Tribunal Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Page 1309

 1                           Monday, 23 February 2009

 2                           [Open session]

 3                           [The accused entered court]

 4                           --- Upon commencing at 9.01 a.m.

 5                           [The witness entered court]

 6             JUDGE PARKER:  Good morning.

 7             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Good morning.

 8             JUDGE PARKER:  The affirmation you made at the beginning of your

 9     evidence to tell the truth still applies, Mr. Peraj.

10             Mr. Djordjevic.

11             MR. DJORDJEVIC:  Thank you, Your Honour.

12                          WITNESS:  NIKE PERAJ [Resumed]

13                           [Witness answered through interpreter]

14                           Cross-examination by Mr. Djordjevic:  [Continued]

15        Q.   Good morning, Mr. Peraj.  I will not be taking too much of your

16     time.  I told you my next topic is Mr. Seregj Perovic.  This is the man,

17     you say you mentioned him for the first time in the Milutinovic case, and

18     after that this person appears in your statement after the amendments

19     that you wanted to do.  You wanted to amend Major Zivkovic, the name that

20     was there, and you wanted it replaced with Seregj Perovic.  You explained

21     to us who he was, and you explained to us why you didn't do that before,

22     and why, in fact, the first time that you did it was in the Milutinovic

23     case.  And you say the first reason was of a humanitarian nature.  That

24     person assisted, helped 100 people survive.  You said that there were

25     more than 100 people who saw you with him and that people to this day

Page 1310

 1     asked you to say thank you to Seregj Perovic for what he did.

 2             You said that the second reason why you never mentioned his name

 3     was the fact that he had called you on the phone and asked you to forget

 4     about his name, to cut a long story short.

 5             Now, my short question is regarding Sergegj Perovic is this:  Why

 6     did you do that in the Milutinovic case if you were so certain that this

 7     man assisted your compatriots and if you new that this man risked his

 8     life.  You described this man as a humane person, and he had asked you to

 9     -- not to reveal his name, yet you betrayed him in a way.  So what was

10     the motive for that?  Could you please tell us.

11        A.   First, I've not betrayed anyone.  I mentioned his name because,

12     in my opinion, the circumstances, the political circumstances have

13     changed, so I thought that his life was no longer at risk.  This is the

14     reason.

15        Q.   Is it something that you thought, or did you talk to him and did

16     he tell you that?

17        A.   No, he did not say that to me.

18        Q.   I will have no other questions regarding Seregj Perovic.

19             Now could you please look at paragraph 70 of your statement of

20     the 8th and 9th of August.  It's already been admitted into evidence.  It

21     says --

22             THE INTERPRETER:  Interpreter's note:  Could the counsel please

23     slow down when reading.

24             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation]

25        Q.   Paragraph 70, you can see this paragraph.  You say:

Page 1311

 1             "I was on the KLA list for liquidation and the MUP obtained it in

 2     the course of a search in Dobos.  I was shown this list by

 3     Captain Perovic."

 4             Could you please tell me, have you ever learned why you were on

 5     that list, what was the reason?  And is it, indeed, true that you were on

 6     this list?

 7        A.   This I learned from Seregj Perovic.  I have not seen the list

 8     myself.

 9             JUDGE PARKER:  I am not able to find the paragraph,

10     Mr. Djordjevic.  Paragraph 70?

11             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Nor can I.

12             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation] That's correct, Your Honour.

13     Just a moment.

14             Well, I obviously provided you with the wrong reference, but to

15     speed things up, I will give you the reference later, and the witness has

16     already told us that Perovic had told him that.  I will look for the

17     exact reference and provide it at a later stage, Your Honour.

18        Q.   Let me now move on to the part of your statement when you talk

19     about your amended statement that you gave on the 17th of February, 2009.

20     It's an overview of additional information.  And let me draw your

21     attention to paragraph 8 in the additional information where you talk

22     about the jerry-cans or canisters.  And you say in the third and the

23     sixth sentence in the statement that I already quoted, it says:

24              "Major Zivkovic should be replaced by Captain First Class Seregj

25     Perovic."

Page 1312

 1             That's between the seventh and eighth sentence.  The additional

 2     sentence should be added:  "About 2 or 3 metres away from the bodies I

 3     saw two jerry-cans with fuel and a heap torn documents, ID cards and

 4     passports."

 5             That's paragraph 73 of the statement that you gave previously and

 6     that you then amended.

 7             Now I'm going to ask you to answer this:  Why is it that you do

 8     that for the first time today, that you mention that you saw those

 9     jerry-cans there; and secondly, the ID cards?  Since this is a very

10     important piece of information when we're talking about the allegations

11     in the indictment, you've never mentioned that before.

12        A.   Can I respond?

13             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes.

14             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I have mentioned it already

15     earlier.  I don't know exactly in which statement, because I have given

16     several statements to the Tribunal investigators, so I don't remember to

17     whom.  But what I know is that I've already mentioned it earlier.

18             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation]

19        Q.   Secondly, let us move on to paragraph 85 of the same statement

20     and the supplement, the additional information, that you provided on the

21     17th of February, 2009, to the Court.  You say in paragraph 85:

22             "Some of the witnesses mentioned in Meje, before executing

23     people, the Serbs would spray a gas to incapacitate the victims before

24     execution.  I did see one of the paramilitary soldiers carrying a gas

25     mask near the execution site."

Page 1313

 1             And then you go on to say:

 2             "I never saw any gas canisters in Meje to confirm this

 3     allegation, but I'm convinced that the Serbs used them ..." and so on.

 4             In the supplement, paragraph 6, third sentence, you say:

 5              "The third sentence in paragraph 85 should read:  'I never saw

 6     any jerry-cans with fuel in Meje to confirm this, but I'm sure that the

 7     Serbs used them.'"

 8             And you say that this sentence should read as follows:

 9              "Three jerry-cans with fuel that I saw in Meje ..."

10             THE INTERPRETER:  Could the counsel please repeat the last part

11     of his sentence.

12             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation]

13        Q.   So your evidence here is not consistent, so could you please tell

14     us what is it all about?  You talk about fuel canisters or jerry-cans in

15     the supplement paragraph 8, and then you say in paragraph 85 of your

16     statement of the 8th and 9th of August that you heard that those were gas

17     canisters.  And then again in supplement, in paragraph 16, although you

18     see in paragraph 85 that you never saw those canisters, now you say that

19     you did see them.  And then I'm asking you to explain --

20             JUDGE PARKER:  We've had at least six questions now.  You're

21     going on and on with questions.  And I would also point out that on

22     Friday you asked for five extra minutes, we said you could have ten.  You

23     have now have 15.  So clarify your canisters, and that will be it.

24             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation] This is my last question.

25             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes.

Page 1314

 1             MR. DJORDJEVIC:  This is my last question.

 2        Q.   [Interpretation]  So now I would like you to explain those

 3     illogicalities in your statements, the discrepancies between your initial

 4     statement and the additional statements.  So are we talking about

 5     jerry-cans or canisters with fuel or gas canisters?  What is it that you

 6     actually saw?  Could you please tell us that.

 7        A.   They're canisters with fuel or benzene, but I'm not talking about

 8     them.  I'm talking about canisters with toxic gas, chemical gas, to

 9     poison people.  This is a very small canister.  They wanted to spray the

10     son of my brother.  This is what I wanted to explain to you.  If you can

11     allow me to continue.

12             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes.

13             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I could tell you that the coffins

14     of the people who were -- that the bodies of the people who were

15     executed, the bodies which were lying near the cemetery, I did not see

16     the bodies, but I saw the blood spots and the blood streams.  They seemed

17     to be like the stains made by a football ball.  They were big stains of

18     blood, the size of a football ball.

19             So I assumed that if they did not use such a gas, then during the

20     execution, the people would have fallen on the left or on the right.  But

21     actually, they were all lined up.  Also, the blood spots would not have

22     been lined in three lines.  They were symmetrical, just -- they had the

23     same size.

24             The blood on the grass of the meadow was dry, and in that place

25     there was no grass for two years.  I was personally told by

Page 1315

 1     Major Zivkovic that the gas was used.  He was in Meje on that day, but he

 2     was not with me.  He was with another team.  So he confirmed this to me.

 3     Also, the son of my brother talked to me about this.

 4             In my declaration I have said that I've not seen people using it.

 5     I've not seen people holding such cans.  As far as the gas masks are

 6     concerned, then I could tell you that I've seen the soldier, a

 7     paramilitary, with a gas mask.  I have also seen other people with gas

 8     masks which they had tied to their right foot, the gas masks.

 9             JUDGE PARKER:  Now, Mr. Djordjevic, there was quite a bit given

10     there that didn't directly flow from your question.  If you want to ask

11     some further question from that answer, you may before you need to sit

12     down.

13             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.  My

14     question will be this:  Why has the witness never mentioned that at all,

15     the ID cards?  And he was quite specific about not having seen the

16     canisters.  Why does he now change his evidence and say that he did see

17     them?  Because he's never said that before, yet he signed the statement.

18     And it is quite clearly stated there that he had never seen them, and yet

19     in the supplement he changes everything, and why does he again say the

20     same thing today in court?

21             JUDGE PARKER:  Can you assist us there, please, Mr. Peraj?

22             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I did mention this

23     before in my statement.  I'm more than sure I did.  I am saying this.

24             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation]

25        Q.   I have to interrupt you.  Please look at paragraph --

Page 1316

 1        A.   The Honourable Judge can maybe interrupt my --

 2        Q.   Mr. Peraj, can you please look at paragraph 85.

 3             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation] Judges, I don't want to get

 4     answers to questions that I never asked.  That is why I would like the

 5     witness to look at paragraph 85 of the statement that he gave and that he

 6     signed, and to tell me why is it that he said this at that time and then

 7     changed his statement in the supplement and now.  This is my last

 8     question, if the witness wants to give me an answer.  Could he please

 9     look at the statement and then --

10             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Djordjevic, I will put the question.

11             In paragraph 85, Mr. Peraj, you said:  "I never saw gas canisters

12     in Meje to confirm this, but I am convinced that the Serbs used them."

13     Did you see gas canisters?

14             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Your Honour, yes, I did see them

15     with my own eyes, and you can hold me morally, legally, responsible for

16     my claim.

17             JUDGE PARKER:  Where were you when you saw them, the gas

18     canisters?

19             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I was in Meje.  Just close to the

20     bodies was a pile of documents that had been burnt down, and there was

21     one small canister near the pile of documents and two other gas canisters

22     a little bit further away, thrown on the grass.

23             JUDGE PARKER:  Can you then tell us how you came to say in this

24     statement in paragraph 85 that "I never saw gas canisters in Meje"?

25             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I honestly don't know.  I did

Page 1317

 1     mention that before.  When all my statements were summarised into one,

 2     maybe there was a change, not a deliberate change.  But believe me, what

 3     I'm telling you here now is true, and you can hold me responsible for

 4     that.  I'm 100 percent sure that that was the case.  I saw them myself.

 5             JUDGE PARKER:  And it is also your belief that you had said this

 6     in earlier statements, is that correct, that you had seen the canisters?

 7             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes, I did mention it in my earlier

 8     statements.

 9             JUDGE PARKER:  And you don't know how this change occurred in

10     paragraph 85 for you to say "I never saw gas canisters in Meje"?

11             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] As I said, I was a little bit

12     confused with the interpretation - gas canisters, fuel canisters.  It is

13     true that you can carry fuel and petrol in canisters.  There are -- there

14     is also gas used to burn bodies, and I did mention that I did not see

15     such type of gas.  This canister can hold 10, 20 litres in it, and I did

16     not see that type of canister.

17             JUDGE PARKER:  Did you see fuel canisters, fuel cans, in Meja,

18     holding benzene, petrol?

19             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] That's why the word "canister" is a

20     little bit confusing.  I did not see fuel cans or petrol cans in Meje.

21                           [Trial Chamber confers]

22             JUDGE PARKER:  Well, Mr. Djordjevic, I think we have reached the

23     end, well and truly the end of the time that you should spend in the

24     cross-examination, so thank you very much.

25             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.  I just

Page 1318

 1     wanted to note that in the supplement the witness again spoke about fuel

 2     cans, not about gas canisters, in paragraph 8 and further on in the

 3     supplement.  That's all.  Thank you.

 4             JUDGE PARKER:  That's a matter we can look at in due course.

 5             Do we have an exhibit number for the statement of the 17th of

 6     February, 2009, the supplement or the amendment of the earlier statement?

 7             MR. STAMP:  No, Your Honours.  That was just a supplementary

 8     information sheet containing what the witness said in proofing which we

 9     gave to the Defence, so we alerted him in chief to the change that he

10     wanted to make to the statement.

11             JUDGE PARKER:  As it has been the subject of the continuing

12     questioning, Mr. Stamp, you might, in the course of your re-examination,

13     think to tender that so we can understand better what was being put to

14     the witness, because we have not seen it so far.

15             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour.

16             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes.

17             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation] I know that this is not usual

18     practice for the supplementary statements given by the witnesses to be

19     tendered into evidence.  That is why we did not put it on our list of

20     documents to be tendered and it's not in e-court.  But in order for the

21     Trial Chamber to get a full picture of this cross-examination, we will

22     seek to tender this into evidence, and we will upload it into e-court.

23             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you, Mr. Djordjevic.  I was hoping that

24     Mr. Stamp had it already in his e-court list.  Not so?

25             MR. STAMP:  No, Your Honour.

Page 1319

 1             JUDGE PARKER:  Well, then, we'll very much accept

 2     Mr. Djordjevic's offer.  Thank you.  And it will be received, and it will

 3     receive an exhibit number when you're able to tender it, and the

 4     Court Officer might now indicate the number it will receive.

 5             THE REGISTRAR:  That will be D00034, Your Honours.

 6             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you.

 7             Now, Mr. Stamp.

 8             MR. STAMP:  Thank you very much, Your Honours.

 9                          Re-examination by Mr. Stamp:

10        Q.   Good morning, Mr. Peraj.

11        A.   Good morning.

12        Q.   When you were speaking of canisters that you saw, or a canister

13     that you saw, what type of canister are you referring to?

14        A.   These canister were of a size usually used in medicine for those

15     who have problems with breathing.  They were very small.  In my opinion,

16     they obtained toxic gas with a short-term use of effect.

17        Q.   And this is precisely what you told us in your statement.

18        A.   This is what I said.

19             JUDE PARKER:  What statement was that --

20             MR. STAMP:  That was the statement of the 8th and 9th of August,

21     2006, which is Exhibit --

22     JUDGE PARKER:  And where is the reference?

23             MR. STAMP:  Paragraph 85, in the last sentence he said his

24     nephew --

25             JUDGE PARKER:  Can I point out that the earlier reference in

Page 1320

 1     paragraph 85 which has been the subject of questioning, Mr. Stamp --

 2             MR. STAMP:  Yes, Your Honours.

 3             JUDGE PARKER:  -- was in the physical context of the execution

 4     site, and then what you are now referring to is a check-point at another

 5     place and another time that day where a policeman, or someone, was seen

 6     with a canister and about to administer the incapacitating agent.

 7             MR. STAMP:  Yes, Your Honour, I just wanted for the moment for

 8     that question.  Thank you very much, Your Honour, to establish that he

 9     was referring to, I think, to an incapacitating agent.  I'll get to the

10     place presently.

11        Q.   It was put to you today that you had never spoken about seeing

12     any gas canister at Meja before you made the change on the 17th of

13     February when you spoke with attorneys from the OTP.  I'd like to read to

14     you part of a transcript of your testimony on the 15th of August, 2006.

15     You were asked:

16             "Do you still claim that gas was used in Meje?"

17             MR. STAMP:  And may I just give the reference, I don't think we

18     should put the hundreds of pages of transcripts into testimony.  I would

19     just like to give the reference.  This is page 1713 of the transcript in

20     the Milutinovic et al case, and I'm quoting from paragraphs 10 to 18.

21     And this is just to rebut the allegation that he recently, very recently,

22     17th of February this year, said that he saw a canister.

23        Q.   The question put to you was:  "Do you still claim that gas was

24     used in Meje?"

25             And the answer:  "Yes, I still abide by my claim for these

Page 1321

 1     reasons.  Number 1, the person, I mentioned I changed the name, and I

 2     explained the reasons that I changed the name.  He said he could smell an

 3     unusual smell, which is a chemical smell."

 4             The second reason -- I'm sorry.

 5             "He said he could smell an unusual smell, which was a chemical

 6     smell."

 7             "The second reason is that I saw with my own eyes a small

 8     canister.  It was just like the one that people, people who suffer from

 9     asthma use.  It was that size."

10             Do you recall saying that three years ago almost?

11        A.   Yes.

12        Q.   Thank you.  If we could move on to something else quickly.  You

13     said, in answer to a question that my friend asked, that you did not

14     report to Major Djosan the crimes that you witnessed on the 27th and the

15     28th because the person you were with and others must have reported them

16     to him.  Why do you say in the context of what was happening that they

17     must have reported to him what was happening?

18        A.   Because a commander has his own assistant for morale and

19     political issues, for security issues, assistant for information,

20     assistant for personnel, so these were structures within the army that

21     are duty-bound to report.  And that's why I am more than sure that they

22     must have informed him.  If I, as an Albanian, informed him for Albanian

23     victims, I don't think that -- I don't think that that would have gone on

24     well.  But, as I said, in a conversation with him -- a conversation with

25     him, he did express his concerns about what was going on.

Page 1322

 1        Q.   You said that over the period of time you were in Djakovica,

 2     Major Djosan initiated proceedings against various persons.

 3        A.   [In English] Colonel, colonel, colonel.

 4        Q.   Excuse me, Colonel Djosan initiated proceedings against some VJ

 5     members of crimes, i.e., looting and theft, et cetera.  What happened to

 6     these cases that Colonel Djosan brought against these people?

 7        A.   [Interpretation] As far as I know, five persons were convicted.

 8     I don't know about others being convicted, though.  However, those who

 9     were convicted were released after a short time, and this was upon

10     somebody's orders.  This would be my answer.

11        Q.   If we could move on to the paramilitaries.  You said that Arkan's

12     men, or the members of the Arkan unit, were always in the company of the

13     police.  Is this something that you observed yourself, or were you told

14     about it?

15        A.   This is something I observed myself, especially in Meje, and at

16     every check-point.  There was a check-point at Brekoc, and whenever I

17     would pass by, I would see such persons there.  But in Meje I saw them

18     with my own eyes.

19             I will mention one thing to you.  I did not see paramilitaries at

20     the command post in Duzhnje, not even near the command itself.  But in

21     Meje, in Orize, yes, I did.

22        Q.   You said that Seselj's units were also involved in Meja and in

23     Korenica, and you went on to say that they were also in the town of

24     Djakovica itself, looting houses and setting them alight.  Can you just

25     elaborate further on what was happening in Djakovica with Seselj's unit?

Page 1323

 1     When, that is approximately when, and what did they do?

 2        A.   They lived and were stationed in the town itself, near the

 3     location where we were as an army.  I could see them in a cafe just close

 4     to the army centre.  They were in action, so to say, the whole night.

 5     Every night they will loot, and then in the morning they would sleep

 6     late, until 2.00, 3.00 p.m.  You could not see them in the morning.

 7     Afterwards they would gather again in this cafe.  They would sing

 8     nationalist songs, and then they would go out for action again.

 9             I saw with my own eyes the houses that were burnt near the bus

10     station.  In the morning -- in the evening, correction, police or people

11     dressed in police uniforms were standing by the asphalt road, while these

12     men were involved in burning the houses down.

13              I requested from Colonel Milos Djosan that something be

14     undertaken against this, because this location was very close to the army

15     location.  But he said to me, This is not your business and not our

16     business at all; this is somebody else's business.

17             As you can see, I didn't provide so many details in the past

18     because I wasn't asked about the details.  That's why I'm telling you

19     that I know what I'm saying, and you can hold me responsible morally and

20     legally for my claims here.

21        Q.   Do you know of the police in Djakovica doing anything to restrain

22     the paramilitaries in these activities that they were conducting - I

23     think you called them actions - in these actions that they were

24     conducting?

25        A.   To my knowledge, no.

Page 1324

 1        Q.   In respect to the Frenkis, you said that they had a special -- or

 2     Frenki was a commander for special unit, a special anti-terrorist unit.

 3     Was his unit affiliated to any official organisation, as far as you know,

 4     that is, Frenki's unit?

 5        A.   I had heard even before that this unit joined these operations

 6     based on an agreement between the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of

 7     the Interior.  There was an agreement, just like in Bosnia and Croatia.

 8     There was a previous agreement.  However, later on, as far as I know,

 9     these agreements were not abided by properly.

10        Q.   Let's turn and focus on Colonel Kovacevic, who you said became

11     the chief of the SUP, that is, the secretariat of the interior for

12     Djakovica municipality and the neighbouring municipalities.  You said

13     that he was assigned to coordinate the actions of the MUP with the

14     paramilitaries, and you also said that the MUP supported and coordinated

15     their actions, or supported and coordinated the actions of the

16     paramilitaries, and you saw this especially in Meja and in the town of

17     Djakovica.

18             Could you elaborate a little bit further.  What, to your

19     understanding, was Colonel Kovacevic's role in coordinating the

20     paramilitaries and the MUP?

21        A.   If there was no cooperation, no agreement, the MUP would then

22     prevent the actions undertaken by these forces.  This is the proof.  The

23     MUP would prevent their actions and their crimes.  Same can be said for

24     the army.  They would prevent the actions.  Why, then, they did not

25     prevent these structures from undertaking such inhumane actions, criminal

Page 1325

 1     actions?  There were sufficient military and police forces to prevent

 2     their activities, the activities of these groups.

 3        Q.   Thank you.  You did tell us that police were present at the bus

 4     station while Seselj's Eagles were setting people's houses alight.  You

 5     also said yesterday, and I think I should just read this question:

 6              "Do you have any knowledge of Frenki's men participating in any

 7     actions?"

 8             And your answer was:  "I did not hear an operation in which the

 9     parties participated on their own."

10             When they participated in actions, with whom would they normally

11     act?  You said he did not participate on their own, so I assume you mean

12     this acted in coordination with another organisation.  What are you

13     referring to?

14        A.   To my knowledge, they did not operate on their own.  They were in

15     coordination mainly with the police but with the army as well, especially

16     with the intelligence and secret service structures of these two

17     organisations.  This is what I know.

18        Q.   Now, as a result of the -- or in light of what you described was

19     happening in Djakovica, and that is the actions of the various

20     paramilitaries, sometimes in the presence of the police, did the civilian

21     Albanian population of Djakovica remain in the town after the 25th of

22     March, 1999?  Or during the NATO intervention, did the civilian Albanian

23     population of Djakovica town remain there?

24        A.   The majority of the population as a whole, Albanian and other

25     ethnicities, was in Gjakove and the surrounding villages.  There were

Page 1326

 1     also groups of civilians who left during this period of time.  However,

 2     the greatest exodus was in April 1999.

 3             MR. STAMP:  Your Honours, with your leave, I'd like to show to

 4     the witness a photograph of a person and ask him if he recognises that

 5     person or if that person is related to him.

 6             JUDGE PARKER:  I take it this arises out of cross-examination,

 7     Mr. Stamp?

 8             MR. STAMP:  Yes, Your Honour.

 9             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes.

10             MR. STAMP:  He was asked to describe, and if I tell you where it

11     arises, I'll be hinting to the witness where --

12             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes, go ahead.

13             MR. STAMP:  Could you show it to the Defence counsel before

14     you ...

15             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation] Objection, Your Honour.

16             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Djordjevic.

17             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation] I wonder why this document has

18     not been tendered earlier and it's only being done today, so that is the

19     basis for our objection.

20             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you.  Mr. Stamp has indicated already that

21     he's doing it because of specific questions put by you, so we should

22     allow him to continue.

23             MR. STAMP:  Thank you, Your Honours.

24        Q.   Mr. Peraj, could you have a look at that photograph and tell me

25     if the person depicted in it is familiar to you.

Page 1327

 1        A.   It seems to me that I must have seen this person, but I do not

 2     recall who he is.

 3        Q.   You were asked to describe the general that you saw at the MUP

 4     field headquarters, the general in charge of the special forces --

 5             MR. DJORDJEVIC:  Your Honour.

 6             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes, Mr. Djordjevic.

 7             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation] The witness has said -- the

 8     witness said that he couldn't recognise the person in the photograph, and

 9     now the Prosecutor is leading him by these words that he's just said to

10     describe or to actually name the person, and that is the basis for our

11     objection.  The witness clearly said that he couldn't recognise the

12     person, he couldn't remember who it was.

13             JUDGE PARKER:  I was waiting a moment longer, Mr. Stamp, because

14     it was not altogether clear what your line of questioning now is, but it

15     certainly bears the interpretation suggested by Mr. Djordjevic.

16             MR. STAMP:  Yes, Your Honour.

17             JUDGE PARKER:  Is that what you're about, still pursuing the

18     identity of the person in the photograph?

19             MR. STAMP:  Yes, Your Honour.

20             JUDGE PARKER:  Well, you've had the witness's answer, haven't

21     you?

22             MR. STAMP:  Yes, Your Honour, he says it looks like someone he

23     knows, but he cannot --

24             JUDGE PARKER:  No, he said:  "I must have seen this fellow, but I

25     don't know --"

Page 1328

 1             MR. STAMP:  "... but I don't recall who he is."

 2             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes.

 3             MR. STAMP:  I'm trying to refresh his memory.

 4             JUDGE PARKER:  Well, I think you'll have to leave that alone,

 5     Mr. Stamp.

 6             MR. STAMP:  Very well, Your Honour.

 7             JUDGE PARKER:  Is that the end of your re-examination?

 8             MR. STAMP:  That was my last question.

 9             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you.

10                           [Trial Chamber confers]

11             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Peraj, you'll be pleased to know that that

12     concludes the questions for you.  The Chamber would thank you for your

13     attendance here and the assistance you've given.  In particular, we

14     regret that it was necessary for you to stay over the weekend, but the

15     additional evidence you've been able to give this morning will be of

16     assistance to us.  So you are now free to return to your wife and your

17     ordinary activities, and we thank you for your assistance.  And the

18     Court Officer will show you out.

19             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.  I wish you

20     good work.

21                           [The witness withdrew]

22             JUDGE PARKER:  The next witness, if I understand correctly,

23     Mr. Stamp or Mr. Neuner -- Mr. Neuner.

24             MR. STAMP:  Yes, Mr. Neuner will be leading the next witness.

25             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you.  Is one that has protective measures;

Page 1329

 1     is that correct?  Because of that, it will be necessary for us to adjourn

 2     to enable those to be put in place.

 3             Before we do, we would point out that the time anticipated in the

 4     Prosecution list for this witness was one hour.  I mention that because,

 5     for all witnesses to date, the Prosecution has spent one and a half to

 6     two times longer than anticipated with the witness, and it will be

 7     necessary for us to give closer attention to timing.

 8             So, Mr. Neuner, we've put you on notice.  And of course we will

 9     be conscious of the time spent in cross-examination as well because to

10     date we have completed 11 witnesses in just over four weeks.  At that

11     rate of progress, this will be a very, very long trial, and we need now

12     to, as things are getting more organised and everybody is becoming more

13     familiar with the case and the issues that may be important, we will

14     expect counsel to be able to focus more positively and concisely on the

15     issues that really do matter in the case, and so we anticipate that the

16     rate of progress will now become much quicker.  And we encourage counsel

17     to that end, and we will be monitoring progress from now on much more

18     closely.  And if we detect that time is being spent on matters that seem

19     to be of little or no real importance in the case, we will be intervening

20     to urge counsel to get on to matters that do matter.

21             Now, having said that, looking at the time, I think the practical

22     course for us would be to have the half-hour break now rather than the

23     20 minutes that would be necessary to put the security measures in place.

24     And if we have a half-hour break now, we should be able to have two clear

25     sessions of about an hour and a quarter for the rest of the sitting.

Page 1330

 1             Very well.  We'll adjourn now, resuming at 10.30.

 2                           --- Recess taken at 10.00 a.m.

 3                           --- On resuming at 10.36 a.m.

 4             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Neuner.

 5             MR. NEUNER:  Good morning.

 6             The next witness is K90.  He is a protected witness, and has next

 7     to the pseudonym image and voice distortion, Your Honours.

 8             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you very much.

 9             The witness is about to come in, so we'll move into closed

10     session to enable that.

11                           [Closed session]

12   (redacted)

13   (redacted)

14   (redacted)

15   (redacted)

16   (redacted)

17   (redacted)

18   (redacted)

19   (redacted)

20   (redacted)

21   (redacted)

22   (redacted)

23   (redacted)

24   (redacted)

25   (redacted)

Page 1331

 1   (redacted)

 2                           [Open session]

 3             THE REGISTRAR:  We're in open session, Your Honours.

 4             MR. NEUNER:  With the assistance of the usher, could I have the

 5     pseudonym sheet distributed first to the witness.

 6                           Examination by Mr. Neuner:

 7        Q.   And, Witness, just read it and -- read it silently.  Don't read

 8     it out aloud, please, and tell us whether you agree with it.

 9        A.   Yes.

10             MR. NEUNER:  Could you please show it to the Defence as well.  I

11     would ask that this be tendered.  The 65 ter number is 2631.  And I would

12     ask that it be tendered under seal, Your Honours.

13             JUDGE PARKER:  It will be received under seal.

14             THE REGISTRAR:  That will be P00319, under seal, Your Honours.

15             MR. NEUNER:  Could we now please have 65 ter 2646 being displayed

16     to the witness.

17        Q.   Witness, it is correct you gave initially a statement in

18     December 2002, didn't you?

19        A.   I can't remember the month, but that may be the case, yes.

20        Q.   And when you came ...

21                           [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

22             MR. NEUNER:  Maybe it is advisable to move into closed session

23     because the first page of this statement which is being displayed may

24     reveal the witness's name, Your Honour.

25             JUDGE PARKER:  We have just arranged not to display the statement

Page 1332

 1     beyond this courtroom.

 2             MR. NEUNER:  Okay.  Thank you very much, Your Honours.

 3        Q.   When you gave this statement, Witness -- if you have a look at

 4     it, it is displayed in front of you on the screen.  We see the date is

 5     31st of January, 2007.  This is the last day of your testimony in the

 6     Milutinovic case.  Is it correct that you made some changes already

 7     during the Milutinovic case to your statement?

 8        A.   Yes.

 9        Q.   And when you came a few days ago, you had some additional

10     changes; is that correct?

11        A.   Correct.

12        Q.   I want to walk you briefly through these changes, which we are

13     doing here just on the record.

14             MR. NEUNER:  Could we go in English and B/C/S to page 6, please.

15        Q.   And I'm referring you to paragraph 29.  You told us in the second

16     sentence that you wanted to have the word "Brigade" changed to "within my

17     battalion."  Is this correct?

18        A.   Correct.

19             MR. NEUNER:  If we could go in English to page 7 and B/C/S to

20     page 8, please, and I'm referring now, if it comes, to paragraph 42, the

21     fifth sentence.  Actually, in English we need --

22             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I don't have that.

23             MR. NEUNER:  One moment.  In English we need to go to the next

24     page, please.  It's page 8, then.  Yes.  If we could maybe focus here in

25     English on paragraphs 42 to 43, if I could impose my goodwill on the

Page 1333

 1     usher.  I think that's enough.  Yeah.

 2        Q.   I'm referring to the fifth sentence here.  The word which is used

 3     there is "expel" and is it correct that you told us that you wanted to

 4     have the word "expel" changed to "relocate" in the fifth sentence?

 5        A.   Yes.

 6             MR. NEUNER:  And I'm now moving on to paragraph 43, the first and

 7     the third sentence, and I'm more or less referring here only to the B/C/S

 8     version because the English appear to be correct.

 9        Q.   You told us that you wanted to have the verb "proterivanje,"

10     which means expel in English, be replaced with the word "premestiti"

11     which means relocate; correct?

12        A.   Yes, Correct.

13             MR. NEUNER:  And this would -- if we could swap in B/C/S to the

14     next page, please, paragraph 44.

15        Q.   This same change you told us would also apply to the first

16     sentence in paragraph 44.

17             MR. NEUNER:  Sorry, we have only English versions now.  We would

18     need the B/C/S version here, yeah.  Correct.

19             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Djurdjic.

20             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.  I'm

21     following the changes that are being made now, in accordance with the

22     supplementary information that I received.

23             Under Roman numeral I, the last paragraph is 43.  Mr. Neuner now

24     moved on to 44.  That's why I rose to ask what was this all about.  I

25     simply don't know.  There is no such paragraph under Roman numeral I in

Page 1334

 1     this information.  Thank you.

 2             MR. NEUNER:  I can clarify this very briefly.  If you look, my

 3     learned colleague, if you look at the fourth hyphen, it starts with

 4     paragraph 43, the first and third sentences which I have just corrected,

 5     and paragraph 44, first sentence.

 6             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] I do apologise, but in the

 7     translation provided to me by the OTP - I don't know about the English

 8     version; I'll have a look now - I do not have a paragraph 44, just

 9     paragraph 43.  I do apologise.  Could I please just have a look.  I've

10     found the English version, too, Your Honour.  Roman numeral I, you don't

11     have paragraph 44 either.  Well, let's see what the witness is going to

12     change and then -- well, let's see, rather, what he's going to state, and

13     then we'll proceed, will we?  What do you say to that?

14             JUDGE PARKER:  The Chamber doesn't have these corrections at all,

15     but what Mr. Neuner had indicated is that the same change would be made

16     in paragraph 44 which had been made in paragraph 43, so it's the same

17     change repeated.

18             MR. NEUNER:  Yeah.  We have ERNed our supplementary information

19     sheet, and I believe the ERN version has been communicated to you.  I

20     have the English version in front of me, which, in the fourth hyphen,

21     contains these references to paragraph 43, first and third sentence; and

22     paragraph 44, first sentence.

23             JUDGE PARKER:  Would you move on to deal with 44, then, and we'll

24     see if there's still a problem.

25             MR. NEUNER:  Yeah.  It is, as Your Honour has pointed out, indeed

Page 1335

 1     the same change.

 2        Q.   If you look at paragraph 44, the first sentence, in B/C/S you

 3     wanted to have changed the word "proterivanje" to "promestiti."

 4        A.   That's right.

 5        Q.   Yeah.  In English it means basically from -- we change from

 6     "expel" to "relocate."  And if we could go back to your last change,

 7     which is paragraph 43, the third sentence.

 8             MR. NEUNER:  In the B/C/S version we'd need to go back now,

 9     please, one page.  If you could highlight this, yes.

10        Q.   The third sentence, you wanted to have the phrase "sve primoramo"

11     replaced by "im naredimo."

12        A.   Yes.

13        Q.   With these changes being undertaken, can I take that the

14     statement now adequately reflects what you have stated and observed in

15     1999, in April?

16        A.   Yes.

17             MR. NEUNER:  Could I ask, Your Honours, with this explanation

18     given, that 02646, the statement of the witness, could be tendered under

19     seal, and we have also prepared for public version 02652, which contains

20     some redactions, Your Honours.  Could I ask that both statements be

21     tendered.

22             JUDGE PARKER:  The statements will be received with the

23     redactions in one version, and the unredacted version, under seal, for

24     the other.

25             THE REGISTRAR:  The under-seal version, Your Honours, will be

Page 1336

 1     assigned P00320, under seal.  And the redacted version will be under

 2     P00321, Your Honours.

 3             MR. NEUNER:

 4        Q.   I now would like to move on to your testimony, which has the 65

 5     ter number 5118.  As I mentioned earlier, it was given on three days from

 6     the 29th to the 31st of January, 2007, in the Milutinovic case.  Would

 7     you agree that the statements we just tendered, together with this

 8     testimony, accurately reflect what you would have -- what you would say

 9     if you give your testimony orally before this Court today?

10        A.   For the most part, yes.

11        Q.   The testimony is the protocol, verbatim protocol.  That's why I

12     believe it's exactly what you have said.  So I hope you agree that it

13     doesn't only reflect for the most part but that it, indeed, reflects

14     everything you said.

15        A.   The interpreter said "zapitnik," and I don't understand that.

16     What was meant by that, "zapisnik"?  I don't know.

17        Q.   What I wanted to ask, and I'll rephrase, did the testimony from

18     the Milutinovic case reflect precisely and accurately what you have

19     testified to in 2007 about the incidents in April 1999?

20        A.   Yes.

21             MR. NEUNER:  With this explanation given -- I see my learned

22     colleague on his feet.

23             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes, Mr. Djurdjic.

24             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I do apologise.

25     Perhaps the time is not right, but I believe it is.  There is a problem

Page 1337

 1     in relation to 92 ter statements that are being admitted.  What we get

 2     from the OTP is a list of exhibits that will be used, or, rather,

 3     exhibits that they will introduce through the witness, but they don't

 4     provide us with the 92 ter statement.  So now we are admitting the

 5     Milutinovic transcript and the statement.

 6             The Defence does not prepare in the same way if only one

 7     statement is admitted or both.  If the Trial Chamber believes that my

 8     proposal is appropriate, could the Prosecution please mark the statements

 9     that they are going to introduce as 92 ter statements.  Thank you.

10             JUDGE PARKER:  I'm not sure that I fully understand the problem.

11             Do you, Mr. Neuner?

12             I gather that Mr. Djurdjic is saying he hasn't received a copy of

13     the statements and of the transcript of evidence which you're now

14     tendering.

15             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] I do apologise, Your Honour.  You

16     didn't quite understand me.  What we get is a list of exhibits that the

17     Prosecutor is going to use, but the Prosecutor does not mark the

18     statement that will be tendered through Rule 92 ter.  It's not marked.

19     They give us four or five statements that will be used, but they don't

20     say which one is going to be tendered as a 92 ter statement, whether it's

21     going to be one, two, three, or four statements.  For example, we had one

22     statement of Witness Nike Peraj that was a 92 ter statement, but there

23     were two or three others one there as well.

24             Thank you.  I think that you have understood what I'm saying

25     right now.

Page 1338

 1             JUDGE PARKER:  And I think Mr. Neuner now does as well.

 2             MR. NEUNER:  I wish to reply briefly.  Because I'm aware about

 3     the time, and I'm almost afraid I can't make it within one hour now with

 4     all these objections.

 5             On the point, we have submitted a list and the 65 ter number,

 6     which I've also read out this morning, 2646, contained the following

 7     description:  "Amended Rule 92 ter statement of K-6," it said in the

 8     description.  We also provided the dates, including the date 31st of

 9     January, 2007, to this one.

10             This is a Rule 92 ter witness, Your Honour.  We have notified the

11     Court in our filings about the fact that the status of this witness is a

12     92 ter witness, and we believe this, in itself, is self-explanatory.

13             JUDGE PARKER:  The important thing for the future, Mr. Neuner,

14     and I'm sure that you and Mr. Stamp with Mr. Djurdjic and

15     Mr. Djordjevic, can get a system that is clear and simple working, but

16     the Defence seeks to be able to know which of the exhibit statements you

17     provide is going to be the actual 92 ter statement.  So if we can just

18     leave it with you and Mr. Djurdjic to be sure that in future that is

19     clear to the Defence.

20             MR. NEUNER:  Okay.

21             JUDGE PARKER:  And now move on with speed, Mr. Neuner.

22             MR. NEUNER:  Thank you.

23             Have I asked that the testimony with the 65 ter number 5118 is

24     being tendered into evidence.

25             JUDGE PARKER:  It will be received, and that will need to be

Page 1339

 1     under seal?

 2             MR. NEUNER:  Yes, please, Your Honour.

 3             THE REGISTRAR:  That will be P00322, under seal, Your Honours.

 4             MR. NEUNER:  I will briefly read out the summary.

 5             "The witness, K90, is a VJ insider who was stationed in Djakovica

 6     in spring 1999.  He was a military policeman in the 2nd Battalion of the

 7     549th Motorised Brigade.  His unit ordered Albanian villagers from

 8     villages around Djakovica to leave their homes based on his commander's

 9     order to relocate them.

10             "The witness relates that in late April 1999 the VJ secured the

11     area around the villages of Korenica and Meje.  Around 400 additional PJP

12     policemen arrived.  The witness also saw some Frenki soldiers.  The

13     police entered the villages and fired randomly into houses.  The witness

14     saw burnt homes.  As a result, large columns of refugees formed along the

15     roads to Djakovica.

16             "The witness observed that policemen separated Albanian men from

17     women and led the men to a nearby yard.  He saw several groups led to his

18     house and heard shots -- led to this house and heard shots.  Once he

19     approached this yard where he was told by policemen that they were

20     slaughtering Siptars.  In a small house on the yard, he saw bodies

21     covering the ground.  Before leaving the police set fire to houses within

22     the yard where Albanians had been killed.

23             "The witness also accompanied some wounded VJ soldiers and a

24     column of Albanian civilians towards Djakovica."

25             If we could briefly move to private session, Your Honours.

Page 1340

 1             JUDGE PARKER:  Private.

 2                           [Private session]

 3   (redacted)

 4   (redacted)

 5   (redacted)

 6   (redacted)

 7   (redacted)

 8   (redacted)

 9   (redacted)

10   (redacted)

11   (redacted)

12   (redacted)

13   (redacted)

14   (redacted)

15   (redacted)

16   (redacted)

17   (redacted)

18   (redacted)

19   (redacted)

20                           [Open session]

21             THE REGISTRAR:  We're in open session, Your Honours.

22             MR. NEUNER:

23        Q.   Among the command line, to whom did Mr. Nenad Nesovic report to?

24        A.   In the battalion, Major Vukovic.  As for the security line,

25     someone in Prizren.  I don't know who.

Page 1341

 1        Q.   And Mr. Vukovic, what was his exact position?

 2        A.   The commander of the 2nd Battalion of the 549th Motorised

 3     Brigade.

 4        Q.   And Mr. Vukovic reported to whom?

 5        A.   To then Colonel Delic, Bozidar Delic.

 6        Q.   And he was holding which position?

 7        A.   Commander of the 549th Motorised Brigade.

 8        Q.   And to whom did Mr. Delic report to in 1999?

 9        A.   The corps commander.

10        Q.   Of which corps and what is it --

11        A.   The Pristina Corps.  The Pristina Corps, the commander was

12     General Lazarevic.

13             MR. NEUNER:  I want to now have a map, 615.04 being displayed,

14     please.  And while this is being done, could we move to private session

15     briefly.

16             JUDGE PARKER:  Private.

17                           [Private session]

18   (redacted)

19   (redacted)

20   (redacted)

21   (redacted)

22   (redacted)

23   (redacted)

24   (redacted)

25   (redacted)

Page 1342











11  Page 1342 redacted. Private session.















Page 1343

 1   (redacted)

 2   (redacted)

 3   (redacted)

 4   (redacted)

 5   (redacted)

 6   (redacted)

 7                           [Open session]

 8             THE REGISTRAR:  We are in open session, Your Honours.

 9             MR. NEUNER:

10        Q.   You mention in your statement that the police arrived.  When

11     roughly, that day when you were at the command post, did the police

12     arrive?

13        A.   Some police were already there, but others arrived around 7.00.

14     I don't know exactly what time it was, but thereabouts, 7.00, 7.30.

15        Q.   In the morning or in the evening?

16        A.   In the morning.

17        Q.   And how did these additional policemen arrive?

18        A.   They arrived on buses.

19        Q.   How many buses?

20        A.   About ten, plus or minus.  Around ten, as far as I could see.

21        Q.   And how many persons were in each of these ten buses?

22        A.   Well, I cannot really claim with any certainty, but about 40 of

23     them.  If they also had weapons and equipment with them, it would have

24     been around 40 -- 35 to 40 men.

25        Q.   Thirty-five to 40 men per bus?  Could you clarify, please.

Page 1344

 1        A.   That's correct.  That's right.

 2        Q.   And where did you see these buses going to?  Could you mark that

 3     on the map.

 4        A.   Well, yes.  From Djakovica, headed towards Korenica, that was one

 5     group; whereas the other one was somewhere from this area, but I couldn't

 6     go any further up because I'm not sure.  But it's approximately how far

 7     the buses could actually reach.  Further on they couldn't go anymore.

 8        Q.   Could you mark on both arrows which you have just drawn a 2.

 9        A.   [Marks]

10        Q.   In paragraph 48, the second sentence of your statement, you talk

11     about the police, and you say, I quote, "They entered into villages and

12     randomly fired into homes."  Which villages are you referring to here?

13        A.   I'm referring to Korenica primarily because that's what I did

14     see.  But it's possible that the other villages were also involved, but I

15     was speaking of Korenica specifically.

16        Q.   And you're stating "they randomly fired."  What do you mean by

17     "randomly"?

18        A.   Well, they stopped the vehicle, and then they would fire at the

19     house which was there.  They would fire with a machine-gun.  This was not

20     a classic combat vehicle, military vehicle, but it was like a jeep, an

21     all-terrain vehicle, and they had a machine-gun mounted on it at that

22     point.

23        Q.   Could you describe the colour of the vehicle?

24        A.   It was the green military drab, camouflage.  I can't describe it

25     precisely.

Page 1345

 1        Q.   And who was operating the machine-gun?

 2        A.   The policeman who was on the vehicle, so the policeman fired from

 3     the vehicle.

 4        Q.   At that moment was there any outgoing fire from Korenica village

 5     proper?

 6        A.   No.

 7        Q.   The whole morning, did you see any outgoing fire coming from

 8     Korenica, being directed outside, outwards?

 9        A.   No.

10        Q.   In paragraph 53 of your statement, you state, "Houses were

11     burning all around."  Could you describe where you saw burning houses

12     that morning?

13        A.   It was on the approaches to Korenica village, the first part, the

14     area that you can see here.  All the houses were burning, including the

15     one that was right here, the first house, up to this line here, which is

16     as far as I went.

17        Q.   You have marked now at the eastern border of Korenica some bold

18     stricken line.  Could you mark below that bold line a number 3, please.

19        A.   [Marks]

20        Q.   How far away from the burning houses was the command post where

21     you were?

22        A.   I cannot say with certainty, but about 120, 130 metres, maybe

23     less.  If we look at the first house that was here toward the command

24     post, that house would have been around 100 metres from the command post,

25     and the other houses were about 120 to 150 metres away.

Page 1346

 1        Q.   After the houses burned that day, did you ever at a later point

 2     in time return to Korenica?

 3        A.   Yes, a few days later, five, six, maybe ten days later, I did

 4     return.  I don't know exactly what the date was.

 5        Q.   And how did the houses you saw in the village of Korenica, how

 6     did the houses look like there?

 7        A.   Well, they were totally charred.  There were no roofs anymore.

 8     They weren't really livable anymore, the houses.

 9        Q.   What do you mean by "livable"?

10        A.   Well, that means that they were with no roof; there were no

11     windows or doors.  Everything that could be consumed in a fire was

12     consumed.

13        Q.   In paragraph 63, the second sentence of your statement, you're

14     mentioning "I travelled with an ambulance," and you say, and I quote, "On

15     the way I recall seeing some bodies on the side of the road near the

16     entrance of Korenica."  Could you mark for us the location where you saw

17     these bodies by drawing a circle.

18        A.   Not on the side of the road.  They were in the first house that I

19     mentioned earlier, next to this fence here, in this part, at the very --

20     by the very entrance or approach to the village, maybe some 50 metres

21     from the village itself.  So the bodies were next to a fence there.

22        Q.   Could you -- I know it's already relatively populated, the map,

23     but could you try to mark it with a circle next to which you please add

24     the number 4.

25        A.   Well, there's a blot here, but let me try and draw it.  It's

Page 1347

 1     right here.

 2        Q.   And could you roughly mark a circle.  Because you haven't marked

 3     a circle yet.

 4        A.   Well, I did mark a circle.  You can see it here.

 5        Q.   Okay.  What type of clothes wore the dead persons, the four dead

 6     persons, that day?

 7        A.   I can't recall the colour or what clothes they had on, but they

 8     were civilians, that's for sure.  They didn't have uniforms on.

 9        Q.   Did you see any weapons lying next to the dead persons or in the

10     hands of the dead persons?

11        A.   No.  No.

12        Q.   You also talk in your statement about two soldiers which were

13     wounded and which you had to retrieve that day.  Could you mark with a

14     circle, adding the letter Q to it, where these two wounded soldiers were.

15        A.   Well, as there's a big blot here, I'll try to draw it.  It should

16     be on this thick line here, but I will mark it here, and it's

17     approximately right there.

18             MR. NEUNER:  Just for the explanation, because it's getting

19     fuller and fuller, the witness has, below the road leading from Djakovica

20     to Korenica, below the arrow which he has indicated with number 2, marked

21     another circle and added below that circle the letter Q.

22        Q.   With regard to paragraph 52 of your statement, you state that 500

23     displaced Albanian people from Korenica were proceeding in a column.

24     Could you indicate by drawing an arrow in which direction the column of

25     people from Korenica was moving.

Page 1348

 1        A.   I didn't say that there were 500 people in one column.  I said

 2     they were in several groups of 10, 20, or 30 people, and this was on

 3     several occasions.  So they weren't all coming at once, together.  And

 4     here, where I drew this house, well, let me draw this line here, so it

 5     was there.  And also from this other side.

 6        Q.   Can you -- can you, taking the arrow coming from Korenica, can

 7     you, at the beginning of the line leading to the arrow, mark the

 8     letter B, please, because there is some space left.  The map is getting

 9     fuller.

10        A.   [Marks]

11        Q.   Thank you.  And this second arrow, I will just describe for the

12     record.  You have marked a line coming from Orize, hitting the main road

13     from Korenica towards Djakovica.  Is that accurate?

14        A.   That's correct.

15        Q.   Could you, maybe in the vicinity of the word "Orize" mark a C

16     next to that line, if it's possible.

17        A.   Orize.

18             MR. NEUNER:  Actually, maybe could I impose the goodwill of the

19     usher, I wanted to make it 1:1, as the witness had marked it in his

20     statement, but the letter C is so far away now.  The map is too full.

21     Could I ask the usher to remove the C, because it's too far away.

22             It's not possible?

23        Q.   Okay, If it's not possible, could you from the letter C draw an

24     arrow towards the direction in which the column was moving.

25             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Djurdjic.

Page 1349

 1             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I did not want to

 2     intervene earlier, regardless of what these markings looked like.  The

 3     witness wrote and marked what he said, and he marked it, and I think that

 4     there is no reason to delete it, although the Prosecutor considers it

 5     necessary.  Thank you.

 6             JUDGE PARKER:  The C is remaining and something further is being

 7     marked, as I understand it.

 8             MR. NEUNER:

 9        Q.   If it is possible, could you -- could you just explain what you

10     mean by C.  What -- you were talking about two columns.  The column of

11     Korenica we had.  What did you want to indicate what you meant by the

12     letter C?  Could you just explain for the record.

13        A.   C is the Orize village.  That's where the column was moving from

14     the crossing in Orize towards the main road that was leading to Korenice

15     and Junik.

16        Q.   Okay.  Then in paragraph 54 and 55 of your statement, you

17     mentioned that there were 30 policemen at the crossroad A who separated

18     men from women and took them to the yard.  Could you, first of all,

19     indicate where you believe the crossroad A was?

20             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Neuner, we have now got a map marked with so

21     many things that it's going to be extremely difficult to make sense of

22     it.  If you want other positions marked, I think you need to start afresh

23     on a new map.

24             MR. NEUNER:  I would ask that the map is then being tendered

25     right now, Your Honours.

Page 1350

 1             JUDGE PARKER:  It will be received.

 2             THE REGISTRAR:  That will be P00323, Your Honours.

 3             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I just want to make

 4     sure we don't get into a problem.  My colleague Neuner began describing

 5     some letters referring to a map that is not this map but the map attached

 6     to the statement, and we had no opportunity to see that exhibit.  And

 7     also the witness did not reply to that question because of Your Honour's

 8     intervention, and I just wanted to point out that if he were to answer

 9     the question relating to paragraphs 54 and 55, then we should see the map

10     where those letters are marked, and I think this is in statement 4626

11     that was adopted or, rather, tendered as a 65 ter document.

12             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you for that, Mr. Djurdjic, but what I

13     believe Mr. Neuner is about to do is to start with a clean map and have

14     the position of those policemen at crossroad A marked on the new map, so

15     I think that that should make it clear.

16             MR. NEUNER:  Could I just ask that after -- this map is obviously

17     being tendered now, that we have the same map and the same enlargement

18     again, please.  It could even be a much broader enlargement.  Just -- we

19     don't need Djakovica, no.  I think that's perfectly suitable.

20        Q.   Could you mark again with a circle the location of the VJ command

21     post and add a "VJ" to the circle.

22        A.   [Marks]

23        Q.   Thank you.

24             Could you now mark the crossroad where you saw 30 policemen by

25     drawing a circle around the crossroad and adding a letter A south of it.

Page 1351

 1        A.   [Marks]

 2        Q.   Could you mark a letter A below the circle.

 3        A.   [Marks]

 4        Q.   Thank you.

 5             And could you now mark with the letter E, for Emil, where you

 6     believe the yard was to which the policemen took the separated men.

 7        A.   [Marks]

 8             MR. NEUNER:  The witness, for the record, has marked east of the

 9     crossroad a circle with a letter E on top of it.  The letter E is not

10     very legible.

11        Q.   How many groups did you see being taken there at the end of April

12     that day, 1999?

13        A.   And it wasn't that far.

14        Q.   Okay.  But could you answer my question:  How many groups did you

15     see being led to this yard, which was not far away from the crossroad, at

16     the end of April 1999?

17        A.   If we bear in mind that I was there three or four times, that

18     means that this one group that came -- that arrived the latest, I can't

19     tell you exactly how many men there were.  But as they came, they would

20     release some men, and some they would bring in.  And what I could see was

21     that they had brought at least three to four groups there.  Well, some

22     were going in one direction; others in another.  In any case I wasn't

23     really watching this because that wasn't my job.  But there were

24     certainly three to four groups, including the last group of which I'm

25     certain that did go there.

Page 1352

 1        Q.   So three to four groups at least.  Could you say how many men,

 2     roughly, were in each of these groups?

 3        A.   Well, it's very difficult now to tell you, because it was a

 4     general commotion there at the crossroads, so I can't really tell you how

 5     many people were there, how many men.  But I'm sure, and I'm certain for

 6     this last group, because I ran across -- I came across them as I was

 7     returning, there were about eight to ten men in the group.

 8             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Djurdjic.

 9             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, the witness said

10     "three to four groups," that's what I saw, and then my learned colleague

11     Neuner says, "So you saw at least three to four groups."  I think that's

12     inappropriate.  If we heard the witness's answer, we should just move on,

13     and I don't think anything can be accomplished by this kind of wording.

14             JUDGE PARKER:  I think it was an attempt by Mr. Neuner to reflect

15     language which had been used earlier, which was "certainly three to four

16     groups," and earlier than that it had been "at least three to four

17     groups."  They were the words of the witness, and that appears at line 2

18     of page 22, so I don't think we can be at all critical of that,

19     Mr. Djurdjic.

20             Yes, Mr. Neuner.

21             MR. NEUNER:  But I will just clarify the point raised by my

22     learned colleague.

23        Q.   Witness, how many groups do you, today, remember having seen

24     being led to that house?

25        A.   At least four.  So if I went there on three occasions and one

Page 1353

 1     group that I met on the way, so that's four groups, so at least four.

 2        Q.   You say you went there on three occasions.  What do you mean?

 3     Where did you go on three occasions?

 4        A.   The crossroads.  I meant being at the crossroads, going from the

 5     command post to the crossroads that was marked with the letter A.

 6        Q.   And whom did you see at the crossroads from the Serbian side?

 7     What persons from the Serbian side did you see at this crossroad?

 8        A.   I do not understand your questions, but if you mean policemen,

 9     yes, I did see policemen at the crossroads.  I don't know what you mean

10     by "the Serbian side."

11        Q.   I meant policemen, but I didn't want to lead you.

12             MR. NEUNER:  I want to now move into private session for a

13     moment.

14             JUDGE PARKER:  Private.

15                           [Private session]

16   (redacted)

17   (redacted)

18   (redacted)

19   (redacted)

20   (redacted)

21   (redacted)

22   (redacted)

23   (redacted)

24   (redacted)

25   (redacted)

Page 1354











11  Page 1354 redacted. Private session.















Page 1355

 1   (redacted)

 2   (redacted)

 3   (redacted)

 4   (redacted)

 5   (redacted)

 6   (redacted)

 7   (redacted)

 8   (redacted)

 9   (redacted)

10   (redacted)

11   (redacted)

12   (redacted)

13   (redacted)

14   (redacted)

15   (redacted)

16   (redacted)

17   (redacted)

18   (redacted)

19   (redacted)

20   (redacted)

21   (redacted)

22                           [Open session]

23             THE REGISTRAR:  We're in open session, Your Honours.

24                           [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

25             THE REGISTRAR:  That will be P00324, Your Honours.

Page 1356

 1             MR. NEUNER:  Could we now have Exhibit -- 65 ter number 1326 on

 2     our screens, please.

 3        Q.   I want you now to give us some description about the policemen

 4     which you saw in and around Korenica and at the yard.  We have here a

 5     photo-board containing several uniforms for you.  Could you please by

 6     looking at this, and you see the numbers here, tell the Court which type

 7     of uniform wore the policemen that arrived in the ten buses that morning?

 8             JUDGE PARKER:  There's a first question before that one,

 9     Mr. Neuner, whether the policemen who arrived that morning in the buses

10     were wearing any of the types of uniforms shown on this photo-board.

11             MR. NEUNER:  Okay, yeah.  I will proceed as suggested.

12        Q.   Could you, first of all, tell me whether the policemen were

13     wearing any type of uniform, who arrived -- the policemen who arrived

14     this morning.

15             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Djurdjic.

16             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I think that it would

17     be proper for the witness to first describe the uniforms and then to have

18     the uniforms displayed so that he could then indicate which ones he

19     recognises.  That would be the right procedure to follow, if something is

20     to be recognised.  Thank you.

21             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] May I answer?

22             JUDGE PARKER:  That would be a correct procedure, Mr. Djurdjic,

23     but the one I've suggested, I think, will suffice in the circumstances.

24     The question, though, to be asked is whether the uniforms depicted on

25     this board, whether any one of those was the type being worn that day.

Page 1357

 1             MR. NEUNER:

 2        Q.   Could I go now step by step?  Did you see any of the policemen

 3     wearing uniforms that morning?  And I'm talking to the policemen in the

 4     bus?

 5        A.   Yes.

 6        Q.   Could you describe what you saw, what colour of the uniform they

 7     had.

 8        A.   Yes, classical blue uniform with vests, combat vests, on which it

 9     said "PJP," special police unit.  That was on the back.  Well, you can't

10     really see it here.

11        Q.   I would now, just for -- to get the first questions in, move on

12     to the policemen which you saw three or four times at the crossroads.

13     You marked the crossroad as A on the map.  Did you see these policemen

14     wearing any uniform, and how would you describe it?

15        A.   Yes, just like a minute ago, but it is these under number 6 that

16     are the closest to the type of uniform that those people wore.

17        Q.   I don't want you to touch for the time being the photo-board.  I

18     want to now move on to the main policemen to whom you spoke in the yard

19     of the house you marked as E, for Emil.  Did this man wear a uniform, or

20     didn't he?  And how would you describe it?

21        A.   Yes.  Yes, like the previous ones.  Classical police uniform with

22     a combat vest.

23        Q.   Okay.  Could you now look at the photo-board in front of you,

24     and, as far as I understood you, you had summarised that they all looked

25     similar, meaning the policemen in the bus, at the crossroad, A, and in

Page 1358

 1     the yard, E --

 2             MR. NEUNER:  I can withdraw that if my learned colleague has ...

 3             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Djurdjic.

 4             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] If my colleague is withdrawing his

 5     question, then there's no reason for me to object.

 6             MR. NEUNER:  I with --

 7             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you.

 8             MR. NEUNER:  I withdraw it.

 9        Q.   Witness, I start afresh.

10             Could you, looking at this photo-board, please tell us which of

11     the uniform types, if any, resemble the closest the policemen who arrived

12     in the buses that morning?

13             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes, Mr. Djurdjic.

14             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, perhaps I'm a bit of

15     a bore, but now my learned friend, the Prosecutor, is trying to gear the

16     witness's clear answers in the direction that he wants them to be geared

17     towards.  The witness said three times what kind of uniforms the

18     policemen wore, and now my colleague is trying to deal with the policemen

19     one by one, yet again, to ask what kind of uniforms they wore.  I don't

20     think that's right.  Thank you.

21             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Neuner.

22             MR. NEUNER:  I have now followed, I believe, a proper procedure,

23     as suggested, and I have asked some founding questions relating to this

24     photo-board, and I'm now trying to finally move towards the photo-board

25     itself.

Page 1359

 1             On this photo-board there are ten different uniforms depicted.  I

 2     believe I'm now authorised to ask the witness to pick, if he can, one or

 3     several of the pictures which resemble the persons I'm talking about.

 4                           [Trial Chamber confers]

 5             JUDGE PARKER:  Continue, please, Mr. Neuner.

 6             MR. NEUNER:  Thank you, Your Honours.

 7        Q.   Now, my question was:  The policemen who arrived that morning in

 8     buses, if you look at the photo-board in front of you, which one of the

 9     pictures, if any, resembles the closest the uniforms worn by the

10     policemen in the bus?

11        A.   The one on the photograph that is marked number 6.

12        Q.   If I now move on to the about 30 policemen who were stationed

13     that day at the crossroad you marked as letter A on the map a minute ago,

14     which one of the ten pictures, if any, resembled the closest the uniform

15     worn by these 30 policemen?

16        A.   Photograph number 6.

17        Q.   If I then move on to the policemen you spoke to in the yard of

18     the house you marked as letter E on the previous map, which one of the

19     ten uniforms, if any, resembled the closest the uniforms worn by these

20     policemen?

21        A.   Photograph number 6.

22        Q.   And the other nine policemen you also saw in the yard of the

23     house marked as E, how would you describe this uniform, if you look at

24     the pictures here in front of you.

25        A.   Again, photograph number 6.

Page 1360

 1             MR. NEUNER:  I would ask that the picture is being tendered,

 2     Your Honour, the photo-board.

 3             JUDGE PARKER:  The photo-board will be received.

 4             THE REGISTRAR:  That will be P00325, Your Honours.

 5             MR. NEUNER:

 6        Q.   And could I ask you what weapons the 30 policemen wore at the

 7     crossroad A, when you passed by that day?

 8        A.   Automatic rifles that regular police officers have.

 9        Q.   And the weapons worn by the policemen in the yard you described

10     with the letter E on your map.

11        A.   Again, the same.

12        Q.   Would you be in a position to pick the type of weapon out of a

13     photo-board, if I show you one, a photo-board of weapons?

14        A.   Yes.

15             MR. NEUNER:  If I could ask that the 65 ter number 1323 is being

16     shown to this witness.  It has two pages.  We would go for the first

17     page, and after a few seconds I would ask that it be -- the page is being

18     flipped.  I'm sorry, it was 1324.  If we could, now that we have had a

19     few seconds, move to the second page.  Yes, please.

20             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Photograph number 1.  I beg your

21     pardon, weapon number 1.

22             MR. NEUNER:

23        Q.   So we are now on the second page with the ERN number K0218271,

24     and you believe that the policemen at the crossroad and in the yard wore

25     weapon number 1, is it?

Page 1361

 1        A.   Yes.

 2        Q.   What type of weapon, if you can recall, is this?

 3        A.   Automatic rifle.  M-84 -- no, no, wait a minute.  I can't

 4     remember now.  I've forgotten.  I know, but at this moment I've forgotten

 5     totally, because I had one just like it.

 6        Q.   So you, being a member of the VJ, you also had a similar weapon;

 7     yeah?

 8        A.   I'm saying the same.

 9             MR. NEUNER:  Could I ask that this exhibit is being tendered,

10     Your Honours.

11             JUDGE PARKER:  It will be received.

12             THE REGISTRAR:  That will be P00326, Your Honours.

13             MR. NEUNER:

14        Q.   Did you observe any insignia worn by the policemen at the

15     crossroads or at -- in the yard?

16        A.   Well, it's just what they have on their sleeves and what it says

17     on the combat vests, if that's what you meant.  Yes.

18        Q.   Could you describe what was on this insignia depicted?

19        A.   Well, "Police" on the sleeve and then on the combat vest where

20     the ammunition clips in the back, where that little bag is, up there it

21     says "Posebne jedinice," or something like that.  At any rate, there is

22     big white letters, Cyrillic letters.

23        Q.   And what colour?

24        A.   Green.  Green.  The vests are green, and the uniforms are blue.

25        Q.   And the insignia, what colour?

Page 1362

 1        A.   The insignia are white on the sleeve and on the back of the vest.

 2             MR. NEUNER:  Could we have a look at Exhibit 1323, please, 65 ter

 3     number 1323.

 4             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Djurdjic.

 5             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] I do beg your pardon, Your Honour,

 6     but again we have a problem.  What is being displayed is something that

 7     is supposed to be recognised, and beforehand it has not been described,

 8     especially when we have this kind of exhibit in front of us where it is

 9     actually written what is what.  I mean, if something is being described,

10     then it should be described first and only then the witness can recognise

11     what it is that he is supposed to recognise.  I believe that that would

12     be the only right course to take.

13             JUDGE PARKER:  As I have understood it, there has been a

14     description.  Whether that description is reflected in any of these

15     pictures is another question.

16             Carry on, please, Mr. Neuner.

17             MR. NEUNER:

18        Q.   Could you indicate, among the 13 insignia here in front of you,

19     which one of these 13 closely resembles, if any, closely resembles the

20     insignia you saw that day at the policemen at the crossroad A?

21        A.   Seven.  Seven.  The rest is mostly military, as far as I could

22     see.

23        Q.   Could I also ask you, within the yard, which of the insignia worn

24     most closely resembled --

25             MR. NEUNER:  We need to have the insignia back, please.

Page 1363

 1        Q.   -- the insignia worn by the policemen in the yard?

 2        A.   Again, number 7.

 3        Q.   Thank you.  You are familiar with the other insignia.  Could you

 4     explain for us if you know any other insignia here?

 5             MR. NEUNER:  We need, please, both.

 6             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] For the most part, those that are

 7     for the army.  As for the others, well, I don't know.  The military ones,

 8     for the most part.

 9             MR. NEUNER:

10        Q.   Which one do you recognise?

11        A.   Photograph number 3, photograph number 1, photograph number 4,

12     the one that I had, too.  I don't know about the others.  Well, number 7,

13     as I've already said.  As for the others, well, these are some --

14             MR. NEUNER:  Can we have the first --

15             THE INTERPRETER:  Microphone, please.

16             MR. NEUNER:

17        Q.   Can you explain to us which unit wore insignia number 1, please?

18        A.   Oh, sorry.  Of course you can see it written here, the

19     63rd Airborne.  You can see it written there.  The question is from what

20     time this is.

21        Q.   Do you know from which time it is?

22        A.   No, no.  Well, maybe I could remember, but it's still a

23     question -- well, all of it is -- I don't know, I don't know.  I can't

24     remember.

25        Q.   Could you explain to us what number 4, insignia number 4, is?

Page 1364

 1        A.   Military police insignia.  I don't know if it's still the same.

 2     It was changed before that and after that every year, so now I really

 3     don't know which ones -- well, I mean at that moment it was this one, but

 4     now I really don't know.

 5        Q.   "At that moment," which year are you referring to?

 6        A.   The war years.  Well, that would be around, say, from the 1990s

 7     up to 1999, 2000.  It changed a lot.  While I worked for the military, at

 8     least two or three insignia were changed.  I can't even remember now.

 9        Q.   But in 1999, you, yourself, had insignia number 4?

10        A.   Number 4, that's right.  Yes, it's on the photograph there, the

11     one that I gave you.

12             MR. NEUNER:  I would seek this exhibit to be tendered,

13     Your Honours.

14             JUDGE PARKER:  It will be received.

15             THE REGISTRAR:  That will be P00326, Your Honours.

16             MR. NEUNER:

17        Q.   You mention in paragraph 66 of your statement that the policemen

18     withdrew an hour before the VJ troops.  Could you explain how the police

19     withdrew that day?

20        A.   Got onto the buses and left.

21        Q.   So how many buses did you see?  Where did the buses pick them up,

22     and where did they -- in which direction did the buses go?

23        A.   Well, the same place that they had come from but in the opposite

24     direction; the same number of buses, what I said, around ten, well, give

25     or take one or two.

Page 1365

 1        Q.   And in which direction did the buses leave?

 2        A.   Some were going from Korenica towards Djakovica.  Others passed

 3     by that crossroad where they collected those 30 or so.  They also took

 4     the road towards Djakovica.  I don't know about after that, but they took

 5     the road leading to Djakovica.

 6        Q.   And what -- in what condition was the compound, you marked as E

 7     for Emil a moment ago, when the police left?

 8        A.   Well, they burnt the house, the little house there.  The main

 9     house in the yard was not set on fire.  Only the little one that was in

10     the yard.  Actually, there was yet another one there, but it wasn't

11     really a little house.  It was something like made of wood, but that was

12     not torched.

13        Q.   Did you at any point in time return towards the house -- I'll

14     stop.  I withdraw that.  When did you, yourself, leave?

15        A.   Around 4.00 in the afternoon.  Between 3.30 and 4.00, 4.30, it

16     would be that period of time, sort of.

17        Q.   And did somebody leave with you, or you left everybody behind at

18     the command post?

19        A.   No.  We all withdrew, at that point in time, that is, all of us.

20        Q.   And the house was still burning at this point in time?

21        A.   Yes.

22        Q.   Did you at any point in time return to that house?

23        A.   Yes, the following day.

24        Q.   And what did you observe?

25        A.   Just the foundations, the other layer there, and nothing else.

Page 1366

 1     Nothing else was there.

 2        Q.   Did you see any traces of bodies which you had seen lying in the

 3     small house?

 4        A.   No, nothing, absolutely.

 5        Q.   Did you see any ashes or any burned traces?

 6        A.   Nothing, absolutely nothing.  Absolutely nothing, that is to say,

 7     absolutely nothing.

 8        Q.   Were there any troops in the area when you returned?

 9        A.   No.

10             MR. NEUNER:  I note the time.  I would just have one more map

11     which I hope to squeeze in.  If we could have Exhibit 615.4, that's the

12     map, being displayed again.

13        Q.   And I just want you to mark one area.

14             You mentioned in your statement, in paragraph 44, that your unit

15     was involved in the relocation of nine to ten villages and hamlets.

16     Could you explain to us - we don't need to have it enlarged - could you

17     explain to us, where were these nine to ten hamlets and villages located?

18        A.   I said nine to ten hamlets, not villages.  One of the villages is

19     Zub; here it is.  The other village is Brekovac, part of Brekovac,

20     rather, and the hamlets around there.  Not villages, not nine or ten

21     villages, no.  Do we understand each other now?

22        Q.   We perfectly do.  Could you roughly mark by drawing a broader

23     arrow the area where these hamlets were located, nine to ten hamlets?

24        A.   Well, everywhere around here, sort of here, and then this part,

25     and then here by the cemetery here, and here by the river.

Page 1367

 1             MR. NEUNER:  So the witness has marked some six, seven, circles

 2     where he believed that the villages -- or hamlets were.

 3             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Three, four, five, six, seven,

 4     eight.

 5             MR. NEUNER:  Yes, which were relocated.

 6        Q.   Could you tell me which time period the relocation was taking

 7     place?

 8        A.   Well, I don't know.  From the beginning of April onwards.  I

 9     can't remember exactly what the time was because, well -- in that period,

10     I mean.

11        Q.   In which year?

12        A.   1999.

13             MR. NEUNER:  I would seek this -- to tender this map,

14     Your Honours, and at this point in time the Prosecution has no further

15     questions.

16                           [Trial Chamber confers]

17             JUDGE PARKER:  This will be received, and it should be 328.

18             THE REGISTRAR:  Indeed, Your Honours.

19             JUDGE PARKER:  Could we mention that at page 34, line 19, the

20     previous exhibit, I think, is incorrectly noted as P326.  It should be

21     P327.

22             Mr. Neuner, that was an improvement over previous performances,

23     but still not within time, so there is room for continued improvement.

24             MR. NEUNER:  I got a couple of objections, Your Honour, which

25     needed time.

Page 1368

 1             JUDGE PARKER:  We are aware of that so we let you run on a

 2     little, yes.

 3             We now need to take the second break, and we'll resume at 12.30.

 4                          --- Recess taken at 12.01 p.m.

 5                           [The witness stands down]

 6                          --- On resuming at 12.33 p.m.

 7                           [Closed session]

 8   (redacted)

 9   (redacted)

10                           [Open session]

11             THE REGISTRAR:  We're in open session, Your Honours.

12             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you.

13             Mr. Djurdjic, you have some cross-examination?

14             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honours.

15                           Cross-examination by Mr. Djurdjic:

16        Q.   [Interpretation] Mr. Witness, my name is Veljko Djurdjic, and I'm

17     a member of the Defence team of the accused Vlastimir Djordjevic, and

18     Jelena Dzambazovic a member if the team is also with me, whereas

19     Mr. Djordjevic Dragoljub is absent, and his absence is excused.

20             Before we begin, since we are speaking the same language, in

21     order to be efficient, I would urge you to pay attention to the questions

22     that I put to you, wait for me to finish, and then provide an answer so

23     that the interpreters have an opportunity to interpret it in due time.

24             Mr. Witness, may I address you in this fashion?

25             I would like to start by asking you about your evidence today.

Page 1369

 1     You have made many statements, and there were many problems with all

 2     those statements, but right now at the outset I would like to put a few

 3     questions to you, and please tell me why this is so:

 4             First of all, can you -- do you have a recollection of the events

 5     that you are testifying about?  Is your recollection better now or at the

 6     time when you made your statements in December 2002?

 7        A.   Well, the changes to my statements had to do with the wording,

 8     mainly.  Generally speaking, the events that I testified about --

 9        Q.   Please, listen to my question.  I'm just asking you, is your

10     memory better today, as you are testifying, or in 2002 when you made the

11     statement?

12        A.   My memory and my recollection of the events is the same, both now

13     and then.

14        Q.   All right.  Now let me ask you something else.  You mentioned

15     several things today that you have not mentioned before, not in the

16     statements that you made to the Prosecutor on the 8th and -- 7th and 8th

17     of February, and I will point out those differences, and you tell me why

18     these omissions.

19             The first thing that you mentioned for the first time in your

20     supplemental sheet of 19 February 2009, was this vehicle with a mounted

21     machine-gun, a green-coloured vehicle, and you said that there was a

22     policeman on that vehicle.  That's the first thing.

23             The second thing you mentioned for the first time is that you

24     went back to Korenice five or six days later and then you saw what you

25     saw in the village.  And then toward the end of your evidence today, you

Page 1370

 1     said that you were also in Korenice the next day, the following day, and

 2     that's when you saw what you saw.

 3             So how do you explain this, the first mention of these things

 4     in -- on the 18th and 19th of February, 2009, and not having mentioned

 5     that before?

 6        A.   Well, let me begin with the first thing.  The house we are

 7     talking about --

 8             MR. NEUNER:  I'm sorry, can I just interrupt before the witness

 9     is answering.  I believe that this witness has not stated he went back to

10     Korenica the next days.  If I remember correctly, he stated in his

11     evidence he went back a couple of days, about a week later, to Korenica.

12             JUDGE PARKER:  That is not my recollection, Mr. Neuner.  I think

13     Mr. Djurdjic is quoting the evidence correctly.  Thank you.

14             Carry on, please, Mr. Djurdjic.  The witness was in the process

15     of answering.

16             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] May I?

17             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes, please.

18             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] So I'll start with the last

19     question.

20             The house that I mentioned -- that I marked on the map.

21             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation]

22        Q.   Mr. Witness, please just answer my questions.  There is no need

23     for you to repeat your evidence.  I quoted your words.  You said for the

24     first time the things that you mentioned in the -- to the Prosecutor on

25     the 18th and 19th, 2009.  How come you said these things for the first

Page 1371

 1     time now, without -- failing to mention them in 2002?

 2        A.   Probably no one asked me about these things.

 3        Q.   All right.

 4             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I take notes during

 5     the evidence in chief, and I put questions based on those notes, and I

 6     can only make an error by omission.  I'm just saying this for the benefit

 7     of my learned colleague Neuner.

 8   (redacted)

 9        A.   You mentioned my name.

10        Q.   I apologise.

11                           [Trial Chamber confers]

12             JUDGE PARKER:  Carry on, Mr. Djurdjic.

13             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] I apologise, Your Honours.

14        Q.   Mr. Witness, speaking of the supplemental information sheet of

15     18th or 19th February, 2009, tell me, please, have you read in the

16     Serbian language the statement that was compiled and that is part of the

17     evidence that was entered into evidence?

18        A.   When do you mean have I read it?

19        Q.   Well, on the 18th and 19th of February.

20        A.   Yes, I read it.

21        Q.   All right.  Let's move on.  You state that you were born on the

22     date as stated.  Just tell me, please, your mother and father, did you

23     live in the same household?

24        A.   As of 1983 -- as of 1983, no, but we still have a joint

25     household.  I still have a joint household with my brothers, but we all

Page 1372

 1     live in different areas.  My brother lives in one town, my other brother

 2     in another, and I live in a third place, so that's about it.

 3        Q.   Could you tell me what schools you completed?

 4        A.   High school.

 5        Q.   Where and when?

 6        A.   In 1978, 1979, in Lebane.

 7        Q.   Could you tell me, did you serve in the army immediately after

 8     your high school, or did you get a job?

 9        A.   Well, first I went to do my compulsory military service.  Yes,

10     that was first.

11        Q.   Could you tell me, sir, when and where did you complete your

12     military service, and what is your military specialty?

13        A.   I was in Lebane.  In 1981, I finished, I completed my military

14     service.  I was serving on the border at the time.  My military specialty

15     at the time was 11-107.  And when I was employed in the army, I was in

16     the military police, and my military specialty was VES-101, or 11-101, I

17     think.

18             JUDGE PARKER:  Mr. Djurdjic, we are getting a lot of potentially

19     identifiable material.  If you're pursuing this line, we should move into

20     private session.  The witness is protected and no identifying material

21     should be in the public record.

22             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I understood, but I

23     thought that these were general questions that cannot identify the

24     witness because every man who -- every healthy man of military age serves

25     in the army.  But I will be careful, and I will address Your Honours with

Page 1373

 1     a special request for a closed session if there are some details that are

 2     going to be revealed by the witness that could identify him.

 3        Q.   Now, Witness, please, you answered my question, but just tell me

 4     this:  When you returned from the army, where were you -- where were your

 5     military records?

 6        A.   In Lebane.

 7        Q.   Thank you.

 8        A.   My military records are still in Lebane.

 9        Q.   Thank you.

10             In order to avoid mentioning details, I would like to ask you

11     this --

12             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, could we please move

13     into closed session, just for this basic general information.

14             JUDGE PARKER:  Private.

15                           [Private session]

16   (redacted)

17   (redacted)

18   (redacted)

19   (redacted)

20   (redacted)

21   (redacted)

22   (redacted)

23   (redacted)

24   (redacted)

25   (redacted)

Page 1374











11  Pages 1374-1383 redacted. Private session.















Page 1384

 1   (redacted)

 2   (redacted)

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 5   (redacted)

 6   (redacted)

 7   (redacted)

 8   (redacted)

 9   (redacted)

10   (redacted)

11   (redacted)

12   (redacted)

13   (redacted)

14   (redacted)

15   (redacted)

16   (redacted)

17   (redacted)

18   (redacted)

19   (redacted)

20   (redacted)

21   (redacted)

22   (redacted)

23                           [Open session]

24             THE REGISTRAR:  We're in open session, Your Honours.

25             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Thank you.

Page 1385

 1        Q.   Witness, do you know that NATO aircraft were guided in the

 2     following way:  On the Albania side of the border, there would be fires;

 3     and on our side of the border, light signals were emitted.

 4        A.   That is possible, but I did not see that.

 5        Q.   Thank you.  Am I right if I say that NATO bombed every day?

 6        A.   Absolutely.  Several times, as a matter of fact.

 7        Q.   Am I right that you stated here that it happened at least twice a

 8     day and sometimes even more, even 10 to 12 times a day?

 9        A.   "Twice" would be too mild.

10        Q.   Tell me, from the time when you came to the area, did you have

11     any conflicts with the KLA, and where was the KLA then?

12        A.   It was at Pastrik that we had our most conflict, when they took

13     this big rock out there, and then a guide from Leskovac got killed then.

14     At any rate, they'd start shooting, and then they'd run away, and then

15     they would start shooting, and then they'd run away.  So that would be

16     about it.  There wasn't any direct combat.

17        Q.   Thank you.  Do you remember that there were incursions from the

18     territory of the Republic of Albania into our territory and that there

19     was fighting there and -- please answer.

20        A.   Well, if we exclude the situation, I mean what happened at

21     Pastrik and Kosur, in other places there were only minor incidents.

22     Kosur and -- what was the name?  Oh, the place next to Prizren, I can't

23     remember now.  Was it Planeja?  I think that that would be right.  I

24     don't think that I've made a mistake.

25        Q.   Thank you.  Tell me, did you have occasion to see tanks of the

Page 1386

 1     Republic of Albania and their participation in these incidents?

 2        A.   Believe me, I saw them several times.  I don't know whose tanks

 3     they were.  I don't know whose tanks they were, but I did see tanks

 4     several times.  And they consciously came to the border in order to

 5     provoke a possible answer on the part of our army.  I saw them

 6     personally.  At that time I was escorting Major Vukovic.  I went to the

 7     border very often and practically on a regular basis I saw them there,

 8     moving in the territory of Albania, I mean towards the border, towards

 9     the border with us, that is.

10        Q.   Thank you.

11             Am I right if I say that you believed, or, rather, you said that

12     in your statements, that our troops were present at the border in very

13     small numbers?  And in view of this opinion of yours, why do you actually

14     think so?

15        A.   I mean, we weren't afraid of the Albanians that were on the other

16     side there at all.  There could be strikes that would come from NATO.

17     There might be a ground invasion.  I mean, if there were to be initial

18     combat, well, I don't think that with that many people you could stop a

19     land force that would be on the move with lots of equipment.  But perhaps

20     in terms of initial fighting, well, yes.  I mean, have I clarified this

21     now?

22        Q.   Thank you, Witness.  Now that you've mentioned Pastrik, I would

23     like to ask you whether perhaps you were in Kosur?

24        A.   Yes, I was, one day and one night.

25        Q.   May I conclude that that was also with the 2nd Motorised --

Page 1387

 1        A.   Yes, yes.

 2        Q.   Thank you.

 3             Tell me, am I right, and do you remember, that at the Cafa Pruse

 4     boarder crossing, sometime towards the end of March, there were quite a

 5     few civilians of Albanian ethnicity?  And do you remember that your

 6     commander went there, that part of the territory was de-mined so that

 7     they could pass through that area?  They insisted that they should cross

 8     over, and you helped them cross safely?

 9        A.   Would you give me a minute so I can explain how this went.  A

10     group of Albanians that was coming from the direction of Suva Reka and

11     from areas around Djakovica, I simply don't know on whose orders, but I

12     claim that none of us said that to them, they set out for Albania.  And

13     then there was this very unpleasant situation.  There's aircraft that

14     keep bombing all the time.  On the other side there are minefields, and

15     they had almost entered the minefields.

16             The commander asked these people, I was there, to stay on --

17             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you.  Please slow down.

18             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Oh, I really am sorry.  I do really

19     do apologise.

20             The commander asked these people to stay there.  We gave them

21     food and water until these minefields were removed.  All these people who

22     came from the interior of Kosovo, from any side, and who had passed part

23     of the territory that was under the control of the 2nd Battalion of our

24     unit, had water, food.  We gave them everything that we could at that

25     moment.  Now, whether they asked for that or not, I mean, that didn't

Page 1388

 1     really matter.  There were always people who gave them food and water.

 2             I want to say that in Djakovica there was this kiosk where there

 3     were --

 4             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation]

 5        Q.   Thank you.  Thank you.  You have answered my question.  Thank

 6     you.

 7             Witness, am I right that if I say that at the time when you came

 8     to Djakovica and to the border area, that due to NATO bombing the locals

 9     from Deva, Guska, Babaj Boks, Lepovac, Grcin, Rogovo, Kusnin, and

10     Damjanin, left their villages and went to Djakovica and Prizren?

11        A.   Sir, when I arrived there and when I first went to that side, I

12     mean facing the Deva border post, these people had already left.  I did

13     not see them.  They had probably left while I was still in Zub, while our

14     command most was still in Zub.  They had probably left earlier on.

15        Q.   Thank you.  Am I correct in saying that the reasons why these

16     Albanian civilians left their villages in the border areas were the fear

17     of bombing, the fear of expected fighting between the KLA and the

18     Yugoslav Army, and fear of the KLA itself?

19        A.   It is quite possible that you are right.  For those people that

20     we helped -- that I know of who were transferred, as a soldier, as a

21     regular soldier --

22        Q.   Please just answer whether I'm right or not.  Just say yes or no

23     so that we can move on, because, you know, our time here is limited.  We

24     cannot just chat here.

25        A.   Well, it is very difficult to answer with a yes or no.  If I say

Page 1389

 1     yes, then my answer is incomplete, and if I say no, my answer is again

 2     incomplete.

 3        Q.   Well, if you can answer with yes, then others will continue on

 4     with questions and ask you about it.

 5        A.   Yeah, but that's not the same thing.

 6        Q.   All right.

 7        A.   Well, there is that possibility.

 8        Q.   Mr. Witness, do you know that NATO aircraft fired on civilians in

 9     Gato [phoen], Meja, and the refugee centre on the Meje-Djakovica-Junik

10     road.

11        A.   Not in Meje, I'm sure of that.  As for the other places, I don't

12     know.  In Bistrazin, yes.  In Meje, no.

13        Q.   Thank you.

14             Are you aware that villagers from the bordering villages, on the

15     borders with the Republic of Albania, in the villages of Vlahan, Dogra,

16     and Zogaj, also withdrew from this territory so they wouldn't be near the

17     border with Serbia?

18        A.   Well, from what we could observe from our border post, there were

19     no Albanians on the Albanian side, so I don't know -- but I don't know

20     what happened there.

21        Q.   Thank you, sir.  Now I would just have something to ask you

22     about.

23             Do you know that at your command post in Prekovo --

24        A.   Prekovac.

25        Q.   Prekovac, I apologise.

Page 1390

 1             All this time there was a group of Albanian civilians, and they

 2     stayed there until the end of the war together with you.

 3        A.   Sir, we were in a village.  If you mean policemen, Albanian

 4     policemen, General Djordjevic will be better placed to explain what men

 5     these were.  Now do you remember when there was -- for a time there was

 6     unit of police that was formed, their unit of police.  But I don't know

 7     exactly how it went, but they had weapons, and they took care of the

 8     civilians.  But to make a long story short, they were there together with

 9     the civilians.

10        Q.   Did you understand my question?  I was asking you:  Did Albanian

11     civilians remain in -- at your command post throughout the war, there

12     together with you?

13        A.   Yes, but not only Albanian civilians, sir.  There were also Serbs

14     from Prekovac and other villages who also withdrew to this area.  Not

15     only Serbs but also Roma people, they all came there to be with us.

16        Q.   Thank you.

17             Do you know whether your commander established a platoon for the

18     protection of civilians?  Please, if you do know, just don't mention any

19     names.

20        A.   If what you mean by that is a description of the houses where

21     people stayed and lived, maybe that's it.

22        Q.   No.  Listen to my question.  Do you know whether your commander

23     had established a platoon for civilian protection?

24        A.   No, I don't know.  Maybe.

25        Q.   Thank you.

Page 1391

 1             Do you know that in early April, during the transfer of the

 2     command post to the Prekovac village, you found an old man who was

 3     bed-ridden of Albanian ethnicity and that you called an ambulance to

 4     transfer him to a hospital?

 5        A.   I participated in this -- in this operation.

 6        Q.   Thank you.  Now I would have a new set of questions, and they

 7     have to do with your statements to the Prosecutor.

 8             Tell me, please, how did you get in touch with the Prosecution?

 9        A.   It was very difficult.  I actually reported to them.  I was

10     really sorry that we withdrew from Kosovo, and then I contacted the

11     Prosecution because I wanted the whole thing to be clarified with the

12     late President Milosevic.

13        Q.   Thank you.  Now let's just clarify one thing.  While you were

14     being proofed for today's evidence, were you shown any documents?

15        A.   Only my statement, if you mean that by "documents."

16        Q.   Other than that, any other documents, any maps or sketches?

17        A.   No, no.  Maybe the sketch that I made, that I drew when I was

18     here last, 1997, maybe.  I don't know, maybe there was an error in that

19     sketch but --

20        Q.   Thank you.  Thank you.  That's enough.  Let's move on.

21             According to our information, you gave your first statement on

22     the 7th and 8th of December, in 2002.

23        A.   That's possible.  I'm not quite sure.

24        Q.   Tell me, please, when you gave that statement, who was present

25     during your giving of the statement?

Page 1392

 1        A.   I know who the Prosecutor and the investigator was, but I don't

 2     know who the interpreter was.  I know there was this investigator

 3     John Zdrilic, but I don't recall the name of the interpreter.

 4        Q.   How many days did this take, your witness interview?

 5        A.   I really don't remember.

 6        Q.   Was the same interpreter present throughout the interview?

 7        A.   Well, you're asking now that I remember something that happened

 8     ten years ago.  I really would love to help, but I can't recall.

 9        Q.   Well, I'm asking you whether you can remember now because I'd

10     like to remind you of what you said while you were testifying in the

11     Milutinovic case.

12        A.   I remember.

13        Q.   Well, please do repeat what you can remember.

14        A.   Well, I think it was not the same interpreter throughout who was

15     present during this interview, but it does mean that it was not the same

16     person.  I think it wasn't the same woman, but I'm not absolutely

17     certain.  I can only say yes or no, but I have no proof.  I can't

18     remember the name of the interpreter, and that's it.

19        Q.   Mr. Witness, do you remember anything else that you said during

20     the proofing in the Milutinovic case, or would you like me to refresh

21     your memory by reading it to you?

22        A.   Could you please read it.

23        Q.   Thank you.

24             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, could we please see

25     on the screens Exhibit -- a Prosecution Exhibit number 5118 on the 65 ter

Page 1393

 1     list, and if it's easier, I can also quote the D number.  I don't know

 2     what is easier.

 3             Mr. Registrar, what is the faster way?

 4                           [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

 5             JUDGE PARKER:  This is a transcript from a previous trial.

 6     You'll have to be careful in what questions you ask from that because of

 7     the content of some of it.  It will not appear on the screens outside of

 8     this courtroom, but your questions could be disclosing some material in

 9     it that's important.

10             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I took a look at my

11     notes, and I think there are -- I think I have only two names, two

12     investigators, and the name of an interpreter.  There are no other names,

13     but I will be careful.

14        Q.   Witness, please be careful.  Do not mention any name.  So this

15     was the 30th of January, 2007, page 9367, lines 13 through 25.

16             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] "Your Honour, when I made my

17     statement to the investigator, there was only one investigator and this

18     woman.  Not the woman who signed the woman but another woman.  And from

19     time to time a man would come in.  He said what his name was, but I can't

20     remember it.  He was only there occasionally, not throughout the

21     interview."

22             In response to the Judge's question, whether it was true that the

23     witness had been read back to you in your language, you said:

24             "I don't recall that it had been read back to me on that day, but

25     when I signed it, it may have or may not have.  But if that was the case,

Page 1394

 1     I'd like to correct it.  And had been read back to me, I would have

 2     corrected it.  I'm certain of that.  So I don't recall the statement

 3     being read to me."

 4             And then on page 9368, lines 14 through 23, in response to the

 5     Judge's question:

 6             "Is it possible that the statement was made on one day.  On the

 7     following day it was read over to you, and you signed it."

 8             So this is on page 9368, lines 13 to 14:

 9             "No, no, no.  Not the next day, I'm sure, because the gentleman

10     who took the statement went back to his country, and then they came back

11     again.  It was the new year, and then we saw each other in January or

12     February, I don't know exactly when, in front of Hotel M or in a park; if

13     it was the same day, in one of the parks in Belgrade, but certainly not

14     in the Tribunal office in Belgrade.  I was there only once, and it was

15     then that the young lady who signed the statement was there.  The first

16     time it was another lady from Belgrade.  I am certain about that."

17             And then on page 9473, this is 65 ter 5118, 31st of January,

18     2007:

19              "I signed a statement.  I don't recall.  It was either in

20     Hotel M or in the park between Slavija and the government building of the

21     Republic of Serbia, somewhere in that area, if this was on the same day.

22     I don't know if it was on the same day.  I'm not sure.  I had not

23     finished giving my statement at this time, and the woman from Belgrade

24     was there who translated this statement.  And then when I signed the

25     statement, when I brought the photographs, there was a totally different

Page 1395

 1     interpreter and a completely different man, not the man who interviewed

 2     me in the beginning.  This man could speak a little Serbian, too, not

 3     only English, because he was born -- I think he's a Croat, but he lives

 4     in Australia.  I think that his name," and I'm not going to read the

 5     name, "I don't know.  I'm not sure.  I think that's the name."

 6             Now I've read all the answers that you gave in the Milutinovic

 7     trial.  Have I jogged your memory?

 8        A.   Yes.

 9        Q.   And let me put another thing to you.  When, toward the end of the

10     trial, Mr. Hannis told you the name of the first investigator and the

11     second investigator - and again I'm not going to mention their names

12     because they might identify you - could you tell me now in relation to

13     this, since I jogged your memory, could you explain how everything

14     happened and where you actually signed the statement.

15        A.   The gentleman I'm referring to, and from you read, the man that

16     you said could speak Serbian, that's the man I gave the statement to.

17     But as far as I can remember, I signed that statement where you said,

18     where you read that I had signed it.  But now this was about seven years

19     ago, so it's hard to remember.  But I am sure that I signed the statement

20     where you said, in the park.

21        Q.   Well, Mr. Witness, please, let's clarify this.  Based on what I

22     read to you, on the first day when you made your statement, you didn't

23     sign anything.  Not only that you didn't sign anything, we also know the

24     date on the statement.  There were two dates, 7th and 8th of December,

25     and you said that you only -- that this interview was only on one day,

Page 1396

 1     but that's irrelevant.  But then you said that in January, February, some

 2     other men came and "then I signed the statement."

 3        A.   I really don't remember signing the statement on the first

 4     occasion; I still think I didn't.  But as for the second occasion, that's

 5     correct, that's true.

 6        Q.   But, Witness, you also said that you will speak the truth in the

 7     Milutinovic case, and I was just quoting what you said there.  So you

 8     said that at least two days later you signed the statement, but then I

 9     will remind you of other words that you said.  But is this correct?

10     First let me ask you this:  Is what I read to you from the Milutinovic

11     trial correct?

12        A.   Well, I don't remember what it was that I said.

13        Q.   Well, it was on the screen right now, and I also read it out to

14     you.

15        A.   Well, it's possible that you read it to me, but I don't remember.

16     I know that I did sign one statement, and it's possible that it was a

17     month or a month and a half later, that's what I said then.  It's

18     possible that I signed the statement then.

19        Q.   Is the -- is your evidence in the Milutinovic trial true and

20     accurate?

21        A.   Yes.

22        Q.   Thank you.

23             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] I move to enter this -- well,

24     actually, the entire transcript has already been tendered into evidence,

25     so there is no need to propose its admission into evidence.  Thank you.

Page 1397

 1             THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Your Honour, could we just take a

 2     short five-minute break?

 3             JUDGE PARKER:  Yes.  We will need to go into private session.

 4                           [Private session]

 5   (redacted)

 6   (redacted)

 7   (redacted)

 8                           [Closed session]

 9   (redacted)

10   (redacted)

11   (redacted)

12   (redacted)

13                           [Open session]

14             THE REGISTRAR:  We're in open session, Your Honours.

15             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you.

16             Yes, Mr. Djurdjic.

17             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honours.

18        Q.   Witness, please do not mention any names.  Tell me, tell me your

19     opinion about your commander, your war-time commander, as a commander and

20     as a human being.

21        A.   Well, what can I say?  I can only say all the best.  He's an

22     excellent man, an excellent superior.  All the best.  I can only use

23     superlatives.

24        Q.   Thank you.  Witness, is it true, is it correct, that when you

25     came to the town where you spent your war time, that the commander told

Page 1398

 1     you when you arrived that orders had to be complied with, that discipline

 2     has to be respected, and that everyone who engages in illegal actions

 3     will be taken to disciplinary -- will be disciplined and that measures

 4     will be taken against them?

 5        A.   While we were still on the buses we were told that.

 6        Q.   Thank you.

 7             We will do this later because I have to mention a name, and I

 8     don't want to go into closed session now.  I'll skip this part.

 9             Let's take a look at paragraph 35 of your statement.  Let me just

10     remind you, it's about the cafe in Brekovac where you were --

11        A.   I was not sitting there.

12        Q.   Well, I'm sorry, then, you'll have to correct me.  But one of

13     your superiors was there and two inspectors?

14        A.   Yes, and two other soldiers, but I wasn't there at the time.  I

15     was nearby but not at the cafe itself.

16        Q.   While reading your statement in paragraph 35, one could

17     conclude - and I don't want to read it out because of the name mentioned

18     there - but one can conclude that you were there, too, and the other

19     three and perhaps two or three other men.  You mention also some other

20     names there.  If you weren't there, would you tell us how all this

21     transpired and how you learnt about it?

22        A.   Well, the cafe was here, and right next to it was another room

23     where I was, not in the cafe itself, but it was on the same premises, in

24     the same building.  I was just a wall behind them.  So I had some other

25     business to take care of, so I didn't sit with them.  And I'm also -- I

Page 1399

 1     don't drink, so that's why I wasn't with them.

 2        Q.   Well, I didn't say you were drinking --

 3        A.   I'm just saying I'm not a drinker, I don't drink alcohol, so I

 4     wasn't sitting with them.

 5        Q.   Would you agree that that man and the two inspectors were drunk

 6     on that occasion?

 7        A.   Yes.

 8        Q.   Thank you.

 9             Now I would be interested in the following:  Who gave this

10     initiative to go and find the person who was being searched for?

11        A.   The policemen.

12        Q.   Thank you.

13             Am I right when I say that when you went to the third house in

14     Djakovica, that you were actually ambushed and that fire was opened at

15     you, and on that occasion one of these persons was injured?

16        A.   It wasn't an ambush.  It was a man.  Now, was it the man we were

17     looking for or not, but anyway, it was someone who was shooting.

18             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I think that I can

19     mention the name of the witness -- or, rather, the name of the person,

20     the person who is suspected of having opened fire on that occasion.

21        Q.   Witness, will you agree with me that this person was a member of

22     the KLA, Chopi Albin [phoen]?

23        A.   I really can't remember the name, but I don't rule that

24     possibility out.  We were looking for a particular man, 20-something, but

25     I cannot remember his name now.

Page 1400

 1        Q.   I know the name of the inspector who was injured on that

 2     occasion.  Would it mean anything to you if I were to give you his name

 3     and surname?

 4        A.   No, no.

 5        Q.   Thank you.  And do you know that the investigating judge of the

 6     municipal court in Djakovica went out there and that a record was made of

 7     the on-site investigation with regard to the wounding of the inspector?

 8        A.   When?

 9        Q.   The following day.

10        A.   I'm sure that nothing like that took place that night.  I don't

11     know about the next day.

12        Q.   Is it true that immediately after the wounding an air-strike

13     started?

14        A.   Perhaps a minute or two later, so it was precisely that part of

15     Cabrat that was being bombed, and we barely made it to down there where

16     the church is.  We took these streets and bombs were falling all over the

17     place.  So I don't know how many minutes had actually elapsed, but it was

18     a very, very short time.

19        Q.   Thank you.

20             I'd like to go back to paragraph 35 again.  I'm not going to

21     mention the name and surname of that officer who proposed that you

22     immediately go to that address of that man that was known until then and

23     to arrest him.  Do you agree that this is incorrect in your statement?

24        A.   What?

25        Q.   The statement says the name and surname of that officer,

Page 1401

 1     suggested that we go to the address of that person that was known until

 2     then and to arrest him straight away.  It wasn't his initiative, and the

 3     statement seems to suggest that it was his initiative.

 4        A.   I cannot really find where that is written.  Could you tell me

 5     what paragraph that is.

 6        Q.   Paragraph 35, and the sentence is --

 7             THE INTERPRETER:  Please slow down for the interpreters.

 8             MR. DJORDJEVIC: [Interpretation]

 9        Q.   In the fourth sentence, but the second part of it.  Don't mention

10     the last name, though.

11        A.   I don't really understand this at all.  What it says here, the

12     first three -- uh-huh, I'm sorry.  It says here:

13             "The first three were fairly drunk when the conversation turned

14     to the police attempts to locate an Albania man from Cabrat."

15        Q.   Please read on.

16        A.    "Very unprofessionally, and I think only because he was

17     drunk --"

18        Q.   Don't mention the last name.

19        A.   " [Previous translation continues] ... suggested that we

20     immediately attend the known addresses for this man and arrest him ..."

21     Uh-huh, now I understand your question.

22     I think that that is a consequence of what he had agreed to, I mean the

23     policemen who were sitting with him beforehand.

24        Q.   I'm putting the question to you:  Did he suggest to you that you

25     go there or somebody else?

Page 1402

 1        A.   The policeman suggested that, and he accepted.

 2        Q.   So it's not true that he's the one who suggested it.  That's

 3     what's written here.

 4        A.   Well, possibly, possibly it's incorrect.  Well, if that's what's

 5     written there, yes, yes.  Oh, yeah, here it says the name suggested --

 6     oh, okay, so that's not correct.  I mean, it should have said "agreed."

 7        Q.   In relation to him that's quite a difference.

 8        A.   Oh, yes, a very important difference.

 9        Q.   Well, I think it's very important to be accurate.

10        A.   "Agreed."  "Agreed" would be the right word.  I mean the

11     proposal, the suggestion, had come from the other side, so it would be

12     right to say "agreed."  See, I read this statement so many times, and I

13     simply -- well, this never really crossed my mind.

14        Q.   Witness, there are going to be other occasions to correct your

15     statement --

16             MR. DJURDJIC: [Interpretation] But I'm afraid that our tapes will

17     run out, Your Honours and ...

18             JUDGE PARKER:  Thank you very much, Mr. Djurdjic.  We now need to

19     adjourn for the day.  Our next sitting, I believe, is on Wednesday, in

20     the afternoon, so that we must adjourn until then.

21             I'm afraid we've got to adjourn now, and we continue on

22     Wednesday.  The Court Officers will assist you in the time in between.

23                           --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 1.46 p.m.,

24                           to be reconvened on Wednesday, the 25th day of

25                           February, 2009, at 2.15 p.m.