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Judge Albert Swart Sworn in as an Ad Litem Judge of the ICTY

Press Release . Communiqué de presse

(Exclusively for the use of the media. Not an official document)



The Hague, 1 December 2003



Today, Monday 1 December 2003, Judge Albert Swart (the Netherlands) was sworn in as an ad litem Judge of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia after his appointment by the Secretary-General of the United Nations, effective from today.

Judge Swart has been assigned by the ICTY President, Judge Theodor Meron, to the case "The Prosecutor v. Enver Hadzihasanovic and Amir Kubura".


Judge Swart was born on 9 March 1941 in Heerhugowaard, the Netherlands. He studied law at both the University of Nijmegen, the Netherlands between 1959 and 1964, and the University of Poitiers, France between 1964 and 1965.

Judge Swart has been a Professor of International Criminal Law (Van Hamel Chair) at the University of Amsterdam since 1996. He has also, since 1994, been a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences, as well as, since 1999, a member of the Conseil de Direction of the Association Internationale de Droit Pénal. He is a member of
the board of editors of the Journal of International Criminal Justice.

Prior to becoming an ad litem Judge at the ICTY, since 1996 Judge Swart was a Judge of the Criminal Division of the Amsterdam Court of Appeal. He began his legal career as an Assistant Professor of Criminal Law at the University of Amsterdam between 1965 and 1972. After this he was an Associate Professor of Criminal Law at the University of Amsterdam between 1972 and
1980, then Professor of Criminal Law and Criminal Procedure at the University of Utrecht between 1980 and 1996.

Judge Swart was a member of the Committee on Extradition and Human Rights of the International Law Association between 1992 and 1997, President of the Fourth Section of the XVIth International Congress of the Association Internationale de Droit Pénal, Budapest in 1999, and in 1991 he was a member of various committees advising the Netherlands Government with regard to
the International Law Commission (ILC) Draft Code of Crimes against the Peace and Security of Mankind, the ILC Draft Statute for an International Criminal Court, the preparation of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court and the preparation of Netherlands legislation implementing the Rome Statute.

Judge Swart has written numerous publications in Dutch, including the following books and monographs:

Politiek Delikt en Asiel (Political Offences and Asylum) (1973) 60 p, De Toelating en Uitzetting van Vreemdelingen (The admission and expulsion of aliens) (1978) 578 p, De Rechten van de Mens in het Uitleveringsrecht (Human rights and extradition law) (1982) 62 p, Nederlands Uitleveringsrecht (Netherlands extradition law) (1986) 601 p, De Berechting
van Internationale Misdrijven
(The adjudication of international crimes) (1996) 52 p.

Judge Swart has also written 40 publications in other languages, including the following edited books:

Criminal Justice in Europe: A Comparative Study (with Phil Fennell, Christopher Harding and Nico Jörg) (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1995) 404 p, Enforcing European Community Rules; Criminal Proceedings, Administrative Procedures and Harmonization (with Christopher Harding) (Aldershot, Darthmouth Publishers, 1996) 214 p, International Criminal Law in the
(with André Klip), (Freiburg im Breisgau, Max-Planck-Institut für Aüslandisches und Internationales Strafrecht, 1997) 431 p. He was a member of the board of advisors of the Commentary on the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (eds. Antonio Cassese, Paola Gaeta and John R. Jones) 3 vols. (Oxford University Press, 2002).