Tribunal Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Page 10897

1 Tuesday, 22 March 2005

2 [Open session]

3 [The accused entered court]

4 --- Upon commencing at 2.30 p.m.

5 JUDGE ORIE: Madam Registrar, would you please call the case.

6 THE REGISTRAR: Good afternoon, Your Honours. This is case

7 number IT-00-39-T, the Prosecutor versus Momcilo Krajisnik.

8 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you, Madam Registrar. Good afternoon to

9 everyone as well.

10 Ms. Edgerton, are you ready to call your next witness?

11 MS. EDGERTON: Yes. Good afternoon, Your Honour. That's going

12 to be Mr. Bego Salimovic.

13 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. No protective measures?

14 MS. EDGERTON: No protective measures, and we will be seeking to

15 have his statements filed as exhibits under Rule 89(F).

16 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, thank you. Has the 89(F) summary been

17 presented to the Defence?

18 MS. EDGERTON: Yes, yesterday, Your Honours.

19 JUDGE ORIE: Mr. Stewart, is there any problem as far as the

20 89(F) summary is concerned?

21 MR. STEWART: No, Your Honour, thank you.

22 JUDGE ORIE: Then, Madam Usher, will you please escort Mr.

23 Selimovic into the courtroom.

24 Then, Ms. Edgerton, perhaps, since we are waiting for the witness

25 to arrive, I received an explanatory e-mail about the different versions of

Page 10898

1 the -- could you please look at the second last line, whether the number

2 0986 at the very end is correct or whether that should be 0980.

3 [The witness entered court]

4 MR. STEWART: Sorry, Your Honour, I have no idea what it is Your

5 Honour is referring to.

6 JUDGE ORIE: No, well - we'll come back to that later.

7 MR. STEWART: Thank you, Your Honour.

8 JUDGE ORIE: Mr. Selimovic, can you hear me in a language you

9 understand?

10 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I can hear you.

11 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you. Before you give evidence in this court,

12 the Rules of Procedure and Evidence require you to make a solemn

13 declaration that you speak the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the

14 truth. The text will now be handed out to you by Madam Usher, and may I

15 invite you to make that solemn declaration.

16 WITNESS: Bego Selimovic

17 [Witness answered through interpreter]

18 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I solemnly swear that I will speak

19 the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth.

20 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you. Please be seated, Mr. Selimovic.

21 Mr. Selimovic, you will first be examined by Ms. Edgerton, who

22 represents the Prosecution in this case.

23 But before I give you an opportunity to do so, Ms. Edgerton, do

24 I understand that a copy of this e-mail of the 18th of March has not been

25 given, this explanatory e-mail has not been given to the Defence? There's

Page 10899

1 nothing special in it. It just explains what versions of statements were

2 used and what versions were retrieved. Would it be possible to give a copy

3 to Mr. Stewart?

4 MS. EDGERTON: Absolutely, Your Honour. I have a copy here that

5 I can hand over.

6 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, perhaps you can do that. And I think there's

7 nothing that -- there's no specific --

8 MR. STEWART: No, Your Honour, indeed, I wasn't even sure I

9 didn't have it. I absolutely didn't even know what it was that was being

10 referred to, Your Honour. That was my question. Thank you.

11 JUDGE ORIE: I might not have been sufficiently clear.

12 Ms. Edgerton, please proceed.

13 MS. EDGERTON: Yes, Your Honour. And just with regard to the

14 question you asked before, and this may assist Mr. Stewart by way of some

15 explanation, attached to Mr. Selimovic's statement to the ICTY of 1997 was

16 a barely legible copy of a statement he had given to Bosnian authorities in

17 1993.

18 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, I see the point and, in fact, am

19 rather relieved that nobody sent me this e-mail. So thank you very much.

20 JUDGE ORIE: That took me a while as well --

21 MR. STEWART: So I'm grateful for that.

22 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Edgerton, perhaps you can check on the second

23 last line, the last four digits, whether it should be 0986 or 0980?

24 MS. EDGERTON: It should be 0980, Your Honour.


Page 10900

1 MS. EDGERTON: That might well solve everything.

2 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, I always regret that it's the Chamber that has

3 to find these incorrect references but let's not spend too much time o on

4 it.

5 Mr. Selimovic, this has got nothing to do with you. It was all

6 bureaucracy. And now Ms. Edgerton will examine you as a witness.

7 MS. EDGERTON: Thank you, Your Honour.

8 Examined by Ms. Edgerton:

9 Q. Mr. Selimovic? Good afternoon, Mr. Selimovic.

10 A. Good afternoon.

11 Q. Mr. Selimovic, you, I understand, have given statements about

12 your experiences in 1992 both to Bosnian authorities and to representatives

13 of the ICTY; is that correct?

14 A. Yes.

15 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Edgerton, what about establishing, first of all,

16 the identity of the witness. Would that be a good suggestion?

17 MS. EDGERTON: Yes, Your Honour.

18 Q. Mr. Selimovic, could you give the Court your name, and tell us

19 your date of birth and your place of residence in the years leading up to

20 the outbreak of war.

21 A. My name is Bego Selimovic, from Gornja Bioca. I was born on the

22 21st of January, 1950, and I resided in Gornja Bioca, where I was born.

23 This is in Ilijas municipality.

24 Q. Thank you, Mr. Selimovic. Now, have you given statements about

25 your experiences in 1992 both to authorities of your country and to

Page 10901

1 representatives of the ICTY?

2 A. Yes.

3 Q. Now, I'd like to focus on two of those statements, one that you

4 gave in 1993 - and the for the Court, that would be the statement with the

5 ERN number 00987804 to 00987808 - and the one given to the ICTY in 1997.

6 Before you appeared in court this afternoon, did you have a

7 chance to read these statements from 1993 and 1997?

8 A. Yes.

9 Q. Now, in addition to reading them, and because you have some

10 trouble with your eyes that means you have a hard time reading fine print,

11 were those statements also read back to you in your own language?

12 A. Yes.

13 Q. And you understand what you read and what was read back to you?

14 A. Yes.

15 MS. EDGERTON: I'd like to ask that the witness be shown the

16 copies in his language of those statements, please, at this point.

17 JUDGE ORIE: I take it, then, the witness is shown the more

18 legible but non-corrected version of his 1993 statement.



21 MS. EDGERTON: In the Bosnian language.


23 MS. EDGERTON: Does he have both the copies there, the 1993 and

24 the 1997?

25 Your Honour, with this witness, I'd just like to hear that he

Page 10902

1 recognises these before they're given an exhibit number, please.

2 Q. Mr. Selimovic, are those your statements?

3 A. Yes.

4 MS. EDGERTON: Perhaps now they could be given an exhibit number,

5 please.

6 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, Madam Registrar.

7 THE REGISTRAR: The witness statement dated 5 April 1993 will be

8 Prosecution Exhibit P555.

9 The witness statement dated June 21, 1997 will be Prosecution

10 Exhibit P556.

11 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Madam Registrar, specifically here I'd like to

12 have the ERN numbers read out as well, because there are different

13 versions.

14 THE REGISTRAR: For both statements?

15 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Mainly of the 1993 statement.

16 THE REGISTRAR: The statement dated 5 April 1993, the English

17 translation bears ERN number ET-0098-7804-0098-7808, and the B/C/S bears

18 ERN number 0098-87804 to 808.

19 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you, Madam Registrar. Please proceed, Ms.

20 Edgerton.


22 Q. Now, Mr. Selimovic, do you find, or did you find those statements

23 to be correct and a true recording of what you saw and lived through in

24 1992?

25 A. Yes.

Page 10903

1 Q. Now, I understand from you that you'd like, in court, to make

2 some small modifications and corrections to both those documents. Shall I

3 read those out to you?

4 A. Yes.

5 Q. In paragraph 9 of your statement to the Tribunal, you referred to

6 the killing of your brother Uzeir, and you wanted to make it clear that you

7 were told he had been killed on the 30th of May but you only learned what

8 had happened to him on the 31st of May; is that correct?

9 A. That is correct.

10 Q. In paragraph 21 of your statement to the Tribunal, you wanted to

11 clarify that when you were moved from the school at Gornja Bioca to

12 Podlugovi, there were only two policemen there but there were four soldiers

13 on the bus you were taken in; is that correct?

14 A. Yes.

15 Q. Now, turning to the statement you gave in 1993, the earlier

16 statement, in paragraph 6 of that earlier statement, you wanted to clarify

17 that Nafa, the woman named Nafa, referred to there is your sister-in-law?

18 A. Yes.

19 MS. EDGERTON: I should note that in the English version, there's

20 an error that should be corrected. It reads "daughter-in-law", so a

21 correction should be made to the same effect.

22 Q. Now, also, Mr. Selimovic, in this same paragraph, you noticed a

23 typographical error when they referred to the nickname of your brother's

24 son; is that correct?

25 A. Yes.

Page 10904












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 10905

1 Q. And you'd like that nickname to read "Vajta", V-a-j-t-a, instead

2 of "Vjata" as it appears in the original version?

3 A. Vajta, yes, Vajta.

4 MS. EDGERTON: And I should note for the Chamber that the English

5 translation in that regard is correct.

6 Q. In paragraph 20 of your earlier statement, when you mentioned the

7 person who came to the camp in Podlugovi with Vasilja Stolica, you wanted

8 to indicate that this person who came with Stolica gave his name as Mico

9 and said his name was Seselj Jevac [phoen]; is that correct?

10 A. Yes.

11 Q. And finally, you wanted to correct paragraph 32 of that earlier

12 statement because the date noted there that you were transferred to Kula is

13 listed as 8 February and you want to say that it was 9 February?

14 A. Yes, on the 9th we went to Kula, on the 9th of February.

15 Q. Now, those, Mr. Selimovic, are the corrections that we discussed

16 and went through prior to your testifying here this afternoon; is that

17 correct?

18 A. Yes.

19 MS. EDGERTON: Your Honour, I'd like to now like to read in a

20 summary of the evidence of this witness.

21 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, one second, please.

22 [Trial Chamber and legal officer confer]

23 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Edgerton, would your summary and would the

24 statements tendered include the periods in 1993? That's a question.

25 MS. EDGERTON: Yes, Your Honour, in the limited regard of his

Page 10906

1 having been asked to bury the bodies of some persons who were found on the

2 side of the road and his release from Kula in 1993.

3 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, I understand the release from -- well, you said

4 his release from Kula.

5 MS. EDGERTON: Transferred to and released from Kula.

6 JUDGE ORIE: But, of course, if you're detained within the limits

7 of the indictment period, I can imagine that what follows that release is

8 relevant in relation to that. But if you are sent only outside the

9 indictment period to Kula, what's the relevance, then, of ...

10 MS. EDGERTON: The Prosecution will be arguing, Your Honour, that

11 the facilities at Kula were part of an interconnected detention system in

12 Sarajevo, operating under the same authorities.

13 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, but then you -- I do understand that and I

14 think we heard some evidence on Kula before the 1st of January, 1993. But

15 what would anything after 1993 add to that evidence, and to what extent

16 would that be relevant apart from the fact that it did not stop to exist

17 and that people were still sent there.

18 MS. EDGERTON: That, in fact, would be it, Your Honour.

19 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Well, let's proceed first. We'll later

20 consider whether this is of relevance for this case.

21 Please proceed.

22 MS. EDGERTON: Yes, Your Honour, just if I may, I did discuss

23 this procedure in detail with Mr. Selimovic, and he indicated it was very

24 important to him that the Trial Chamber receive the whole body of the

25 evidence as contained in his statement. So keeping that in mind, I

Page 10907

1 submitted the statements without any redaction at this point.

2 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Whether that would be a convincing argument is

3 another matter or whether there would be need to explain to Mr. Selimovic -

4 - well, the limits of a criminal case. But let's proceed at this moment

5 and not, in the presence of Mr. Selimovic, discuss the matter any further.

6 Please proceed.

7 MS. EDGERTON: Yes, Your Honour. This witness, Bego Selimovic,

8 is a Muslim from Gornja Bioca, in Ilijas municipality, Sarajevo area. The

9 village of Gornja Bioca was a mixed community pre-war with a distinct

10 Muslim and Serb part. Gornja Bioca bordered the village of Ahatovici,

11 which was a Muslim village, on its eastern side, and the village of

12 Malesici, which was a Serb village to the north. On the south was Vlakovo,

13 which was Serb.

14 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Ahatovici.

15 MS. EDGERTON: The witness worked as a security guard in a

16 factory in Stari Ilijas before the war. The witness stopped going to work

17 around 28th April, 1992. From the time he stopped working, the witness,

18 together with men of his village, kept guard because of sporadic shooting

19 into Gornja Bioca.

20 The night of 28 May 1992, Gornja Bioca came under infantry fire

21 and then shelling. The shooting went on for a couple of days. By 30 May,

22 the witness ran out of food and water at his guard post. He went to his

23 house to get supplies. He didn't find any members of his family at home.

24 While in the village, shells exploded nearby. He returned to his guard

25 post where they were joined by other guards who told the witness they had

Page 10908

1 been seen the Serb forces enter Gornja Bioca.

2 Serb forces started shooting in the woods where the witness and

3 others were hiding. The next morning, the witness decided to go back to

4 Bioca. There, he saw his brother Uzeir's family and was told by his

5 daughter-in-law Nafa that Serb forces had killed Uzeir and Uzeir's son on

6 the doorstep of their home. Nafa and his brother's son, Zihad, named one

7 Srpko Pustivuk, among others, as responsible for the killing.

8 The witness returned to the woods and found his wife and family

9 hiding in a little stream with eight or ten men and about 30 women and

10 children. They remained there until 1 June, when Serb forces started

11 shooting from both sides. The villagers were surrounded and taken by Serb

12 forces to the primary school in Bioca where they met others who had

13 surrendered. All together, the witness believes there were about 60

14 detainees in the school. The men detained at the primary school were

15 eventually transferred to a school in Podlugovi by armed men who wore

16 camouflage uniforms.

17 On arriving at the school, the detainees were placed in three

18 rooms. They found people from Ljesevo there, including about five women.

19 There were also people from Crnotina, which was in Ilijas. Between all

20 three rooms at this Podlugovi school, there must have been 100 detainees.

21 There was a toilet but no water, lice, and for Bajram, the detainees

22 received no food for two days. After that, they used to get a quarter loaf

23 of bread per person every 24 hours.

24 The chief of the detention facility was called Slavko. One day,

25 just before dark, Vasilja Stolica from Kralup came together with a Serb

Page 10909

1 that was armed with a gun and a hammer. They asked two people from among

2 the prisoners to go with them. One Bakir Sehic moved a bit. They tied him

3 up and took him away. He was never seen again.

4 Around 16 August 1992, the gaol commander let a man who

5 introduced himself as the minister of justice inside the school together

6 with two policemen. This man told the detainees they were going to be

7 moved to Semizovac. He told them they would have good food and

8 accommodation and they would be taken for work. While the man who

9 introduced him as minister of justice was in civilian clothes, the witness

10 saw that the two policemen wore camouflage uniforms and had marks on their

11 sleeves saying "Serb Police".

12 The detainees from the school were loaded onto a bus by policemen

13 in uniform and got out of the bus at Planjo's house. There were policemen

14 and soldiers there. At Planjo's house, the witness saw there were already

15 male prisoners there from Svrake and Semizovac, about 113.

16 The next day, the prison commander, whose name was Vlaco, ordered

17 them all outside and asked who wanted to work. No one volunteered, so

18 Vlaco himself picked out people. After that, when the prisoners were

19 picked for work, squads were made up by lining the prisoners in front of

20 the building and counting out the first 40 or 50 or 60 people.

21 The witness names some people in uniform who came from the front

22 lines to take detainees. Some were violent with the prisoners and beat the

23 witness. The same person who took them up gave the detainees orders at the

24 lines. They were told to do things like dig and cover trenches and

25 communication trenches and dugouts, carry ammunition, cut wood, and carry

Page 10910

1 the bodies of killed Serb forces from the battlefield.

2 The witness was first used as a human shield on September 19 or

3 20, 1992. He learned from another prisoner who had also been a human

4 shield the previous day with the witness's nephew -- that his nephew had

5 been killed on the front line. The witness asked Vlaco whether there was a

6 way to bring his nephew down from the battlefield, and that morning, Vlaco

7 selected the witness to go to Zuc to look for him. There were about 40

8 detainees who went to work that day. The witness never got to pick up his

9 nephew's body.

10 One Dragan Damjanovic beat the witness and another man as they

11 were forced to carry the body of someone else who had been killed down from

12 the battlefield. Later, a team of soldiers arrived and the witness was

13 taken with three other men. There were three soldiers behind him, two

14 shooting over his shoulders while one pointed a gun barrel at his back.

15 The same thing happened the next day.

16 About ten days later, he was used again as a human shield. The

17 witness was used as a human shield again at the beginning of October and

18 once at the end of October. At the beginning of October, one Spiric

19 Nebojsa, who was Vlaco's deputy, was one of the soldiers going behind him.

20 The fifth time the witness was used as a human shield, they went

21 to Ravne and there each prisoner had to carry a sack of sand behind him

22 with a Serb soldier going a short distance behind. The soldier would order

23 the prisoner to throw down the sack and the soldier would lie behind it and

24 fire from there while the prisoner had to run back and get ammunition.

25 The sixth time he was used as a human shield was at a location in

Page 10911












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 10912

1 the direction of Golo Brdo. The line commander, one Zeljko Trifkovic, told

2 the witnesses that special forces from Vogosca, Ilijas and Ilidza were all

3 there. When the witness and other selected with him arrived, they were

4 ordered to sing Serb songs. The witness was beaten by a member of the Serb

5 police from Ilidza. Later the witness and one other prisoner were taken by

6 special forces from Ilidza along a trail towards Golo Brdo. The witness

7 was told to walk with the other prisoner, following in his footsteps to

8 make sure there were no mines. His job was to watch for Bosnian military

9 forces and warn the Serbs. The unit commander told the witness that if the

10 Bosnian army fired first, the Serbs would kill them.

11 On 8 February 1993, the witness and 35 others were taken to Kula.

12 At Kula, the witness learned prisoners were there from Doboj, Manjaca and

13 Grapska. One day the witness was coming from back from work at the line

14 and told to collect two bodies lying on the side of the road. He knew

15 both, recognising one as Zahid Barucija. Two days they were told to dig

16 out Barucija and that his body would be exchanged.

17 While he was being use as a human shield, the witness recalls

18 that sometimes the Bosnian side would fire on them as they advanced. On

19 the first occasion he was used as a shield, the witness saw the bodies of

20 two men he recognised, also people killed by shrapnel while they were

21 digging trenches.

22 That concludes the summary, Your Honour.

23 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Edgerton, could you please slow down a bit.

24 MS. EDGERTON: That concludes the summary, Your Honour.

25 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, may I make two observations.

Page 10913

1 JUDGE ORIE: Now we are ready with the translation.

2 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, thank you.

3 The first observation is that the correction from the 8th to the

4 9th of February, having been made by the witness a few minutes ago in the

5 statement, ought correspondingly to be made in the 89(F) summary. I don't

6 think there will be any dispute about that.

7 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, I see from your nodding, Ms. Edgerton. Yes,

8 second?

9 MR. STEWART: Not the biggest point in the case, Your Honour.

10 The second observation is this: That the version of the 89(F)

11 summary that was being read out by Ms. Edgerton is not the same as the

12 version which I have in front of me. It's slightly fuller. I don't make

13 any particular complaint. It's just that it's different, a question

14 implicit in that, Your Honour, with respect.


16 Ms. Edgerton, would the Prosecution take care in the future that

17 the summary read out is the same as the one presented to the Defence?

18 MS. EDGERTON: I certainly would, Your Honour.

19 MR. STEWART: Thank you for the positive response on those

20 points, Your Honour.

21 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Edgerton, I've got one question for you in

22 relation to this summary. I'm not quite sure that the transcript is

23 correct, but right in the beginning, you said, according to the transcript,

24 the night of the 28th of May, 1992, Gornja Bioca came under infantry fire.

25 Yes, so I take it in the summary, the previous infantry fire, the shooting

Page 10914

1 from infantry weapons is not to be considered as really infantry fire --

2 yes, I now I better understand.

3 MS. EDGERTON: That's also my understanding, Your Honour.

4 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, thank you.

5 Please proceed, Ms. Edgerton.

6 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, could I make one other observation

7 which I hope will be helpful. That was, and I make absolutely no complaint

8 at all about this, rather the contrary, that's a slightly fuller 89(F)

9 summary than we often have. That's a bit fuller than I had in front of me,

10 of course. But it's -- but I don't complain about that at all. In fact,

11 the Defence's position would be that it's helpful on the whole if the

12 summary is as full as possible.

13 It does lead to this, though: That so far that that's already

14 been read out and the witness has already, in his evidence so far,

15 confirmed these statements, we would be very supportive on the Defence side

16 of avoidance of going over any of that ground again, as much as possible.

17 This is not a witness -- there are witnesses in the other category. This

18 is a witness, Your Honour, where the Defence is particularly insistent that

19 these points are brought out orally in evidence. As long as they are

20 clearly there on the record, we are not encouraging drawing out or going

21 over this ground again.

22 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, although, of course, reading the summary

23 doesn't bring the summary into evidence because it's the statement that is

24 in evidence, and the reading out of the 89(F) summary is mainly for the

25 purpose of informing the public of what is tendered into evidence and what

Page 10915

1 will be admitted into evidence.

2 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, that isn't, clearly, entirely,

3 correct. With respect, we agree with that. But we are in this position:

4 That when the 89(F) summary is read before the witness gives his evidence,

5 it becomes a little bit artificial when the witness has confirmed the

6 statement. The 89(F) summary in detail is then based on that statement.

7 If the witness then is -- if anybody seriously supposes that the witness is

8 going to give evidence which radically departs from what we've heard now,

9 well, frankly, that's a very unsatisfactory situation because that leaves a

10 new 89(F) summary at the end to tell the public actually what he's said.

11 JUDGE ORIE: I do understand that everyone is happy with how it

12 went until now, so let's proceed, and we take proper notice of your

13 observations, Mr. Stewart.

14 Please proceed, Ms. Edgerton.

15 MS. EDGERTON: Your Honour, before I begin with the clarifying

16 questions from Mr. Selimovic, I just want to direct Your Honours, if I can,

17 to Exhibit 527, because this witness's testimony relates to Ilijas

18 municipality, and I believe in Exhibit 527, at page 29, you have a map of

19 Ilijas municipality.

20 JUDGE ORIE: We even brought it.

21 MS. EDGERTON: The witness, Your Honour, has been looking at and

22 marked a copy of a further map which is effectively a blow-up of a

23 topographical map that covers the bottom -- can I say the south-eastern

24 part of Ilijas municipality, as depicted on page 29, and, to a limited

25 extent, the northern parts of Novi Grad municipality, as depicted on page

Page 10916

1 30.


3 THE REGISTRAR: This will be Prosecution Exhibit P557.


5 Q. Now, Mr. Selimovic, in the first paragraphs of your statements to

6 the ICTY and your own authorities, you describe the village you came from,

7 Gornja Bioca, and in your ICTY statement, you say your village was mixed

8 but with a distinct Muslim and Serb part. Could you just tell the Court

9 what were relations like between the Muslims and Serbs in your village in

10 the years before the war?

11 A. I believe that the relations were good, because we went along

12 well, we went to school together, went to play football together, went out

13 dancing together. And I don't know how all these events came about in our

14 village because I believe we ought to have protected each other rather than

15 kill and slaughter each other.

16 Q. At what -- can you recall a time at which tensions between these

17 two ethnic groups began to increase, a month, a year?

18 A. I'm afraid I don't understand the question.

19 Q. When did things start to change?

20 A. Before the war, a month before the outbreak of the war when the

21 barricades had already been set up. One of them was under the -- under a

22 fly-over there and another one was under the bridge at Bioca.

23 Q. Now, can I just direct to the map of Ilijas and Vogosca areas

24 that you have on the machine beside you, marked in blue. Did you make

25 those markings yesterday?

Page 10917

1 A. Yes.

2 Q. Have you identified your village, Gornja Bioca, at number 1?

3 A. Yes, yes.

4 Q. And what's the location you marked at number two?

5 A. The village of Ahatovici.

6 Q. Can you comment on the distance between your two villages?

7 A. Two and a half to three kilometres. There's a hill called Krstac

8 between the two villages.

9 Q. And is Donja Bioca, marked as number 3 on that map, a Serb or a

10 Muslim village?

11 A. It's a Serb village. There were only two or three cottages that

12 were owned by Muslims.

13 Q. Now, leaving the map for a moment, I want to ask some more

14 questions about the statements you gave, some clarifying questions. On

15 paragraph 5 of your statement to the Tribunal, you said that barricades

16 appeared on the road from your village to Ilijas in March 1992. Were those

17 the barricades you've just talked about?

18 A. Yes, yes.

19 Q. Now, you said that those people who manned the barricades wore a

20 camouflage uniform. Do you recall what colour the uniform was?

21 A. Green, yellow and black. They also wore drab-olive uniforms. I

22 saw Simo Crnogorac wearing one such uniform, a neighbour of mine.

23 Q. By "neighbour of yours", could you tell me where Simo Crnogorac

24 came from?

25 A. Donja Bioca.

Page 10918

1 Q. What was -- is he a Muslim or a Serb? Is that a Muslim or a Serb

2 name?

3 A. Serb.

4 Q. What was his occupation before the war, do you know?

5 A. He worked at the ironworks. He was a plain worker.

6 Q. Thank you. Now, moving on in your ICTY statement, in paragraph

7 6, you said that during the month or so, you stood guard around your

8 village, you heard some big guns shooting from the direction of Paljevo.

9 Is Paljevo the location you've indicated as number 7 on the map in front of

10 you?

11 A. Paljevo is not a village, it's a hill where, during World War II,

12 in 1941 or 1942, there were some insurgents there. There is a plateau

13 there that has quite a propensity for artillery.

14 Q. Now, is that the location you marked as number 7 on the map

15 beside you?

16 A. Paljevo, yes.

17 Q. Do you know, or could you see where the fire was directed to, in

18 what direction the big guns were shooting at?

19 A. There was shooting in the direction of Soko Sarajevo.

20 Q. Now, in paragraph 8 of your statement to the ICTY, and throughout

21 your statement, you use the word Chetniks. Could you explain to the Trial

22 Chamber who you mean when you use that word?

23 A. This term refers to the Serb forces.

24 Q. Thank you. Now, in both your 1993 statements and your statement

25 to the ICTY, you speak of the killing of your brother, and in your earlier

Page 10919

1 statement, you indicated your sister-in-law identified Srpko Pustivuk as

2 the person responsible. Now, did you know this man, Pustivuk, before the

3 war?

4 A. Yes, I did. He grew up together with us. We played football

5 together, and when we were going to different villages to play football

6 matches, he'd join us.

7 Q. Do you know what kind of job he worked at before the war?

8 A. He completed his schooling and then started working as a police

9 officer.

10 Q. How do you know that?

11 A. Well, we know because we used to see him wearing a police

12 uniform. He went with me to Ilijas on several occasions when I was on my

13 way to work, and I would stop by at my workplace producing prefabricated

14 houses, and he would go on in the direction of the municipality and then

15 followed his work schedule. I don't know whether he worked in Sarajevo or

16 in Ilijas.

17 Q. And, Mr. Selimovic, after you were detained at the school in

18 Bioca, did you then see Pustivuk, or did you not see him?

19 A. Yes. Once he came to the school, spent some five minutes there

20 and went away. We never saw him again.

21 Q. Do you remember what he was wearing at the time?

22 A. I believe he was wearing a police uniform.

23 Q. Now, in paragraph 11 of your statement to the Tribunal, you talk

24 about your capture and you say you were surrounded by people in camouflage

25 uniforms and told you would have to go to the school; is that correct?

Page 10920

1 A. Yes.

2 Q. And were you able to see any of the people who surrounded you?

3 A. No. We were unable to recognise them because they were some 300

4 or 400 metres away from us, outside a forest there in the field.

5 Q. So who told you, then, that you would have to go to the school?

6 A. Refik Sehic and Zahid Sehic came and they told us we were to go

7 to the school.

8 Q. These are two Muslims who came; is that correct?

9 A. Yes, but they were taken prisoners the day before.

10 Q. Thank you. Now, in that same paragraph, you say you recognised a

11 man by the name of Cedo. Do you know his last name?

12 A. Yes, Cedo Pustivuk.

13 Q. Was he any relation, to your knowledge, to Srpko Pustivuk?

14 A. Srpko is a relative of his.

15 Q. Now, in paragraph 12 of your statement to the Tribunal, you say

16 that there were about 60 of you on your arrival at the primary school in

17 Bioca; is that correct?

18 A. Yes.

19 Q. Did you know most of those people by face or by name?

20 A. Yes, they were all relatives of mine, friends, neighbours, from

21 Bioca. There was only one person from Crnotina, Huso Abdziaglic [phoen];

22 his nickname was Dzenadil [phoen], I believe, and the other was his real

23 name.

24 Q. Thank you. And do you know the ethnicity of those people that

25 you recognised?

Page 10921

1 A. You mean those that were detained? They were Muslims.

2 Q. Thank you. Now, were you under guard when you were at the

3 primary school? Were there guards there?

4 A. Yes, of course there were.

5 Q. Did you know any of those guards by face or by name?

6 A. Not some of them. I knew all of them because they were my

7 neighbours.

8 Q. Were they -- did you know them, then, to be Serb or Muslim or

9 something else?

10 A. Serbs. What else would they be?

11 Q. Now, in paragraph 15 of your ICTY statement, you talk about the

12 men who transferred you to Podlugovi. Where did they come from, do you

13 know?

14 A. I didn't know the people. I know that they wore camouflage

15 uniforms and had socks on their heads. They had slits for the eyes and

16 then some of them also had one for the mouth; others didn't.

17 Q. Now, in Podlugovi, when you got there, you found a large number

18 of people already there divided among three rooms. Did you know most of

19 those people by face or by name?

20 A. I only knew Zlatko Bece, and one other person from Ljesevo,

21 Husein, but I don't know his last name. We became acquainted later on.

22 Q. Do you know the ethnic background of these people that you became

23 acquainted with?

24 A. There were Muslims, one or two Croats. I only knew Zlatko Bece,

25 who died, who was brought over from the railway station where they had

Page 10922

1 thrown a smoke grenade at them. And Sehic Menso was also brought over with

2 Zlatko who died that very night.

3 Q. Now, just to turn to the map beside you, is Podlugovi the

4 location you've marked as number 4 on the map?

5 A. Yes, here it is.

6 Q. Were you guarded when you were at Podlugovi?

7 A. Yes, we were.

8 Q. Who guarded you?

9 A. I didn't know these people.

10 Q. Were you able to tell from the way they spoke, for example,

11 whether or not they were of Serb background?

12 A. They were Serbs.

13 Q. How could you determine that?

14 A. We found this out from Slavko, and we knew. Who else could it

15 have been but Serbs.

16 Q. Now, in paragraph 13 of your statement from 1993, you say, "They

17 took away Mensur Sehic," who you've already mentioned, "and Hamdija Drmic,

18 and Drmic was never seen again." Who is "they"?

19 A. He was taken by Mladjo Maksimovic, also known as Nikola.

20 Q. And is Maksimovic a Muslim or a Serb?

21 A. A Serb.

22 Q. How do you know he was taken away by Maksimovic?

23 A. I saw him.

24 Q. You saw who?

25 A. I saw Nikola and Hamdija as they went into the car.

Page 10923

1 Q. In paragraph 20 of your statement, you refer to the man by the

2 name of Vasilja Stolica. Is he a Muslim or a Serb?

3 A. Serb.

4 Q. Did you know him before the war?

5 A. Yes, I worked at the company producing prefabricated houses, and

6 he worked in the heater room that was part of the company that I worked

7 for, Kotlana [phoen].

8 Q. Now, moving on in time to August of 1992 in paragraph 20 of your

9 statement to the ICTY, and paragraph 23 of your earlier statement, you talk

10 about a man who introduced himself as the Minister of Justice. Had you

11 ever seen him before he came to Podlugovi?

12 A. No, never.

13 Q. Did you ever see him again after that?

14 A. Yes, once. This was at Svrake, at the building there, where he

15 came and asked us how we were, how we were doing, and that was the last

16 time we saw him.

17 Q. How was he dressed that second time?

18 A. He was bearing clothes that were blue in colour, a light blue

19 shirt.

20 Q. Civilian clothes?

21 A. Civilian.

22 Q. How had you heard, because you talk about it in those same

23 paragraphs, that Svrake and Semizovac had been occupied?

24 A. We heard shooting and shelling over there, and then we heard it

25 on the radio, that it had fallen and that the Serbian forces had taken over

Page 10924

1 Semizovac and Vogosca.

2 Q. Now, on the map that's beside you that you've marked, did you

3 indicate Semizovac at point number 5 and Svrake at point number 6?

4 A. Yes.

5 Q. Now, next I'd just like to talk to you about your arrival at

6 Planjo's house, and the paragraph is paragraph number 22 in your statement

7 to the Tribunal, and I'd like to show you a photograph, it's previously

8 Prosecution Exhibit 379.

9 Now, you've got the images in front of you, Mr. Selimovic, on the

10 computer screen and beside you. Now, looking at that photo, which bears

11 the number 03616938 in the top right-hand corner, can you tell me whether

12 you recognise the building?

13 A. Yes, I do. I was in there. Of course I recognise it. We were

14 in this building in the cellar downstairs, and some of the inmates were in

15 this building on the ground floor. And the room was divided in two by a

16 table, so in one part of the room, we would sleep and in the other part of

17 the room, we would be served food.

18 Upstairs, on the first floor, there were women and children.

19 There was music there and probably the guards were there.

20 Q. So are you saying that this was the next detention facility you

21 were taken to after you left the facility in Podlugovi?

22 A. Yes, yes.

23 JUDGE ORIE: Excuse me, if you read numbers, you better do it

24 slowly otherwise they appear wrong on the screen. There's no risk here

25 because it's Exhibit 379, but an eight-digit number suddenly becomes a

Page 10925












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 10926

1 nine-digit number.

2 MS. EDGERTON: I'm very sorry.

3 JUDGE ORIE: The 4 between the 3 and the 8 should not be there.


5 Q. Mr. Selimovic, does this location depicted on this photograph

6 have a name?

7 A. It was called Planina's house.

8 Q. Does it look like -- in this photograph, does it look to you like

9 it did in 1992?

10 A. Yes, but I don't recall seeing these windows on the roof up there

11 because we were never allowed to really take a good look.

12 Q. Thank you. Now, you've mentioned just now, and also mentioned in

13 paragraph 23 of your ICTY statement, that there were women and children in

14 the building. How did you know that?

15 A. They would come to have dinner or lunch. When we were there,

16 they would also come.

17 Q. Did you know any of those women or children?

18 A. I knew only one woman, Ferida Terzic, who brought us food. She

19 didn't bring food to us, she brought food to Ferid, and he shared his with

20 us.

21 Q. Was she one of the women that you were speaking up who were in

22 the upstairs of the building in which you were detained?

23 A. Yes.

24 Q. Were there any other women in this upstairs of Planjo's house

25 that you knew?

Page 10927

1 A. There were women. There was a Serbian woman who married a Muslim

2 man. She had a young son. She was with them as well.

3 Q. All right. Now, in paragraph 23 of your statement to the

4 Tribunal, you talk about the male prisoners from Semizovac and Vogosca who

5 you found at Planjo's house.

6 A. Yes.

7 Q. Now, you were at Planjo's house for some time. Did you become

8 acquainted with a number of these prisoners?

9 A. Yes. Zajid Barucija, Esad Mracevic [phoen], Hido Ahmed and some

10 others whose names I can't remember. There was man called Halilovic, but I

11 am not sure. There were some people from the village above Semizovac, but

12 I can't remember their names.

13 Q. Did you know any of these detainees to be Serb?

14 A. When we were supposed to be transferred to Kula, a month before

15 that, Boro Margetic was brought there.

16 Q. So, to your knowledge, there was one Serb at Planjo's house?

17 A. Yes.

18 Q. And are you aware of the ethnic background of the rest of the

19 detainees there?

20 A. They were Muslims. There were also Croats there. There was one

21 Croat with us, Zvonko Puharic was his name, and he was also taken away. I

22 don't know whether he was taken to Kula together with us or later, but as

23 soon as he was brought in, he was put in a car and then I saw him again in

24 Kula. His name was Zvonko Puharic.

25 Q. Now, Mr. Selimovic, you were guarded while you were at Planjo's

Page 10928

1 house; is that correct?

2 A. Yes. You can see the entrance here under the terrace. This is

3 where a guard was standing and this is where we entered, and there was one

4 guard below by the gate. That's where we would go to descend into the

5 cellar.

6 Q. Were your guards, did you know them to be Muslims or Serbs or

7 something else?

8 A. They were Serbs. What else?

9 Q. How did you know that?

10 A. I know because one was called Ljubisa. Now, I don't know his

11 last name. Another one was called Delipara. The third one was Vlado

12 Mrzlic. This guy Delipara, this was his last name; I don't know his first

13 name. There was Momir Damjanovic, who was also a Serb. And for the

14 others, I can't remember their names. I didn't know their names to start

15 with.

16 Q. Am I correct if I tell you that I understand you're saying you

17 knew they were Serbs because you got to know them by name?

18 A. Of course.

19 Q. Now, were the guards at Planjo's house in uniform?

20 A. Yes.

21 Q. What kind of uniform did you see them in?

22 A. Camouflage uniforms.

23 Q. What colour of camouflage uniforms?

24 A. Green, yellow and black.

25 Q. Now, I'd like you to look at one document, Mr. Selimovic, bearing

Page 10929

1 the ERN number 0297-7353 -- 0297-7353, dated 30 August 1992.

2 MS. EDGERTON: When you're ready, if we could have the next

3 exhibit number, please.

4 THE REGISTRAR: This document will be Prosecution Exhibit P558.


6 Q. Mr. Selimovic, I'd like you to direct your attention to the last

7 paragraph of that document and the name list. Do you see the name of Bego

8 Selimovic on that document?

9 A. I can see that, yes.

10 Q. Have you got any comment about this document and why your name is

11 on it?

12 A. I don't know. I suppose that they were drawing up lists as we

13 were taken to work.

14 Q. Perhaps I can ask you another way. Do you recognise the other

15 names that appear on this document with yours?

16 A. I do. They were with me in the prison, all of them, and we were

17 taken to work together.

18 Q. All right. And are these Muslim names that appear on this

19 document?

20 MS. EDGERTON: I'm sorry, Your Honour, I'm not able to see an

21 English copy of the document so I'm a bit paralysed.

22 A. Yes.

23 Q. Mr. Selimovic, this document lists you and seven other people as

24 being taken to work as Zuc on the 30th of August, 1992?

25 A. Yes, we were taken to work, but I can't remember the date. It

Page 10930

1 was a horrible time. I can't remember every detail. But we were taken to

2 work every day; sometimes to Zuc, sometimes to Ravne or to Rajlovac.

3 Wherever we were taken, we had to work.

4 Q. So this document could reflect the time that you were taken for

5 work from the detention facility; is that what I'm understanding from you?

6 A. Yes. Yes.

7 Q. Now, you've named some locations where you were taken to work at.

8 Could you describe the type of work you had to do.

9 A. We had to dig trenches, we had to do the filling, we covered

10 trenches, we had to pull out the fallen Serbian soldiers. When they needed

11 people for human shields, they would use us. And then when we returned,

12 oftentimes we would be beaten.

13 Q. Now, again, at paragraph 26 of your ICTY statement, you name some

14 people who you say took you from the detention facility up to the lines.

15 The first name you give is a man called Milosevic. Could you tell us who

16 Milosevic was?

17 A. I don't know who he was. He was a soldier. He would come and

18 take 20, 30, 40 or 50 men and took them to work. He would take them to

19 work and bring them back.

20 Q. And Dusan Arnaut, who was he?

21 A. I believe that he was a soldier, just like the previous one,

22 Milosevic. He also came to take workers. He would take us to work and he

23 would bring us back. In the meantime, he would guard us.

24 Q. And Damjanovic?

25 A. Damjanovic, wherever we were taken, he would follow and he would

Page 10931

1 beat us. He would beat whoever he saw. If he didn't see us, he wouldn't

2 beat us.

3 Q. Now, the previous two names as you've identified as soldiers.

4 Was Damjanovic also a soldier, to your knowledge?

5 A. He was a soldier, but I don't know what role he played.

6 Sometimes he arrived in a camouflage uniform and other times in a black

7 uniform. He had a long beard, long hair. Sometimes he wore a black hat

8 with a cockade, and sometimes he also carried a flag with the inscription

9 Chetniks on it.

10 Q. So I take it, or could I ask you, these three men who you've just

11 spoken about, were they Serbs or Muslims or something else?

12 A. They were Serbs.

13 Q. In paragraph 28 of your statement to the Tribunal, you talk about

14 the first time you were used as a human shield on Zuc hill. Is Zuc the --

15 if you could have another look at the map that was beside you on the

16 machine, can you see, although it's been chopped off a little bit in the

17 reproduction, can you see the location you marked as number 8, which was

18 the first time you were used as a human shield?

19 A. Here, on Zuc? From Zuc towards Orlic or towards Kmetisce

20 [phoen], there is a playground there and some oak trees, and this is where

21 I was used as a human shield for the first time. That time, there was no

22 shooting. So on the following day, I was also used as a human shield, and

23 a further 50 metres was taken towards Kmetisce on that day.

24 Q. Now, moving on further in your statement to the Tribunal, at

25 paragraph 34, you talk about the occasion when you were used as a human

Page 10932

1 shield at the end of October, and you say, at that time, two Serb soldiers

2 were going behind you. One was Spiric Nebojsa, and you say that he was

3 Vlaco's deputy, Vlaco being the man you identified earlier in your

4 statement as the commander of Planjo's house. How did you learn that

5 Spiric was Vlaco's deputy?

6 A. On several occasions, he told us that. He said that if Vlaco

7 wasn't there, that he was our commander.

8 Q. Now, paragraph --

9 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Edgerton, before we get any problem, you say in

10 reproducing number 8 it disappears from the map, but you tendered a copy

11 where number 8 does not appear either. So perhaps for the record, I think

12 there is a problem in tendering a reproduction, but then to clarify the

13 issue, we find on the bottom right-hand side, almost south from where it

14 reads Vogosca, the city we see at the very edge of the reproduced map, the

15 word Zuc, and that's where the 8 was marked, I take it.

16 MS. EDGERTON: Correct. Just your indulgence for a moment, Your

17 Honour, because I think we are nearing the end.

18 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Edgerton, yes, because if you say you could

19 finish in a couple of minutes, then we'll continue; otherwise, it would be

20 the time for a break. But if you say it's a matter of not more than five

21 to seven minutes, then with the assistance of the interpreters and the

22 technicians, we could continue.


24 Q. Well, now Mr. Selimovic --

25 MS. EDGERTON: And it won't be any more than five or seven

Page 10933

1 minutes, Your Honour.

2 Q. -- in paragraph 37 of your statement to the Tribunal, you talk

3 about being asked to bury Zahid Barucija. Do you have any idea of the

4 month in which you were asked to do this?

5 A. I remember, it was in January 1993, between the 22nd and the 25th

6 of January. I can't remember the exact date.

7 Q. Did you know who he was beforehand?

8 A. Zahid Barucija?

9 Q. Correct.

10 A. Yes, he was in Planjo's house. He was brought in as a worker.

11 He was brought in to lay some logs, together with Dragan Damjanovic and

12 Borisa. These two brought him, and they did not -- we didn't see him alive

13 again. On the following day, as we were working, we were told that

14 Barucija started running and that he stepped on a landmine and that he got

15 killed.

16 Q. All right. That's -- thank you.

17 MS. EDGERTON: I don't think I have any further question for you

18 now, Mr. Selimovic. Thank you very much.

19 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Thank you.

20 JUDGE ORIE: Mr. Selimovic, we will first have a break, and after

21 the break - I take it that, Mr. Stewart, you will cross-examine the witness

22 - so after the break, questions will be put to you by Mr. Stewart, who is

23 counsel for the Defence.

24 We will adjourn until quarter past 4.00.

25 --- Recess taken at 3.50 p.m.

Page 10934

1 --- On resuming at 4.21 p.m.

2 JUDGE ORIE: Mr. Stewart, are you ready to cross-examine the

3 witness?

4 MR. STEWART: Yes, thank you, Your Honour.

5 Cross-examined by Mr. Stewart:

6 Q. Mr. Selimovic, in paragraph 6 of the statement that you gave to

7 this Tribunal, you refer to keeping guard and you're organising yourselves.

8 You said there were eight guard posts, two men on each post, and you said

9 that your weapons were your own hunting rifles. Did you own a hunting

10 rifle before you started to keep guard?

11 A. No.

12 Q. So were you one of the men who bought a weapon subsequently?

13 A. Yes.

14 Q. And what did you buy?

15 A. An M-48 rifle.

16 Q. And you say in your statement, later you had some weapons that

17 you bought. First of all, when did you -- do you remember exactly when you

18 started to keep guard, you personally?

19 A. I believe that it was on the 3rd or on the 4th of May.

20 Q. And had you bought that M-48 before or after you started to stand

21 guard?

22 A. We were standing guard even before we had rifles. We had only

23 one hunting rifle. And later on, Smajo Durmic sold me a rifle. He asked

24 me to pay him 300 German marks. I don't know who he himself had gotten

25 this rifle from.

Page 10935

1 Q. And if you started, as you say, to keep guard yourself on the 3rd

2 or the 4th of May, how long after that did you buy that rifle?

3 A. I believe it was on the 2nd of May or maybe on the 3rd of May.

4 But even before that, for two or three nights before that, we were standing

5 guard with one hunting rifle.

6 Q. You refer in your statement to you, and that's you and somebody

7 else, because you talk about "we had some weapons that we bought, as well,

8 two automatic rifles and two or three M-48 military rifles." Those

9 weapons, those were for the group that was on your particular guard post;

10 is that right?

11 A. No. I was standing guard with my own rifle, and there was also a

12 hunting rifle owned by Taib Dzogo. We took turns but we used the same

13 weapons.

14 Q. Who had two automatic rifles and two or three M-48 military

15 rifles?

16 A. Hamdija Durmic had an M-48, Mustafa Hadzic had an automatic rifle

17 that he had bought, and I don't know who had the other automatic rifle. I

18 know that there were some hunting rifles on top of these.

19 Q. You keep talking about the hunting rifles, but, Mr. Selimovic,

20 I'm asking you because it is your statement that says, "We bought two

21 automatic rifles and two or three M-48 military rifles." So far, you have

22 told the Trial Chamber that Mustafa Hadzic had an automatic rifle, you

23 don't know who had the other automatic rifle, and you had, you've told the

24 Trial Chamber, an M-48. So somebody else as well had an M-48, did they?

25 A. Hamdija Durmic had an M-48; I've said that.

Page 10936

1 Q. You're quite right. The transcript got a bit blurred there.

2 Those men, were they together with you on your guard post?

3 A. Not all of us. There were two men at one guard post, two other

4 men were at another guard post, and so on and so forth.

5 Q. Who was on your guard post with you?

6 A. There was myself, my cousin, Mirsad Selimovic, Ramiz Hamzic, who

7 replaced us, and Ferid Hamzic.

8 Q. So that's none of the men that you mentioned a minute ago as the

9 owners of this other M-48 and the two automatic rifles.

10 A. That's correct. Dzogo Taib had a hunting rifle. He was an

11 elderly man. He couldn't stand guard himself. That's why he gave his

12 rifle to somebody else. And there was also my rifle, the one that I had

13 bought.

14 Q. So was your rifle the one that -- yes, your rifle, was that the

15 only rifle available on your particular guard post?

16 A. Yes, my rifle and the hunting rifle that belonged to Taib Dzogo.

17 Q. So in your statement when you talk about "we had some weapons

18 that we bought," what group is it that you're referring to there as "we"?

19 A. I was referring to myself and to Hamdija Durmic, because Smajo

20 Durmic brought these two rifles and sold them to the two of us.

21 MR. STEWART: I have no more questions, Your Honour. Thank you.

22 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you, Mr. Stewart.

23 MS. EDGERTON: No re-examination.

24 JUDGE ORIE: Does any question arise from cross-examination?

25 MS. EDGERTON: No, Your Honour.

Page 10937

1 JUDGE ORIE: Since the Bench has no questions for you either, Mr.

2 Selimovic, this concludes your testimony in this Court. Of course the

3 Court has read your statements as well, so the information you have

4 provided is not only the answers to the questions put to you today but the

5 statements will be available for the Court as well, which, of course, give

6 us more information than you've just told us today.

7 Mr. Selimovic, I'd like to thank you very much for coming a long

8 way to The Hague and to answer the questions of the parties, and I wish you

9 a safe trip home again.

10 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Thank you very much.

11 JUDGE ORIE: Madam Usher, could you please escort the witness out

12 of the courtroom.

13 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I'll just take a sip of water,

14 please.

15 [The witness withdrew]

16 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, there's one residual matter, then,

17 that arises in relation to this witness's evidence which didn't require him

18 to remain.

19 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Let's then hear that first.

20 MR. STEWART: Yes. Your Honour, it relates to the point that

21 Your Honours raised immediately before the evidence began, at the tail end

22 of the statements relating to events outside the indictment period. Your

23 Honour mentioned the limits of a criminal case. There is, of course, also

24 the limits of how far a witness has a say over what evidence gets admitted

25 --

Page 10938

1 JUDGE ORIE: I think I made that clear.

2 MR. STEWART: Yes, indeed, Your Honour. We're at one on that,

3 with respect, Your Honour.

4 In our submission, Your Honours, having explored it with Ms.

5 Edgerton, it's quite clear that this is -- this piece of the evidence is

6 not linked to evidence within the indictment period sufficiently closely

7 for it to be properly admitted, and that, therefore, should be excluded, in

8 our submission.

9 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Edgerton.

10 MS. EDGERTON: Your Honour, I'm not going to take a strong

11 position in this regard. I also advised the Court that I didn't make any

12 redactions at the specific wish of Mr. Selimovic, whose confidence in and

13 understanding of the 89(F) proceedings was ...


15 [Trial Chamber confers]

16 JUDGE ORIE: The Prosecution is expected to take out, since the

17 Chamber will not admit it, take out any specific events in January and

18 February 1993, Ms. Edgerton.

19 The practical way is how they are going to do that because to

20 produce even more paper might be not a good thing to do. What we'll do is,

21 the Chamber will instruct the Registry to strike out those parts of the

22 statement we have in mind, and then the parties will get a copy of that

23 specific page where we find any errors. If there would then be any further

24 problem, we will hear from the parties.

25 The Chamber, at the same time, appreciated to receive P558,

Page 10939












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 10940

1 double-side copied, because the waste of paper is not to be ignored in this

2 Tribunal, and especially these one-page documents could be printed out in

3 B/C/S on one side. The only problem for Madam Registrar is that one side

4 of the page would then have P558 and the other side of the page would then

5 be P558.1, but I think we would overcome this problem.

6 Ms. Edgerton.

7 MS. EDGERTON: I'd just like say, Your Honour, I can take

8 absolutely no credit in that regard, and pass it all on to Ms. Javier

9 beside me.

10 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, I take it the one who took the initiative will

11 take the credit for it as well.

12 Is there any other issue at this moment? Because otherwise I

13 would like to, first of all, go through the exhibits in relation to this

14 witness, and then to the extent the parties are prepared, also to pay

15 attention to the Djokanovic document -- exhibits which have been prepared,

16 more or less. I saw that there was at least a list of documents produced

17 so that we can go through that as well.

18 First of all, the exhibits in relation to this witness.

19 Madam Registrar, could you perhaps briefly ...

20 [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

21 JUDGE ORIE: Madam Registrar justly wanted me to make the

22 redaction first before the documents are admitted into evidence. I'm just

23 seeking the assistance of the parties. It is the 1990 -- no, I think it's

24 the ICTY statement ...

25 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, I think it perhaps logically starts

Page 10941

1 with the other one because it has the specific dates, and then I believe

2 it's very clear in the other statement which events follow on from that.

3 JUDGE ORIE: At the same time, I would like -- since I now see

4 the originals, Ms. Edgerton, what you tendered as P556, there is still, if

5 I may say so, the old version of the 1993 statement attached to it. Is

6 that what you want?

7 MS. EDGERTON: No, Your Honour, we're not relying on the old

8 version.

9 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, but nevertheless, as you presented it, it's now

10 part of P556 so what we would like to have to be P556 is just the statement

11 without anything attached to it.

12 MS. EDGERTON: Correct.

13 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. And that starts with last three digits 973 and

14 goes on until 980 in the English translation, and it would be 915, last

15 three digits, up to 922 in the B/C/S original, or we never know what the

16 original is but at least the -- yes.

17 Madam Registrar, if you would. Yes, so we take the 1993

18 statement ...

19 [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

20 MR. STEWART: We think it's paragraph 32 onwards is the earlier

21 statement and 39 onwards in the other statement. I don't know if that's

22 the Prosecution --

23 JUDGE ORIE: That's not our problem. We would like to have a

24 clean copy tendered of the ICTY statement without the attachment and also a

25 clean copy of the better, legible version, and I think that's P555, but to

Page 10942

1 have a clean copy separated from anything else. Could you provide that?

2 MR. STEWART: My apologies, Your Honour, I hadn't realised what

3 the particular hold-up was, I'm sorry for that.

4 JUDGE ORIE: The next step would be to take out, I think, 31 and

5 32, as you suggested. Since the 1993 statement was P555, if I do not -- if

6 I'm not mistaken, yes, we'll take it out from there.

7 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, I wasn't pressing for 31 because I

8 think 31 does, in fact, strictly speaking, relate back to 1992. If not,

9 the -- the indictment period.

10 JUDGE ORIE: It's not very clear --

11 MR. STEWART: I really don't mind either way, Your Honour, on

12 that.

13 JUDGE ORIE: If you take out the last line -- no, let's take out

14 32. I think that's a more proper way of --

15 MR. STEWART: 32 onwards, Your Honour, as we would understand it.

16 I think Ms. Edgerton is nodding in apparent agreement.

17 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, that's unclear a bit.

18 Ms. Edgerton, do you have any -- for example, 34 is about the

19 detention in Svrake, which might well be within the time limits. The next

20 one, however, 35, would be in the Kula camp which would be on from the 9th

21 of February.

22 MR. STEWART: With respect, Your Honour, it isn't quite that

23 simple anyway. The sentence, "During my detention in Svrake, I was beaten

24 up by a Chetnik," and so on, that may very well stay in, but the rest of it

25 then relates again to Kula as to what did and didn't happen in Kula.

Page 10943

1 JUDGE ORIE: We'll take out paragraph 32, Ms. Edgerton, if you

2 would agree with that.


4 JUDGE ORIE: 32 is taken out.

5 MS. EDGERTON: 33 can also be removed.

6 JUDGE ORIE: 33 is taken out, then, as well. I thank you. Then

7 34, first line -- the first sentence could remain and the rest to be taken

8 out.

9 MS. EDGERTON: 35 can be removed.

10 JUDGE ORIE: 35 to be removed.

11 MS. EDGERTON: 36 and 37.

12 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, and that's the last paragraph, anyhow.

13 Madam Registrar, this is then P555, and P556 would then be the

14 ICTY statement without any attachment but with translation.

15 Yes, so redactions, do the parties still need a copy of the

16 pages, or is that clear enough, what I removed?

17 MR. STEWART: That's clear enough, thank you, Your Honour.

18 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. That saves another two sheets of paper.

19 Madam Registrar.

20 THE REGISTRAR: P555 is the witness statement to Republic of BiH,

21 Ilijas municipality commission for crime investigation, dated 5 April 1993,

22 a point 1 is the English translation.

23 P556 is the ICTY witness statement, dated June 21, 1997, and

24 point 1 is the B/C/S translation.

25 P557 is the map of Ilijas and Vogosca and surrounding area that

Page 10944

1 was pre-marked by the witness.

2 And P558, daily bulletin for August 29, 1992, Serbian Republic of

3 BiH, Serbian municipality of Vogosca branch prison, and point 1 is the

4 English translation.

5 JUDGE ORIE: Thank you, Madam Registrar.

6 If there are no objections.

7 MR. STEWART: No, objections, Your Honour. Perhaps I lost track

8 of it Your Honour, but I'm not sure that we dealt with the equivalent

9 removal of paragraphs from the ICTY -- from the ICTY statement.

10 JUDGE ORIE: Are there any -- I'm not quite sure whether there

11 are any equivalent --

12 MR. STEWART: Well, yes, it was 39 onwards, Your Honour. It

13 wasn't too long after that that we were taken to Kula. Those are the

14 exactly equivalent events, and the Defence proposal is that then there's no

15 -- there's nothing interspersed there. The whole of the rest of that

16 statement comes out as all relating to Kula and subsequently.

17 JUDGE ORIE: Ms. Edgerton, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, and 45 are to

18 be taken out.

19 MS. EDGERTON: And can we take out number 36? Because the

20 corresponding paragraph has been removed from the 1993 statement.

21 MR. STEWART: We certainly don't oppose that, Your Honour.

22 JUDGE ORIE: So then 36 is taken out, and it's clearly in the

23 record that these documents that had not yet been filed, although were

24 admitted, the parts just mentioned are now taken out and are no longer in

25 evidence anymore.

Page 10945

1 MR. STEWART: And no doubt the public will appreciate when they

2 peruse the transcript and look at the 89(F) statement, they will realise

3 that the tail end of the 89(F) statement relates to evidence which has been

4 taken out of the case, so they will put it out of their minds as they

5 avidly read that bit of the transcript.

6 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, if they follow all of the transcript, they have

7 not only heard the resume but also the remarks just made.

8 MS. EDGERTON: Your Honour, if I may just to raise something, in

9 complete fairness, that we may have overlooked. There is one episode in

10 which the witness was a human shield that looks like it's occurred in

11 January of 1993, and in all fairness, I thought I better raise it at this

12 time.


14 MS. EDGERTON: That's paragraph 38 of his ICTY statement.

15 JUDGE ORIE: I'll have a look at it again.

16 MS. EDGERTON: Please. I raise this, Your Honour, because he

17 testified, and from the totality of his statements, it's quite clear that

18 he was a human shield on the sixth occasion, found the body of Barucija

19 immediately after that, and within four days, two days - he's changed his

20 story a couple of times - but in any case, a very short while, was

21 transferred to Kula. So it seems to me we're talking about a time in

22 January 1993. And I apologise for not raising it earlier. I certainly had

23 not appreciated it until ...

24 JUDGE ORIE: It's not entirely clear. If we have got five

25 occasions, could we consider that this was not the end of it? I mean, it

Page 10946

1 doesn't add that much, it doesn't -- Mr. Stewart, do you insist on this

2 precision?

3 MR. STEWART: There are two points, Your Honour. While not

4 minimising the use of a human shield, six and five are not perhaps

5 fundamentally different for these purposes; however, it's very fair of Ms.

6 Edgerton to draw attention to that paragraph because it does contain rather

7 more. And if that paragraph relates overall, as it appears as a reasonable

8 inference that it does, then the whole paragraph should come out.

9 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. I'd rather not deal with it right away. If

10 the parties could see whether there is an agreement. If Ms. Edgerton says,

11 taking out 38 would be fine as far as the Prosecution is concerned, then

12 let's be very practical and take it out, if the Defence does not oppose,

13 and not spend any more time on it.

14 MR. STEWART: We won't oppose to taking it out if Ms. Edgerton is

15 prepared to make that proposal, Your Honour.

16 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. So 38 is out as well and is also removed after

17 it has been in evidence for a couple of minutes. It's not anymore, Madam

18 Registrar.

19 Then, if we could go back then not to the previous witness but,

20 first of all, Mr. Djokanovic. I have a list in front of me which goes from

21 P532 up to and including P548 and D37.

22 [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

23 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, Mr. Stewart, the registrar draws my attention

24 to the fact that none of the Defence exhibits introduced through Witness

25 Djokanovic have been formally tendered; that would be D37, an interview

Page 10947

1 with Dragan Djokanovic, published the 25th of June, 1992; that would be

2 D38, a witness statement, dated 12 to the 14th of February; and a D39, a

3 witness statement dated 16, 17, and 18 of December. I noticed that Ms.

4 Loukas announced that she would tender them. May I take it that D37, D38

5 and D39 are tendered?

6 MR. STEWART: Your Honours, certainly, and that does exactly

7 reflect the helpful discussions that I had this morning with the officers

8 of the Trial Chamber.

9 JUDGE ORIE: Then, Mr. Margetts, looking at the P list, P532 up

10 until 548 and including that last number, Mr. Stewart, is there any

11 objection, because I would like -- as a matter of fact, usually Madam

12 Registrar reads out more or less the description of those documents, so I

13 would -- since there was an exchange of what the content of those documents

14 was this morning by e-mail, I would -- if we decide to admit them, if there

15 are no objections, I would ask the parties to look at the list prepared by

16 Madam Registrar to see whether the description shows any flaws, and if so,

17 the description could be changed. That would not change the evidence, as

18 such.

19 Mr. Stewart, is there any objection against --

20 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, I'm not clear what list I'm looking

21 at. I had the e-mail this morning.

22 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, but the e-mail mentions P532 up until P548.

23 Yes. I would like to know whether there's any objection against admission

24 into evidence of those documents, and as we know, Madam Registrar keeps a

25 full record of all the admitted evidence.

Page 10948

1 [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

2 JUDGE ORIE: You received a list which gives the numbers, the

3 date of admission, through which witness they were admitted, who was

4 counsel for the Prosecution at that moment, and then a description which is

5 a bit more precise, usually, than we find it in this e-mail. If there's

6 any comment on the precise description, that could be changed. The

7 evidence, of course, would not change.

8 MR. STEWART: Yes, I understand, Your Honour. I had no problem

9 with the list on the e-mail, so Your Honour is inviting me, not at this

10 moment, but if there is any discrepancy, to inform the Trial Chamber

11 accordingly; is my understanding correct?

12 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, yes.

13 MR. STEWART: Thank you, Your Honour. On that basis, I'm content

14 with the list as e-mailed to me this morning. Thank you.

15 JUDGE ORIE: Then P532 up to P548 and including that last number

16 are admitted into evidence.

17 Mr. Margetts, D37, 38, 39, any objections against ...

18 MR. MARGETTS: No objections, Your Honour. Just one comment on

19 D38. I think it was earlier described as a witness statement of 12 to 14

20 February. I think that was one of the dates that it --

21 JUDGE ORIE: It also on the precise list, you would see it would

22 be also the 13th of July and the 29th and the 30th of September, 2003.

23 MR. MARGETTS: Yes, Your Honour.

24 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. No objections, then. D37 up to and including

25 D39 are admitted into evidence.

Page 10949

1 Is there any update to be given on the matters I raised a couple

2 of days ago? I think it was yesterday that I asked. That was about --

3 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, I have -- on the question of Mr.

4 Mandic --


6 MR. STEWART: -- and that issue was private session and

7 confidentiality, Mr. Tieger and I did meet yesterday evening.


9 MR. STEWART: Mr. Tieger has lobbed the ball back over to my side

10 of the net. The only thing is that he's lobbed back exactly the ball that

11 I'd lobbed to him.

12 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, that's fine.

13 MR. STEWART: So whether I'm going to play a different shot is

14 another matter.

15 Your Honour, I am going to consider again Mr. Tieger's proposal,

16 but it hasn't changed, and then -- and try to inform the Trial Chamber next

17 time we're here.

18 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Of course, the Trial Chamber mainly wants to

19 know not where the ball is but whether we have to give a decision.

20 MR. STEWART: I'm doing what Your Honour's just asked me to do,

21 Your Honour, which is report the position and --

22 JUDGE ORIE: So there is no solution yet. We'll wait until after

23 the -- after Easter, and if there is no decision -- if there's no solid

24 expectation that a solution could be reached by the party, we'll deal with

25 the matter ourselves.

Page 10950

1 MR. STEWART: Yes, thank you, Your Honour.

2 Your Honour, I take it that, so far as there is disagreement

3 between us, if we are not able to resolve this matter, that we will have

4 the opportunity of making appropriate submissions in relation to that

5 disagreement.

6 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, you can even make a proposal. Together with

7 the message that you think you could not resolve the matter, you can make a

8 proposal for a time schedule so that we could deal with the matter within

9 the next ten days after --

10 MR. STEWART: I'm obliged, Your Honour. Thank you very much for

11 that.

12 JUDGE ORIE: Whether it would be written or oral submissions, the

13 Chamber will further consider.

14 Then I think the redaction of Mr. Bjelobrk's statement would need

15 a little bit more time.

16 D34 and D35, the tapes, was that settled?

17 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, I understand from our case manager that

18 we're still working on providing that material to the Defence.

19 JUJDGE ORIE: Yes. In order to avoid us asking every day, would

20 there be any idea on when we can revisit this matter?

21 MR. HANNIS: She tells me the end of this week, Your Honour.

22 JUDGE ORIE: Yes. Then after Easter we'll come back to that.

23 Then the translation of P252, does that raise any further -- or

24 should we wait for that?

25 MR. STEWART: Well, Your Honour, so far, I hope I've been able to

Page 10951

1 answer your questions adequately, but as far as P252 is -- because I don't

2 have the faintest recollection what it is and can't give any assistance

3 whatever.

4 JUDGE ORIE: It says that the OTP still awaits details of Defence

5 objections to the translation of P252, and the Defence is to give details

6 of its objections, and at that time, it says, within three weeks, and this

7 was the 28th of February.

8 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, the ball is clearly in my court.


10 Then, Madam Registrar, do we have any exhibits remaining from

11 Witness 60? That's all settled.

12 Are there any other exhibits still on our list, apart from those

13 we dealt with? If not, I did understand that the next witness would be

14 called tomorrow; is that a correct understanding?

15 MR. HANNIS: That's correct, Your Honour.

16 JUDGE ORIE: Mr. Stewart, have you got any idea how much time you

17 would need for cross-examination for the next witness?

18 MR. STEWART: I have an idea, Your Honour, yes --


20 MR. STEWART: -- which, of course, I'm conscientiously willing to

21 share.

22 Your Honour, my idea is that I would be somewhere around two to

23 three hours, but, Your Honour, that's -- well, not even remotely set in

24 stone, Your Honour. I shan't be -- I'm not going to be days with him, Your

25 Honour.

Page 10952

1 JUDGE ORIE: Is there any response from the -- of course, I'm

2 trying to find out whether we expect to be here still on Thursday.

3 MR. STEWART: Well, Your Honour, the -- I think it -- I'm trying

4 to be helpful, Your Honour. I think it follows, and given that the

5 admission of this evidence and the order in relation to cross-examination

6 does relate to relatively confined areas, though Mr. Tieger has very

7 helpfully indicated to me a little extra material that he wishes to refer

8 to, which is perfectly helpful, I don't expect, Your Honour, that we're

9 talking about exceeding a single day of hearing.

10 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, and that would include any further questions

11 that would come up due to cross-examination? Of course, you can't -- but

12 would there be sufficient time reserved for ...

13 MR. STEWART: Your Honour, judging by the pattern of questions

14 and a general ratio of re-examination to cross-examination and Bench's

15 questions, my confidence that we will finish within one day stands.

16 JUDGE ORIE: Yes, Mr. Hannis, do you have a similar expectation?

17 MR. HANNIS: May I have a moment, Your Honour. I think I

18 received an e-mail.


20 [Prosecution counsel confer]

21 JUDGE ORIE: Mobile phones are banned from court, now the e-

22 mails.

23 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, it was unrelated to the immediate

24 question. I think, based on what Mr. Stewart said and what I understand of

25 this witness and what Mr. Tieger told me, I think it may take all day, but

Page 10953












12 Blank page inserted to ensure pagination corresponds between the French and

13 English transcripts.













Page 10954

1 I don't think it will go into the next day.

2 JUDGE ORIE: Okay. That's fine. Then the parties know that if

3 they are not finished, they will see each other back in court on Thursday.

4 We will adjourn until tomorrow afternoon, quarter past 2.00, in

5 this same courtroom.

6 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 5.07 p.m.,

7 to be reconvened on Wednesday, the 23rd day of

8 March, 2005, at 2.15 p.m.