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Appointment of Judge Carmen Maria Argibay to ICTY

Press Release . Communiqué de presse

(Exclusively for the use of the media. Not an official document)


The Hague, 5 November 2002



On 1 November 2002 Judge Carmen Maria Argibay was appointed as an ad litem Judge to the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) to replace Judge Fassi Fihri who was unable to continue at the ICTY for health reasons.


Judge Argibay was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina. She began her legal career in 1959 when she joined Correctional Court "N" as a junior clerk. In 1961, she took up the same position at Juvenile Criminal Court "M", where she remained until 1965. During this period she completed her law studies at the University of Buenos Aires, receiving her law degree from the Faculty of Law and
Social Sciences in 1964. In 1965, she began working as a private lawyer but returned to the courts in 1969 where she remained until 1976. In that year she was removed from her position as general clerk to the National Court of Criminal and Correctional Appeals following the military coup in Argentina and was detained without charge for nine months.

On her release she began practicing privately as a lawyer. She returned to court work in 1984 when she was appointed trial Judge at Court "Q". In 1988, she was promoted to court Judge at the National Court of Criminal and Correctional Appeals, a position she held until 1993. In that year she took up a position as Judge to Criminal Oral Proceedings Court No. 2 – a position she held
until her appointment to the ICTY.

Judge Argibay has also had a wide teaching career starting in 1968 in the general programme in Dr. Enrique Ramos Mejia’s criminal law department at the University of Buenos Aires. She has held several teaching and advisory posts at the University, including serving on the Academic Advisory Board of the Higher Institute of Judicial Education for the postgraduate course in
Administration of Justice. She has held this position from 1998 until the present day.

Her academic career also includes a directorship of the Free Education for Women Workers and Retirees Programme of the Associacion Biblioteca de Mujeres (Women’s Library Association) and lectureships at the Universities of Belgrano and El Salvador. In 1998, she took up a position as co-ordinator of a judicial education programme designed by the International Women Judges

Judge Argibay has also served as an "Ambassador" to the Campaign for the Eradication of Violence by the Instituto Social y Politico de la Mujer and UNIFEM. In particular, she was one of the Judges at the 2000 Tokyo Tribunal, which ruled on the responsibility of the Japanese armed forces for the sexual slavery imposed in the countries invaded by them during the Second World