Tribunal Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Page 18215

 1                          Friday, 24 January 2003

 2                          [Open session]

 3                          [The accused entered court]

 4                          --- Upon commencing at 9.05 a.m.

 5            JUDGE ORIE:  Good morning to everyone in and around the courtroom,

 6    especially also the Russian interpreters, who managed to be here.

 7            Madam Registrar, would you please call the case.

 8            THE REGISTRAR:  Case number IT-98-29-T, the Prosecutor versus

 9    Stanislav Galic.

10            JUDGE ORIE:  Thank you, Madam Registrar.

11            Ms. Pilipovic, is the Defence ready to cross-examine its next

12    witness?  And I take it that's Anatoliy Kruk?

13            MS. PILIPOVIC: [Interpretation] Yes, Your Honour.

14            JUDGE ORIE:  Then Madam Usher, could you please escort the witness

15    into the courtroom.

16            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President.

17            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

18            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  While that's being done --

19            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

20            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  -- The Defence has indicated that DP2 will be

21    testifying on Monday, DP2, who is under cross-examination pursuantly.

22            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

23            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  What would be the status with regard to a

24    witness whose evidence will spill over to Monday?  If there is an

25    overnight witness, would that witness be kept aside until DP2's evidence

Page 18216

 1    is concluded on Monday?

 2            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, Ms. Pilipovic.

 3            MS. PILIPOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, as far as I've been

 4    informed, Mr. DP2 will only be here on Tuesday, and we can have an

 5    agreement that if he comes on Tuesday, he can testify immediately, as soon

 6    as he arrives, depending on when we are going to work.  Because I asked

 7    for that to be moved, considering that we had -- we have two more

 8    witnesses.  We didn't want him to be here and wait.

 9            JUDGE ORIE:  Wouldn't it be wise to wait with that decision until

10    we know exactly where we stand, as I now understand, on Tuesday, if

11    another witness would take another 15 minutes or half an hour, we might

12    first finish with that witness.  But if, for example, that would take

13    another day, then, of course, we might give priority to -- to the witness

14    who came for further cross-examination.  So let's depend it a bit on the

15    circumstances.  Is that agreeable?

16            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Agreeable, yes.

17                          [The witness entered court]

18            JUDGE ORIE:  Good morning, Mr. Kruk, I take it?

19            THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Good morning.

20            JUDGE ORIE:  Good morning.  You understand me; that's at least my

21    conclusion at this moment in a language you -- you hear me in a language

22    you understand?

23            THE WITNESS:  Well, I understand both languages.

24            JUDGE ORIE:  I understand you both understand my English and the

25    Russian interpretation.

Page 18217

 1            I was informed that the solemn declaration the Rules require the

 2    witness to make at the beginning of his testimony, that you would be

 3    willing or might even prefer to make that solemn declaration in English.

 4    If you'd like it to be translated in Russian, please indicate so.  If not,

 5    may I then invite you to make the solemn declaration of which the text is

 6    now handed out to you by the usher.

 7            May I invite you to make that declaration as it appears in front

 8    of you.  If you would like to do it in English, the text is in front of

 9    you.  If you would like to do it in Russian, then it should be first

10    translated.

11            THE WITNESS:  Okay.  I will do it in English.

12            I solemnly declare that I will speak the truth, the whole truth,

13    and nothing but the truth.

14                          WITNESS:  ANATOLIY KRUK

15            JUDGE ORIE:  Thank you very much.  Mr. Kruk, please be seated.

16            Mr. Kruk, you'll first be examined by counsel for the Defence.

17            Mr. Piletta-Zanin, please proceed.

18            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.

19                          Examined by Mr. Piletta-Zanin:

20       Q.   [Interpretation] Mr. Kruk, good morning.  I'm going to address

21    myself to you in French, although we have always used English in our

22    interviews.  If by any chance you don't quite understand what I am saying,

23    please do not hesitate to ask me to repeat what I'm saying again.  Did you

24    understand what I said?

25       A.   Completely.

Page 18218

 1       Q.   Thank you very much.  And then the second introductory remark I've

 2    got to say is that I would be very grateful, as much as possible, in order

 3    to save time if you can just answer by yes or no and we will proceed very

 4    quickly.  Thank you.

 5            Mr. Kruk, I'd like you to, first of all, tell the Chamber what is

 6    your background.  And by that I mean educational and professional

 7    background.  Can you tell us something about it, please.

 8       A.   Well, in 1990, I finished military institute of foreign languages

 9    in Moscow.  And since, most of time, I worked as a military interpreter

10    and officer on foreign relations also.

11       Q.   Very well.  Could you now tell us from which period were you

12    professionally in contact with Sarajevo.

13       A.   Well, I came to UNPROFOR mission on the 15th of January, 1993

14    and --

15       Q.   Thank you very much.  I'm going to stop you here.  But we'll come

16    back  to that, but before that--

17            JUDGE ORIE:  I noticed, Mr. Kruk, that you're giving your

18    testimony in English.  And you're entirely free to do that.  But if you'd

19    like to have the questions in English as well, rather than in Russian,

20    because I can imagine that it's not easy first to hear the question in

21    Russian and then to respond in English, there is a possibility if you'd

22    prefer that, to have the questions that are put in French be translated to

23    you in English.  So if you'd prefer to have English rather than Russian,

24    please indicate so and then we'll ...

25            THE WITNESS:  Okay.  I'd prefer English.

Page 18219

 1            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, to listen to the English as well.

 2            Could you then, please, Madam Usher, switch to the English

 3    channel.

 4            So now you'll hear the French of Mr. Piletta-Zanin translated into

 5    English.

 6                          [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

 7            JUDGE ORIE:  And we'll do the same as we did last time, that we'll

 8    first try to get some experience in how it works and then see whether the

 9    presence of the Russian interpreters is needed at a full-time basis or

10    that it would be sufficient to have them stand by.

11            Please proceed.

12            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.

13       Q.   I'm sorry I interrupted you, witness, but what I wanted is that if

14    you can tell us apart from your educational experience, what has been your

15    professional experience militarily speaking?  And what I mean is your rank

16    that you had in the military administration.

17       A.   Well, I started as a junior lieutenant.  Then I passed all ranks,

18    military ranks.  And now I am a retired lieutenant colonel.  And what is

19    concerning my professional experience -- I mean, military experience:  I

20    used to be a military interpreter in training centres in military

21    institutions, and I have experience in my UN mission first in Sarajevo

22    and, second, I used to be a military observer in UNTAES.

23       Q.   For the transcript, witness, please, could you repeat very clearly

24    the last name that you said, the UNTAES?

25       A.   UNTAES, it was former Sector East, United Nations Transition

Page 18220

 1    Authorisation Eastern Slavonia.  This was the name of UN mission.  It was

 2    from 1994 to 1995.

 3       Q.   Thank you.  Before we are going to come back to the -- to speak

 4    about Sarajevo, did you ever have an experience of the field?  And for an

 5    interpreter, that is not the same thing as for a paratrooper.  But have

 6    you ever had any terrain experience, field experience, in Bosnia, in

 7    Bosnia-Herzegovina?

 8       A.   Before this mission, I did -- well, I did have combat experience.

 9    It was in Afghanistan.  That's why -- I believe when I came to this

10    mission, I got some combat experience.

11       Q.   Very well.  Witness, you told us that you were engaged in the army

12    and in combat in Afghanistan.  Can you tell us what was the length -- what

13    was the duration of that experience, approximately of course.

14       A.   Well, I was there two years.

15       Q.   Thank you.  During this experience that you had, witness - and I'm

16    going to ask you a question in order to find out your knowledge of some

17    military matters - did you have an occasion either to experience fire,

18    that is, to be faced with the reality of daily fighting and fire, or to

19    see the traces of fire, shooting, et cetera?

20       A.   I saw both of what you mean.  Fire, you mean incoming/outgoing

21    fire, random fire and ...

22       Q.   Very well.  And this experience, did it allow you to acquire

23    specific knowledge that made it possible for you to identify a certain

24    weapon through your experience, to first of all say, "Here is

25    120-millimetre calibre," or "here is another calibre"?  Have you acquired

Page 18221

 1    this kind of experience in the field before Sarajevo?

 2       A.   Well, as I said before, that I had enough experience to

 3    distinguish heavy calibre or small arm fire or mortar, tank, and -- I came

 4    with a little bit more experience than some of my French colleagues and

 5    especially Egyptian colleagues.  And if I may say, that in Ukraine, when

 6    it comes to former Yugoslavia UN missions, they were trying to find quite

 7    trained and experienced people.

 8       Q.   Witness, may I consider that your answer is that in effect, as far

 9    as the incidence of military technique firing, you consider yourself to be

10    a man of experience?

11            The English interpretation is not quite right as to what I wanted

12    to say.  What I mean -- what I meant by "reality of firing," I meant

13    reality of combat and everything that that implies.

14       A.   Well, I cannot be as -- as a high-level military expert, but what

15    is concerning general things like distinguishing the kind of fire, dealing

16    with maps, just defining grids, and just -- I can say that in this -- in

17    these areas of military techniques, well, I was really good trained.

18       Q.   Thank you.  Witness, I interrupted you earlier because I wanted us

19    first to hear what was your practical experience in these matters.  And

20    when you speak of your arrival in Sarajevo, so you told us the moment when

21    you arrived in Sarajevo, and I interrupted you.  But I'd like you to

22    continue.  So you arrived in Sarajevo.  Could you please repeat the date,

23    that is, the period when you arrived, and could you please tell us

24    about -- can you tell us when did you leave Sarajevo, when did you leave

25    Bosnia?

Page 18222

 1       A.   Well, my team, there were five people.  We came at 15th of

 2    January, spent two days in Zagreb.  Then we were delivered to Sarajevo.

 3    Then we had two days of briefing in Ukrainian Battalion.  And then we were

 4    assigned to our -- to our military positions in HQ Sarajevo.  And exactly,

 5    I started my position in this HQ as an ops officer at 19th of January.

 6       Q.   Two observations, witness:  I wanted you to tell us the year first

 7    when this occurred, and also then to tell us until when you stayed there

 8    and in what capacity, and in capacities, if they have changed while you

 9    were in Sarajevo.

10       A.   Well, it was 1993, and I left Sarajevo on the 9th of May, because

11    the day before, I was assigned to Ukrainian company as a chief of staff

12    and liaison officer for separate mission in UN safe pocket Zepa.  And I

13    left Bosnia in the middle of July.

14       Q.   That's still 1993, I suppose.

15       A.   Yes, of course.

16       Q.   Thank you.  However, for the period that we are interested in more

17    specifically, which is the 17th of January, 1993 to 9th of May, 1993, has

18    there been a development or an evolution in the duties, in the tasks, that

19    you were carrying out in Sarajevo?

20       A.   Well, I can say that with the system of rotation for some senior

21    officers who were our superiors, there was some changes in operations

22    procedures, and so actually for every month HQ Sarajevo got more and more

23    experience and everybody was trying to just -- to make better our work, to

24    do it more rationally and so on.

25       Q.   Thank you.  Witness, you spoke of a team of -- consisting of five

Page 18223

 1    people.  These people, did they stay with you throughout your mission?

 2       A.   Affirmative.

 3       Q.   Indeed, yes.  Thank you.  And considering that some of -- would it

 4    be possible for you to give their names?  I'm not asking you to give their

 5    names, but if it was possible would you give their names?

 6       A.   Well -- and there was Viktor Pascenko, Evgeni Kutuzov, Sidorenka,

 7    Bazil, and those are the only names.

 8       Q.   Very well.  Thank you.  If you do not remember, that is not that

 9    important.  Thank you.

10            Witness, can you tell us who was the sector commander?  First of

11    all, could you tell us what the sector --

12            JUDGE ORIE:  Let me interrupt you.  Getting the names in the right

13    spelling on the screen always is a bit of a problem.  Would it be possible

14    that during the first break the names you just mentioned, that you write

15    them down so that those working on the transcript will have the right

16    spelling.

17            THE WITNESS:  Mm-hm.

18            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Thank you.

19            Thank you, Mr. Kruk.

20            Mr. Piletta-Zanin, you may proceed.

21            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.

22       Q.   Can you tell us who was the commander of the sector.

23       A.   When I came to sector Sarajevo and was assigned the ops officer,

24    the sector commander was Egyptian general Razek.

25       Q.   So that the name can appear properly in the transcript -- yes.  I

Page 18224

 1    believe that that can be written either with a -- with an "I" or an "E."

 2    Is that a Razik or a Razek?

 3       A.   "E."

 4       Q.   Thank you.  I would now like to focus on your tasks at your post

 5    in Sarajevo.  Could you describe for us briefly the tasks that you had.

 6    But before you do so, I'd like to put a question to you about commanding.

 7    Were there any other sector commanders during that period or just before

 8    or after that period that you knew, apart from the general?

 9       A.   Well, next sector commander who took over very soon after

10    General Razek left the sector was a French colonel.  His name is

11    Valentine.  Some people called him Valentine; some people called him

12    Valentine.

13       Q.   Some call him Valentine, in fact.

14            Thank you.  What can you tell us about your duties?  What kind of

15    duties did you have to perform within the mission that you were assigned

16    in Sarajevo?

17       A.   As an ops officer, I had position first duty officer, then senior

18    duty officer.  My main tasks were, first of all, to follow the situation

19    in sector Sarajevo, to follow all convoys, all missions conducted at that

20    time, and to liaise with military observers, and to liaise with all

21    battalions, as well to monitor flying situation and -- actually, all,

22    everything that happened in Sector Sarajevo and where military personnel

23    were involved I was following all these.  And the main thing, by the end

24    of the day I drafted a daily situation report, which was the main

25    document, formal document, which was sent to main headquarter Zagreb and

Page 18225

 1    BH command.

 2       Q.   Thank you, witness.  I'm now specifically interested in the

 3    sources of information that you had in order to compile these reports.  In

 4    a minute we will show you certain examples with questions.  But first of

 5    all, I would like you to tell me the following:  When you personally made

 6    a report which you would forward to the hierarchy, what sort of

 7    information did you have at your level; that is to say, in technical

 8    terms, where did you obtain this information from?

 9       A.   Well, during day, I had a plan of missions which were to be

10    performed.  And then when the missions were started, I followed liaison

11    officers of battalions and other agents like UNHCR.  I followed this

12    situation and all important situations was logged in the special logbook

13    to be included in daily situation report or to prepare some report for

14    sector commander or chief of staff or senior operation officer.  And some

15    important from the military point of view, things like, for example, some

16    losses in UNPROFOR personnel, it was written in official form and sent by

17    fax from battalions or delivered by hand.

18       Q.   Thank you.  Witness, did you elaborate documents -- did you

19    compile documents which had to do with fire, with incoming fire and

20    outgoing fire; that is to say, fire coming from Sarajevo or entering

21    Sarajevo?  Did you ever compile such documents?  And if so, could you

22    provide us with the name of the document concerned.

23       A.   Well, one of my missions as a mission of ops officer was to

24    monitor situation which is around PTT building where headquarter of Sector

25    Sarajevo was stationed.  And if there was nearby some incoming or outgoing

Page 18226

 1    fire, we had reports from our guards which were staying permanently in

 2    front of PTT.  And if we saw sometimes in our window - we had a very large

 3    big window in ops room - and we saw some shelling, some explosions by our

 4    own eyes, I marked it on our operational map and what is concerning other

 5    reports from different UN sources.  I received two times a day situation

 6    reports from battalions which actually -- it's the same, daily situation

 7    report, which we made in headquarter but little bit shorter, without some

 8    parts.  And the main source of information concerning firing and shelling

 9    of Sarajevo, it was reports from UNMOs.  It was so-called SHOOTREPs.

10       Q.   Thank you.  Witness, to clarify things, these SHOOTREPs, did they

11    reach you because this was part of your duties?  And if so, did you

12    receive these SHOOTREPs regularly or not?

13       A.   Well, actually, the procedure was as follows:  By the end of day,

14    we -- well, when I was on duty, I drafted daily situation report for whole

15    sector.  It was made on computer and then saved on a floppy.  Then as

16    usual, a deputy senior military observer, it was -- as far as I remember,

17    it was, I think, Canadian -- Canadian major.  He came to our office and

18    then he took these floppy disk and then took it to his office where UNMO

19    officer was present and then he added my situation daily report with their

20    form, with their UNMO form, because we didn't have completely UNMO report,

21    only this SHOOTREP.

22       Q.   Thank you.  I would now like to concentrate on the level of

23    SHOOTREP reports.  In the chain of information, were these SHOOTREPs some

24    of the first informative documents or perhaps the first such documents

25    that were used to determine the problem of shots, the extent of the

Page 18227

 1    shooting, et cetera?

 2       A.   Well, military observers, they had more freedom of movement than

 3    we had because they had a special status.  They were unarmed, and they

 4    dealt more with local people and so on.  At the same time, UNPROFOR, we

 5    were armed units, and for example, there was a different attitude of local

 6    people to our units.  That's why most of times, as far as I remember, they

 7    had information which you couldn't get, for example, to send in our

 8    patrols and so.  That's why we actually relied on this information.

 9       Q.   Very well.  But my question hasn't perhaps been fully answered in

10    that.  What I would like to know is whether the documents prepared by the

11    UNMOs, what we call the UNMOs, the UN military observers, did these

12    documents -- were these documents the first documents within the chain of

13    information?  Is that the case or not?  And when I say "the first

14    documents," I'm referring to a chronological chain, of course.

15       A.   Well, I didn't quite understand the question because the first

16    document, does it mean it was primary document or more reliable document

17    or ...?

18       Q.   No.

19       A.   What do you mean "the chronological chain"?

20       Q.   Yes.  Naturally.  I agree with you.  It's a bit complicated.  The

21    notion of primary document that you mentioned is the notion I was

22    referring to.  That's what I had in mind.  Is that the case?

23       A.   I cannot say that it was a primary document or, as you mentioned,

24    first document.  Of course, first of all, we -- our ops seniors, they had

25    more information from our unit, and that's why there is a difference

Page 18228

 1    between UNMOs and UNPROFOR units, because UNMOs, they were not under

 2    controlling command of Sector Sarajevo.  They only coordinated their

 3    activity.  But on some operational matters, UNMOs were supposed to perform

 4    tasks which helped headquarter Sarajevo to perform its mission.

 5       Q.   Very well.  Thank you.  I have the following question that I would

 6    like to put to you now:  At the level of UNMOs and at the level of

 7    SHOOTREPs, did the military observers have other documents - and I am

 8    referring to documents - on the basis of which they could prepare their

 9    own reports? Where was this and on the basis of what could they hear about

10    this?  On the basis of what they saw?  On the basis of what they heard on

11    site?

12       A.   Well, it's very easy for me to say, because as I mentioned before,

13    later I was a military observer and I know very well that these UNMOs had

14    their own report where they described what was done, the logistic

15    situation and so on, and of course cease-fire regulations.  And how they

16    registered all this cease-fire regulation:  There was a special list for

17    INCREP which is incoming report, and SHOOTREP, which is outgoing firing

18    report.  This is two forms.  And when UNMO heard or saw any cease-fire

19    violation, he was supposed to record it in this -- on this piece of paper

20    with -- with pointing out the exact time and how did he get the

21    information.  For example, UNMO heard or UNMO seen.  But all these

22    documents, they were only on UNMO chain of command.  It means all these

23    reports by the end of day were sent to duty officer of UNMOs in

24    headquarter Sarajevo and then reported to deputy senior -- deputy senor

25    military observer or his operations staff.

Page 18229

 1       Q.   Very well.  With regard to what you have described, your

 2    expression "UNMO heard or UNMO seen," I have another question that has to

 3    do with UNMO do; that is to say, once something has been heard or seen, it

 4    is reported.  Very well.  But is there a manner of joining information?

 5    And I have to provide you with an example now:  Let's imagine that a shot

 6    falls between two military observation posts.  This shot is heard by both

 7    posts.  Each post will mention this shot and at the end of the day will

 8    have two shots reported by both posts, whereas there was only one shot.

 9    As a result, was there a system of verification, was this possible in

10    order to avoid any confusion in the reports -- in the reports?

11       A.   Well, I even can add:  If there is some -- our mission going on, I

12    mean UNPROFOR mission, and if there is some post from our UNPROFOR unit,

13    and even these people, they have to add these events like shelling or

14    incoming or outgoing.  Of course there were confusion.  But if you mean

15    that did we check, for example, UNMO's information, how many explosions

16    they heard or seen, we didn't do it because -- because it was not

17    necessary and UNMOs believed to be the most reliable source of information

18    for UN.

19            JUDGE ORIE:  May I -- may I just ask you --

20            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation]

21       Q.   I will stop you there.

22            JUDGE ORIE:  You added something to the question, but you did not

23    respond to the question.

24            THE WITNESS:  Okay.

25            JUDGE ORIE:  The question was whether it was verified that one

Page 18230

 1    event observed by two different UNMO posts would appear not as two events,

 2    that is, observed by two posts, but whether you verified whether this

 3    actually had been one event, whether there was a system active avoiding

 4    such confusion.

 5            THE WITNESS:  What is concerning our tasks, I mean operation

 6    officer and duty officer, we didn't verify it.

 7            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation]

 8       Q.   Thank you.  Witness, as a result --

 9            JUDGE ORIE:  One moment.  You said you didn't do it.  Are you

10    aware of whether it was done by anyone else or ...?

11            THE WITNESS:  Well, we had such practice for our units but not

12    UNMOs.

13            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  But do you know whether the UNMOs did it?

14            THE WITNESS:  No, I don't have such information.

15            JUDGE ORIE:  You don't have that information.

16            THE WITNESS:  No.

17            JUDGE ORIE:  Please proceed, Mr. Piletta-Zanin.

18            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Thank you.

19       Q.   Witness, as a result, was it technically possible if many shots

20    fall simultaneously in places where they could be heard at the same time

21    by several posts, would it be possible for these shots to be reported by

22    more than one or two posts?

23            JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Piletta-Zanin, do you want the witness to answer

24    the question or will I answer the question?  Is it possible that it will

25    rain next week, Mr. Piletta-Zanin?  I could answer that question.

Page 18231

 1            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] No, Mr. President.  If you

 2    allow me to intervene, what I would like to know - because I don't know; I

 3    was never there - I want to know whether in reality it's possible for

 4    three posts to hear for topographical reasons and because of the sound

 5    that is made, whether they can hear something because the sound is heard

 6    in this place.  If the witness says, "No, because the posts are so distant

 7    from each other and it's impossible to hear it," then we will have

 8    clarified the problem.  If the witness says, "No, because these places are

 9    so near to each other," I think this will be useful.  If not, I'll move on

10    to another subject.

11                          [Trial Chamber confers]

12            THE WITNESS:  Well, I can say only one thing.

13            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  Wait a moment, please.

14            JUDGE ORIE:  The witness may answer the question.

15            THE WITNESS:  Well, I can say only one thing:  According to our

16    SUP, all units were obliged to report about any outgoing and incoming

17    fire.  And what I can say, that of course if there is a post in one unit,

18    for example, Ukrainian Battalion who is stationed in Tito barracks, both

19    posts can report the same outgoing and incoming fire because they are

20    close, but it's just common logic and common sense.

21            JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Piletta-Zanin, we -- of course the witness has

22    now answered the question.  Your explanation as to the relevance of this

23    question ignored that the fact that incoming -- that many shots fall

24    simultaneously in places where they could be heard already says that they

25    could be heard in different places, and your question was just about

Page 18232

 1    reporting, not on whether they could be heard in different places, because

 2    that was already included as a suggestion in your answer and was not what

 3    you asked the witness about.  So you had just asked whether they could be

 4    heard at different places, whether they could be reported as more

 5    incidents.  And I would say that we asked the witness to answer that

 6    question but it's a question that everyone could answer.

 7            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Very well, Mr. President.

 8            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 9            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] I'll move on to a question

10    that can't be answered by everyone --

11            JUDGE ORIE:  [Previous interpretation continues] ... Who has heard

12    the testimony of the earlier witness and who has some sense of logic.

13    Please proceed.

14            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Thank you.

15       Q.   Witness, in purely logical terms and given the layout of the

16    ground and the structure of Sarajevo which we do not know as well as you

17    do, the phenomenon of an echo, is this a phenomenon which would occur in

18    reality?  And I am referring to areas where there are high-rise buildings

19    in particular.  Yes or no?

20            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  I object.  It's a hypothetical question.

21            JUDGE ORIE:  No.  I think --

22            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] It has nothing hypothetical

23    about it.

24            JUDGE ORIE:  [Previous interpretation continues] ...

25    Mr. Piletta-Zanin asked the witness is whether in the circumstances as you

Page 18233

 1    find them in Sarajevo, whether the witness has the experience that echoes

 2    would be heard, and I take it that you are asking about echoes of the

 3    sound of firing, or are you interested to know about anything else?

 4            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] I've heard what you said,

 5    Mr. President.  I've understood you.  My question has to do with the

 6    reality of the phenomenon in Sarajevo and the possible consequences that

 7    it could have.  That's the second part with regard to calculations.

 8            JUDGE ORIE:  [Previous interpretation continues] ... Question,

 9    because I -- the question was whether the phenomenon of an echo would

10    occur in reality.

11            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] In Sarajevo.

12            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, yes.

13            May I just ask you, Mr. Piletta-Zanin, you are interested to know

14    about the echoes of the -- of what?  Of people singing?  I take it that --

15            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] No.  The echo of my voice is

16    not very interesting.  What I'm interested in is the echo of -- of a shot,

17    as it is landing.

18            JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Piletta-Zanin has asked whether you experienced

19    the phenomenon of an echo to occur when a shell was falling.

20            THE WITNESS:  Shall I answer?

21            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, please.

22            THE WITNESS:  Well, of course, there was phenomenon of echo, and I

23    can say yes.

24            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

25            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Thank you.

Page 18234

 1       Q.   Witness, the next question, which logically comes out of that, is

 2    whether this phenomenon of echo -- firstly, was it frequent?  And

 3    secondly, was it something that may have caused errors in the reports

 4    compiled, made by the observers?

 5            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  I object, Mr. President.

 6            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 7            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Inviting the witness to speculate.

 8            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  Very well, may I respond?

 9            JUDGE ORIE:  Let me just try to get an answer on the first

10    question that --

11            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Is it frequent?

12            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

13            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation]

14       Q.   The echo.

15       A.   Well, of course it was better to ask people who were outside on

16    the missions, because most of time I spent in PTT.  Only maybe four or

17    five times I visited battalion, and I heard by myself this echo for

18    incoming shots and so.  But of course it depends on the area where it

19    happened, if there is a high-rise buildings or it's a summer house.  Is

20    it -- it depends on the area, the kind of structures and so just there.

21       Q.   Well, you cannot say about the frequency because you were not in

22    the field, you were not on the ground.  But on the principle of the

23    existence of the echo, did you ever hear it?

24            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  I object, Mr. President.  I think the witness

25    has already answered the question.

Page 18235

 1            JUDGE ORIE:  The witness has answered that question that he

 2    experienced the phenomenon of echo but that he could not tell much about

 3    the frequency because he was usually indoors.

 4            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Very well.  Indeed.

 5       Q.   But this kind -- in a sense that you've had this experience, this

 6    kind of echo, was this likely to cause errors in the reports?

 7            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  I object, Mr. President.

 8            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Let me ask you, Mr. Kruk, do you have any

 9    experience or any knowledge of such echoes causing errors in reporting

10    either incoming or outgoing fire?

11            THE WITNESS:  I don't have such experience, but there was

12    some -- some mistakes in the reporting from battalions, but I think

13    that --

14            JUDGE ORIE:  Was that caused --

15            THE WITNESS:  This position doesn't relate to this, to echo.

16            JUDGE ORIE:  Not to echo.

17            Please proceed, Mr. Piletta-Zanin.

18            THE WITNESS:  Not to echo.

19            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President, considering

20    that the witness told us there were errors, could we please have the

21    exhibit.  I gave the list to Madam Registrar the other day, and this is

22    exhibits that were under seal, I believe.  So it would be good if they

23    were not placed on the ELMO.  And this is 918, 925, and 932.

24                          [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

25            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation]

Page 18236

 1       Q.   First of all, witness, could you please look at these documents

 2    once they are in front of you --

 3            JUDGE ORIE: [Interpretation] Just a moment, Mr. Piletta-Zanin.

 4            [In English] Mr. Piletta-Zanin, the Chamber might have some

 5    difficulties in following the testimony if the document is not on the ELMO

 6    because I noticed that there was a long -- a very long list with ERN

 7    numbers, and am I right that it is -- do I find the P numbers somewhere?

 8            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  P number?

 9            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

10            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  Is that at the top of the document, I think?

11            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  No, but on the list.

12            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  On the list?  I don't have the list on me.

13            JUDGE ORIE:  I mean, the Chamber, of course, tries to prepare

14    itself on the -- what it can expect.  And if I would know that there were

15    some admitted pieces in evidence, then we could prepare ourselves on it.

16    And for example, I take it now -- we cannot follow the testimony of the

17    witness if it's not on the ELMO and if we have no copies.

18            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  I would agree with you.  But --

19            JUDGE ORIE:  I don't expect you to --

20            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  Closed session.

21            JUDGE ORIE:  Closed session.  Yes, of course, but we should not

22    turn into closed session unless it is necessary.

23            But let's now turn into closed session so that the documents can

24    be put on the ELMO.

25                          [Closed session]

Page 18237












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Page 18238












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Page 18239

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21  (redacted)

22                          [Open session]

23            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Very well.  Thank you.

24       Q.   Witness, you spoke of battalions earlier.  Could you please tell

25    us precisely to which battalion were you referring.  Thank you.

Page 18240

 1       A.   At my time there were three battalions: French Battalion stationed

 2    in airport; Ukrainian Battalion was stationed in Tito barracks; and

 3    Egyptian Battalion was stationed in Bistrik barracks.

 4       Q.   Thank you.  Did you have close contact with these battalions, and

 5    more specifically with the Ukrainian Battalion?

 6       A.   Well, of course, because I was Ukrainian officer I had more close

 7    contacts with Ukrainian Battalion, and I had good contacts with other

 8    battalions as well, because in our ops room, as I mentioned before, there

 9    were present all liaison officers from all battalions just to be in touch

10    with battalions at any time.

11       Q.   Thank you.  Could you remind us, where was the battalion in

12    question?  Where was it located?

13       A.   What battalion do you mean?

14       Q.   I'm talking about the Ukrainian Battalion.

15       A.   The Ukrainian Battalion was stationed in so-called Tito barracks.

16       Q.   Thank you.  Since you are speaking about the Tito barracks, can

17    you tell us something about the presence of armed elements, I mean in the

18    most general sense, in the Tito barracks.

19       A.   In Tito barracks, there was UN camp where was stationed Ukrainian

20    Battalion and Dutch communications centre.

21       Q.   Thank you.  I was not speaking about the presence of UN elements,

22    parts of the UN structure in my question, but I was speaking in general.

23    Were there any other, apart from the personnel, armed or not, of the UN,

24    was there any other armed elements of other parties inside within the

25    compound of the barracks?

Page 18241

 1       A.   As far as I was told by Ukrainian officers from the Ukrainian

 2    Battalion, part of Tito barracks were not engaged -- were occupied by some

 3    logistic branch of BH army.

 4       Q.   Very well.  Can you inform us in which part of the barracks was

 5    your answer referring to.

 6       A.   Well, our UN camp was separated from that part of Tito barracks.

 7    We occupied two buildings in this barracks, and there was a fence and

 8    there was another territory which didn't belong to UN camp.

 9       Q.   Very well.  This situation, did it last throughout your stay?

10       A.   As far as I remember, yes.

11       Q.   Thank you.  Witness, could we now go on to another subject, and

12    we'll now talk about life in that part of Sarajevo that remained under the

13    control of the BH forces.  And the first question that I have in mind in

14    relation to that is that:  Did you have any free time?  And if so, what

15    did you do during your free time, that is, when you were not inside the

16    compound of the PTT building?

17       A.   Because we had only three officers in our duty shift, that's why I

18    almost didn't have free time.  And if I had, I used it for -- for

19    recreation, because it was very tense work with a big operation and so on.

20    That's why I didn't go very often to Ukrainian Battalion.  But I did

21    remember I went there four -- four or five times.

22       Q.   Thank you.  But did it ever happen to you that you went to other

23    sectors of the city, apart from the one where the Tito barracks were?

24       A.   I went two times to airport -- correction, three times, three

25    times to airport.  And once I went to engineer mission.

Page 18242

 1       Q.   That is not during your free time.  But can you tell us, from

 2    where -- no, I'm sorry, where?

 3       A.   Where did I go?

 4       Q.   Where did you go for that technical mission?

 5       A.   I don't remember the area of Sarajevo.  It was only once or maybe

 6    two times.  But if I see my reports after this engineer mission, which I

 7    believe were included in daily situation report, I would say it exactly.

 8       Q.   Thank you.  Let us stop here about that mission.  In relation to

 9    this mission, did anything specific occur during this technical mission?

10       A.   As far as I remember, I was mission commander and I had escort

11    commander.  He was a Canadian lieutenant.  Unfortunately I didn't remember

12    his name.  And once we came under fire on the way to this mission, and

13    then there was exchange of fire on the place of mission and the mission

14    was cancelled due to security reasons.

15       Q.   Thank you.

16            JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Piletta-Zanin, if I would put the following

17    question to the witness, could you please tell me whether that would

18    assist you.

19            The question would be:  Did you ever spend any time when you were

20    not on duty in the city, and would you have an opportunity to observe the

21    daily life of the citizens?

22            Is that --

23            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Yes, Mr. President.

24    Absolutely.  But you have estimated the situation perfectly well, but you

25    have also seen that for the moment I decided to see what happened at this

Page 18243

 1    technical mission and then later on I would gladly go on to that question

 2    after I found out what happened to the mission.

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 4            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation]

 5       Q.   Now, witness --

 6            JUDGE ORIE:  If you would put that question later on in this way,

 7    then you might get the answer you would like to have.  And I'm just

 8    suggesting how to get the answers I take it you would like to --

 9            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation]

10       Q.   Witness, please bear in mind the perfectly phrased question that

11    the President asked.  We will come back to it.  But now logically, I will

12    have to proceed in this way:  What happened during this mission you were

13    fired at?  And my question is the following:  Were you able to establish

14    where the shots came from?

15       A.   Well, we were very close to confrontation line, and what side

16    fired on us, I cannot say for sure.  First of all, we were moving in

17    Canadian APC inside, and well, we only heard the ricochet from our APC.

18    So I cannot say exactly.

19       Q.   Without projecting anything whatsoever, do you know why would

20    anybody fire at you?

21            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  I object, Mr. President.  Inviting the witness

22    to speculate.

23            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] May I respond, Mr. President?

24            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

25            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] I don't think so.  I -- I just

Page 18244

 1    asked the witness whether he knew if there was an investigation into the

 2    causes, then yes.  If he doesn't know, he doesn't know.  He can say he

 3    doesn't know.

 4            JUDGE ORIE:  Then ask whether it was investigated, what were the

 5    results of the investigations rather than ask it in this way:  Ask,

 6    Mr. Piletta-Zanin, for facts, rather than asking for --

 7            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] I'm trying to save time,

 8    Mr. President.  But very well.  I will do this.

 9       Q.   Has there been an investigation following this event?

10       A.   As far as I know, there was no investigation.  It was the usual

11    case for Sarajevo at that time.

12       Q.   Very well.  Thank you.  I am going on to another subject now.  I

13    asked you to remember the question that the President asked earlier, and I

14    would even add something to it, that is, did you go into the old town?

15            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  The question is whether when you were not on

16    duty whether you would spend any time in the old town and whether you were

17    able to observe the daily life of citizens.

18            THE WITNESS:  I didn't have any chance to go for -- for a walk or

19    just for -- for travelling or for seeing sights.  Just only for, if it's

20    needed, I went to battalion, as I said before, four or five times, and

21    that's all. First of all, it was not allowed for us to leave PTT, even

22    just not to go outside -- outside the --

23            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation]

24       Q.   Witness, I will stop you here for -- in order not to waste time.

25    Thank you.  When you moved inside the town, when you -- during your

Page 18245

 1    movements inside the town, did you have an opportunity to see in the city

 2    or elsewhere soldiers belonging to the BH army?

 3            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, I object.  The witness has

 4    already answered that he did not go out.

 5            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] That is not so.  He said that

 6    he did not have time to go outside during his free time and that it was

 7    forbidden, but he did say that he moved twice or -- well, if I cannot be

 8    heard, then very well.  I will take note.

 9            THE WITNESS:  Well, I can answer this --

10            JUDGE ORIE:  May I first ask you:  Did you ever move into the town

11    when you were on duty, apart from what you just told us, going to the

12    battalion?

13            THE WITNESS:  Okay.  As I said before, I went to engineer mission

14    I can believe it was in town.  And of course going to battalion as well

15    could be included.  And if the point of question, did I see people in

16    military uniform, yes, I did.

17            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Mr. Piletta-Zanin, what I -- why I intervened

18    is that it becomes confusing if we do not know exactly what facts the

19    witness is testifying about.  I'm not excluding that he went to town when

20    he was not on duty, but you suggested it, where we do not know it yet.  So

21    if you systematically put your questions to the witness, we'll get as many

22    answers as possible, and that's what the Chamber really would like, to

23    hear the answers rather than to hear about confusion in questioning.

24            Please proceed.

25            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Yes, Mr. President.  To be

Page 18246

 1    precise in the interest of the matter, the witness said what I wanted to

 2    say equally was that he went three times also to the airport and that,,

 3    not to one battalion but battalions.

 4       Q.   When you moved about inside the city, you told us that you saw

 5    soldiers in uniform.  What can you tell us about that?

 6       A.   Well, first of all, I saw once three men leaving a civilian car.

 7    They were in camouflage.  It was next to Ukrainian Battalion.  And as

 8    well, when I was on engineer mission, there was maybe six or eight people.

 9    Some of them were half in camouflage, half in civilian clothes, but they

10    had weapon, and it was just next to confrontation line.

11       Q.   Thank you.  Just a few clarifications in relation to facts.  You

12    spoke of a civilian car.  Can you tell us what type of vehicle was that?

13       A.   Well, it was usual civilian vehicle, like for usual driving.  We

14    call it soft skin vehicle.

15       Q.   Thank you.  And so if that car was a civilian vehicle, was there

16    any -- did it have any other distinguishing features that another car that

17    was not used by the army would not have?

18       A.   No.  The only passengers were in camouflage uniform and armed with

19    small arms and that's all.  No special about this vehicle.

20            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] I think it's time for a break,

21    Mr. President.

22            THE WITNESS:  [Previous interpretation continues] ...

23            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Thank you.

24            JUDGE ORIE:  I did not hear the last words of the witness, as a

25    matter of fact.

Page 18247

 1            What was the last words you spoke, Mr. Kruk?

 2            THE WITNESS:  I added that maybe it was a little bit rusted.

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  Rusted, yes.  I don't know whether this is a military

 4    feature or not or a civilian feature.

 5            We'll adjourn until 11.00.

 6                          --- Recess taken at 10.31 a.m.

 7                          --- On resuming at 11.05 a.m.

 8            JUDGE ORIE:  Is the Defence ready to continue the examination of

 9    the witness?

10            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Yes, Mr. President.  I would

11    like to thank the registrar.  It has been copied, I think.  And I spent a

12    significant part of the break to photocopy a document with a machine that

13    wasn't functioning quite properly.

14            JUDGE ORIE:  Madam Usher, could you please escort the witness into

15    the courtroom.

16                          [The witness entered court]

17            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] I don't know, Mr. President,

18    whether your Chamber already has the three documents that I mentioned

19    earlier on just a minute ago.

20            JUDGE ORIE:  No, we have not received them yet.  We now do receive

21    them.

22            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] We do have many copies.  We

23    have additional copies.

24            JUDGE ORIE:  Did you provide the additional copies to the booth,

25    Mr. Piletta-Zanin?

Page 18248

 1            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] No.  But I will do so gladly.

 2    I'll do that immediately.

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  May I ask you, Ms. Mahindaratne, to keep a close eye

 4    on what exactly the protected information would be in the document.  It

 5    will not be put on the ELMO.  And if it's just about the structure of this

 6    kind of documents, we've seen such documents before.  I don't think there

 7    is any need to specifically protect the structure of the document.

 8            And would you also keep in mind, Mr. Piletta-Zanin, that whenever

 9    we touch upon a point which might be sensitive that we turn into closed

10    session.

11            Then please proceed.  The document is not to be put on the ELMO.

12            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President, in order to use

13    the time as best as possible, while this document is being provided to the

14    booths, I'll ask the witness some other questions.

15       Q.   Witness, with regard to the PTT building in Sarajevo and the

16    surrounding area - and I'm referring to the parameter of the building, the

17    surroundings of the building - what can you tell us about this, please?

18       A.   The PTT building, it was a highscraper where four stages were

19    occupied by UN personnel, and it had two stages down, and a basement and

20    so.  Our living room was facing two blocks of flats, and in front of our

21    room was a road, and nearby was a small river, and this is geographic --

22       Q.   Thank you.  But my question did not really have to do with the

23    geography, but I will be more precise.  What can you tell us about the

24    building's parameter, the PTT building's parameter?  And I mean, it's

25    possible -- the legal character, was there a certain zone which made it

Page 18249

 1    possible to distinguish it from other zones around the PTT building?  Was

 2    there a certain legal zone?

 3       A.   The PTT had walls made from sandbags.  That's why if you see it,

 4    it had a -- like a white band.  It was distinguishable from --

 5       Q.   In the orders that you received or in the administrative

 6    instructions that you had, was there anything that said that something

 7    could or could not be done within a certain parameter surrounding the

 8    so-called PTT building?  Did it define in this sense a zone surrounding

 9    it?  Have you understood the question?

10       A.   Yes, I think so.  First of all, according to standard procedures,

11    any of UN personnel couldn't leave PTT without flak jacket and helmet,

12    what is concern UN personnel.  And according to UN rules and there was a

13    zone of 500 metres which were not permitted for any warring parties to be

14    present.

15       Q.   Thank you.  Witness, since you mentioned this zone of 500 metres,

16    I have two questions:  Was a diameter or a sort of area -- no, a diameter

17    or a range.  For the English translation, not range.  It would sooner be

18    radius, I think.  Thank you.  How were these 500 metres calculated?

19       A.   Well, easily to explain, it was 500 metres from sandbags or from

20    fence which was around PTT, and it was -- it could be designed visually.

21    There was no special measuring, I think.

22       Q.   Thank you.  But would you agree with me in considering this as a

23    global zone of 1.000 metres on both sides of the building, 500 metres to

24    the east and 500 metres to the west?  Is that your testimony?

25       A.   Yes, this is 500 metres from the wall to west, east, north,

Page 18250

 1    and ...

 2       Q.   Thank you.  So we're speaking about a radius of 500 metres.  Why

 3    was this zone there, and what was it called?

 4       A.   Well, it was a safe zone for UN, just to protect UN personnel from

 5    shelling, from firing and soldiers.

 6       Q.   Very well.  Nevertheless, did you ever personally hear shots that

 7    had been fired from this area?  Did you hear these shots?

 8       A.   Two times I do remember that when there was a severe violation

 9    from Bosnia side, when they penetrated to this zone and made a couple of

10    shots.  The first time, I remember it very well because there was a small

11    table tennis championship.  And when we started to play - I don't remember

12    for what place and -- in coffee room - and there was two outgoing shots.

13    And in -- very soon there was retaliation, and even a couple of sandbags

14    just fell down this coffee room.

15       Q.   Thank you.  Witness, why did these shots -- why did these outgoing

16    shots occur?  Or as you said, there was a security zone -- around the

17    building?  Do you know anything about that?

18            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  I object, Mr. President.  Inviting the witness

19    to speculate.

20            JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Piletta-Zanin.

21            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] I wanted to know whether the

22    witness knew or did not know, not whether he was imagining something.

23    It's nothing that he has to speculate about.

24            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Witness, you may answer that question.  And

25    please do it in such a way that the Chamber will know what's the basis of

Page 18251

 1    your knowledge.

 2            THE WITNESS:  As I mentioned before, at that time not only

 3    me - there was maybe tens of people in coffee room - and we heard -- I

 4    personally heard outgoing shots from mortar, and I can say it was mortar

 5    82 millimetres approximately, according to the sound.  And everybody was

 6    very angry about this because it was strictly prohibited to provocate near

 7    UN camp because it can endanger UN personnel.  It always was very strong

 8    protest from headquarter Sarajevo.  And I do remember two times in the

 9    headquarter it happened and once it was during my engineer mission.

10            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation]

11       Q.   Yes.  But the question was whether you knew the reasons for which

12    these shots had been provoked.  If you don't, you can just say that you

13    don't.

14       A.   I can say that -- and I will tell common opinion of the people who

15    were present there.  It was pure provocation.

16       Q.   For what purpose?

17       A.   Maybe to -- to receive backfire, and in this case to make opposing

18    side to be guilty for these might-be casualties or destruction for UN.

19       Q.   Thank you.  Witness, this security zone that you have spoken

20    about, the radius of which was 500 metres, was it also used for other

21    military buildings used by the UN forces, such as, for example,

22    observation posts?

23       A.   It was a general rule for all UN positions, for all UN camps and

24    so where UN personnel present permanently there was this security zone,

25    500 metres.

Page 18252

 1       Q.   Thank you.  I would like to be as precise as possible.  Does your

 2    answer as a result include the observation posts that we know are

 3    sometimes located in normal houses?  Did your answer also refer to these

 4    posts?

 5       A.   I cannot say exactly what was concerning UNMO's observation post

 6    because sometimes they moved from one post to another, but I think this

 7    rule was -- was used for any UN position.

 8       Q.   Thank you.  Do you personally know about other provocative

 9    situations that might have occurred at sites other than that of the PTT

10    building?

11       A.   Well, as I mentioned before, during engineering mission when we

12    came at the place where repair workers were supposed to be started, there

13    came five or six people armed and there was a -- some exchange of words

14    between local workers, and this is so-called words, and then there was

15    outgoing firing from small arm fire.

16       Q.   Thank you.  Witness, we are now going to be examining some

17    documents.  First of all, I would like to ask you whether you recognise

18    each of the three documents, and then I will move on to more specific

19    questions.

20            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] With your permission,

21    Mr. President.

22            Thank you.

23       Q.   Witness, first of all, could you have a look at the first

24    document, bearing the number 925.  Do you have it in front of you?

25       A.   925?  No.

Page 18253

 1            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  It's P925 at the very top.

 2            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, if I may just point out, this is

 3    a Rule 70 document and it has not been cleared, as well as Witness Y, who

 4    is a protected witness, his name is on this document.

 5            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  That's first of all the reason why I said that

 6    it could not be put on the ELMO.

 7            If, Mr. Piletta-Zanin, if you would --

 8            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] I won't have any questions,

 9    Mr. President, including those -- including names.

10            JUDGE ORIE:  You're not --

11            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  Including names.

12            JUDGE ORIE:  No.  But I would say the information in the document

13    as such is protected.  So therefore, we should then deal with it in closed

14    session, unless the questions are of such a general nature that they would

15    not jeopardise in whatever way -- if, for example -- let me just assume,

16    say, well, we read the word "Howitzer."  In the document.  Could you tell

17    us what a Howitzer is.  That would not reveal anything, I would say, would

18    be protected.  But as soon as it comes to the content -- or if, for

19    example, you would ask about the system of reporting, that's fine.  But as

20    soon as we come to the content of the document itself, whether names or

21    other events, we should respect the -- we should respect the --

22            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President, in order not to

23    waste time, will the Prosecution tell me what its position is in relation

24    to the two other documents with regard to this question concerning

25    confidential information.

Page 18254

 1            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  With regard to those two documents,

 2    Mr. President, the Rule 70 has been cleared.

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  So that's only 925 that is --

 4            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Yes, Mr. President.

 5            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  And 925, in order to avoid whatever problem,

 6    while copying -- specifically the number, what I take to be 925 at the

 7    top, is only half copied.  But let's talk about 918, 932, and then the

 8    third one we all consider that to be 925.

 9            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, in an abundance of caution,

10    since all three documents have been tendered under seal, perhaps if

11    evidence is dealt with with regard that these three document, we could go

12    into private session.

13            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  If we don't put it on the ELMO and go into

14    private session, that would perhaps be the best solution.

15            Let's in order to work as efficiently as possible go into private

16    session and let's keep in mind that as soon as it's not necessary anymore,

17    to go into open session again.

18                          [Private session]

19  (redacted)

20  (redacted)

21  (redacted)

22  (redacted)

23  (redacted)

24  (redacted)

25  (redacted)

Page 18255












12  Blank pages inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13  English transcripts.













Page 18256












12  Pages 18256 to 18270 – redacted – private session














Page 18271

 1  (redacted)

 2  (redacted)

 3                          [Open session]

 4            MS. MAHINDARATNE:

 5       Q.   Let me put it to you in a different way:  In the case of incoming

 6    rounds, there are factors such as sound, smoke, and perhaps the field of

 7    vibration which are factors which would assist UNMO to observe the

 8    incoming round.  Isn't that the case?

 9       A.   Yes, of course.

10       Q.   In the case of outgoing rounds, there is no smoke.

11       A.   Obviously.

12       Q.   And perhaps the field of vibration is not as much as in the case

13    of an incoming round?

14       A.   Well, it's not as in -- even former military, just -- I only can

15    repeat it.  It depends on the distance.  For example, if you even heard

16    what a tank fires and what is an explosion, for example, anti-aircraft

17    calibre shots, it's a big difference.  Well, it's -- if we say of specific

18    case with distances. But generally it's -- we have to follow the

19    situation.

20       Q.   If you consider that all these elements the distances were the

21    same with regard to an incoming round as well as an outgoing round, would

22    you not agree with me that factors such as sound, smoke, and the feel of

23    the vibration assists one in monitoring or observing an incoming round

24    much better than an outgoing round?

25       A.   Okay.  Finally I understood what you're asking me.  Well, of

Page 18272

 1    course.  For all this is three parameters, like smoke, like just light,

 2    when it's explosion, and vibration.  Of course, it's more easily could be

 3    observed by anybody.

 4       Q.   Additionally wasn't it the case - of course, the documents have

 5    now been removed from your table - but wasn't it the case that the

 6    documents itself in the first paragraph explained the reasons for

 7    the -- the fact that -- as to why the incoming rounds and the outgoing

 8    rounds did not correspond to each other?  Did you read the first

 9    paragraph, sir?

10       A.   Yes.  And I read the first paragraph and the last paragraph, and

11    there is excuse that that's why these figures don't maybe correspond the

12    figure of outgoing and incoming.  And at the end of this SHOOTREP, there's

13    an excuse for maybe not a high accuracy of all the numbers.

14       Q.   You spoke of an incident when you went on an engineering mission

15    where some people had -- got involved in a shooting incident after an

16    argument.

17       A.   There was no argument.  Well, if I described maybe in some

18    details.  When we came on the place, where five or six people came with

19    arms, they greeted workers -- local workers who came with me, and Canadian

20    escort officer and soldiers, me as well, and then we were about to start

21    our mission.  Very close, maybe 50 metres from us, there was small arms

22    fire, outgoing fire.  I can say it was automatic rifle exactly.  And then

23    in -- very soon we had back -- how can I say -- retaliation from opposite

24    side.  It was a mortar.

25       Q.   Do you remember the location?

Page 18273

 1       A.   No, I don't remember exactly the location.  But if I see the

 2    situation report and my report when I drew after I came from this mission

 3    and -- well, I would tell exactly what was the location.

 4       Q.   Was it at the confrontation line?

 5       A.   Yes, it was very close to confrontation line.

 6       Q.   On which territory?  On territory held by the Bosnian army or

 7    the --

 8       A.   The Bosnian army.  Of course.

 9       Q.   You spoke of a Ukrainian officer informing you that part of the

10    Tito barracks was occupied by the logistic branch of the BH army.  Can you

11    identify that person who told you this.  Do you remember the name of that

12    person?

13       A.   It was not only one but many Ukrainian officers, because they

14    lived there every day.  They communicated with local people.  And that's

15    why they were there for me a source of information.  And I can just name

16    any company commander or platoon commander and so on.  If you need --

17    Albert Bondarchuk.  Who else?  Vorchak, Vladimir.

18       Q.   If I may interrupt you.

19       A.   I can name you maybe all officers if I had a list and -- everybody

20    knew it.

21       Q.   Which part of the building was this?  Was it on the -- the north,

22    the east, the west, or the south?

23       A.   If I see the sketch of this place -- but as I mentioned before,

24    there was two -- two buildings occupied by Dutch concern and our

25    battalion.  And then there was a fence and there was another territory,

Page 18274

 1    and I was told there was some logistical element.

 2       Q.   If I may assist you in trying to ascertain the direction.  You

 3    know the -- the road referred to as the sniper alley, which goes from east

 4    to west or west to east through the city?

 5       A.   Yes.  This is the main street which we used to go from Ukrainian

 6    Battalion to PTT.

 7       Q.   Now, if you take the side of the Tito barracks which faces sniper

 8    alley as south, now would you be able to tell me on which side this

 9    logistic branch was, whether it was the north, the south, the east, or the

10    west?

11       A.   Well, I still be more sure if I had a sketch of this territory and

12    so.

13            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, with your permission, just to

14    assist the witness to get the direction, if I may just show a map which

15    has been used right through.

16            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, you may.  And would you use as neutral names as

17    possible for streets you want to describe.

18            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Very well, Mr. President.

19            May I have that back.  I don't think that is an appropriate map to

20    show, Mr. President.

21            JUDGE ORIE:  Ms. Mahindaratne, could you perhaps -- it's a very

22    small area, I would say.  Could you make sure that you have a suitable map

23    after the break and then put that question to the witness and now proceed

24    with other matters --

25            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Very well, Mr. President.

Page 18275

 1            JUDGE ORIE:  So that you have 20 minutes to make the right cut of

 2    the map you would need.

 3            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Very well, Mr. President.

 4            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Then proceed.

 5            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, that would be my last question.

 6            JUDGE ORIE:  Oh, it would be your last question.  Well, we could

 7    really do two things right now.  But if you have a good map that really

 8    suits your purpose, then you could do it now.  Otherwise -- we have a --

 9    we very often use a coloured map which covers the whole city and -- I

10    don't think that's the one you have in your hands by now.

11            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  [Microphone not activated] I have the coloured

12    map, Mr. President.  It's just that I've made some markings and it would

13    the --

14            JUDGE ORIE:  No.  You should use a clean one.

15            Perhaps we could -- even if it would be the last question, perhaps

16    better have the break now and you take a good map, perhaps enlarge the

17    part you need during the break, and we'll then resume at --

18                          [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

19            JUDGE ORIE:  I think it would be -- Mr. Kruk, we expect that you'd

20    be here only briefly after that.  It depends on whether there are any

21    additional questions to be put to you.  But we'll first adjourn so that

22    the Prosecution is able to prepare a proper map that you could use, and

23    we'll then resume at twenty-five minutes to 1.00 and then have no further

24    break any more and continue until 1.45.

25            Yes.  We'll adjourn until then.

Page 18276

 1                          --- Recess taken at 12.14 p.m.

 2                          --- On resuming at 12.39 p.m.

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  Ms. Mahindaratne, did you manage to get the map?

 4            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Yes, Mr. President.  But of course it's

 5    not -- it does not show the Tito barracks in a larger scale.  I just

 6    merely --

 7            JUDGE ORIE:  Okay.  Let's see how far we come with this map, and

 8    perhaps that could then be put on the ELMO --

 9            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Very well, Mr. President.

10            JUDGE ORIE:  -- When you ask the witness questions about it.

11            Could then the witness be brought into the courtroom.

12                          [The witness entered court]

13            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Thank you, Mr. Usher.

14            Ms. Mahindaratne, please proceed.

15            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  If I may have the assistance of the usher just

16    to place the map, this area, on the ELMO.

17            JUDGE ORIE:  Perhaps you could zoom in on the ...

18            MS. MAHINDARATNE:

19       Q.   Sir, can you identify the Tito barracks on this map?

20       A.   There is not good light.

21            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  The map may be moved to the right a little

22    perhaps.  The map can be moved to the right and the camera zoom in on the

23    area.

24            JUDGE NIETO-NAVIA:  I take it that you don't have copies -- copies

25    for us.

Page 18277

 1            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  No, Your Honour.  Within the time period I had,

 2    I couldn't --

 3            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President, I am sorry to

 4    interrupt, but we have a number of copies here that we will gladly give

 5    for the disposal of everyone.  And on this map you can also see the

 6    barracks.  With great pleasure, the Defence will offer copies to everyone.

 7            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  I'm thankful to my learned friend.

 8            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  I take it that's a copy of the same map.

 9            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Yes.

10            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

11            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] It's a tourist plan of

12    Sarajevo.

13            JUDGE ORIE:  It will certainly assist us to have the map.  If it's

14    be enlarged, it might even be given to the witness if this is an enlarged

15    part.  If not, then ...

16            MS. PILIPOVIC: [Interpretation] Yes, but Your Honour, I was

17    planning to use this map for the examination of the next witness.  I can

18    provide it to be used now.

19            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  There will not be markings on this map, just

20    to --

21            JUDGE ORIE:  There will be no markings.  So we'll return it to

22    you.

23            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  If the cameras could zoom in on the map.

24            THE WITNESS:  I think this is --

25       Q.   Can you identify Tito barracks on the map, sir?

Page 18278

 1       A.   Well, if -- if I am not mistaken, I think this is Tito barracks on

 2    the left side of the --

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Could perhaps that part of the map that the

 4    witness just pointed at be put in the centre of the map and that the

 5    witness again indicates.

 6            Yes.  Could you -- could you again point at it, Mr. Kruk.

 7            THE WITNESS:  I think this is the Tito barracks.

 8            MS. MAHINDARATNE:

 9       Q.   Now, sir, can you examine that area and indicate as to on which

10    side or which part of the barracks was the logistic branch of the BH.

11       A.   Well, I can say that -- that the entry of our -- just not

12    our -- Ukrainian Battalion was stationed at Tito barracks.  There was one

13    building here there was three companies, and Dutch com centre.  And here

14    was headquarter.  And there was after fence as -- well, actually, I was

15    told that after -- after -- next to barracks there is another barracks

16    which were occupied.  But you have to understand, I was only four times

17    driving by APC, and what I was interested just to visit some of people and

18    our officer mess and that's all, and all I can describe, the UN camp.

19       Q.   Sir, I take it then that you yourself personally did not see or do

20    not know --

21       A.   Yes, I --

22       Q.   --  As to whether there was in fact the logistic branch of the BH

23    army located at this premises.  You can only speak of what has been told

24    to you.

25       A.   Yes, of course.  As I mentioned before, I was told by a local

Page 18279

 1    officer -- I mean Ukrainian officers, because they lived there.  They knew

 2    the area much better.

 3       Q.   You cannot say even on which side of this complex the --

 4       A.   I --

 5       Q.   If I may finish my question.

 6       A.   Okay.

 7       Q.   Of this complex the logistic branch was located at.

 8       A.   I know that it was next to the UN camp where Ukrainian Battalion

 9    was stationed.  And I only remember how building where our units were were

10    situated on this territory.  And -- and what was going on behind the fence

11    which were surrounded Ukrainian Battalion, well, I cannot say exactly.

12    Only from words which I heard from our officers.

13       Q.   When you use the word "behind," are you referring to the northern

14    side of the complex?  When you say "behind," it's behind from the

15    direction you're looking at, this map, would you say the side on the

16    north?

17       A.   I think where was end of building where was headquarter of our

18    company.  There was continuation of building.  Maybe there was the element

19    of -- of BH army.  But I am not sure.  First of all, it's ten years past,

20    and I was driving there only four or five times.  And I was not interested

21    in this information, actually.

22       Q.   Just one last question.

23       A.   It only -- for me it was general information.

24       Q.   Just one last question on this:  On which side was the Ukrainian

25    Battalion located?  On the northern side?

Page 18280

 1            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President.

 2            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 3            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] For the sake of the

 4    transcript, perhaps before the witness answers this question, it would be

 5    very useful to indicate that just a minute again the witness encircled

 6    certain parts of the --

 7            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  I do agree.  The question is what he pointed at

 8    exactly.  But perhaps he could combine these two questions, since the

 9    cooperation between the parties is --

10            You have -- you have been asked now by Ms. Mahindaratne where the

11    Ukrainian Battalion was, and you -- one minute ago approximately you

12    pointed at a certain part of what you indicated to be the Tito barracks,

13    and that was, I would say, the wing that goes east-west on the northern

14    side of the complex, just below where it reads "Put Zivota."  Did you

15    intend to indicate that the Ukrainian Battalion was stationed there had in

16    that part of the complex?

17            THE WITNESS:  Yes.  I think it was stationed here.

18            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  The witness is now pointing at the western wing

19    and the northern wing but only the western half of it.  Do you have

20    further questions, Ms. Mahindaratne?

21            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  The map may be returned.

22            I have only a couple of questions, Mr. President, to conclude

23    cross-examination, contrary to what I indicated --

24            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  You're also distinguishing between your last

25    and your very last question.

Page 18281

 1            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President.

 2            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 3            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] In order to avoid too much

 4    work for the you should and Madam Registrar, but I can see it's already

 5    too late, I would suggest that you retain possession of the maps.

 6            Could the usher please return.  Could he approach us.

 7            [In English] Could you return the maps, please.  And with your

 8    leave, of course, Mr. President, could you redistribute them to --

 9            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  You have additional questions to that.

10            Okay.  You put your next questions, and meanwhile the maps can be

11    redistributed again.

12            Please proceed, Ms. Mahindaratne.

13            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Thank you, Mr. President.

14       Q.   Witness, you testified that there was a 500-metres radius around

15    the PTT building, on all four sides of the PTT building which was

16    considered to be -- if I may use the word, safe zone?

17       A.   Yes, I do.

18       Q.   Was there a fence which demarcated that boundary line?

19       A.   No.  There was no boundaries for the very 500 metres.

20       Q.   Were there sandbags or some type of -- of something that

21    demarcated that line, the 500-metre radius, from the outside area?

22       A.   In front of PTT direction to the road, there was a sandbag fence,

23    where as far as I remember, there was a French checkpoint for incoming

24    vehicle, just to -- to protect the area where passengers left cars, APCs,

25    and so.  But if I was looking from our window where we lived, and there

Page 18282

 1    was no fence -- I mean, this is 500 metres.

 2       Q.   Is it your position, then, that there were guards -- you referred

 3    to the term "French officers," or -- "French checkpoint."  You used the

 4    word "French checkpoint."  Was there --

 5       A.   Yes, it was a French checkpoint.  There was just a corps company,

 6    a headquarter company who was responsible for guarding for everything

 7    concerning security of headquarter Sarajevo and PTT building itself.

 8       Q.   So the French checkpoint guarded the 500-metre radius around the

 9    PTT building.

10       A.   Well, actually, they guarded all the area which could be seen from

11    their checkpoints.

12            JUDGE ORIE:  I noticed that there might be some confusion.  When

13    you're talking about the French officers guarding, did you mean to say

14    that they were guarding the 500-metre line, or were they guarding close to

15    the building where approximately it goes to the road?

16            THE WITNESS:  Actually, they guarded all the area which they could

17    observe, not only this 500 metres.  500 metres it was a special distance

18    where warring parties couldn't be.  But from the point of view of

19    security, French guards, they guarded all situation around.  And by the

20    way, they had the one observation post on the roof.

21            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  But how close were they to the building where

22    they --

23            THE WITNESS:  Oh, the PTT building.

24            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

25            THE WITNESS:  Well, there was some curve, approximately

Page 18283

 1    maybe -- maybe 100 metres.

 2            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 3            Please proceed, Ms. Mahindaratne.

 4            MS. MAHINDARATNE:

 5       Q.   Was the French checkpoint positioned in such a way to observe the

 6    500-metre radius around the PTT building?

 7       A.   Yes, in places where it was possible, they observed.

 8       Q.   If a mortar or an artillery round was fired from outside this

 9    500-metre radius, you would still hear the sound from the building; isn't

10    that the case?

11       A.   Yes, of course.

12       Q.   So if --

13       A.   I --

14       Q.   Yes.

15       A.   Well, if I had that -- it depends where one was present at that

16    time, was the window opened and many things which could affect and just

17    to -- to define exactly the distance.  But if there was a close outgoing

18    fire, it was heard.

19            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  No more questions, Mr. President.

20            JUDGE ORIE:  Thank you, Ms. Mahindaratne.

21            Mr. Piletta-Zanin.

22            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Yes, Mr. President.  I have a

23    certain number of questions.

24            But first of all, could the witness be taken out of the courtroom.

25    There is something I would like to say, with your permission.

Page 18284

 1            JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Usher, will you please escort the witness out of

 2    the courtroom for a moment.

 3                          [The witness stands down]

 4            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Thank you.  Mr. President, I

 5    wanted to say that we should all respect the Rules and in particular the

 6    Prosecution with regard to your Chamber.  I was quite shocked, but I

 7    didn't react so as not to waste any time and so as not to cause an

 8    incident in front of the witness -- I was shocked to see that the

 9    Prosecution did not hesitate to put its own positions in a state of

10    perjury in order to guide the witness.  My learned colleague presented

11    this witness with an incident, said that if there was a shot, there was

12    never smoke, and this was presented as a fact.  If you remember - I can't

13    check it here, because that was in another courtroom - throughout this

14    process, when there is a tank firing in Sarajevo, the Prosecution would

15    ask the witness to verify that fire had been opened from automatic weapons

16    on this tank on the basis that one saw smoke coming out of the barrel, of

17    the cannon.  There were even scenes when one froze the image on the screen

18    to ask the witness whether he saw smoke coming out of the weapon in order

19    to try and obtain the response from the witness.  And today one has

20    presented as an affirmation the contrary.

21            JUDGE ORIE:  Let me first see.  What part are you actually

22    referring to, so I can better refer you to about smoke and --

23            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President, if this has to

24    do with the past, I can't do it.  It was in another hearing that this

25    happened.  But the question is on page 53.  It's page 53.

Page 18285

 1            JUDGE ORIE:  Let's first see what is on page 53.

 2            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  Yes, correct.

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  Would you please refer to the words so it's quicker

 4    to get there.  You said smoke was one of the words?  Then I'll find the --

 5            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] I think it's 53,

 6    Mr. President.  I made a note of it.  The witness said -- "it's evident."

 7            JUDGE ORIE:  Could you please guide me more.  I have the word

 8    "smoke."  First I am looking for --

 9            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  [No interpretation]

10            JUDGE ORIE:  What I read is:  "If you consider that all these

11    elements, the distances were the same with regard to an incoming round as

12    well as an outgoing round, would you not agree with me that factors such

13    as sound --"

14            THE INTERPRETER:  Could you slow down, Mr. President, when you're

15    reading, please.

16            JUDGE ORIE:  "Would you not agree with me that factors such as

17    sound, smoke, and the feel of the vibration assists one in monitoring or

18    observing an incoming round much better than an outgoing round?"  That is

19    where I see "smoke" appearing in a question from the Prosecution.

20            When I did understand your observation, which was put in rather

21    strong words - if I do understand your observation well - you suggested

22    that by asking this question, Ms. Mahindaratne suggested, and therefore as

23    I did understand you well in this way, lured the witness almost into a

24    perjury that -- she suggested that there would be no smoke to be noticed

25    in an outgoing -- when the fire was outgoing --

Page 18286

 1            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Didn't she say that?

 2            JUDGE ORIE:  What I understood this question to be is that smoke,

 3    sound, and the feeling of vibration would give a better opportunity to

 4    observe incoming rounds than outgoing rounds.  I did not understand, for

 5    example, that Ms. Mahindaratne suggested that it would make no noise.

 6    That's the reference to -- that's the sound.

 7            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN:  She has stated this.  I am watching my words.

 8    That's what she stated.

 9            JUDGE ORIE:  No.  She said that there would be a better --

10            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] I disagree with you.  [In

11    English] -- There is no smoke.

12            JUDGE ORIE:  Oh, then I have it wrong.  I did read a part -- and I

13    would be highly appreciate it if you then would --

14            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] That is not the first time,

15    Mr. President.  That is something that --

16            JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Piletta-Zanin, that's exactly the reason why I

17    asked you to guide me to the PLACE you're referring to.  I did read that

18    part.  I did read it slowly in order to give an opportunity to tell that I

19    was reading the right or the wrong part.  So I take it then that you would

20    like to bring me to another part.  Then please guide me further.

21            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] We can find this on page 53,

22    line 5.  It's possible that my computer is not telling the truth.  But if

23    I am saying something and asking the witness to leave, I am not doing this

24    for anyone's amusement, certainly not for that of your Chamber.  And

25    perhaps my words were very strong, but I was very clear that the Defence

Page 18287

 1    cannot admit that within the framework of these proceedings, things are

 2    being said on such important facts and then suddenly tables are turned and

 3    their position, the contrary is stated, while no one, in your Chamber

 4    included, no one reacts.

 5            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Let me just see.  The line you just referred me

 6    to is page 53, line 5.  Let me just first read and see what the context

 7    is.

 8            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, if I may respond.

 9            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Ms. Mahindaratne, I have now seen you have

10    asked in page 52 whether factors such as sound, smoke, and perhaps the

11    field of vibration would be the factors that would assist an UNMO, whether

12    that would be the case.

13            The witness then answered:  "Yes, of course."

14            And then your next question reads in the transcript:  "In the case

15    of outgoing rounds, there's no smoke."

16            And then the witness answers:  "Obviously."

17            Please respond, because that's the part we are dealing with.

18            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, this line of questioning was

19    with regard to the discrepancy, if I may use that word --

20            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

21            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  -- Between the incoming rounds and outgoing

22    rounds.

23            JUDGE ORIE:  That's clear, yes.

24            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Which was with regard to incoming mortar rounds

25    and incoming artillery rounds.  And clearly the witness has understood my

Page 18288

 1    line of questioning because he goes on to say - if I may draw your

 2    attention, Mr. President -

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 4            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  The initial question was:  "Let me put it to

 5    you in a different way.  In the case of incoming rounds, there are factors

 6    such as sound, smoke, and perhaps the field of vibration, which are

 7    factors that would assist UNMO to observe the incoming round.  Isn't that

 8    the case?"

 9            And the witness not only answers, Mr. President, he goes on to say

10    further --

11            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

12            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  -- He says:  "Okay.  Finally I've understood

13    what you are asking me.  Well, of course, for all this is three

14    parameters, like smoke -- like just light when it's explosion and

15    vibration.  Of course it's more easily -- could be easily observed by

16    anybody."

17            Now, clearly in the case of mortars and artillery, there is no

18    smoke when a round is fired.  I think what Mr. Piletta-Zanin is referred

19    to, in terms of the Prosecution's position with regard to being seen smoke

20    at the point of firing is tank fire.

21            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

22            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  And it is certainly not a contradiction in

23    terms of the position taken by the Prosecution.  The line of questioning

24    has been understood very well by the witness, and I cannot see why it

25    cannot be understood by the learned Defence counsel.

Page 18289

 1            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  So I --

 2            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President, may I be heard,

 3    please?

 4            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 5            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] I believe that there are two

 6    words that I can see in English.  We're speaking here about the outgoing

 7    and incoming rounds.  And it is very clear that this question was asked in

 8    general about methods of observation.  We know that there were several.

 9    There were different types of weapons.  There's artillery, in the

10    artillery.  There are tanks that are used in different modes, and the same

11    thing goes for anti-aircraft weapons.  And I believe that this explanation

12    is almost far fetched of -- the Prosecution stated contrary to what they

13    had stated in the past, and we do not accept, and I don't think that the

14    positions can be changed so much in the course of the proceedings unless

15    this is clearly stated.

16            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Now, Mr. Piletta-Zanin, I do understand that

17    you strongly oppose against the way Ms. Mahindaratne expressed herself.

18    What procedural consequences do you think the Chamber should attach to it?

19    Should the answer be struck because the witness was most -- I'm just

20    trying to find out, apart from that you want to express your

21    dissatisfaction with the way the -- Ms. Mahindaratne put her question, in

22    your view, what else, apart from expressing your dissatisfaction, you'd

23    like to Chamber to do about this?  To strike the answer, to -- then we can

24    take a decision, apart from having heard your -- yes.

25            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President, thank you very

Page 18290

 1    much.  But I believe that the Chamber should decide what they have to do.

 2    They have to look at what has been said prior to this in the framework of

 3    the questions that were asked by the Prosecution in relation to the rounds

 4    and when the smoke was mentioned regarding the outgoing fire; the first

 5    solution.  The second solution:  Everything that has to do with this

 6    question has to be stricken.  And that solution is we have to make sure

 7    that this problem doesn't arise again, that this is stressed in

 8    particular, because this has very disagreeable consequences for the

 9    Defence and, of course, for General Galic; for everyone, in fact, inside

10    and around this courtroom.  Thank you.

11            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, if I may.

12            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

13            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  May I propose that the learned Defence counsel

14    produces the -- the portion of the transcript which he says is

15    contradictory to the question that was put to this witness today.

16            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President, with pleasure.

17    But I have already said, and I believe that I am less and less understood

18    and heard, I cannot do it because this hearing happened in another

19    courtroom and we know that the recording of the transcript happening in

20    one courtroom cannot be transferred to another.

21            JUDGE ORIE:  Let me just stop you.  I did understand the request

22    of Ms. Mahindaratne that you would indicate what part of today's

23    transcript should be taken out, ignored, or not being part of the

24    evaluation.  That was, I think, what she asked you to indicate.

25            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Yes.  I am leaving it up to

Page 18291

 1    the Chamber.

 2            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  So your request is to strike out that part of

 3    the transcript that would be contaminated by this question.

 4            The Chamber will consider the matter and give a decision on your

 5    request.

 6            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President.

 7            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 8            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  May I also propose that the learned counsel

 9    suggests that this portion is contradictory to a position taken by the

10    Prosecution, that the portion of that transcript which is supposed to be

11    contradictory to the question put to this witness has not been put forth,

12    not indicated, even in terms of a page number.  So let --

13            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Well, the -- the Defence could not do that ...

14                          [Trial Chamber confers]

15            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Perhaps, Mr. President, if I may just point

16    out:  Over the weekend, Mr. Piletta-Zanin could find the portion of the

17    evidence led by -- or the question taken by the Prosecution.

18            JUDGE ORIE:  I can -- here we find one of the disadvantages of the

19    splitting up the tasks of the -- of the Prosecution.  It's the

20    recollection of the Chamber that evidence has been presented where on a

21    video a tank appears from behind a building - I think it was a

22    house - fires, and I think the Defence is pointing at that video image

23    where it appears that smoke -- there's smoke.  Whether there's firing, I

24    don't know.  But at least there was smoke, and the tank seems to have --

25    and then the tank is hiding again -- I think that's the part the Defence

Page 18292

 1    is referring to, and I think that there is no specific need, if you would

 2    look at the videos --

 3            Yes, Mr. Piletta-Zanin.

 4            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President, thank you very

 5    much, my learned colleague, that she's interested in my weekend

 6    professionally speaking.  I believe that from memory I can say that the

 7    witness was quoted, but now we are going to check whether this was a

 8    protected witness.  And I'm told yes.  So in order not to make an

 9    error -- we believe that was -- that was Witness D, "D" as in "debate,"

10    Mr. President.

11            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, just in the interest of time

12    factor.  If I may clearly point out my question related to mortars and

13    artillery, because that was the larger part of the discrepancy between

14    incoming rounds and outgoing rounds related to that, with regard to the

15    documents that are shown to the witness.

16            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  If any of the parties would like to submit

17    anything more - and I think I gave sufficient guidance to the Prosecution

18    to identify the evidence is Defence is referring to - if any of the

19    parties would add something to what has been said until now, they have an

20    opportunity to do so in writing until next Monday by 12.00.  The Chamber

21    has heard the consequences the Defence considers to be appropriate to be

22    attached to the objection they've made.  The Chamber will then consider

23    the matter and will give a decision on the request.

24            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President.

25            JUDGE ORIE:  And one more question:  I might have misunderstood

Page 18293

 1    you, Ms. Mahindaratne, where I said that you were asking the Defence to

 2    indicate what part of the transcript.  I now -- my attention was drawn to

 3    the fact that you were actually asking the source of where it would have

 4    been the Prosecution's position that smoke did appear when firing a tank.

 5            But the second question would be that Mr. Piletta-Zanin left it to

 6    the Chamber, but the second question then was my question and not yours.

 7            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President, thank you very

 8    much for your position, and I take note, so I will not react during the

 9    weekend - perhaps later on, but I don't think so - but for the time being

10    I'm going to have to ask certain questions about this aspect, regarding

11    the smoke, and I'm going to do it at the same time not knowing what

12    your -- the outcome will be, what your final position will be.

13            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Let's just assume.  Is there any difference in

14    position as far as the Defence and the Prosecution are concerned that a

15    tank firing produces some smoke?

16            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  No, Mr. President.

17            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Wouldn't it be the wisest thing then to do to

18    put to the witness that where it has been said to him that outgoing fire

19    would produce no smoke, that the Prosecution did not suggest with that

20    that none of the weaponry mentioned would produce any smoke when firing

21    and whether if adjusted in this way, the witness would have reason to

22    change his answer.  Would that be a solution that would --

23            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  I would say so.  Yes, Mr. President.

24            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

25            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President, what I am

Page 18294

 1    suggesting is that I can simply ask -- because this procedure shocked me a

 2    great deal -- I can perhaps ask a rather leading question of the witness

 3    whether weapons, AA, tanks, heavy machine-guns included in the artillery,

 4    whether they produced smoke, whether smoke was coming out of those

 5    barrels, and then we can conclude the rest.  And the Defence is not

 6    absolutely certain that large-calibre mortars do not produce a little bit

 7    of smoke, when we know that some of them have propulsive discharges.

 8            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  And then I take it that the answers to those

 9    questions should be considered by the Chamber, isn't it?  Yes.

10            Would it then still be necessary to take a decision on striking

11    out the earlier answers?  Because if they're contradicted, then --

12            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Mr. President.

13            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

14            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] The Defence leaves it up to

15    the authority of your Chamber, whatever the measures are to be taken --

16            JUDGE ORIE:  Let's then try to resolve the matter in

17    re-examination.

18            The witness may be brought into the courtroom again.

19                          [The witness entered court]

20                          [Trial Chamber confers]

21            JUDGE ORIE:  Please proceed, Mr. Piletta-Zanin.

22            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Thank you, Mr. President.

23                          Re-examined by Mr. Piletta-Zanin:

24       Q.   [Interpretation] Witness, I apologise for this interruption.

25    Earlier today you were asked one and even more than one question regarding

Page 18295

 1    the smoke that was produced or not produced by certain weapons when there

 2    are outgoing shots, outgoing rounds.  I am now going to ask you some

 3    questions that, with the leave of everyone, perhaps could be slightly

 4    leading questions.

 5            Witness, weapons such as anti-aircraft cannons, tanks, heavy

 6    machine-guns, field guns, et cetera, these weapons, do they produce smoke

 7    at the moment when the round is fired?  No matter how much there is of

 8    some smoke, but is there some smoke.

 9            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, I object to the use of the word

10    "field guns, et cetera."  These weapons --

11            JUDGE ORIE:  Could you please answer the question in respect of

12    the weaponry mentioned by Mr. Piletta-Zanin.

13            THE WITNESS:  Well, what is concerning all the weapons mentioned

14    are, first of all, we are -- I think the defender meant incoming.  Or

15    maybe I'm confused.

16            JUDGE ORIE:  Let me just --

17            THE WITNESS:  Or maybe it's translation.

18            JUDGE ORIE:  Mr. Kruk, does an anti-aircraft cannon produce smoke

19    even if only a small portion when firing?

20            THE WITNESS:  Of course not.  It's -- actually anti-aircraft

21    cannon, just will produce small fire in the muzzle.  And it's -- they fire

22    one by one or in bursts.

23            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  But the question was:  Would they produce

24    smoke, even if it would be little?

25            THE WITNESS:  No.

Page 18296

 1            JUDGE ORIE:  Then the same question for tanks.

 2            THE WITNESS:  For when outgoing fire doesn't produce smoke.

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  In tanks.

 4            Then heavy machine-guns.

 5            THE WITNESS:  No.

 6            JUDGE ORIE:  Field guns?

 7            THE WITNESS:  No.

 8            JUDGE ORIE:  Please proceed, Mr. Piletta-Zanin.

 9            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Thank you.

10       Q.   Witness, you were asked about the sensations you could feel at the

11    level of vibrations in the field, the physical vibrations and the sound

12    you could hear and other sensations.  The question I want to ask you has

13    to do with the military observers, whether on the Lima or Papa side, were

14    they close to monitored pieces.  And in particular, when we are referring

15    or if we are discussing outgoing fire.

16       A.   What does it mean "pieces"?

17       Q.   I apologise.  It was a translation error.  Weapons.  Pieces would

18    refer to the battery.

19       A.   Mm-hm.

20       Q.   Or any other kind of weapon.

21       A.   Most of these weapons, they were stationed in closed [Realtime

22    transcript read in error "those"] positions.  And in this case UNMOs could

23    only hear the outgoing fire from these kind of weapons.

24            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Just for the transcript, I wonder whether the

25    witness said "those positions" or "closed positions."

Page 18297

 1            JUDGE ORIE:  Could we ask the witness to repeat his answer.

 2            THE WITNESS:  Well, closed positions, it means a weapon like

 3    mortar, like artillery.  It's stationed on the closed position.  It means

 4    it cannot be seen.  It's a military term, actually.

 5            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Yes.  Mr. President, it's

 6    closed position.  Thank you.

 7       Q.   So in fact, these are positions the location of which you weren't

 8    aware of; is that correct?

 9       A.   You mean positions which UNMO were aware or -- because this

10    questions referred to UNMOs.

11       Q.   This still has to do with the observers.  It's still in relation

12    to the observers.

13       A.   Of course they knew this approximate location of these positions,

14    and that's why they could [Realtime transcript read in error "couldn't"]

15    monitor when these kind of weapons were fired and so on.

16       Q.   Very well.

17            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President --

18            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation].

19       Q.   Witness --

20            THE WITNESS:  It's a correction.

21            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  As I recall, the witness said that's "why they

22    could monitor" and it has been recorded as "couldn't monitor."

23            THE WITNESS:  Could, could, could.

24            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  It has been rectified.

25            Please proceed.

Page 18298

 1            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation]

 2       Q.   Thank you, witness.  And as a result, in relation to this question

 3    of whether it was close or not, did the observation units, the UN

 4    observation unit have the obligation of holding positions by the weapons

 5    in question -- the weapons in question?

 6       A.   What does it mean "holding"?  What does it mean to hold positions?

 7       Q.   [In English] To have people on site.  Only to have people on site,

 8    next to the weapons.  Still talking about UNMOs, of course.  Was that an

 9    obligation; yes or no?

10       A.   Obligations to keep UNMOs next to these positions.

11       Q.   Correct.  Next to the weapons.

12       A.   Well, as far as -- as far as I remember, military observers were

13    placed especially for their purpose to monitor cease-fire violations.  It

14    means outgoing/incoming fire.  And the positions were chosen to have a

15    possibility to monitor as much as possible territory which were -- which

16    led just from observation post.  But as well, it was taken in

17    consideration that these observation posts were not so close to -- to

18    confrontation line and to positions which existed at that time on

19    confrontation line.

20       Q.   [Interpretation] Thank you.  Witness, can you remind us - because

21    we're always discussing the matter of positions - how many positions were

22    there, as far as you know, in terms of the Papa and the Lima position, as

23    far as your stay there is concerned, during that period?

24            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] And with the assistance of the

25    usher, we could put the map on the ELMO in order to save time.

Page 18299

 1            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, I object.

 2            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 3            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  This is not a matter that arose in

 4    cross-examination.

 5            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, Mr. --

 6            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Can I respond briefly.  I

 7    think it did, because the problem is as follows.  We're talking about

 8    physical sensations and visual sensations.  Obviously if there are many

 9    places next to the weapons, this is understandable.  But if it's all

10    dispersed, it's less understandable.

11            JUDGE ORIE:  If we -- I don't know what the purpose of this

12    question is.  We heard evidence on where the Papa and Lima observation

13    posts were very specific in certain parts of time.  It's not my

14    recollection that there was great disagreement between the parties on the

15    positions of the Papa and Lima observation posts during that time.  So

16    therefore, I wonder whether -- unless --

17            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] There's a difference with

18    regard to one point.  One of the points it changed.  But I don't want to

19    talk about this in front of the witness.

20            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  But I don't think that it arises out from

21    cross-examination to go through positions of all the Lima posts.  But

22    if -- of course, if it would be of any assistance for any of your next

23    questions, then we could just ask whether he knows where they were and

24    then put the next question and just assume that where this 95 per cent

25    agreement --

Page 18300

 1            Yes, please.

 2            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] That's the case.  Thank you.

 3       Q.   Could you answer the question, such as it has been phrased, and

 4    first with regard to Papa.

 5       A.   Well, as far as I remember, the situation was as follows:  We had

 6    five Papas placed in different parts of the city.  And what is concerning

 7    Lima:  They actually reported in a different way.  I can explain why,

 8    because sometimes --

 9            JUDGE ORIE:  No.  First the question was whether you were aware of

10    where these observation posts --

11            THE WITNESS:  Yes, of course.

12            JUDGE ORIE:  You know that.

13            Okay.  Please proceed.

14            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Yes.  Thank you,

15    Mr. President.

16       Q.   On the basis of your answer, witness, and bearing in mind what you

17    yourself answered, with regard to the traces of smoke, the flashes, et

18    cetera, from these five Papa posts was it possible to have a global view

19    on all the sides of the town -- of all the sides of the town, including

20    the sides of buildings?  And when I say "global," I mean the totality.

21       A.   Well, I can say that I don't think it was possible to cover all

22    the areas.

23       Q.   Thank you.  I'll stop you there.  This is why I asked you my

24    question.  If, for example, there is a shot which intervenes on the

25    side -- which happens on the side of a facade which is not visible and at

Page 18301

 1    a certain distance from a Papa post or Papa posts, what is the sensation

 2    that allows you to report on its existence, if of course there are any

 3    such elements, since you can't see a flash and you can't see any smoke?

 4       A.   I think we returned the same situation as it was before.  From one

 5    point -- at that time I was an ops officer but not UNMO.  Of course you

 6    are right.  If you cannot see the light when explosion just hit the ground

 7    or something, you cannot -- well, you can see some black smoke, but it

 8    depends on many things as well, but --

 9       Q.   Very well.  I have to stop you.  I've got the gist of your answer.

10    My question is as follows.  And I'm now referring to mortars, to mortar

11    shells.  This type of a mortar, does it produce a lot of smoke, not very

12    much smoke, or whatever, when it explodes?

13       A.   Yes, of course.  It produces smoke.

14       Q.   The question was:  A lot or a little?

15       A.   It depends on the calibre of mortar.

16       Q.   Thank you.  This will be my very last question.

17            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] Could we put the map on the

18    ELMO again, please.

19       Q.   Witness, you said that the logistics section that you reported to

20    was, and I quote:  [In English] "Next to UN camp."  [Interpretation] That

21    is to say, right next to the installation in question.  You mentioned the

22    rail.  Could you tell us where this separation fence was located, if you

23    know anything about this.  Could you tell us roughly.

24       A.   Here was, I believe, our --

25            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, I object.  I'm sorry.  I came in

Page 18302

 1    a little late.  The witness did not report that there was a logistic

 2    section.  He only merely said that --

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  Ms. Mahindaratne, we have been talking about a

 4    logistic section of which we all know that the witness heard that it was

 5    there and that he was told what the position of that base was that was

 6    behind the fence.  So let's just hear whether there's any further

 7    information and whether there might have been something else there

 8    that -- we do not know yet.

 9            Please proceed.

10            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation]

11       Q.   Yes.  Could you simply answer the question, because I didn't hear

12    that.  Would you be capable of pinpointing on this map very roughly the

13    position of the fence that you mentioned.

14       A.   Well, the building was divided just two ways:  This way and this

15    way.  And here somewhere was the end of UN camp, somewhere here.

16       Q.   Very well.  And the separation line, the fence itself, did it

17    continue in the barracks?

18       A.   Well, actually, that area, where was the fence, there was a

19    storage place for battalion, and I actually -- maybe I went there once.

20    That's why -- I don't remember details.

21       Q.   Very well.  Witness, with regard to your visits, you stated that

22    you went there three or four times.  It doesn't really matter how many

23    times.  I'd like to know whether when you went there, perhaps later, do

24    you know if there were any exchanges of fire in that zone?

25       A.   Well, when I was -- when I visited battalion at that time, I heard

Page 18303

 1    only from the territory of this battalion some -- a few explosions, and

 2    most of information I had from Ukrainian officers or from daily situation

 3    report.

 4       Q.   But do you know whether there were any exchanges of fire in the

 5    zone, small arms?

 6       A.   Yes.  According to reports of our battalion, there was some

 7    exchange of fire, some shelling.

 8       Q.   Thank you very much.

 9            MR. PILETTA-ZANIN: [Interpretation] No further questions,

10    Mr. President.

11            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  For the sake of the transcript, I refer to

12    where the witness is pointing at when he indicated where the fence would

13    have been.  He was pointing at the northern wing of what he indicated to

14    be the Tito barracks, approximately in the middle of that wing.

15            And may I ask you just for one clarification of your last answer:

16    When you said your exchange of fire, it was reported in one of the

17    questions that said when you heard exchange of fire when you were there.

18    Could you please clarify on whether, apart from exchange of fire being

19    reported, that there had also been exchange of fire when you visited the

20    battalion.

21            THE WITNESS:  When I visited battalion, I didn't hear any exchange

22    of fire.  I heard some explosions but not -- not very close to location of

23    our battalion.  It was actually somewhere on some distance.

24            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

25                          [Trial Chamber confers]

Page 18304

 1            JUDGE ORIE:  I have one question for you, Mr. Kruk.

 2                          Questioned by the Court:

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  You said that when you were on your engineering

 4    mission that once small arm fire took place, that very soon retaliation by

 5    a mortar took place.  Could you tell us what you understood to be "very

 6    soon."  How much time elapsed approximately between the fire from small

 7    arms and the retaliation by mortar fire?

 8       A.   Maybe 10, 15 minutes.

 9            JUDGE ORIE:  Thank you for your answer.

10            Mr. Kruk -- and I don't think this causes any questions.

11            Mr. Kruk, this concludes your evidence in this court.  You've

12    answered many questions from the parties and there was only one question

13    from the Bench.  Nevertheless, we thank you for having answered all our

14    questions, and we'd like to wish you a safe journey home again.

15            We will adjourn until next Monday.  We are sitting again in --

16            Yes, Ms. Mahindaratne.

17            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Mr. President, still the Prosecution has no

18    indication as to the schedule of witnesses for next week.  The fact that,

19    in fact, DP2 is coming on Tuesday and not Monday was also indicated when I

20    raised that issue this morning.

21            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Perhaps we could deal with these matters

22    not -- I mean, there's nothing against the presence of the witness, but I

23    don't know whether he's that much interested to hear our procedural

24    issues.

25            So Mr. Usher, would you please escort Mr. Kruk out of the

Page 18305

 1    courtroom.

 2                          [The witness withdrew]

 3            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes, Ms. Mahindaratne.

 4            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  Yes, Mr. President.  It's only this morning

 5    when I -- there was this issue as to what would happen when DP2 comes on

 6    Monday that we were informed that in fact DP2 will be coming only on

 7    Tuesday.

 8            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 9            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  So we would be thankful if the Defence could

10    indicate and give us notice of the schedule of witnesses for next week.

11            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  Could the --

12            MS. PILIPOVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, the Defence provided

13    the Prosecution with a submission in good time in which it said which

14    witnesses would be appearing next week.  I am now trying to see whether I

15    have brought that submission with me, but I am sure that I informed them.

16    And according to the schedule, given the current situation, on Monday we

17    were to continue with examining Bukva Milorad and then Milenko Indjic on

18    Monday, but DP2 is also a witness who should be examined that week.

19            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  And the names you just mentioned are not

20    protected or there's not sought any protection for them?

21            MS. PILIPOVIC: [Interpretation] No.  Mr. President --

22            MS. MAHINDARATNE:  The letter learned counsel is referring to does

23    not indicate as to who's coming when.  Just the names have been given in

24    a --

25            JUDGE ORIE:  With whom are we starting next Monday,

Page 18306

 1    Ms. Pilipovic?  Is it in the order you indicated just when you read the

 2    names?

 3            MS. PILIPOVIC: [Interpretation] Yes, Your Honour.

 4            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 5            MS. PILIPOVIC: [Interpretation] That's the only possibility, since

 6    the witnesses are here.  But I'll provide this today.  I'll provide the

 7    time and the schedule, yes.

 8            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.

 9            MS. PILIPOVIC: [Interpretation] As for the remainder of the week,

10    the witness suggests Sinisa Krsman and Sasa Knezevic.

11            JUDGE ORIE:  Yes.  In respect of this list, did we receive

12    summaries or are they separate?

13            Ms. Pilipovic, perhaps we'll go into private session for one

14    second.

15                          [Private session]

16  (redacted)

17  (redacted)

18  (redacted)

19  (redacted)

20  (redacted)

21  (redacted)

22  (redacted)

23  (redacted)

24  (redacted)

25  (redacted)

Page 18307












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 6  (redacted)

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 8  (redacted)

 9  (redacted)

10  (redacted)

11  (redacted)

12  (redacted)

13  (redacted)

14                          --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned

15                          at 1.52 p.m., to be reconvened on Monday,

16                          the 27th day of January, 2003, at 9.00 a.m.