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CC/ P.I.S/ 728e
Vojislav Seselj Indicted by the ICTY for Crimes against Humanity and War Crimes
On Friday 14 February 2003, Judge O-Gon Kwon confirmed an Indictment against Vojislav Seselj.
Signed by the Prosecutor on 15 January 2003, this Indictment charges Vojislav Seselj with eight counts of crimes against humanity and six counts of violations of the laws or customs of war.
According to the Indictment, Vojislav Seselj was born on 11 October 1954 in Sarajevo, Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina. In June 1990 Vojislav Seselj founded the "Serbian National Renewal Party", subsequently renamed the "Serbian Chetnik Movement". After the elections of December 1990 the authorities of the SFRY banned the "Serbian Chetnik Movement". On 23 February 1991, Vojislav Seselj was appointed President of the newly founded "Serbian Radical Party" ("SRS"). In June 1991, he was elected a member of the Assembly of the Republic of Serbia. In almost daily rallies and election campaigns, he called for Serb unity and war against Serbia’s "historic enemies", namely the ethnic Croat, Muslim and Albanian populations within the territories of the former Yugoslavia.
Joint Criminal Enterprise
According to the Indictment, Vojislav Seselj participated in a joint criminal enterprise which purpose was the permanent forcible removal, through the commission of crimes in violation of Articles 3 and 5 of the Statute of the Tribunal, of a majority of the Croat, Muslim and other non-Serb populations from approximately one-third of the territory of Croatia, large parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, and from parts of Vojvodina, in the Republic of Serbia, in order to make these areas part of a new Serb-dominated state. The joint criminal enterprise came into existence before 1 August 1991 and continued at least until December 1995. Seselj participated in it until September 1993 when he had a conflict with Slobodan Milosevic. He bears criminal individual responsibility for crimes which were part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against the Croat, Muslim and other non-Serb civilian populations within large areas of Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Vojvodina, Serbia.
The Indictment alleges that Vojislav Seselj, as President of the SRS, was a prominent political figure in the SFRY/FRY in the time period relevant to this Indictment. He propagated a policy of uniting "all Serbian lands" in a homogeneous Serbian state. Acting alone and in concert with other members of the joint criminal enterprise, Vojislav Seselj, participated in the recruitment, formation, financing, supply, support and direction of Serbian volunteers connected to the SRS, commonly known as "Chetniks", or "Seseljevci".
He allegedly participated in war propaganda and incitement of hatred towards non-Serb people and instigated his volunteer units and other Serb forces in Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina to commit crimes. In public speeches, he called for the expulsion of Croat civilians from parts of the Vojvodina region in Serbia and thus instigated his followers and the local authorities to engage in a persecution campaign against the local Croat population.
According to the Indictment, he also participated in the planning and preparation of the take-over of villages in Eastern and Western Slavonia (in the municipalities of Vukovar and Vocin) in Croatia and in the municipalities of Bosanski Samac and Zvornik in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the subsequent forcible removal of the majority of the non-Serb population from these areas. He allegedly participated in the provision of financial, material, logistical and political support necessary for such take-overs; he obtained this support, with the help of Slobodan Milosevic, from the Serbian authorities and from Serbs living abroad where he collected funds to support the aim of the joint criminal enterprise. He recruited Serbian volunteers connected to the SRS and indoctrinated them with his extreme ethnic rhetoric so that they engaged in the forcible removal of the non-Serb population in the targeted territories through the commission of crimes with particular violence and brutality.
The Indictment charges Vojislav Seselj on the basis of his individual criminal responsibility (Article 7(1) of the Statute) with :
Eight counts of crimes against humanity (Article 5 of the Statute – murders, extermination, persecutions on political, racial or religious grounds, deportation, imprisonment, torture, inhumane acts), and
Six counts of violations of the laws or customs of war (Article 3 of the Statute – murder, torture, cruel treatment, wanton destruction, destruction of institutions dedicated to religion or education, plunder of public or private property)
International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
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