Tribunal Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Page 23103

1 Monday, 25 February 2008

2 [Open session]

3 [The accused entered court]

4 --- Upon commencing at 9.01 a.m.

5 JUDGE BONOMY: Good morning, everyone. We'll continue now with

6 the evidence of Mr. Vucurevic.

7 [The witness entered court]

8 JUDGE BONOMY: Good morning, Mr. Vucurevic.

9 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Good morning.

10 JUDGE BONOMY: Your examination by Mr. Lukic will continue in a

11 moment. Please bear in mind that the solemn declaration to speak the

12 truth that you make at the outset of the evidence continues to apply to

13 that evidence today.

14 Mr. Lukic.

15 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.


17 [Witness answered through interpreter]

18 Examination by Mr. Lukic: [Continued]

19 Q. [Interpretation] Good morning, Mr. Vucurevic.

20 A. Good morning.

21 Q. On Friday, we finished on the topic of having documents taken

22 away. Does the loss, destruction, or seizure of documents mean loss of

23 any kind of civic status in the FRY at that point in time?

24 A. Well, the loss of any document does not mean the loss of status of

25 a citizen of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. I've already mentioned,

Page 23104

1 if a passport is lost abroad, there is an appropriate procedure to be

2 applied, and the same goes for things that happen within the country; that

3 is to say, that whoever loses his or her passport is duty-bound to report

4 that to the closest police station.

5 The procedure is fully prescribed. The document is proclaimed

6 invalid and a new document is issued. The same goes for personal identity

7 card. That is also a public document that is used for showing a person's

8 identity or proving a person's identity.

9 As for personal identity cards and passports and other documents,

10 there are registers that are kept. For personal IDs and passports, in

11 addition to registers, there are files as well. There are also IS

12 records; that is, the unified information system. So the details of each

13 and every person are kept in several places.

14 I would particularly like to point out the register. The register

15 registers every passport that is issued, that goes for travel documents

16 and personal IDs. Files of issued passports and IDs are kept in

17 accordance with the alphabetical order or either in the Cyrillic or the

18 Latin alphabet. So we can always establish who this person is. If all

19 documents were lost, we look at the print of the right index finger or

20 also statements can be taken from two witnesses.

21 I would like to note that, in addition to the ministry, records on

22 citizens are kept in other services, too, like the register of birth

23 certificates and the register of citizens. They belong to the ministry of

24 state administration and local administration. So this is an independent

25 ministry that also has the details of all the persons who were born in the

Page 23105

1 territory of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

2 Q. Now, these registers, is there a specific register of a particular

3 ethnic group? For example, is it possible to destroy the register of

4 citizens of Albanian ethnic background or are registers mixed, so to

5 speak?

6 A. There is a single type of register. I said that documents are

7 registered in the order which they are issued. There is a decree with a

8 very long name on archive materials, and it states -- I can't remember its

9 exact name now, but it states that records have to be kept permanently,

10 that's the way it's been since 1945. I don't know if there are any

11 registers before that year.

12 JUDGE BONOMY: I'm not clear from that answer. Is it possible to

13 destroy the register of citizens of Albanian ethnic background or are

14 registers mixed? The English translation does not make a clear statement

15 in answer to that. Could you answer that again, please, just the simple

16 question whether the registers are kept on an ethnic -- according to

17 ethnic background.

18 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No, Your Honour. There is only a

19 single type of register. There are no registers on the basis of ethnic

20 background.

21 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

22 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Registers are compiled in the order

23 in which documents are issued and requests received.

24 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

25 Mr. Lukic.

Page 23106

1 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.

2 Q. What was done with records just before the bombing started?

3 A. As far as I know, I think that these records were relocated, and I

4 think that this was done by employees from the administration of the

5 border police. I think they were relocated from the secretariats because

6 it was assumed that these would be targets of NATO attacks. So this was

7 done with a view to preserving these records. Where it was that they were

8 taken away, I really don't know.

9 Q. Do you know whether these records were handed over to UNMIK?

10 A. I think that I heard at the administration that this was, indeed,

11 handed over.

12 JUDGE BONOMY: What is the source of your information on this?

13 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Well, as I've already said, in

14 contacts with employees of the administration because that is my own line

15 of work, too.

16 JUDGE BONOMY: You see, if there's only one record, why give it to

17 UNMIK when it obviously will contain records of people who will no longer

18 be in Kosovo after the war?

19 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I really don't know why

20 this was done; but, as I said, in addition to these registers, all the

21 information is kept in computers as well. According to our system, this

22 is called a databank of persons; that is to say, that there are electronic

23 records of all the persons to who personal identity cards were issued to

24 and who lived in which area.

25 [Trial Chamber confers]

Page 23107

1 JUDGE BONOMY: I may have missed it, but I didn't hear an earlier

2 reference to computers.

3 Are you saying they were computerised records in 1999?

4 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] That's right, not only in 1999 but

5 also the years before that.

6 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

7 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation]

8 Q. I would also like to clarify something. Is there just one record

9 or several records or several types of books or ledgers where the status

10 of citizens is registered?

11 A. As I've already said, the Ministry of the Interior keeps records

12 on personal identity cards that were issued, on passports issued, driver's

13 licences issued, and traffic licences issued; whereas, the Ministry for

14 State Administration is the ministry to which local registry officers

15 belong, and that is where birth certificates are issued and kept and death

16 certificates and all other records pertaining to citizens.

17 Q. Now that we're dealing with this particular area, a minor, a

18 person under age, a child of the age of 10, does such a person have a

19 personal ID?

20 A. Such a person does not have an ID and does not have the obligation

21 to have an ID.

22 Q. Let's assume that this person doesn't have a passport, does this

23 person have the status of a citizen and is this person recorded in

24 records; and if so, in what records to the best of your knowledge?

25 A. First and foremost, in the records of birth. Every child that is

Page 23108

1 born has to be registered. Also, there is a register of the population.

2 Parents are duty-bound to register their children at the SUPs, too, so

3 records can be found about them in the SUPs stating that such persons are

4 citizens of a particular town.

5 Q. What about the record of citizenship, are they registered there,

6 too?

7 A. As soon as a child is born, the child is registered in the

8 register of citizenship; although, I would like to say that the rules on

9 registration changed several times in our country. So information on

10 citizenship were sometimes registered in birth registers and sometimes in

11 citizenship registers. But I cannot give you the exact periods of time

12 when the records were kept and in which way; but, at any rate, it was

13 always at the local registry offices.

14 Q. Now, one of these records, the record of births, how many copies

15 exist of each and every one of them?

16 A. I think that a register or record of births is kept in a single

17 copy, but the register of citizens in two copies.

18 Q. The register of citizens that is kept in two copies is kept in how

19 many places?

20 A. Records of citizenship are kept in two different places, primarily

21 at the local register offices; and the second copy of the register of

22 citizens is kept in the Ministry of the Interior.

23 Q. Are all of these records kept on a mixed basis, irrespective of

24 the ethnic background of the persons concerned?

25 A. All records are kept on the basis of the order in which requests

Page 23109

1 were received; that is to say, once a child is born and once the parents

2 come to register the child, then an entry is made in the book of births

3 and in the book of citizenship. If I'm being clear, all the records are a

4 single one, so to speak, so there is no particular record of different

5 ethnicities.

6 Q. We heard testimony here that in depth, in the territory of Kosovo

7 and Metohija, personal identity cards were being taken away. We heard

8 stories about border crossings, when people were leaving Kosovo and

9 Metohija, personal IDs were being taken away.

10 Is there any point in that, to take a personal ID card away from a

11 person if one wishes to destroy his identity as a citizen of the Federal

12 Republic of Yugoslavia?

13 A. Well, in my view, that is totally pointless. As I've said, in

14 several places, there are records that are kept about each and every

15 citizen. So someone's identity can always be established. I would like

16 to give an example here. Asylum seekers, quite a few citizens of the

17 former SFRY and of the FRY went illegally to Western countries, and then

18 they were deported or re-admitted into our country. As for documents,

19 they didn't have any on them. They gave information; and on the basis of

20 the information they provided, we established that they were our citizens.

21 For those persons who were our citizens, we sent replies to the

22 state organs of the other countries saying that, yes, these were our

23 citizens; and, of course, we have to be prepared to have them re-admitted

24 into the country.

25 Q. Nebojsa Ognjenovic testified before you from the Vrbnica border

Page 23110

1 crossing, and he was asked about that, whether personal IDs were taken

2 away at the border crossing.

3 Nebojsa Ognjenovic, as a member of the border police station, as

4 he carries out his duties at work, does he have anything to do whatsoever

5 with personal IDs? Does he ever ask a person who comes to his border

6 crossing to show him his or her personal ID card?

7 A. On the basis of the law on crossing the state border and moving

8 within the border area, the procedure is prescribed in full. Identity of

9 persons is checked in this area and identity is established on the basis

10 of a travel document, or rather, a passport. As I said, there are several

11 types of travel documents in our country, and that's why I use that

12 terminology, but the jargon is invariably passport.

13 In this area, the officials only check whether a person does have

14 a travel document, whether it is that person's travel document, whether

15 it's a valid travel document, and whether the person has a visa for

16 travelling to a particular country that requires a visa; that is to say,

17 they don't ask anyone for a personal ID. A personal ID card is a document

18 that is used internally, only within the country within which it was

19 issued.

20 Q. If a person would have a regular, valid personal ID card and would

21 show Nebojsa Ognjenovic or one of his colleagues that personal ID card,

22 could he let such a person leave the country on the basis of the personal

23 ID card?

24 A. No. The said person could not leave the country because in order

25 to leave the country one has to have a travel document?

Page 23111

1 Q. What about Yugoslavia in 1999, were there any international

2 agreements with Albania and Macedonia in place at the time that would have

3 allowed for the movement of citizens across state borders carrying nothing

4 more than an identification document?

5 A. No. Our country had no such agreements with these countries or at

6 least none that I knew of. Since I had been dispatched to Kosovo and

7 Metohija for that sort of business, I should have been informed by the

8 administration itself of any such agreements that existed.

9 JUDGE CHOWHAN: Just a minute. This thing is not very clear.

10 Were there cases where people, now before all this crisis, travelled

11 across the border to Albania or other places without a passport on the

12 basis of some other identification material? Did they ever travel like

13 that?

14 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No. As far as I know, people

15 couldn't travel to any country with an identification document alone. You

16 could have travelled with a passport or with border passes, which was

17 another type of travel documents, and this applied only to those countries

18 with which our country had an actual agreement on this. A border pass is

19 only used by citizens who live in the border belt and only in order to

20 travel to the neighbouring -- to a neighbouring country.

21 There is an agreement that specifies the distance, normally

22 between 20 and 50 kilometres, and maybe there is a list of particular

23 towns and villages of places to which citizens of one country are entitled

24 to travel by using only those border passes, potential destinations in the

25 other country.

Page 23112

1 There are even special border crossings that are sometimes set up

2 for this sort of transit, low-intensity transit across the border.

3 Whoever is in possession of such a border pass can go to a particular

4 number of places in the other country. If you want a more graphic

5 explanation, let's take the case of Albania.

6 They could have travelled to Kupres, for example, but not Tirana,

7 Tirana being too far away from this border pass; or, for example, Romania,

8 which is something I happen to know more about. This is the country that

9 concerns the work of my secretariat. And on the basis of these border

10 passes, the people could only travel to these neighbouring countries and

11 only to a very limited list of places.

12 JUDGE CHOWHAN: Thank you. And I have one more question. Now,

13 you talked of the registration of citizens in unique registers, not that

14 they were mixed registers or different registers. But did these registers

15 have a column mentioning about the ethnicity of a person? Was there any

16 indication there where somebody had to show his ethnic background in those

17 registers or in the ID cards?

18 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Well, whenever there was a request

19 for personal identification documents to be issued, that there was a box

20 that stated a person's ethnicity, but no citizen was under an obligation

21 to have this sort of information recorded. They could have if they had

22 opted to; and, normally, this type of information was something you could

23 always find in the records. None of the state bodies had the power to

24 impose on citizens the obligation to state their ethnicity or their ethnic

25 affiliation.

Page 23113

1 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Lukic.

2 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.

3 Q. I'll try to pick up where His Honour left off. On an

4 identification document, is there a special category showing any person's

5 ethnicity?

6 A. No, not on personal identification documents. Personal

7 information is all you can find there: One's name, one's father's name,

8 the date of birth, the place of birth, the date the document was issued,

9 the authority that issued the document, and validity or date of expiry.

10 Q. What about passports, is ethnicity displayed on a passport of the

11 FRY?

12 A. No. Ethnicity is not indicated on a passport either.

13 Q. Let me go back to what you discussed with His Honour Judge

14 Chowhan. You mentioned Romania, you said you knew more about that, the

15 cross-border traffic by citizens. Was there any such agreement in place

16 back in 1999 between the FRY, on the one hand, and Romania, on the other?

17 A. As far as I know, it did exist. I can't say when the agreement

18 was reached, but it must have been reached about 30 years ago at least,

19 and the same situation applied to the Republic of Hungary. The Novi Sad

20 secretariat is right on the border. It straddles the border to the

21 Republic of Croatia. So we have such an agreement in place with Croatia,

22 as well.

23 Q. Was there any such agreement between the FRY and Albania in 1999,

24 as far as you're aware?

25 A. I was not aware of any such agreement.

Page 23114

1 Q. I think we have now sufficiently clarified this area, and I'd like

2 to move on to something else.

3 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Can we please have 6D130 brought up in

4 e-court.

5 Q. We see the document now. Let me ask you this first: Who issued

6 this dispatch?

7 A. It was issued by the public security sector.

8 Q. Who is it addressed to?

9 A. If you look at the header, you see the Federal Ministry of the

10 Interior mentioned there, for their information; secretariat of the

11 interior from 1 to 33, to the chief; all border police stations, to the

12 commander; the MUP staff in Pristina, to the head of staff; and the last

13 name mentioned there is administrations within the police headquarters,

14 police administration, traffic police administration, crime police

15 administration, operations centre, for their information.

16 Q. What about the location of the HQ, I mean the one mentioned among

17 the addressees, can we actually tell the location in the reporting chain

18 or in the reporting system?

19 A. If you look at the document, you see that it was sent directly to

20 all the secretariats of the interior and border police stations, because

21 they are the ones receiving the certain kinds of instructions here. And

22 only underneath can you see the headquarters of the interior in Pristina;

23 although, in my opinion, the staff only received this for information

24 purposes.

25 Q. Thank you. What about the head of the MUP staff, was he in a

Page 23115

1 position to issue any instructions to the chief of your -- to the head of

2 your administration in purely professional terms?

3 A. If so, I was certainly not aware of that. I don't think that he

4 was in a position to issue any instructions or orders to the head of my

5 administration.

6 Q. Could the head of the MUP staff use you as a channel to change any

7 rules or any methods that were in your professional purview?

8 A. No. The head of the MUP staff could not do that through me;

9 however, this document is one of the examples showing that anything

10 concerning the line of work that I was involved in came directly from the

11 Ministry of the Interior and was passed along to lower-level

12 organizational units.

13 JUDGE BONOMY: Just a moment, Mr. Lukic. We seem to be without

14 counsel for Mr. Ojdanic for the moment without any indication of why.

15 MR. ACKERMAN: I don't know why. I know that some guard came in

16 and talked to him, and there seemed to be something going on over here

17 that required his attention, but I'm not sure what it is.

18 [Trial Chamber and registrar confer]

19 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Visnjic, we were concerned that your client was

20 unrepresented in your absence.

21 MR. VISNJIC: Your Honour, I went out because I received some

22 information which confused me completely, so probably there was some

23 misunderstanding and I thought it was something. I even don't know what

24 it is about. I received some information that I was called out, so I

25 wanted to check what it was about.

Page 23116

1 JUDGE BONOMY: I suppose if you give me a confusing enough

2 explanation, it might solve the problem, but that shouldn't happen. If

3 there is a reason why you have to leave the courtroom and leave the

4 accused unrepresented, then you have to draw that to the attention of the

5 Bench, so that we can decide what action to take, whether to permit it or

6 not, whether to adjourn if necessary. So, please, in future, deal with it

7 before leaving the courtroom.

8 MR. VISNJIC: Thank you, Your Honour.

9 JUDGE BONOMY: Please continue, Mr. Lukic.

10 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.

11 Q. I asked you if the head of the MUP staff could use you to change

12 any rules or any methods that were part of your professional field of

13 work. My question now is: Could he do it without you, I mean change any

14 rules or work methods, the head of the MUP staff, back in 1998 or 1999?

15 A. As far as I know, he couldn't change any rules or methods in a

16 professional sense, because as far as I know he was never involved in this

17 line of work himself; therefore, he could not have changed the rules,

18 could he?

19 Q. Before this time you mean?

20 A. Yes, before this time.

21 Q. You were a member of the staff. Were you the superior of those

22 working in the border police stations in Kosovo and Metohija?

23 A. No. I was not their superior.

24 Q. You, as a member of the staff, were you superior to members of the

25 divisions of the border police in the secretariats of the interior?

Page 23117

1 A. No. I was not their superior in any way, nor did I, in fact,

2 interfere with their work.

3 Q. Were you in a position to punish any of these persons?

4 A. No. I didn't have that power.

5 Q. Did you take any personnel-related decisions regarding persons

6 working in your field in Kosovo and Metohija?

7 A. No. I didn't take any such decisions because I didn't know all

8 those people, nor did I have those powers.

9 Q. Let me ask you first about 1998, the summer of 1998, between July

10 and October. Who was the highest-ranking MUP officer of the Republic of

11 Serbia in Kosovo and Metohija?

12 A. In the summer of 1998, in the autonomous province of Kosovo and

13 Metohija, there were General Djordjevic and General Stevanovic. I can't

14 be more specific than this in terms of saying whether they were always

15 there together at the same time; but as far as I remember, one of them was

16 always in Kosovo and Metohija.

17 Q. What about 1999, from just before the air-strikes to the end of

18 the war, who was the highest-ranking officer of the MUP of the Republic of

19 Serbia who was staying in Kosovo and Metohija?

20 A. I think General Stevanovic.

21 Q. Thank you.

22 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Vucurevic, which of the two, Djordjevic and

23 Stevanovic, was the higher-ranking officer?

24 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I can't remember their

25 specific ranks. I think they were both generals, maybe lieutenant-general

Page 23118

1 or colonel-general; but I think in terms of his function, General

2 Djordjevic was higher-ranking than the other. He was the head of the

3 public security sector, and under him there were all the different

4 services and all the public security officials. General Stevanovic was

5 assistant minister, which would place him, in my opinion, a single rank in

6 the ladder under General Djordjevic.

7 As far as I'm familiar with the system within the Ministry of the

8 Interior, there's the minister of the interior, the deputy minister of the

9 interior, and then sector heads.

10 [Trial Chamber confers]

11 JUDGE BONOMY: You say that Stevanovic was an assistant minister.

12 Did Djordjevic hold a ministerial position?

13 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No. There is only one minister.

14 JUDGE BONOMY: Yes. I understand there's only one minister, but I

15 think you've given us the title assistant minister for Stevanovic. Was

16 Djordjevic an assistant minister or not?

17 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Well, was he? Was he not? I really

18 don't know. All I know is he was head of the public security sector. So

19 within the ministry, there is the ministry and two sectors. Based on

20 that, I draw the inference that, under the minister, the only people

21 remaining were the sector heads, and there are a number of assistants who

22 are in charge of certain areas. I did not personally know all the

23 assistant ministers that were there.

24 JUDGE BONOMY: So your understanding is an assistant minister

25 comes somewhere lower in the ranks than a head of a sector?

Page 23119

1 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes.

2 JUDGE BONOMY: Was there a deputy minister in 1998?

3 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No, not as far as I remember.

4 Before that time, it was General Radovan Stojicic, who was deputy

5 minister; and, at the same time, he was working as head of the public

6 security sector.

7 JUDGE BONOMY: And what had happened to him by 1998?

8 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Mr. Stojicic, and I can't remember

9 the year, back in 1996 -- but I can't give you the exact year. I simply

10 don't remember. Anyway, he was killed. After that, as far as I know,

11 Mr. Djordjevic was the person who he replaced.

12 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Lukic.

13 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.

14 Q. Tell us, where were the offices of the MUP staff in Kosovo and

15 Metohija? Actually, you've already told us, but could you please repeat

16 it for the sake of the next question.

17 A. The offices of the MUP staff were in the premises of the SUP in

18 Pristina, in the building where the Ministry of the Interior was.

19 Q. Where did you move after the bombing started?

20 A. Well, we moved to a shelter, the shelter of the MUP building in

21 Pristina, and the shelter is in the basement of that very same building.

22 Q. Is that the place where you were injured?

23 A. Yes.

24 Q. On that occasion, who else was also injured?

25 A. Desimir Slovic was also injured, he was a member of the staff; and

Page 23120

1 Dusko Adamovic; Tomislav Blagojevic, also a member of the staff, was

2 injured, but the his injuries were lighter; and an employee of the MUP of

3 Pristina got killed on that occasion.

4 Q. How many storeys did that building have?

5 A. I think it was a three-storey building or a four-storey building,

6 I can't remember exactly now, because the SUP of Pristina used several

7 buildings, three I believe, that were interconnected.

8 Q. And how long were you under the ground?

9 A. I'm telling you that we were in the basement.

10 Q. So, that is to say, underneath the surface of the earth?

11 A. Yes.

12 Q. At the same time, was that a shelter from the bombing?

13 A. Yes, that was the shelter.

14 Q. The place where you were?

15 A. Yes, the place where I was.

16 Q. You remember the meetings that were held at the staff. Do you

17 remember who it was that you saw there? Which top people of the MUP did

18 you see there?

19 A. As for the top people of the MUP, it was the minister who attended

20 these meetings; then General Djordjevic as the head of the public security

21 sector; and then I can't remember now whether it was once or twice that

22 the head of the state security sector came as well; and General Obrad

23 Stevanovic came, too.

24 Q. We were talking about the offices where the staff was. Can you

25 tell us, to the best of your recollection, who sat in which office, if you

Page 23121

1 can just give us a description of that. Whose office was next to whose

2 office?

3 A. Novica Zdravkovic sat in one office. Opposite his office was my

4 office. Next door to my office was Desimir Slovic 's office. And right

5 next to our offices was a biggish office where Dusko Adamovic and Goran

6 Radosavljevic were. Of course, there was also the office where

7 Mr. Mijatovic was and the office where the head of the staff was,

8 Mr. Lukic.

9 Q. Apart from these offices, were there any other rooms at the SUP of

10 Pristina that were used by the staff?

11 A. No. We didn't use any other rooms.

12 Q. Is that to say that all the members of the staff were present on

13 that same floor in those few offices?

14 A. We were all on the same floor.

15 Q. We were talking about documentation and records. Do you know what

16 a green card is?

17 A. A green card is a card that is issued to a citizen when he

18 registers at a place outside his official place of residence. I can give

19 you an example. If someone lives in Nis, for example, and comes to Novi

20 Sad to study, for instance, or to take care of some work, he is duty-bound

21 to register and that is when he is issued with a green card; that is to

22 say, that he is temporarily residing outside his place of permanent

23 residence.

24 JUDGE BONOMY: Would that also apply to someone from Nis who went

25 to study in Belgrade?

Page 23122

1 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] That applies to all citizens,

2 regardless of what town they go to. As soon as a person, or rather, a

3 citizen leaves his place of residence, he is duty-bound to register his

4 temporary place of residence.

5 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

6 Mr. Lukic.

7 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.

8 Q. Was this green card issued -- or rather, was an attempt made to

9 regulate records of citizens in Kosovo and Metohija during the war? I'm

10 sorry. I'm sorry. By then you had already left. I've gone a bit too

11 far. So you don't really know that.

12 Was such a green card issued to Serbs who had left Kosovo and

13 Metohija after the withdrawal of the Serb forces from Kosovo and Metohija,

14 when they withdrew into the interior of Serbia?

15 A. Yes. They were issued with these green cards. Too. That is

16 regulated by the Law on the Residence and Domicile of Citizens. Lest

17 there be any confusion, this applies to all citizens of the Republic of

18 Serbia.

19 Q. Now let me ask you something about the border belt. What is the

20 role of the Ministry of the Interior in the border belt?

21 A. The Ministry of the Interior issues permits for moving and

22 residing in the border belt, and it issues permits for building facilities

23 in the border belt. In addition to that, the Ministry of the Interior

24 checks movement within the border belt but only in urban areas. Outside

25 the urban areas it is the Army of Yugoslavia that is in charge of such

Page 23123

1 checks.

2 Q. Do you know what the width of the border belt was in 1998 and what

3 the width was in the beginning of 1999?

4 A. The law prescribes that the width of the border belt on land is

5 100 metres from the borderline. This applies to rivers and lakes, too;

6 however, in the sea, it is two nautical miles. I cannot remember the

7 exact year, but I think that this width was extended to five kilometres,

8 and I think that, just before the bombing started, it was extended to ten

9 kilometres.

10 Q. Thank you. Earlier on, we talked about the decision on the

11 establishment of the staff dated the 16th of June, 1999 [as interpreted].

12 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Could we please have P1505 in e-court.

13 MR. HANNIS: Can I inquire, it comes on the transcript as June

14 1999. I think that was June 16th, 1998.

15 MR. LUKIC: Thank you, 1998.

16 Q. [Interpretation] Do you have the document in front of you,

17 Mr. Vucurevic?

18 A. Yes, I do.

19 Q. I'm not going to ask you about the context of the document any

20 longer. I'm going toll ask you whether you ever received this decision on

21 the establishment of the staff.

22 A. I do not recall having received such a decision. The only

23 decision that I received and signed was the decision on my own appointment

24 to go out and implement these tasks.

25 Q. Did you receive any other decision, because we saw that there were

Page 23124

1 some decisions that were passed before this and while you were in Kosovo

2 and Metohija?

3 A. I do not remember having received any such decision.

4 Q. Thank you.

5 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Could we now please have in e-court

6 P1990.

7 Q. You have the document in front of you?

8 A. Yes, I do.

9 Q. On page 1, it says that Mr. Sreten Lukic took the floor, and I

10 asked you about this one particular sentence. I know that we even joked

11 about that, since you remembered this particular detail.

12 On page -- or rather, in the sixth line from the bottom, there is

13 a sentence stating: "The elaborated plan of the public security sector

14 with a view to preventing and disabling the entry of the military forces

15 of NATO into our territory."

16 I'm going to ask you something, first of all. The public security

17 sector, is it in charge of defending the state border?

18 A. As far as I know, the public security sector is not in charge of

19 defending the state border.

20 Q. To the best of your knowledge, does the public security sector

21 have the strength and ability to defend the state border?

22 A. As far as I know, they do not have the ability to do that because

23 the employees of the Ministry of the Interior, as far as I know, are

24 equipped with light weaponry only.

25 Q. So what's this all about then? What did this sentence mean, this

Page 23125

1 sentence of Sreten Lukic's? What is this that they had conceived in the

2 public security sector?

3 A. Well, I think that this has to do with the following: The barrier

4 should be brought down at the state borders; that is to say, that the

5 state border would be closed. If someone would cross the border

6 individually, then that would be an illegal entry. If someone would do

7 this in an organized manner with military force, barging through that

8 military crossing, then that would be considered an act of aggression.

9 Q. Thank you. During the proofing, I showed you a document that is

10 not part of our case.

11 JUDGE BONOMY: Before you move from this document, the earlier

12 part, Mr. Lukic, which is talking about the service and its work, what is

13 that a reference to?

14 "The service has increased its activities in towns. The annual

15 meetings, headed by the head of staff and the deputy head of staff, were

16 devoted to last year's work. The service has particularly stepped-up its

17 activities towards the borders with Albania, Macedonia, and Montenegro in

18 order to thwart terrorists from entering the country."

19 What's the service that's being referred to there? I can't see

20 the rest of the document.

21 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation]

22 Q. Mr. Vucurevic, when they use the word "service" at these meetings,

23 what does that mean?

24 A. When they say "service," they mean the Ministry of the Interior.

25 JUDGE BONOMY: So you're clear about the meaning of the part

Page 23126

1 before the reference to the plan that you've just dealt with, where it

2 says: "The service has particularly stepped-up its activities towards the

3 borders with Albania, Macedonia, and Montenegro in order to thwart

4 terrorists from entering the country, prevent weapons, ammunition and

5 other goods from being smuggled and sold on black markets"?

6 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Well, I find that clear. I think

7 this is in reference to members of the entire service. Everyone was

8 involved in cutting or disrupting those illegal channels. As I have said,

9 the Ministry of the Interior runs checks along the border, the border

10 crossings, the settlements that straddle the border, and all roads leading

11 to the border. This is the task of the police, the general police unit

12 and the traffic police, as well as those employees whose duty it is to

13 work in the border stations.

14 They check any persons crossing the border, approaching the

15 border, or leaving the border. If someone came to the border and was not

16 carrying weapons or any other illegal goods, we could still stop him after

17 the border crossing itself, and we had the power to check this person and

18 inspect whatever the person was carrying.

19 JUDGE BONOMY: It's immediately after that that Mr. Lukic is

20 recorded as saying: "A plan of the public security department has been

21 worked out to prevent and thwart entry of NATO troops in our territory."

22 The same word "thwart" is used in relation to NATO troops as was

23 used in relation to terrorists. And you say that that cunning plan was to

24 put down the barriers at the border? Are you serious about that?

25 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Well, Your Honour, I didn't see that

Page 23127

1 plan myself. What I'm giving you is my opinion as to what that could

2 mean. At the meeting itself, I don't remember that this was something

3 that was elaborated on in terms of what the plan actually implied.

4 JUDGE BONOMY: You were at this meeting?

5 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes.

6 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

7 Mr. Lukic, please continue.

8 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation]

9 Q. I don't know how relevant this is at this point in time, but was

10 it me who asked you, Mr. Vucurevic, whether you meant this in all

11 earnestness when you told me this about preventing NATO from getting in,

12 something that was to be done by the public security sector?

13 A. I said that this was simply something that was supposed to show

14 that someone was illegally entering the country. Take a border crossing,

15 I'm not sure what the strength of that unit might be, but between ten and

16 20 police officers, let's say, they're hardly in a position to stop anyone

17 forcing their way into a country, are they?

18 Q. I was about to introduce a document that's not part of our case.

19 This is an overview of the interesting security-related information dated

20 the 1st of March, 1999. This was put together by the staff.

21 Let me ask you this: Were any attempts made to cross the border

22 with no travel documents during the presence of the Kosovo Verification

23 Mission monitors in Kosovo and Metohija?

24 A. As far as I remember, there was an attempt like that that was made

25 at the Djeneral Jankovic border crossing, I think. This is a border

Page 23128

1 crossing that faces the Republic of Macedonia. I can't remember how many

2 citizens were involved. At any rate, they wanted to leave FRY territory

3 without appropriate travel documents. I remember that at the time we got

4 in touch with the High Commissioner for Refugees.

5 As far as I remember, they offered certain guarantees for those

6 people, saying that they would get them across the border without

7 appropriate travel documents, but we put a stop to that simply because it

8 took no more than a couple of days to get those documents issued in a

9 regular procedure. We said that all those citizens should go back to

10 their own local register offices, have proper documents issued, and that

11 they would then be free to leave the country.

12 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Can we please have P1224.

13 Q. You see that document, sir, don't you?

14 A. I do.

15 Q. This is a document that the OTP are likely to be using in their

16 cross-examination. You'll probably be returning to this document, but let

17 me ask you this: What sort of a document is this?

18 A. I see that this is an overview of the numerical strength of the

19 police in the autonomous province of Kosovo and Metohija. The date is the

20 16th of October, 1998.

21 Q. Who issued this document?

22 A. Ministry of the Interior.

23 Q. Of the Republic of Serbia, right?

24 A. Yes, that's right.

25 MR. LUKIC: [Interpretation] Can we please have page 4 in e-court.

Page 23129

1 Q. What sort of a table is this?

2 A. This is an overview of the organizational units of the Ministry of

3 the Interior of the Republic of Serbia in Kosovo and Metohija. What we

4 see here is an overview of all the secretariats in Kosovo and Metohija.

5 If you look at this, you see that there is no other organizational unit

6 aside from the secretariat.

7 Q. Of course, we can also see the police stations, can't we?

8 A. Yes. There's a full list of all the police stations that were

9 there.

10 Q. All the organizational units in Kosovo and Metohija, that would be

11 a fair summary, wouldn't it? Well then, there was something else that you

12 mentioned that we need to go back to.

13 This is an official chart or overview that was put together in

14 October 1998. If we look at it, do we see the MUP staff for Kosovo and

15 Metohija in it?

16 A. No. No indication of the MUP staff in this chart, which means

17 that it wasn't there as an organizational unit.

18 Q. What about Sreten Lukic or anyone else from the Ministry of the

19 Interior, did any of those people ever tell you that there was a plan to

20 expel ethnic Albanians from Kosovo and Metohija?

21 A. No. I never heard anything like that.

22 Q. You worked with Sreten Lukic, didn't you? What sort of a leader

23 is he?

24 A. He is a true professional. He is strict but unbiased.

25 Q. Did he tolerate any sort of illegal behaviour by any of the MUP

Page 23130

1 members?

2 A. No. He had no tolerance for that sort of thing. As far as I

3 remember, there were daily reports that were produced; and whenever there

4 were police officers who were suspected of having committed crimes,

5 criminal complaints were filed and disciplinary procedures were

6 instituted.

7 Q. Thank you very much, Mr. Vucurevic. At this point in time, I have

8 no further questions for you.

9 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you, Mr. Lukic.

10 Mr. Petrovic.

11 MR. PETROVIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.

12 Cross-examination by Mr. Petrovic:

13 Q. [Interpretation] Good morning, Mr. Vucurevic. I have a number of

14 questions for you on behalf of Mr. Nikola Sainovic's Defence. Last

15 Friday, you testified that on the 22nd of July, 1998, you attended a

16 meeting that was also attended by General Djordjevic and General

17 Stevanovic, a meeting that was also attended by members of the MUP staff,

18 as well as the heads of the secretariat in Kosovo. You say that you

19 attended that meeting, too.

20 What I want to know is this: At that meeting, did any of those

21 present mention the need to set up some sort of a Joint Command or,

22 indeed, that such a body had been set up for Kosovo and Metohija?

23 A. I don't remember anyone mentioning a body like that.

24 Q. Was this perhaps something that General Djordjevic or General

25 Stevanovic mentioned?

Page 23131

1 A. No, not that I remember.

2 Q. Generals Djordjevic and Stevanovic, did they perhaps inform those

3 present that Nikola Sainovic was now the commander of this sort of Joint

4 Command for Kosovo and Metohija?

5 A. As far as I remember, no, they never informed anyone of anything

6 like that or anything about Mr. Sainovic being the commander of such a

7 command. I don't remember them mentioning his name at all, in fact.

8 Q. You said that you were in Kosovo between March 1998 and March

9 1999. Throughout that time over that year, did you see any document or

10 any order displaying the header of: Joint Command for Kosovo and

11 Metohija?

12 A. As far as I remember, I never set eyes on any document like that.

13 Q. What about during your time in Kosovo, did you receive any order,

14 any sort of instruction from a body called the Joint Command for Kosovo

15 and Metohija?

16 A. No. In my area, I never received any orders or instructions like

17 that.

18 Q. Thank you very much, sir. I have no further questions for you.

19 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Ackerman.

20 MR. ACKERMAN: Your Honour, I'm not sure when you normally break.

21 Is it 10.30?


23 MR. ACKERMAN: All right.

24 Cross-examination by Mr. Ackerman:

25 Q. Good morning, Mr. Vucurevic. My name is John Ackerman. I'm the

Page 23132

1 counsel for General Pavkovic here, and I have some questions for you just

2 because I have become confused about some things that not only you have

3 testified about but that some of your predecessor witnesses have testified

4 about. And I'm going to at least make a stab at trying to clear up some

5 of my own confusion about some things that I've heard. Okay?

6 A. Go ahead, please.

7 Q. Now, it is my understanding, and I'm pretty sure that I'm right

8 about this, that you left the MUP staff in Kosovo in late March of 1999?

9 A. That's right. The 29th of March, to be more specific; 1999, of

10 course.

11 Q. So you were there for like five days of the NATO bombing and then

12 gone?

13 A. Yes, that's right.

14 Q. Did you ever return and visit there during the subsequent NATO

15 bombing period?

16 A. Where exactly do you mean?

17 Q. Kosovo.

18 A. No, never.

19 Q. You told us, at the beginning of your testimony, that you're a

20 lawyer, so we have that in common. I think one of the things that you and

21 I both know about large organizations, like police and military, is about

22 all of the reporting and paperwork that goes on, and there's lots of it,

23 isn't there?

24 A. That's right, but everyone knew only about what they were doing.

25 For security reasons, it was part of the general security culture.

Page 23133

1 Q. Of course. This paper that we have seen a lot of through the

2 course of this trial is used to -- for a couple of purposes at least; to

3 communicate and to create permanent records of events that were occurring

4 during the time. Would you agree with that?

5 A. I am not quite sure I understand your question, sir, or rather,

6 the statement that you are putting to me.

7 Q. Well, there are at least two kinds of documents, at least I am

8 familiar with. There are those that are intended to communicate between

9 individuals and organizations, and there are those that are designed to

10 maintain a record, daily record, weekly record, a monthly record of events

11 going on within organizations. That's true, isn't it?

12 A. Yes, that's true.

13 Q. And certainly, especially as a lawyer, you would agree that

14 accuracy in those communications and those records is highly important?

15 A. That's right.

16 Q. And, just from watching you here, I'm convinced that you were very

17 careful yourself to make sure that any records or communications you

18 authored were as accurate as they would possibly be, right?

19 A. That's right.

20 Q. And I suspect you would say that was also true of your colleagues

21 who you worked with during your stint on the MUP staff and otherwise?

22 A. Yes. I think they did the same sort of thing.

23 Q. You looked a few moments ago at a document 6D130, and I'd like

24 that brought back up again because there are a couple of questions I want

25 to ask you about it.

Page 23134

1 What I'm interested in is right underneath the date. It shows the

2 organizations to whom this was sent. You see that, don't you?

3 A. Yes.

4 Q. And, for instance, there's an indication it was sent to the

5 Federal Ministry of the Interior, SMUP; and after that, there's the

6 designation "for your information," right?

7 A. Yes.

8 Q. And then if you go down toward the bottom, there's an indication

9 that it's going to traffic police, crime police, operations centre. It's

10 hard to distinguish what's being talked about there, but it's to the chief

11 of those operations. And, again, that's another one that's "for your

12 information," right?

13 A. Yes.

14 Q. Now, tell me if I'm correct if I conclude, from looking at this,

15 that if they're using the language "for your information," then what

16 they're saying is this is just so you can know what is going on; and if

17 they're not using that language, it means the organization it is sent to

18 has specific tasks to fulfil with regard to that document. In other

19 words, if it's not for your information, then it's for your action and for

20 your responsibility to take action with regard to it?

21 A. That's how it should be. But if we look at the substance of this

22 document, you see that it is the secretariats of the interior that are in

23 charge of taking these steps because they keep these records, as well as

24 the border police stations that are expected to check any persons entering

25 and leaving the country.

Page 23135

1 Q. Well, I'm really not interested in the substance right now. We

2 may get into that with some other documents, but I now want to move on to

3 another matter.

4 I want to talk to you about the period of time in 1998 when you

5 actually were in Kosovo. There was terrorist activity going on during the

6 time you were there, wasn't there?

7 A. That's right.

8 Q. And I'm wondering if you ever saw any volunteers among the ranks

9 of the police?

10 A. I didn't. I worked in an office. I did sometimes go to the

11 secretariats of the interior to familiarize myself with their methods and

12 to meet my colleagues who were performing those jobs. I had no way of

13 telling whether someone, a particular person, was a volunteer or not.

14 Q. I suppose that makes sense. Let me then ask you this: Did you

15 ever see any personnel that were identified to you as being volunteers or

16 as being paramilitaries that were among the ranks of the police?

17 A. I didn't see any such persons, and I don't think I would have been

18 able to distinguish. I didn't know every single police officer. It

19 wasn't possible. No one ever introduced another person to me as a

20 volunteer.

21 Q. So I take it that if you -- if you didn't know whether you were

22 seeing someone who was a volunteer or a paramilitary, then you wouldn't be

23 able to tell us anything about what kind of uniforms were worn by the

24 volunteers and the paramilitaries, would you?

25 A. No. This is not something that I'm aware of.

Page 23136

1 Q. I want to show you a document. It's 6D269. All right. We now

2 got both versions on the screen.

3 The first thing I want to call to your attention is there at the

4 top, where it shows where this document was sent. You'll notice that one

5 of the places it was sent was to the head of the MUP staff in Pristina,

6 correct?

7 A. Yes. This was sent to all the organizational units, all the

8 secretariats, all the units.

9 Q. The question I focused on was just: It was sent to the head of

10 the MUP staff in Pristina, wasn't it?

11 A. Yes.

12 Q. And it was also sent to the RDB, to the chief of the RDB, but it

13 just says there "for information," right?

14 A. Yes.

15 Q. It doesn't say that it was sent to the head of the MUP staff just

16 for information, does it?

17 A. That's right, it doesn't.

18 Q. And this is dated 18 February 1999. You were still there at the

19 time, weren't you?

20 A. Yes, I was.

21 Q. Now, I don't know if you're familiar with this document. We can

22 look at it if you want. In fact, we probably should look at the last page

23 where the signature and name is.

24 It appears to me that this came from General Djordjevic. Do you

25 agree with that?

Page 23137

1 A. Yes, I do. It says head of the public security sector, Colonel

2 Vlastimir Djordjevic.

3 Q. Let's go back now to paragraph 7; that's the paragraph that I'm

4 basically interested in. We have it in English. Now we'll get it in

5 Serbian. There it is. Now you should be able to see it.

6 The translation I have says that this paragraph says this:

7 "Through intensified intelligence and other measures and actions, carry

8 out the necessary checks, compile lists, and establish complete control

9 over volunteer and paramilitary units and their members."

10 That's what that says, right?

11 A. Yes.

12 Q. And this is directed to the MUP staff, instructing them to do

13 this, right?

14 A. Well, I don't know. The document says that it was forwarded to

15 all the secretariats of the interior, not just the MUP staff. As to what

16 this means, specifically I don't know and I don't wish to speculate. I

17 could give you my opinion, though. Since in the territory of our country

18 earlier on, there had been war operations. There were members of such

19 volunteer units. I think they're being told here to establish some sort

20 of control over them, so they knew what they were doing and so that they

21 wouldn't come to Kosovo and Metohija to cause any problems or incidents

22 there. That is my understanding of what it says.

23 The police were gathering intelligence, and they knew of the fact

24 that something like this existed. So the instruction here is for all the

25 secretariats in all the areas, because there were people like this from

Page 23138

1 all over Serbia, Belgrade, Novi Sad, and so on and so forth, to establish

2 some sort of control to keep them from organizations themselves into units

3 and to keep them from doing anything on their own and without any proper

4 authorisation. So that's my understanding of what it says.

5 Q. Well, I suggest to you that your opinion and understanding of what

6 that says is totally wrong, and we'll go into that after the break.

7 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Vucurevic, we have to have a break at this

8 stage for about 20 minutes or so. While we do that, could you please

9 leave the courtroom with the usher.

10 [The witness stands down]

11 JUDGE BONOMY: And we shall resume at ten to 11.00.

12 --- Recess taken at 10.32 a.m.

13 --- On resuming at 10.55 a.m.

14 [The witness takes the stand]

15 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Ackerman.

16 MR. ACKERMAN: Thank you, Your Honour.

17 Q. Before the break, Mr. Vucurevic, we were talking about this

18 document that's still on the screen, 6D269. At paragraph 7, it talks

19 about compiling lists of these units and their members, so it's a

20 two-phased operation, a list of the units and a list of their members.

21 Did you ever see the lists that were compiled of the volunteer and

22 paramilitary units and their members?

23 A. That was not my line of work. I do not remember ever having seen

24 such lists.

25 Q. All right. I have another document for you to look at then. It's

Page 23139

1 6D238. That first document we looked at, 6D269, was 18 February. This

2 one's a little over a month later, 24 March of 1999; and, of course,

3 you're still present there in Kosovo at this time. Correct?

4 A. Yes. I was in Kosovo and Metohija.

5 Q. And one of the addressees was the head of the MUP headquarters in

6 Pristina, correct?

7 A. Yes, you're right.

8 Q. It doesn't say "for your information," right?

9 A. No. It doesn't say "for your information."

10 Q. And the document comes from Vlajko Stojiljkovic, who was the

11 minister, correct?

12 A. Yes. It says Minister Vlajko Stojiljkovic.

13 Q. In paragraph 5, he says in this document directed to the head of

14 the MUP staff in Pristina: "You shall register all volunteer and

15 paramilitary units and their members, and keep them under control in case

16 that you might need to engage them," right?

17 A. I don't understand what your question is.

18 Q. Is that what it -- look at paragraph 5. According to the

19 translation I have, it says: "You shall register all volunteer and

20 paramilitary units and their members, and keep them under control in case

21 that you might need to engage them," right?

22 A. Yes, yes. That's what's written there, yes.

23 Q. And you told us a moment ago that you thought that initial order a

24 month earlier was to keep them from coming into Kosovo, to get them under

25 control and keep out of Kosovo; but this is talking about getting control

Page 23140

1 of them and possibly engaging them, isn't it?

2 A. Well, I'm not sure what this is all about, and I don't want to

3 engage in guess-work. I just presented my own view when you asked me in

4 relation to the previous question, when you asked me what it meant, what I

5 thought that it meant. As far as I can remember, as for the other

6 document and this one, I don't remember having seen either one of them, or

7 rather, I do not remember that anyone showed either one to me.

8 In this paragraph, it doesn't say who it is that's supposed to do

9 that, but I presented my view, my opinion. Once again, I underline that

10 this is not my line of work. I'm not an expert in that field.

11 Q. I'm not going to ask you any more about that. I'm going to ask

12 you about another document. It's P1989.

13 A. I don't have the document here.

14 Q. Well, it will be on your screen. This is a document from the 4th

15 of April of 1999. It says it's the minutes of a meeting with senior

16 police officials in Kosovo and Metohija, and people there are Obrad

17 Stevanovic, Major-General Sreten Lukic, the chiefs of all secretariats,

18 PJP detachment commanders, SAJ commander, RDB, and JSO; so lots of people,

19 right?

20 A. You are right.

21 Q. Now, I know you were not there. I know you had already left

22 Kosovo; but if you look -- I think it's probably on page 2, Colonel Dusan

23 Gavranic makes a report. It is -- it's right there about halfway down

24 page 2. And you'll notice Dusan Gavranic tells that group: "34 persons

25 have been arrested so far, and there have been problems with volunteers in

Page 23141

1 Zegra," right?

2 A. That's what's written here, yes.

3 Q. I want you to look now at P1990. We're back to 17 February of

4 1999 when you are still in Kosovo and Metohija. These are the minutes of

5 a meeting of the MUP staff on that date. I don't know if you were present

6 at that meeting or not, were you?

7 A. I think that I was present.

8 Q. If you look at page -- probably on page 2, this might be difficult

9 to find, but it -- General Lukic is speaking and he's talking about a plan

10 of the RJB, the public security department. Can you find that?

11 He says: "A plan of the RJB has been worked out to prevent and

12 thwart entry of NATO troops in our territory."

13 Do you see it?

14 A. Yes, I do.

15 Q. It goes on to say: "The Staff plans to carry out three mopping-up

16 operations in the Podujevo, Dragobilje, and Drenica areas and has

17 allocated around 4.000 policemen, around 70 policemen of the operative,"

18 something, "group and around 900 police reservists."

19 Now, that's something that Sreten Lukic said at this meeting,

20 right?

21 A. Yes, that is what is written here.

22 Q. Yes. And he's clearly talking about a plan of the RJB, and he's

23 clearly talking about a plan of the staff to carry out these mopping-up

24 operations, isn't he?

25 A. Well, that's not my understanding of it. What is written here is

Page 23142

1 that something will be carried out once it is ordered. Well, all these

2 forces that are mentioned here, I understood that to be reporting to the

3 minister as to the number of personnel of the police. Now, was it in that

4 part of the territory, I really don't know. I cannot say with any

5 accuracy because this was not my line of work. I heard about this more or

6 less by way of information.

7 Q. Well, I hear what you're saying. Can you point me to the part of

8 that paragraph which says that the staff plans to carry out these

9 mopping-up operations when it is ordered? Where are the words "when it is

10 ordered"?

11 A. Do you allow me to read this in Serbian? The sentence precisely

12 reads as follows: "The Staff planned to carry out, when this is ordered,

13 three actions of mopping-up the terrain from terrorists ..." I don't need

14 to read on any further.

15 Q. Okay. So we have a bad translation I guess.

16 MR. ACKERMAN: So perhaps, Your Honour, this needs to be

17 retranslated and resubmitted, because that does significantly change the

18 meaning.

19 JUDGE BONOMY: Yes. We will require that sentence to be revised.


21 Q. If we go over to, in the English, it's on page 5, and it's

22 Minister Stojiljkovic who's speaking at this point, and it's very close to

23 the end of what he has to say, right before a bunch of bullet points.

24 I don't know if we'll find that in the Serbian or not; but

25 according to the translation I have, he says this: "Within two or three

Page 23143

1 days of an attack, we have to put our plans in motion and use the time to

2 mop-up the territory from terrorists."

3 And we've found it. It's just right above those bullet points.

4 It's on the screen.

5 Do you see it?

6 A. Yes, I found it.

7 Q. And he speaks about "our plans," right?

8 A. I really don't know which plans the minister meant.

9 Q. Well, I'm sure, you know, when he talks about "our plans," it

10 could have been any plans that had been put together by the MUP, but the

11 plans he's talking about are something that he's going to put into action

12 within two or three days after an attack to mop-up the territory from

13 terrorists, right?

14 A. That's what's written here.

15 Q. And, finally, if you go down through those bullet points, you'll

16 see some more language about volunteers where the minister says:

17 "Approach and engage volunteers carefully, linking their engagement

18 through the reserve police force when assessed as necessary," right?

19 A. I really don't know what the minister meant by that, and I

20 wouldn't like to engage in guess-work. Yet again, I can just give you my

21 opinion. I know that the police does have a reserve force, so these are

22 people who do their own work; and when necessary, they are engaged to do

23 police work.

24 All of these persons had completed their military service, and I

25 think that it says here, "when we deem this necessary." So that is the

Page 23144

1 only possibility that's referred to here, that somebody will be engaged

2 when it is deemed necessary. I am not sure that all of these members,

3 well, of the reserve police undergo training in order to be able to carry

4 out police work.

5 Q. Okay. I'm going to shift a little bit to something you may know a

6 little more about, and it's in this same document. It's back right before

7 Minister Stojiljkovic begins to speak. It's on page 3 in the English, and

8 we're back to General Lukic again.

9 And just to remind you, we're talking about 17 February of 1999,

10 before the bombing started. General Lukic -- the paragraph begins with

11 language, "the chiefs of SUP in Kosovo and Metohija and the PJP ..."

12 And then down just a little bit, it's the paragraph right above

13 where it says Minister Vlajko Stojiljkovic.

14 General Luke says: "There have not been cases of Serbs leaving,

15 but the number of requests from Siptars for travel documents and personal

16 identity cards is on the rise."

17 Do you see that?

18 A. Yes, I see that sentence.

19 Q. So it looks -- would you include from that that the Albanian

20 residents in Kosovo were already starting to plan leaving the territory?

21 MR. LUKIC: I have to intervene at this point, just that it's not

22 Mr. Sreten Lukic who said this, but chiefs of SUPs, as it is written here

23 in the document.

24 MR. ACKERMAN: That's fine with me. I just misread it I think.

25 He's right. It is chiefs of SUPs, which probably makes even more sense.

Page 23145

1 Q. But that doesn't change my question. Would you agree with me that

2 it looks like the Albanian residents of Kosovo were, as early as February,

3 beginning to plan their departure?

4 A. I agree. But I can say that, as far as I can remember, there was

5 information to the effect that members of the KLA were exerting pressure

6 on the Albanian population to move out of the territory of Kosovo in order

7 to cause a humanitarian catastrophe; and, in this way, preconditions would

8 be created for an aggression of NATO troops.

9 Q. Okay. I want to ask you now about another document. It's P1505,

10 which we've seen many times recently, and you saw again today. This is

11 that document of 16 June 1998 signed by Vlajko Stojiljkovic, the minister,

12 his decision to establish a ministerial staff for the suppression of

13 terrorism, right?

14 A. That's right, yes.

15 Q. Do you have any reason to doubt the accuracy of the date on this

16 document, 16 June 1998?

17 A. I have no reason to doubt it. I personally cannot recall the

18 exact date; but if this says the 16th of June, then that's it.

19 Q. Would you look at the last page, please, and you see a stamp and a

20 signature. Would you tell us what that stamp is and whose signature is

21 there, if you know.

22 A. Well, I think that it's the minister's signature. The stamp is of

23 the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Serbia.

24 Q. Do you have any reason, as you sit there now looking at that

25 document, to doubt its genuineness and authenticity? It's a real

Page 23146

1 document, isn't it?

2 A. Well, since this is a photocopy, but it does have a signature and

3 a stamp, there is no reason for me to doubt that this is a valid document.

4 Q. In paragraph 6, you see that this decision takes out of force,

5 removes from force, three prior documents of 21 April, 15 May, and

6 11 June, right?

7 A. Yes, and they're listed here.

8 Q. And that's fairly typical, if you're going to change a situation

9 like members of a staff or something like that, you want to take out of

10 force prior decisions and replace it with the new decision, don't you?

11 A. Yes, you're right.

12 Q. And I want to know if you ever saw a decision after the 16th of

13 June taking this 16 June decision out of force and rendering it not valid?

14 A. No. I did not see such a decision, but I think I've already said

15 that I'm not sure that I've seen these decisions before, those that are

16 mentioned here and this decision of the 16th. I said that I only received

17 a decision sending me personally to the territory of Kosovo and Metohija.

18 I really cannot remember whether anyone showed me this.

19 Q. Well, I'm really not even asking you if you ever saw it. It

20 wouldn't have been directed to you in any event, would it? You wouldn't

21 have been one of the recipients of it?

22 It was to go to the head and the deputy head and the members of

23 the staff and to the minister's office, right? So maybe it should have

24 gone to you, as a member of the staff. What do you think?

25 A. Well, as a rule, the decision should always say who it was sent

Page 23147

1 to; that is to say, all the recipients should be listed. And those

2 persons who are recipients have to confirm with their own signature that

3 they had received it, indeed.

4 Q. You've told us --

5 A. Write, I mean.

6 Q. Yeah --

7 A. To write this in their own hand, to place their own handwritten

8 signature there, including the date when it was submitted to them.

9 Q. You've told us that there are several things about this document

10 that you think are not correct. There are six of those, as near as I can

11 tell. The first one is you told us that David Gajic never served as

12 deputy head of staff pursuant to this decision, correct?

13 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Ackerman, is this not a matter for submission?

14 Can we get to the question?

15 MR. ACKERMAN: Well, maybe it is. I'll try to short-circuit,

16 Judge.

17 Q. Would you agree with me that there are six items in that document

18 that you have told this Chamber are not correct and not true, were not

19 implemented or were not true?

20 A. Well, I cannot say now how many points I said were not true. We

21 really have to move from one to another. When I was speaking, I wasn't

22 speaking in terms of points, point 1, point 2, point 3. We'd really have

23 to look at the decision, and then I could say what it is I had said.

24 Q. That's what I thought, so we can do this rather quickly: The

25 deputy head of staff, David Gajic; the assistant head for special

Page 23148

1 operations, Milorad Lukovic; the paragraph that says "the expanded staff

2 shall include chiefs of the secretariats"; the paragraph that says "other

3 members of the ministry may be appointed to the staff on request of the

4 head of staff"; and the next one is "the staff is tasked with planning,

5 organizing, and managing," and it goes on and on; and the last one, "also

6 the staff is tasked with planning, organizing, directing," and it goes on

7 and on.

8 In other words, each of those paragraphs, I think you told us on

9 Friday, were not activated or were not true. Do you agree with that?

10 A. I agree with that.

11 Q. We talked at the beginning of my questioning of you about the

12 importance of documents being correct and accurate.

13 Can you explain to the Chamber how it is that this document,

14 signed by the minister of the interior, could have six items in it that

15 are just bogus, not true? How could that be? How could that happen?

16 A. Well, I cannot explain that. When we were talking about the

17 personnel on the staff, I already said who I saw every day and who had an

18 office there as a staff member.

19 Q. I mean, if this is the kind of documents that we find coming out

20 of the MUP, can we rely on any MUP documents that we see in this case for

21 being true and accurate? Do you think we can?

22 JUDGE BONOMY: Not a matter for the witness, Mr. Ackerman. A

23 statement that wide is one for us.


25 Q. Finally, let's go back to a document you saw earlier today, and

Page 23149

1 that's P1990. You were asked about who the highest-ranking MUP officers

2 were in Kosovo and Metohija, and you said that Stevanovic and Djordjevic

3 at various times were the highest-ranking officers.

4 Do you recall saying that?

5 A. Yes.

6 Q. Now, this is a meeting from 17 February of 1999, and present are

7 both of those people, Vlastimir Djordjevic and Obrad Stevanovic, right?

8 A. Yes, they're present.

9 Q. But it looks like the person in control of the meeting is General

10 Sreten Lukic. He opened the meeting; he did virtually all of the

11 speaking. Finally, Minister Stojiljkovic speaks starting on page 3 of the

12 English, but General Lukic seems to be basically leading the meeting and

13 in charge, doesn't he?

14 A. Again, all I can give you is my opinion. It says here that the --

15 this is a record of a meeting that was held at the staff. General Sreten

16 Lukic was the host, and he probably opened this meeting.

17 Q. And General Djordjevic only spoke right at the very end, where he

18 said five officers were promoted. That was his only contribution, wasn't

19 it?

20 A. Yes, that's what it says.

21 Q. All right. That's all I have for you. Thank you.

22 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you, Mr. Ackerman.

23 Mr. Vucurevic, you'll now be cross-examined by the Prosecutor,

24 Mr. Hannis.

25 Mr. Hannis.

Page 23150

1 MR. HANNIS: Thank you.

2 Cross-examination by Mr. Hannis:

3 Q. Good morning, sir.

4 A. Good morning.

5 Q. You told us that, from 1991 until 1992, you were employed with the

6 state security sector of the MUP; is that correct?

7 A. Yes, that's correct. It's just that it wasn't called sector at

8 the time. It was State Security Service. I said "sector" just to make

9 myself clear because that's what it's called now.

10 Q. Okay. What was the general nature of your work in state security?

11 A. I worked as an operative there.

12 Q. Why did you change from state security to public security?

13 A. At the time, there were certain changes in terms of personnel that

14 were occurring of the secretariat of the interior in Novi Sad. The head

15 of the secretariat was replaced. We knew each other, so he asked to see

16 me and he asked me whether I would agree to work as a head of a

17 department. I accepted that since that in my case was a promotion. So it

18 was for that reason that I went back to work with the secretariat of the

19 interior in Novi Sad.

20 Q. Okay. After 1992, did you maintain any contact or did you do any

21 work for the state security side of the house?

22 A. No. I no longer worked for the State Security Service because I

23 had my own job. I did have a number of contacts because I knew a number

24 of people who I worked with. Some of those were acquaintances and some or

25 friends. Then of course was the department that I was working for. There

Page 23151

1 were contacts with the State Security Service in terms of us forwarding to

2 them lists of foreigners who were entitled to temporary or permanent

3 residence in Novi Sad territory.

4 Q. Okay. You told us, at page 23041, line 22, that your primary line

5 of work was to maintain contacts with international humanitarian

6 organizations, and I think that referred to 1998 and 1999 before the war

7 started in Kosovo; is that correct? Is that the time-period you were

8 referring to?

9 A. That's right.

10 Q. Who instructed you on how you were to interact with those

11 international organizations?

12 A. Before I left for Pristina, I had spent two days consulting with

13 the border police administration. This was an administration that I, too,

14 belonged to. They explained in brief what my remit would be at the MUP

15 staff in Pristina. It was then that I learned that I would be receiving

16 operations reports from the border police station, and that there were

17 humanitarian non-governmental organizations that were active in Kosovo and

18 Metohija; and I was also told that I would be in touch with them, that I

19 would be familiarizing myself with their methods and with their work,

20 generally speaking.

21 Q. Can you give us the names of the persons who instructed you about

22 that?

23 A. I think I had spoken to the person who was then the head of the

24 department for foreigners in the border police administration.

25 Q. Yes. Could you give --

Page 23152

1 A. I can't quite remember whether I spoke to Mr. Dujkovic, too, or

2 not.

3 Q. Do you remember the name of the person besides Mr. Dujkovic that

4 you referred to?

5 A. Mr. Milorad Urdarevic, I think, but I'm not certain because

6 different people came and went, different heads; and I can't quite put my

7 finger on it, but I think he was the person at the time.

8 Q. You were first sent to Kosovo pursuant to a decision of General

9 Djordjevic on the 9th of March, 1998, and we've seen Exhibit 6D1048.

10 MR. HANNIS: If we could put that up on the screen.

11 Q. There's a handwritten note on it: "Received 19th March, 1998,"

12 and I believe you told us that's your signature. Do you remember what you

13 were told at the time you received this document?

14 I mean, did anyone explain to you why you were being sent there

15 and what they expected you to do?

16 A. I was served this document by the then-chief of the Novi Sad SUP,

17 Mr. Kresoja. There was a replacement in the leadership of the Novi Sad

18 SUP that year, and Mr. Kresoja was now there to replace Mr. Zavisic. I

19 was on annual leave on Mount Zlatibor with my children. Mr. Dujkovic

20 phoned me and said that I was now appointed to the MUP staff of the

21 Republic of Serbia in Pristina. It was on my return from annual leave

22 that this decision was served.

23 Q. Did anyone explain to you what your duties were supposed to be as

24 part of the staff of the Ministry of the Interior in Pristina; and if so,

25 who was that and when did it happen?

Page 23153

1 A. No one told me specifically what my duties were supposed to be,

2 nor was I shown an actual decision setting up this staff or, for that

3 matter, any other document listing my rights and duties. We talked and I

4 was told that, as I said, I would be receiving reports and information;

5 and whenever the chief of the staff required, I would be reporting to him

6 as far as my line of work was concerned.

7 Q. Okay. In that answer, you just made when you say "we talked," are

8 you referring to the people from the border administration?

9 A. I don't understand your question.

10 Q. Well, you just said in your answer: "We talked and I was told

11 that ... I would be receiving reports and information ..."

12 When you say "we talked," are you referring to Dujkovic and

13 Urdarevic?

14 A. Well, in addition to Dujkovic, I think I spoke to him; and

15 Urdarevic, I am sure about him, though. I think I also spoke to the head

16 of the border police administration. I think that was Mr. Bogdanovic. I

17 had spoken to two chiefs who briefly told me what I have just conveyed to

18 you.

19 Q. And when you actually arrived in Kosovo, did anybody from the MUP

20 staff in Pristina explain to you what your job was to include? Anybody in

21 Pristina?

22 A. No, I don't remember that anybody did.

23 Q. Who was the chief of the MUP staff when you first arrived in 1998?

24 A. When I first arrived in 1998, the chief of the MUP staff was

25 Mr. Aco Vesovic.

Page 23154

1 Q. And after you arrived in Kosovo and worked for the staff, who did

2 you report to about your contacts with international humanitarian

3 organizations?

4 A. I'm not sure whether I've stated this already; but as far as I

5 know, the greatest number of contacts were with the International Red

6 Cross and the High Commissioner for Refugees, and this was something that

7 was done by Mr. Vesovic. I was in touch with other NGOs, for example,

8 Medecins Sans Frontieres.

9 Q. Maybe it was a translation problem. My question was: Who did you

10 report to about your contacts with international humanitarian

11 organizations? Were you reporting to the border police administration or

12 to Mr. Vesovic or both?

13 A. No. I did not report to the administration about those contacts.

14 Initial contacts were just for me to get to know these organizations.

15 Q. So who did you report to?

16 A. Mr. Vesovic. We had occasional meetings, I would say. I had been

17 in touch with this or that organization, I got to know their leaders, I

18 got to know about their activities, and that was the extent of it.

19 Q. Okay. And were those oral reports or written reports?

20 A. Oral.

21 Q. How often? Once a day? Once a week?

22 A. I can't quite remember. Probably once a week, sometimes more.

23 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Hannis, have we seen any documents compiled by

24 this witness?

25 MR. HANNIS: Not that I'm aware of, Your Honour.

Page 23155

1 JUDGE BONOMY: Did you ever write reports?

2 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Not in relation to my job. I did

3 write reports, as I said. Sometimes, we would get daily overviews of what

4 was going on, after the Kosovo Verification Mission had been set up, and I

5 was in charge of some technical business there for Mr. Mijatovic. As far

6 as I remember, the reports were signed either by Mr. Mijatovic or by

7 Mr. Lukic.

8 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

9 Mr. Hannis.


11 Q. What you just described, were those the daily reports on security

12 matters that went to the minister and Djordjevic and Rade Markovic and

13 others in Belgrade?

14 A. No. I think there was a dispatch determining precisely that the

15 ministry should be informed about this; who were the Kosovo verification

16 people in touch with, I mean who from the Ministry of the Interior; what

17 were the questions and what were the answers.

18 Q. Back to your contacts with international humanitarian

19 organizations, you told us about your oral reports to Vesovic. Did you

20 have any interaction or contact or sharing of that information with the

21 DB, with state security?

22 A. No, no interaction.

23 Q. With regard to those interactions with the international

24 humanitarian organizations, you told us, at page 23042, that you sometimes

25 warned them that in certain areas you couldn't guarantee their safety.

Page 23156

1 With regard to those kind of warnings, did you personally convey those

2 warnings?

3 A. Well, I can't remember specifically but I do think so. I do think

4 that I did. They would phone me to announce their ambition to visit

5 certain areas, and then I would tell them that a specific area was not

6 under the control of the MUP. Back in 1998, we were having a very

7 difficult year in Kosovo and Metohija because most of the roads, so to

8 speak, were under the control of the terrorists, members of the KLA.

9 Q. Did you -- when you did pass along those kind of warnings, did you

10 make any kind of written record of it?

11 A. No, no official notes.

12 Q. Any unofficial notes? Did you keep any kind of diary yourself?

13 A. I had no notebook, but I recorded whatever it was that I was

14 doing.

15 Q. So would you still have records of those kind of warnings that you

16 had conveyed?

17 A. No, no such records. These records were destroyed when the SUP

18 building in Pristina was targeted.

19 Q. Let me see here. I'd like to have you take a look at

20 Exhibit 6D262. This is a dispatch from the ministry dated the 18th of

21 June, 1998, from the minister.

22 Do you recall having seen this document?

23 A. I think so.

24 Q. And it does talk about some of the international humanitarian

25 organizations, including the Red Cross and the UNHCR. Do you know to whom

Page 23157

1 it was further circulated to, because we see it going to the ministry

2 staff in Pristina, but did you independently make any further circulation

3 of it?

4 A. No. I did not circulate this document to anyone. As far as I can

5 tell, all the organizational units of the MUP of the Republic of Serbia

6 are listed here.

7 Q. You can see, on the first page, there's some handwritten

8 notations. You see those?

9 A. I'm not sure if I'm able to read it properly. It says police

10 department; traffic police, OSP; and then OKP, crime police department;

11 and then this is quite illegible, but I think what it says is OPP, might

12 be border police department; followed by PS, police stations; SSP, meaning

13 traffic police stations; and, finally --

14 Q. That's okay. I want to ask you to look at the last page as well

15 of the B/C/S.

16 It looks like two handwritten lines in the first paragraph on that

17 page and another handwritten line at the bottom of that second one.

18 Do you know who wrote those in handwriting?

19 A. No, I do not know that.

20 Q. Okay. And I don't suppose you can tell us whether those

21 handwritten entries were on the document received at the MUP staff when it

22 got there or if they were put on later. You're not able to tell us about

23 that, are you?

24 A. Well, given the space between these lines, I think there's a line

25 missing or it simply can't be found in the document. Probably something

Page 23158

1 was left out, but I really don't know who wrote this and for what reason.

2 Q. At the very last entry on that page, in the bottom left, is typed

3 the number "2" and then two words, which looks mike "kom" and then "cirk."

4 Do you know what "2 kom cirk" means?

5 A. No, I have no idea.

6 Q. Thank you. You mentioned that in your job with the staff you

7 received reports from border police stations, and you informed the staff

8 leader or the manager of any security-related events.

9 Would you -- during your last few days at the MUP staff, after the

10 bombing started and before you were injured, did you receive any reports

11 from the border police station about the number of people leaving Kosovo?

12 A. I can't remember exactly whether I received a separate report or

13 whether this was part of the normal reporting done by the secretariat of

14 the interior. However, as far as I remember, there was a bulletin that we

15 produced. I produced some of those myself, and we spoke about the

16 situation that prevailed at the border crossings, and something that had

17 been observed was Albanians, people of Albanian ethnicity, leaving the

18 territory of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

19 I think there was a specific report in relation to each day in

20 terms of how many people left on each given day and what the breakdown was

21 for these people leaving. As far as I remember, for the most part, the

22 people leaving were ladies and children.

23 Q. We've seen another document from the end of April, after you were

24 already gone, in which there is an indication of the number of Siptars who

25 left. Now, I think you told us earlier today in your testimony that at

Page 23159

1 the border station it wouldn't be normal process to ask for identity

2 documents, and it wasn't necessarily a requirement to have ethnic

3 information on those documents.

4 How was that information being gathered and reported to the MUP

5 staff about the ethnicity of those people leaving?

6 A. Well, whenever someone tries to leave the country, their travel

7 documents are checked, the name and surname. Based on a person's name,

8 you can conclude whether this person is, in fact, an ethnic Serb or a

9 member of the Albanian ethnic minority.

10 Q. And in that document that I was referring to, it's in P1693, it

11 indicates that by the 30th of April, some 718.000 Siptars had left Kosovo.

12 Are you telling us that all of those people had travel documents?

13 A. I was speaking about the time that I spent in Pristina and about

14 them leaving with travel documents on them. I really know nothing about

15 how they were leaving at a later stage, and I don't wish to speculate

16 whether they had any travel documents or not, whether they were checked or

17 were, in fact, not checked. By this time, I had already sustained an

18 injury and I was off sick. I didn't even follow the press on a regular

19 basis at the time.

20 Q. Well, during the first week of the war, we have evidence in this

21 case that tens if not hundreds of thousands of Kosovar Albanians left

22 Kosovo in that first week of the war. Is it your position that they all

23 had travel documents that had to be shown and checked before they were

24 allowed to leave?

25 A. No. I said that in relation to the previous period. After the

Page 23160

1 air-strikes had begun, and I can't remember the exact day, I think I was

2 told at one point about something at the border crossing of Vrbnica and

3 the fact that there were people there who were leaving the country with no

4 travel documents. I can't be entirely certain, but I think there was a

5 report like that that reached the MUP staff, yet I can't remember whether

6 I, in fact, told Mr. Lukic about this or not.

7 Q. Well, if --

8 A. I think --

9 Q. Go ahead.

10 A. I think the report stated that those people had left and that

11 everything had been resolved by an agreement between that particular

12 border crossing and the border police administration that was within the

13 MUP. This was a single day before my injury, I think.

14 Q. And is your only information about that written information in a

15 report from the border police? Is that your only information about that?

16 A. Yes, as far as I remember.

17 Q. And, indeed, if there were such a report, it would come to you

18 given the nature of your job, right?

19 A. I was not receiving interpretation right now.

20 Q. That kind of report from the border police about Siptar civilians

21 leaving would have come to you because of the nature of your job, right?

22 A. The border police station would have sent something like this

23 along to me, yes.

24 Q. And wouldn't you automatically have conveyed that information to

25 General Lukic? You just said you can't remember whether you did or not.

Page 23161

1 Is that right?

2 A. What I'm saying is I can't remember, but I can't remember

3 specifically whether this was a Friday or a Saturday. As far as I

4 remember, the Chief of Staff and some other members of the staff had moved

5 on to a different location outside the Pristina SUP building. And if I

6 remember correctly, the only people remaining back at the building were

7 Mr. Adamovic, Mr. Slovic, and I.

8 It was perhaps for that reason that I didn't inform Mr. Lukic.

9 Perhaps, I simply didn't know his whereabouts at the time. But as far as

10 I remember, if there was a document that said that something had been

11 resolved, that meant that it had been resolved and would have implied no

12 urgency in terms of me needing to get in touch with General Lukic

13 immediately and report this to him.

14 Q. As a member of the MUP staff after General Lukic had arrived in

15 July of 1998, how frequently would have contact with him? Daily? Once or

16 twice a week? How often?

17 A. As far as I can remember, when Mr. Lukic came, we had meetings

18 more frequently than in Mr. Vesovic's time.

19 Now, was it twice a week or perhaps at first it was every day,

20 because there was the need for us to get to know Mr. Lukic. Later on, I

21 saw him only when it was necessary; that is to say, that I attended

22 certain meetings between Mr. Lukic and members of the Kosovo Verification

23 Mission and members of the UNHCR and the International Committee of the

24 Red Cross. I think I actually took the minutes of those meetings.

25 Of course, when they wanted to have contact with Mr. Lukic, I mean

Page 23162

1 international humanitarian organizations, they would first talk to me,

2 asking me when he had the time to see them, and then I would schedule

3 their meetings with him.

4 Q. Mr. Lukic asked you about your personal role in daily reporting.

5 You explained that you received reports about state security. Those

6 reports were reviewed, and you said: "We also wrote a report that we sent

7 to the ministry."

8 And with regard to this information, you said: "Yes. Analytical

9 processing did take place, and only the most important events would be

10 included in these reports."

11 Who in the MUP staff did that analysis that you described in your

12 answer?

13 A. I have to make a correction here. What I heard mentioned here was

14 that we received reports from the state security sector. I never received

15 or saw any such reports, and the State Security Service did not submit any

16 kind of reports to us.

17 As for your question, this work was carried out by Mr. Slovic. He

18 was the analyst and he compiled these reports. From time to time, I would

19 stand in for him when he would go away for a weekend.

20 Q. All right. In further describing your work at the staff, you were

21 asked about what legal regulations you applied in the course of your work.

22 You said you did, indeed, use many laws; first of all, the Law on the

23 Personal Identity Card, then the Law on Domicile and Residence, and the

24 Law on Travel Documents.

25 What exactly was the work that you were doing on the staff that

Page 23163

1 involved using these laws?

2 A. Then this was not properly translated either. As far as I can

3 remember, Mr. Lukic asked me what regulations I applied in the course of

4 my work as head of the department, or rather, what regulations are applied

5 in the line of work that I belonged to. I did not state that I applied

6 all these regulations while on the staff.

7 Q. Okay. What did you do on the staff besides these contacts with

8 international humanitarian organizations?

9 A. I didn't have any other duties.

10 Q. As I understand the decision appointing you to work on the MUP

11 staff, did you not get additional pay for that assignment?

12 A. No, no. All who were sent there received, on account of lives

13 separate from their families and I don't know for what other reasons, a

14 salary that was 50 per cent higher than before.

15 Q. I want to ask you about your appointment then, and let's look

16 again at Exhibit P -- or 6D1048. This is the decision by General

17 Djordjevic appointing you. It makes reference to the fact that you're

18 being dispatched to carry out the duties and tasks of the assistant head

19 of staff of the Ministry of the Interior in Pristina.

20 MR. HANNIS: I'm waiting for it to come up on the screen so we can

21 all follow along.

22 Q. It makes reference to that staff. It says: "Formed by a decision

23 of the deputy minister, head of public security department ST 01, strictly

24 confidential number 2793/93 of 15 April 1994."

25 Did you ever see that decision that's referenced there, the one

Page 23164

1 from 15 April 1994? Do you know what it says?

2 A. No. I never saw that decision.

3 Q. And this decision by General Djordjevic, in addition to that

4 reference, in the very first paragraph, it says: "Pursuant to Article 72

5 of the Law on Internal Affairs and Article 2 on the Law on Employment,"

6 the decision was made to send you there.

7 I ask you to keep that in mind, and I want to refer you now to

8 Exhibit P1251. I'll give you a hard copy of this because I'm actually

9 going to ask you to speak to both 1251 and 1252 in sequence, so I'll hand

10 you both.

11 You see, in P1251, there's a printed number in the bottom right of

12 that page. This is a decision on the formation of the staff of the

13 ministry in Pristina. And the top of the page, it says: "Pursuant to

14 Article 10 of the Book of Rules on the," it says, "International

15 Organization of the Ministry of the Interior." I assume that's a typo,

16 and it should be the "Internal Organization of the Ministry of the

17 Interior"; is that right?

18 Did you hear my question?

19 A. Yes. It says here: "Rules on the Internal Organization of the

20 Ministry of the Interior ..."

21 Q. Do you know what the Book of Rules of the Internal Organization

22 are? Are you familiar with those?

23 A. Well, we say that that is a book of rules on systemization. I've

24 never actually seen the entire Book of Rules. I've just seen excerpts

25 from it. But these rules clearly refer to all the organizational units of

Page 23165

1 the ministry and all the jobs therein. Every organizational unit has its

2 own number and every job has its own number.

3 While I worked there, I just received the rules on the

4 organization of my own department. I did not have insight into the

5 entirety of these rules; that is to say, that every head would receive

6 only that which pertained to his own unit, that is to say, what the number

7 was of that particular organizational unit and how many jobs were in

8 there.

9 Q. Did you see a copy of this decision prior to coming here to

10 testify?

11 A. I don't remember. Let me just have a look. I saw some decision,

12 but I don't know if it was this one.

13 Q. Okay. If you could look at the very bottom of page 1 in the B/C/S

14 and it's item number 2(e) in the English on the first page, among the task

15 of the staff, it includes: "Training organized units to perform

16 successfully special security assignments ..."

17 It goes on to talk about "special units of the police, special

18 anti-terrorist units, and mechanised brigades of the police for proceeding

19 according to Kolubara-1."

20 That looks like the name of a plan. Do you know what Kolubara-1

21 was?

22 A. No. I don't know what that is.

23 Q. Okay. If we go to page 2 of the English and the B/C/S, number 4

24 indicates that: "The composition of the staff will be laid down in a

25 separate decision," which we'll see in a minute in P1252.

Page 23166

1 Item number 5 says: "The staff leader is responsible to the chief

2 of the public security department for his own work and the work of the

3 staff ..."

4 To your knowledge, to whom did General Lukic report during his

5 tenure as Chief of Staff or head of the staff in Kosovo?

6 A. Well, if it says here that he is responsible to the head of the

7 sector, then he was responsible to the head of the sector and the

8 minister.

9 Q. Okay. And if you'll go down to number 8, it says: "This decision

10 supersedes the decision on the formation of the staff of the Ministry of

11 the Interior for the autonomous province of Kosovo and Metohija ..."

12 It makes reference to that confidential number of 15 April 1994

13 that we saw in Exhibit 6D1048 that appointed you to the staff, right?

14 You may want to refer back to 6D1048, which was the document that

15 appointed you to the staff of the MUP.

16 A. I can't see where this number is. If you're referring to

17 2793/93 --

18 Q. Yes. If you'll look --

19 A. Oh, I see it. I found it.

20 Q. That's the same document it's referring to, right?

21 A. Well, this seems to show that the staff was established in 1994

22 then.

23 Q. Yes. That decision establishing a staff in April of 1994 is the

24 one under which you were appointed to the staff in March of 1998, right?

25 A. Well, I don't understand what the question is. I mean, I can say

Page 23167

1 if what you mean is what number this is. In the decision, it says it is

2 the staff that is organized in 1994; whereas, here it says that this

3 decision was no longer in force. So this is contradictory to one another,

4 unless I have a careful look at the dates.

5 JUDGE BONOMY: I think the contradiction's resolved by the next

6 document, Mr. Hannis.

7 MR. HANNIS: Yes.

8 JUDGE BONOMY: I don't know that analysing it with the witness is

9 really all that helpful.

10 MR. HANNIS: Well, Your Honour, he is a lawyer and he was on the

11 MUP staff, and he's my best chance, I think.

12 JUDGE BONOMY: All right.


14 Q. Be patient with me, sir, we need to go through about two more

15 documents to get to the end of this.

16 Now, if you will look at 1252, that's another document from

17 General Djordjevic, and this is naming the leaders and members of the

18 staff of Ministry of the Interior for the autonomous province of Kosovo.

19 Number 1 is General Lukic. Number 8 is yourself. I think in the English

20 translation your name is not spelled correctly, but I believe it's clearly

21 you. You see that?

22 A. I see that, yes; although, it's not a very legible copy, but I do

23 see it.

24 Q. Yeah, I apologise for that. That seems to be the best copy we

25 have. And on the back page or the second page, we see a date that's sort

Page 23168

1 of illegible. We have the date of 11, something, 1998. I think, from

2 other evidence, you'll probably find that it's probably the 11th of June,

3 1998.

4 Now I need to take you to P1505, which is one that you've seen a

5 couple of times already.

6 JUDGE BONOMY: Taking, though, these two together, 1251 and 1252,

7 Mr. Vucurevic, do you see that they in combination appear to replace the

8 1994 document under which you were originally appointed?

9 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Well, that's what it says in the

10 last paragraph, that by the adoption of this decision, 1251, that is, the

11 other decision from 1994 shall no longer be in force.

12 JUDGE BONOMY: So 1251 creates a different staff and 1252 appoints

13 personnel to that staff who may largely have been there anyway.

14 MR. HANNIS: Correct.

15 JUDGE BONOMY: Is that correct?

16 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] That's right.

17 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

18 MR. HANNIS: Thank you, Your Honour.

19 Q. Next I'd like you to take a look at P1505, and you may have it. I

20 have a hard copy if you want, so you can look at these all at the same

21 time. This is a decision by the minister.

22 A. Just a moment, please. They took those papers away.

23 Q. Yeah, we'll give you 1251 and 1252 to keep for a while. This is a

24 decision by the minister dated the 16th of June, 1998. And the first

25 thing I'd like you to look at is on the last page, page 3 of the B/C/S,

Page 23169

1 page 2 of the English, item number 6. It says: "With this decision

2 coming into force, the following shall come out of force ..."

3 There's a reference to a decision to establish an operational

4 staff of 21 April 1998. I don't know what that is. I don't think we've

5 seen that one here yet. But then there's a reference to the decision to

6 establish a staff of the ministry and dated the 15th of May, 1998. It

7 makes reference to number 1206/98.

8 I think if you look at that document, even though there are some

9 parts that are difficult to read, you'll agree with me that that must be a

10 reference to P1251? Would you agree, based on the name of the decision

11 and the date and the number, that that's probably what it refers to there?

12 A. Two decisions are referred to here, the decision on the

13 establishment of 1998 and then yet another decision from May 1998, and the

14 third decision is on the appointment of the actual composition.

15 Q. Yes. And, right now, I'm trying to go step by step.

16 Would you agree with me the one from May of 1998 is Exhibit P1251

17 entitled: "Decision to establish a staff of the Ministry of the Interior

18 for the autonomous province of Kosovo and Metohija"?

19 A. Yes.

20 Q. And --

21 A. The date is clear here, the 15th of May, 1998. Yes, that's the

22 decision. That is Exhibit P0251.

23 Q. 1251 I hope, 01251.

24 A. 01251.

25 Q. Thank you. And then the last one referred to here in item 6 is

Page 23170

1 the decision on the appointment of the staff group; that is, the head and

2 members of the staff of the ministry, 11 June 1998. Would you take a look

3 at 1252, P1252, and would you agree with me that that's what it must be

4 referring to here in P1505?

5 A. Well, I assume that that's it because you can see here the 11th,

6 you cannot see the month, and you can see 1998. And if you look at the

7 very name where it says appointing the actual composition, that

8 corresponds to what this decision says.

9 Q. Okay. Now, this portion of this decision to take out of force

10 those two prior decisions of General Djordjevic does not make any

11 reference to that April 1994 decision that was referenced in your

12 appointment; do you agree with me there? There's no reference to that

13 confidential number 2793/93 of 15 April 1994?

14 A. There is no reference here.

15 Q. Okay. So when 1251 and 1252 were taken out of force, then, in

16 effect, the April 1994 decision is reinstated and now is in force, and

17 that was the one under which you were appointed; right?

18 A. Well, I don't know what these decisions said. It's a bit strange

19 that a decision from 1994 would be in force and other things that were

20 adopted after that would not be in force. I don't know whether this is

21 still in force or whether it is being superseded by something else.

22 It is illogical that a document that was passed earlier on is

23 later on changed with another document or amended by another document, and

24 then a third document is passed saying that the first one is no longer

25 valid. I'm don't know if I'm being clear on this.

Page 23171

1 MR. HANNIS: I'm not sure, but Perhaps this is a good time for our

2 lunch break, Your Honour.

3 JUDGE BONOMY: I certainly am not clear how it is revived, if that

4 is what you are suggesting, Mr. Hannis. Bearing in mind also that in

5 P1505, this witness is named as one of the staff.

6 MR. HANNIS: I know, Your Honour, and we'll address that a little

7 further after the break.

8 JUDGE BONOMY: Very well. We need another break at this stage,

9 Mr. Vucurevic, this will be for half an hour. Would you again leave the

10 court with the usher, and we shall resume at ten to 1.00.

11 [The witness stands down]

12 --- Recess taken at 12.21 p.m.

13 --- On resuming at 12.51 p.m.

14 [The witness takes the stand].

15 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Hannis.

16 MR. HANNIS: Thank you.

17 Q. Mr. Vucurevic, I want to continue with Exhibit P1505, that 16 June

18 1998 decision. Would you take a close look at the title of that decision

19 on the first page. My English translation says: "Decision to establish a

20 ministerial staff for the suppression of terrorism." Is that correct?

21 A. It says here: "Decision on the establishment of a staff of the

22 ministry for the suppression of terrorism."

23 Q. And that's all in capital letters, right?

24 A. Yes. All of it is in capital letters.

25 Q. And if you'll look at P1251, which I think you still have there,

Page 23172

1 that was the 15th of May, 1998 decision by General Djordjevic.

2 You'll see that one I think says: "Decision on the formation of a

3 staff of the ministry in Pristina"?

4 A. Yes, that is what is stated in the decision.

5 Q. Okay. And one more, if you will, is the decision that appointed

6 you in March 1998. Exhibit 6D01048 said you were dispatched to carry out

7 the duties and tasks of assistant head of staff of the Ministry of the

8 Interior in Pristina, formed by a decision of the deputy minister, et

9 cetera.

10 So those two earlier documents from March 1998, your appointment

11 document, and the decision in 1251 simply refer to a staff of the ministry

12 in Pristina; whereas, 1505 is referring to a ministerial staff for the

13 suppression of terrorism. Were there two separate staffs, one

14 particularly devoted to the suppression of terrorism and another one that

15 was just a general, more administrative kind of staff in Kosovo?

16 Isn't that one way we can try and understand how all these

17 documents work together?

18 A. As far as I know, there was just one staff of the Ministry of the

19 Interior of the Republic of Serbia. I do not know of the existence of any

20 other staff.

21 Q. And even though your name in P1505 as a member of this ministerial

22 staff for the suppression of terrorism, I think your testimony before was

23 that you don't recall ever having seen this document or received a copy of

24 it. Is that right?

25 A. I don't remember having seen this decision.

Page 23173

1 Q. You told us that when you were there, in 1998, you said David

2 Gajic was not a member of the staff. Do you know who David Gajic was?

3 Did you ever meet him personally?

4 A. Yes. I used to see him in the Pristina SUP lunchroom.

5 Q. And I take it that was in 1998?

6 A. Yes, that's right.

7 Q. Did you ever see Milorad Lukovic, also known as Legija, in Kosovo

8 in either 1998 or 1999 before you left?

9 A. I think I saw him once, too, in that same hall, and I asked myself

10 who he was -- rather, I asked the question, and then I can't remember who

11 exactly it was who answered the question and said that was Milorad

12 Lukovic.

13 Q. What about Colonel Zivko Trajkovic, did you ever meet him or know

14 who he was?

15 A. I think I met Zivko Trajkovic at one of the meetings at the staff,

16 and I can't remember whether there was any other time that I met him, but

17 I knew who he was. I knew based on what people had told me.

18 Q. You told us that Miroslav Mijatovic was the deputy head, but I

19 understand he didn't arrive until sometime in mid-July 1998. Who was the

20 deputy head of staff when you first arrived in Kosovo and before

21 Mr. Mijatovic came?

22 A. When I first arrived in April 1998, and as far as I know, the

23 deputy head of staff was Mr. Radislav Djinovic.

24 Q. Who told you that?

25 A. I can't remember right now whether it was the head of staff who

Page 23174

1 told me, Mr. Vesovic, or the other members of the staff that I found

2 there. We were then introduced to each other.

3 Q. Okay. In answer to a question about this document where there's a

4 reference to the expanded staff, including chiefs of secretariats and

5 centres and branches of the RDB, you said, at page 23057: "I don't know

6 what this term 'expanded staff' means."

7 Sir, you're a lawyer. You must have some idea of what "expanded

8 staff" means in this context, don't you?

9 A. I'm not sure that's what I said. I think the question was were

10 they members of the staff, and my answer was I did not see them at the

11 staff regularly, only every now and then when the minister of the interior

12 was there or one of the aforementioned generals when the meetings were

13 held at the staff itself.

14 My assumption is this: If a body had been set up, then every now

15 and then it would have had to meet in its complete set-up, so that

16 everybody knew what they had to do; and then there would be another

17 meeting to see what the result of those actions were.

18 Q. You mentioned Goran Radosavljevic having an office in the same

19 area where you other members of the staff were located. What was your

20 understanding of his job on the MUP staff in 1998 and 1999?

21 A. I really don't know what his specific job was; but based on what I

22 knew about his qualifications, and I think he had told me this, himself,

23 that he was into training police units, my conclusion at the time was that

24 he was there on behalf of the police administration.

25 Q. The nature of your job was such that you really didn't have much

Page 23175

1 involvement with that part of the MUP that dealt with the PJP and the SAJ,

2 correct?

3 A. That's right. Throughout my career, I never worked in a police

4 department or administration. I never wore a uniform. I was a civilian

5 working for the Ministry of the Interior. I knew that there were such

6 units around, but I never learned exactly what the scope of their activity

7 was.

8 Q. You were asked some questions about whether the MUP staff had the

9 ability to change any order that arrived from the Ministry of the

10 Interior, and you explained, no, it did not, because it didn't have the

11 power to change orders not issued by them.

12 That leads to my question of: In fact, did not the MUP staff

13 issue certain orders or instructions or directions to either the SUP or

14 PJP?

15 A. I can answer about my own line of work based on what I remember.

16 The head of staff or I myself never directly issued an order. There may

17 be one exception, and I can't remember specifically, but I think it was

18 about the Kosovo Verification Mission or about the signing of the

19 Milosevic-Holbrooke Agreement. I had looked at quite many documents, and

20 I can't be certain now, but I think there was this one situation where we

21 sent a letter to all the secretariats throughout the autonomous province

22 of Kosovo and Metohija.

23 Q. Can we take a look now at Exhibit 6D768. I can hand you a hard

24 copy of this one, and I think you can return those others now. I'm done

25 with 1505 and 1251 and 1252, I think.

Page 23176

1 This is a document dated the 7th of August, 1998, from General

2 Lukic to the SUP in Pristina, Pec, Prizren, Djakovica, et cetera, and to

3 the commander of the PJP joint detachment.

4 Have you seen this document before today?

5 A. I think I saw it during the proofing.

6 Q. We know from other witnesses and documents that there was some

7 joint VJ and MUP actions, anti-terrorist actions, in late July and early

8 August 1998. In paragraph 2 here, you see there's a reference to: "After

9 actions or operations had been carried out, it was noticed that certain

10 police officers in manoeuvre and territorial detachments and members of

11 the reserve force, including officers in those units, behaved highly

12 unprofessionally." It mentions stealing from houses, stealing vehicles,

13 torching houses, et cetera.

14 Were you aware that there were complaints or concerns about that

15 problem in August of 1998?

16 A. I had heard that there were problems, but I can't be certain now.

17 I think this even was mentioned in the daily reports that were sent to the

18 Ministry of the Interior. I'm not certain if there was perhaps a meeting

19 where someone from one of the humanitarian organizations came up with

20 this, what we see stated here, but I can't remember specifically.

21 Q. Okay. If you'll go on down to the fourth paragraph, it's two

22 below the one that I just read from.

23 It says: "There are many diplomatic and consular representatives

24 in the territory of Kosovo and Metohija, many representatives of the

25 International Red Cross and other international organizations, as well as

Page 23177

1 journalists who move around, shoot footage, and take photographs."

2 In your job as contact with the international humanitarian

3 organizations, do you not recall that some of them were bringing to your

4 attention complaints about that kind of conduct by the police?

5 A. I can't remember exactly, but I think this was something that was

6 done by the International Red Cross Committee. I think they mentioned

7 several times their information on things that had been done by police

8 officers on the ground; unprofessional things, illegitimate things, and

9 illegal things.

10 Q. And did you include in any of the reports that you assisted in

11 that kind of information, those complaints from the internationals about

12 police misconduct?

13 A. I attended meetings and I think that everything that is stated

14 here was included in the report. However, representatives of the ICRC or

15 any other organization were, as far as I remember, always required to

16 state exactly the time and place that something happened, so that all the

17 facts and circumstances might be verified.

18 Q. Okay. And if you'll go on, in light of these mentioned problems,

19 General Lukic says: "In order to fight and prevent such occurrences, it's

20 necessary to do the following," and he lists three things.

21 Number 1: "Ensure full control over employees of the ministry."

22 Number 2: "Vigorously institute criminal and misdemeanour

23 disciplinary proceedings."

24 Number 3: "Record all such instances and events and immediately

25 inform the staff of the ministry in Pristina."

Page 23178

1 The last paragraph says: "Chiefs in the secretariat and

2 commanders of the PJP joint detachment shall be personally responsible for

3 the implementation of the above measures and for preventing such

4 occurrences."

5 Now, this document is not entitled, "Order," but that reads to me

6 like that's an order, that's a direction to the SUPs and the PJP, is it

7 not?

8 A. No. It's not entitled, "Order," but again this document, too, was

9 probably produced based on contacts with representatives of international

10 organizations. If you ask me, it has the nature of instructions. This is

11 something, instructions, that should be followed, because what we see

12 stated at the end of this document, that the heads of secretariats were

13 responsible, well that's nothing new. They are normally responsible for

14 ensuring that all their members work in a way that is legal.

15 Q. I understand that it is not entitled: "Order," but my question

16 is: In real life, how did that work? Were the SUP chiefs and the PJP

17 commander free to ignore this without any consequences?

18 A. I don't know how this worked in practical terms and whether they

19 were, in fact, free to ignore anything. But I know that I previously

20 stated that I remember criminal complaints being brought against members

21 of the Ministry of the Interior who were found to have committed crimes,

22 and I think this was actually included in the reports that were dispatched

23 to the ministry.

24 Each member of the secretariat is responsible for taking

25 disciplinary action as soon as they learn that something has been done.

Page 23179

1 If it's a crime, then people from the crime police join in, and members of

2 the ministry are treated exactly the same way and on the same terms as any

3 other citizen who commits a crime.

4 Q. Well, based on your answer, this document, would you not agree

5 with me that General Lukic appears to have the authority to issue such a

6 direction and that those who received it, the SUP chiefs and the commander

7 of the PJP, abided by it because you tell me they took actions against

8 those who misbehaved?

9 A. I believe that this is, above all, a warning, since all the

10 international organizations, first and foremost, would address the head of

11 staff and not the chiefs of the secretariats. Certain irregularities had

12 been observed in the conduct of the police, and this was a reminder that

13 measures ought to be taken and that everyone ought to be taking measures

14 within their own field of competence.

15 As far as I know, representatives of international organizations

16 only presented their remarks to the staff of the ministry, I mean those

17 remarks that actually had to do with the conduct of members of the

18 Ministry of the Interior.

19 Q. Well, as a lawyer, are you saying this document has no legal

20 effect, or is this an area outside your expertise?

21 A. I'm not sure what you mean that this has no legal effect.

22 Q. Well, does this carry more weight than if I'd written a letter to

23 the SUP and the PJP and said, "Don't do that again," and make sure that

24 everybody follows the rules? Doesn't General Lukic have higher standing,

25 or is he just writing this document to hear his own words? If this is not

Page 23180

1 an order, what is it?

2 A. I don't know what it is and I don't wish to speculate.

3 Q. Okay.

4 A. But what I gave you is my opinion.

5 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Hannis's first question might have been helpful

6 if he had just adhered to it. Does it have any more force than if

7 Mr. Hannis had written to the SUP chiefs?

8 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Well, I don't think any random

9 citizen could send a letter like this to people working for the Ministry

10 of the Interior. There could have been an individual letter by an

11 individual citizen about particular violations of his rights by a member

12 of the Ministry of the Interior in the line of duty.

13 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Vucurevic, we've had evidence in this case of

14 citizens writing to the ministry to tell them about general problems,

15 international organizations observing the situation and then communicating

16 with members of the government and government departments.

17 Now, does the letter from Mr. Lukic have any greater force than a

18 letter from some international humanitarian organization saying, "Please

19 obey the rules"?

20 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Yes, if you ask me.


22 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Because this is a document that was,

23 after all, signed and dispatched by an officer of the Ministry of the

24 Interior who had knowledge, I suppose, to the effect that there had been

25 the cases of unprofessional conduct. He wanted to, again, draw everyone's

Page 23181

1 attention to the fact that they were under an obligation to obey the law

2 and implement the law.

3 JUDGE BONOMY: I understand that, but why should this have any

4 more force because it comes from Mr. Lukic, or are you, in fact, saying it

5 doesn't have any force?

6 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I'm not sure you

7 understand me correctly. Given the fact that international humanitarian

8 organizations were in touch with the ministry staff, and as I said we were

9 receiving reports from all the different secretariats, this is a summary

10 of all of that, and that was why it was probably dispatched to all the

11 secretariats of the interior as a general description of what was going

12 on.

13 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Hannis.

14 MR. HANNIS: Thank you, Your Honour.

15 Q. Mr. Vucurevic, I want to ask you now about 6D798. I'll hand you a

16 hard copy of this one. I think you saw it before. It's the minutes of a

17 meeting held on 22 July at the Pristina MUP conference hall.

18 Do you recall having seen this document before?

19 A. Yes, during the proofing.

20 Q. And you're listed as one of the persons in attendance. Do you

21 remember being at this particular meeting?

22 A. When I looked at the document, I remembered that I had attended

23 the meeting.

24 Q. And you'll see on the agenda the three different items. Would you

25 read out number 3 for us, because I think there's been an issue about the

Page 23182

1 translation of one term in there.

2 Could you read out loud what that says.

3 A. Item 3 reads: "Defining tasks about the implementation of the

4 global plan and the tasks to come."

5 Q. Now, from other evidence, we've heard that General Lukic and some

6 others had been at a meeting shortly before this with President Milosevic

7 and General Pavkovic and other representatives of the army and the MUP.

8 What was said at this meeting about that plan that you just read

9 out in item number 3? What do you remember?

10 A. I can't remember specifically all the things that were said at the

11 meeting, but basically I heard that there was some sort of a plan and I

12 think they talked about the different stages of that plan. I don't know

13 the exact number of these stages, maybe between 3 and 5, but I can't be

14 certain.

15 Q. And can you give us any more detail about the nature of that plan,

16 a plan to do what?

17 A. Well, as I've already stated, and I believe I did state that once

18 at least, the situation that prevailed in the autonomous province of

19 Kosovo and Metohija at the time was very difficult. As far as I remember,

20 the only road that was clear was the one leading from Pristina to

21 Urosevac. The one from Prizren to Pec could not be taken. There were

22 daily attacks along that road. I even think that some of those roads were

23 closed. That was my understanding of the reason for this plan. It was

24 meant to clear the road so that the citizens might again be able to travel

25 unhindered.

Page 23183

1 Q. Do you know who took the minutes of this meeting?

2 A. I think all the minutes were taken by Mr. Slovic.

3 Q. Okay. You'll notice that this document ends after the remarks by

4 the Gradimir Zekavica from the Prizren SUP, and he's apparently only the

5 third SUP commander or chief to speak. Do you know what happened to the

6 rest of the minutes for this meeting?

7 A. No, I really can't say.

8 Q. And you'll notice the second page just stops after one paragraph

9 and is completely blank after that. Do you know why this document is in

10 that condition?

11 A. I really don't know.

12 Q. And if the other two items on the agenda are assessment of the

13 security situation in the territory covered by the secretariat and an

14 assessment of the situation in the units, from what I've seen in other

15 minutes of these kind of meetings, would it not be typical for pretty much

16 all those SUP chiefs and all those PJP commanders to make at least a few

17 brief remarks? That's usual what happened at these meetings, wasn't it?

18 A. You're right. If you ask me, each of them should have reported

19 about this issue.

20 Q. Okay. And you don't remember any comment by General Lukic or

21 Djordjevic or Stevanovic about their opinion of this plan at this meeting?

22 A. No, I don't.

23 Q. Any concerns they had about the MUP's role in that plan?

24 A. I really can't remember.

25 Q. Okay. Mr. Vucurevic, during your time there with MUP staff, did

Page 23184

1 you hear anything about the term "the armed non-Siptar population"? Did

2 you ever hear that term used?

3 A. I can't remember a term like that being used. There is something

4 that I think was called "reserve police."

5 Q. That is my next question. What did you know about the reserve

6 police and the reserve police stations in Kosovo?

7 A. I don't really know much about that. I said that I heard the term

8 being used, "reserve police squad." I can't remember whether this was at

9 a meeting, but I think that their role was to perform police business in

10 those areas where there weren't a sufficient number of police around.

11 Q. Okay. Did you have any idea of the numbers of reserve police

12 stations that were being organized in 1998 in Kosovo?

13 A. No, I truly didn't know that. I didn't know their strength. I

14 simply heard the term used; that was all.

15 Q. Did you have any information about who was providing weapons to

16 those reserve police officers?

17 A. I'm not sure. I don't remember, but if -- I really don't know who

18 was providing weapons to them. I can't say. I wasn't involved in that;

19 therefore, I can hardly be expected to speculate and possibly provide

20 answers that might prove erroneous.

21 Q. Let me show you now Exhibit P1224. I think you saw this document

22 earlier. This is dated the 18th of October, 1998, and it's described as a

23 summary of the numbers of policemen in Kosovo and Metohija on 16 October.

24 Do you recall having seen this document before?

25 A. I saw it during proofing.

Page 23185

1 Q. Do you know who actually compiled the information in the attached

2 tables and who put together the text in this summary?

3 A. I don't know who it was that did that.

4 Q. Do you know when that was done? We see the dates on there,

5 but ...

6 A. Well, I can just see that this is a review of the situation on the

7 16th of October, 1998.

8 Q. Okay. And if you will look at the organization chart which I

9 think you talked about before, you commented that there was no reference

10 to the MUP staff. But is it correct that this document was supposed to

11 reflect all policemen in Kosovo at that time?

12 That's what it purports to be, right?

13 A. Well, this document does include all policemen, as far as I can

14 see. All the SUPs are listed here, all the police stations, and I'm

15 looking at the abbreviations here as well. Even the special

16 anti-terrorist unit is referred to there and the station of the traffic

17 police.

18 Q. Okay.

19 A. So these are employees of the ministry who we call policemen who

20 wear uniforms and carry weapons. That is what I am particularly

21 highlighting.

22 Q. Okay. What can you tell me with regard to the reference to the

23 SAJ under the SUP in Pristina on this organization chart? There's a word

24 "alvalija." What does that mean? Is that a location?

25 A. Yes. Here it says, "SAJ alvalija." As far as I know, there were

Page 23186

1 three anti-terrorist organizations SAJ in Belgrade, Novi Sad, and

2 Pristina. What is written here, "ajvalija," I think that's a part of town

3 where their headquarters is or the premises where they were put up.

4 Q. Okay. And this number doesn't purport to reflect the number of

5 reserve policemen or the reserve police stations that had been formed by

6 this date, correct?

7 A. I don't see that here. I can -- I really cannot say anything --

8 Q. Okay.

9 A. -- because I don't know whether they were stated separately or

10 whether they were in the regular police stations. I am really not aware

11 of their structure.

12 MR. LUKIC: Excuse me, Your Honour.

13 MR. HANNIS: I see Mr. Lukic on his feet.

14 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Lukic.

15 MR. LUKIC: I think mentioning RPO as stations could cause some

16 confusion, because I think the other day we clarified that those are not

17 stations but squads, RPO. They didn't have any stationary objects in

18 which they were placed in.

19 JUDGE BONOMY: I think that's correct Mr. Hannis, on the

20 evidence.

21 MR. HANNIS: I'll accept that, Your Honour. I was just reading

22 from a document.

23 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.


25 Q. I want to ask you then, sir, about the purpose of that document.

Page 23187

1 Based on the timing and the numbers reflected therein, it seems to me that

2 that may have been prepared in relation to the discussions with

3 internationals that eventually led to the October agreements regarding

4 Kosovo. Is that correct or do you know?

5 A. As far as I can remember, that is correct. I mean, I cannot

6 remember the exact date when the number of members of the Ministry of the

7 Interior was supposed to be reduced in the territory of the autonomous

8 province of Kosovo and Metohija. I assume that that is why this document

9 was compiled, in order to have a review.

10 Q. During your time in Kosovo in 1998 and until the beginning April

11 1999, did you ever hear the term "Joint Command for Kosovo and Metohija"?

12 A. I think that I heard it once at one of the meetings; although, I

13 cannot remember exactly who it was that had used the term. But I do not

14 remember that I particularly memorised that term or that I paid any

15 attention to it. It wasn't clear to me what it was about.

16 Q. Well, I'll have you take a quick look at Exhibit P2086. This is a

17 meeting on I think it's the 5th of November.

18 MR. HANNIS: I'm sorry. I think I gave you the wrong number. I

19 need 2805. I apologise.

20 Q. This is a meeting on the 5th of November, 1998. You're listed as

21 being in attendance. I'll hand you a hard copy. And in addition to the

22 minister, President Milutinovic, several citizens, General Pavkovic, and

23 some 13 representatives of the army, among other regular attendees, were

24 present at this meeting.

25 Do you recall that meeting where President Milutinovic came and

Page 23188

1 spoke?

2 A. I recall that I was present at that meeting. As far as I can

3 remember, that was the only time that President Milutinovic was in

4 Pristina. I think that he talked about resolving the problems of the

5 autonomous province of Kosovo and Metohija.

6 Q. Well, in his remarks, in page 3 of the English - I'm not sure

7 where it is exactly in your copy - he does make reference to the Joint

8 Command. Do you think that's where you might have heard the term was in

9 this meeting where President Milutinovic made reference to it?

10 He said: "Everything remains the same for the Yugoslav Army; and

11 police, Joint Command, VJ units are not withdrawing and police forces are

12 reduced only by the part that has already been withdrawn."

13 Does that refresh your memory about when you might have heard the

14 term?

15 A. If that is what it was that you underlined and that is in brackets

16 here, I think that that's the first time when I heard that term.

17 Q. Okay. Are you not aware that General Lukic attended dozens of

18 meetings of the Joint Command just between the 22nd of July and the end of

19 October, 1998, while you were there as a member of the MUP staff?

20 You didn't know about that?

21 A. I really don't know what meetings General Lukic went to. He was

22 my superior officer; I wasn't his. So I really don't know who he went to

23 meet and what he discussed at these meetings.

24 Q. Nor do you know what kind of plans may have been discussed at

25 those meetings, right?

Page 23189

1 A. I don't know. I didn't take part in such meeting.

2 Q. Okay. Now, I know you left around the 1st of April; but in your

3 preparations to testify, did anyone show you a decree that was signed by

4 President Milutinovic concerning identity cards that was signed, I think,

5 on the 31st of March, 1999, changing the law on identity cards?

6 Did you see that in preparing to testify?

7 A. Yes, I think so.

8 MR. HANNIS: If we could look at Exhibit 1D144, please.

9 Q. I can hand you a copy of this, sir. The cover page is a letter

10 from the Deputy Prime Minister, Professor Markovic, and the text of the

11 decree is on, I think, the second page.

12 I'm particularly interested in Article 3 that says: "A person who

13 loses a personal identity card or is not in possession of said for some

14 other reason is obliged to report it within 24 hours to the competent

15 organizational unit of the Ministry of the Interior in the place where the

16 personal identification card was lost."

17 My first question: The competent organizational unit in this

18 context would be, what, the SUP in that location?

19 A. The secretariat of the interior in terms of the residence of the

20 person to whom a personal identity card had been issued.

21 Q. But, here, it would be the SUP in the area where the card was

22 lost, rather than where it was issued, right? That's where they're

23 supposed to report the loss or other circumstances under which they came

24 to be without it, right?

25 A. Oh, I'm sorry. I didn't read this very precisely. It says, here,

Page 23190

1 at the place where the personal identity card had been lost. I think that

2 you were asking me who was in charge of issuing him with a duplicate card.

3 What it says, here, is what the obligation of every citizen is, to report

4 to the closest police station the loss of any form of identification.

5 Q. It says "any form of identification"? I thought this was

6 referring just specifically to the personal identification card. Isn't

7 that a unique document?

8 A. A personal identity card is a document that is used for

9 identification; however, I've already said that citizens also have travel

10 documents. Also, if a citizen loses a travel document, he is duty-bound

11 to report the loss of that document.

12 Q. But not according to this decree. This decree only refers to the

13 personal identification card, right?

14 A. Yes. Yes, only personal identity cards.

15 MR. HANNIS: Your Honours, I'm not going to finish in the next

16 minute. I don't know if we could break now.

17 JUDGE BONOMY: How long do you have?

18 MR. HANNIS: Thirty minutes probably.

19 JUDGE BONOMY: Are you finished with this document?

20 MR. HANNIS: No.

21 JUDGE BONOMY: Could you finish with that? There's no pressure

22 today because there's no other case coming in here, Mr. Hannis.

23 MR. HANNIS: Okay.

24 JUDGE BONOMY: If we could finish with one document, it would make

25 sense.

Page 23191

1 MR. HANNIS: I'll try and ask a couple more questions about it.

2 Q. We've heard evidence from a number of Kosovo Albanian civilians

3 about being directed to leave Kosovo and who indicated that as they were

4 passing through the border at Albania on the way sometimes their identity

5 cards and other personal documents were taken from them and torn up.

6 As a practical matter, sir, can you tell me how a person whose

7 card is torn up by a policeman could reasonably be expected to report that

8 loss to the police station in the area where it happened?

9 That's not realistic, is it?

10 A. Well, the citizen would be duty-bound to do that.

11 MR. HANNIS: Thank you, Your Honour. I have no questions about

12 this document at this time.

13 JUDGE BONOMY: The article we're looking at obviously changes the

14 rule in some way. What is the change that was made by Article 3?

15 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I think that what was changed here

16 was only the time. I don't have the Law on Personal Identity Cards here

17 on me now, so the period within which one has to report the loss. I think

18 that the law gives a general wording, as in immediately; whereas, here it

19 says 24 hours.

20 JUDGE BONOMY: If you look at Article 2, you'll see another change

21 that anyone over 14 was obliged to have a personal identification card,

22 and I think other evidence indicates that the previous age was 16. Is

23 that correct?

24 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] No. The law says that every citizen

25 who is of age is duty-bound to have a personal identity card. In our

Page 23192

1 country, persons become of at age at the age of 18. Persons younger than

2 18 may have a personal identity card but need not necessarily have one.

3 This is a change in relation to the law. This stipulates an obligation;

4 whereas, the law provides for the possibility of younger persons having a

5 personal identity card.

6 JUDGE BONOMY: Do you know why this change was made during the

7 state of war?

8 THE WITNESS: [Interpretation] I really don't understand why this

9 change was made, especially for persons who are younger than 18.

10 JUDGE BONOMY: That brings the proceedings for today to an end,

11 Mr. Vucurevic, which means you'll have to come back again tomorrow.

12 Tomorrow that will be at 9.00 and will be in court 3 in this building.

13 Please remember what I said to you about not having communications

14 with anyone about the evidence in the case while you're a witness. Now

15 could you please leave the courtroom with the usher, and we will see you

16 again tomorrow morning at 9.00.

17 [The witness stands down]

18 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 1.49 p.m.,

19 to be reconvened on Tuesday, the 26th day of

20 February, 2008, at 9.00 a.m.