of the case continue in the absence of that Judge, then
(a) those remaining Judges of the Chamber may nevertheless conduct those matters which they are satisfied it is in the interests of justice that they be disposed of notwithstanding the absence of that Judge, and
(b) the Presiding Judge may adjourn the proceedings.
(C) If, by reason of death, illness, resignation from the Tribunal, or non-reelection, a Judge is unable to continue sitting in a part-heard case for a period which is likely to be longer than of a short duration, the Presiding Judge shall report to the President who may assign another Judge to the case and order either a rehearing or continuation of the proceedings from that point. However, after the opening statements provided for in Rule 84, or the beginning of the presentation of evidence pursuant to Rule 85, the continuation of the proceedings can only be ordered with the consent of the accused, except as provided for in paragraph (D).
(D) If, in the circumstances mentioned in the last sentence of paragraph (C), the accused withholds his consent, the remaining Judges may nonetheless decide to continue the proceedings before a Trial Chamber with a substitute Judge if, taking all the circumstances into account, they determine unanimously that doing so would serve the interests of justice. This decision is subject to appeal directly to a full bench of the Appeals Chamber by either party. If no appeal is taken or the Appeals Chamber affirms the decision of the Trial Chamber, the President shall assign to the existing bench a Judge, who, however, can join the bench only after he or she has certified that he or she has familiarised himself or herself with the record of the proceedings. Only one substitution under this paragraph may be made.
(E) Appeals under paragraph (D) shall be filed within seven days of filing of the impugned decision. When such decision is rendered orally, this time-limit shall run from the date of the oral decision, unless
(i) the party challenging the decision was not present or represented when the decision was pronounced, in which case the time-limit shall run from the date on which the challenging party is notified of the oral decision; or
(ii) the Trial Chamber has indicated that a written decision will follow, in which case, the time-limit shall run from filing of the written decision.
French version amended.
Recording Questioning of Suspects
Whenever the Prosecutor questions a suspect, the questioning shall be audio-recorded or video-recorded, in accordance with the following procedure:
Withdrawal of Indictment
(A) The Prosecutor may withdraw an indictment:
- at any time before its confirmation, without leave;
- between its confirmation and the assignment of the case to a Trial Chamber, with the leave of the Judge who confirmed the indictment, or a Judge assigned by the President; and
- after the assignment of the case to a Trial Chamber, by motion before that Trial Chamber pursuant to Rule 73.
(B) The withdrawal of the indictment shall be promptly notified to the suspect or the accused and to the counsel of the suspect or accused.
(C) (i) A decision by a Judge or a Trial Chamber under paragraph (B) or (E) shall be subject to:
(a) review under Rule 108 bis; or
(b) appeal with the leave of a bench of three Judges of the Appeals Chamber which may grant such leave
(1) if the impugned decision would cause such prejudice to the party seeking leave to appeal as could not be cured by the final disposal of the trial including post-judgement appeal; or
(2) if the issue in the proposed appeal is of general importance to proceedings before the Tribunal or in international law generally.
(ii) Applications for leave to appeal under paragraph (i) shall be filed within seven days of filing of the impugned decision. Where such decision is rendered orally, this time-limit shall run from the date of the oral decision, unless
(a) the party challenging the decision was not present or represented when the decision was pronounced, in which case the time-limit shall run from the date on which the challenging party is notified of the oral decision; or
(b) the Trial Chamber has indicated that a written decision will follow, in which case, the time-limit shall run from filing of the written decision.
(A) A Trial Chamber or a permanent Trial Chamber Judge shall convene a status conference within one hundred and twenty days of the initial appearance of the accused and thereafter within one hundred and twenty days after the last status conference:
(B) The Appeals Chamber or an Appeals Chamber Judge shall convene a status conference, within one hundred and twenty days of the filing of a notice of appeal and thereafter within one hundred and twenty days after the last status conference, to allow any person in custody pending appeal the opportunity to raise issues in relation thereto, including the mental and physical condition of that person.
(C) With the written consent of the accused, given after receiving advice from his counsel, a status conference under this Rule may be conducted
(i) in his presence, but with his counsel participating either via tele-conference or video-conference; or
(ii) in Chambers in his absence, but with his participation via tele-conference if he so wishes and/or the participation of his counsel via tele-conference or video-conference.
French version amended.
(E) An appeal brought under paragraph (B)(i) may not be proceeded with if a bench of three Judges of the Appeals Chamber, assigned by the President, decides that the appeal is not capable of satisfying the requirement of paragraph (D), in which case the appeal shall be dismissed.
(A) A Judge or a Chamber may, proprio motu or at the request of either party, or of the victim or witness concerned, or of the Victims and Witnesses Section, order appropriate measures for the privacy and protection of victims and witnesses, provided that the measures are consistent with the rights of the accused.
(B) A Chamber may hold an in camera proceeding to determine whether to order:
(i) measures to prevent disclosure to the public or the media of the identity or whereabouts of a victim or a witness, or of persons related to or associated with a victim or witness by such means as:
(a) expunging names and identifying information from the Tribunal’s public records;
(b) non-disclosure to the public of any records identifying the victim;
(c) giving of testimony through image- or voice- altering devices or closed circuit television; and
(d) assignment of a pseudonym;
(ii) closed sessions, in accordance with Rule 79;
(iii) appropriate measures to facilitate the testimony of vulnerable victims and witnesses, such as one-way closed circuit television.
(C) The Victims and Witnesses Section shall ensure that the witness has been informed before giving evidence that his or her testimony and his or her identity may be disclosed at a later date in another case, pursuant to Rule 75 (F).
(D) A Chamber shall, whenever necessary, control the manner of questioning to avoid any harassment or intimidation.
(E) When making an order under paragraph (A) above, a Judge or Chamber shall wherever appropriate state in the order whether the transcript of those proceedings relating to the evidence of the witness to whom the measures relate shall be made available for use in other proceedings before the Tribunal.
(F) Once protective measures have been ordered in respect of a victim or witness in any proceedings before the Tribunal (the "first proceedings"), such protective measures:
(i) shall continue to have effect mutatis mutandis in any other proceedings before the Tribunal (the "second proceedings") unless and until they are rescinded, varied or augmented in accordance with the procedure set out in this Rule; but
(ii) shall not prevent the Prosecutor from discharging any disclosure obligation under the Rules in the second proceedings, provided that the Prosecutor notifies the Defence to whom the disclosure is being made of the nature of the protective measures ordered in the first proceedings.
(G) A party to the second proceedings seeking to rescind, vary or augment protective measures ordered in the first proceedings must apply:
(i) to any Chamber, however constituted, remaining seised of the first proceedings; or
(ii) if no Chamber remains seised of the first proceedings, to the Chamber seised of the second proceedings.
(H) Before determining an application under paragraph (G)(ii) above, the Chamber seised of the second proceedings shall obtain all relevant information from the first proceedings, and shall consult with any Judge who ordered the protective measures in the first proceedings, if that Judge remains a Judge of the Tribunal.
(I) An application to a Chamber to rescind, vary or augment protective measures in respect of a victim or witness may be dealt with either by the Chamber or by a Judge of that Chamber, and any reference in this Rule to "a Chamber" shall include a reference to "a Judge of that Chamber".
(A) The full statement of any expert witness to be called by a party shall be disclosed within the time-limit prescribed by the Trial Chamber or by the pre-trial Judge.
(B) Within thirty days of disclosure of the statement of the expert witness, or such other time prescribed by the Trial Chamber or pre-trial Judge, the opposing party shall file a notice indicating whether:
(i) it accepts the expert witness statement; or
(ii) it wishes to cross-examine the expert witness; and
(iii) it challenges the qualifications of the witness as an expert or the relevance of all or parts of the report and, if so, which parts.
(C) If the opposing party accepts the statement of the expert witness, the statement may be admitted into evidence by the Trial Chamber without calling the witness to testify in person.
French version amended.