Tribunal Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia

Page 12051

1 Wednesday, 21 March 2007

2 [Open session]

3 [The accused entered court]

4 --- Upon commencing at 9.00 a.m.

5 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Ivetic, we thought that yesterday we had heard

6 all the submissions on the question of Mr. Coo's evidence, and I've just

7 been handed what's called Sreten Lukic's additional submission objecting

8 to the introduction of Coo documents from the bar table."

9 Now, what does this relate to?

10 MR. IVETIC: Your Honour, this relates to basically memorialising

11 objections that we would make orally with respect to exhibits that are now

12 being tendered through Mr. Coo. The final list was received at 7.00 in

13 the evening of the exhibits that were still in play with respect to

14 Mr. Coo upon reviewing the submission by Mr. Ackerman on behalf of General

15 Pavkovic --

16 JUDGE BONOMY: How do these differ, though, from the situation we

17 were in yesterday where we had submissions on behalf of the accused

18 Pavkovic --

19 MR. IVETIC: These are not on that list.

20 JUDGE BONOMY: -- on behalf of Sainovic --

21 MR. IVETIC: These are not on that list, Your Honour.

22 JUDGE BONOMY: I'm sorry?

23 MR. IVETIC: These objections are not objections that are on that

24 list. These --

25 JUDGE BONOMY: Yeah, but why didn't you object at the same time as

Page 12052

1 everyone else?

2 MR. IVETIC: Well, Your Honour, we were in the midst of doing

3 everything else --.

4 JUDGE BONOMY: All right.

5 MR. IVETIC: -- and we couldn't be certain that the -- that there

6 would be 400 exhibits that everything was covered. Now with the 100 -- or

7 excuse me -- 200-or-so-odd exhibits, we --

8 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, Mr. Ivetic, the Trial Chamber has spent

9 hours, I assure you, on this, hours --

10 MR. IVETIC: We have too, Your Honour.

11 JUDGE BONOMY: -- at various stages and we thought that yesterday

12 when we were spending a great deal of time on it, we had everybody's

13 submissions.

14 MR. IVETIC: Well, Your Honour, it wasn't until 6.30 in the

15 evening that the Trial Chamber advised us of it's decision that it was

16 going to be treating the Coo submission as a motion for admission of

17 evidence and that all responses would be treated as responses, so that --

18 JUDGE BONOMY: But that didn't change the situation at all. These

19 are things we would have expected you to see, whether Coo was -- or

20 whether his report was going to be in evidence or whether it was going to

21 be regarded as a motion for the admission of documents.

22 MR. IVETIC: And we made the general objections when we made our

23 oral objections previously. These are just specifically tying them to

24 specific exhibits within -- so that we don't have to keep objecting every

25 two minutes during the direct examination they want to introduce documents

Page 12053

1 into evidence, so they're --

2 JUDGE BONOMY: I have prepared myself for this morning. I've

3 identified the documents to which objection was taken, and I take it that

4 these are additional to the ones that have been objected in the

5 submissions by Messrs. Pavkovic and Sainovic.

6 MR. IVETIC: They are not on that list; however, at least one -- I

7 think at least one of the documents was discussed yesterday and Your

8 Honours brought it to the attention of the Prosecution, so you may have

9 some of these documents already on your list depending on how it was

10 prepared. I know that there is one document that was the one that

11 unsigned, blank, not yet completed, a draft for some sort of an ambush

12 plan that we did discuss yesterday, which I don't know how it came into

13 discussion since I don't find it on the objections that were filed by the

14 other defendants.

15 JUDGE BONOMY: And this is confined, is it, to the latest list of

16 exhibits that the Prosecution seek to actually tender?

17 MR. IVETIC: That is correct, Your Honour.

18 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Sainovic -- sorry. Mr. Fila, I wonder if you

19 can assist with one matter. In paragraph 9 of the submission which you

20 made, while the submission challenges a large number of media reports, it

21 identifies two in particular, one relating to the documentary which

22 included the interview of Goran Radosavljevic and the other was an

23 interview of Blagoje Grahovac. Are both of these now removed from the

24 Prosecution's list, as far as you can see?

25 MR. FILA: Yes.

Page 12054

1 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

2 MR. FILA: [Interpretation] They are no longer there, and I would

3 like to thank Mr. Hannis because this is now a moot subject.

4 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Hannis, a number of items have been produced as

5 the result of requests for assistance. It would appear that some of the

6 material is simply presented without either the request or the response

7 being submitted. Now, that may be okay. I just want to be clear that

8 you've taken account of the possibility that in some instances the

9 position can only be fully explained as if either the RFA or its response

10 is there.

11 MR. HANNIS: I had intended to ask Mr. Coo about that live as to

12 the nature of the response -- of the request for assistance.

13 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

14 Now, do you have some other comment to make, Mr. Hannis?

15 MR. HANNIS: Yes, Your Honour, I wanted to address a few remarks

16 before we had the witness come in, and in light of the e-mail last night I

17 wanted to make sure my understanding was correct.

18 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, I'm going to deliver a decision at this

19 stage --

20 MR. HANNIS: Okay.

21 JUDGE BONOMY: -- and if you want to await that, you can then seek

22 clarification if something is not --

23 MR. HANNIS: I will, I'll wait.

24 JUDGE BONOMY: There is a Norwegian or Norse expression which

25 comes fairly close to describing the events surrounding the process of

Page 12055

1 getting to the point of hearing Mr. Coo give evidence, and that is a saga.

2 I need not go into the detail of that at this stage, save to indicate,

3 as I've already done in part, that a very considerable effort has been put

4 in by the Trial Chamber and support staff to try to make the production of

5 material by Mr. Coo a meaningful exercise and not simply an exercise of

6 tendering everything and anything that might have the remotest bearing on

7 the trial and leaving it to be sorted out later. Parties should know

8 clearly that what they may have to answer is material which has a genuine

9 bearing on the issues in this trial.

10 Having considered the report yet again, we have decided that it

11 should not be admitted as part of Mr. Coo's evidence. The interests of

12 justice militate against that, and therefore by applying Rules 92 ter and

13 89(F) we refuse to allow that process to supplement his evidence. And

14 that's largely because it still contains expressions of opinion that he is

15 not qualified to give, either because they are matters for the Court or

16 for an expert. It would be impractical to try to fillet the report by

17 deleting these items and -- at this stage in the proceedings.

18 In any event, the comments he can make, generally speaking, add

19 little to the documents themselves now. The Prosecution's principal

20 concern at this stage is to secure the admission of a large number of

21 documents about which Coo appears able to confirm the source and

22 authenticity, relevance and probative value. And by using these

23 expressions, I mean their prima facie authenticity, relevance, and

24 probative value.

25 Until I received Mr. Lukic's submission, I thought only a limited

Page 12056

1 number of these had been put in issue by the Defence. It now appears that

2 a larger number than we anticipated are put in issue.

3 The Trial Chamber already has written submissions from both sides

4 on all the documents. The report should be filed as part of the motion --

5 or as the motion for admission of the documents, as suggested yesterday by

6 Mr. Ackerman. Now, that requires no alteration of the document except its

7 status, and it's a purely administrative exercise. It will not form part

8 of the record of proceedings as we consider them ultimately at the stage

9 of 98 bis or final judgement.

10 The effect of our decision today is to require the Prosecution to

11 present any evidence they wish that goes beyond the submissions for

12 admission already made by leading Mr. Coo viva voce. We think, subject to

13 any objection that may be taken that it would be in order to introduce

14 through him the provenance report as a short-cut, and on the face of it,

15 also to introduce his February 2007 statement if you have that in mind.

16 It's the report that's the issue here and not these two documents, as I

17 understand the position. And if anyone from the Defence thinks otherwise,

18 they should say so before we start.

19 Having heard the evidence, the Trial Chamber will issue a written

20 decision determining the actual admission or rejection of the various

21 exhibits that the Prosecution now tender finally. And that decision will

22 be issued as soon as possible after the completion of the evidence, but by

23 that I mean very quickly. It will be issued this week; whether it's

24 tomorrow or Friday is the only question.

25 That's what I intended to say, Mr. Hannis. Does that answer your

Page 12057

1 questions or do you have something else to ask?

2 MR. HANNIS: It answers many of them, Your Honour, but I still do

3 have something to say, if I may, before Mr. Coo comes in.

4 With regard to the reports, they have been put into e-court now

5 and they have exhibit numbers. So for purposes of identification I just

6 wanted to state on the record what those were.

7 JUDGE BONOMY: What do you mean the reports?

8 MR. HANNIS: The -- Coo's report, part 1, part 2, and the

9 addendum --

10 JUDGE BONOMY: These should be removed from e-court.

11 MR. HANNIS: Okay.

12 JUDGE BONOMY: And they should become part of a submission to the

13 registry in support of the admission of the documents from the bar table,

14 as was suggested -- or at least -- just let me think about this a little

15 more.

16 Since they are submissions in support of the admission of these

17 documents, not strictly from the bar table, nevertheless they are a part

18 of material which should not be in the process here but should be re-filed

19 with the registry as a motion in support of your -- the admission of these

20 documents.

21 MR. HANNIS: Yes, Your Honour. I wondered about referring to

22 their numbers, P2858, 59, and 60, parts 1, 2, and the addendum, and having

23 them marked, not admitted, but then they are -- they become the

24 Prosecution's submission for the --

25 JUDGE BONOMY: No, I understand. The proper course to follow is

Page 12058

1 to have them re-filed as a motion for admission of these documents.

2 MR. HANNIS: Okay. We will do that.

3 JUDGE BONOMY: So it's a written -- essentially, it's a written

4 filing just like that made by Messrs. Ackerman, Fila, and Ivetic now in

5 support of their case resisting submission, and you would make the same

6 document available as a filing in support of the actual admission. And we

7 will confine consideration to the documents that you now seek to have

8 admitted and we will take account also in making our decision of the

9 evidence you lead from Mr. Coo, including the provenance report and the

10 statement of February 2007.

11 MR. HANNIS: Okay. I had --

12 JUDGE BONOMY: And they can both have exhibit numbers and will be

13 part of the process, the trial process -- the evidence, rather, in the

14 trial for us to consider.

15 MR. HANNIS: The provenance report does have an exhibit number of

16 2845 and the witness statement is now 2861.

17 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

18 MR. HANNIS: One thing that doesn't yet have an exhibit number is

19 the Excel spreadsheet that I e-mailed to you and the parties last night

20 which has 193 items listed. These are the ones that we are seeking

21 admission for, reduced from the original provenance report list.

22 JUDGE BONOMY: Yeah, just live me one second.

23 [Trial Chamber and legal officer confer]

24 JUDGE BONOMY: That document should be filed along with the report

25 as part of the motion.

Page 12059

1 MR. HANNIS: Okay. All right.

2 And then for purposes of our discussion today, I should tell Your

3 Honours and the parties that I went through that list of 193 this morning

4 and I identified I think five that we will drop from the list, and I can

5 announce that now so that we don't have any further discussion about

6 them. Number 3 is P986, a constitution. We're not going to pursue that

7 because there's a version of the constitution already in as part of the

8 agreed facts under P856. Item number 9 on the list Criminal Code of the

9 Republic of Serbia, that was previously admitted as an exhibit -- I'm

10 sorry, Your Honour, I have a list of numbers on mine but yours don't.

11 I'll just read the exhibit number. Exhibit Number 1023, we're no longer

12 seeking to admit; 1031 and 1064 was on the list but that was admitted I

13 think by your decision yesterday, according to my notes.

14 JUDGE BONOMY: I think I must have been saying it had already been

15 admitted yesterday. Is that the position?

16 MR. HANNIS: Maybe that's -- maybe that's correct.

17 JUDGE BONOMY: I don't think anything was admitted yesterday. I

18 think it was simply confirmed that two items had already been admitted.

19 MR. HANNIS: Was it yesterday Your Honour announced the decision

20 on bar table submission number 2.

21 JUDGE BONOMY: Oh, I see, yes.

22 MR. HANNIS: I think it was --

23 JUDGE BONOMY: You're referring to a different process. Yes.

24 Okay.

25 And the final one?

Page 12060

1 MR. HANNIS: That's it, Your Honour, I believe. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,

2 yes.

3 JUDGE BONOMY: I've only got four: 986, 1023, 1031, 1064.

4 MR. HANNIS: 1020 as well, Your Honour. That was previously

5 admitted on the 10th of October.

6 JUDGE BONOMY: And I think one item I overlooked, there is

7 attached to the notification of Mr. Coo's evidence another list of

8 exhibits to be tendered which is in addition to I think the main list. Is

9 that correct?

10 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, I think all of those now are covered.

11 Either they've already been admitted or they are ones that are attached as

12 an appendix to his witness statement.

13 JUDGE BONOMY: In fact, the only ones that matter are VJ General

14 Staff collegium minutes, because the first three are the report and the

15 fourth one is the provenance report and the fifth one is the statement of

16 the 27th of February.

17 MR. HANNIS: But if you go beyond past the VJ collegium minutes,

18 there are some other minutes beginning with --

19 JUDGE BONOMY: Oh, yes. Sorry.

20 MR. HANNIS: -- 2801, but those are attached to his statement, and

21 we will be seeking to tender those as well. I indicated that in the

22 e-mail that we sent last night I think.

23 JUDGE BONOMY: Yeah. But these are then additional to the list of

24 190 or so minus five that you've now given us?

25 MR. HANNIS: Yes, these are in addition to the 188 now remaining

Page 12061

1 on this list.

2 JUDGE BONOMY: All right. So is that it?

3 MR. HANNIS: Well, yes, Your Honour. I had proposed putting his

4 provenance report in, his witness statement pursuant to 92 ter, but I can

5 lead him live about that if --

6 JUDGE BONOMY: No, no. The provenance report, I'm suggesting to

7 you would be admissible 92 ter.

8 MR. HANNIS: Okay.

9 JUDGE BONOMY: And I saw shake -- nodding heads from the Defence.

10 MR. HANNIS: Okay.

11 JUDGE BONOMY: And the statement itself.

12 MR. HANNIS: Likewise?


14 MR. HANNIS: That's what I propose.


16 MR. HANNIS: Okay.

17 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, that's perfectly acceptable.

18 So we can now have Mr. Coo -- sorry, no. Mr. Ackerman.

19 MR. ACKERMAN: Your Honour, very briefly. The Coo 65 ter document

20 and your ruling, there is some tension between the two of them and I'm

21 satisfied that Your Honour has noticed that and that his testimony will be

22 in accordance with your ruling today --

23 JUDGE BONOMY: Yeah. We followed --

24 MR. ACKERMAN: But there is tension there.

25 JUDGE BONOMY: We followed your invitation yesterday to treat it

Page 12062

1 as a motion, conscious of the possibility that there is tension between

2 looking at material for one purpose and being sure that you exclude it

3 from your mind for another purpose, but we thought that your suggestion

4 was an admirable way of making clear the distinction --

5 MR. ACKERMAN: I agree with that, Your Honour.

6 JUDGE BONOMY: -- and removing the point of confusion that would

7 otherwise have existed, and everyone seemed to accept that was

8 appropriate. Mr. Hannis didn't, I acknowledge, because he still

9 considered that the report was a better way of doing it -- of presenting

10 the evidence, but I'm -- I was hoping that this was a very transparent way

11 of ensuring that the evidence was confined to the evidence.

12 MR. ACKERMAN: No question about that and I think I've probably

13 been misunderstood again, which seems to happen to me a lot; it's probably

14 my advanced age. But in any event, Your Honour, the 65 ter filing that

15 says -- the Prosecution tells you what they're going to elicit from Coo

16 tends to be in conflict with your ruling and I don't want to make a big

17 argument about that at this point. I just wanted to point out that I had

18 noticed that too.

19 JUDGE BONOMY: But what do you mean by -- what is the conflict

20 you've identified if it's not what I've just mentioned?

21 MR. ACKERMAN: There's a 65 ter filing where they give a summary

22 of what it is they are going to elicit from Coo, and they say that he will

23 describe the organisation, operations, and conduct of the forces of the

24 FRY and Serbia that were active in Kosovo during the time-period relevant

25 to the indictment, will demonstrate the widespread and systematic nature

Page 12063

1 of their operations, detail the structure and function of the VJ and MUP

2 forces present in Kosovo, the command and control of the VJ forces in

3 Kosovo, the unity of command, uninterrupted chain of command and

4 functioning system of discipline --

5 JUDGE BONOMY: But if you are successful in keeping out things

6 that it is said a witness is going to speak about, then the success of

7 your opposition will be reflected in the restricted nature of his

8 evidence. Inevitably the 65 ter will then be out of line with it, but as

9 soon as I leave court after having heard his evidence, this goes in the

10 shredder.

11 MR. ACKERMAN: Okay. Thank you. I understand that --

12 JUDGE BONOMY: It's not part of my thought process when it comes

13 to looking at the evidence.

14 MR. ACKERMAN: I want to sit down, Your Honour.

15 MR. PETROVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour.

16 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Petrovic.

17 MR. PETROVIC: [Interpretation] I apologise for taking the floor.

18 At this point I would kindly seek an explanation as far as I understood.

19 By your decision, the statement by witness Philip Coo has been entered

20 into evidence as 2861. I would like to say that there is an addendum to

21 this statement which I can't see in the e-court, but in its essence the

22 addendum is something that we have discussed on many occasions. It seems

23 to me that pages from 5 through 10 of the statement actually is the report

24 and not what was your idea when you decided to admit his statement for

25 other reasons, and this is what I wanted to draw attention to.

Page 12064

1 JUDGE BONOMY: What I'm referring to as his statement is a

2 document which is only four pages followed by an appendix; it's not the

3 addendum to the report. And the decision we've made did not admit the

4 report; it invited Mr. Hannis to withdraw the report in its two parts and

5 the addendum from e-court and re-file all three as part of his motion in

6 support of admission of these various documents.

7 MR. PETROVIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, this is exactly the

8 explanation that I was seeking. Thank you very much.

9 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

10 Please bring Mr. Coo in now.

11 [Trial Chamber confers]

12 [The witness entered court]

13 JUDGE BONOMY: Good morning, Mr. Coo.

14 THE WITNESS: Good morning, Your Honour.

15 JUDGE BONOMY: We -- it won't surprise you to know we had a few

16 continuing administrative issues to sort out in relation to your

17 evidence. I think we're now ready to hear it, so could you please make

18 the solemn declaration to speak the truth by reading aloud the document

19 which will now be placed before you.

20 THE WITNESS: I solemnly declare that I will speak the truth, the

21 whole truth, and nothing but the truth.

22 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you. Please be seated.

23 Mr. Hannis will be the first to examine you.

24 Mr. Hannis.

25 MR. HANNIS: Thank you.

Page 12065


2 Examination by Mr. Hannis:

3 Q. Good morning, Mr. Coo. I know you've testified in this building

4 before, and because we both speak English will you try and help me

5 remember to leave a pause between my questions and your answers and vice

6 versa for the sake of the interpreters and the court reporter.

7 A. I will.

8 Q. Can you tell us your name for the record, please.

9 A. It's Philip Coo.

10 Q. And how are you currently employed?

11 A. I'm employed by the Office of the Prosecutor as the head of the

12 military analysis team.

13 Q. How long have you worked for the OTP?

14 A. For almost eight years now.

15 Q. When you started, what was your position?

16 A. I began as an intelligence analyst in the same section.

17 Q. When did you get promoted to your current position?

18 A. I became the acting head of the section in August 2004, and act --

19 and the head of the section in January 2005.

20 Q. And prior to joining the OTP, can you tell us what your work

21 experience was and in particular any military service.

22 A. Before joining the OTP, I was an intelligence officer in the

23 Canadian Army for ten years and had a variety of appointments during that

24 ten years.

25 Q. Now, in connection with your evidence for this case I want to

Page 12066

1 refer you to two documents. The first one is a provenance report that you

2 prepared. It's dated the 14th of February, 2007. Have you had a chance

3 to look at that before coming to court today?

4 A. I have.

5 Q. And are you satisfied that the information contained in that

6 document is true and accurate to the best of your information and belief?

7 A. Yes, I am.

8 Q. And can you attest to the Court today that that is your evidence

9 and you would give the same answers if you were asked questions about it

10 today?

11 A. Yes, I can.

12 Q. Also, did you prepare a document entitled "Witness Statement of

13 OTP Military Analyst Philip Coo" dated the 27th of February of this year?

14 A. I did.

15 Q. Likewise, did you have a chance to review it before coming to

16 court?

17 A. Yes, I did.

18 Q. And same question: Are you satisfied it's true and accurate, it

19 amounts to your declaration, your evidence in this case, and you would

20 give the same answers if you were asked questions about its contents?

21 A. Yes, I am.

22 MR. HANNIS: With that, Your Honour, we would tender those two

23 items. The provenance report is Exhibit P2845, the witness statement is

24 Exhibit P2861, pursuant to Rule 92 ter.

25 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

Page 12067


2 Q. Mr. Coo, in the course of your work in connection with this case,

3 we all know that you prepared a report that had two parts and an addendum,

4 which now is going to be treated as the Prosecution's submission to admit

5 exhibits selected therefrom and related thereto. I want to ask you in

6 general about the document-collection process related to this Kosovo

7 case.

8 First of all, can you tell me when OTP began collecting documents

9 relating to the Kosovo conflict.

10 A. To my knowledge, the collecting began immediately upon the entry

11 of KFOR into Kosovo after the end of the period of NATO bombing in June

12 1999. I had joined the OTP in -- at the end of May 1999, and presumably

13 they had done some collecting prior to that but not that I was involved

14 in.

15 Q. Okay. And who was involved in that process beginning in June of

16 1999?

17 A. A large number of people within the OTP, investigators, lawyers,

18 and analysts. I was involved in some of the missions to collect documents

19 in Kosovo.

20 Q. And you mentioned missions, so how was that collection process

21 done, physically speaking?

22 A. Once the Serb forces had withdrawn from Kosovo, the members of the

23 OTP followed KFOR in there and visited a variety of sites looking for

24 documents. The sites included VJ facilities, MUP facilities, and

25 municipal offices and a variety of other official buildings.

Page 12068

1 Q. And where did it take place? You say "Kosovo." Was it limited to

2 one area of Kosovo?

3 A. It was all over Kosovo, to my awareness. I can't say that it

4 included every municipality, but as far as I know, they covered most of

5 Kosovo.

6 Q. And in broad terms, what kinds of evidence or documents were

7 collected in that process?

8 A. We collected a number of VJ documents, documents belonging to the

9 Military Territorial Organisation from the Pristina Military District, MUP

10 documents from MUP buildings, documents from the temporary Executive

11 Council, a civilian body in Kosovo; and a miscellany of other types of

12 documents.

13 Q. In addition to proactively going out and collecting documents, did

14 the OTP investigators involved in this process also have materials given

15 to them?

16 A. Some investigators did in -- during the conduct of their

17 investigations were given documents. I think this was a relatively small

18 number, and I'm not aware of the details. Some of the details are evident

19 in the way that the evidence is registered in our evidence unit.

20 Q. And over approximately what time period did this physical

21 evidence-collection process in Kosovo extend from June 1999?

22 A. The -- the bulk of it occurred in the summer of 1999, in

23 July -- late June, July, and August, and missions continued through the

24 rest of 1999 and into 2000, by which time the number of buildings or

25 locations to exploit was declining.

Page 12069

1 Q. So in addition and subsequent to this process, what other methods

2 were employed to try and obtain documentation about that conflict?

3 A. We drafted requests for assistance to various states, but in

4 particular to the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and its successor states

5 asking for specific categories of documents.

6 Q. This is an acronym that we used a lot during the course of this

7 trial, RFA, does that stand for request for assistance?

8 A. That's correct.

9 Q. And can you tell the Judges a little bit about how that process

10 works in general terms.

11 A. The -- the investigation team or trial team associated with a

12 particular case identifies the types of information it thinks that it

13 needs and drafts an official request sent to the state on behalf of the

14 Prosecutor requesting that they provide the information or the documents

15 in question. In some cases we have to try to figure out what types of

16 documents they would have -- not in every case did we know the specific

17 types of documents, so in some cases the requests were relatively broad.

18 Q. And do you know how the process works once the request is drafted

19 and sent out from the OTP? Do you know where it goes and how it's

20 handled?

21 A. Once it's drafted, I believe it goes to the -- through the embassy

22 in The Hague to the -- to Belgrade. This is in particular to requests

23 going to the former Yugoslavia or Serbia. The request goes to Belgrade,

24 where they send it to the appropriate organisation and if they have the

25 document or the information requested, hopefully -- and they have provided

Page 12070

1 those documents in the forms of official responses, which work their way

2 back through the same pathway back to the OTP.

3 Q. Are you familiar with a body called the commission for cooperation

4 with The Hague in Serbia?

5 A. I have heard of that body, yes.

6 Q. Okay. Do you know of the nature of its involvement in this

7 process?

8 A. I believe it's a coordinating body, through which our requests for

9 assistance and their responses pass.

10 Q. In addition to trying to obtain materials pursuant to the RFA

11 process, have you or other members of the investigating team from the OTP

12 engaged in missions to archives in Serbia?

13 A. We -- we have. We managed to get archive access in -- arranged in

14 late March 2006 to the archives in Serbia. These included the MUP and the

15 VJ. That archive access was actually followed up by mission to the VJ and

16 the MUP archives in May and June 2006.

17 Q. Had there been attempts prior to 2006 to try and get physical

18 access to those archives?

19 A. There had been a number of attempts, and a number of times we put

20 in RFAs that we could facilitate the provision of material if they would

21 allow us access to archives because sometimes the responses to requests

22 for assistance were that our requests were overly broad.

23 Q. Did you participate in any of these archive missions yourself?

24 A. I participated in the first archive mission in June -- late

25 May/June 2006 and a second archive mission in August 2006.

Page 12071

1 Q. And to where did you go on those occasions?

2 A. On the first mission we went to the MUP archive, although I

3 hesitate to call it an archive. It was a -- we were shown to a collection

4 of documents that we had been told had been compiled expressly for the

5 purpose of consolidating all documentation that the MUP had in connection

6 to Kosovo in 1998/1999, and the MUP told us that the collection was called

7 the dossier KiM or dossier Kosovo and Metohija.

8 Q. And you say you hesitate to use the term "archive." Why is that?

9 A. This wasn't the archive for all of the Ministry of the Interior in

10 Serbia. It was a collection, and we had been told by the person heading

11 the archive at that time -- correction, by the person responsible for the

12 dossier KiM that the collection had been put together on the order of

13 General Sreten Lukic in 2001.

14 Q. And who was the person who told you that?

15 A. If I remember correctly, it was a Colonel Milan Petrovic, who is a

16 MUP officer.

17 Q. Can you give the Court a general description of what this

18 collection consisted of.

19 A. It's in a -- the collection, Your Honours, is in a relatively

20 small room. At a rough guess it's probably 20 square metres. The

21 documentation is arranged in ceiling-height cupboards around the

22 perimeters of the room. They have an electronic log of the documents. We

23 were allowed to peruse the log and the documents themselves. They had a

24 staff of I think about five people managing the collection, and it's

25 located in the Serbian Ministry of the Interior building in Belgrade.

Page 12072

1 Q. And the information you were told was that this was the complete

2 collection of MUP documents concerning Kosovo and Metohija?

3 A. We were told that that was the idea behind the collection. There

4 was some missing -- in our view, some missing documents were documents

5 that we would have expected to have seen in there which weren't.

6 Q. Can you tell us what was missing that you would have expected to

7 have been in that collection.

8 A. We were expecting to see references or documentation covering, for

9 example, operations by the special police units or PJP. We were expecting

10 also to see daily reports produced by the MUP staff in Kosovo. We already

11 had a few of those that we'd collected in Kosovo in 1999 and were looking

12 for the remained of them, but we didn't find those when we reviewed the

13 registry -- the dossier.

14 Q. Did you inquire of the personnel that you were dealing with there

15 about the absence of those particular types of documents?

16 A. We did, and we were told, not specific to these documents, but

17 generally in regard to missing documents that it was possible that some

18 documentation remained in the Secretariats of the Interior, or SUPs, which

19 had been moved out of Kosovo and into parts of southern Serbia.

20 Q. Subsequent to that time, did you make any attempts to try and

21 locate those type of documents in the SUPs or obtain them from the SUPs

22 through RFAs?

23 A. We did a follow-up mission in August, primarily to review more MUP

24 documentation and this mission was to address these -- to address the fact

25 that we didn't believe that the dossier KiM was -- represented all the

Page 12073

1 Kosovo-related documents. We asked to be shown any other -- or be allowed

2 to review documentation in any other departments of the MUP, and on that

3 mission in August 19 -- August 2006, we were taken around various

4 departments within the MUP in Belgrade where we were shown a very small

5 number of remaining documents pertaining to 1998 and 1999.

6 Q. Did you on this mission locate any of those types of documents

7 that you had expected to find in the collection?

8 A. We didn't find anything along the lines of the daily reports of

9 the MUP staff or any documentation connected to PJP operations. What we

10 found were primarily administrative-type reports and a very small number.

11 These weren't -- these weren't archives of the departments that we were

12 shown to. We were generally shown binders -- a small number of binders or

13 folders containing documents.

14 Q. Now, subsequent to that did you make any inquiries about the

15 existence of such documents and where they might be?

16 A. It hasn't been pursued to my knowledge further than that because

17 we were told that we'd been provided everything that they have and shown

18 everything that they have in relation to Kosovo.

19 JUDGE BONOMY: Does that mean there have been no RFAs since March

20 2006?

21 THE WITNESS: There were RFAs, Your Honour, but not, to my

22 knowledge, since August 2006, save for a couple of very specific ones but

23 not connected to these MUP documents.

24 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.


Page 12074

1 Q. And in that answer you're referring to RFAs regarding MUP

2 documents. There have been other RFAs?

3 A. There have been. There was one RFA connected to MUP documents

4 after August 2006, but that was -- that was merely part of the process we

5 have to go through for requesting documents, which is when we see

6 something in an archive or in a MUP office that we'd like, we then have to

7 come back here and draft an RFA requesting it.

8 Q. I don't recall, Mr. Coo, if you were aware or had seen any

9 pleadings that had been filed in this case by the Lukic Defence concerning

10 their efforts to obtain documents from the MUP.

11 A. I have a vague recollection of one, I think.

12 Q. Do you recall whether that one indicated that they had received

13 any materials that you had previously sought and not been able to obtain?

14 A. I don't remember.

15 Q. Okay. Now, with regard to the VJ, did you partake in an archive

16 mission to the VJ in 2006?

17 A. We did in part of the same mission in May/June 2006. After we'd

18 finished reviewing the dossier KiM in the MUP building, we went to the VJ

19 Military History Institute archive in Belgrade. This was located in a

20 temporary location, in the basement of the military high school after its

21 previous location -- because its previous location had been bombed during

22 the NATO bombing period.

23 Q. Okay.

24 A. This resembled what we expected of an archive.

25 Q. And could you explain what you mean by that answer. In what way

Page 12075

1 was it different than what you described about the MUP?

2 A. It had the contemporaneous registers of archive holdings, and it

3 had the -- it was the complete collection or seemed to be the complete

4 collection of all VJ and JNA documentation, we were told, since 1945, but

5 we were interested in 1998/1999 and it seemed to have what we were looking

6 for, for the most part.

7 Q. Okay. Thank you.

8 I want to, before I move on to some questions about other types of

9 information -- or other sources of documents that are on the list of

10 documents that the Prosecution is proposing to tender, I want to ask you

11 about your witness statement. There is an appendix attached to that

12 including a number of documents that are now marked as Exhibits 2801

13 through 2813 as well as some other items that had already been tendered or

14 had numbers. That regards VJ collegium minutes.

15 These documents are documents that were most recently received?

16 A. That's correct, Your Honour. The VJ collegium minutes were

17 received I think in late 2005/2006 in response to an RFA. It took a while

18 to get these translated.

19 Q. And in the heading to that appendix you indicate that the items on

20 this list in the appendix that start with the ERN of K053 were ones that

21 were selected from your archives missions in the summer of 2006?

22 A. That's correct, and they took until the end of October 2006 to be

23 handed over to us.

24 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Hannis, these don't appear on the annex that I

25 have to the statement, but they do appear on the 65 ter list.

Page 12076

1 MR. HANNIS: Yes, Your Honour. I think at the time his statement

2 was prepared on the -- was it the 27th of February? - they had not yet

3 received an exhibit number. I can advise the Court now on the record what

4 those exhibit numbers are or provide another document. What I propose --

5 JUDGE BONOMY: You've just given them, but the ones I have on that

6 list all have exhibit numbers in the 900s.

7 MR. HANNIS: The ones that do have numbers --

8 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, none of them don't.

9 MR. HANNIS: Is that -- I may be looking at a different --

10 JUDGE BONOMY: It's an administrative matter, but it's to ensure

11 that nothing is omitted here by oversight.

12 MR. HANNIS: Can I ask Your Honour what the first document you

13 have on the list is. Is it a war diary?


15 MR. HANNIS: Does it have an exhibit number?

16 JUDGE BONOMY: It doesn't, but all the VJ collegium documents --

17 MR. HANNIS: Yes.

18 JUDGE BONOMY: -- minutes do have exhibit numbers.

19 MR. HANNIS: Yes.

20 JUDGE BONOMY: And I thought that's what your question was

21 confined to.

22 MR. HANNIS: No, Your Honour, I am referring to the ones that an

23 ERN of K053 which start from the third item on the list were items that

24 were recovered during the archive mission. Do you see the third item, the

25 MUP staff meeting of 16 February 1999 has a ERN of K053-4095.

Page 12077


2 MR. HANNIS: I was referring to those.

3 JUDGE BONOMY: Just give me a second.

4 MR. HANNIS: But what I propose to do, Your Honour, is attach the

5 appendix to my list of what is now 188 items and include it with the

6 submission.

7 JUDGE BONOMY: I've misunderstood your question now that I re-read

8 it. You are saying the collegium minutes do have numbers and the others

9 don't.

10 MR. HANNIS: Correct.

11 JUDGE BONOMY: I'm sorry.

12 MR. HANNIS: No problem. Thank you.

13 Q. And in your appendix, Mr. Coo, you do list some remarks about the

14 relevancy of those items and you explain the provenance, so I'll ask you

15 nothing more about that now. With regard to your provenance report, there

16 were originally, I think, 400-some items on that list. We've now reduced

17 it to 188. And the last column in that report is entitled: "MAT

18 comments" what does MAT stand for?

19 A. That's the military analysis team.

20 Q. Okay. And these are your comments about where these documents

21 came from and comments about the authenticity. Is that correct?

22 A. That's correct.

23 Q. They appear to break down into five or six general categories, and

24 let me ask you about that. You do describe this in your provenance

25 report. A number of them are received pursuant to RFAs; correct?

Page 12078

1 A. That's correct.

2 Q. There are a few official documents such as gazettes or decrees.

3 There are a number of items listed as being acquired during the document

4 exploitation mission to Kosovo. Is that the first thing you were telling

5 us about how these documents were collected?

6 A. That's correct.

7 Q. Okay. And then there are some unofficial or public sources, such

8 as media reports, newspaper items, et cetera.

9 A. That's correct.

10 Q. Have I -- and you also mention web sites. Let me ask you about

11 the web sites. The two that I recall you obtained documents from are what

12 you described as the official VJ web site and the official MUP site. Can

13 you explain to the Court a little bit about that. How did you find the

14 official VJ web site, when did that happen, and what information do you

15 have to give the Court some assurance that it is what it purported to be?

16 A. I don't recall, Your Honours, how I first became aware of the web

17 sites, but I felt that they were the official web sites or I had no reason

18 to believe otherwise because the information on them appeared to be

19 corroborated by other documentation that we had. It was relatively

20 innocuous for the most part. References to, for example, the mandate of

21 the VJ derived from the constitution, diagrams of the rank system, and

22 another link to press releases.

23 Q. Was this web site in English?

24 A. It had both English and VJ -- sorry, B/C/S.

25 Q. And you downloaded those items that are on your list of documents

Page 12079

1 that were used in connection with preparation of your reports?

2 A. That's correct. I saved electronic copies and printed off hard

3 copies.

4 Q. Okay. You may have stated this in your answer, but did the

5 information -- the contents conform with other information you had from VJ

6 documents or from VJ witnesses that you may have interviewed?

7 A. Yes, they did.

8 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Coo, if we look at the web site -- these web

9 sites today, are they in any different form, generally speaking, from the

10 form in which you initially discovered them and have subsequently looked

11 at them?

12 THE WITNESS: Yes, Your Honour, they've changed. They're now the

13 Army of Serbia. I looked yesterday and it's the Army of Serbia web site.

14 I couldn't find -- and I asked a B/C/S speaker to see if they could find

15 any archived information from the time I checked, and they couldn't.

16 JUDGE BONOMY: And so far as the MUP archive is concerned, is it

17 any different from what it was before -- the MUP web site?

18 THE WITNESS: The same goes for the MUP web site, too, Your

19 Honour, it's now slightly different. I didn't check it yesterday. I had

20 checked it a few times after I downloaded the information, and at those

21 times it still contained the same information --

22 JUDGE BONOMY: I think these addresses ended ".yu." Has that

23 changed?

24 THE WITNESS: When I typed in "VJ" I think, Your Honour, it was

25 vj.yu yesterday. It remained vj.yu but automatically directed me to the

Page 12080

1 new Army of Serbia web site, but I can't be certain about that.

2 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.


4 Q. And with connection to the MUP web site, the documents you

5 downloaded from there, did the content likewise show itself to be

6 consistent with other information you had from other MUP documents or

7 interviews of MUP witnesses?

8 A. Yes, it did.

9 Q. Was there anything to indicate to you that the information

10 obtained from the web site was incorrect?

11 A. Not the information I reviewed, Your Honours.

12 Q. And again, the nature of the documents from the web sites that you

13 have included in your report, what types of matters does that relate to?

14 Is that information about any operations that were conducted, for example?

15 A. They did have, from my recollection, some references to

16 operations. I don't believe I downloaded that information. The type of

17 information I downloaded were references to the mandate of the VJ, the

18 descriptions of its structure, and the roles of different types of units

19 and one or two press releases or press statements. And with the MUP web

20 site, I downloaded similar information but also including references to

21 the -- the information they had on the number of MUP killed or wounded in

22 Kosovo in 1998 and 1999.

23 Q. Now, one other general area of documents or provenance for

24 documents on your list are several that are identified as having been

25 received by the Prosecutor, Mrs. Del Ponte, from either Zoran Djindjic or

Page 12081

1 General Pavkovic in July 2002. What can you tell us about that?

2 A. I wasn't involved directly in this but was told around the time

3 that -- by the investigation team leader dealing with Kosovo at that time

4 that General Pavkovic had given a collection of documents to the

5 Prosecutor on a visit that she had to Belgrade in 2002. Prime Minister

6 Djindjic was handed part of this package by General Pavkovic, according to

7 the written note taken at the time by the Prosecutor's political advisor.

8 The other package, I believe, according to the note was handed later the

9 same day directly by General Pavkovic to the Prosecutor.

10 Q. And you've reviewed most or all of those documents that were

11 received on that occasion?

12 A. Yes, I have.

13 Q. And in terms of the -- their appearance and regularity, do you

14 have any comment you can make to the Court about that?

15 A. As far as I can tell, they looked like official VJ documents,

16 primarily operational reports, such as orders issued in 1998 and 1999.

17 Also included in the package was a large document known as the -- the war

18 diary of the 3rd Army forward command post. And finally I think the --

19 the only other document falling outside the VJ operational reports

20 category was the minutes of the Joint Command covering July to October

21 1998.

22 JUDGE BONOMY: Had General Pavkovic been indicted by then?

23 THE WITNESS: I don't believe he had. He had just finished as

24 Chief of the General Staff at that point.


Page 12082

1 Q. Thank you. Now I want to ask you about some of the RFAs. I think

2 there are four or five different RFA numbers in the list of documents in

3 your provenance report. One number that appears quite often is 0119 and

4 in some places it has a letter after it such as E or F and sometimes

5 there's a reference to VJ combat reports. Can you tell the Court what

6 that request for assistance was and to whom it was addressed?

7 A. Your Honours, this was the -- essentially the original request to

8 Yugoslavia and its successor states aimed at getting VJ documentation.

9 There were a series of refinements to the original RFA 119, hence the

10 lettering from A to F I think, and these refinements reflected both an

11 increase in our knowledge about the types of documentation that the VJ was

12 producing, but also the refinements were connected to 54 bis proceedings

13 in the Milosevic case and the -- the assertions from Yugoslavia or Serbia

14 that our requests were too broad. So in response to this, we attempted to

15 refine the requests.

16 Q. Another one is 0174. Do you recall what that's for? At least a

17 couple of them make a reference to Joint Command.

18 A. That RFA dealt specifically with documentation of the Joint

19 Command which we were seeking in, I believe -- or since 2002.

20 Q. Now, while we're talking about that, can you tell us what your

21 experience was in trying to obtain Joint Command documents. Did you have

22 any difficulty in that process?

23 A. It was quite a torturous process. We first requested the

24 documentation in 2002. The response, I believe, to that request was that

25 the Joint Command ceased to exist after October 1998 and the documentation

Page 12083

1 had been destroyed by NATO bombing. We subsequently came across -- we had

2 additional information to believe that this wasn't the case because we --

3 we believed that NATO bombing wouldn't have destroyed Joint Command

4 documentation being produced during the NATO bombing period itself,

5 because those documents wouldn't have been handed in to the archive, which

6 had allegedly been bombed in Belgrade.

7 So we continued pushing for a better response. At some point

8 we -- we were provided with a 17 April 1999 General Staff suggestion

9 directed at the 3rd Army. That suggestion cited a Joint Command order of

10 the 15th of April, 1999. I believe we requested that 15 April Joint

11 Command order specifically and with no success. We then inserted the

12 reference to this Joint Command order into a bigger request for I think

13 about 75 or so VJ documents, and the response to that request included the

14 15 April Joint Command order.

15 We then proceeded to use this 15 April Joint Command order as

16 evidence that the documentation had not been destroyed by NATO bombing and

17 continued to press through 54 bis proceedings in Milosevic and through

18 RFAs for the provision of Joint Command documents.

19 Q. Thank you.

20 MR. HANNIS: Your Honours, I would indicate that the 17 April 1999

21 suggestion from the General Staff is Exhibit P1487, already in evidence,

22 and I don't have a reference to the 15 April Joint Command order but I

23 believe that is also in evidence already.

24 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

25 MR. HANNIS: But I need to check that one.

Page 12084

1 Q. A couple of other RFA numbers, if you can tell us, 309. There are

2 a number of documents that appear on the list related -- or identified as

3 responses to that one.

4 A. I don't recall what the subject was. I -- it might have been MUP.

5 Q. Yeah, a number of them do appear to make reference to MUP.

6 Another number is 1016 and there's a reference to VJ brigade reports.

7 A. I think 1016 was drafted in response to documentation that was

8 provided in the Defence phase of Milosevic through Defence witnesses, but

9 I'm not positive.

10 Q. A higher number would indicate that that was later in time?

11 A. That's correct.

12 Q. Now, the remaining category or body of documents are ones that are

13 listed as having been either received by an investigator from the OTP - I

14 think there are a handful of those with no further information - and the

15 ones as listed as having been recovered during the document exploitation

16 mission and -- or acquired during a post-war OTP document exploitation

17 mission to Kosovo, oftentimes with no further details. Can you tell the

18 Judges any other general considerations you took into account in

19 connection with those documents to satisfy yourself about their

20 reliability and suitability to be included in your initial report.

21 A. Your Honours, I looked for official stamps, signatures,

22 indications that an official format was being followed. I also looked at

23 the contents of the documents and, as often as possible, tried to group

24 documents with similar information or corroborating information together

25 in my report. And generally, these were acquired independently of one

Page 12085

1 another. I couldn't see any -- in any of the documents acquired in the --

2 through these two means from witnesses -- correction -- from individuals

3 handing them to investigators or from members of the OTP collecting

4 documents from various facilities in Kosovo. I couldn't see any

5 indication that -- to suggest that these were forged or had been tampered

6 with. For the most part, the information in these documents was quite --

7 quite mundane or innocuous and didn't strike me as the type of information

8 that anyone intent on misleading us would bother forging.

9 Q. Did --

10 JUDGE BONOMY: Are there any being tendered that you harbour some

11 doubt about?

12 THE WITNESS: I can't think of any, Your Honour.

13 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

14 Mr. Hannis.


16 Q. And does that go for as well -- I think there are about two or

17 three as -- listed as having been received or obtained at the UCK

18 headquarters, perhaps received from somebody from the KLA. Does that fact

19 alone give you cause for concern about the authenticity of those

20 documents?

21 A. It would give me normally cause for concern, but I believe -- I

22 can't remember exactly what documents those were. I don't believe that

23 those were the documents that had the information of a kind that would be

24 forged or intended to mislead. The only document I'm aware of that anyone

25 thought might be a forgery was a list with, I believe, an introductory

Page 12086

1 sentence saying: Names of Albanians to be liquidated, and as far as I'm

2 aware that wasn't used -- that definitely wasn't used by me and hasn't

3 been an exhibit in this case.

4 Q. Yes.

5 MR. HANNIS: I can confirm to the Court that document has not been

6 presented in our case.

7 Q. All right. And did you also look at these documents based on your

8 knowledge or experience of other known VJ and MUP and political documents

9 with an eye to the form and style of how they were prepared?

10 A. I did. A lot of these -- although a lot of these documents were

11 incorporated into my original Milosevic report before we had the number of

12 documents that we do from, for example, the VJ archive, nonetheless I

13 think the -- the format of most of these documents corresponded to the

14 type of format you would expect of, for example, a military order or a

15 military daily combat report. They had the types of subheadings that I

16 would expect that I've seen in the Canadian Army's and other armies'

17 combat reports.

18 Q. And with the passage of time which -- I take it you've had a

19 chance to look at hundreds or thousands of additional documents that the

20 provenance is well-known. Is there anything to indicate that those

21 documents discovered in the document exploitation mission are not

22 authentic because they're different in form or style?

23 A. Nothing to my knowledge, Your Honour.

24 Q. One other general area that there are a handful of documents, a

25 few that were presented as Defence exhibits in the Milosevic case. I

Page 12087

1 think most of them on our list are ones that were brought in by

2 then-General Delic. Are you satisfied as to the authenticity of those?

3 A. The ones that I've used -- that I did use in my report, as far as

4 I can tell, appear to be authentic.

5 Q. Thank you.

6 A. There are hundreds of others that I haven't really reviewed.

7 Q. All right. Thank you.

8 MR. HANNIS: Your Honours, I have no more questions for Mr. Coo.

9 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you, Mr. Hannis.

10 Mr. O'Sullivan.

11 MR. O'SULLIVAN: Can we have a very short break to discuss -- in

12 fact, it may help us reduce our questions down to a minimum?

13 JUDGE BONOMY: Yeah, we can break now and begin again at quarter

14 to, I think, if that's convenient.

15 Mr. Coo, the usher will escort you from the court and show you

16 where you should wait while we have the break.

17 [The witness stands down].

18 JUDGE BONOMY: We shall resume at 10.45.

19 --- Recess taken at 10.21 a.m.

20 --- On resuming at 10.45 a.m.

21 [The witness takes the stand]

22 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. O'Sullivan.

23 MR. O'SULLIVAN: Your Honour, we will follow the indictment, and I

24 have no questions.

25 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

Page 12088

1 Mr. Fila.

2 MR. FILA: [Interpretation] Same here, Your Honour.

3 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Visnjic.

4 MR. VISNJIC: No questions, Your Honour.

5 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Ackerman.

6 MR. ACKERMAN: Your Honour, we have no questions.

7 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Bakrac.

8 MR. BAKRAC: [Interpretation] No questions, Your Honour.

9 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Ivetic.

10 MR. IVETIC: No questions for this witness, Your Honour.

11 [Trial Chamber confers]

12 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, the saga has ended, Mr. Coo.

13 THE WITNESS: Thank you, Your Honour.

14 JUDGE BONOMY: Your evidence is complete; thank you for coming to

15 give it. You're now free to leave the courtroom.

16 THE WITNESS: Thank you, Your Honour.

17 [The witness withdrew]

18 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Visnjic.

19 MR. VISNJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, we have another

20 proposal or submission. I have already agreed about that with Mr. Hannis,

21 but we waited until the last moment for some translations; however, the

22 CLSS let us down. Still, we would like to tender three records of senior

23 staff meetings of the General Staff of the Army of Yugoslavia. Those are

24 3D557, 3D558, and 3D559. Those are senior staff meetings of the 3rd

25 December 1998, 6th January 1999, and 28th January 1999. The first

Page 12089

1 exhibit, 3D557, a senior staff meeting of the 3rd December, has been

2 translated and it's in the system. The second exhibit, 3D558, the senior

3 staff meeting of the 6th of January, we only have the original in B/C/S

4 and we are expecting a translation from the CLSS. And the third exhibit,

5 3D559, the senior staff meeting of the 28th of January, has an original in

6 B/C/S in the system and we are expecting the translation, the deadline was

7 yesterday, and we hope we will get it today. We believe that the CLSS is

8 also snowed under, but we hope that we will get the translations of these

9 two exhibits before the end of this day.

10 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

11 Mr. Hannis, your position on these?

12 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, I had discussed that with Mr. Visnjic.

13 We have no objections. A number of these are already in. As we

14 indicated, Your Honours, finding the most relevant bits sometimes is not

15 always easy, but I think, often times oftentimes it's necessary to read

16 the whole meeting to get a sense of it.

17 JUDGE BONOMY: The effect of introducing these, though, at this

18 stage with your consent is that they form part of the picture we'll be

19 looking at in 98 bis? You accept that?

20 MR. HANNIS: I do.

21 JUDGE BONOMY: Yeah. Well, we'll admit the first one, 3D557, and

22 the other two will be marked for identification pending translation. You

23 should file a note, Mr. Visnjic, when translated.

24 Mr. Hannis, I should have asked you to clarify the position with

25 these exhibit numbers of the documents attached to Mr. Coo's statement. I

Page 12090

1 know you gave us a list of 2803, I think, to 2813, but can we be clear

2 where they start.

3 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, what I intended to do was attach that

4 list of those that we wished to tender along with the list of 188.

5 JUDGE BONOMY: That's going to be a supplement to the report; in

6 other words, a qualification of the report when it's filed as a -- as part

7 of the motion for admission of the document?

8 MR. HANNIS: Yeah, I was just going to identify it as a separate

9 list and identify it as having come from the appendix to Witness Coo's

10 statement.

11 JUDGE BONOMY: But if the 2803 is the third item there the report

12 written by MUP staff member Pesic, if that's the case, does that mean that

13 the first two don't have exhibit numbers, two war diaries, or do they have

14 numbers?

15 MR. HANNIS: They do have numbers, Your Honour. The first -- the

16 first seven items on the list will be 2801 through 2807, then there is

17 Exhibit P2591 already admitted --

18 JUDGE BONOMY: Hold on.

19 Yes.

20 MR. HANNIS: And after 2591 we would resume with 2808

21 consecutively through 2813.


23 MR. HANNIS: Which would then take Your Honour I hope to P941.


25 MR. HANNIS: Which is already in evidence on the 22nd of January.

Page 12091

1 P939 that was already admitted, as well as 938, 935. The following

2 page --

3 JUDGE BONOMY: So -- but hold on again. 941 you say has already

4 been admitted, is it?

5 MR. HANNIS: Umm --

6 JUDGE BONOMY: It doesn't say so in the document.

7 MR. HANNIS: I'm sorry. Did I say 941? I have a note that it was

8 admitted on the 22nd of January.

9 JUDGE BONOMY: All right.

10 MR. HANNIS: I'm having -- yes, that's what it indicates in

11 e-court.

12 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. Visnjic.

13 MR. VISNJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I've also tried to go

14 through them. It's also one of the senior staff meetings. I have it

15 noted that 5941 [as interpreted] should have been admitted through Philip

16 Coo, not through an earlier decision. I'm sorry. For the record, P-941.

17 JUDGE BONOMY: We will check when we are reviewing it.

18 You then say that the next few have been admitted, that's down to

19 935. 933 --

20 MR. HANNIS: I'm sorry, on page A-5 at the top, 933 --

21 JUDGE BONOMY: I'm on A-4 at the moment but -- but 939, 938, and

22 935 bear to be admitted.

23 MR. HANNIS: That's what my notes indicate, Your Honour.


25 MR. HANNIS: Is not.

Page 12092


2 MR. HANNIS: That's one that we will include on this list.

3 JUDGE BONOMY: And then 932, 931, 929, 28 --

4 MR. HANNIS: Stop there.

5 JUDGE BONOMY: They have all been admitted and then 25 and 22 have

6 yet to be admitted?

7 MR. HANNIS: Correct.

8 JUDGE BONOMY: Now, what is the next surprise you have in store

9 for us, Mr. Hannis.

10 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, I looked outside before I came in. I

11 did not -- I see Mr. O'Sullivan. He's going to let my surprise out.

12 MR. O'SULLIVAN: Yes. One small matter to advise the Chamber that

13 yet the Milutinovic Defence and Mr. Hannis met and we anticipate filing a

14 further joint submission on stipulations which may come tomorrow, we

15 expect.

16 JUDGE BONOMY: In -- is that stipulated by everyone?

17 MR. O'SULLIVAN: I'd have to check on that.

18 JUDGE BONOMY: All right.

19 Yes, Mr. Hannis.

20 MR. IVETIC: Your Honour, if we're still on administrative things,

21 there's one other matter I wanted to bring to the Court's attention

22 relating to some documents we had just received yesterday from the Office

23 of the Prosecutor -- excuse me. The day before yesterday, these documents

24 came. We filed a notice for judicial notice and I don't know if that's

25 made it into the system yet. This relates to information -- official

Page 12093

1 investigative information received --

2 JUDGE BONOMY: I have seen this document --

3 MR. IVETIC: Okay.

4 MR. BONOMY: -- Mr. Ivetic.

5 MR. IVETIC: Just wanted to make sure.

6 JUDGE BONOMY: We do have it.

7 MR. IVETIC: And I don't know whether the Prosecution needs to

8 respond. I just want to make sure that they were aware of it and they

9 asked for time, if they needed, to relating to Mr. Protic's testimony.

10 JUDGE BONOMY: It would be very helpful, Mr. Hannis, to have an

11 instant response to that. I don't mean this minute, but if it was

12 possible -- I'll give you a -- well, if it was possible to respond by

13 tomorrow morning, it would be helpful.

14 MR. HANNIS: We'll try and do that --

15 JUDGE BONOMY: I understand it may not be. I'm not making an

16 order to that effect.

17 MR. HANNIS: We'll try and do that, Your Honour. I would indicate

18 to you I anticipate that we will object to the request that you take

19 judicial notice of it.

20 JUDGE BONOMY: Yeah. All right. Thank you.

21 And Mr. Visnjic.

22 MR. VISNJIC: [Interpretation] Your Honour, I'm a bit lost but I

23 would like the Prosecution to assist me if they may. Are the following

24 numbers tendered: 936, 930, 934, and 937? Have they been tendered or

25 admitted?

Page 12094

1 JUDGE BONOMY: Give me the numbers again, Mr. Visnjic, sorry.

2 Just take them slowly. The first one.

3 MR. VISNJIC: [Interpretation] The first number is 936.

4 JUDGE BONOMY: I don't see it among the list here, nor is 930

5 there, nor is 934, nor 937. They don't appear to be tendered at this

6 point.

7 MR. HANNIS: That's correct, Your Honour, we have not tendered

8 them.

9 MR. VISNJIC: [Interpretation] In that case, Your Honour, we would

10 like to tender these exhibits --

11 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, that's a matter --

12 MR. VISNJIC: [Interpretation] -- just once again --

13 JUDGE BONOMY: That's a matter you should deal directly with

14 Mr. Hannis on, and if you reach agreement, you should tender them with a

15 very brief written filing and do it today.

16 MR. VISNJIC: [Interpretation] Thank you, Your Honour.

17 JUDGE BONOMY: That -- and they will only be admitted if it's by

18 agreement of the Prosecution.

19 MR. VISNJIC: Yes.

20 [Defence counsel confer]

21 MR. VISNJIC: Mr. Sepenuk wants to say something.

22 MR. SEPENUK: Just as a final precaution, Your Honour, we would

23 just like to keep the record open as a follow-up to what Mr. Visnjic just

24 did. There may be just a few exhibits, a handful, and there may not be,

25 but just want to make absolutely certain that all the exhibits that should

Page 12095

1 be tendered are, and if we could have till the end of the day on that or

2 at least till -- part of the day, we would appreciate it.

3 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, the filing that you tender can deal with

4 those and any others that you can persuade Mr. Hannis to agree to.

5 MR. SEPENUK: Thank you, Your Honour.

6 JUDGE BONOMY: Thank you.

7 Mr. Hannis, where do we go from here?

8 MR. HANNIS: Well, out into the sunshine for an hour, I hope. No,

9 Your Honour, we -- I did want to bring a couple of matters to your

10 attention. There was an additional witness -- well, there were three

11 additional witnesses that we had hoped to present to you but we have not

12 been able to. One of them was Mr. Lilic. Mr. Stamp was going to file

13 something with you tomorrow indicating the status regarding our efforts to

14 do that for informational purposes and whatever action we might seek to

15 take in the future or request of the Court. Just wanted to bring that to

16 your attention. We had also hoped to have Mr. Byrnes and General Clark

17 here. Your ruling allowed it to be possible for Mr. Byrnes to come, but

18 because of urgent personal matters we were not able to get him here before

19 the close of our evidence. And General Clark, as you know, our filing on

20 the appeal is due today, so we'll be filing something on that, and if it's

21 appropriate we'll file something --

22 JUDGE BONOMY: Yeah. We thought it was due yesterday.

23 MR. HANNIS: I know, I've seen the draft this morning, Your

24 Honour, so I know it did not get filed yesterday but we will advise the

25 Court of that. And with the same you allowance that Mr. Sepenuk requested

Page 12096

1 to check the status of all the exhibits that we think are in and be sure

2 that they are in, at this time, Your Honour, we would rest.

3 JUDGE BONOMY: Yeah, well, "rest" not in the formal sense, I take

4 it, because there's nothing we can do until -- if there is an appeal in

5 Clark and if the Appeals Chamber are prepared to take the view that it's

6 in time, then there's nothing that we can do until that has been resolved.

7 I mean, that effectively stymies the 98 bis process.

8 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, I wasn't secure about how the Court

9 would proceed in light of that matter pending, whether we would go forward

10 with the 98 bis --

11 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, how can we? We would be delighted to if you

12 can demonstrate to us how it can be done.

13 MR. HANNIS: Your Honour, I thought that perhaps you would proceed

14 that way, and if the ruling came out a certain way, the Prosecution would

15 make an application to re-open its case and present General Clark.

16 JUDGE BONOMY: I see. I see.

17 MR. HANNIS: But --

18 JUDGE BONOMY: What happens if someone has been acquitted by

19 then?

20 MR. HANNIS: Well, that's the Prosecution's loss.


22 MR. HANNIS: But in terms of the Defence presentation of 98 bis, I

23 hope that I would not be presenting General Clark or Mr. Byrnes as

24 witnesses who would subtract from the Prosecution's evidence. So the fact

25 that they came after the 98 bis wouldn't result in any unfairness to the

Page 12097

1 Defence in that regard.

2 [Trial Chamber confers]

3 [Trial Chamber and legal officer confer]

4 JUDGE BONOMY: Mr. O'Sullivan, on the question of whether it's

5 possible to proceed with a 98 bis hearing with an outstanding appeal that

6 would lead to a further witness being led.

7 MR. O'SULLIVAN: Well, this is certainly a matter that I think

8 should be discussed among my colleagues, because as you pointed out, this

9 does lead to a potential problem, and one that requires more thought than

10 I can give it here.

11 JUDGE BONOMY: It probably is to the Defence advantage; on the

12 other hand, the test for re-opening the case at first blush couldn't be

13 met by succeeding in an appeal when you already have in mind the calling

14 of the witness. I thought the re-opening test was that you couldn't

15 foresee leading that witness at the time of the trial. So I wonder -- I

16 mean, have you thought this through completely, Mr. Hannis?

17 MR. HANNIS: No, Your Honour, I have not.

18 JUDGE BONOMY: Well, in that case, this will require to be

19 discussed later. Now, we are going to sit tomorrow, whatever happens. It

20 may only be briefly, just to deal with anything outstanding that we can

21 deal with, but if there are to be submissions made on this, perhaps they

22 should be in the third session later or -- is that long enough for you to

23 think about it or do you want to make these submissions tomorrow morning?

24 MR. O'SULLIVAN: Perhaps tomorrow morning, Your Honour.

25 JUDGE BONOMY: If it was easy to have the 98 bis hearing, you

Page 12098

1 would be pushing at an open door; but I was surprised, I have to say, that

2 that was thought to be feasible.

3 Anyone have any other matter to raise at this stage? We will sit

4 then at 9.00 tomorrow. I don't expect we'll be in court for much of

5 tomorrow, but you may have to be available depending on what we try to

6 determine in the course of tomorrow. For example, we may need to give

7 thought to this question, and rather than leave it hanging I think we

8 would want to make a decision if we could so that further procedure is

9 clear, including possibly the date at -- on which the Defence case will

10 begin.

11 So we'll adjourn now and resume at 9.00 tomorrow.

12 --- Whereupon the hearing adjourned at 11.09 a.m.,

13 to be reconvened on Thursday, the 22nd day of

14 March, 2007, at 9.00 a.m.